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ADDRESSES. New England historic-genealogical so- 
ciety. TBoston, 1652-95] 
15v. in 1 . 

Binder's title. 

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Gentlemen of the Historic-Genealogical Society : 

More than fifty years ago a retired merchant, an octogenarian 
New Englander, one of whose ancestors had been active and suc- 
cessful in resisting by force the tyrannical government of Andros, 
observed to him who addresses you this evening, " The time will 
come, sir, when it will be accounted an honor to have descended 
from the men who first settled this country." The remark was 
made by a gentleman of the old school, who loved to dwell on the 
past, and was intimately conversant with scenes and persons in 
Boston and its vicinage, during the deeply interesting period in 
which a national character was in the process of creation, as the 
way was preparing, in the wonderful Providence of God, for the 
formation and establishment of our great and prosperous Republic. 

I little thought, at that time, of witnessing the institution of 
your respected Association. The Massachusetts Historical Society 
had indeed existed for some years, and I had been favored by an 
acquaintance, while a youth, with most of its founders, some of 
whom were the kind patrons of my early studies. The names of 
Delknat, Eliot and Freeman were, in this view, peculiarly dear. 
They and their honored associates were instrumental in encour- 
aging and diffusing a taste for historical research ; and to each of 
them whatever related to the lives, circumstances and influence of 
the civil and religious fathers of our community, was interesting. 
^lllivaNj their venerated President, Minot, their beloved fellow- 
laborer, are known as civil historians. And W alcot.* with his 

& 1 his indefatigable collector of books once remarked to the author, * I shall be sat- 
:-."i<\! if I can but carry the hod and mortar for men of learning.' His humble ambition 
Has indeed gratified in the growth and prosperity of the Society. — [See Memoir, in 
foil. VII. 3d S.] 


eager desires for amassing volume on volume of the " olden time," 
became an efficient helper in their literary exertions. 

These men, whose memory deserves so well of even their 
country, not to say of Massachusetts and New England only, 
were but successors of other workmen! Winslow, Bradford and 
Winthrop — blessed be their names and their descendants ! — were, 
happily, journalists. Hubbard and the Mathers drew from them, 
and transmitted new treasures to posterity. Prince perpetuated, 
I had almost said, the possession oi' these treasures, — but I cheek 
the expression ; for I would not forget the Vandal desecration of 
the Old South meetinghouse by the myrmidons of Avar, ' brutish 
men, and skilful to destroy," * nor the ruin and partial dispersion 
of his precious ' New England Library.' And Prince was Bel- 
knap's respected and beloved pastor. 

Nevertheless, the field of human effort among us has become so 
extensive, the care of cultivating its various and multiplying de- 
partments so imperative, that the great and pressing concerns of 
society occupy the minds of the active portions of our community. 
Few, comparatively, are found who give themselves leisure to look 
back, and cautiously examine the traces left by former years and 
former travellers. Some there are, however, and their number 
has increased greatly in the last half century ; and I ask your 
attention, gentlemen, and that of this audience, while I endeavor 
to exhibit and vindicate their pursuits, as succinctly as I may; 
and offer a few suggestions. 

The gathering of facts is all-important to human progress. Our 
own countryman, Jefferson, has well remarked,! that 'a patient 
collection and comparison of them is a task imposed by his Maker 
on every man, if he desires to obtain accurate knowledge.' Yet, 
it must be admitted, that the labor attending this collection for 
purposes of comparison, and other uses, may not bring with it, at 
the moment, its full advantage. Time may be needed for the de- 
velopment of this. Nor is it a fatality singular and uncommon. 
It occurs in almost all the sciences,! and beluncs, in a good mea- 
• — • 

* So designated w ere ancient warriors by the infallible word of inspiration, Ezek. 
xxi. 31. 

t Notes on Virginia . 

% Thus in philology, as Quinctilian so beautifully describes : * Parva docemus, in- 
stituendum oratorem professi; sed est sua etiam studiis infantia; et ut corporum mox 
etiam fortissimorum educatio a lacte cunisque initium duck ' — ' ne quis tanquam parva 
fastidiat grammatices elementa ' — ' quia interiora velut sacri hujus adeitntibus apparebit 
multa rerum subtilitas ' — * qua? ' — • exercere altissimam ' — ' eruditionem ac scientiam 
possit.'— [Instit. Orat. b. I. § 10, 22.] 

sure to the nature of man and human society. One age improves 
and perfects, it maybe, what a preceding age has but hoarded up. 
Inundations only are often laid — though with labor and care — 
aiii are builded upon, and, in Scriptural phrase, 'raised up,'* by 
those whose privilege it is to come after. 

Some, then, are but collectors, while those who succeed them 
have their accumulations to use. How apparent in the science, if 
\i may be so named, of Statistics is this truth — as well as in the 
accumulations of pecuniary wealth to be transmitted to legal heirs. 
And yet how minute and laborious the gathering of the facts — 
how extensive the uses to which they may be applied. And I 
must add, that this collection of facts is far more laborious than is 
mere declamation. Yet the latter, plausible and enchanting 
though it sometimes be, is baseless without them and empty. 

Now what is History but a series of facts, suitably arranged, 
well authenticated, and connected in the order of Gob's providence? 
It is the illustration of His august government of the affairs of 
men, and their circumstances, characters, actions and fortunes. 
But it is evident, that the dignity and measured march of History, 
intent on the production and exhibition of some great result, will 
hardly admit the distinct specifications of its processes. This 
would be tedious, as it would be voluminous; and the world could 
scarcely retain or receive 'the books that might be written.' f 

There is, then, room provided for another course. The antiqua- 
ry and the genealogist have each his province. And so has it 
been in the ages of antiquity and onward. Athenjeus and Dio- 
sysics of Halycarnassus among the Greeks, Varro, Macrobkjs and 
Aulus Gellius among the Romans, were but precursors of Du 
Chesxe, Spencer. Gr^evius, Gronovius, Spelman, Du Fresne, Du 
Cange, Anselme; the Benedictines, Montfaucon and Mabillon, 
peculiarly; Muratori, Leland, Hearne, Anderson and Gough 
among the moderns. In fact, the very record of their names 
would show the importance of the station they hold, and the 
relation they sustain to the accurate knowledge of the ordinary 
concernments of life. For History being the record of human 
affairs — and these being the affairs of individual men, who, in the 
aggregate, form the mass with which general history is conversant, 
•hography, for purposes of instruction and profit, becomes the 
very essence of history. And how can biography be perfected, 
'''• by attending to the minuter features of individual life? It is 
' ;, »< to waste itself in vague generalities. It identifies men by their 
Jveuliar characteristics. It brings 'home,' to use lord Bacon's 

•Uaiah Iviii. 12. t John, xxi, 25. 

phrase, l to men's business and bosoms ' the lessons, not merely of 
great occasions, but also of every-day existence. 

Jt is well worthy of remark, what an exhibition is made us in 
the hook of books, designed for the instruction of the world, of 
attention to private history. How familiar are we made with the 
character and circumstances of Abraham, and of Isaac his son, 
and of Jacob and his family. And at times what scenes of deep 
domestic interest arc set before us, as if to teach the lessons of 
humanity, to sanctify the scenes of the family circle, check the 
wanderings of a speculative fancy, and fix the mind and feelings, 
for personal instruction, on practical life and individual idiosyn- 
crasies, the consequences of which we trace in the history, ulti- 
mately, of nations. 

Some, too, of the most beautiful traits of ancient genius in 
heathen nations are seen in biographical sketches. Not to mention 
the Grecian Plutarch and Diogenes Laeetius, nor the Roman 
Nepos and Suetonius, witness the charming exhibition of Agricola 
in the life written by Tacitus of his honored father-in-law ; the 
letters also of Cicero and the younger Pliny, abounding with inter- 
esting personalities, — the Greek Memorabilia of Socrates, and life 
of Agesilaus, by the accomplished, gentlemanly Xenophon, and 
other similar tractates. 

One of your objects, Gentlemen, and a most important one, is 
the actual preservation of the exceedingly perishable and often 
really perishing original documents relating to personal, family or 
public history, in the form of letters, diaries, or casual memoranda, 
of various and indescribable character. And what unavailing 
sympathy is not seldom excited in the antiquary's sad complaint 
of the — in his view — wanton destruction of old, family papers ! 
Alas, how often is the melancholy answer to his inquiries given in 
the astounding intelligence, that 'nobody seemed to care about 
them, they were lumbering up the house, and at length were car- 
ried away into the attic, became covered with dust, and lately, on 
cleaning out the apartment for some other use, they were all burnt !' 
Our losses of this description, as well as those by casualties una- 
voidable, it would surpass the skill of any antiquary to compute. 

Again, it is desirable, that, out of the necessary researches for 
the purpose, there should be formed a Map of our Country, or at 
least of New England, taking its natural features from the most 
recent discoveries and observations, but giving the ancient names 
of mountains, rivers, headlands, bays, lakes, ponds, &c; since 
these are found to have often been very expressive of some natural 
feature or quality, and the preservation of them may aid in the 
philological investigations respecting our aboriginals. 

If 1 mistake not, our indefatigable Corresponding Secretary * 
has already made some progress in one of this nature; and, nearly 
a century since, that able and devoted antiquary. Governor Pow- 
nall, of Massachusetts, published one of North America, in which 
is imbodied much of the information I allude to, in the location of 
several of the native tribes. But it is not confined to the period 
antecedent to European immigration. And, surely, if in the land 
'of our fathers' sepulchres'! the labors of such men as Hokseley, 
Stukeley, Bueton and Henry be prized, we too may have our 
successful investigators, whose vigils thus spent shall prove a light 
to posterity. 

It is exceedingly desirable that a new and improved edition be 
given of the ' Magnalia Christi Americana. ' Grant it to be defi- 
cient ; let then its deficiencies be supplied. Ample notes can be 
added, the history of individuals enlarged, and that of their 
families brought down to our own times. Such an idea is not new. 
The first librarian of the American Antiquarian Society J planned 
a new edition of Mather's great work, and went so far as to form 
an Index to it, which is much needed : but I am sorry to say it 
lias not been discovered since Mr. Baldwin's lamented death. Yet 
I am happy to learn, that your present respected President^ is, 
shall I say? — engaged to produce it. May great success attend 
his labors, that, as you owe so much to the toils and sacrifices of 
the gentleman who first presided |l over your Society, his successor 
may consign to your care, and that, of posterity, the perfected work 
to which I allude. 

Another work seems also to demand the notice, and intelligent 
and persevering research, of some one of your number ; it is a 
reproduction of Hutchinson's ' History of Massachusetts,' enriched 
with suitable notes, portraits of the Governors of the Stale, so far 
as procurable, and proper additions to the rich collection of the 
documents which already form one of his valuable volumes. 

Nor can I omit to express the desire, that it may be your privi- 
lege to obtain, ultimately, a complete series of those admirable 
publications, as interesting as they are costly, the County Histories 
of England. Look at the immense piles — if your eyes may fortu- 
nately enjoy the privilege of the sight — which cannot be, 1 think, 
on this side of the Atlantic. What labor of investigation ! What 
patience, travel, inquiry, correspondence, and arrangement of 

*S. G. Drake, Esq., author of several valuable works on the American Indians, 
and r.-Utor of some vols, of the N. E. Hist. &. Gen. Register. 

1 Nth. ii. 3. X Christopher C. Baldwin, Esq. 

§ Rev. Joseph B. Ii Charles Ewer, Esq. 

gathered materials must have been expended to produce the 
mass ! 

Yet it is invaluable in its proper point of view. And much, I 
repeat, is it to be desired, that in some one, at least, of our numer- 
ous, hut as vet inadequate libraries — inadequate to the wants of 
any liberal historical inquirer — there should be found a collection 
of them. "Were this to he your happiness, Gentlemen — you, who 
would best know their value, and how to use them — what cause 
for congratulation would be the formation of your Society ! 

Harvard University possesses a few— some of them the noble 
gift of patriotic Englishmen — some the purchase of a neighboring 
State, * which became a patron of learning in its contribution to 
supply the destruction made by fire, eighty years ago, and more — 
but not a small portion from the funds assigned by Massachusetts 
herself, and the munificence of her private citizens. 

Still, it is very defective, and meagre comparatively: as is the 
collection of the American Antiquarian Society, of our Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, and every other with which I am 
acquainted. What, indeed, may have been effected in this matter 
by the last addition made to the princely Astor library of the city 
of New York, I know not — as the catalogue is yet unpublished. 
But most earnestly do I wish, that such may be the generosity of 
the patrons of literature in our country, that this acquisition may 
speedily be accomplished — somewhere, and somehow — but how or 
where is not for me to say. 

Nor, perhaps, will it be inapposite here to suggest, that all 
which relates to the original natives and possessors of this country 
cannot, as 1 trust, but find, Gentlemen, a response in your hearts, 
and form acceptable items of the intelligence you seek. It is a 
melancholy spectacle which they exhibit in their decline, exposed 
as they have been to the arts and deceptions of evil-minded white 
men, devoid of the spirit of the Pilgrim Fathers. 

Their history has been too often written in violence and blood, 
intemperance and neglect. Yet, blessed be God ! there are not a 
few redeeming and honorable exceptions. Gookix. and Eliot, and 
the Mayhews, here deserve the most grateful commemoration. 
Nevertheless, were any of the natives capable of writing their 
whole history as truth requires, we must blush for the figure which 
many of our countrymen would exhibit. 

Once more, however, permit me to revert to the New England 
Fathers — our ever fruitful subject of contemplation. American 
antiquaries may congratulate themselves, that, in ascertaining 

New Hampshire. 

their origin, they arc not compelled to ascend to an age of fables, 
as did the Greeks, the Romans, the Chinese, the Persians, and 
many other ancient nations. Our country received its European 
population in an age of intellectual light, comparatively. But 
that population was only an offspring of ancient families, notwith- 
standing. We insensibly but necessarily, therefore, slide into in- 
quiries beyond onr own shores. And where will they end, but 
with the proverbial length of a Welsh pedigree, or the exhaustion 
of almost all the ' historic-genealogical ' treasures of Europe? 

God's facts demand and ought ever to receive attention. Mere 
human declamation, if it be not connected with a careful collection, 
arrangement and exhibition of them, seems, as I have already 
said, of little worth. Now, England is, to the greater portion of 
our inhabitants, what Normandy was to the descendants of those 
who enabled its duke to conquer, for himself and his posterity, one 
of the fairest of kingdoms. Nor is it to be wondered at. that, if 
Normandy excites the curiosity of England's nobles and educated 
men.* England itself should excite a still deeper interest in the 
citizens of these States, and more especially of New England. 

Now whatever concerns our venerated forefathers — the circum- 
stances of their early lives — their religious faith and religious 
history — their trials, persecutions, and various sufferings and 
sacrifices for conscience' sake, and behavior under them — these are 
all fair subjects of inquiry, and interesting, as they go to form 
character. And certainly character needed to be formed in a 
peculiar mould to meet the emergency of their age. It was an age 
of peculiar developments, since the dawn of popular freedom 
appears to have commenced in it. as regards cur father-land, and 
the popular branch of the government. 

James, a pedantic, self-indulgent, bigoted tyrant in feeling and 
principle, had succeeded Elizabeth, whose personal prejudices 
were as strong, whose mental powers were stronger, and whose will 
was made, like that of her capricious, despotic father, the Sth Henry, 
supreme law. Yet the spark of civil freedom, it is acknowledged, 
was struck out by the collision of puritanic zeal and knowledge 
with the flinty rock of prerogative and autocratic power. 

Keverence and esteem are, therefore, due to the puritan fathers 

of New England, aside from all considerations of their relation to 

ourselves in kindred blood. And the better portion of the world 

tiiiit is civilized by principles drawn from the Sacred Scriptures — 

. a nnnority indeed of those who make profession of Christianity, 

?ee H'ift'cn's ' House of Russell,' and the ' Peerages, 1 generally 


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yields it now; since much of the bigotry of former ages lias been 
giving way to experience, common sense, philosophy and evangel- 

Since, then, in the formation of character, every element of 
influence is important, according to its bearing on the subject, a 
minute survey of contemporary history, and tbat in Holland as 
well as England — minute, since it relates to individuals of humble 
station, whose movements attracted no cheering crowds ; and who 
were the suffering party, while their oppressors were, for the time, 
successful and triumphant — who loft their names for the scoff of 
the proud courtier, the scorn of the titled, lordly prelate — must be 
gathered, not from the glittering volume, perfumed with the 
incense of kingly or queenly flattery — but the obscure records of 
suffering and often martyred innocence. 

Yes, the annals of the Reformation arc defiled with blood — and 
out of its furnace came, like the three Jewish worthies, several of 
our forefathers. It is painful to read these annals — to think it 
possible, that man, frail, accountable man, should so torture and 
destroy his fellow, and, in the language of the poet, but little 

* — play such tricks before indulgent Heaven 
As might make angels weep.' 

Yet they must be read, and pondered, too — and their natural 
influence taken into the account, if we would justly appreciate the 
genius of the age, or of that, rather, which preceded it, and formed 
the actors in their times. .And, certainly, without considering 
their age, and its scenes, its spirit, its precursors and accompani- 
ments, our judgment of them must be exceedingly defective. 

Your investigations, then. Gentlemen, take a wide and import- 
ant range, a range almost illimitable. For mind acts on mind, 
and circumstance on circumstance, so extensively, that the origi- 
nation of the motion you contemplate may be traced, perhaps, to 
the remotest antiquity. Our very liberties, in which we so much 
glory, maybe deduced from the unshackled enjoyments of the wild 
forests of Germany, or the equally free condition and habits of 
British savages. The depredating pirate of Scandinavia, the 
freebooter of conquering Normandy, the feudal vassal of almost 
every European people had a share in moulding character, the 
character that descends to us. 

Not only had the Puritans of New England learned from the 
Scriptures the general brotherhood of mankind, and the necessity 
of uniting with the service of God, and love of Him, an obedience 
to the wholesome laws of the State ; but to the leaders among 


them the best writers of antiquity were more familiar than has 
been generally realized. 

The distinguished author of that noble work, the ' Defense of 
the American Constitutions,' was not alone in deriving his know- 
ledge of the true republican system from writers of Greece and 
Home. The founders of New England freedom were before him. 
And the Confederation of 1643 was no faint emblem or preparation 
of the Federal Government itself. So true is it in human allairs 
tiiat ' one soweth and another reapeth.' But without such an 
ancestry as ours, what would have been this country? Look at 
France now, and contemplate her history for the last sixty years. 
Look at the provinces which have cast off the yoke of Spain. 
These nations have not had the moral training — as we have had — 
of centuries. And yet, if we- consult history it will appear, that 
noble sentiments and noble actions burst forth from their progeni- 
tors in former ages. Witness the ceremony of inauguration among 
the Castilians. c We,' say the nobles to their intended sovereign, 
( we, who are as good as you. constitute you our king, and will 
obey you while you maintain our laws — and, if you do not this, 
we will not obey ' — or, as in the forcible conciseness of the original, 
; y si no, no !' And in France there have not been wanting noble 
minds, formed in the finest mould of human nature, which have 
r.pprehended, exhibited, and aimed to establish the purest forms of 
government, and provisions and enactments of law — but the nation 
could not understand, or would not follow them. Who does not 
revere the names of the virtuous De Thou, of Philip de Mornay, 
Hotoman, Montesquieu, De l' Hoeital, D' Aguesseau, Malesher- 
bes, and many more of that nation so illustrious — but which yet, 
as the sagacious Sismondi has remarked, with equal truth, and 
boldness, 'in each of her revolutions committed the great mistake 
of placing a Prince at its head.' When they had achieved their 
Ireedom, theyknew not how to perpetuate and use it. Nor can it 
le perpetuated and rendered useful, in its highest sense, without 
the guidance of God's truth and His effectual blessing. 

* Patriots have toiled, and in their country's cause 
' Bled nobly, and their deeds, as they deserve, 

* Receive proud recompense. We give in charge 

* Their names to the sweet lyre. Th' historic muse, 

* Proud of the treasure, marches with it down 
*To latest times; and sculpture, in her turn, 

* Gives bond in stone, and ever-daring brass, 
' To guard them, and immortalize her trust. 
' But fairer wreaths are due, though never paid, 
' To those, who, posted at the shrine of Truth, 
' Have fallen in her defense.' 


* They lived unknown, 

* 'Till persecution dragged them into fame, 

' Aiid chased them up to heaven. Their ashes flew — 
' No marble tells us whither. With their names 
4 No hard embalms and sanctifies his song; 
' And History, so warm on meaner themes, 

* Is cold on this.' — [Cowper's Task, book v.] 

There are. speaking generally, two operations of the under- 
standing concerned in historical inquiries, as, indeed, in most sub- 
jects of human research. They demand, it may be, on the present 
occasion, a few thoughts and remarks. Analysis is one. synthesis, 
another. By the former, we look at a whole, and then take it 
asunder and inspect its parts. By the latter, we gather up the 
scattered parts, and combine them into a whole. It is apparent, 
that the latter, with respect to a history of human affairs, will in- 
volve the patient, minute industry of the antiquary ; the former is 
more apt to occupy the historian — who exhibits the magnificent, 
and boundless, and ever-varying theatre of human life in a flow- 
ing, perpetuated strain. But the eye and the mind may be over- 
tasked — and we covet a retirement from the crowd, the bustle, the 
public show and noise, to seek a quiet, a more leisurely survey. 
This is exhibited in biography, of which genealogy is necessarily 
a component. 

History, then, has its great, its impressive scenes — and some of 
these are occasionally embodied by the pencil in grand historical 
paintings, on which we dwell, it may be, with a gratification min- 
gled with awe. But the family-portrait, and even the miniature, 
recalling dear and kindred features, and thus bringing back past 
'scenes, may have a sweeter charm. And such is the relation of 
biography and genealogy to history at large. 

Nevertheless, the work of the historian demands an accurate 
knowledge and careful comparison of isolated facts. The ambi- 
tious sentences of Gibbon, who throws ridicule on heraldry, and 
affects to despise the obscure labors of the genealogist, were not 
framed, we have every reason to believe, without a toilsome, and 
certainly a successful examination of their treasures — treasures, 
which few scholars have taken greater pains than he to accumu- 
late. The fact is, that each department is necessary to the other. 
And while the antiquary collects and consigns to writing and the 
press, his more evanescent objects of curiosity — he is actually 
laboring for his analytical associate; and he thus gathers, with 
scrupulous care, the scattered materials of a fabric, of which, - 
though its foundations be concealed from sight, they are yet essen- 
tial to the stability and even existence of what 3 in its just 


proportions, artistic arrangements, and elaborate finish, delights all 
!■. holders. 

It is thus, in fact, with all that falls under human notice. Great 
views exercise the faculty of comprehension, and prompt analysis. 
Accurate knowledge, however, must result from an acquaintance 
with the parts, however subdivided. The Infinite Mind embraces 
all. Nothing is too great for it to grasp; nothing is too little for 
it to overlook. And the Sacred Book we reverence, as the author- 
ity and guide of our faith, is written in perfect coincidence with 
this thought. While the interests of the universe are exhibited in 
its paces, the concerns of a family, the biography of an individual 
subject, the fall of a sparrow, and the numbering of the hairs of 
the head are not passed by — illustrating so beautifully, and so 
consistently with the soundest philosophy, the ways and attributes 
of Him, 

* Who gives its lustre to the insect's wing, 

' And wheels His throne upon the moving worlds.' 

There are those who allow themselves to ridicule the subject of 
genealogy — or, if they proceed not so far, to disestecm, at least, 
and neglect it. Some do this in fear lest they should discover in 
their ancestry causes for mortification and shame; and others, 
'because,' say they, ( my progenitors left me nothing, and why 
should I remember them? Had they left me a fortune, their 
memory would be precious.' Is money, then, the only valuable 
article on earth ? Have not your ancestors left you — if phrenology 
be not a deception, and physical analogies a dream — the constitu- 
tional developments in which, perhaps, you glory 1 

It has been said, ' the man who does not think of his ancestors 
will be negligent of his posterity.' This is, probably, a true 
remark. And I cannot but think, that, seeing we are, as a com- 
munity, so engrossed in seeking the distinction — the palpable 
distinction — that arises from wealth, and have, by this disposition, 
attracted the notice of foreigners, who ascribe to us the worship of 
what is significantly, though I fear profanely called, : the almighty 
dollar,' it is of great importance to our moral character that our 
- U-estimation should possess other elements on which to found 
itself— and a little of even family-pride would be better than the 
stigma of a 'purse-proud aristocrat.' 

ISow, on this subject of mere phrenological or physical develop- 
ment, are there many things of more importance to the human 
mmy ? The often slighted yet honest physician, whose ' Domestic 
Medicine ' used to find a place in almost every considerate family, 
the clear-sighted, benevolent Buchan, dilates* on the recklessness 

* In his chap, on Children, and on Diseased Parents. 


of marriages designed to increase pecuniary fortunes at the expense 
of health both of mind and body. And I have often thought, and 
said to gentlemen in medical practice, that hardly could a better 
legacy be left by an observing physician, than a physiological 
description and history of the families who form the subjects of 
his practice. 

'My son,' said a judicious nobleman of England, of high stand- 
ing, to his heir who had now arrived at man's estate, ' I wish you 
to marry. And I wish you not to marry beneath your rank : but 
I have prepared lists of families of that rank, and this,' handing 
him one, 'contains the names of such as are subject to hereditary 
insanity — the other, those who inherit the king's evil, or scrofula — 
I beg you avoid them both.' 

Who is there, now, that is at all conversant with human woes 
arising from a feeble, broken constitution, afflicted with chronic 
diseases — lacerated with pain, and weary with suffering, or 
depressed with tbe anticipations of it — who would not prefer the 
'mens sana in corpore sano ' — a sound mind in a sound body, to 
heaps of yellow dust? 

We require pedigrees of horses — we inspect, with great care, 
those of cattle — to ascertain the genuineness of their descent; and 
the keen-sighted, experienced breeders of them acquire with the 
farmer, the sportsman, the independent gentleman, an almost 
enviable fame — but, is it not to be feared, that, in multitudes of 
instances, as in the old countries of Europe, the pecuniary consid- 
eration outweighs immeasurably that which is merely physiolog- 
ical ! 

The sad truth that accompanies these remarks, is found, if we 
may trust a shrewd observer, our countryman, Thomas Jeffekson, 
in the mental and physical conformation of most of the hereditary 
or legitimate crown-bearers of Europe — where, by repeated royal 
alliances, mental and corporal disease has become a fatal inheri- 

I pursue this subject further. The very hardships which are 
encountered by settlers, in such scenes as our country exhibited 
first to Europeans, call for energy, inforce self-denial, demand 
frugality and good economy, strengthen the constitution, give 
health and vigor to the mind, and tend to prolong life. It has 
even been said, that a voyage across the Atlantic adds ten years 
to a man's age. How this may be 1 will not undertake to deter- 
mine. But it is a fact, that descendents of younger branches of 
noble families, obliged to look out for themselves, and therefore 
claiming often the footless ' martlet ' as their peculiar heraldric 



designation, have been found in America, among the sons of indus- 
try, if not want. Yes, when riot and debauchery, or high, luxu- 
rious living and indolence have caused a £ noble'* family to become 
cx tinct — the off-shoot, neglected and exposed, has grown to be a 
sightly tree. The heir of the illustrious and ancient house of De 
Coi'rcy was discovered in a hardy seaman, sailing, nearly a cen- 
tury ago, out of the harbor of our own Newport; and, in my own 
time, the legitimate owner of the immense estates of the Grosven- 
ORS, in a poor farmer of New York. The latter never inherited. 
The descendant of the former now possesses the family title and 

There are those, I have said, who allow themselves to disparage 
genealogical inquiry, and the information it gives. But, whatever 
indifference one may experience in regard to the details of families 
unconnected with his own, yet hardly, I think, would the case 
occur, even among the most obscure in the midst of us, in which, 
when particulars of creditable actions or dispositions were narrated, 
relating to a man's father, grandfather, or remoter connection, he 
would not be tempted to break out in the spirit, at least, of that 
genuine, earnest, emphatic New England phrase, ' Do tell ! ' And 
yon might ' tell ' on, without fear of wearying your auditor. The 
feeling is natural. It belongs to our very self-hood. It is a modi- 
fication, doubtless, of self-love. But how much more liberal than 
the boast of riches, or the oppression of power! How- far more 
purifying and ennobling ! — since he who values his descent from 
an ancestry distinguished for any of the virtues, inherits also, with 
this affection, most generally, a disposition adverse to practices of 
a contrary character. ; Dedecorant bene natos culpae,' said the 
Jvoman poet, as if he had cautioned thus : { would you maintain 
the respect your predecessors have acquired, abhor every mean 
and dishonorable thing.' It becomes an axiom. 

Then, again, as population advances, the relations of kindred 
seem gradually to become more and more faint. A brother is but 
what a cousin was in former times, when the population was sparse 
and its numbers few. Now whatever tends to bring men happily 
together, and unite them in bonds of mutual regard, has an effect 
to purify and advance civilization, and render society an antidote 
to the ruder and merely selfish propensities. This does the much- 
abused science of genealogy. 

Our ancestors were so busied in their great enterprise— so hur- 
u< 1 Horn place to place, and perplexed by new and trying circum- 
stances, ever changing — and their minds, when enjoying any 
leisure, were in so many cases occupied with spiritual and hcav- 


enly thoughts, the understanding of God's precious Word, and the 
great concern of 'making their calling and election sure ' — that 
they quite neglected to detail to us their parentage, their employ- 
ments in life, their marriage-alliances, and the descent of their 
help-mates. These matters conic to us only incidentally, and in 
most cases, if they come at all, imperfectly. For, although but 
little more than two centuries have intervened since the settlement 
of this part of our country, there is hardly a family, even in New 
England, that can exhibit an entire pedigree, without a single 
hiatus, in all the branches of its ancestry. And this is not uttered 
at random. For there are not many who realize, that, if only 
seven generations are to be recorded, these seven embrace, of ne- 
cessity, 128 individuals, and Gi alliances, at least, by marriage. 

It would be a shame to us in future time, if, enjoying so much, 
at so great sacrifices made by our ancestors, and that so near our 
own times, we should not transmit to our posterity every thing of 
importance concerning those worthy men who preceded us, and 
enriched us at their own peril. 

But, in the investigation of our genealogies, we are never to for- 
get the piety of the Pilgrim Fathers — their care for their posterity, 
as well as their desire of religious freedom for themselves — their 
grief and painful foreboding of evil when they saw in Holland the 
Sabbath desecrated, even as in England, under the inconsistent, 
unendurable James. 

And I offer no apology, Gentlemen, nor will you expect one from 
me, for urging you to dwell on this part of their character. It is 
the leading feature of it. Without such attention our portrait 
would bear no resemblance. And it is our privilege, that we can, 
notwithstanding our : plentiful lack' of materials in other respects 
desirable, accumulate enough to make this distinction palpable. 

Take, for instance, the highly estimable character of the elder 
Winthrop, among our Massachusetts' worthies. Take those of 
Carver, Bradford, Haynes, Winslow, Eaton, Bradstreet, and 
some others, and analyze them. Compare them with the require- 
ments of God in the holy book from which they drew the rules, 
maxims, and motives of their lives — and, though they were not 
professionally devoted to the instruction of their fellow-citizens as 
clergymen — yet ' the sanctity of the priest,' as well as the integrity 
of the Christian magistrate, must be acknowledged to shine in 

And such men, men of such stamp and metal our country and 
every country demands. No other is equal, properly considered, 
to the task and responsibility of government. And wo to our na- 


U »n when these enduring qualities are neglected- or discsteemed — ■ 
,., Iiciij concerning a candidate for office, it shall not be the last of 
in i nines but the first, ' is he honest, is ho capable 1 ; 

Your investigations, Gentlemen, will disinter the precious gems 
which formed the ornaments in the crown of former worthies, and 
reMorc them to their primeval lustre. They will, I trust, display 
to their multiplied descendants an example the more precious, as 
infidelity and corruption, which God forbid ! shall increase and 
abound among us. They will hold up to view a model for our 
own statesmen, which all of them, from the highest to the least 
influential, will do well to notice. 

Our subject becomes a serious one. Nor would I have it other- 
wise. Serious responsibilities rest on us. We are set forth as a 
spectacle to the world — and not merely to the world which we he- 
h )M. but to our sainted ancestry, who, for aught we can tell, are 
yet interested, and that most deeply, in the purity, integrity and 
permanent usefulness of their highly-privileged posterity. 

It was a maxim with a heathen poet, that ' the brave spring 
from the brave and good.' * Still, it is a question of some moment, 
shall we encourage family-distinctions? Is not our system of gov- 
ernment, republican as it is, opposed to all such exclusive marks 
of eminence 7 And then comes the dreaded name of aristocracy. 
Aristocracy? — and what is aristocracy? Not simply family dis- 
tinction, in consequence of descent. This is but one form of supe- 
riority. There is an aristocracy of office — to which a line of 
Cj aidiax may apply : 

1 None haughtier than the poor when raised to power,' | — ■ 

an aristocracy of learning and talent — an aristocracy of wealth, 
as we have seen, acknowledged and felt by all, and eagerly sought, 
and even an aristocracy of gracefulness and beauty, of no less pre- 
tensions. And, notwithstanding laws and customs, these distinc- 
tions will exist. Nor do they interfere, nor need they, with the 
Maintenance of law. Other republics have existed, and have yet 
cherished family distinctions. Venice, Switzerland, Geneva and 
Holland are modern examples. And many of our immigrants 
have, a long time since, and onward, brought badges of distinction 
with them, and indulge the harmless vanity — am I to call it? — of 
keeping them. The badges to which I allude are coats of arms; 

* ' Fortes creantur fortibus et bonis.' Hor. 

t ' Asperius nihil est huraili quum sur^it in ahum.' 


Which have, indeed, their use, and an important use when au- 
thentic, in identifying families, and proving descents. 

In these, our friends of New York are advanced before us al- 
ready, and have a system, brief however, published and in circu- 
lation. And, if its representations are admitted, our Washington 
was not only of noble but royal lineage — and an admirable repre- 
sentative, it must be acknowledged, of regal dignity--' one of na- 
ture's nobles.' 

But, Gentlemen, this is a question which, doubtless, you will 
scrutinize, for it admits of contradiction; and must be proved, if 
proved at all, by diligent and accurate research : Mapleson and 
Burke, and our own Sparks, as also the distinguished herald, 
Heard, and Washington himself being at variance. 

If, however, on these points difficulty be apprehended, and a 
discordance of opinion prevail, let it be our endeavor to raise the 
depressed to an equality, so far as may be, with the most exalted, 
by the general extension of moral and literary culture, begun by 
the venerated fathers of New England, and transmittted to their 
offspring with earnest and sedulous care. Nor need this be re- 
garded as a mere Utopian proposition. It is truly republican, and 
in actual process of experiment — and it is as truly Christian — al- 
though it need not extend to the vagaries of socialism. Let but 
labor be regarded with esteem and respect — as in fact it is by no 
small part of our great community ; and, by its success in procuring 
the comforts of life, and the privileges of the social state, is still 
likely to become more so — then may future generations carry on 
the designs and efforts of the early fathers of our Commonwealth 
to their ultimate completion, in the establishment of a high and 
useful civilization, such as has not heretofore blessed mankind. 





O N WEDNES D AY, J A N U A R Y 12, 18 5 


No. 37, Congress Street. 

I 8 5 3. 








BOS T O N : 


No. 37, Congress Street. 

1 853. 

Punted and published at the request, and in pursuance of a vote of the Society, by 






Gentlemen of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society : 

Entering upon the duties of the Presidency of tin's Association, 
I should violate my sense of propriety if I fail to acknowledge the 
kindness which has prompted you to confer upon me this unmer- 
ited honor. 

Of those whom I see around me, some have devoted not only 
the energy of youth, but the maturer years of manhood, to labo- 
rious researches in historic lore. Some have already won " golden 
opinions" — the just reward of successful literary enterprise ; — oth- 
ers, by persevering toil and study, are now laying, in silence and 
privacy, the foundations of many valuable works. 

To me, the unceasing duties of a profession, always too engross- 
ing, have left comparatively little opportunity for such researches ; 
but they have spared me time enough to appreciate the rich treas- 
ures already garnered up, by other hands, in this storehouse of an- 
tiquities — time enough to look with earnest desire upon the wide 
and waving harvest, which now stands ready for the reaper's 
sickle — time enough to be penetrated with profound respect for 
those who have done so much to elucidate the early genealogy 
and history of New England, — and to acquire a deep interest in 
the welfare and prosperity of this honorable Society. These facts 
constitute the only excuse I can offer for consenting to occupy, in 
this Association, the position to which your unexpected partiality 
has called me. 

What, Gentlemen, are the purposes for which this Institution 
was formed, and why is it entitled to our favorable regard ? The 
answer may be briefly stated. 

1. To investigate, record and preserve the genealogies of every 
family belonging to the New England States, and to furnish the 


means of tracing the descendants of all the Pilgrims and early 
settlers in either of the colonies. 

'I. The writing of complete and accurate histories of every town 
and city in these States, where such works have not yet been 
produced, and the collection and preservation of all the materials 
now in existence, which can throw light upon the history of either 
of these towns, or of any ancient inhabitant thereof. 

3. The collection, preservation and transmission of the records 
of those facts which will illustrate the history of the present time, 
now easily obtained, and which will he of service to the future 

It may be said that the study of genealogy is uninteresting and 
useless — that it is calculated only to flatter a foolish vanity — that 
there is nothing in it which elevates the morals or improves the 
understanding — that it makes no difference to us who our ances- 
tors were, or what were their peculiarities of mental or physical 
constitution — that the value and respectability of every one de- 
pends upon his personal merits — that in this country, if not else- 
where, there are no hereditary rights which render a knowledge 
of one's ancestry cither necessary .or desirable. 

It must be admitted that the study of genealogy will never be- 
come a popular pursuit, and that these views have no little plausi- 
bility when presented to unreflecting minds. 

But let those, who imagine the study of genealogy to be unin- 
teresting, watch the movements of one of that class whom we 
call " thorough-going genealogists/' and they will soon be unde- 
ceived. Behold him, poring over dusty tomes, forgetful of all 
that is passing around him, — translated into some ancient epoch — 
living and almost conversing with those who have laid for centu- 
ries under crumbling gravestones — a restless traveller, journeying 
hither and thither, as if he were searching for some hidden treas- 
ure — descending into tombs — climbing into forsaken attics — ran- 
sacking mouldering bundles of papers, and earnestly questioning 
old men and matrons — recording and preserving every fact or date 
as if it w T ere his title deed to the realms of bliss ; — then see him 
stretching out his golden chain of lineal descent, all complete and 
perfect excepting one missing link ; — look upon his clouded and 
anxious brow — his renewed search— his long-continued and excit- . 

;t,<. ; ' labor, — hear his shout of joy when lie at last finds the lost 
jewel: — and then you will not pronounce his pursuits uninter- 
c$lin<z. ]Sfo game of chance is more absorbing, fascinating, or 
exciting than this. Call the genealogist "crazy/' if you will, but 
no not call him dull, or .his labor unattractive. 

Who are they that assert the knowledge of genealogy to be use- 
less ? Those who never read history. How can any one under- 
stand the secret motives or the political manoeuvres of the states- 
man of Europe, not knowing the relationships of their leading 
families? Periods, whose history is most complicated, arc intelli- 
gible only by means of genealogical tables: for, family pride — 
the love of one's own blood — the reliance upon ties of kindred and 
consanguinity, have ever exercised a powerful influence : and the 
genealogical table sometimes comes in to solve, with gratifying 
simplicity, those enigmas in political history which, without this 
aid, would have been impenetrable. If the genealogy of royal 
families and of statesmen must be ascertained in order to render 
intelligible the annals of a nation, so must the relationships of 
families be made known in order to explain many of the occur- 
rences in the history of towns. Thus genealogy is the corner 
stone of Jiistory. 

Reflecting men* usually desire to know something of their own 
ancestors. This desire is not founded in vanity. It oftener arises 
from feeling ashamed of being ignorant upon such a subject. All 
past events have some bearing upon what is to come. The past is 
parent of the future. If this be so, as respects nations, it is so in 
reference to individuals. As all the peculiar characteristics of a 
people have resulted from antecedent causes, so the peculiarities 
of the individual are often the result of the combined elements of 
the mental and physical constitution of his ancestors. No man 
knows himself so well but that he may learn more by scrutinizing 

* In the midst of his duties as President of the United States, in 1792, George 
Washington found time to collect and write out the genealogy of his family. See his 
Letter to Sir Isaac Heard. — Sparks' s Life of Washington. 

i; I have ever had a pleasure in obtaining any little anecdotes of my ancestors,'-* 
u rites Benjamin Franklin in his Autobiography. " You may remember the inquiries 
I made among the remains of my relations when you were with me in England, and 
th« journey I undertook for that purpose." — Sparhs's Life of Franklin. 


! ! 

the lives of his progenitors. The faults, the vices, the weakness, 
the strength, the virtues of the father of a family, do not end in 
himself. Abolishing the law of primogeniture scattered rich men's 
fortunes, but human legislation could not touch that law of our 
race which ordains that your children's children shall be the better 
for your virtues and the worse for your sins. In this point of 
view, the study of genealogy has a far higher object than to gratify 
an idle curiosity. 

They who care nothing for their ancestors are wanting in respect 
for themselves : they deserve to be treated with contempt by their 
posterity. Those who respect and venerate the memory of their 
forefathers, will be led. not by vanity, but by filial affection, — by a 
pious reverence to treasure up their memories. 

What descendant of the Pilgrims, or of the honest yeomanry of 
New England, having no higher motive of conduct, would not 
feel stung with shame at the thought that the good name of his 
family should be disgraced by him? Every virtuous ancestor puts 
us under bonds to our posterity ; and he thai is duly sensible of 
what he owes to the past and to the future, will rarely fail to per- 
form his duties to the present. There is no danger in lending 
strength to every motive that prompts to honorable actions. 

As the country grows older, the interest felt in genealogical 
studies is becoming more general. The time will come when it 
will be considered more fortunate to be able to trace one's lineage 
to the early Pilgrims, than to the race of any of the royal families 
of Europe. And few will be found, with any considerable educa- 
tion, who will not desire to know all that can be ascertained in 
relation to the earliest members of their family on this side of the 
ocean. How can these genealogies be ascertained if we linger a 
few more years until the unsparing hand of time has destroyed 
{he ancient family records, wills and documents, erased the inscrip- 
tions on the tombstones, — till fire, and water, and mould, and stu- 
pid indiiTerence have made way with the last traces of written 
evidence ? It will be found that the relationships between the 
Pilgrims and their descendants cannot be traced or proved — it will 
be lost forever. An impassable gulf will yawn between these 
ancient and modern times, spanned only by the treacherous and 
uncertain bridge of conjecture. 

Every year is advancing the work of destruction. We can now 
save only scattered fragments. Suppose that this Society had 
been instituted on the landing of the Pilgrims in 1G20 ; that ev~ 
cry important record had been preserved ; every marriage, birth, 
death and descent had been duly recorded ; all books written on 
this side of the ocean had been collected, and some sketch of the 
lives of each of the leading men in the colony, as well as a mem- 
orandum of their birthplaces and families in England, together 
with some account, however brief, of the real estates they owned 
or occupied here ; — how interesting would such a library be to us! 
What volumes of conjectures would have been rendered unneces- 
sary ; what light would be thrown upon the history of families; 
how many spots would have become classic ; how grateful should 
we feel for this priceless bequest to us, their posterity ! 

Now let us remember that we stand towards those who succeed 
us in the same relation as that in which they stood to us ; but we 
have the twofold duty to gather up the torn and mutilated rem- 
nants of the history of years that have passed, and to transmit 
these, together with the complete record of our own times, to our 

It is one of the ends of our Society to accomplish this great 
work ; and, as the Herald's College in London is visited by 
Lnglishmen who desire to ascertain their pedigree, so shall this 
Library be sought for to show the descents of those Americans 
who claim to have in their veins the noble blood of the Puritans. 
And soon the time will have passed away when it will be possi- 
ble to obtain any evidence of some of the most important histori- 
cal facts. Regrets for their loss, however profound, will be una- 

If the present generation disappears without preserving the 
records of the facts which show our connection with the Pilgrims, 
no wealth, no industry, can ever supply the deficiency. It will 
be hopeless to attempt to recover the records of wanting facts. 
Even now, it is with difficulty that many families can trace up 
their genealogies to the first settlers, with the aid of the oldest liv- 
ing witnesses, who bear in their memories the only traditionary evi- 
dence of tacts which have not been recorded, What will be the 
despair of those who come after us, if these ancient men are in 


their graves, and all their recollections of their early youth and 
of transmitted facts arc buried with them ! 

It is of little importance that Farmer's Register and other works 
of similar character have preserved some accounts of many early 
families, if the connecting link between them and their descend- 
ants is missing. The disheartening phrase, " Supposed to be 
descended from," will unhappily too often appear in the genea- 
logical table. These connecting families should at once be re- 
corded, and not a single year should be allowed to pass before 
attempting to carry out some plan for that purpose. 

Let it not be thought that we are working for ourselves alone : 
nor for those only who are now living ! But let us remember 
that thousands yet unborn will bless the pious hands that rescued 
from oblivion or destruction these precious records. Nor is it to 
New England only that we devote our labor and our efforts. The 
star of empire has risen in the western sky, and its trail of light 
streams across the continent, touching the rock of Plymouth, upon 
the Atlantic coast. There her first beams were kindled ; that 
was her birthplace. To Plymouth, to Massachusetts, the thou- 
sands who have left our shores, and the tens of thousands who 
have descended from them, will look with pious and filial affec- 
tion, as the birthplace of their ancestors. And the sons of the 
Western States will fuel a manly pride in tracing their descent 
from the Christian founders of New England. 

Our duty is to gather and preserve those sybilline leaves, which 
every passing breath may scatter and destroy. 

2d. The second and not less important object of our Associa- 
tion relates to the History of New England, from the day when 
the first Northman hovered upon our coast, down to the present 
hour. That history must be written. Much has already been 
accomplished ; yet, when we reflect that we are now, as a 
people, more than two and one-third centuries old ; that we 
have had learned colleges, literary and historical societies many 
years in existence, whose peculiar duty it has been to push their 
researches into every nook and corner of historic inquiry, and 
when we see what an amount of facts heretofore unnoticed 
have been brought to light within a very few years past, we 
cannot but lament that those who were watchmen on the towers 

of learning should have slept soundly through many a lustrum ; 
that they should have let slip so many golden opportunities, now 
forever lost ; that they have left to the men of the present day the 
herculean task of repairing the crumbling ruins which they have 

What they left undone we must do, and the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Society will see to it that there shall 
he, sooner or later, a Local History of every Town in New Eng- 
land, as complete and perfect as can he made, by all the means 
which now are or shall hereafter be attainable. 

Gentlemen, this is a great work. Its accomplishment will re- 
quire years of laborious research, the united and determined elfort 
of hundreds of scholars and writers, the energetic aid of all the 
friends of learning, the countenance and support of the commu- 

This work is already nobly begun ; I see around me authors 
whose names will go down to posterity with honor, identified 
with the places whose early fortunes they have recorded. 

When I reflect upon the untiring industry, the patient resolu- 
tion, the wide knowledge of cotemporary events, the critical ex- 
amination and analysis of conflicting authorities, and the solid 
judgment required in order to ascertain the facts of the history of 
a single town, I cannot doubt that such labors may give scope to 
the highest faculties of the educated mind. Indeed, to collect the 
materials, and write a good town history, is itself an education ; 
and he who succeeds in doing it need not show us any University 

Let us see, gentlemen, that due honor is paid to those who have 
enrolled themselves in this phalanx, this body-guard of history. 
In paying them due honors we do but show proper respect for 

The annals of every town must be written. Look at the map 
of these six states, and see how small a part of this historic land 
has thus far been explored. How few writers have yet appeared. 

* It is not easy to overestimate the value of the researches in American history 
n 'i.le by the Massachusetts Historical Society. Comprising among its members 
r>ames most distinguished in the annals of American literature, it is entitled to the 
te:peei and gratitude of every scholar and antiquary. 




How wide an area is at this hour unoccupied. How many mines. 
whose golden gates are yet unopened to the light, are only await- 
ing the antiquary's magic wand!* 

We must find means to awaken the interest of some leading" 
scholar in every town and village. Let him know what we are 
doing, what help we can afford, and induce him to begin the 
work ; to collect materials and furnish them to us, so that we may 
have within the four walls of this Library the Records essential 
for every local history, and so that, until such histories are com- 
pleted, we can preserve memorials of the facts from the danger of 
loss, and furnish them to all inquirers. 

With these advantages our Society will centralize the means 
of obtaining knowledge upon these subjects. 

Every one will know where to come, in order most advanta- 
geously to prosecute these researches ; and, as the modes of con- 
veyance are now so cheap and expeditious, there is no place more 
accessible to the people of New England than the capital. Boston 

* It is difficult to ascertain with precision the number of New England Town 
Histories now published j since it is not certain that they are all to be found in our 
libraries. Not a few pamphlets, sermons, discourses, and orations have been issued, 
not aspiring to the dignity of history, and yet furnishing valuable materials. 

It is believed that far the most complete collection of works of this description, 
illustrating local history of New England towns, has been made by Samuel G. Drake, 
Esq., author of several valuable works on the American Indians, and of the History of 
Boston, now in course of publication. 

Judging from this collection, and such other means as at this moment are within 
my power to obtain, the number of towns in Massachusetts of which " Histories" have 
been written will not much exceed sixty-one : Of the remaining towns, sixty-nine have 
been the subject of discourses, more or less historical : leaving at least, one hundred 
and eighty-three towns, whose annals are as yet unwritten. 

Plymouth, Worcester and Berkshire counties, have each a History ; the latter two 
taking up each town by itself. These are not included in the above statement. 

And as the History of a single town sometimes embraces brief accounts of adjoin- 
ing towns, and contains many facts relating to other neighboring towns ; and as 
there may have been no inconsiderable number of more or less important works 
which have escaped recollection, or were never known to the writer, this estimate 
may prove far from exact ; but it is certain that not less than two-thirds of these 
towns are as yet without Historians. 

Massachusetts is far in advance of either of the other New England States, in this 
respect ; and it is believed that she has produced more Local Histories than all these 
states. If so, it will be seen that not one-tenth part of the work proposed to be done 
is yet begun. 



itself would add to its reputation, by the acquisition of a Library, 
which would be useful to so many antiquarian scholars.* 

Already we have obtained many works peculiarly interesting to 
the Historian and Genealogist. 

A large number of Town Histories are now collected ; a con- 
siderable number of manuscripts, (which, if lost, it would be im- 
possible to replace,) documents, papers, pamphlets, bound and' 
unbound, crowd our overloaded shelves. Donations come to us 
from various parts of this country, and from Europe. No gentle- 
man who gives us a book shall ever be forgotten. 

But much labor is to be done to render these rich treasures 
available. Books must be arranged, indexed, catalogued, and 
ample accommodations prepared for the enlargement of our Libra- 
ry, and for facilitating the labors of those who wish to use it. Of 
this it is not now necessary to say a word. I find among our 
friends a determination to do what ought to be done. 

But the building up of our Library, the completion of all its 
departments, by supplying the works that arc wanted, is a serious 
undertaking. This also will be done. 

And the first step towards doing it is to make known to the 
public what we stand in need of; the next is, to give assurance 
that whatever Donations are made to this Corporation will be 
permanently preserved, and handed down to posterity. 

* The Historic-Genealogical Society has been organized about seven years. And 
during this period it has published six volumes of its Register, containing about 
2500 pages. It is the unanimous opinion of Genealogists and Antiquaries, that no 
work of equal extent has been published in this country, which will compare with 
this in value, to those who are engaged in investigations of this description. Its 
complete indexes make its contents readily accessible. Among the works of our 
members recently produced, the "Histories of Shrewsbury," « Roxbury," that invalua- 
ble work, the "Book of the Indians," the " 100 Boston Orators; 1 the " Genealogies of the 
Families of Ward," and of " Prentice," the " History of New Ipswich," and of many 
other works of smaller size, might be enumerated. At least an equal number of 
works by members of this Association, are now in progress ; of which it is but justice 
Jo the author to mention the magnificent " History of Boston" by the Corresponding 
secretary. The extensive and important labors of our highly respected representative 
ltx England, Horatio Gates Somekbv, Esq., have contributed largely to the elucida- 
tion of the early history of New England Families. If so much has been done in the 
infancy of this Society, what may we not hope for when the plans now organizing 
for the development of all its powers and resources shall be carried into full opera- 


We wish to procure for, the Library, every Town History 
which has been written, and every pamphlet or sermon relating to 
any Town History. 

The complete genealogy of every New England family, so far 
as it can be ascertained. 

All the Biographies yet written, illustrating the lives and 
characters of any persons originating in either of these six states. 

Every book, pamphlet or manuscript, of every description, writ- 
ten by any New England author. 

Complete Records of each Town and Parish. 

Copies or abstracts of all Wills and Deeds, (so far as relates 
to the recitals of relationship, or to facts of interest,) or, at least, 
we want copies of the Indexes of the parties to these Wills and 

Records of all the Births, Marriages and Deaths. 

Copies of all inscriptions on tombstones and monuments. 

Copies (or the originals.) of all records relating to the Old 
Indian Wars, the Revolution, or that of 1812, including enroll- 
ments, payrolls, lists of companies, commissariats' and quarter- 
masters' accounts, and every other document in relation to these 

Lists of officers and crews of vessels, engaged in our naval ser- 
vice during these eventful periods. 

Copies of old charters, records, government contracts, passengers 
in vessels to and from America, before 1700, to either of the Colo- 

Lists of names of members of all societies, private, public or 
political, including legislators, &.c. 

Catalogues of all the Libraries of Europe and America. 

Directories of all Towns and Cities. 

Guide Books and Almanacs, especially those containing memo- 
randa of EVENTS. 

Complete files of Newspapers published in New England. 

Histories of Colleges and Literary Institutions, and Catalogues 
of Students, Class Books, Records and Histories, and copies of 
Records of Societies in Colleges. 6cc. 

Drawings and Descriptions of Ancient Houses, Monuments, 
Churches, Implements of Agriculture, or of War, or of Domestic 

• -T-J 


Ancient engravings of the portraits of .New England people, or 
original or copied oil paintings, or statuary. 

All the Histories of the Counties of England. 

Copies of Coats of Arms, and Mottoes, and Books of Heraldry, 
and all other means of tracing or identifying families. 

Originals, or copies of Letters and Correspondence, which may 
give any information as to the writers, or any other person belong- 
ing to New England, in ancient times. 

We want every document that can throw light upon the life, 
character or times of any individual of New England origin. 

Finally, we want, in order to do justice to the present and 
and future, as well as to the past, to keep a complete record of the 
births, marriages and deaths, and descents of every person in 
"Sew England. 

Also, of all the statistical information which will be needed 
hereafter, to exhibit the progress of the country in any of those 
departments which are the proper subject of historic inquiry. 

It will be at once seen, that Ave have an arduous and compre- 
hensive work before us; one which none of us will live to see 
fully accomplished. But it is worthy to be undertaken. It is 
one which, (when its importance is known,) will draw around us 
a host of coadjutors. Each one of us can do something : each 
can invite his friends to do something ; steady perseverance and 
united effort will work wonders. 

Our labors are not for ourselves ; they arc disinterested. Not a 
snigle person can be found who has joined our ranks for the pur- 
pose of ambition or of gain. Your nights of toil are witnessed 
only by the midnight lamp; your reward is only the conscious- 
ness of adding to the stock of human knowledge and happiness, 
by saving from oblivion the perishing records of the past, while 
you kindle in our bosoms the flame of pious veneration for the 
really great and good who have gone before us. We care 
nothing for the rank or title of our ancestors ; it matters little 
whether they held the plough, wielded the sword, preached the 
gospel, or grasped the axe of the pioneer. If they were of the 
noble race who left all that was dear to them in Old England, for 
the Kike of " freedom to worship God, after the dictates of their 
own conscience/' and " to found a government more in consist- 


ence with their love of independence/' these were the men whose 
names yon intend to perpetuate, with the honor which belongs to 
the grandeur of their moral character. Their blood, flowing in 
the veins of their descendants shall, where men shall judge justly. 
be deemed more honorable than that of the Norman Conqueror of 

Thus you will bind together the most distant parts of our Union 
(wherever the sons of New England are scattered,) by reminding 
them of the birthplace of their ancestors, and by strengthening the 
ties of kindred, which cannot fail to awaken their affection. You 
will enlarge and perpetuate the influence of that sound morality 
and public virtue upon which this Christian Commonwealth was 
founded, and upon which alone its safety rests. 

Whatever tends in any degree to such results, is worthy of your 
most earnest efforts. 

Let us endeavor, Gentlemen, that every passing hour shall 
record some advancement towards the completion of that noble 
work, whose corner stone this honorable Society has already 




FOR 1853. 


Vice President, 

Correspo n ding" Secretary, 

Recording Secretary, 



George Adams, 
Charles Adams, Jr., 
A. Bronson Alcott, 
Samuel Andrews, 
W. T. Andrew^, 
John I. Baker, 
Charles J. F. Binney, 
Jonathan P. Bishop, 
John II. Blake, 
Sylvester Bliss, 
Samuel J. Bridge, 
J. B. Bright, 
Henry Bright, 
Francis Brinley, 
William G. Brooks, 

Henry C. Brooks, 
William H. Chase, 
Isaac Child, 
Addison Child, 
N. W. Coffin, 
Daniel C. Colesworthy 
William W. Cowles, 
Henry Davenport, 
Isaac Davis, 
Adolphus Davis, 
Charles Deane, 
William R. Deane, 
John Dean, 
E. B. Dearborn, 
B. Homer Dixon, 



John Doane, 

Samuel G. Drake, 

Edward Everett, 

Charles Ewer, 

Timothy Earrar, 

Stephen T. Earwell. 

Albert Fearing, 

Joseph R. Felt, 

William YV. Greenough, 

Erederic T. Gray, 

David I Iamb] en, 

Luther M. Harris, 

William T. Harris, 

William Hayden, 

Guy C. Haynes, 

John P. Ilealey, 

Waldo Higginson, 

Alinon D. Hodges, 

Samuel IT. Jenks, 

Samiiel Jennison, 

Andrew Jobonnott, 

Henry H. Jones, 

William U. Kelley, 

Erederic Kidder, 

Abbott Lawrence, 

Amos A. Lawrence, 

Thomas Jl. Leavitt, 

Charles S. Lincoln, 

F. W. Lincoln, Jr., 

Solomon Lincoln, 

William Lincoln, 

John G. Locke, 

Charles G. Loring, 

James S. Loring, 

George H. Lyman, 

Alexander MeClure, 

Jonathan Mason, 

Lyman Mason, 

William P. Mason, 

Charles 2\Iayo, 

George W. Messenger, 

John G. Metcalf, 

Francis N. Mitchell, 

Martin Moore, 

Joseph Moulton, 

Alexander Le Baron Munroe, 

Lucius R. Paige, 
Joseph Palmer, 
John W. Parker, 
William Parsons, 
Richard Pitts, 
Moses Plimpton, 
Alfred Poore, 
Frederic W. Prescott, 
Thorn .s Prince, ■ 
E. E. Pratt, 
Alon/.o H. Quint, 
Samuel II. Riddell, 
Benjamin P. Richardson, 
John R. Rollins, 
Lucius M. Sargent, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Nathaniel R. ShurtlefT, 
Artemas Simonds, 
Thomas C. Smith, 
Horatio G. Somerby, 
Jared Sparks, 
Ebenezer S. Stearns, 
Baron Stow, 
William II. Sumner, 
William Sutton, 
Samuel Swett, 
William S. Thatcher, 
J. Wingate Thornton, 
William B. Towne, 
Enoch Train, 
William B. Trask, 
Edward Tuckerman, 
T. Larkin Turner, 
George B. Upton, 
J. Huntington Walcott, 
Amasa Wnlker, 
William M. Wallace, 
Andrew II. Ward, 
H. B. Wheelwright, 
William Whiting, 
Marshall P. Wilder, 
Joseph Willard, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Justin Winsor, 
Joseph W. Wright. 


: ( 

T ' «■ 

1 r\ j\ t> 17 Q ; 


O k3 

lLIV E 1{ K U AT T J i E ANNUA], \J E E T J X 

N" E W E K" G L A. IsT D 



January 20th, 185 8 


A.}] [J EL G. DRAKli 


1. A 





Nos. S3 and 35, Congress Street. 






historical mxft (Snicalagica! ^urietg, 



January 20th, 1858. 

13 y SAMUEL G. DRAKE, M. A., 


"-* TH 

rr "* ' " 





C H 1 C 

A 3 \) 



Nos. 33 cud 35, Congress Street. 



Gentlemen : — The few remarks I have to make will occupy but 
a small portion of the time of this evening ; and, with your kind 
indulgence, I will, in a plain way, without formality, proceed with 
tliem: observing, by the way, that it is quite embarrassing to be 
placed in the position I now happen to occupy, — a place so lately 
and so ably filled by the talented and eloquent gentleman' who 
declines a further service. 

In the first place, I beg to tender to you, gentlemen, my hearty 
thanks for this mark of your confidence and favor ; and while I 
accept the place of President of this highly important and ex- 
tensively useful institution, I must at the same time observe, — I do 
so with very great diffidence ; but, gentlemen, you all well know, 
so far as you can know anything about it, — that the presidential 
chair of this Society was never sought by me. However, as your 
committee of nomination were disposed unanimously to nominate 
me, and as you have seen lit to confirm that nomination by an 
flection, I feel it my duty to submit to the decision. 

1 was content to be a common laborer in the historical field, and 
to remain a soldier in the antiquarian ranks, but you have deter- 
mined otherwise, and I acquiesce with no other protest than that 
which I am about to make. One nearly worn out in any service, 
can do little for its advancement. I therefore can promise little, 
nay, very little, though with your aid and encouragement I hope 
to do something. 

We all have our fortes, or hobbies, if you will. All men are 
tilted by nature and training to till certain spheres or stations in 
life, while at the same time it is wisely ordered that all men are 
not fitted for the same occupation. Some maybe good mechanics, 
while others never can be. Some may be good public speakers, 
while others will ever appear to great disadvantage in attempts of 
that nature. So, one man may make an excellent soldier, but a 
very indifferent general. Long and tried services in the ranks, 

For a moment I will advert to the collection of books and m: 
scripts in our Library. Of their value it is not necessary to sav a 
single word. As 1 have referred to this collection, I wish par- 
ticularly to impress upon the minds of all present, that they shew] i 
encourage contributions of books, pamphlets, as well as manu- 
scripts, of every description. Fur who can estimate the value a 
single pamphlet or letter may bo to somebody at some time \ 

To illustrate this by a brief example. Several years ago, a 
gentleman was getting together materials for a history of an in- 
land town of some importance. He knew that a few persons who 
had lived in the town had been authors of some small treatises. 
One work in particular, by an old revolutionary soldier, he v< 
much desired to see ; in fact, he could not make, his history with- 
out the use of the work in question. It was a mere pamphlet of 
a few leaves, badly written, badly printed, and everything, it may 
be, bad about it. All that was nothing; the history could not bo 
completed without it. The gentleman had applied to old resi- 
dents for this bad pamphlet, They had all heard of it, many of 
them had read it years before, but not a copy could be found. At 
length a copv was heard of in possession of a great collector of 
books and pamphlets in a distant State, and a journey was resolved 
upon, as the only means of relief from the difficulty in which the 
writer of the history of the town found himself. This journey 
was prevented only by the accidental discovery of a copy nearer 
home. Thus a cost of some twenty dollars was avoided, which, 
but for the timely discovery, must have been incurred, merely for 
the privilege of a brief examination of an old and almost forgotten 

Now, we may have a thousand pamphlets in our library intrin- 
sically of more value than the one in question. Some person, at 
some day, may have as great a desire to see each of them, as the 
historian just mentioned did to sec that which brought this cir- 
cumstance to my mind. And the same may be said of the thou- 
sands yet to be deposited in these archives. 

1 have been influenced to remark upon this case, because some 

worthy members anions us have been inclined to discourage de- 
initions, giving as a reason that we have already too much of what 

they have been pleased to term useless lumber in our way, and 

because much of what has been given does not contain historical 

or genealogical information. This should not be so; for every 

book, tract or pamphlet is, in itself, a historical item. Because 


uii.j i)i' this description has nothing about it immediately to our 
purpose, is no argument for its rejection by us. Somebody is the 
author or writer of every such work, and everybody belongs to 
MMiobody's genealogy. Hence; in preparing a history of a town, 
or a pedigree of a family, the person preparing such work will 
always be gratified to know if any individual, in cither case, did 
ever produce a literary work of any kind ; if so, such work is a 
part of the history of a town, and also of an individual. That ivc 
attach no value to such literary production, amounts to nothing at 
all. Self-constituted judges in such cases should remember that 
others have the same right to judge as ourselves, and that they 
will be very apt to reverse our decisions. 

In this connection 1 would remark, concerning local histories, 
that writers of them should, as perfectly as possible, give lists of 
all printed documents concerning the localities of which, histories 
are prepared. 1 do not think this has ever been attended to as it 
should be. How many persons, belonging to any town, do you 
suppose could answer this question' — " How many works have been 
printed about your town and its people ?" 

A school book, a sermon, a controversial tract, a report of any 
society, school or corporation, or anything done in a town, belongs 
to its history, — and its history is the history of the individuals 
belonging to it. It was a primary object in view of the founders 
of this Society, to collect everything which could illustrate local 
as well as individual history — well knowing that from parts a 
grand whole is composed. And here I would ask. What can a 
general historian do without such parts? He may plod on like 
iiis predecessors, but his work will be comparatively useless. It 
may please for the hour by its style, but will never be preserved 
for reference. 

1 have been led to these remarks to prevent misconceptions, and 
to impress upon the minds of the members the importance of our 
collections already made, and that they may not remit their dili- 
gence in addimr to them. There is no fear of their becoming too 
!; "ge : fur the time will come when we, or our successors, will be 
enabled to assort, arrange and catalogue them, and thus make 
them available to all inquirers. 

V\ ith respect to more suitable accommodations, I will only re- 
* ;i; k. that no one could be more delighted than myself to see 
'"•'b accommodations, and to see the wishes of the members fully 
^ratified in that particular. But Ictus proceed in that matter 

with duo cam ion. AVe are now in a healthy slate of prosperity, 
which a single inconsiderate step might at once jeopardize. \Y • 
shall have those accommodations. Jt is only a question of time. 

Sooner than I would reject donations for the library, 1 would 
pack our apartment from floor to floor, and from wall to wall, 
until not even a mouse could find space to enter. ■ Yes, I would 
sooner retire to the door-steps and entry, and hold our meeting 
there, than to reject donations; for you may rely upon it that such 
an accumulation will do much, indirectly though it may be, to' 
provide itself with a shelter. 

Even a fragment, or few leaves of a rare book or tract, should 
not be rejected ; for it sometimes happens that, by two or three 
fragments, a complete work is made up. And let me tell you, 
gentlemen, that some of the rarest works in my own library have 
been obtained from imperfect or fragmentary works. I could give 
you some' examples of this kind within my experience, which, if 
time allowed, would amuse if not astonish, you. I will mention 
but one. Some twenty years ago there fell into my hands, among 
a large mass of pamphlets, a fragment of a little old quarto volume, 
printed in London "for Nath. Hillar, at the Princes-Arms, in 
Leaden-hall street, over against St. Mary-Ax, and Joseph Collyer, 
at the Golden Bible on London bridge," in the year 1700. .This 
fragment consisted of but four leaves. These leaves contained the 
title-page and preface of Robert Calef's " More AYondcrs of the 
Invisible World." I need not mention for the information of anti- 
quaries, that copies of the original edition of Calef's work have 
long been of very rare occurrence, and that copies bear a great 
price when they happen to be thrown into the market. And now 
for the sequel. 

• When I had kept this fragment of Calef some ten years or 
more, a bookseller in London forwarded to me for sale an invoice 
of scarce works. On casting my eye over the list, I found, marked 
at a trifling expense, " Calef's More Wonders of the Invisible 
World, bad copy and imperfect, two-and-sixpence." On examin- 
ing this "bad and imperfect copy," I found, to my agreeable sur- 
prise, that its badness consisted only in being a little dirty and 
water-stained, and its imperfection was precisely the very leaves I 
had had so long in my possession. 

Every student in New England history knows that Calef's work- 
is the standard, authority respecting the " Salem witchcraft;" but 
every one may not know that the work was so unpopular here. 



• ,. i ;i published, that not a bookseller in the town dared to keep 

fur sale! 

In regard to the valuable books, tracts and manuscripts in the 
|; rarv, I will suggest, that while we would make them as free as 
i> consistent with their safety, special regard should be had that 

• isc\ It e used carefully, and not subjected to be lost through the 
. ivlessness of some, or the covetousness or cupidity of any. A 

• jiitable, and in every respect reliable custodian, is of the first 
importance. Such a person cannot be had without a fair compen- 

• . iidii, and one of the first things to be done, in my judgment, is 
tn find the means to compensate such an officer. Such a person 
should not only be a good custodian, but, to be fully equal to the 
ciilice, he must be something of a scholar, must be one of us in 
i merest, must possess order and neatness, and lastly, he should bo 
, cultivator in our fields of research. Much, very much depends 
upon the gentleman entrusted with our archives. He sees more 
of the members of the Society than any other officer, being brought 
into daily intercourse with them in the way of his duty. He can 
do much for the Society in various ways. Strangers visiting the 
library constantly, gives him an opportunity to let them leave it 
with good impressions, and often with the good intention of adding 
!•• its collections. 

li" an institution is founded to be useful, it must have useful 
):. mbers — useful in some way. Hence, I say, the greater the 
number of members, the more good the institution can do. That 
a man can do as much work with one hand as he can with both, 
has always appeared to me a glaring absurdity ; or that one man 
!: ui do as much as ten men. For my part, I do not believe that 
any ten, even of our number, are quite smart enough to do as 

ich as all of us together. Neither will any of you, gentlemen, 
b lieve that a few individuals associated together for historical 
purposes, however smart they may be, are yet quite sufficient to 
d> all our historical and genealogical work for us. A small num- 
'■■'■• may associate themselves together and hedge themselves about, 
u trench themselves behind any amount of self-importance, and 
• •' that they can take care of the history of us all. That 
■ -■■line may do among the monks of Spain, even in the nine- 

-nth century, but it is ill suited to the institutions of the free 
tcs of America. 

Now, historical knowledge is valuable or it is worthless. If 
Gamble, why try to limit and circumscribe its means of useful- 


ness ? This Society was formed, by its original members, in tip; 
full belief that the knowledge brought to light by it. should ben - 
fit everybody who desired such knowledge. There wen;, there- 
fore, no limits allowed to be set as to the number who might 
incline to lend a hand in the undertaking; and hence, by en- 
rolling their names, it might be known that they appreciated the 
objects of it, and were ready to encourage it with whatever addi- 
tional advantage their names and services might give it. Jt was 
thought to be altogether too antiquated an idea to admit none 
into their ranks until they themselves were dead. 

No, gentlemen; instead of here and there an individual laborer, 
a mighty army of antiquaries is necessary to rescue the perishing 
records of the past. On a moment's reflection, every one of you 
will admit this; for who of you undertakes an investigation, and 
is not stopped almost in the very outset for want of the means to 
pursue it ? Who amonff you can clearly trace his progenitor to the 
father land ? It may be you may trace one line to the old world, 
perhaps two, but most of us have at this time sixty-four lines to trace 
there ! I therefore confidently assure you that there is work 
enough for us all, and all we can enlist to help us, even in ibis 
single branch of inquiry, to say nothing of other branches. 

This Society, it is extensively admitted, (though not as exten- 
sively admitted as the fact which I am about to mention is known.) 
is more favorably and widely known abroad than any other His- 
torical Society in Xew England, if not than any other in America. 
To what is this owing ? This is a question to which I propose to 
invite the special attention of the Society for a few moments. 

It is a question which deeply concerns every member of the 
Society, if they are members interested in its advancement. It 
being conceded that the Society has somehow acquired an impor- 
tance, every member of it should feel that he has individually 
done something for the acquirement of the merited distinction 
which it holds. 

Is it owing to the great names, and we have no lack of them, 
upon our list of members ? I distinctly si ate that this fact has 
very little, almost nothing to do with it. Is it owing to our col- 
lection of books and manuscripts? To splendid apartments for our 
meetings and our library? They arc not extensive enough to 
make any sensation abroad, and but little here. Cut let us recur 
to the main question, — To what is this importance of the Society 
owing ? The answer, gentlemen, is very brief, and as simple as it 


i- brief. }t is owing to a miserably supported periodical, now in 
its twelfth year, published under the sanction of this Society, 
railed the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 
(lentlemen, I know this to be so. My connection with this peri- 
odical, from its original inception to the present time, gives me 
the assurance with which I aver the fact. Nor am I alone in this 
estimate of the periodical to which your attention is called. 

Such being the case, how important it is that this periodical 
-In mid be sustained. Man}" valuable members of the Society have 
li >en introduced into it by their interest in that publication. They 
first became aware of the existence of the Society through that 
work. They had heard of it, subscribed for it, and thus became 
members of the Society. 

From the nature of the work in question, it cannot be popular, 
and therefore cannot be profitable in a pecuniary point of view. 
To make it so would be to reduce it to a par with common maga- 
zines, and works suited to nurseries. No one can desire this. No 
one can wish to have its pages crowded with matter foreign to the 
objects of the Society. Every one knows how difficult it is to 
consult works containing all sorts of matter, especially as such 
works soon, become repulsive from their bulky and overgrown 
appearance. A little consideration must satisfy nearly all of us 
that ordinary reading matter does not belong to its pages, and has, 
therefore, as far as possible, been excluded from them. As an 
illustration of this position, I refer you to the Gentleman's Maga- 
zine, — a periodical of which all of you must know something. 
That magazine has been published one' hundred and twenty-seven 
years, and comprises two hundred volumes. Now, there is scat- 
tered through that work a vast amount of historical and genca- 
logical information. But who of us can afford to possess those 
two hundred volumes? Yet, if all the articles to our purpose 
could be selected from them, and published by themselves, they 
would not, perhaps, extend to ten volumes. If this selection 
were made, (and no doubt it will be in coming years,) nearly all 
might secure them. 

The Historical and Genealogical Register, gentlemen, although 
sustained almost entirely by individual effort, is not an organ of 
:; ay particular persons, family or clique. Its pages are open to 
f dl who contribute matter approved of by the Society's committee 
" ; publication. Should it not, therefore, be a primary object with 
' '•;■;>' member of the Society to extend the circulation of its peri- 


odical ? Is there any more direct way to extend the usefulness 
of the Society ? I believe every gentleman who hears me will 
answer in the affirmative. 

I have been thus particular, gentlemen, in speaking of this 
solitary periodical, because there are many, notwithstanding its 
age, who have scarcely any knowledge of it. I call it a solitary 
periodical, because there is not a similar one in the world; fur thu 
simple and very good reason, that money cannot be made by them. 
There have been similar works started in England, -but, to use 
a periodical phrase, they died soon. Antiquarian and literary 
gentlemen of the present day in that country speak of the work 
with surprise and admiration, — surprise that such a work can he 
sustained in Republican America, and admiration at the extent 
of antiquarian and genealogical information contained in it ; 
remarking, at the same time, that " such a work cannot live in 

Gentlemen, they may well be surprised that such a work can be 
sustained here, and their surprise would be very far greater, if 
they knew how it is sustained. There are two gentlemen of 
the Society who have taken a few extra copies to help the work 
onward. Several others have done good service, by influencing 
their friends to become subscribers to it. The Society is under 
great obligations to all of these. 

It will be remembered that it was by an unanimous vote of the 
Society, last year, determined to make a slight alteration in its 
name ; that the President was made a Committee to petition the 
Legislature for that object. But the session of that body was so 
near at an end before be could attend to it, the matter was post- 
poned. It will at once be attended to. For the benefit of iicav 
members, I will observe, that the name proposed is "The New 
'England Historical and Genealogical Society/' This is in con- 
formity with the name of its Periodical. Tins name was immedi- 
ately adopted in all ordinary transactions, as may have been ob- 
served. The name Historic- Genealogical was never agreeable to 
the original members. They, with a single exception, contended 
that it did not express fully their objects. "Historic Genealogy" 
covers but a small portion of the ground intended; whereas His- 
tory and Genealogy was really what was considered to be compre- 
hended by it. 

Gentlemen, I have but a word more, and hope J have not broken 
down your patience. But let me again urge upon you the im- 


13- ' J 

portance of harmonious action; let us not be sanguine in new 
projects, nor disturbed if they are set aside by others. The good 
«,!' the Society is most likely to be with the intelligent majority, 
imd it is the duty of the minority to acquiesce, and to work 
heartily with them. 

As a lust word, let me urge upon the officers of the Society the 
«rreat importance of doing their duty, and doing it promptly. Let 
ilieni remember that, with a society as with an individual, every- 
thing depends upon its straightforward course, and the harmony 
and integrity with which all of its officers do their duty. To 
understand the economy of such an institution, requires some ex- 
perience in its service, and it is not to be expected but that gentle- 
men who have not had the opportunity to become informed, may 
draw conclusions unfavorable to its past and present progress. 
They may have a great many projects for the Society's advance- 
ment, — and they may be feasible projects under certain circum- 
stances, — but let us move with caution, and do what we do under- 
standingly. And, as I have before observed, our progress we 
know to be onward and our affairs healthy, and let us not jeopard- 
ize them by any doubtful experiments. 


Officers of the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Society for the Year 1858. 


Vice Presidents, 

Massachusetts. Hon. Francis Brixley of Boston. 

Maine. Hon. William Willis of Portland. 

Xo.v Hampshire. Hon. Noah Martin of Dover. 

Vermont. Rev. John Wheeler, D.D., of Burlington. 

Rhode Island. Hon. William Ii. Staples of Providence. 

Connecticut. Rev. Leonard Bacon, D. D., of New Haven. 

Honorary Vice Presidents, 
New York. Hon. Millard Fillmore of Buffalo. 

New Jersey. Hon. Joseph C. Hornblower of Newark. 
Pennsylvania. Hon. Samuel Breck of Philadelphia. 
Maryland. S. E. Strectcr, Esq., of Baltimore. 

North Carolina. Edward Kidder, Esq., of Wilmington. 
South Carolina. Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., of Charleston. 
Ohio. Hon. Elijah Hayward of McConnellsville. 

Michigan. Hon. Lev is Cass of Detroit. 

Indiana. Hon. Ballard Smith of Cannelton. 

Illinois. Hon. John Wentworth of Chicago. 

Wisconsin. Cyrus Woodman, Esq., of Mineral Point. 

Iowa. Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., of Davenport. 

Corresponding- Secretary, 
Rev. Samuel II. Riddel of Boston. 

Recording Secretary, 
William M. Cornell, M. D., of Boston. 

Mr. Isaac Child of Boston. 

Mi\ Edward Holden of Roxbury. 

JosE.rn Palmer, M. D., of Boston. 

Standing Committees : 

On Publication. j On Finance. 

Kev. William Jenks, D. D., of Boston. Sylvester Bliss, Esq., of Roxbury. 

Bon. Francis Brinley of Boston. J Mr. William E. Baker of Boston. 
Hon. Timothy Farrar of Dorchester. Jacob Q. Kettelle, Esq., of Boston. 

Mr. John Ward Dean of Boston. Mr. C Benj. Richardson of Boston. 

Mr. William II. Whitmore of Boston. I Mr. Isaac Child of Boston, (ex officio.) 

On the Library. 
Mr. Thomas J. Whittemore of Cambridge. 

William Makepeace, Esq., of Boston. 

Horace G. Barrows, M. D., of Boston. 
Mr. Edward S. Rand, Jr., of Boston. 
Mr. Edward Holden of Roxbury, (ex ojjicio.) 



New England Historical and Genealogical Society. 
F F 1 C E R S . 


^Charles Ewer, E?q., of Boston, Mass. - - - Jan. 1845, to Jan. 1850 

Ecv. Joseph Barlow Felt, LL.lL, of Boston, - - " 1850, to " 1S53 

William Whiting, Esq., of Eoxburv, - - - " 1853, to " 1S5< 

Samuel Gardner Drake, M. A., of Boston, - - " 1858. 

Vice Presidents, 

Lemuel Shattuek, Esq., of Boston, - - - Jan. 1845, to Jan. 185 
Rev. Lucius Robinson Paine, of Cambridge, 

Nathaniel B. Slmrtle'ff, M. D., of Boston, - 
Hon. Timothv Farrar, of Boston and Dorchester, - 
Hon. William Willis, of Portland, Me. - 
Hon. Noah Martin, of Dover, X. IT. .... 
Rev. John Wheeler, J). I)., of Burlinaton, Vt. 
Hon. William R. Staples, of Provid- nee, R. I. - 
♦Hon. Nathaniel Goodwin, of Hartfurd, Ct. 
Rev. Leonard Bacon, I). 1)., of Now Haven, Ct. - 
Hon. Francis Brinley, of Boston, ----- 

Honorary Vice Presidents, 
Hon. Millard Fillmore, of Buffalo, X. Y. 
Hon. Lewis Cass, LL.D., of Detroit, Mich. - 
Hon. Elijah Hayward, of Columbus and McConnelsville, O 
Hon. John "Wentworth, of Chicago, J 11. 
*Kev. John Lauris Blake. 1). D., of Orange, X. J. 
Hon. Samuel Breek, of Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sebastian Ferris Strecter, fXq., of Baltimore, Md. 

Edward Kidder, Esq., of Wilmington, N. C. 
Rev. Thomas Smyth, ]). 1)., of Charleston, S. C. 
Hon. Ballard Smith, of Cannelton, Ind. 

Cyrus Woodman, Esq., of Mineral Point, Wis. - 
Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, 1)~ ])., of Davenport, Iowa, - 

* Andrew Randall, Esq., of San Francisco, Cal. 
Hon. Joseph C. Hornblower, of Newark, N. J. 

Corresponding Secretaries, 

Samuel G. Drake, M. A., of Boston, - - - Jan. 1845, to Jan. 1850 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M. D., of Boston, - - " 1850, to " 1851 

Samuel G. Drake, JL A., " " - " 1851, to " 1853 

Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, " " - - " 185S. 

Recording Secretaries, 
John Wingate Thornton, LL.B., of Boston, - - Jan. 1845, to Mar. 1846 
Rev. Samuel II. Riddel, f< " Apr. 1846, to Jan. 1851 

Charles Mavo, Esq. " Jan. 1851, to " 1856 

Hon. Francis Brinley, " " " 1 85(3, to " 1857 

David Pulsifer, Esq. " " " 1857, to Aug. 1857 

John Ward Dean, Esq. " " Aug. 1857, to Jan. lt>5S 

William M. Cornell, M. D., " 

William Henry Montague, Esq., of Boston, - 
Frederic Kidder, Esq., " " 

John Want Dean, Esq., " " 

Isaac Child, Esq., " " 

Joseph Palmer, M. D., of Boston, 

Edmund Baoheldcr Dearborn, Esq., of Boston, 
David Pulsifer, Esq., of Boston, - - - - 
Thomas Bellows Wvman, Jr., Esq., of Charlestown 
William Blake Trad;. Esq., of Dorchester, - 
Rev. Luther Farhham, of Boston, - 

Thomas B. Wyman, Jr., Esq., of Charlestown, - 
Edward Holden, Esq., of Boxbury, - 
* Deceased. 



to " 




to " 



1 853, 

to " 










1 1 


to May 



. 1855. 














to July 

















I . 

i 856, 

to July 








to Jan. 




to " 




to " 


* i 






to Jan. 



to " 




to " 


i . 

1 852 

to Aug 




to July 

1 856 



to Jan. 


.1 an . 

1 853. 



From the formation of the Society in 1844, to March 1, 1858. 

* signifies deceased, 
t " membership changed, 
f " ceased to be a member. 

The residence given is that of the individual at the time of joining the Society. 
When no State is named, Massachusetts is understood. 


Benjamin V. French, Braintree. 

Edmund B. Dearborn, Boston. 
Thomas B. Wyman, Jr., Charlestown. 
William B. Trask, Dorchester. 

* Charles Ewer, Boston 


I. muel Shattuck, do. 

Samuel G. Drake, do. 

[ William 11. Montague, do. 

J. Wingate Thornton, do. 

James S. Loring, Boston. 
* William Ingalls, do. [*1851 

Samuel II. Riddel, do. 

I Frederick P. Tracy, Williamsburg, [J 1846 

N'athan'l B. Shurtleff, Boston. 

Charles Deane, 
: Chandler Robbins, 

Ed w a rd T u c k e r m a n , 
Lucius R. Paige, 
Andrew II. Ward, 


do. [| 1851 


West Newton. 

Win. W. Grecnough, Boston 

11 >ratio G. Somerby, do. 

Wm. Reed Deane, do. 

I David Reed, do. 

' ii ithan Mason, do. 

'Samuel T. Armstrong, do. 
[John Henshaw, Cambridg< 

1 Benjamin V. French, Braintree, 

William II. Sumner, Jamaica I 
i William J. Adams, Boston. 
; Thomas Bulhncb, do. 

I John G. Palfrey, do. 

: Charles II. Stedman, do. 

William P. Mason, do. 

'William P. Greenwood, do. 
JThomas Whittemore, Cambridge, [|1853 
'Frederick T. Gray, Boston, [*1855J 

Salomon Lincoln* Hingham. 

Hiam T. Harris. Cambridge, 1*1854! 


t James M. Robbins 
| George Win slow, 

Edward Everett, 
*Caleb Bates, 

Nathaniel W. Coffin, 



J: 1851 



t Wm. I. Buddington, Charlestown, [J 1848 








J 1852 
t 1 847 j 



J 1847 

[f 1850i 

[J 1849 


Thomas C. Smith 
t Josiah F. Leach, 

Isaac Child, 

John H. Blake, 

Samuel Swett, 
| Garland Turell, 

Zacheriah Eddy, 
*Abbott Lawrence, 
I George Livcrmorc 
J Samuel A. Eliot, 

Jared Sparks, 
J Caleb Eddy, 
J Horatio N." Otis, New York, N.l' 

Joseph W. Wright, Boston. 
J William T. Andrews, do. 

^William Cogswell, Boston, 
t*Daniel P. Parker, 
^Theodore Lyman, 
| Charles M. Ellis, 
t Edward E. Hale, 

Fred. W. Lincoln, Ji 
| Wm. T. G. Morton, 

Martin Moore, 

T. Larkin Turner, 
* William Savage, 
| Charles Stoddard, 
j Andrew Bigelow, 

Albert Fearing, 

f Joseph B. Felt, 

William Parsons, . 

George B. Upton, 
J Alex. W. McClure, 
t Charles C. P. Mood) 

ft 1852 

ft 1851 

[j 1849 


[t 1853 

s Abncr Phelps, Boston, 

■b-eph Willard, do. 
' Kdmund B. Dearborn, do. 

*'> uldo Iliirsrinson, do. 

•David Hamblen, do. 

' i i eis X. Mitchell, do. 

Ad -Iphus Diivis, do. 

William H. Kelley, do. 


[tlS58 ! 
[t 18531 

[t 18581 

Richard Frothingham, Jr., Charlestown. 
: William Thomas, Boston, [J1S49 

t William Thomas, Boston 

% Stephen P. Fuller, do. \\ 1849 

j Enoch Train, do. ft 1855 

*Harrison G. 0. Colby, N. Bedford, 1*1853 

\ Charles J. F. Binncy, Boston, [$ 1853 

Amos A. Lawrence, do. 

t Horatio II Hunnewell, do. [J 1852 

Benj. P. Richardson, do. 

*Simon Greenleaf, do. pi 853 

J Ed ward F. Hodges, do. [{1850 


William Sutton, Salem. 

J Theodore L. Howe, Boston, [$1849 

♦Ralph Haskins, Roxbury, [*1853 

♦Daniel Gilbert, Boston, i 1849 

| Baron Stow, do. [$1854 

Andrew Johonnot, do. 

♦Nathaniel M. Davis, Plymouth, [*1848 

Thomas II. Leavitt, Boston. 
♦Artemas Simonds, do. [*1854 

George W. Messenger, do. 

David Pulsifcr, do. 

Samuel Andrews, Roxbury. 
J Charles Mayo, Boston," [J 1856 

J Pliny Nickcrson, do. [J 1852 

J Justin Winsor, do. [J 1852 

♦Israel P. Proctor, do. [*1851 


Frederic Kidder, Eoxburv. 

X Nathaniel Hamlen, Boston, [J 1852 

t Thos. B. Wyman, Jr., Charlestown, 

$ B. Homer Dixon, Boston, [J 

John Ward Dean, do. 

$ Samuel H. Jenks, do. [$ 

Henry Davenport, Roxbury. 

Eleazer F. Pratt, Boston. 

Isaac Winslow, do. 

John G. Locke, do. 

Timothy Farrar, do. 

Joseph Moulton, Lynn. 

*Elisha Fuller, Worcester, [* 

Marshall F. Wilder, Dorchester. 

William M.Wallace, Boston. 

J. Huntington Wolcott, do. 

J Samuel J. Bridge, do. ft 

Alonzo II. Quint, Dover, N. II. 

Frederic W. Prescott, Boston. 

$ William W. Cowles, do. [J 

J. B. Bnght, 

Lucius M. Sargent, 

George II. Lyman, 

Charles G. Loring, 

t William L. Brown, 

| Amasa Walker, Boston, 

Francis Brinley, do. 

Henry C. Brooks, do. 

Jacob Q. Kettelle, do. 

John Wells Parker, Roxbury. 

Guv C. Havnes, Boston/ 

William G." Brooks, do. 

Daniel C. Coleswonhy, do. 

John R. Rollins, do. 

Sylvester Bliss, do. 

$ William Lincoln, do. [J 

John I. Baker, Beverly. 
J John Doane, Jr., Charlestown, [j 

Isaac Davis, Worcester. 
$ Henry B. Wheelwright, Taunton, t 

t William B. Trade/ Dorchester, (j 

♦Henry II. Fuller, Boston. [# 

Addison Child, Medford. 

William S. Thacher, Boston. 

Luther M. Harris, Jamaica Plain 

Samuel Jennison, Worcester. 




.. 1853 


S.Reading, [$ 1857 





William Whiting, Roxbury. 

Joseph Palmer, Boston. 

Thomas Waterman, do. 

Henry II. Jones, do. 

Thomas Prince, do. 

#Moses Plimpton, do. [#185-1 

Stephen T. Farwell, Cambridge. 

Henry Bright, Northampton. 

J Richard Pitts, Dorchester, [$ 1855 

$ Eben S. Stearns, W. Newton, [$ 1853 

George Adams, Boston. 

A. Bronson Alcott, do. 

William B. Towne, Brookline. 

$ Charles S. Lincoln, Somervillc, [$1853 

Charles Adams, Jr., Boston. 

Lvman -Mason, do. 

John G. Met calf, Mcndon. 

John P. Healy, Boston. 

Alfred Poor, Groveland. 

Almon D. Hodges, Roxbury. 

Alex. L. B. Monroe, Medway. 

William II. Chace, Pensacola, Fla. 

Bowen Buckman, Woburn. 

$ Joseph W. Ward, Boston, [$1855 

Frederic A. Whitney, Brighton. 

Samuel Nicolson, Boston. 

Paul Willard, Jr., Charlestown. 

Sam'l G. Wheeler, Jr., Boston. 
$ A. W. Conant, do. [$1856 

Ithamar W. Beard, Lowell. 

Stephen M. Allen, 
Ira B. Peek, 
Charles A. Ranlet, 
Hiram Wellington, 

Jamaica Plain. 
Woonsoeket, R. I. 

Bickford Pulsifcr, Jr., Charlestowu. 
$ John Haskins, Roxbury, 

$ George M. Champney, Woburn, 








$ 1854 

} 1855 
+ 1856 
$ 1855 


$ Christ'r C. Andrews, 
$ Roner N. Pierce, 
$D.M. Huckins, 
$ William Jones, 

John M. Bradbury, 

Nathan Applcton, 

Manning Leonard, 

Edmund Boynton, 

Daniel Draper, 

Nathaniel Whiting, 

Josiah Newhall, 
$ Peter S. Wheelock, 

William D. Ticknor, 

John S. Barrv, 

B. F. White,' 
$ Sam'l II. Gilbert, Gage Town, N.B. [$'54 

Josiah Dunham, Jr., Boston. 
*Chas. Fred. Adams, Jr. do. [*1856 

$ James M. Chase, Cambridge, [J 1854 

Ilenrv Clark, W. Poultnev, Vt. 

Elias* S. Ilawlev, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Charles H. Peaslee, Boston. 

John R. Kimball, do. 

Lloyd Glover, do. 


Luther Famham, Boston. 

$*Thomas Hopkinsoh, do. [$1855, ♦'SG 

•— ^ 


i harlos Atwood, Boston. 

{ Alon/.oB.Chapin, S.GlastenbV, Ct. [t'57 
Win. II. Whitmore, Bo -ton. 
Daniel X. Haskell, do. 

► Thomas S. Pearson, Peacham,Vt. [ * : 1 850 
I ; i! am Brooks, Medfbrd, [*1855 

William S. Bartiet, Chelsea. 
J >can Dudley, Boston. 

Herman Powers, do. 

Lemuel Little, do. 

Charles II. Morse, Cambridgeport. 
Sanr'i S. Kilburn, Jr., West Newton. 
'1 ho's J. W,hittemore, Cambridge. 
Joseph Allen, Northborough. 

Amos Otis, Yarmouth Port. 

Tolman Willey, Boston. 

Uriel Crocker, do. 

William S. Morton, Quiney. 
John A. Boutelle, Woburn. 
William J. Reynolds, Roxbury. 
Alexander Blaikie, Boston. 
George Lunt, do. 

Franklin Haven, do. 

Laban M. Wheaton, Norton. 
Alexander Beal, Boston. 

Stephen M. "Weld, Jamaica Plain. 
Robert C. Winthrop, Boston. 
Jeremiah P. Jewett. Lowell. 
Samuel Hall, Boston. 

C. II. B. Caldwell, Jamaica Plain. 
James W. Clark, Framingham. 

o. C. Simmons, Boston. 

George G. Smith, do. 

Aaron Sargent, Jr. Somervillc. 
Charles C. Jewett, Roxbury. 
Israel Thorndike, New York, N. Y 
Isaac Parker, Boston. 

Charles K. Dillaway, Roxbury. 
Richard K. Swift, " Chicago, 111. 
I! nry Rice, Boston. 

Philip H. Sears, do. 

Thomas C. Amory, Jr. do. 
William M. Lathrop. do. 

im G. Ware 


G. Quiney Thorndike, New York, N. Y. 
Horatio N. Bigelow, Clinton. 
G. D. B. Blanehard, Maiden. 
Alvah A. Barrage, Boston. 
Charles Hudson, Lexington. 

Lewis II. Webb, Rockingham, N. C 

John W. Proctor, South Danvers. 
James D. Green, 
Klias Xason, 
John W. Warren, 
^ illiam Makepeace, 
i'' nry Austin Whitney 






S imuel Hooper, do. 

Thomas E. Graves, Thompson, Ct. 
* Andrew F. Warner, Cromwell, Ct. [*185' 
James II. Means, Dorchester. 
Francis De Witt, Ware. 

Samuel L. Wheeler, West Newton. 
| ( *»lvin E. Stowe, ' Andover. 
" iHiam Mason Cornell, Boston. 

Caleb Davis Bradlec, Cambridge. 
Samuel B. Noyes, Canton. 
Oliver Carter/ Boston . 

William Phillips, do. 

Elihu Yale, New Haven, Ct. 

Gardner B. Perry, Grovcland. 
Leverctt Saltonstall, Brookliue. 
William L. Weston, Dan vers. 
Abijah W. Draper, West Roxbnrv. 
Day O. Kellogg, Brooklyn, N.*Y. 

William II. L. Smith, Boston. 
Alfred E. Giles do. 

C. Benj. Richardson, do. 
Jacob W. Reed, South Groveland. 

Nathan II. Chamberlain, Cambridge. 
Frank W. Bigelow, Weston. 

David W. Hoyt, Brighton. 

Henry M. Brooks, Salem. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 

Luke Brooks, 

George T. Thacher, 

John L. Fox, 

Jasper II. York, 

Wm. W. Whitcomb, 

Wm. A. Richardson, 

Matthew Harvey, 

James W. Crooks, 

Charles Bunker, 

Alfred A. Prescott, 

Samuel Burnham, 

Edward S. Rand, Jr. 

Dean W. Tainter, 

Ariel I. Cummin gs, 

Joseph Richardson, 

George Id i not, 

Edward G. Russell, 

Hiram Carlcton, 

Edwin R. Hodgman, 

And Emerson, 

John Bars tow, 

James M. Wilder, 

Horace G. Barrows, 

James W. Merriam, 

Daniel Henshaw, 

William E. Baker, 

Daniel B. Curtis, 

Jeremiah Colburn, 

Ezra Wilkinson, 

Win slow Lewis, 

Elisha Copeland, 

Henry A. Scudder, 

Francis L. Harding, 

David Thayer, 

Peter E. Vbse, 

Henry A. Miles, 

George White, 

Daniel J. Coburn, 

Angus. C. L. Arnold, Charlestown 

Rufus Wyman, Roxbury. 

Thaddeus Allen, Boston. 

S. Benton Thompson, do. 
Calvin Guild, Jr., Dedham. 
Richard 'Briggs, Boston. 

William S. Leland, Roxbury. 







Concord, N. 
Rindge, N. II. 
West Barnstable. 
Lynnfield Centre. 

Providence, R. I. 














Dennysville, Me 





Calvin P. Hinds, Boston. 

Charles Steam.-;, Springfield. 

David Bryant, Boston. 

J. Kipley Osgood, Dorchester. 

Langford W. Loring, Boston. 

Francis S. Drake, Dorchester. 

W. Elliot Woodward, Roxbury. 

John S. II. Fogg, South Boston. 
Francis B. Hayes, Boston. 
Thomas T. Richmond, do. 

Joseph II. Ward, 
Jo-i ah Quincy, Jr., 
Alexander II. Jtice, 


Present number of Active Members, 202. 

i'i:Livi:i' i.i> i;i:i ■ :.i- i in 

"'. : ! i i ; Societv 

i Jj 1 J iN U." 


>x w us, :\i, [>. 

i'i'i:- IOIV.vT I 


BOS T X : 

l* U l'J 1 D IJ V T n i; s <> C 1 [■ T V. 

1 S G 2 . 

*~ : -"^~"V^-i.;r^v~\;-..wv^rr^^^^ ,..-.v; ■.,-i-..-.„w -■.-/- -^^ :v.'.,i:. .■ .-■.■■; ..-,..».jt .:"•• =r:;-'.-:".-'i^-..- ---"..■- .--.r>: J 




Xcw England Historic-Genealogical Society, 

JANUARY 1, 1862. 




r U B L I S II E D B Y T HE S C I E T Y 


CiCJitkmen, Members and Friends of our Society : 

On this, the opening day of a New Year, it seems to me, that your 
President may both appropriately and usefully endeavor to attract 
the attention, especially of the younger members of the Society, to 
f:orne topics of more general interest and fundamental importance, 
than the mere review of our last year's progress. Not that I would 
regard that progress in any depreciatory light; on the contrary, you 
all will, I am sure, sympathize very heartily in the satisfaction to be 
derived from the favorable reports of our Librarian, Treasurer and 
Secretary, and in the gratitude due to those officers, and the other 
gentlemen, whose zeal and labors have contributed to secure so happy 
a result — a gratitude, to which, I feel assured, the Societ}' will not 
be slow to give adequate expression. 

But standing as we are to day on the threshold of a New Year — an 
event and an era ever calculated to awaken serious reflections in 
every thoughtful mind, and more especially with those, who, like 
myself, have passed the zenith, and begun to descend the western 
skipe of life's orbit — and this too, in what must emphatically be 
termed the age of living history, not only of our country, but of the 
world at large — it seems to me that some utterance should go forth 
from this Society in explanation of the principles, and in assertion of 
the claims which it has upon the regard and consideration of the 
public of America. It has been, almost from immemorial antiquity, 
a custom to offer presents and good wishes to our friends on New 
i ear's Day. The Romans, you will remember, ascribed the origin 
of the custom to Romulus and Tatius : and it is by no means unin- 
teresting to trace the antique vestiges of this custom preserved by 
Count Caylus; such as the piece of old Etruscan pottery, bearing 
the inscription in Latin, " a happy new year to you, 1 ' and the medal- 
lions, such as that of Janus standing in the temple, with a like in- 
scription, wishing a happy new year to the Emperor. In almost 
every nation we find traces of like customs and ideas associated with 
the New Year. The ancient Druid then cut down the branches of the 
sacred misletoe with a golden knife from the midst of a forest dedi- 
cated to the gods, and distributed them with solemn pomp and mystic 
rites among the people, as the best and most auspicious of gifts. 
Our old Saxon forefathers, as we learn from Bishop Stillingfleet, 
' ! served the festival with great feasting and rejoicing, and sent New 
i car's gifts with good wishes to each other : and this custom was 
iianded down with honor to their descendants, and its prevalence is 
^•■n* quaintly described by an old poet of the 16th century — Barnaby 
Googc, in his translation of a Latin poem written in 1553 : 


" The next to this is Newe Yea res' Day 

whereon to every friend, 
They costly presents in do bring, 

and New Yeares' gifts do sende. 
These gifts the husband gives Ids wife, 

and father eke the child, 
and maister on his mm bestuwes 

The like, with favour milde." 

At the risk of incurring the good humored derision of "Young 
America" — proud of its progress, its science, its enlightenment, and 
its freedom from the shackles of all old superstitions, I must avow 
my warm affection for these old usages and anniversary customs ; 
and 1 must claim the liberty of doubting, whether, with all our utili- 
tarian science and enlightenment, we are one whit bettor o.r happier, 
than our more simple ancestors, who derived such great enjoyment 
from the celebration of Christmas, with its carols, and its " cakes and 
ale," its reeking sirloin and huge plum pudding ; its holly and ivy in 
cottage, church and hall, where 

"The fire, with well dried logs supplied, 
Went roaring up the chimney wide I— 
England was merry England, when 
Old Christmas brought his sports again. 
• T'was Christmas broached the mightiest ale, 
T'was Christmas told the merriest tale — 
A Christmas gambol oft would cheer 
A poor man's heart through half the year." — Scott. 

In accordance then with the good old custom of the New Year's 
gifts and good wishes, I would fain offer to my brethren of this 
Society, some thoughts which, although they may present nothing 
new, and perhaps may appear to some to involve a re-traversing of 
ground already familiar to all, will yet, I trust, be accepted with a 
kindly spirit, as an evidence of the deep interest I feel in the progress 
and success of this Society. Our title naturally suggests the course 
of my remarks, nor may it be altogether unprofitable to examine 
(much as may have been spoken and written on the subject) what is 
comprehended in the terms History and Genealogy — what are the 
higher uses of these sciences, and their relations to each other, and 
consequently what are the duties to be discharged, and the claims 
upon general support put forth by a Society, whose especial object it 
is, to promote the study of these sciences. And, although it may 
.be contrary to the more usual order, which descends from genera to 
species, or from the whole to its parts, I will, with your permission, 
glance first at Biography and Genealogy, which are the twin hand- 
maids and helpers of their elder and more stately sister, History. 

To the dependence of History upon Biography, I need scarcely allude, 
before such an audience as this. History is only collective Biography, 
and in order to understand History, as a great living writer observes, 
" we must first try to understand men and women. He who knows 
men and women thoroughly, will best understand the past work of 
the world, and be best able to carry on its work now. The men 
(continues the same writer) who in the long run, have governed the 
•world, have been those who understood the human heart ; and there- 
fore it is to this day the statesman, who keeps the reins in his hand, 
and not the mere student. If, therefore, any of you should ask me, 



i ,,w to study history, I should answer, Take by all means biographies, 
wheresoever possible auto-biographies, and study them. Fill your 
minds with live human figures, men of like passions with yourselves; 
...■.- how each lived and worked in the time and place in which God put 
|,im. Believe me, that when you have thus made a friend of the dead, 
mid brought him to life again, and let him teach you to see with his 
, ws, and to feel with his heart, you will begin to understand more 
.»jf his generation and his circumstances, than all the mere history 
| i >':* of tlic period will teach you." Such are the opinions of Charles 
Kingsley, the gifted Professor of History in the University of Cam- 
bridge, in England, and I think we must all accept and endorse them. 
Biography is, in fact, as has been observed by another writer, the 
key to History, and therefore, even on that account alone, is of im- 
mense, incalculable value. But it would be unphilosophical and 
unjust, to regard it from that point of view only. " The proper study 
of mankind is man," and each man of sense and feeling must reecho 
the sentiment nihil humanuvi a me alienum puto. 

Each man's life, no matter how obscure or humble he may be, 
contains a history, and an interesting one too, if we could only 
get at it; and every man. worthy of the name, leaves such a history in 
writing behind him, although the writing may not be on parchment 
or on paper. We have but to look around this stirring, moving, en- 
terprising western world of ours, to see thousands of such histories, 
daily written and published for our perusal, in the cleared forest and 
the cultivated held; in the city raised to day, where but yesterday, 
as it were, the wild beast roamed at large amongst the brushwood, 
or the wild bird harshly screamed above the marsh and the morass — 
and, passing by countless other fields of life-exertion, how many of a 
still more thrilling and exciting kind ma} 7 we not read on the southern 
fields, already saturated alas ! with the blood of so many of our best 
and bravest and most beloved ones, whose anxieties, struggles, groans, 
and tears and triumphs might each suffice to till a volume of the most 
truthful, touching and dramatic history. 

Biography has been well defined by a distinguished writer (Paxton 
Hood) as the Museum of Life. "Well written lives (he observes) 
are, as well preserved mental fossils^ and they subserve for us the 
purpose of a collection of interesting petrifactions ; they illustrate 
the science of life ; they are the inductions of moral anatomy." There 
are some other remarks made by this writer, on the study of Biogra- 
phy, which are so truthful and judicious, that I feel justified in com- 
m aiding them to the attention of our brethren. " By too many 
p< rsons, lives are read without motives, without discrimination ; they 
lie within the library, or the brain, like the bones in Kirkdale Vale, 
before Buckland ; or those in the Paris Basin before Cuvier. No 
tudy has been so entirely without classification and arrangement. 

* * * Would the effort be wholly futile and vain to attempt a com- 
parative Anatomy of Biography ? to arrange the worthies of humanity 
in groups, not so much with reference to the pursuits in which they 
were engaged, or the region in which they moved, but illustrated 
I ither by the more subtle, final distinctions, which gave a character 
and bias to their minds, and determined their influence on Society ? 
At present, the venerable and the vile, the worthy and the worthless, 


the mean and the magnificent, lie heaped and huddled in promiscnon> 
neighborhood ; the mention of Biography only suggests to the mind 
the idea of a vast pyramid of conglomerate marble! In the cement- 
ing cells, may be seen preserved, the pens of poets, the swords ol 
statesmen, the garters and coronets of kings ; yet all confused and 
indistinct, like fossils, but partially developed in the polished stein-. 
And the probability is, that as we have seen in museums and collec- 
tions of natural history, the most common, not to say the most worth- 
less, attracts the most attention." 

There is sound sense and philosophy in these remarks, and 1 would 
^respectfully commend them to the students of Biography. It woui 1 
far exceed my limits of time, and also, it is probable, your patience, 
were I to dwell so fully as I could wish, upon the many and powerful 
claims of Biography. I therefore only dwell upon its essential value 
and importance, first, as the key of History ; and second, as being 
the great storehouse from which we are to draw examples of good- 
ness and greatness to be emulated and imitated, and of vice and vile- 
ncss to be abhorred and avoided. The study of Biography properly 
pursued must ever be accepted as, under God's blessing, one of the 
most powerful means and modes of training men to be good citizens, 
good members of society in the present life, and fitted to enjoy the 
purer and less alloyed happiness reserved for them in the life to 
come ! 

Genealogy is of course an integral part of Biography. The word, 
as you know, is derived from the Greek ysvsa. (genea) race, and Xo;-; 
(discourse) a history ; so that it more particularly means, the history 
of a race or family. I have said it is a part of Biography, but, viewed 
in one light, it may perhaps more properly be considered as the 
generic or inclusive term. All that I can pause however to refer to 
now is, the great importance of tin's study in a scientific, or moral, 
and a political point of view, more especially in a country endowed 
with free institutions like ours. Taking these points very briefly in 
their order, there is no doubt in the mind of any enlightened man, 
that mental as well as physical qualities are handed down more or 
less from parent to child, from forefathers to posterity, and that thus, 
pure and healthy descent is of immense importance. It is the espe- 
cial province of genealogical science, to investigate all facts illustra- 
tive of this and similar truths, and to inculcate the wholesome lessons 
to be derived from them. To those, whose studies have been so 
largely devoted to this subject, I need scarcely allude to the pecu- 
liarly interesting conclusions which the philosophical genealogist 
arrives at, when, in watching the life of one or another of America'.-' 
many virtuous and noble sons, he observes the generic seeds of these 
virtues, and that nobility of soul in the parents or ancestors ; ami 
very frequently can ascribe the united qualities of valor and of vir- 
tue, of great intellect and gentle heart, to the marriage union of 
parents, whose families were respectively distinguished for these 
virtues. This, in a scientific point of view, is one of the chief duties 
of Genealogy. 

Disregarding all artificial and aristocratic distinctions, and looking 
at them simply through the glass of moral, physical and intellectual 
worth, Genealogy endeavors to ascertain from reliable statistics, 

r ~ ~ . 

\\i >sd laws, by which moral or intellectual traits, or physical charac- 
:• risties of organization are handed clown, from generation to genera- 
lion, in races and families. "The human mind (observes Holgate) 
havin^ the opportunity of illimitable expansion, is another reason 
why the pedigree of families should be preserved. It is an important 
part of genealogical science, to investigate the results of the inter- 
marriage of families of different extraction, and to determine in what 
i lanner the laws of physiology are affected by the connection." As 
:■! more immediate relation to Genealogy, though also directly bear- 
ing upon History, and moreover as being a subject deserving of more 
.mention, than it too frequently receives, even in societies like our 
own, I desire here to say a few words respecting Heraldry, in which 
subject I think our younger members would soon take a lively inter- 
est, if they would make themselves acquainted with its history, and 
its great importance, as an aid to the studies both of Genealogy and 
History. The armorial bearings of American families are of course 
derived from their English forefathers, and it is considered doubtful 
whether they had become hereditary in the mother country, before 
the reign of Henry III. Whether this view be correct or not, there 
is every reason to believe, that their transmission from one generation 
to another, was not unknown to other ancient nations. In almost 
every age and country, men have adopted the figure of .animals and 
other symbolic representations, to distinguish themselves on the field 
(•(* battle ; and there is also good reason for believing, that, from a 
very early period, distinctive ensigns or emblems were adopted by 
civil communities. As examples, I may point to the " Lion of the 
tribe of Judah," the owl consecrated at Athens to Athene, or Minerva 
i, to call her by her Roman name) ; and the old national symbols of 
the Turkish and Persian empires, the former of which, described in 
terms of modern blazonry, would be " azure and increscent, argent," 
and the latter " vert, a lion couchant, guardant, proper before the 
sun in splendor, or." The symbol of the ancient Phrygians was a 
sow, that of the Thracians, Mars; of the Romans, an eagle; of the 
Goths, a bear ; of the Saxons, a horse ; of the earlier French, a lion. 
The necessity, as I observed, of having some distinguishing ensign 
in war, suggested all these symbols. So also of the Lions of Eng- 
land, which were introduced by the Norman Sovereigns, who after 
their accession to the English throne, continued to bear the arms of 
'heir province of Normandy, which were two lions, or, as is supposed 
by some, two leopards ; and these lions, increased by Henry III to 
the number of three,' have ever since continued to be the armorial 
hearings of the Royal Family of England ; neither, I may add, may 
these arms, viz., three lions passant, or, on a shield gules, be assumed 
by any subject of the crown, under the penalty of high treason. The 
cross and the lion appear to have been especial favorites among our 
English forefathers, nor is the fact difficult to be accounted for. The 
hon, the symbol of strength and courage in the animal world, was 
very naturally selected as an ensign in the earlier and ruder state of 
society, when courage and military distinction were the chief, if not 
tiie only virtues; when, in fact, even in comparatively civilized Rome, 
the very word virtue, virtus, meant not moral purity, but manhood, 
valor; and the cross no less easily and naturally became the emblem 



of those nations that had recently been converted to Christianity, or 
had distinguished themselves in the Crusades, in which you will re- 
member the warriors wore a rod cross upon the right shoulder, and fi m 
which they took the name of Croises, that is, Crossed or Crusaders, 
and when thus whole armies of Crusaders came to bear the cross, 
it became necessary that some distinction should be made be- 
tween the several leaders. Hence arose those very numerous modi- 
fications in form and color, under which we find this symbol to have 
been used. To illustrate this on a small scale, I may refer you to the 
three national banners of England, Scotland and Ireland, in each of 
which you will notice a difference of color or form; the first being 
"argent (or white metal color) and the cross of St. George, gules" (red j ; 
the second, the Scottish, bearing the saltire or diagonal cross of St. 
Andrew, argent on azure shield; and the third, being argent, with the 
saltire of St. Patrick, gules." Again, the Cross, the Gospel and the 
Lions, in the arms of the University of Cambridge, in England, sym- 
bolize a bold defence of the Faith; while the Crown and Psalter in 
those of Oxford, have a like allusion to the supremacy of religion; 
and though the cross does not appear on the shield of our own Uni- 
versity of Harvard, the arms, as you all know, symbolize devotion 
to Christ and the Church. 

I remember reading in an old writer, whose name I can not recall, 
an interesting incident, which may illustrate and close this part of 
my address. He was endeavoring to show, that devices were in use 
in the time of William the Conqueror; although he admitted that arms 
were only attributed or assigned to William, for he had never been 
able to find proof of their use, either on monument, coins, seals, or in 
any contemporary author. The anecdote, so far as I remember runs, 
that, on the occasion of the challenge of Geoifroy Martel, Earl of 
Anjou, and the Duke of Normandy, Count Martel made this return : 
" Tell the Duke, tomorrow, he shall have me there on a white horse; 
and to the end he shall know me, I will wear a shield cfor, without 
any device." To which the Duke's second replied : " Sir, you shall 
not need take the pains; for tomorrow you shall have the Duke on 
this place, mounted on a bay 7 horse, and that you may know him, he 
shall wear, on the point of his lance, a streamer of taffeta to wipe 
your face." 

I have merely touched thus lightly and briefly on the origin of 
Heraldry, in order to attract the attention of our young members, and 
indeed of all students of History and Biography, to a subject, which, 
lam confident they will find less " dry" than the} 7 may suppose, while 
they will derive valuable aid from it, in the pursuit of those studies. 
More than one interesting and romantic volume might easily be filled 
with the history of the causes and circumstances that led to the 
adoption of many national and family coats of arms. And as I inci- 
dentally alluded just now to monuments, and medals or coins, let me 
most briefly, but not the less emphatically, commend the study of 
Numismatics to every student of History. The history of coins and 
of money, is in itself, a subject of peculiar interest, but the light 
thrown by it upon General History , is that, to which alone 1 now refer; 
and it is not too much to say, that more trustworthy information in 
regard to the history of the distant past, has been derived from the 


-:.•• pictures and inscriptions of monuments and medals, than 

,. ; ,tiv other source. And now, still pursuing the backward or 

v.!-*,: course of my somewhat desultory remarks, T ask you to 

,,siipanv mo in a brief review of some of the uses of Ilistoiw. The 

: irct K I am well aware, a very trite and worn one; but yet ex- 

!ii • ami observation have impressed me with the belief, that it 

t less necessary to repeat ant] reassert, and that over and over 

ii:!, facts and truths, which are already (in the language of society) 

II known. In other words, 1 believe, that in this, as in other mat- 

-,-is, we all require to be from time to time reminded of what we have 

: .: since known, but may not always have borne in memory. At 

, vents, I feel assured that, addressing you from tin's chair, in 

v j.j.-h your kindly feeling has placed me, you will bear with patience, 

. veil the repetition of some familiar views and principles. You and 

1 have read of late years, many learned disquisitions on History, its 

.nee, its philosophy, its moral influence; but I confess none of 

• n se more modern essays have seemed to me equal in truth or [tower, 
: comprehensive grasp, to those letters of Bolingbroke, which I had 

read in earlier life, and whose impression, as is wont to be the case 
with the acquirements of our earlier years, when the faculties are 
fresh and vigorous, and the memory is bright and strong, remains 
vividly stamped still upon the tablets of my mind. In according 
such praise to Bolingbroke, I refer, of course to his philosophical 

• ethods in the study of general history, without by any means en- 
dorsing his views of sacred history, which were lamentably tinctured 
\. ith skepticism. 

in the works of a living writer, who is a member of this Society, 
occurs this passage in reference to the study of History, and few of 
us, will, 1 think, dissent from its truth: "The past is a treasure 
Ii use, containing jewels of inestimable value; and History is the key 
that will give us entrance, and enable us to make that, wealth, those 
^rcrns, our own! In the temple of secular knowledge, there are many 
siirines, but there is none more holy, more beautiful, more worth}' of 
our worship, than that dedicated to the Annuls of the Olden Time." 

It is, 1 think, my favorite writer on this subject, as I have before 
stated, Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke (although Burke asked 
"Who reads Bolingbroke?") who records the definition, since so 
often quoted, of Dionysius of Ilalicarnassus, that " Histoid is 
Philosophy teaching by example," and both in our owm hearts 
within, and in all the facts and records of the world without, 
ancient, middle age, and modern, we shall find ample and constant 
evidence of its truth. To the same effect and "of equal truth, 
;- ; the remark of the great Roman Historian, Tacitus : Panel jpru- 
1 • ■■■'/", honesla ab deterioribus, vtllici obnoxiis discernunt : yhbres aliorum 
cventis docentwr. " Some few distingush honorable things from dis- 
honorable, profitable from hurtful, by their own judgment; but a 
far greater number are taught by the examples of others." So 
imperfect indeed is our understanding, so frail and weak the struc- 
ture of the human mind, that it has always been a great difficult}' in 
trrasping and realizing abstract propositions of any kind, however 
lni(l . _ It requires them to be embodied in what I may term objective 
,; ''rial examples; a fact of which the polytheistic systems of heathen 
"aliens afford another striking illustration, for* undoubtedly, as 




Schlegel says, "those systems may be traced to tin's striving after 
objectivities" in the heart of man. The force of the teaching of 
History also, is derived from another principle, which has been well 
stated by Seneca: Homines amptius ocidis, quam avrihus, crerhint, 
lotigum iter est per praczpta, breve et efficax per exempla; which I may freelv 
translate, " Men are always more inclined to trust the evidence 
of their eyes, than of their ears : for the path of instruction by the 
way of precepts, is lone,- and tedious; but that by the way of ex- 
ample is short and satisfactory." 

The latter mode of instruction appeals moreover to our feelings 
and passions, as well as to our own reason, and when the former are 
brought on the side of tin; latter, the whole man works harmoniously 
together, and is led almost insensibly to imitate that which he lias 
learned to love and to admire. There is a deep and vital truth in 
another saying of Seneca's, that "(Jlennthes had never become so 
perfect a. copy of Zeno, if he had not passed his life with him,'' and of 
a like tendency is the ancient Roman custom, referred to by Boling- 
broke, of placing the images of their ancestors in tin 1 vestibules of 
their houses, so that, whenever they went in or out, these venerable 
figures met their eyes, and recalled the glorious actions of the dead, 
firing. the living and exciting them to imitate and emulate their great 

It has been well and wisely said, that the world is the great life- 
school, of which, the two teachers are history and experience. Com- 
parisons have often been rather uselessly instituted between the 
relative values of genius and experience. The truth is, though there 
doubtless have been many remarkable exceptions in either direction, 
that they must go, hand in hand together, and be guided on their 
path by the lamp of History. This is the educational Triad, which 
will train up your youth to be good men and good citizens, a.t once 
the ornament and the bulwark of our liberties, and our national re- 
nown! An instructive comparison has been instituted by more than 
one writer, though with different views, between the Roman General 
Lucullus, and the English Duke of Marlborough, some of the writers 
endeavoring to show, that the former became a great commander by 
reading and theory only, and the latter as exclusively by practical 
experience. This view, however, was incorrect and unjust, for it 
has been proved that Lucullus added early campaign experience, in 
the war against the Marsi, and in the East under Sylla, to his book- 
studies; while Marlborough certainly had little book-learning, but 
his great natural genius was developed and improved by early train- 
ing under the celebrated Marshal Turenne, and in Irish and Flemish 
wars; so that, though Lucullus is not a just example of the success 
of theoretical study alone, Marlborough is an instance in proof of 
what genius and experience can unitedly effect, though unaided by 
the "learning of the schools," and of all such examples, it may be 
observed, that they would unquestionably have attained a higher 
standard of public and private virtue, if their minds had been enlight- 
ened, and their hearts ennobled, by that tone of thought and feeling, 
which the study of History rightly and philosophically pursued, will 
never fail to bestow. 

It is useless, I fiud, to attempt to dwell as I could wish, on the 



many and various claims of the study of History upon all men, and, 
above all, to my mind, upon the citizens of a great, free Republic, 
. ;<;h as ours. 1 will therefore only refer, very briefly, to two of 
ihrin, the Moral, and the Political. 

What can be better calculated to stir and stimulate us in the pur- 
suit of the Noble and the Good, than the record of the great and 
jMod deeds of those who have gone before us, whose place on earth 
indeed is vacant, but whose memory survives, enshrined in the hearts 
of their posterity? When we read in classic story of the virtuous 
M'lf-sacritice of a Scipio or a Decius, do not the love of Freedom and 
.,;' Fatherland and Virtue glow more brightly in our bosoms? Do 
we not say perforce within ourselves, "If they, enveloped as they 
were in Heathen darkness, could act thus nobly, shall we, who have 
a clearer light, and a truer, holier faith, be outstripped by them in 
the race of Virtue? Nor is this moral influence of History confined 
to examples which stimulate to Virtue ; it is equally full of warnings 
to deter from Vice. "Hence (as Liwy saysj you may select examples 
which you may imitate, as being noble and good; or which you may 
shun, as being base in their origin, base in their result." When we 
see how History has fixed the stamp and stigma of an eternal infamy 
upon the guilt of so many of the world's great ones, do we not, must 
we not, at the same time think of the crime with detestation and 
abhorrence, and of the punishment inflicted, and recorded by His- 
tory, with terror and dread ? 

And here I may remark, that probably this anticipation of what 
History will say, exercises an influence, and a. most salutary one, 
upon the great ones of the. earth. The human heart is but too apt 
t" grow wanton in the days of wealth and power; and were the 
present time only thought of by the rulers of mankind, it is to be 
feared that deeds of violence and cruelty and crime, would be even 
far more frequent than they are. 

So much, very briefly, for the Moral, and now let me glance at the 
Political influence of History. 

When we look back upon the glorious and successful struggles of 
our forefathers to maintain those constitutional rights, and to gain 
that constitutional freedom, now enjoyed by us — a People's, and 
therefore more than a '* Princely heritage" — when we see them 
hearing all the sufferings of privation, and braving all the perils of 
the battle-field, rather than allow themselves and their country to be 
trodden down by tyranny— when we read of these things in the 
annals of the not far distant Past, does not a brighter and holier 
; d i diffuse itself around the sacred name of Liberty? Do we not 
fed more truly, more intensely, as we look up loyally and lovingly 
to the good old Flag of the Union., the full force of the Poet's ex- 
elaination — 

" From life without Freedom, oh ! who would not A}' ! 
For one hour of Freedom, oh I who would not die 1 " 

—!'l is not the study which kindles and cultivates such thoughts and 

■ nigs as these, of the highest, the most incalculable value, to all 

•'-lends of freedom, but especially to all American freemen, at the 

present momentous and most critical period of our history? Is not 


all doubt, all wavering, thereby banished from our hearts, and do 
we not resolve and swear, with God's blessing-, that no cowardice 
nor sloth, nor selfishness of" our own, nor any madness, or folly and 
fury of others, shall snatch away from us the sacred heirloom be- 
queathed to us by those, our great Forefathers, or blot out or dim 
the brightness of one Star of our glorious Banner? 

Assuredly, the Palladium of American Freedom and Greatness is 
placed in that temple of the heart, in which history has entwined 
the memories of our ancestors, of Washington, and Henry and Frank- 
lin, and all the other heroic men and heroic women of the Revolution; 
all, who by their eloquence, their valor, their self-sacrifice and virtue, 
assisted in erecting and adorning the noble ediiice of a People's 
Power, and thus earned for themselves an undisputed title to the 

" Exegi monnmeutum wre perennius." 

Nor are such views as these, mere ideal theories. The last year, the 
last six months, have given us ample, and alas! too fatal proof of 
their solidity and truth. What but such historic memories, and their 
soul-inspiring associations, kindled at once so bright and broad a tire 
of patriotic ardour, against those, who had insulted our Union flag, 
and were seeking to overthrow the Union-work of our fathers ? This 
it was, and nothing else, that roused the hearts and nerved the arms 
of the young men— nay! not of our young men merely, but of our 
"old men and maidens," wives and widows, boys and girls through- 
out the length and breadth of the land. So that with one soul and 
one voice, they have avowed their readiness and eternal resolve, to 
bear all, to brave all, to suffer all, rather than surrender the historic 
heritage handed down to them from their great ancestors, or allow 
domestic traitor or foreign foe to injure or insult the Star Spangled 
Banner of the Union! Inspired by these historic memories, our hero- 
soldiers have already, on many a bloody field, given the last and 
strongest proof of the Patriot's love and loyalty; their guiding motto 
in spirit, if not in words, being still — 

Heroes ! to the combat lly, 

Proud to struggle, blest to die! 

Go ! should Death your efforts crown, 

Mount the pinions of renown ! 

Go ! tell our sires 

Their daring fires 
Glow in our lofty souls till life expires. 

Many other claims could I easily put forward on behalf of History, 
and therefore of a Society, whose great object it is, to develop and 
promote and systematize the study of History. But I willingly and 
purposely pause at this point, for, if History and historic memories 
shall have availed, as 1 firmly believe they will, to bring our beloved coun- 
try safely through the dread crisis, in which she is now struggling*, 
and to place her once more before an admiring world, brighter and 
purer and more powerful for the terrible ordeal through which she will 
have passed, then it would indeed be vain and unnecessary to seek 
for any foundation on which to rest, and recommend to the love and 
honor of all true sons and daughters of America, the study of His- 
tory, and the support of such societies as this Historic-Genealogical 
Society of New England. 

add:, ss 

1)] lAYEJ'il'.D 

CI ' 

A 1 inllj j . Kis UAL • - v br 

NEW E^ T G ... ■ .. :;GIGAI 


WEDNESDAY, JAN. 7, 1863 


rnE.siPK.sT of thi: pocikty 


. ! ' ' 


















Reprinted from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register for July, 1SG3, by 



Gentlemen, Members and Friends of our Society: 

You will, 1 am sure, readily agree with me, that our first duty, at 
ibis, the first meeting- in a New Year, is to express our grateful 
thanks to Him, in whose hand, rest all the things both of Time and 
of Eternit} 7 , for his mercy and goodness in permitting so many of us 
— even of those who have traveled a long way on Life's Journey — 
to enter in health and peace and happiness upon another annual 
stage of our earthly pilgrimage. 

You are all well aware, that I hold in hearty veneration and 
esteem these anniversaries, these great and sacred landmarks along 
the vast plain of time; and that I would gladly — however old- 
fashioned it may seem to some — witness an increased warmth and 
enthusiasm, in the celebration of such annual festivals as Christmas 
and the New Year, the one, the New Year's Day of salvation to the 
sinning, suffering soul of man; the other, the New Year's Day of 
lengthened life to his body, and of renewed energy, fertility and joy 
to the whole world of animate and inanimate nature, by which he is 
surrounded. Let us then rejoice and be thankful that 

" The King of Light, Father of aged Time, 
Hath brought about that day, which is the prime 
To the slow. gliding months; when every eye 
Wears symptoms of a sober jollity, 
And every hand is ready to present 
Some service in a compliment." — Poole. 

and, as we each and all have already doubtless displayed, in gifts 
and kindness to our families and friends in private life, the warm 
and genial feelings, awakened by the birth of the New Year; so let 
us resolve to da} T , not to allow this society in which we all have so 
near and dear an interest, to be without some New Year's gift from 
each of us. 

4 Annual Address. 

It was amiably and well expressed by Bourne: "If I send a N< 
Year's gift to my friend, it shall be a token of my friendship: if | 
my benefactor, a token of my gratitude: if to the poor, which a 
this season must never be forgot, it shall be to make their hear? 
sing for joy: and give praise and adoration to the Giver of all go 
gifts." And another more recent writer observes: " On New Year' 
Day, the man of business opens new account-books; 'a good begii.« 
ing makes a good ending,"' Let every man open an account with 
himself, and so begin the New Year, that he may expect to say at il> 
termination, it has been a good year. In the hilarity of the season, 
let him not forget that, to the needy it is a season of discomfort. 

" There is a satisfaction, 
In doing a good action." 

and he who devises liberal things, will find his liberality return to 
him in a full tide of happiness." 

Now, in these remarks, so beautifully applicable to the general 
duties of the season, may also be found some special lessons for us. 
As we enter this place of meeting, our separate and individual feel- 
ings and interests become merged for the time, in the common con- 
cerns of our association. We must now think and feel as members 
of the Historic-Genealogical Society of New England. And no one 
here, I imagine, will be inclined to deny, that this society has the 
strongest claims upon our friendship and our gratitude. As the 
mental and the spiritual transcend, in beauty and in majesty, the 
material and mortal; so to every refined and cultivated mind, the 
dearest and most cherished friends must ever be those studies and 
pursuits, which tend, at once to enlighten and exalt the intellect, and 
to humanize and sanctify the heart. To this class belong preemi- 
nently, if purely and properly pursued, the studies, to whose culti- 
vation our society is devoted; and of which I may fairly observe in 
the words of Cicero: " IJcec quidem stuclia doctrine?., qua quidem pruden- 
iibus et bene inslitutis pariter cum cctate crescunt, ut honestum Mud Solon's 
sit, quod ait versiculo quodam, senescere se multa in dies addiscentem : qu 
voluptate animi nulla certe potest esse major," "and these indeed are the 
pursuits of learning, which with the discreet and well educated, 
keep pace with the progress of age, so that that is a fine observation 
of Solon's, when he declares in one of his verses, that 'every day 
which adds to his age, adds to his learning,' an intellectual pleasure 
than which none can be more intense." Such studies, and especial!} 
those of biography and history, have been also well denominated bv 
the same great author: " Solatio et oblectavienta vita," a title, tb 

Annual Address, 5 

acknowledged correctness of which, is sufficient to establish their 
claim, and the claim of the society, whose object is their promotion 
opon our warm and lasting 1 gratitude. This society moreover 
stands thus simultaneously towards each one of us, in the position 
of a friend and benefactor, conferring" great and important benefits; 
and also of a child, still asserting its claim upon oar tender affection 
and watchful care. Let us then, in regard to it "so begin the New 
Year, that, in the words of Hone, " we may expect to say at its 
termination, it has been a good year" and let us practically bear in 
mind the proverb "a good beginning makes a good ending." 

Impressed and depressed as the minds of most of you probably are, 
by the present political aspect of our country, it may at first appear 
to be an inappropriate and unfavorable time for proposing any mea- 
sure calculated to involve expense or risk; yet this is exactly what 
I am about to propose, as your New Year's gift and service to this 
society; and I hope to show you that, not only is the time appro- 
priate for such a proposal, but that those very circumstances of the 
time, which you and I so deeply lament and deplore, are precisely 
the circumstances which call for such renewed and increased efforts 
on our part, as may indeed render this New Year, at its termination, 
a good year to the prosperity and usefulness of our society. Let me 
first, however, briefly review the progress we have made during the 
past year, and our present position. We shall then the more cor 
rectly understand the point of departure from which we are now 
about to start. 

During the past year there have been added to the library 380 
bound volumes, 1898 pamphlets, 36 original MSS., and 20 volumes of 

There are 30 honorary members, 14 life members, 355 resident 
members, and a large number of corresponding members. Of these 
21 resident, 5 corresponding and 3 honorary members were admitted 
during the last year. 4 honorary, 7 resident and 3 corresponding 
members have deceased the past year And 16 biographical and 
genealogical notices of great interest have been prepared and read 
by our very accurate and able officer, Mr. Trask. 

Even from this brief summary, you will have learned some cheer- 
ing and gratifying facts. It is very gratifying and very cheering to 
know that, while so many public societies and private individuals 
have fallen into debt and difficulty during the past year, our society 
Btauds free and unincumbered; and that not one bill, properly audited, 
has ever had to be presented a second time for payment. 

6 Annual Address. 

For this healthy and creditable stale of affairs, we are, I am bound 
to say, greatly indebted to the ability and care of our excellent trea- 
surer, Mr. Towne. And from him I am authorized to announce to 
you that, providing a sufficient number of life memberships can be 
secured, by which the sum of $1000 will accrue to the society, there 
will be donated to it a like amount from one of its members. That 
this munificent offer will be fully carried out, you can have no better 
assurance than that of our treasurer, who, I am much inclined to 
suppose, is very strongly identified with the generous donor. I;. 
is also a source of satisfaction to learn that so large an. increase .of 
members has taken place during the last year, and that the total 
number of resident members reaches so respectable a number as 
355 — a number much larger than that of many learned societies of 
much older standing — consisting of persons of education, refine- 
ment and character. Many of the names upon the list are those 
of men well known to fame. The number and the nature of the 
papers read during the last 12 months have both been such as to 
reflect much credit on the labor and zeal of the gentlemen who pre- 
pared them. The value of the biographical notices especially can- 
not be too highly estimated, nor too gratefully acknowledged. The 
preparation of such papers is one of the most patent and proper 
duties of our society, nor can I too earnestly recommend for the 
imitation of all our brethren, the admirable example set them both 
by our former and present historiographers. I may have to allude 
to this subject again, and therefore will only pause at present to 
remark that such biographies, carefully and conscientiously pre- 
pared, deposited in the archives of the institution, and at the clo^< 
of each year bound in volumes, systematically arranged and furnish- 
ed with indexes, will form a body of literature of incalculable value 
to the present and future generation, and, as a consequence, will 
reflect the greatest credit on this our society. 

It is in no invidious spirit towards other societies of a partially 
similar character to our own that I refer, as / do most emphatically, t 
a feature in our constitution, which seems to me to be especially 
worthy of commendation, and to give the society a strong claim upon 
the encouragement and support of our fellow-citizens, 1 was about t 
say "of the educated classes" of our community; but, thauks to oiu 
liberal political institutions, and to the wise and noble men wi. 
framed them, we have no uneducated classes. I allude to the broci 
and liberal principle, which throws opon the door of our society t 
every man of cultivated mind and upright character; in this respec 


Annual Address. 

following ibe example of our sister institution of New York. We 
all know that, both in this country and in Europe, a narrow and ex- 
clusive, wrongly called "conservative" spirit, guides the action of 
many learned societies, and renders it a matter of great difficulty 
for any " novi Jiomincs" to gain admission within their jealously 
guarded precincts. 

I have examined with some care the lists of the members of some 
of these exclusive societies, and I have failed to discover that, as a 
body, they are superior, in point of learning, virtue, or any other 
mental or moral endowment, to hundreds of those so jealously ex- 
cluded from their ranks. Our society utterly ignores and rejects all 
such exclusiveness. Our object is, distinctly and avowedly, to pro- 
mote, in the most thorough and practical way, the studies of History 
and Genealogy. We believe that in a well educated community like 
that of Massachusetts, there are very few indeed, who are not quali- 
fied to assist, more or less, in this useful and patriotic work ; and 
still fewer, who, if they feel a present deficiency, do not desire to 
supply it, by seeking to gain the knowledge of which they stand in 
need; and therefore, putting aside all presumptuous claims and 
narrow distinctions, we invite all men of intelligence and good 
character, who appreciate the value and importance of these our 
special pursuits, to come and join us, and thus to assist in diffusing 
the beneficial results of our labors more widely and generally 
throughout our country. 

These are all cheering and gratifying points in the review of our 
progress thus far; and now I repeat that renewed exertions and an 
enlarged machinery are needed by our society, and that the present 
critical and trying time is precisely that which, so far from being in- 
auspicious and unfavorable to such a proposal, imperatively calls for 
it, in the strong united tones of duty and of patriotism. Turn back 
with me the glance of memory over even the last twelve months — 
the retrospect indeed is a sad one, and yet, with all the sadness, 
there mingles the feeling of a just and lofty pride. How many a 
noble son of America and Massachusetts after having endured suf- 
ferings and sacrifices, and performed deeds of valor, unsurpassed 
by the best men and bravest heroes of any land or age, has that brief 
period seen borne to his bloody grave. To a certain extent, indeed, 
it is all too true that 

" We've fallen on gloomy days. 
Star after star decays ; 
Many a bright name, that shed 
Light o'er our land is lied ! 

Annual Jlddress. 

Dark falls the tear of him that mourneth 
Lost joy or hope that ne'er returneth : 

But brightly flows the tear 

Wept on a soldier's bier ! 
* ****** 
But peace to each manly soul that sleepeth, 
Rest to each faithful eye that weepeth ! 

Long may the fair and hrave 

Sigh o'er each hero's grave ! " 

Yes! here lies our consolation, and the comfort and consolation o: 
the many mourning hearts throughout our land. Few indeed art 
there amongst us, who have not been called to bewail the loss < 
some one near and dear amongst the hero-dead, that have been 
offered, voluntary victims, on the sacred altar of their county's libei 
ty and safety; but amidst all our mourning, we derive some consola-j 
tion from the thought, that 

" Brightly flows the tear 
Wept o'er a hero's bier." 

To each and all of these, our honored hero-dead, the words of the 
great Grecian orator, uttered above the funeral-pyre of his countr; 
men, slain in a like defence of a noble republic against a tyrannic 
and helot-holding oligarchy, arc peculiarly applicable. I give yo 
their purport in Dr. Arnold's summary and paraphrase: " They ha\ 
died for their country and her praise is theirs. My task is then mosth 
completed; yet it may be added, that their glorious and beautiful 
lives have been crowned by a most glorious death. Enjoying ami 
enjoyed as had been their life, it never tempted them to seek by un- 
worthy fear to prolong it. To repel -their country's enemies was 
dearer to them than the fairest prospect which added years coul • 
offer them; and having gained this, they were content to die; and 
their last field witnessed their brightest glory, undimmed by a sing' 
thought of weakness. Let us follow, then, their example, contem- 
plating our country's greatness, till our minds and hearts are fully j 
inspired with a sense and a love of it! This is but the natural fruit 
of virtues such as theirs, whom we are now lamenting. They, when 
they could give her nothing else, gave her their own lives, and their n- - 
turn is an enduring monument in every heart, in every land, forever! Le< 
us do likewise, remembering that to us to live conquered and eV 
graded, after so much dominion and glory, would be far more bitu 
than the momentary pang of triumphant death! There is also 01: ' 
brief passage in this speech so gloriously eloquent, that I cannot re- 
frain from giving you the literal translation of the Greek — It is thi: 

Annual Address. 9 

11 For the whole world is the grave of illustrious heroes, nor is it 
merely the inscription upon monuments in their native land, that pre- 
perves their memory: but even in the land of foreigners, there is 
cherished in regard 10 them, an unwritten memorial of the heart, rather 
than of a material monument." 

Those noble words of Pericles, or rather of Tbucydides, so strik- 
ingly appropriate to the glorious deeds and glorious deaths of our 
warrior-slain, ought to endear the study of Grecian history to every 
American heart. It is most gratifying to know that the spirited and 
patriotic diligence of some of our members, has secured for our 
archives, memoirs of several of those noble lives given by the old 
Bay State to the cause of our country. But of very many, we have, as 
yet, no record. This deficiency I would urge you earnestly to lose no 
time in supplying. Let it not be said that this New England Society, 
professedly devoted to the studies of Biography and History, has failed 
to secure and register an authentic memorial of even one of that host of 
New England heroes, who, since the commencement o( this unhappy 
war, have attested by their life-blood, their love of country, of constitu- 
tion and of liberty 1 This duty, then, I would in the first place, respect- 
fully, but energetically, commend to the prompt and earnest attention 
of all my brethren of this society. As } 7 et, the means and materials for 
its fulfillment are easily accessible; but every month, nay, every week, 
and every day, will make its effective performance more difficult and 
laborious. Let not the anniversary of this, our first meeting of the 
new year, return, without seeing our library supplied with a com- 
plete list of these records of the patriotic heroism by which this dark 
and trying time of our republic has been so gracefully adorned, and 
so brightly illustrated. Nor would I have records merely in the 
form of MSS., but as they so well deserve, in the more permanent and 
more useful form of volumes printed and published by our society. 
\Ye should then have, even in that collection alone, a library of ines- 
timable value, full of the most soul-inspiring life-lessons for the 
instruction and elevation of the hearts and minds of our childrens' 
children; lessons that will, with God's blessing, prove the strongest 
and most enduring bulwark through all time, of American pros- 
perity, power and independence! And before I leave this subject, 
let me observe, as a matter of no slight significance and importance, 
more particularly to such a society as ours, that the majority of 
those, our departed heroes of whom I have been speaking, were as 
distinguished for their love of literature and of history, as for their 
valor on the battle-field. Almost all of them might, could he come 

10 Jinamal Address. 

once more among us, fairly appropriate to himself and his career, t!.< 
words of Cicero, in his well-known defence of Archias, "Nisi mol 
to r um praceptis multisque Uteris mild ah adokscenlia suasissem, nihil esse in 
vita magnopere expetendum, nisi laudem et honestatem: in ea a.uUm pers- 
quenda omnes cruciatus corporis, omnia pericula mortis atque exsilii ) 'par-. 
esse ducenda ; nunquum me, pro salute vest r a, in tot ac tantas dimication* 
atque in hos projligatoruvi hominum quotidianos impetus ohfecisscm" whici: 
I may freely translate, as addressed by them to America in general, 
and to their native state in particular : " Had I not thoroughly c< ;. 
vinced myself, from my youth upwards, by the example and instnie 
tion of many, and by much reading, that nothing in life was worthy 
of eager pursuit, except glory and honor: but that in seeking i 
attain these, all sufferings of the body, all dangers of death and exili 
ought to be esteemed of little account, I would never have expose-. 
m} 7 self in d< fence of your safety, to so many and so deadly struggles, 
and to those constant attacks of reckless rebels." 

And again, m} 7 friends, I would not be content, nor have you t 
be content, even with these documentary memorials of our illustrion 
dead, all valuable and desirable as these mav be, I would have th 
very form and features of each of this glorious band of patriot in;.: 
tyrs kept in familiar presence before the eyes of the members an 
friends of our society in the sculptured marble, and on the paint* 
canvas. It was a wise and admirable custom of the ancient Greek 
and Romans, to consecrate the cognate arts of sculpture and of pais 
ing, to the preservation of the memory of their departed great on- 
Nor was it merely their temples, council halls, and other pub! 
buildings, that were thus adorned with the forms and the faces of ilh:- 
trious statesmen, warriors, patriots, but even each private citizen ■ 
moderate means and rank, was greeted, as he entered the hall of i 
home, with the sight of busts and portraits, whose expressive fi 
tures, illumined by the light of noble deeds, warned him to av- 
ail that was mean, and cowardly, and base, and to aim at and sc< 
after "pro virile parte," with all the power at .his command, the v: 
tuous, the patriotic and the noble 1 

Even these two suggestions which I have thus, under the str< s 

impulse of duty, ventured to offer for your consideration — the <' 

of an extended library of contemporaneous biography, the other 

an auxiliary collection of busts and portraits, must either presupp 

or involve as a necessary consequence, another very serious &: 

important step — a step from which, at a time of pecuniary pal 

embarrassment like the present, the society may, at first sig 




Annual Address. 1 1 

somewhat shrink, but which I believe to be of absolute and essential 
consequence to its continued and increased vigor and usefulness. I 
allude, of course, to the procuring" of a building capable of accommo- 
dating such collections with convenience, as well as of affording for 
our meetings a hall better adapted by situation, size and architect- 
ure, to the enlarged numbers, and now acknowledged dignity of our 
society. I recently had the pleasure of inspecting the rooms and 
equipments of a kindred society, and that society not a very old one, 
in the cit} T of New York — the New York Historical Society, and I 
confess that something of chagrin, though not, I trust, of ungenerous 
envy, mingled with the admiration, which that inspection excited 
within me. In addition to many other things of vast utility in pro- 
moting the special aims of the society, I saw there a large, valua- 
ble and admirably arranged library, in which the historical student 
can scarcely fail to find each and every book required for the effect- • 
ive prosecution of his studies and researches. But in addition to 
this, I was at once surprised and gratified to find embodied among 
the treasures of the society, and located in its library, a vast and 
various collection of Egyptian antiquities, comprising upwards of 
eleven hundred specimens, many of them very rare and valuable, of 
ancient Egyptian art. 

This splendid collection has become the property of the society 
through the munificence of the citizens of New York, and as I gazed 
upon it, and reflected upon a fact so creditable to the generosity and 
public spirit of a community which, with perhaps a somewhat exag- 
gerated sense of literary superiority, we of Boston are apt to identify 
chiefly with the successful pursuit of trade and commerce, I could 
not altogether suppress a hope that so noble an example might act 
as a wholesome stimulus upon the public spirit of our city, in impell- 
ing it to encourage and help in some similar way, or by the gift of 
a suitable site for our new offices, an institution which has now given 
simple proof, as well of its great usefulness to the community, as of 
the liberal character of its constitution and arrangements. But this 
was by no means all that attracted my attention in the rooms of the 
Xew York Historical Society, the visitor to which may gratify his 
curiosity and love of the antique, by an inspection of the Lenox 
Collection of Nineveh Sculptures, a collection which, when increased, 
as it shortly will be, by the American collections now awaiting the 
space and means of arrangement, will, I am informed, bear to be 
compared with the far-famed Nineveh Remains of the Sloane Museum 
of London. Besides these relics of ancient art, which are the pro- 


12 Jlnnual Address, 

perty of the society, its general attractiveness and means of useful- 
ness have been largely increased, by its becoming the custodian and 
exhibitor of the New York Gallery of Fine Arts, a collection with which 
must ever be honorably associated the name of Luman Reed, to whose 
cultivated taste, sound judgment and expansive generosity, that 
Gallery of Art owes its foundation. Other interesting collections of 
paintings are there deposited also for exhibition, and the generosity 
both of artists and of the friends of history and art, has been dis- 
played in presenting many valuable portraits as gifts to the society. 
Here again I would say, not to our members alone, but to the friends 
of history and biography in learned and literary Boston, " Go ye and 
do likewise." 

Many of you will agree with me, as well in m} T admiration of this 
New York institution, and of the munificence of the community in 
affording it such liberal and valuable support, as in regard to the 
desirability of securing for ourselves a more eligible and commodi- 
ous building, adorned with suitable apparatus, in the form I have 
suggested of library, busts and paintings; and yet may consider it 
little better than an Utopian dream, to propose the attainment of 
such an object at the present time. Pardon me, if I dissent from 
this doubt. Through a life of some length, I have maintained a firm 
and unwavering faith in the prompitude and willingness of the 
citizens of Boston, to encourage and support any cause, that should 
exhibit substantial proof of its intrinsic worth and its public utility. 
Such proof has now been afforded by the unobtrusive, but steady and 
persevering labors of this society, during a period more than long 
enough to test the soundness and merit of any undertaking; and I 
cannot bring myself to believe that the public of Boston will show 
less liberality towards a society, whose labors appeal more directly, 
through the channels of biography and genealogy, to the sympathy 
and support of each individual member of the community, than that 
of commercial New York has exhibited towards one, whose wider 
and less personal field of history, unassociated with .these kindred 
departments, causes its column of interest to rest solely and entirely 
on the broad basis of love of literature. 

Do not imagine, I pray you, that I would seek this public support 
"in forma pauperis" or as begging any favor. I should be very 
sorry to make even a remote allusion to such a topic, did I not be- 
lieve that we deserved it, as a matter of justice and of right. New 
England at large, and Massachusetts more particularly, and Boston 
most of all, already owe a deep debt to the labors of this society. 

Jlnnual Address. 13 

collective and individual, for a very large number of most interest- 
ing and valuable memoirs of citizens, prepared by our members not 
alone for the journals of our institution, but for the public press of 
Boston; and should the community come forward to-morrow and pre- 
sent us with the free gift of a commodious and handsome building, 
it would only be discharging a just debt of gratitude. But though 
I confidently look for this eventual recognition of our claims and 
services, I would not wait for, or depend upon it alone just now. It 
was a true and pithy saying of one, whose memory is dear to every 
son of Boston, that " God helps those who help themselves," and I 
believe that, even now, how dark soever the political and pecuniary 
atmosphere all around may be, sufficient public spirit and sense of 
individual duty will be found, even in our own body, to supply the 
means for building, or otherwise securing, both a more convenient 
and eligible building than this, and also for forming the nucleus, at 
least, of that collection of sculpture and painting, which I hold to 
be of such vital consequence to the successful prosecution of our 
labors, in the promotion of biographical and historical studies. 1 Nor 
do I, for a moment doubt, that even now, as soon as proof is 
afforded of this our willingness to "help ourselves " that, so far at 
all events as the site for a building is concerned, the city will be 
ready and willing to extend to us a helping hand. In this, as in 
many another cause, success depends upon a just and well-founded 
courage and confidence. I, fur one, believe we deserve it. I feel 
sure that the circumstances of the time are precisely such as de- 
mand a vigorous and self-sacrificing effort on our part, and no less 
confident am I, that if we put forth that effort, pulling with a "long 
pull and a strong pull, and a pull all together" we shall succeed, 
and thus render the year that is now new, when it becomes old and 
draws towards its end, emphatically a good year for our society and 
for our own consciences. At all events, I would say, let us simply 
endeavor in this as in all else, to discover the path of duty, and, 
having so discovered, to pursue it manfully and fearlessly, taking as 
our motto, the noble words of Addison, 

" 'Tis not in mortals to command success, 
But we'll do more, Sempronius, we'll deserve it." 1 

And now, my friends, before I ofTer for your consideration another 

1 A member of the society has already offered to he one of thirty to contribute 
$1000 each, making a total of $30,000, to furnish the society with a suitable build- 

14 Annual Address. 

suggestion, to my mind of very weighty importance, permit me i 
deprecate the idea of assuming to myself any greater knowledge 
wisdom than is possessed by Ihose around me. I am very conscio; 
that many, that most of my brethren of this society are far on • 
competent than T, to afford you wise and wholesome counsel; I 
you will, I am sure, give me credit for being sincerely desirous 
promoting the lasting usefulness and well-being of a society i 
which, from the first, I have taken so deep and lively an interest 
nor do I think that its younger members will be unwilling to lisU 
to such suggestions, as a life neither of short duration, nor limit. 
or little experience and familiarity with such studies and pursuit?, ;. 
form more especially the subjects of our labors and lucubration-, 
may in some degree qualify me to present to them. Perhaps,] 
towards them, at least, I may, without immodesty or presumption; 
adopt the words of the great orator, "Rome's best mortal mind, ; 
from whom I have already made more than one quotation: "Nihil] 
necesse est mihi de me ipso dicere: quanquam est id qnidam senile, cctatiqu 
nostrce conad'durP We are living and acting a history, which it wili 
be the task and duty — a most solemn and momentous one — of ourj 
successors to record truly and impartially: at present, passion and] 
prejudice and party feeling, are all too strongly and keenly excite : 
to render it possible for the most conscientious and upright raai 
amongst us to give a strictly truthful and impartial account, even . 
of those occurrences which are daily taking place within his owe 
immediate sphere of observation. We have only to glance at and 
compare the accounts of such occurrences in the more respectabh 
journals of opposite sides of politics, to be thoroughly convinced oi 
the truth of this assertion. Fair and impartial history cannot 1 
written till the eyes of the historian are cleared, by the lapse < f 
time, and the subsidence of excitement, from all the obscuring film? 
of prejudice and passion, by which the vision of the most conscien- 
tious and upright is almost as liable to be darkened and pervern : 
for a time, as that of the avowed political partizan, visionary en 
thusiast or bigoted fanatic. It is not uncommon to hear amor - 
those who foolishly strive to depreciate the study of history an : 
biography, such an inference as this, drawn from the diverse an 
contradictory colorings given by different narrators to events whic 
happen in our own time and almost within our own personal cogni 
ance: " If (they say) it is so difficult to ascertain the exact truth 
such events as these, transpiring in our own immediate neighborly 
and time, how can we place any confident reliance on the records 
ancient history, on the works of those who lived so long ago 

.Annual Jlddress. 15 

Herodotus and Thucydidos and Livy, or even of the comparatively 
modern authors of European history?" The objection appears, at 
first sight, very fair and specious, but only at first sight. A little re- 
flection will show that it rests on no better or more solid foundation 
than many another smart saying and sneering criticism, that from 
lime to time have been launched against all that is venerable and 
holy in knowledge and religion. For my own part I can sit down 
and peruse Thucydides' History of the Pehponncsian War with far 
more security and confidence than I feel while reading many a record 
of events that occurred in the last generation. More or less of the 
dross of the original jealousies and prejudices of country, sect or 
party, still adheres to, and alloys the pure metal of fact and truth, 
in these more recent narratives. But the long lapse of time and the 
persevering labors of a stern, searching and antagonistic criticism, 
have long since cleared away from those ancient records, all this 
obscurity and corrupting dross, while moreover our owu eyes, un- 
dimmed by any shade of party or personal or national prejudice, are, 
in this case, qualified more readily and perfectly to discern the 
golden vein of truth. 

" What bearing has all this " you may ask, "on the present duty of 
tin's our society?'' I answer, a most important one. It is not, as I 
have said, in our power at present to write a correct and impartial 
history of the mighty and momentous struggle, through which our 
beloved country, and as represented by her, the high and holy cause 
of the progress, civilization and freedom of humanity at large, are 
now passing; but it is in our power to secure and provide for our 
successors the means necessary to the fair and full accomplishment 
of that most onerous and most responsible duty. I think it was first 
some remarks of Lord Macaulay, an observation of the sources from 
which he drew so large an amount of graphic and life-like pictures 
of English history; and secondly, some suggestions of my esteemed 
friend, the Librarian of Harvard University, that originally impressed 
upon my mind, the great importance of preserving for the after use 

of the historian, the various journals, pamphlets and periodicals, that 
emanate from the press, more especially in a period of great event, 
and consequently of great excitement like the present. 

Publications, that may seem to us even of a very trivial or worth- 
less kind, may prove of immense, almost incalculable value to him, 
who amid the calm of a more peaceful future, shall undertake this 
mighty task of giving a true and life-like picture of the stirring and 
startling events, in the midst of which we are moving, living, acting 

16 Annual Jlddrcss. 

and of the more secret, as well as more powerful motive power 
have propelled and sustained the machinery of those events ii 
rapid and resistless action. 

An apt illustration of this value to the historian, of documc 
that might to a superficial eye, appear utterly useless for Li- 
purposes, and indeed in their nature, quite unsuited to the digni 
history, just occurs to me in connection with Macaulay's celebrai 
work; in the early part of which, when examining" the conditio 
artisans and laborers in the reign of Charles II, he draws valuaj 
information from so low and insignificant a source as a ballad .of 
time, preserved in the British Museum. Yon will not deem it irrd 
vant in me to quote his words: " The common people of that ij 
were not in the habit of meeting for public discussion, or of hail 
guing, or of petitioning Parliament. No newspaper pleaded t\i 
cause. It was in rude rhyme that their love and hatred, thi 
exultation and distress, found utterance. A great part of their Ii 
tory is to be learned only from their ballads. One of the most ; 
markable of the lays chanted about the streets of Norwich and Le-i 
in the time of Charles the II, may still be read in the original 'broj 
side.' 1 will quote a few lines, premising that it is a master clotli| 
who is supposed to be speaking: 

c We will make them work hard for sixpence a day, 
Though a shilling they deserve, if they had their full pay 
If at all they murmur, and say it is too small, 
We hid them choose whether they'll work at all. 
Then hey ! for the clothing trade ! It goes on brave, 
We scorn for to toyl and moyl, nor yet to slave ; 
Our icorkmen do work hard, but we live at ease, 
We go when we will, and come when we please.' " 

Now who, I ask you, even of the most intelligent and far-see:? 
persons that may have heard that rude doggerel sung in the street >\ 
Leeds or Norwich would or could have anticipated that, two hui: j 
years afterwards, one of the most accomplished of modern histori 1 
and scholars, would derive from it, strong corroborative evideuc j 
the condition of the English artisan in their own time ? Yet such 'i 
been the case ! 

Is not this then a strong and striking warning to us, to pres< r 
in the archives of our society, copies of the journals, periodicals. ;1 
litical pamphlets, yes, and even satirical squibs and caricatures \ 
this eventful time, as likely to be of equal or greater benefit to i 
future historian of the great American civil war? I feel my.- 1 
warranted in commending this suggestion to your thoughtful ccij 

Annual Address. 


•leration, belie ring", as I do, that every member, may, in this way, at 
v*rv little cost or trouble to himself, confer a valuable service, not 
alone upon our institution now, but upon the cause of truth, and the 
interests of our posterity hereafter. And, as our librarian is already 
more than sufficiently tasked by the present labors of his ofilce, I 
would add the further suggestion, that those, who may think this 
hint worthy of adoption, should so arrange their respective col- 
lections of such fugitive literature in volumes similar to those already 
.•:i our shelves, that they will entail no further trouble on the libra- 
rian, than that of labeling and entering thorn on the catalogue. 

There are not a few kindred topics on which I would willingly 
dwell, but I feel, gentlemen, that I have already trespassed on your 
kind patience too long. I feel very deeply impressed with the im- 
portance of the measures, which I have ventured to commend to 
your attention. I believe those measures would be fraught with 
great and enduring benefit to our society, and 1 also believe them to 
be not only possible, but practicable. If, however, your mature consi- 
deration and collective wisdom should be in an opposite conclusion, 
then I would only ask you to believe, that they have originated in 
the promptings of a heart sincerely and ardently desirous of seeing 
this society raised to that elevated rank and extended sphere of 
usefulness, the attainment of which would at once, in my opinion, bo 
a most just reward of its own labors and pursuits, and a most solid 
and enduring benefit to the people of New England. 

However this may be, I conclude, as I began, with an earnest 
prayer, that you all, and this, our society in particular, may, at its 
termination, have reason to acknowledge with gratitude to the Giver 
of all Good, that this New Year shall have proved a Good Year! 



of Boston.* 



New Hampshire. 


Rhode Island. 


New York. 
New Jersey. 
Mary lurid. 


Rev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Boston. 
Hon. John Appleton, A. M., of Bangor. 
Hon. Samuel I). Bell, LL. D., of Manchester. 
Henry Clark of Poultney. 
John Barstow of Providence. 
Rev. P. W. Chapman, A. M., of Ellington. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, 
Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL. 1)., of Buffalo. 
Hon. Joseph C. Uornblov. er, LL. D., of Newark. 
Hon. William Darlington. M. D., LL. D.,*of West Chester 
S. F. Streeter, A. M., of Baltimore. 
Hon. Elijah Hay-ward, A. B., of Connelsville. 
Hon. Lewis Cass, LL. D., of Detroit. 
Hon. Ballard Smith of Terre Haute. 
Hon. John Wentworth, A. M., of Chicago. 
Cyrus Woodman, A. M., of Mineral Point. 
Rt. Lev. Henry W. Lee, D. D., of Davenport. 

Corresponding Secretary, 
Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A. M., of Roxbury.* 

[Recording Secretary, 
Edward S. Rand, Jr., A. M., of Boston. * 

William B. Towne of Brookline.* 

William B. Trask of Dorchester.* 

John H. Siietpard, A. M. 

of Boston. 

Editor of tho Historical and Genealogical [Register, 
John Ward Dean of Boston. 

Directors, Standing Committees; and Trustees. 
Directors. Committee on Finance. 

Rev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Boston. ! Frederick Kidder of Boston.* 
Joseph Palmer, A. M., M. D., of Boston. } Hon. George W. Messinger of Boston. 

John Ward Dean of Boston. 
Hon. George W. Messinger. 
John Barstow of Providence, R. 

J. Tisdale Bradlee of Boston. 
! John M. Bradbury of Boston. 
! Committee on the Library. 

\ Jeremiah Colburn of Boston.* 
! Rev. Abner Morse, A. M., of Boston. 
! Richard Briggs of Brookline. 

William S. Appleton, A. B., of Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Property and Fuw 
Almon D. Hodges of Roxbury. 
Committee on Lectures and Essays. Frederic Kidder of Boston. 

rxr.yy,. -n , T s - -r, , -, . Th oma s >V a t eriuan of Bos t on. 

uilham Read Deane of Brookline. 

Rev. F. W. Holland, A. M., of Cambridge. ! Trustees of the Barstow Fund. 

Rev. W. Gilbert, A. M., of West Newton. | William B. Towne of Brookline. 
Thomas Cushing, A. M., of Boston. I Almon D. Hodges of Roxbury. 

J. Gardner White, A. M., of Boston. I J. Tisdale Bradlee of Boston. 

Publishing Committee. 
William B. Trask of Dorchester .* 
Hon. Chas. Hudson, A.M., of Lexington, 
Rev. Elias Nason, A. M., of Exeter, N. H. 
John Ward Dean of Boston. 
William H. Whitmore of Boston. 

* These ■with the past presidents, Kev Joseph B. Felt. LL. D., of Salem, Hon. William Whiting. A y - 
of Koxbury, Samuel G. Drake, A. M., of Boston, and Coi. A. D. Hodges of Roxbury, are ex-ojjicio p 
bers of the Board of Directors. The treasurer ii ex-oiikio a member of the Finance, uud the librarian 
the Library Committee. 

'— (,-, > 



P 1! E S 1 1) E N 'J' 

leu? tfnqtantl ^iir4ovtc-<5cncntoaknt J^eieUi, 


JANUARY Gtii, 18C4, 



ALBANY. N. Y. : 



bf«l*UM»^ii'. J y».jb«>iiiwuai:.a^Itt<WHtiK>SniWi£uI 


P R E S 1 1) E N T 

ilea* (cngtiuul .aUstovu-tacatoflicat Society, 


JANUARY Oth. 1804, 



ALBANY. N. Y. : 




Gentlemen, Members and Friends of our Society. 

Tin's day — the 6th of January — and the first of our meeting- in the 
new year, is an anniversary of no slight note, in the annals alike of 
the Christian church, and in those of the social life of the old "Mother 
Country," from which all derive, not only our descent, but so many 
bright and good old memories, associations, anniversaries, whose 
light, still gently gleaming down upon us, through the portals of the 
Past, gives a soft and mellowed mildness to the otherwise too keen 
and piercing glare of the practical, utilitarian, money-making Present. 
To-day the church celebrates the Feasts of the Epiphany, or the mani- 
festation of the Savior of Mankind by the leading of a .star to the 
magi of the east — that event, so beautifully commemorated in Bishop 
Ueber 1 s Hymn, which commences, 

" Brightest and Lest of the sons of the morning, 
Dawn on our darkness and lend us thine aid, 
Star of the cast, the horizon adorning, 
Guide where our Infant-Redeemer is laid." 

This day is also an anniversary of joy and feasting in Old England, 
under the name of Twelfth-Day, so full of pleasant memories and 
happy anticipations, especially to the young and light-hearted. " Few- 
are unmoved by either agreeable or painful feelings, on account of 
aucient customs coming to their notice. We are in general similarly 
and more affected by recollections of sports familiar and dear to our 
childhood ; which man, more than time, has changed, sometimes, and 
always to our thinking, for the worse." 

If you ask, what have such associations and memories as these to 
do with our society and our meeting to-day? I answer much, , very 

In the first place, without giving countenance to any of those 
superstitious feelings which led the ancient Persians, Greeks and 
Romans to select fortunate or "lucky days" for the performance of 
any important work, and which even in our own time, make many a 
hardy mariner, who would fearlessly encounter the most terrible 
dangers of the sea, shrink timidly from leaving port on a Friday, 
there is, nevertheless, something cheering and encouraging in enter- 
ing upon any important work, which strongly enlists our interests, 
sympathies and hopes, on a day that has become illumined by fortu- 
nate and happy associations. And thus I hail it as a good omen for 
the increasing success of our society during the ensuing year, that 
we thus hold our first meeting on the blessed and blissful double 
anniversary of the Epiphany and of Twelfth-Day. But something 
more than this has led me to revert to these memories. Such a soci- 
ety as ours, wdiose labors are mainly devoted to tracing back the 

• 7 r 

- "^-N 

4 Annual Address of the President. 

history of our country and race, and the biography of our forefatlw 
and friends, must, or ought to be, peculiarly alive to the inten -i r 
importance of those old anniversaries, festivals of the church, fesi 
gatherings of the castle, the manor house, the homestead and i 
village, green, which form so prominent a feature in the public ;i 
private life of the old homeland, to which we must still look lovin 
and reverently back, as the parent and source of all that is best re 
noblest ; whether in the justice and wisdom of our laws, the freed< : 
of our political institutions, or the energy, enterprise, perseveran 
and valor, that have raised the citizens and soldiers of America t 
the very front rank, alike of the pioneers of peace and civilizatii i 
and of the dauntless heroes of the most terrible and deadly war t 
world has ever witnessed. 

We all have much to be thankful for at this opening of the new 
year, and no less ungraceful than ungrateful would it be to leave 
our thanks altogether unexpressed. The heart of each one of us here 
present will suggest many causes for gratitude to the Great ami 
Good Being, who has given us to-day, in the midst of all earth's tri- 
als, so much cause for joy and comfort. For myself, at all event-, 
who, during the past year, have suffered from an illness, which, in 
addition to its other trials, has prevented rue, for many months, from 
sharing in your conferences and councils — 1 feel that I owe a deou 
debt of gratitude to the merciful Providence that has thus permitted 
me to resume my wonted place among those who have no less hon- 
ored me by their public confidence, than they have cheered me by 
their private friendship and esteem. 

But, over and above all considerations of a more personal nature. 
1 think you will all agree with me, in deeming it to be a cause of 
congratulation, both to the two kindred countries, and to our society, 
every member of which, the further he pursues his historical and 
genealogical investigations, must feel the bond of relationship between 
New and Old England to be the closer and stronger — that those feel- 
ings of estrangement and almost of hostility, which had unhappily 
arisen between the two great Anglo-Saxon nations, have now been 
very greatly done away with, partly by the acts of the British gov- 
ernment, and still more, by the free, frank voice of the English people. 
I think 1 may venture to say, in the name of our society, that wo 
should deprecate estrangement, and much more, hostility, between 
America and England, as a circumstance to be deeply deplored by 
' every friend of freedom, civilization and progress. Sprung from a 
common parent stock, speaking the same language, sharing in :i 
common heritage of so much of glory, won in every field of thought 
and action, by the great and good of by-gone ages, claiming a jusl 
and equal portion of the rich intellectual inheritance handed down 
to us from Spencer and Chaucer, Milton and Shakespeare, Goldsmith 
and Johnson, Robertson and Gibbon — united thus by a chain of kin- 
dred, whose links are formed from such firm and fair materials as 
kinship, religion, language, literature, law and freedom, surely we, 
the strong sons of a strong sire, ought to feel that nothing short o! 
the most direful necessity ought to be allowed to kindle in our heart- 
any hostile feedings against our " Old Home." 

And now, to turn from external affairs to those more intimately 
connected with our society, I lind from the information afforded in ■■ 


Annual Address of tlie President. 

|,v our treasurer, secretaries and librarian, that here we have much 
cause for satisfaction and rejoicing. During the past year, our soci- 
ety has continued to make good and steady progress. It has added 
many distinguished members, both native and foreign, to its lists, 
and many valuable books and pamphlets to its library, so that to- 
day, we can point with a just pride to a roll of about 500 members, 
and a catalogue of 6,000 volumes, and 10,000 pamphlets. To this 
number, is to be added the donation of the late Lt. Gov. Henry W. 
Cushman, of about GOO books, and 500 copies of the genealogy of 
the Cushman family, the last to be disposed of by the society, the 
proceeds to constitute a separate fund, to be set apart for binding 
Xc. The biography of this eminent friend and benefactor of our so- 
ciety, will be given in a short time by our historiographer, and detailed 
in a more faithful and more eloquent manner than I could flatter 
myself to be able to accomplish. If we compare this state of things 
with the small beginning of five members, with which the -society 
started in 1844, so large a measure of success must equally excite 
our surprise, and stimulate our gratitude towards those officers and 
members, who have been so greatly instrumental in promoting this 
healthy and prosperous condition of our affairs. And, while I know 
that a fair and liberal share of that gratitude is due to the gentle- 
men who have formerly, at different times, occupied the working* 
offices amongst us, I am sure you will all agree with me in acknowl- 
edging our deep indebtedness to our present staff, and especially to 
our respected and energetic treasurer, who continues to manage the 
pecuniary affairs of the society with such ability, punctuality and 

I cannot advert, however, to this increasing success of the society, 
particularly in the library department, without once more dwelling 
upon the urgent need there is — more urgent noiv than ever — for better, 
more capacious, and safer premises. Now, more than ever before, 
we need, first of all, a lire-proof room to secure our books, pamphlets, 
and other documents. The same amount of rare and valuable docu- 
ments on New England genealogy and biography is not to be found 
in the archives of any other society in existence ; and were such a 
calamity as fire to destroy this collection, would be irreparable, not 
only alone to us, but to the people of New England at large. We 
require, also, ami the present position of the society imperatively 
demands, that we should have a larger and more commodious hall, 
in which to hold our monthly meetings. Much mutual good would 
result from inviting the attendance of our wives and daughters and 
other ladies, to listen to the monthly lectures, which are as interest- 
ing as, and certainly more instructive, than many of a more preten- 
tious character, delivered in other institutions. But a lecture-room, 
to be attractive to a fair and refined audience, ought to afford not 
only sufficient accommodation, but also something of artistic grace 
and beauty. However we may honor tin.' stern simplicity of our 
Puritan ancestors, it can not be denied that greater knowledge of the 
human heart has been shown by those, who, in various ages, have 
striven to give to their ecclesiastical buildings, and other places of 
public resort, all the adornment that architectural science and a^s- 
tlsetie taste could bestow : and the more cultivated and refined soci- 

" Ancient of Days ! August Athena! where, 
" Where are thy men of mi^hr ? thy grand in soul ' 

' Gone ! glimnn ring through tin 1 dream of tiling.-, that were. 
' ; First in the race that ted to CUoiy's goal, 
" They won ami passed away ! — i* this the whole ? 

6 Annual Address of the President. 

ety becomes, the more need is there for paying careful attention 
these outer accessories. For my own part, I do not hesitate to s; 
that in visiting the old cathedrals of England and of the contin 
of Europe, I have felt my spirit to be raised and solemnized even i 
the architeetual grandeur and beauty of the buildings — the ! 
and lofty aisles — the rich tracery — tin. 1 life-like sculpture — and I 
the dim and mellowed light streaming down through the old stu 
windows in their deeply mullioned recesses — and when, with !'• 
ings thus attuned by the eye to the contemplation of the- lofty n 
sublime, there has arisen on my car the grand and swelling pi . 
the organ, pouring forth some sacred, soul-stirring symphony of .\h 
delsohn or Handel, I have felt as though earth and earthly thiii 
were put away, while in their place there breathed around me t 
spirit and the voice of the holy and the heavenly. 

And the same law of aesthetic association applies to halls devoh 
to the study of science, of history, of art, aye, and let me add ( ■■• 
of politics, as well as to the edifices consecrated to religion. \V, 
was the importance of this fact recognized by the free and enlig; 
ened people of ancient Athens. 

Each temple, hull and portico ---- nay, every private house of :e 
mark in that glorious centre and metropolis of philosophy and - 
once, was not only built in a pure and graceful style of architect 
but was adorned with the images and statues of the great and ge< 
of former ages. By this means in private life, constant lessons 
valor, virtue and knowledge were afforded to the young, in ih 
fathers' homes, while in public, the patriot-orator could point to I 
statutes of Harmodius and Aristogiton — of Cadmus, the patriot kii 
— Miltiades, Aristides, and all the rest of the heroic band who ! 
fought and bled and died in defence of Greece's freedom. The tea 
er of philosopy could illustrate and enforce his lessons by the all l« 
breathing images of Pythagoras, of Socrates, and of Plato. The ] 
could derive fresh inspiration from gazing on the rapt features of ' 
mer, of ^Eschylus, of Sophocles, of Alcieus and Pindar and Sap}' 
The mathematician was cheered and sustained in his arduous stud 
by contemplating the countenances of Anaxagoras, Anaximander, ' 
clid, and the other great Grecian masters of scientific research. 
whom we, of this modern time, owe so deep and eternal obligaii 
Yes, all Athens was one vast temple, adorned with the images ot ■ 
that was greatest, noblest, best and bravest in that olden time, 
the united realms of poetry and philosophy, patriotism, valor ;•' 
learning ; and the high position accorded to her even in the days 
her decline, "when captive Greece took captive cenquering In- 
sufficiently attests the mighty and marvelous effects of this a?stm 
teaching ; nor is it less attested by the veneration in which her 1 
guage and literature 1 and remains of ait are held to this day in 
cultivated communities, as well as by the feeling of 
which we think of her departed glory — a feeling so well end 
in Bvron's words : 


Annual Address of the President. 

" A schoolboy's tale, the wonder of fin Lour ? 
" The warrior's weapon, and the sophist's stole 

" Are sought in vain — and o'er each mouldering tower, 
"Dim with the mist of years, gray Hits the shade of Power." 

It must be almost superfluous to point out how peculiarly the 
example of Athens, is worthy of all possible imitation by such a 
society as ours. Surely, it is not our purpose or mission, to pursue 
our historical and genealogical inquiries, merely for the gratification 
of a spirit of antiquarian curiosity. Our real and ultimate object is 
something far nobler, wider. and grander than this, which is, indeed, 
only the necessary means to the end in view. In tracing back the 
genealogical history of our forefathers, the pioneers and planters 
of New England's prosperity and power, we desire to do honor to 
departed worth, and to hold forth its example for the imitation and 
emulation of our own and after generations ; and in this way we 
are hoping and endeavoring to discharge our duty as citizens and 
patriots to our beloved country. To a great extent this is in course 
of accomplishment by means of our Biographical Papers, and by our 
Periodical, The iV. E. Historical and Genealogical Register; a work 
to which I shall have to allude again. But we are all conscious 
that there is as much force to-day, as in the age of Augustus, in the 
proverb of Horace: — ■ 

" Segnius irritant amnios demissa per aurem, 

" Qiuun qua? sunt oculis subjecta Melibus, et qua; 

"Ipse sibi tradit Spectator." 

Our lectures may do much — the able memoirs of our learned historio- 
graphers may do much — pages of the advertiser may do much, to 
bring the lives and character of our country's worthies before the 
"mind's eye" of ourselves and our children: but to render such 
teaching thoroughly telling and effective, and to enable this society 
to discharge fully and faithfully this, its high and responsible duty, 
of holding up the beacon-light of the Past for the guidianee of our 
youth, through the dangerous shoals and quicksands of the stormy 
Present, we must have over and around and before us in our public 
place of meeting, the presentments, in sculpture or on canvass, of the 
Fathers and friends of American freedom and greatness : and, on 
the same principle, should be encouraged the preservation, in our 
private residences, of like memorials, ever present to the eye, of our 
progenitors. What more likely to arrest and check a son, about to 
commit some mean,' dishonorable or cowardly action, than a sudden, 
unpremeditated glance at the picture or statute of a father or fore- 
fathers, who had left behind him a name consecrated by the memory 
of all that was honorable, manly and noble? and who shall say what 
powerful influence may be exercised upon the hearts of our members 
and visitors', by seeing before them, whenever they enter our Hall, 
the honored and revered representatives of the heroic Fathers of 
American Independence, the men, win- were no less illustrious for 
their private virtues, than for their public services ? Surely the Hall 
"t tin Historical and Genealogical Society ought, beyond every other 
building, to be richly furnished and adorned with these embodied 
lessons of lib-teaching! 

I do trust, that the Society, will at once vigorously take up this 
vitally important subject, and that the year, on which we are entering- 

W»W5W»pwpsw -■ '- n« —•- - - -- •■■■■■ - —wmwy*, 

8 Animal Mdress of the President. 

may, before its close, pee us located in a building;, combining \ 
requisites 1 have enumerated of size, safety, tasteful architecture, . 
pictorial and sculptural adornment. "Dimidium facti, qui ccepit, hah 
"He lias accomplished half his task, who has begun it," says a I. 
proverb, and the familiar French one is no less trite, " Oe'n'est pas que 
premier pas qui coute/' It is only the first step that costs, (or is tr. 
blesome); and I feel quite sure, it only requires this first step, to ! 
vigorously and resolutely taken, to insure success. Every men,; 
can help in some way, if not with a large subscription, yet with 
small one, — if not with his purse, yet with his personal exertion a: 
influence, exercised upon others. Let us realize the duty incline-- 
upon us in this matter, elevate our minds co a proper sense of i: 
dignity and importance, and then let us set to, with a strong pull, 
long pull, and a pull altogether, "and we shall soon bring our boa 
into the wished-for haven of safety, security and success!" 

And now, permit me to revert again to what I may term the offiri: 
organ of our Society : I mean of course the New England IHston 
and Genealogical Register, a work, whose merits and value, Inn 
not, I think, been as yet so generally appreciated, as they hav' 
deserved. Even in the matter of portraits, it constitutes a valuah! 
contribution towards that apparatus of pictorial and sculpt;;. 
teaching, on which 1 have dwelt at some length. There are publishi- 
in the Register, no less than 6-t engravings, and with two except:. ; 
portraits, with also many wood engravings of the armorial bearing 
of the families recorded in the work, and 1 mention as among ti 
names of our great departed ones, thus preserved ever-present I 
our eye, those of Woodbury and Mather, Chief Justice Sewall, W; 
throp, Winslow, Chauncy, Oliver Wolcott, Prince, Adams, Trumbui 
Webster, Parsons and Appleton — it will appear more plainly what 
valuable repertory of illustrated New England Biography exists 
this publication. The Register now consists of 11 octavo volume- 
being a consecutive series from the year 1841 to the present tim< 
and speaking for myself, I can thankfully assert, that .as I lu 
around my library, my eye does not fall upon any set of volum* 
more graceful in outward appearance, or more valuable, and dear " 
my heart as a Xew Englander, from the nature of their contents. 
believe the work to be in every way worthy of the support, not on 
of this Society, but of every patriotic American, and above all, 
every son of New England, to whose heart the memories of i 
Pilgrim Fathers and their descendants are venerable and dear. V. 
owe it to ourselves, to the objects of our Society, and to the intercs' 
of our common country, to foster and encourage this valuable {>:* 
cation, and T trust my appeal in its behalf will not be altogether 
vain. It may be made, allow me to add, even more than hitherto, 
powerful means of advocating and advancing the interests a 
objects of our institution. 

1 feel that 1 have but very weakly and inadequately exprc-- 
what I have wished to say to you, at this first meeting of our N< 
Year, a year likely, I think and trust, to prove an auspicious :»■ 
happy one in the annals of our Society. Hut you will, 1 know, kin 
make allowance lor a deficiency, which is the necessary result 
weakened state of health ; and 1 also know that you will give 


Annual Address of the President. 9 

credit for sincerity in what I have ventured to suggest or advise. I 
believe my views are practicable and feasible and I am quite sure 
that if carried out by you, they will place the Society on so solid a 
basis, and elevate it to so dignified and useful a position, as will 
render it an organization of the most valuable and beneficial kind to 
America at large, and to New England in particular. Surely, not 
one of us can need any other spur or stimulus to urge us to the 
attainment of so grand, so glorious an object 1 

I can leave no nobler, or more soul-inspiring thought resting on 
your minds, and will therefore close with the Trojan Hero's words : 

" The one best omen is our country's cause !" 



ic $cw (England ptforifrttaatogirat Jftwfetjj, 



Held in Boston, Mass., Jan. 4 , 1865 








Gentlemen*, — 

Once more we are permitted to assemble together at the commence- 
i ient of another year ; and what duty is so manifestly incumbent 
upon us, as to calmly and thoughtfully review the Past, and derive 
i herefrom lessons for the Future ? It seems to me that the position 
i»l our Society now, in consequence of the momentous events that are 
laily transpiring, and rendering this country and age preeminently a 
country and an age of the grandest and most terrible History, is one 
<■[' immensely greater importance and more solemn responsibility, 
fiian was the position which it occupied before the outbreak of the 
I oil War. 

Before T proceed, however, to refer further to this topic, let me give 
expression, in your behalf, to our gratitude for the blessings we have 

'joyed, and the progress we have made, during the past year — a 
U'ar full of, and fraught with, so many events of incalculable national 
consequence, and which, along with so much of public triumph, has 
carried into the homes of New England so much of private trial and 
i luurning. As we glance back over the record of this past year, what 
■• vast array of such events rises before the bewildered eye of memory ! 
fo advert to a very fvw. In March, a new call for 200,000 men — then 
i:s May the battles of the Wilderness and of Spottsylvania, in which 
• • many patriot-warriors were called to " sleep the sleep that knows 
' > waking " — a few weeks later, the sanguinary combat of Coal Ifar- 
h ,i — then the glorious sinking of the Alabama, by our own brave 
»Vinslow, on the 19th of June, followed, in a few days; by General 
Grant's fierce attack on Petersburg — and live days after, the battle 
I Kenesaw Mountain, in which our troops, though repulsed, won for 

emselves immortal honor. In July, another call (evidence of the 

•mendous character of the contest in which we are engaged) for 
■ M, ,000 men, succeeded by the terrific battle near Atlanta, where the 
•' ive and chivalrous McPherson fell, and with him many a brave son 
- Xew England. Another week witnesses a second fierce combat 
• ■iiost on the same ground, and two days after the loss of many 
■■'-■a sands of our valiant brethren before the lines of Petersburg-. 
' -~nst opens with the glorious achievements of Farragut in Mobile 
' >>", and before the close of the month war once more claims his 
'- ^ of victims in the battles of the YVeldon Pioad. 

4 Annual Address. 

To pass over many other events, which have reflected a lu>* 
of triumph, albeit a melancholy one, as being gained by the d< ; 
and death of these, who, however erring', are still our Bn 'In 
what feelings of admiration are excited in every American i<: 
by the details of that glorious march of our most glorious Gem 
Sherman, a march that may fitly and fairly compare with the expc: 
tion of Hannibal, or still more aptly with the retreat of the 10, (.n 
Greeks under Xenophon, after the death of the younger Cyr 
Whatever may be the after events of this terrible war, 1 vent 
unhesitatingly to predict that Sherman's march through the heart 
the seceded States to Savannah, will, through long succeeding ag 
be regarded by all students of History, and especially of Militai 
History, as an achievement unsurpassed by any general of eitl, 
ancient or modern times. And then its brilliant conclusion, the cap 
ture of one of the strongest, richest and most important cities of t . 
Kebel Confederacy, with its vast stores of cotton and other valual . 
" materiel/'' and no less than GO cannon and several thousand mi 
killed or captured. Then again, as we come, or rather return, by a f< 
days, to the 15th and 10th of December, we have the battles of Nash- 
ville, in which Thomas so triumphantly and terribly defeated Gene:,,: 
Hood, who had begun somewhat too soon to sing the of victory ! 
If these successes and triumphs are somewhat dulled or dimmed b; 
the comparative check sutlered by the Wilmington Expedition, \v. 
must derive consolation from the thought, that perhaps this wa> 
needful, not only to temper and moderate our too quickly rising prid 
and triumph, but also to warn the leaders of such expeditions t • 
sternly and steadily imitate the wise example of the successful Sher- 
man, by observing a strict silence as to their plans. 

Such arc a few of the war events of the past year. But there havi 
been other events no less important, no less worthy of rernembram 
— nay, even more calculated to awaken and intensify our feelings i 
gratitude. And to which of these could I possibly refer before those 
great Sanitary Fairs, which, during 1SG4, have borne such strong 
testimony to the patriotic and practically Christian spirit of our peopk-. 
and have reflected such brilliant honor on the cities of New York. 
Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Chicago, and certainly not least, on our good 
old Boston ; the patriotic action of whose citizens, and more espe- 
cially of those high-spirited and large-hearted ladies, in regard to tk 
.recent " Sailor's Fair,' 1 ' will, if gratitude be not lost to earth, be Ion.' 
treasured in the grateful memory of all Americans, and, above all, ei 
every American Sailor. 

There was one event, however, which perhaps more than all ik 
rest, has left the stamp of historic interest on the year 18G4, ami 
claims, above all, the gratitude, not only of us New Englanders — m : 
only of all loyal Americans — but of every friend of freedom air- 
free institutions throughout the world. I allude, of course, to tl: ' 
8th of November. On that day the cause of popular sclf-governmei ■'• 
stood on trial before the bar of a gazing world, of which even th 
friendly part was agitated with intense anxiety and much of agitatin.- 
doubts ; while the other part, headed by the leaders and the tools < ' 
despotism, stood ready, in malicious anticipation of an evil triumph 
to chant a demoniac dirge over the downfall of Freedom. The Sth - ; 
November's sun set upon a laud, in which, throughout all its broad 

Annual Address. 5 

irdcrs, and amid all the intense excitement of party feeling", Law 
and Order were universally, absolutely triumphant! Tins self-govern- 
ing, alike in the wild rural districts, and in the thronged and troubled 
cities — full of manly self-respect, of quiet linn resolve — poured on 
lo the polls in one steady, continuous stream, from the opening to 
the close, each man freely and frankly recording his vote according 
to his conscience. At last, the will of the popular majority was de- 
clared ; the minority submitted, and the American Election of 1864 
terminated without one act of tumult or of violence, to call for the in- 
terference even of the loeal police, or to oiler even the semblance of a 
pretext for the exercise of hostile criticism! That day will yet be 
gratefully regarded as one of vast Historic interest to the world's 
freedom ! But not to the chance Future should we at least leave its 
just appreciation, but we should strive fully to understand and appre- 
ciate it now, and thus better qualify ourselves to explain its moment- 
ous importance to those who are rising up to take our places, and by 
whom its consequences will be more keenly felt than by us who have 
been sharers and actors in the scenes now. 

What little 1 have said, and you all know how much more might 
easily be added, tends to show the grand and solemn historic charac- 
ter of the times in which it is our- lot to live, and especially of the 
past year, to claim and kindle our earnest, heart-felt gratitude, and to 
rouse us up to consider what is our duty, as the Historic-Genealogical 
Society of New England, in view of such mighty and marvellous 
events, as those that circle and crowd and career around and along 
the path of our daily life. 

1 trust that in what I am about yet further to say, I shall not bo 
deemed guilty of assumption or presumption. So Jar from sympathi- 
zing with that spirit of national vanity which, in former times, has been 
a standing jest, and let me add sometimes very unfairly so, against 
America, and Americans, I have always been opposed to, and have ex- 
pressed my aversion to it, as derogatory alike to our personal and 
national dignity, and unworthy altogether of the solid and substantial 
greatness of America. There are occasions, however, on which 
national claims have to be asserted or plainly stated, no less than 
individual ones ; and the present appears to me peculiarly such an 

Under the guidance of Divine Providence, this American continent 
"fours is now, and for throe years past has been, the scene of one of 
the grandest, most awful and most terrible Historic Dramas, that 
the world has ever witnessed. The catastrophe id' this Drama, what- 
ever it may be, and whenever it shall happen, will unquestionably 
< xercise a mighty and wide spread influence upon the political history 
of the world at large. 

Again, in the whole of this grand and tragic scene, New England, 
and New England men and women, have acted arid are acting a promi- 
nent, leading part. There is no presumption in saying, that in point 
"f mental acumen, enthusiasm of spirit, and energy of action, New r 
England leads America : not always perhaps so well, or so wisely, as 
luight be, but there is the keen, calculating brain, there is the strong 
and ready hand, and there too is the warm, enthusiastic heart ; and if 
s urh forces be only guided aright, they will form a combination of lev- 
ers, that no " vis inertias " will be able to resist. Now 1 believe 'that 

G Annual Address. 

no more useful and effectual instrumentality for such right training cc. 

guidance can be found, than in the studies to which our labors ; . 
professedly devoted — History and Genealogy, or better, Biography. 
And here Truth compels me to express my belief, that this right tr: 
ing and guidance through a right and philosophical study of Ilistoi . 
and Biography, neither have been, nor are generally, afforded by i 
educational system of our country. I have investigated this subjen 
more recently, as a basis of these remarks to-day, and while feeli 
justly proud of the efforts made by America in general, and by Xev 
England in particular, for the promotion .of popular education, I f> ' 
bound to confess that the mode in which History is studied, whether ' 
schools or colleges, is, with some few and remarkable exceptions, vi i . 
defective, hi the forme?', little more is taught than a summary of o 
own History ; while in the Jailer, the study of a very small number 
text-books, pursued with little regard to philosophical method, and v. i 
still less concern for that impartial spirit of inquiry, which constitute 
the foundation-stone of a right and profitable study of History, fori; 
the sum and substance of our higher Historical Education. At H ;- 
vard College, all the course of instruction as to History, comprise 
Smith's History of Greece, Constitution of the United States, History 
of France, Stephen and Do Tocqueville, and the Constitutional II; - 
tory of England. 

In Biography, again, national prejudice and personal predilection 
too often and too generally over-ride that conscientious sense of true 
and justice, which should guide the biographer, no less than the his- 
torian. A reference to a recently published biographical work, now 
generally considered the standard one in this country, will more than 
bear out this assertion. Without bringing forward personal illustra- 
tions, which might appear invidious, and even hurt the feelings <>i" 
those, whom I very cordially esteem and respect, I may observe, tliat 
in the work referred to, several pages are often given to the biogra- 
phy of an American, who, however worthy of respect in his own 
sphere, is still only a third or fourth rate class nam at the best ; while 
some of the most illustrious thinkers, scholars, philosophers and pub- 
lic men of Europe — men confessedly ranking in the first class of their 
several orders — are dismissed with perhaps half a column, or less than 
that. Xow such a course as this, is not only unjust and adverse e 
the true principles and purposes of biography, but it also reflects 
discreditably upon our national literary character. Foreigners, pe- 
rusing such a work, attribute the barefaced bias to our national vani- 
ty, and become confirmed in the idea, that an American can see no 
good in anything not American. We, on the other hand, know it t ■ 
be greatly the result of a "mutual admiration" system, which ha- 
reached a great ami threatening height amongst us. The New York 
litterateur writes a long, laudatory life of his Boston friend and con- 
temporary, which the latter feels hound to return in kind ami degree, 
and if, in this interchange of biographical compliments between our 
native celebrities, the great names of European History, past am 
present, should, for a while, be overlooked or slighted, we are left I 
derive consolation from the argument that " in an American publica- 
tion, a preponderance of attention should be given to American net 
bilities." 1 need hardly say that such an argument could only apje 
to a work professedly devoted to American Biography. But win ■: 

Annual Address. 7 

. in the instance alluded to, a work professes on its title page to bo 
lopolitan, not merely American, no such bias or unjust preponde- 

• ; v is admissible. Acknowledged eminence, whether of intellect 
r action, should alone graduate the extent or minuteness of the no- 

• , • «s. 1 feel and speak strongly on this subject, because it is precisely 
v this indulgence of national vanity and " mutual admiration," that 

v.'e afford a just handle for criticism, at which we are the first to feel 
j art and offended. I feel also that our position as a people, is too 
Jiisrh and powerful to condescend to littleness of this kind. Whether 

• itionally or individually, we can stand the test of a fair comparison 
with any other people of the civilized world, without seeking to de- 
tract from, or dim the brightness of, the illustrious character of other 

And now, to revert for a while to History, its mode of study and 
its uses. I am far from being so presumptuous as to suppose that I 
can bring forward anything new or original on such a subject, but 
vet, as you have done me the honor of placing me, not now for the 
iirst time, in this chair, I feel assured you will afford an indulgent 
hearing to the few general remarks 1 shall offer on a subject, which to 
me, at all events, seems of vast, of vital importance. Of learning 
history as it is too generally taught in our schools and colleges, I 
think very little, so little, that 1 deem the time expended thereon, 
might more profitably be devoted to other subjects. But History 
riyhtly and philosophically studied, has long appeared to me to be so 
important a branch of education, as to deserve the most careful atten- 
tion in all measures, public or private, connected with Education. 
The lessons of history thus studied, form the best and soundest train- 
ing in politics and statesmanship ; and where, as with us, every man 
has a voice in the common government, it is all the more necessary 
that in no man's or woman's education should so vital an element as 
this be neglected, perverted or omitted. Whatever " Young Ameri- 
ca " may say, I boldly stand by the old-fashioned assertion that " His- 
tory is philosophy teaching by examples." However it may be on 
different stages, or in altered phases, as Human Nature in every age 
is still the same, so Human History revolves in cycles, and is continu- 
ally repeating itself. And thus it happens, that the statesman, the 
politician, aye, and the citizen-member of a democratic government 
will find, even in the history of ancient nations, most valuable exam- 
' les for imitation and warning for avoidance. In the history of the 
-Jewish people, and in that of Greece and of Rome, he will again and 
again find, in the stern reasoning of facts, a demonstration of the 
truth, that national, no less than individual welfare and happiness, 
are the concomitants and correlatives of national virtue and integrity. 
3 ho learned Dr. Henry, of New York, in a discourse entitled " The 
1'rovidence of God, the Genius of History," has some remarks based 
upon the Jewish History, which arc so apposite, and so congenial to 
:: .v views on this subject, that 1 do not hesitate to cite a portion of 

" And now the question that comes up is this : — For what purpose 
's it that we have these divine commentaries ? Is it merely to gratify 
" ; ir curiosity? or is it to teach us a great practical lesson ? Is the 
•ruth, which these divine commentaries disclose, a truth only with re- 
•■^\ou to the Jewish and other ancient nations, whose records we find 


8 Annual Address. 

in the Sacred Books ? Or is it a truth, which is true for all nati 
and all times ? 

" That is the question ; and we say that the very purpose for \ 
these historical details and these divine commentaries are L. - 
down to us, is, to teach impressively, for all nations and for all i; 
this great truth — that the Providence of God is the Genius of i 
history; that the hand of the Almighty Ruler of the Universe is •. 
all the nations of the Earth, and that lie everywhere apportion- 
tional destiny according to national character. \\ we had divine < 
mentaries on the world's whole history, such as we have on th.i 
tion of it contained in Vae Sacred Records, then the same truth, vj 
is so impressively taught in these Records, would appear with i 
clearness on the face of all the history of the world. We shoul t 
the right hand of the Almighty in all the fates and fortunes of all ; 
nations oi' the Earth, in the revolutions of dynasties, in the rise. . 
fall of empires, in the wars and conquests, battles and sieges, fan 
and pestilences, negotiations and treaties, with which the page> 
history are filled." 

But because we have not these divine commentaries on the itfioh> 
the world's history, shall we any the less believe the great tn:? 
which the sacred records teach? Because the light of special in- 
ration does not make visible the hand of the Almighty, moving in : 
behind the visible procession of events, shall we any the less belii 
His hand is there at work ? No! We are as much bound to belie - , 
this great truth is true for every nation on the earth, as for the anck 
nations, of whom it is expressly declared in the Sacred Books. \\ 
are as much bound in reason to believe it true in reference to t' 
great drama of political history, that now seems opening on the ean 
as though we saw it preternaturally written by the finger of the .'. 
mighty, in characters of lire, on the earth and on the sky, on Use hi 
and on the clouds. "And we are, finally, not to believe that this >. 
vine interposition is merely for the sake of interposition, nor mere! 
in the way of retributive judgment on the nations. The Almig 
presides over the fates and fortunes of the nations, each in its - 
cessive epoch, with a great purpose, which connects each with eai 
in the How of the great ages, with a comprehensive idea to be realize 
in the whole historical life of Humanity, and in the whole history 
the Universe. " 

These views of Dr. Henry are, I am well aware, as old-fashioned '• 
my own, and equally regarded either with silent contempt, or m<»' 
violent and noisy opposition, by a large number of historic scioln 
and worldly politicians in this country, but they were virtually il 
views entertained by our own immortal Washington, and the ot!i 
Fathers of our Republic, and they have been recognized and endors 
by many of the greatest statesmen, as well as best men, that hiv- 
ever been entrusted with the management of nations. But for tl. 
mere opinions of men in such a matter, I should care but little. - 
long as my conscience and reason are convinced that they are ri_ 
and just and true. And the evidence that they are so, is stamped . 
indelible characters upon the whole face of history, ancient and r- 
dern. In our own day, it is too true, that, in those nations where t< 
Bible has free circulation, and where religious thought is free, t: 
laws and doctrines of Christianity are too often violated in every pha: 

Annual Address. 



of society and rank of life; but yet in how much better a position in 
every way are those nations, than the lands that are lying oppressed 
beneath the hand of kingly and priestly tyranny, and dark, deadening 
ignorance ! 

*" I cannot discuss this subject with anything of the fulness it demands 
on the present occasion, but must briefly sum up the views that 1 cnter- 
tain, and which I would respectfully ami most earnestly urge yon, the 
members of this Society, to propagate and disseminate by every means 
in your power, by your voice, by your pen, and through the organ of our 
Society, The Historical and Genealogical Register. I neither claim to 
be a statesman nor a politician, nor yet a profound historical scholar ; 
but 1 have thought long and deeply on this subject, and I do most 
earnestly believe, that if we can promote a right study of History 
throughout our country, we shall confer a great, an inestimable bless- 
ing upon her, and we shall be erecting one of the strongest bulwarks 
for the defence of her free Constitution, and one of the most effective 
barriers against anarchy on the one hand, or tyranny on the other. 
Let the study of History, then, ever be based upon, and accompanied 
by, a solemn recognition of God's moral government of the universe. 
Secondly, let it be divested of national and personal prejudice and 
bias: for, the object being to obtain a true and correct knowledge of 
facts, every hindrance adverse to truth and fair judgment must of 
course be set aside. In all disputed matters of History, especially 
where such a bias is likely to influence us, and to cloud our judgment, 
let us, as a matter of absolute duty, calmly investigate both sides of 
the question, hear the arguments on both sides, and, as sworn jury- 
men, abide by the evidence. Again, let us not imagine that History 
consists merely in the romantic and stirring narrative of battles, sieges, 
and those great and startling events, the "pomp and circumstance of 
war/' which many so-called historians seem to have regarded as the 
only things worthy of notice. All these tilings belong to the exter- 
nal life of a notion, and they are not to be neglected; nor is there 
much fear that they will be, because this external life of nations, as 
of individuals, is the most attractive, the most easily known, and, to 
most minds, the most interesting. 

In the words of the illustrious Dr. Arnold, whose lectures on His- 
tory I would strongly commend to all who may not yet have read 
them — "A nation has its inward life, no less than an individual, and 
from this, its outward life is characterized. For what does a nation 
effect by war, but either the securing of its existence, or the increas- 
ing of its power? We honor the heroism shown in accomplishing 
these objects, but power, nay, even existence, are not ultimate ends. 
The question may be asked of every created being, why he should 
live at all, and no satisfactory answer can be given, if his life does 
not, by God's will, consciously or unconsciously tend to promote God's 
plory, and the good of his brethren. And, if a nation's annals contain 
the record of deeds ever so heroic, done in defence of the national 
freedom, or existence, still we may require that the freedom or the 
nle, so bravely maintained, should be also employed for worthy pur- 
ines ; or else, even the names of Thermopylae and of Morgarten be- 
come, in after years, rather a reproach than a glory. Turning, then, 
to regard the inner life of a nation, we cannot but see that here, as in 
toe life of an individual, it is determined by the nature of its ultimate 

10 Annual Address. 

end. What is a nation's main object, is therefore a question w] 
must be asked, before we can answer whether its inner life, ai 
sequently its outward life also, which depends upon the inner life, 
be called good or evil. Now it does not seem easy to conceive 
a nation can have any other object than that which is the I 
object of every individual in it: if it can, then the attribute ol 
ereignty, which is inseparable from nationality, becomes the d 
ion of an evil principle. For suppose, for instance, that a l. 
as such is not cognizant of the notions of justice and humanity, 
that its highest object is wealth, or dominion, or security, h - 
follows that the sovereign power in human life, which can inilu* 
the minds and compel the actions of us all, is a power altogether 
moral, and yet commanding the actions of moral beings', then < 
Ag'ain, if being cognizant of the notions of justice and humanity 
deliberately prefers other objects to them, then here is the dumii 
of an evil principle still more clearly. But if it be cognizant and apj 
ciatc them rightly, then it must see that they -are more to be follov. 
than any objects of outward advantage : .then it acknowledges m< 
ends as a higher good than physical ends, and thus, as we sa: 
agrees with every good individual man in its estimate of the high 
object of national no less than of individual life." 

In the study of History, then, due regard must be paid to the in 
rial life of each nation, no less than, or even more than, the extern 
the state of religion, morals, social habits, trade, manufactures — eve; 
thing, in fact, that enters into the internal history of a civilized nati 
in a time of peace. 

Again, I would observe, that in order to pursue the study of 11 

Bona or useiiu Knowledge ol History can be acquired, and tne grei 
the freedom of institutions enjoyed by any country, the more ne< 
sary are these acquisitions to every citizen, republican institutioi 
like ours, can only be maintained in purity and integrity, first, by \ 
morality, and, second, by the education of the people ; and the si 
jects I have named are amongst the most important that can em 
into the education of a member of a free State. We have prided ch 
selves, and not altogether without reason, on our educational advu 
tages, and it is a cause for self-gratulation, that every AmcnV 
child, even though born in the humblest and poorest rank, can obt. 
as his right a fair education. But 1 do not hesitate to assert, that 
in our educational system, a sound knowledge of History., and of ll 
elements of Political Science and Constitutional Law, had been i 
eluded several years ago, it would probably, under the Divine ble-- 
ing, have been the means of saving us from a large portion, if not a 
of those civil commotions and strifes, that have been now, for thr 
years past, shaking to its centre the noble edifice of our free Cons' 
tution, draining the heart-blood of thousands of our best and bravo 
and carrying tribulation and anguish into thousands of once hap] . 
homes ! 

It follows, as a necessary corollary to what I have said, that tb 
who have studied history in this truthful, impartial and philosophy 
spirit, we must listen patiently to, and obey the lessons she offers v. 


Annual Address. 11 

The words of the Roman Historian can never he repeated too often, 
r impressed too deeply on the memory : "Hoc Mud est prcecipue in 

.jiidione reru.m salubre ac frugiferum, omnis ie exempli documenla in 
. <Mri posita monumento intueri; hide tibi tuceque reipiiblicce , quod imi- 
• /•• , capias, inde feed um incepiu, feed urn exitu, quod vites." — "This is 
what is especially wholesome ami profitable to the study of History, 
that thou there beholdest, placed on a conspicuous monument, the 
records of every kind of example: and that thence thou canst select, 
; >r thyself and thy Republic, that which thou wouldst imitate: thence 
[so that which thou wouldst shun as base in its origin, base in its 
result. 7 '' 

Nor must this remark be applied by the Historic student merely ta 
the remarkable men of history, the great men either of good or evil. 
It is even more important, especially in these times, that it should be 
applied to the examination of what 1 may call National Conduct. We 
sliutild carefully observe, and strive to imitate such causes of public 
policy, as have manifestly been founded on right principles, moderation, 
mid common sense, and as a necessary consequence have brought 
prosperity to the nation, for whose government and guidance they 
wore devised. And, on the other hand, when, either in our own his- 
tory or that of other nations, we observe the sad results issuing from 
the violation of principle, the non-recognition of God's superintending 
providence, the elevation of fanatic folly and fury, into the desecrated 
and dishonored seat of Christian forbearance and manly good sense — • 
we must give good heed to the solemn warning, and avoid the like 
error, as "base in its origin, base in its result. 1 ' 

Errors of this kind, most fatal to the peace and happiness of a na- 
tion, have again and again been committed by men, whom, as men, we 
may believe to have been conscientious, upright, and patriotic, but 
unacquainted with, or heedless of, the lessons of History, ignorant of 
all the higher principles of political science, and totally unfitted for the 
task of legislating for their fellow men. As illustrations of what I 
refer to, I would adduce the series of political blunders that led to the 
Great Rebellion of England, which, in the 17th century, spread war 
and desolation through the land, brought a monarch to the block, 
substituted for his unconstitutional measures, not freedom, but ty- 
ranny of another kind — the tyranny of a great and able man indeed, 
hat tyranny nevertheless, arid eventually, by a very natural reaction, 
brought back the nation under the Godless yoke of the worst and 
most debasing kind of slavery; the abject and degraded condition of 
affairs that prevailed under Charles II., when vice and so-called plea- 
sure ruled the nation, and the mass of the people did not even care for 
freedom. And all this lamentable series of consequences resulted 
from the want of good sense and moderation, the disregard of His- 
tory's warnings, the ignorance of constitutional law and political sci- 
ence, exhibited no less by the popular leaders, than by the infatuated 
monarch and his abettors and advisers. 

The same remark will apply, mutatis mutandis, to the circumstances 
which led to our violent separation from the mother country. These 
1 tiited States would naturally have risen to a free and independent 
' '■•lidition in the course of a few years, just as the youth, merging into 
umnhood, becomes independent of his parents, and engages for him- 
•" If in the battle of life. But that instead of attaining this independ- 

12 Annual Address. 

ence in a natural, peaceful and friendly way, it was gained only .. 
a long course of wrangling*, recrimination, and sanguinary sti-i: 
attributable to the wrong-headed obstinacy of so-called statcsim : 
a monarch no less wrong-headed and obstinate, to the ignorain 
the part of both, of those historic lessons and political principles v. | 
are so Vitally essential to the government of men. And in this 
the example is the more impressive, because George HI. and his i. 
isters were warned again and again, in the most solemn and ernp 
terms, by men, who were really statesmen, of what must be the ■ 
sequences of their unjust and unwise policy towards America. \\'\, 
said the illustrious Pitt, in his place in Parliament, in reply to i. 
Granville's insulting and tyranny-maintaining speech? " 1 know \\ 
value of your troops, the skill of your officers, but on this ground, i 
stamp act, where so many here will think it a crying injustice (1 u 
one, who will lift my hand against it), in such a cause, your succ-- 
will be hazardous. America, if she fall, would fall like the stn ; 
man, she would embrace the pillars of the State, and pull down ;'. 
Constitution along with her. The Americans have not acted in .. 
things with prudence and temper. They have been wronged, thr 
have been driven to madness by injustice ! Will you punish them I 
the madness which you yourself have occasioned? No! rather \> : 
prudence and temper come from this side — 

• Be to their faults a little blind, 
Be to their virtues very kind.' 

My opinion is (said Pitt in conclusion), that the Stamp Act be re- 
pealed.— absolutely, totally, and immediately: and that the reason I 
assigned, that it is founded on an erroneous principle." 

Like warnings were given by Col. Barre, by the great Orator and 
Statesman, Fox, and by the Lord Chatham, then standi! . 
almost on the verge of the grave. il 1 am an old man (he said), an>i 
would advise the noble Lord in office to adopt a more gentle mode «■: 
governing America: proceedings like these will never meet with the 
wished-for success. Instead of these, pass an amnesty on all their 
youthful errors, clasp them once more to your fond and affection- 
ate arms, and I venture to affirm you will find them children worthy 
of their sire." 

We all know how unavailing were these warnings and entreaties of 
these better and wiser minds of the British Parliament. Ignorance of 
Political Science, disregard of all the lessons of History, urged on, or 
backed by, obstinacy and a love of tyrannical power, carried the day, 
and England lost the brightest jewel in her crown, and the North 
American Colonies became the American Republic ! 

The great Revolution of Prance, towards the end of the last century, 
was preceded and hurried on by similar ignorance and blunders ; and 
here 1 will cite some remarks from a work, which discusses "' The 
claims of History on the Age 1 ' : " Any one (the author observes) who 
is at all acquainted with the history of the Revolution of Prance, must 
be well aware that it was brought about by a series of blunders, in 
which both parties were alternately to blame. But still, it lias struck me, 
that there was one error, which occurred at so critical a time (an error 
not greatly noticed by historians) that it deserves especial considera- 
tion, as being the pivot on which the headlong course uf the Revolu- 

Annual Address. 13 

:ion turned. At an early stage of that great national convulsion, a 
■easure of conciliation and mutual concession was proposed by the 
friends of the crown, at what was called a ' Royal Sitting- ' on the 
•_.; 1 of June. The concessions offered were certainly not so extensive 
; is had been demanded by the States-General, but still, they were 
....; -h as patriots were, I think, bound to accept, rather than involve 
iheir country in a civil war, to which the progress of events was 
plainly tending. Now there is little doubt that the earlier leaders of 
ihc popular movement in France, were actuated by a sincere, how- 
ever mistaken, desire to serve their country : and not, like their suc- 
cessors in the reign of terror, inspired by the demons of anarchy and 
bloodshed. Still, at tliis most critical period, they rejected the oilers of 
the King, and thereby lost the last chance of averting the threatened 
catastrophe ! 

"How differently would they have acted, could a magic glass have 
brought before their view the dread prospect of the Future — the 
attacks upon the palace, and the gross insults offered to the Royal 
Family — their subsequent imprisonment — that terrible meeting of the ■ 
Assembly, in which the subject of discussion was the execution of a 
most virtuous and inoffensive monarch — the members of that Assem- 
bly at length passing up in turn to record their votes, and the deep 
stillness of that midnight meeting still re-echoing to the one dead sound 
.f Death, death !— and (most heart-chilling scene in the whole appall- 
ing tragedy !) that King's own kinsman, Philippe Egalit£ ; Duke of Or- 
leans, joining in that vote of death against bis sovereign ]j — the scaf- 
fold dyed with the blood, not only of the monarch, but also of his 
wife and sister — France changed from a civilized land into a human 
daughter-house, in which the butchers, Robespierre and Marat, 
reigned supreme — and, last, not least, the guillotine demanding their 
blood also, the blood of them, the early patriots, who might perhaps 
hive averted all tliis! Could they have foreseen these thiners. how 
differently would they hove acted! But to them, as to too many oth- j 

crs, repentance came too late, and they had to weep for their errors 
with tears of blood." 

The instances that I have briefly adduced will, I trust, suffice to 
show the vast, the vital importance of a just and philosophical study of 
the lessons of History and political science, as a means, the best and 
surest means/ of preserving men and nations from mistakes that are 
sure to be fraught with so much of most direful disaster. 

As I have more than once used the word "philosophical " in con- 
nection with this subject, let me utter a brief word of warning against 
another and opposite evil, towards which a large school of historical 
! 'i 1 political writers of the present day seem to be rapidly tending. The 
~reat spread of inductive science has created and sharpened a keen, 
dmost voracious appetite for " Philosophies of History/' and the school 
1 refer to seems inclined to apply the laws of inert matter to the history 

1 men, men endowed with souls, minds, and passions, which always 

• ice exercised, and always will exercise, a powerful influence over the 
'"ause of national, as well as individual life. This tendency of inod- 
'■rn tin ught has both a good side and an evil one, and both are well 

•'fined in these words of Prof. Kingsley : " Surely it is good (he ob- 
<ves), and a thing; to thank God for. that men should be more and 

• tc expecting order, searching for order, welcoming order. But 

14 Annual Address. 

there is evil also. For young sciences, like young" men, have their 
of wonder, hope, imagination, and of passion too, and haste, and : 
Dazzled, and that pardonably, by the beauty of the few lavjs thev 
have discovered, they are too apt to erect them into gods, and to 
plain by them all matters in heaven and earth ; and are too apt, ; 
to patch them, where they are weakest, by that most dangerous 
cedaneum cf vague and grand epithets, which very often com 
each of them, an assumption far more important than the law to v.. 
they are tacked." 

The time 1 have already occupied, warns me that I must not e 1 . 
on this point, hut leave it to yourselves to carry out its logical 
elusions. For the same reason, 1 must resign the intention of s] • 
ing at any length on Biography, as the handmaid of History. 1 
content myself witli citing a few words from the same writer, i\ 
Kingsley, addressed by him to the History Class of the University 
Cambridge, England. " 11' any of you should ask me how to si 
History, 1 should answer— Take, by all means, biographies. 
your minds with live human figures, men of like passions with y. 
selves, see how each lived and worked, in the time and place in v \ 
God put him. Believe me, that when you have thus made a frieinl 
the dead, and brought him to life again, and let him teach you to 
with his eyes, and feel with his heart, you will begin to undersi 
more of his generation and his circumstances, than all the mere 1 
tory books of -the period will teach you." 

If 1 have-Jfaite failed to convey my views to you, you will see., t! 
looking especially to the present circumstances of our country 
would urge this Society to devote its labors henceforth, and at o 
to a much broader and more elevated field of study, than is covi- 
by New England History and Genealogy alone. Not that 1 w 
have these neglected, not that I would be ungrateful to those of 
brethren who have devoted so much thought and labor, and with 
much just credit to themselves and the Society, to those topics wl 
you and I, as New England men, are bound ever to hold in ':. 
honor and esteem. But 1 am anxious you should all rise to the 1 
of the demands made upon us, and enter boldly and promptly ■ 
sphere of duty, by which we can largely benefit, perhaps lasti 
bless, our native land. Let us not neglect any of those duties, 
have hitherto been so ably, though unostentatiously performed by 
Society. Let us continue to preserve, promote, and elucidate <•'•■ 
point of our New England History. Let us continue to trace, in 
genealogical inquiries, the parent seeds of that virtue, heroism, 
patriotic self-sacrifice, that have even, during the last few years. 1 
wreathing such glorious amaranthine garlands around the brow? 
New England's sons, living and dead ! But let us also endeavor, 
all means in our power, to establish and promote a right sttnb 
History in general throughout the country. Nor would 1 close u 
out respectfully offering a practical suggestion as to the way in « 
this can be done by us. There are, in our Society, men emiiu-' 
qualified to teach History, Political Science, Constitutional Law 
teach them ably, eloquently and soundly : and not only qualified, ' 
unless I am greatly mistaken, ready and willing to do so, without 
other reward than the gratifying consciousness of assisting to i 
mote a good object. Let us invite these gentlemen to deliver con* 

Annual Address. 15 

of lectures, under our auspices, in some public hall, that we lure for 
the purpose, until the time arrives — not, I sincerely trust, far distant. 
when we shall have a Hall of our own. To these lectures, invite more 
particularly those engaged in the work of public education, and the 
more advanced students of our schools. Throw them open, also, if 
you please, to the large and intelligent class of our artisans, who are 
always so ready, after their day's work is over, to avail themselves 
of every opportunity of gaining information and instruction, but who 
now are too often tempted, for want of more solid and wholesome 
food, to appease their keen intellectual appetite by listening to super- 
ficial and sensational harangues, political discourses by those who, 
too often, are ignorant of the first principles of political science, or 
mystifiers by transcendental and metaphysical discourses, that can 
have no other effect than to becloud and bewilder the minds of the 
hearers. And again, I would suggest that our Register, that excel- 
lent work, which forms so valuable a repertory of genealogy and 
local history, should henceforth devote a portion of its pages to the 
object I am advocating, the diffusion of right views on the study of 
General History and Biography, and the educing, for the benefit of 
this and after generations, of those valuable, those vitally important 
lessons, which History, and History alone, can effectually teach. I 
have thought and felt on this subject deeply, and you will therefore 
forgive me, if I trespass somewhat too largely on your patience by 
these remarks. My sole desire is, to render the labors of our Soci- 
ety actively and powerfully conducive to the welfare of our beloved 
country, of whom (in the words of that great Orator, who so nobly 
defended America against the blind and tyrannic measures of an infa- 
tuated monarch and ignorant ministry) 1 would most earnestly say, 
" My prayers shall ever be for her welfare ! Length of days be in 
her right hand, and in her left, riches and lienor ! May her ways be 
ways of pleasantness, and all her paths be peace ! " 


[From the New England Historical and Genealogical Register.] 

Officers fob the Year I860. 

These with the past presidents of the Society, viz., Rev Joseph B. Felt, LL. I)., of Salem, Hun. Wil- 
• - Whiting, A. M., nf Washington, D. C, Samuel 0. Drake, A. M . of Boston, and Col. Almon D. Hodjres, 
'' 'Xi'ury, are tx-officio mumWn of the Hoard of Directors. The Treasurer is ex-oj/kw a member of the 
' -1 -■ ■-■, and the Librarian of the Library Committee. 

President. — Winslow Lewis, A. M., M. D., of Boston.* 

Vice-Presidents, — Massachusetts, Rev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Boston; Maine, 
]f >n. Israel Washburn, of Portland; New Hampshire, lion. Samuel D. Bell, LL. D., 

; Manchester ; Vermont, Henry Clark, of Poultney : Rhode Island, Usher Larsons, 
M. D., of Providence ; Connecticut, Prof Calvin E. Stowe, I). D., of Hartford. 

Umorary Vice-Presidents. — New York, Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL. D., of Buffalo; 
Sew Jersey, S. Alofsen, of Jersey City; Pennsylvania. Nathaniel Chauncey, A. M., of 
I'hilaielphia ; Maryland, Hon. J. II. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore; Ohio, Hon. Elijah 
Hayward, A. Ik, of McConnellsville ; Michigan, Hon. Lewis Cass, LL. I)., of Detroit ; 
Indiana, Hon. Ballard Smith, of Terre Haute; Illinois, Hon. John Wentworth, A. * 

M., of Chicago; Iowa, lit. Lev. Henry W.Lee, D. D., of Davenport; District of 
Columbia, Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Henry M. Dexter, A. M., of Roxbury.* 

It ■cording Secretary. — Edward S. Rand, Jr., A. M., of Boston.* 

Treasurer. — William B. Towne, of Brookline.* 

Historiographer. — William B. Trask, of Dorchester.* 

Librarian. — John II. Sheppard, A. M., of Boston.* 

Directors. — Rev. Martin Moore, A. M., of Boston ; Joseph Palmer, A. M., M. D., 
of Boston; Hon. George Y\ r . Messinger, of Boston : Rev. F. W. Holland, A. M., of 
Cambridge ; Rev. C. D. Bradlee, A.M., of Roxbury. 

Publishing Committee. — John Ward Dean, of Boston ; * William B. Trask, of Dor- 
chester ; William H. Whitmore, of Boston ; William S. Appleton, A. M., of Boston ; 
Rev. Henry M. Dexter, A. M., of Roxbury. 

Committees on Lectures and Essays. — William Reed Deane, of Brookline ;* Rev. 
Washington Gilbert, A. M., of West Newton ; Hon. Charles Hudson, A. M , of Lex- 
ington ; Rev. E. F. Slafter, A. B., of Boston ; Rev. Dorus Clarke, 1). I)., ofWaltham. 

Committee on Heraldry. — William H. Whitmore, of Boston ;* Abner C. Goodell, Jr. 
of Salem ; Augustus! 1 . Perkins, of Boston ; William S. Appleton, A. M., of Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — Frederic Kidder, of Boston;* Hon. George W. Messinger, 
of Boston ; John M. Bradbury, of Boston ; John W. Candler, of Brookline. 

Committee on the Library. — Jeremiah Colburn, of Boston ; * Rev. Abner Morse, A. 
M., of Boston; E. R. Humphreys, LL. D., of Boston ; George Mountfort, of Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Fund. — Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury; Frederic Kid- 
dor, of Boston ; Thomas Waterman, of Boston. 

Trustees of the Barstoic Fund and the Towne Memorial Fund.— William B. Towne, 
of Brookline; Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury; Hon. Charles B. Hall. 

Annual Meeting, 1S65. 

Boston, Wednesday, Jan. -i. — The annual meeting was held this afternoon at 3 o'clock 
at the rooms of the Society, No. 13 Bromfield street, the President, Winslow Lewis, 
M. I)., in the chair. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the corresponding secretary, reported that since tire last 
monthly meeting letters accepting membership had been received from Hon. Israel 
Washburn, Jr., of Portland, Maine, and Charles Endicott, of Milwaukee, Wis., as 
•'-ident members, and from Rev. A. P. Putnam, of Brooklyn, N. Y\, as a correspond- 
ing member. 

18 A r . E. Historic-Genealogical Society. 


John TI. Sheppard, the Librarian, reported that since the last annual rn<< 
had been received 340 bound volumes, 5G1 pamphlets and 18 mamix i 
the library to consist at the present time of 67S6 bound volumes ami _ 

Win. B. Towne, the treasurer, reported that during the past year the 02 ' 
ceipts had paid the ordinary expenses, leaving the society free from debt 
ance in the treasury from this source of £1S.24. His report also showed'':. 
membership fund,* which now amounts to the sum of $1491.23, was m«, 
government securities, and he recommended that this fund be increased h; 
members making themselves life members so far as it is practicable for them • 
thus relieving themselves of an annual assessment, and creating a fund 1 
to give strength, permanency and efficiency to the Society. 

Mr. Dean, chairman of the Nominating Committee, reported a list of* cant: 
election as officers for the current year, who were balloted for and all un .. 

Wm, Peed Deane, chairman of the Committee on Lectures and Essay?, i 
that there had been sixteen papers read before the society at the monthly v. 
during the past year, several of which have already been published, and mo>! 
others will soon appear in print. t 

Wm. B. Trask, the historiographer, reported that during the past year, t \\ 
three members had deceased, viz., 1 Life, 10 Resident, 10 Corresponding and 1 i! 
ary. Memoirs of twelve of these, and of four who deceased in 1S63, have In .. 
before the society since the last annual meeting. 

J. Colburn, chairman of the Committee on the Library, reported that much • 
valuable in our collection of Books and Pamphlets, is entirely lost to us for \\ 
space and proper accommodation for their arrangement, and further reported v. 
Committee are almost daily told, that if Ave had rooms more commodious and j 
safe, large additions of valuable books and manuscripts would be made to uui 

Frederic Kidder, chairman of the Committee on the reception of Newsp . 
reported that nearly a year since our esteemed member, Thomas Waterman, n.; 
Society a donation of about 70 vols, of valuable Boston newspapers, making t . 
lections of the Society now about 350 volumes, amongst which was the London M : 
Post, for the year 170-5, G & 7 ; Boston Post-Boy, 1767, S & 9 : N. II. Gazetti . 
lished at Portsmouth, for the years 1780,81 & 82; the Independent Chronicle, 
lished at Boston, for 179o — 1804, -5, 8, 9, 10 .V 12, and the intervening vols, arc 
•wanted; the Yankee, from 1812 to 19, published, in Boston, and edited by i 
Everett ; the Boston Daily Advertiser, for 1821, 22 & 23, and from 1849 to 1SG5 
sive, and these intervening vols, are also much wanted ; nearly a complete set 1 
valuable political and statistical journal, Niles's Weekly Register, the gift, soim 
since, of our distinguished member, the Hon. Edward Everett ; the Columbian 1 
nel, from 1780 to 1831, with the exception of 1824; the Daily Evening Tran- 
from Nov. 1S13 to the present time, 31 years, being of the donation of Mr. Water: 
also, a specimen number of a large portion of the newspapers published throu. 
the world some ten years since, the gift of Dr. Samuel A. Shurtleff of Brookli; 
collection of his recently deceased son, Carlton A . Shurtleff. It will be seen th 
Society have files of newspapers from 1765 to the present day, a full century, c\o \ 
for the very important historical period from 1709 to 1779, which includes the in*< 
ing years immediately preceding and during the most active period of the Revolu' 
Wo call special attention to this hiatus, and hope it may soon be filled. As 
conducted newspapers contain most valuable historical material relating to the r 
in which they are printed, ever increasing in value as they increase in years, will 
the members and friends of this Society take measures to procure the missing vol 
referred to above, and also place upon the shelves of the Library any other files of - 
printed newspapers that they may be able to control. 

* The payment of thirty dollar?, by himself or others, will constitute any resident or corresponding ' 
ber of the society a life member thereof, and entitle him, without further expense, to all the rights of a 
dent member during life. 

t At the last March meeting, Prof. 0. E. Stowe, now of Hartford, Conn., read a most elaborate ' 
statement of the life and writings of Jonathan Edwards. It contained, also, incidental notices of *<-H 
New England clergymen of the time of Edwards, and of others of eminence in later years, down to the | 
period. This paper has been published in the German language. It was furnished by Prof. St>w 
Encyclopedia lately printed in Germany. It is a lucid history of New England Theology, and we 
may soon be published in our own language. Several papers, read before the Society in ISoo, u:n ■ 
appeared in print the past year. 

I his fund consists of tlie pr iceeds from the sab of Komi's Gencafozies and Hi- turn of JFatcrtown, the 
"'•-•tf of the (.aui-.n of which i;i sheets, was bequeathed by the author to the society {ilezifiter xm. _'74 ; 

• l-i 5 and cover Oct., ^5.*). The' money received In.;-: sales is t ■ he invested and the income used for 
! •' of local histories and genealogies.' Th ■ ho >k is a thick octavo, of 10J4 closely printed pages, with 
■raits and maps, Besides the historical matter, which is interesting and valuable, there are genealogies 
■ -' • a nuiuter of families. The followiiv_' are some of the lar-rer sreneal mies : All 'u, Barnard, Bciuis, Biu'e- 

■ •■. Bond, Bowman, Boylsum, i'.ridge, Bright, Browne, Chester, Child, Coolidge (Wigelesworth;, 

• i\ Cutting-, Dix. K isterhrook, fclddy, Eyre, 1-i-kv. l-'lmrir, Fuller, Go.] lard. Uoldstone. Gove, lla"<rar, IJam- 
!• Harrington, Harris, Hnstimrs, lloar, lluhhar.'l, llwie, Jeimisan, Jones, Kimball, Lawrence, L .-a rued, 

■more, Mason, Mixter, Morse, Xurcross, Oldham. L'ar.K. I'arkhurst, L'eirce, Phillips (White. Abbott, Jew- 

■ r. TiHinglmst, Quincy, appendices to Phillips). Saltonslall, Sanderson, Sanger, Sherman, Smith, 

-'. Stearns, (Stone, Talbot, Bell nvs, Johnson, 11 -dington, Sparlmwic, Newcomh, Pratt), Stone, Stration, 

■'•> Thornton, Upharu, Warren, Wellington, White, Whitmore, Whitney, Whittemore, Woodward and 


• ' <>f these are fuller than most of the Genealogies published separately in book form, and many of them 

'•-ought down to the present time. Members and others, who feel that the society is accomplishing a 

'-cvorchy work, can aid it by helping the sale of this book. The price is £5, which is probably less than 

' i i the author. It can be obtained of the trustees (see list above), the librarian and S. G. Drake, Bos- 

■ I of Joel Munsell, Albany. 

New En. land Histoiucal xsn Genkalogicai. Rkgistkr is published quarterly, at the Society's 
•■ 1 ; J Bromlield street. Each number is embellished with a steel p >rtrait, and contains 9d pages, Svo., 
-• a yearly volume of nearly 4.00 pages. Those who wish to encourage the work, will please to address 
' ' r > WiLUAii B. Tbajsk, as above, Boston. SJubseriptiou price, Three Dollars a year. 

N. E. Hist uric- Genealogical Society. 10 

. s. A- T>. Hodges, chairman of the Trustees of the Bond Fund,* a legacy received 
s.V.i, from the late Henry Bond, M.D., of Philadelphia, reported that no expense 
■ n incurred by the Trustees during the past year, ami that there is on hand 
..10, derived from the sale of the Genealogies and History of Watertown. 

.. 1!. Towne, chairman ot the Trustees of the Barstow Fund, which consists of 

i i, given to the Society in 1862-3 by the late John Barstow, of Providence, a year 

two before his decease, and which is devoted to the preservation of the Library, 

. rted that during the past year there had been hound, from the income of this 

;, oo vol?., and that there remained the further sum of $163.00 of income unex- 

:, J. 

• Trustees of the Towne Memorial Fund reported, that the income of this dona- 

i id nor been expended ; nor was it expected that it would be at present ; but when 

Society desired to publish a memorial volume, the income of this fund would be in 

. ii ess for that purpose. 

, .. Committee on the legacy from the late Lieut. Gov. II. W". Cushman, reported 

• this donation had recently been received, and consisted of 600 vols, of miscellane- 

oks, 250 vols, of the Cushman Genealogy in sheets, and several manuscripts, 

• graphs, &c. &c. 
i ! e Committee on the preparation of Biographies of deceased members reported that 

.•■ work was in progress : and it was believed that at no distant day the Society will 

ive within its archives Biographies of all or nearly all its deceased members. 

Frederic Kidder, chairman of the Finance Committee, reported that the several do- 

•.ins to the Society were properly invested, and that, in the expenditure of the 

. >!rie, the wishes of the donor were carried out with the most minute exactness. 

J hn W. Lean, chairman of the Publishing Committee, reported that the eighteenth 

lame of the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register had been completed, 

:;•; That one number of the nineteenth volume — namely, that for January, 1865 — had 

:i issued. As the organ of the Society, this periodical commends itself to the sup- 

•rt of every member ; while the service it has done, and is still doing, in rescuing 

• ;n destruction the hist perishing records of New England, and in collecting materials 
r Tee historian and genealogist, render it deserving of patronage by all who feel a 
v renee for the annals of their country. 

Members and subscribers can do much by recommending it to their friends who have 
. ' ruaviau tastes or take an interest in historical subjects.. A corresponding member 

• ling in New York city (James 1). Fish, Esq.), who was a subscriber himself, and 
1: i was informed of the need of patronage by our periodical, was able last year to add 
'-■ names of fourteen of his friends to its subscription list. If the others would each 
■ i but a single name the J! rjider would lie placed upon a firm foundation. f 

\\ illiam Ii. 'Whitmore, chairman of the Committee on Heraldry, reported that the 
"uhttee had held numerous meetings, and had elicited and recorded much valuable 
' irmation. It is the opinion of the committee that much good has resulted from the 
■"estigations thus incited, many families having communicated facts hitherto unre- 
"ded. Impressed with the opinion that the results desired will be best obtained by 
•MUhing the materials as fast as collected, the members of the committee have issued 
Prospectus for the publication of a monthly magazine, in which to record their pro- 

20 A*". -E. Historic- Genealogical Society. 

It is proper to add, that this enterprise is in no way connected with tl 
ccpt that the projectors are members and compose the committee. They, how 
that their course will have the approval and support of the Society, and tl.ui 
licatiou will prove an aid to genealogists. 

Win. R. Deane, in behalf of the committee to whom was referred the p . 
by subscription of the proceedings at the Tercentenary Celebration in the Si ■ 
of the Birth of Shakspeare, reported that an edition of 275 copies, octavo, <•,>. . 
paper, and 25 copies in folio, on rich tinted paper, has been printed, and will 
for delivery to subscribers in the course of the present week. 

The President, Dr. Lewis, then delivered his Annual Address, after whicl 
tion of Rev. F. W. Holland, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Society be presented to Dr. Winslow L 
his appropriate, instructive and patriotic Anniversary Address, and that a 
requested for publication in the Register. 

On motion of Rev. Mr. Gilbert, the following preamble and resolutions w 
adopted : 

Whereas, Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlec, of Roxbuvy, and Rev. Horatio Alger. 
Brewster, have declined a re-nomination to their offices, 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Society be presented to Rev. Mr. Bra dice. : 
able, faithful and efficient manner in which he has performed the duties of h. 
offices for the last six years — namely, from 1859 to 1S62 as Recording Sea 
from 1862 to 1865 as Corresponding Secretary; and a]so that thanks be :: 
to Rev. Mr. Alger, for his services as Assistant Recording Secretary from ! 

Resolved, That copies of these Resolutions be sent to Rev. Messrs. Bradk 

A Committee was then chosen to consider the subject of procuring a Hall, as r 
mended by the President, for a course of Historical lectures, consisting of Rev. i 
Clarke, D. D., Rev. F. W. Holland and F.Kidder; after which the meet.: 

• ■ 


ME ' n NG 



>] ASS., J A N* r A I! Y 2 , i s 

: v ' . : N ■ . A W, LL.I*. 

[*:.::sji>::ni i 

. ■ .. j ADTiKD 

a REi'Oirr of i hi; proceed i s*« ;. vr said meej l\< 

B OST X : 

BY IU"\ , , ,■ - ;>> . 

1 8 7 . 




Held i n J3 o s t o n , Mass., J a n u a r y 2 , 186 '( . 







18 6 7. 

Reprinted prom the Hew England Historical and Genealogical Register 


tor April, 1SG7. 



Gentlemen of the Historic-Genealogical Society — 

You can hardly appreciate the delicacy of the position involved in 
the possession of a chair the duties of which are never fulfilled, aud 
which is itself hardly ever occupied. Chosen a year ago to the Presi- 
dency of this Society, to which I had for some time belonged — though 
an inactive mernbei — there has been one meeting only, during' the 
intervening period, at which I found it in my power to be present. 
Returning to the profession of the law, after five years withdrawal, 
you will easily comprehend the necessity which has compelled me to 
yield both time and thought to its exactions, as the condition of ren- 
dering such a return either useful or practicable. 

But, the design, the studies, the work and the progress of your 
Society are, neither of them, without their attractions to my own 
mind. X or am I at all insensible of their value. All of knowledge 
we can gather about our predecessors, their "Jives, their thoughts, their 
achievements, their daily practices, their characteristic methods, their 
industry, their worship, their proficiency in the sciences and the arts, 
their style of speech, their sympathies and their controversies, the 
economy of their households and of their civil government, their 
philosophy and their legislation — and all that we can in like manner 
garner up, methodize, and transmit to the future, belonging to the 
life, character and history of our own time, tend, not only to enlarge 
the formal stock of common learning, but to preserve the treasures of 
human experience and thought, to diffuse them among men, and to 
increase, for countless generations, the absolute wisdom of mankind. 

A D D It E S S . 

The individual man, by memory, observation and reflection, ; 
aft, education, learning and wisdom — as the n 
I ' . ... ,-n life, and the application of his individual faculties to t] 
»-un stances of his personal experience. Besides that, he feed 
instructions of his parents, the traditions of his elders. 
' , , »ved by the observations and experiments of others, hi-- ■. 
rotemporaries. He and they mutually borrow and impart,. 
strength, stimulation and development from the presence and i 
of each other. And, still beyond all that, there is a certain bo'J.j 
flit, found in the community, of which the individual man is-1 
an inconsiderable fraction, and which is a part of its essential life, : 
proceeding' from any individual source, not related to one more ll 
to others, not traceable, perhaps, to any single mind living in any i 
but inherited by the whole people as a part of the wisdom of tli 
ticn, the community or the race to which they belong. The die-eat- 
eries in science, the inventions in the mechanic arts, the improve;:: 
in domestic economy, the generalizations of philosophy, the creati< 
of poetry — traceable in their origin to great thinkers and actors of;: 
given time — pass out into the minds and become part of the famili 
knowledge — modify nig the thought, shaping the conduct and enrichi 
the lives — of many thousands or millions of men, until, with their re- 
sults, they become incorporated into the unconscious experience, a 
help to compose the wisdom of a whole nation, or of a whole a; ; 
Transmitted to the next generation, they form a part of its stock of 
inherited knowledge, as well as of its inherited wisdom. If the story 
of the lolicn, how, ichere, by ivlwm, with all their attendant incident; 
and details, likewise goes down, they become a part of history. 
And then the succeeding generation possesses, not only the result i 
the thought of the thinker, of the skill of the actor, and the enlarged 
wisdom of the generation to whom they were immediately sent, bid 
accumulates also the largest number of facts and phenomena, needful 
for understanding, interpreting, generalizing, adapting and improving 
upon the past, so as to enable the men of the present to fulfil their 
highest mission, and prepare for their own future. 

Thus History touches all human life, on every side. It instructs 
the individual. It gives a now tone to a community. It elevates a 
nation. It enlivens a generation. It inspires the human race. All 

A D D It ESS. 5 

may be known, remembered, felt, loved, hated, venerated or 

fined; all things and all ideas, cognizable by the human mind, or 

fj excite human emotion, all spiritual as well as all material tilings, 

• found within its domain. It does not forget the form of a shop- 

• Vs crook, nor of the manger in a Syrian stable, while rising to the 
• mplation of Oriental philosophy two thousand years old, or to 

;im exploration of the astronomy of the Magi. Nor does it forget to 

preserve the genealogy of Joseph, though soaring to report the song 

:ols, and struggling to record the sublime story and mystery of 


You do not yield to the promptings of a mere, intellectual curiosity, 
nor of local, family or sectional vain-glory — when you devote this 
iition, with fit instrumentalities for conducting learned researches 
and treasuring up their results, to the study of the history and gen- 
ii .v of .New England. You would have done enough to merit 
rati tnde and praise — if, out of the pious and heroic times of the 
colonies, of the Revolution," of the recent war for the Union of the 
States, the liberties of the people and the rights of human nature — 
d', out of the biographical annals of sweet ana gentle women, of men 
courageous, tender and true, not known to worldly fame, but still fit- 
companions of the many loaders in thought and action, whose names 
are apart of the glory of New England, greatness — you would have 
done enough, had you made it your successful purpose to rescue from 
the common decay those materials from which some future Walter 
Scott of our own might do for mankind in the treatment of New Eng- 
land story, what the great " AYizard of the North " did for the many 
million readers of the English tongue, in the treatment of the history 
and legendary lore of Scotland. Our annalists, genealogists, and 
antiquaries, with pains-taking, and often with quite unambitious and 
i pparently unrewarded care, furnish not only the threads and clues, 
the essential details of fact needful for the development of historical 
truth, and of philosophic history — but they are daily rescuing from 
remorseless time the materials for song and legend, for poetry and 
romance, by the aid of which creative Art will reproduce, on its charm- 
ed pages, that trauscendant form of history, which teaches not by dry 

rration, but by the resurrection before our very eyes of the living*, 
breathing, moving originals themselves. So, too, you work for juris- 

.'. A D D 

.'".-■ ' - 5 ' •' '>'.'. -'■: . ' 

ri r j slice : ii I ' . . 

! . : tion ; the reform of mann rs nc 
:' e who declare and : >1 their regu] ti n ; tL 
ion of the estate of the humbler, ruder, more sufieri - 1 
)mmon humanity, and even of the condition' and h t 
'. : . and the had — whom God forever pities and re: 
h ■•;- er, in our haughtiness, we may despise and forget t 

Per the sake of History itself, let us deal honestly an i 
■• i h the record our predecessors have left behind them. Foi 
of every science needful for the development :h human soci \ 

hpation from avoidable error and pain : and for their own 
too — who. now removed from the distractions of this world's 
ments, must desire, more than all things, the universality of ■' 
and Truth — let us explore v < '■' cs ai :1 actions of men, and tli 
orations, with pious carefulness, but with impartial fidelity an I i 
pendence. While there Is no error possible, into which - 
men have not at some time fallen; nor any wrong of whic 
good men have not at some time loon guilty, and while — j 
the conduct 01 men in other epochs by the light of our own — we . 
sometimes compelled both to wonder and to shudder at the an 
with which ignorance has dogmatized, and the crucltv with 
poor mortals have assumed to deal the bolts of heaven : th- 
ence with which the laws of nature and the rights of humanity 
boon contradicted ; the hardness which all they were called to so:" 
who maintained any protest in their behalf — we are comforted, als 
by the exhibitions of heroism, faith, and the sweet fragrance oi 
love (almost divine) found on the same pages aad exemplified in 1 
same lives. They remind one of the union, five hundred years r._ 
of that "Hal o' the Wynd," so noble in his generosity, so d: 
in his courage, so terrible in the battle, and so ready to " fight 
own hand" — slaying men, like Samson, without conscious malice, ai 
without remorse — with that "Fair maid of "Perth," in whom :' : 
epoke refinement, spirituality, and calm philosophy — in the midst 
border war, clannish strife, and universal ignorance. But thai 
heart of the "Fair Maid" had already given itself to the rustic 
pion of Perth is seen even in her remonstrance against his beam 


. \ I fashioning the weapons of bloody strife. She tempered the asper- 
ity of her rebukes by applying to Henry himself a charily she would 
have had him feel towards his foe. " The truth of Heaven," she ex- 
claimed, '-'was never committed to a tongue, however feeble, but it- 
gave a right to that tongue to announce mercy while it declared 

In order to deal fairly with any high pursuit, the becoming and con- 
venient appliances of study must not be overlooked. The society has 
not failed to accumulate already a valuable body of material for the 
uses of the ingenious student, antiquary or historian. It must con- 
tinue to grow in richness and in volume. And the time has fully 
come when necessity as well as convenience — when beauty, fitness 
and order, all combine to demand a new and more commodious deposi- 
tary. Without more ample accommodations for your library, rare 
books and manuscripts will serve for but little use, I hope that the 
zeal of the members of the society, and the enlightened generosity of 
liberal men, will give early success to an enterprise, not much longer 
possible to be delayed, for the procurement of an appropriate and 
commodious building, to be the permanent home of the association. 

I trust that these words, which I have ventured, as introductory to 
the New Year on which we enter to-day, may be taken as an earnest 
cf more service, which many persons (myself one of them) would 
gladly render, if we could, in the prosecution of historical and bio- 
graphical research, and the illustration of the earlier life of New Eng- 
land. The more, that we neglect, may be perhaps forgiven by our 
fortunate brethren, happy in the indulgence of their taste, and their 
love of learning, when they remember that we have at least a com- 
mon sympathy with their pursuit, an appreciation of their useful 
studies, and that we share with them the spirit of pious veneration for 
the ancestry from, whom we have in like manner descended. 

"Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that becrat us. 
The Lord hath wrought great glory by them through his great power 
from the beginning. Such as did bear rule in their kingdom, men rc^ 
nowned for their power, giving counsel by their understanding, and 
declaring prophecies. Leaders of the people by their counsels, and 
by their knowledge of learning, meet for the people, wise and eloquent 
in their instructions. Such as found out musical tunes, and recited 

8 ADDKL S S . 

verses in writing. Rich men furnished with ability, li\ ing pea 
in their habitations. All these were honored in their gem rati 
were the glory of their times. There be of them, thi I [ 
name behind them, that their praises might be reported. And 
there be which have no memorial ; who are perished as thou 
had never been ; and are become as though they had never been ! 
and their children after them. But these were merciful men, v 
righteousness hath not been forgotten. With their seed shall 
ally remain a good inheritance, and their children arc within the •• 
nant. Their seed standeth fast, and their children for their sa;: 
Their seed shall remain forever, and their glory shall not be blot: 
out. Their bodies are buried in peace ; but their name liveth 


Boston, Wednesday i January 2, 1S67. — The twenty-second annual meeting was held 
Lt the Society's rooms, No. 13 Bromfie'ld street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the 
ircsicl it, Hon. John A. Andrew, LL.D., in the chair. 

The librarian reported donations during the last month of 1J bound volumes and 
63 pamphlets, various newspapers, portraits and- photographs. The additions to 
he library during the past year are 29-2 bound volumes, 1701 pamphlets, besides 
aanuscripts, maps, photographs and newspapers. The whole number of bound 
'ol umes in the library is 7365 ; pamphlets, 23,207. 

Rev. E. F/Slafter, chairman of the nominating committee, reported a list of can- 
lidates for omi i rs for the current year, all of whom were unanimously electi d. 

On the announcement of the result of the election, the president delivered - the 
ddress, which is printed in full in the preceding pages. 

The report of the treasurer, William B. Towne, showed that dining the past year 
he ordinary receipts had paid the ordinary expenses, leaving a balance in the Trea- 
ury — that the permanent funds had been increased ^5!0, principally by Life 
aembershipSjt and now amount tj $4,7-11.40, mostly invested in Government secu- 

"William B. Trask, the historiographer, reported that during the past year 
wenty-two members had deceased, memoirs of most of whom had been prepared. 

William B. Towne, chairman. of the trustees vi the Barstow Fund — which eon- 
ists of §1000, given to the Society in 1882-3 by the late John Barstow, of Provi- 
lence, R. I. a year or two before his decease, the income of which is devoted to the 

* Besides the directors in the list of officers appended to this report, the board consists of the following 

directors, ex-officio : namely, the president (Hon. John A. Andrew, LL.D., of Boston), the past presidents 

Uev. J soph B. Felt, LL.D., of Salem, Hon. William Whiting-. A.M., of Iloxbury, Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of 

. C !. All . in D. I] dges, of Iloxbury, and Winslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., of Boston), the secretaries (Rev. 

: iinund F. Slafter, A.M., and Edward S. Rand. Jr.. A.M., both cf Boston), the treasurer (William B. Towne, 

t Brookline), the historiographer (William 1'. Trask, of Dorchester), the librarian (John II. Sheppard, A.M., 

■ I n), the chairmen of the several standing committees (John Ward Dean, of Boston, Frederic Kidder, 

f Bos; m, Jeremiah Colburn } of Boston, William Reed Deane, of Brookline, and William II. Whitmore, of 


ivment of thirty dollars by himself or others will constitute any resident or corresponding mem- 

' i :he Society a life member thereof, and entitle him, without further expense, to all the rights of a 

■r during life. 


• '• r , i }) ■ .".;-. repotted that 230 volumes had hwn bound from tb< 

; irinj; the past year, leaving a balance of £116 80 of the inc 

I ' : ' L 

; ; . ( 'harli B. Hall, one of the trustees of the Towne Memorial Fund. r< 

• [ he income lias accumulated during tlie past year, and the fund novi 

• si, -J 15 03. The purpose of the income of t]us fund, in accordance with r, 
. the d >nor, is to publish a memorial volume of deceased members when the > 
il lei'ia it expedient. 

('■!. A. D. Hodges, chairman of the Trustees cf the Bond Fund, a valuable ■ 
leeched in 1S39. from the late Henry Bond, M.D., of Philadelphia, reported 
rh.'i'c was £171). 82 on hand, derived from the sale of the Genealogies and liiv 
;' Water town. # 

The report of the Library Committee was made by Jeremiah Colburn, chai 
The rep >rt of the Finance Committee was made by F. Kidder, chairman, 

Tiie report of William R. Deane, chairman of the Committee on Paper.- ;: 
ia-savs, -hnvetl that thirteen papers had been read at the monthly meetings el-ui 
rhe past year, several of which had been published. 

The Committee on the preparation of Biographies of deceased members, reper 
iliat the wore was in progress, and itwn believed that at no distant day the S ■• 
would have v.ithin it archives Biographies of all or nearly nil its deceased uscwh:-. 

The report of the Publishing Committee wt-s read by the secretary in beh 
ham Ward Dean, chairman, stating that in addition to other publication.:- ' 
wrrnticth volume of ih* New England Historical and Genealogical Key: rcri 
i ecn completed, and one numl-er oi the twent\-lhst volume has been issued, s-h • 
the last annual meeting. The work has b^cn edited by Kev. Elias Nation, and t; of publication has been conducted by the Treasurer, both of whom air 
gratuitously contributed their services. The number of subscribers is only rb;'i 
-::: hundred. 

In order to place the Register upon a permanent foundation, it is the intent; n ■■ 
the Committee to make an effort for its inci eased circulation dining the pre.vem 

Augustus Thorntii'kc Perkins, in behalf of William II. Vfhitmore, chairman, rea 1 

* l^is fund consists of the proceeds from the sale of Bond's Goiealogies and History of IVaterlo r. 
Kb : balance of the edition of which \n sheets, was b-queathed by the author to the Society (Register xiii. :'. I. 
Mv.l-L'a and cover Oct. ISof')- The mouej received from the sales is to be invested, and the income us-..- : 
: 'i the 1 urchase of local histories and genealogies. The book i-' a thick octavo, oflOOi closely printed p . 
with portraits and mrais. Besides the historical matter, vvliieh is interesting and valuable, there are .-■.:.■ ■ 

>i a, great number of faauhes. The following are .-viae ol the larger genealogies: Alien, Lee r 
ik-mis, Bigelow, Briscoe, Bead, Bowman, Boylstou, Bridge, Bright, Browne, Chester, Child, Cool i 
la-\ '/..: :sworth), Cutler, Cutting, DL-c, Easteibrook, Eddy, Eyre,, Flagg. Fuller, Goddard, 1 '.- 
it-Tit-, Gove. ILigir, Hammond, Harrington, Harris, Hastings, Hoar, Hubbard, Hyde, Jonnison, Joi ■ 
-- II, Lawrence. Learned, Livermore, Mason, Mixtcr, Morse, Norcross, Oldham, Bark, Parkhurst, i' r, 

Phillips ' Whue, Abbott, Jewell, Spoaner, Tilliaghast, Quiney, appendices to Phillips), Saltonstall, SaiaU-r^c: . 
■- imp r. Sherman. Smith, Spring, Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Bellows, Johnson, Redington, Sparhawk, Newc :h ■ 
Prua,\ Stone, Stratton, Tarbeli, Thornton, Uphani, Warren, Wellington, White, Whitmore, Whitney, YO. - 
'■ Woodwrrd and Wyraan. 

■"" ^me cf these are fuller than most of the Genealogies published separably in book form, and many ot th 
■■' -*ht down to the present time. Members and others, who feel that the Society is accomplish; a t - 
3 r; - vn rthy wovk, can aid it by helping the sale cf this book. The price is £5, which is probably less :'. -■ 

' ■ i t • a e air'. ;-. 

• 'la::aav Excland Historical axj> Gexeamgicai r.KCis-r^r. U published quarterly, ai the Soch-fjb 
'■' Ilj: -t 33 Eromf'ield street. Each number >. embellished with a ttotJ pT.'tmir, and contains 'Jo pages, ?•■ - 
' ■■• ra yearly volume of'nera-ly -100 page's. Those who wish to encourage the work, will please t^ a 1 ir 
'hor, William B. Iowxs, treasurer, as above, Boston. Subscription price, Three Dollars a year. 

A X X U A L M E E T 1 X G . 


:i of the Committee on Heraldry. During the List year the " Heraldic 

:. i] " had thrown new and important light upon tiie genealogy and heraldry of 

' ington. Hutchinson, Dudley, Norton. Lowell, Temple and other families. 

I ommittee intend to continue the publication, and it its hoped the members of 

< uiety will continue to aid the enterprise by furnishing the Committee with 

; of the early use of Coats of Arms in this country. The volume for 1867 

he edited by William S. Apple ton. 

, m >rion of Dr. Winslow Lewis, the thanks of the Society were voted to the 
it, ex-Governor Andrew, for his elegant, learned and appropriate address, 
ij eopy was requested for the archives of the Society. 

inks of the Society were also voted to Rev. II. M. Dexter, D.D., for his 
• s as corresponding secretary, he now retiring on account of the pre.- sure of 
■r duties. 
;c tiianks of the Society were also voted to other retiring officers. 



Hon. JOHN A. ANDREW, LL.D., of Boston. 

if, . i Tut Us. Hon. George 35. Upton, of Boston. 

Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., of Portland, 
Xac Hampshire, Hon. Samuel D. Bell, LL.D!, of Manchester. 

Vermont. Hon. Hampden Cuits, A.M., of Brattleboro'. 

Rhode Island. Usher Parsons, A.M., M.D., of Providence. 

Conned . Prof. Calvin E. Stowe, D.D., of Hartford, 

A , w York. 

Xew J 






District of Columbia 


Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo. 
S. Alofsen, of Jersey Citv. 
William Duane, of Philadelphia. 
lion. John H. 13. Latrobe, of Baltimore. 

Hon. John Wentworth, A.M., of Chica ;o. 
Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., of Milwaukee. 
Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., of Davenport. 
Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington. 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., of St. Louis. 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafteu, A.M., of Boston. 

.Recording Secretary. 

Edward Sprague Rand, Jr., A.M., of Boston. 


William B. Towne, of Brookline. 

Historiogr apher. 
William Blake Teask, of Dorchester. 


John H. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston. 

Editor of the Historical and Genealogical Begister. 

Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of North Billcrica. 

Directors, Standing Committees, and Trustees. 

Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston. 
Joseph Palmer, A.M., M.D., of Boston. 
Hon. George W. Messinger, of Boston. 
John M. Bradbury, of Boston. 
Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Fund and the C ashman 

Genealogical Fund. 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury. 
Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
Thomas Waterman, of Boston. 

Trustees of lite Barsiow Fund and the 

Tonne Memorial Fund. 
William B. Towne, of Brookline. 
Col. Almon I). Hodges, of Roxbury. 
lion. Charles B. Hall, of Boston. 

Committee on Lectures and Essays. 
William Reed Deane, of Brookline. 
Rev. W. Gilbert, A.M., of Longwood. 
Hon. Chas. Hudson, A.M., of Lexington. 
Rev. Dorus Clarke, A.M.. of Waltham. 
David Pulsifer, of Boston. 

, Publishing Con 

! John Ward Dean, of Boston. 
j William B. Trade, of Dorch - r. 
Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D., of Bo--: 
! William H. Whitmore, of Boston. 
! William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 
• Rov.'EHas Nason, A.M., of N". Billerit 
1 William B. Towne, of Brookline. 

Committee on Finance. 
i Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
| Hon. George V.'. Messinger, of Boston.. 

Hon. Geo. C. Richardson, of Boston. 
i John W. Candler, of Brookline. 

Committee on the Library. 
i Jeremiah Colburn, cf Boston. 
i George Mountfort, of Boston. 
[ John K. Wiggin, of Boston. 
| Dcloraine P. Corey, of Boston. 

Committee on Heraldry. 
! William II. Whitmore, of Bo-ton. 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., of Sal. in. 
: Augustus T. Perkins, A.M. ; of Boston. 
j William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 

■ • 

\ . M • 

\ W I L I) 1 

. : . . nety, 


I. ;. jam . (, I 


. . : , . ; N , , i 

■ UTS ( ) K T HE I.M;0{M;KJ)!NGH 

' K '1 INN S . 



I. o - ro X : 
PH f N TK I) R V It A V It* CL A I' P a- M)N 
I ft H 





il'cfo (Biujlimtr |jist0iic-6.circa{0csical Smetjr, 



TO "WHICH AHE ,U'Pr,xr>r:D 






18 6 8. 


Reprinted from the New England Historical and Genealogical I; 

for April, 1868. 




Gentlemen of the Society :■ — Most sincerely do I thank you for the 
lienor conferred in electing- me as your presiding- officer. I wish, how- 
■ ver, that your able Vice President, the Hon. Mr. Upton, could have 
i'Cen persuaded to accept this office, or that the choice had fallen on 
s-.-me one of the able gentlemen around me, more capable than myself 
i discharging its duties. It has been a rule of life with me never to 
withhold my services where my friends have deemed them of value, 
•.;k1 it is under this conviction that I accept, though with great re- 
luctance and diffidence, the office to which yon have elected me. 

I have long felt a deep and abiding interest in institutions for the 
Preservation of historical and genealogical information, but my life, 

- you know, gentlemen, has been crowded with labors in another 
fine of duty, in efforts to advance the great industrial interests of our 
land, and to multiply the comforts and pleasures of rural life. From 
' ie day when my mother first took me into the garden to help dress 
:md keep it, I cannot remember the time when I did not love the culti- 
vation of the soil. Possessing such instincts and tastes, I have felt 
that I had a mission in this particular line of duty to perform, and 

y sense of obligation has induced me to abstract from the im- 
' ei alive duties of a merchant, and from my family,, all the time and 
nieans I could spare, for its fulfilment. It is this which has prompted 

" in all my efforts for the establishment of the various institutions 
with which 1 have been associated. 


And now, gentlemen, I am ready and willing- to render rny • ■ 
for the advancement of this institution. But it must be reim 
thai I have passed the summit of the hill of life, and am de 
on the other side, and I cannot hut feel that you need some i 
more able and energetic than myself to oecupy this chair. 
committee, however, have kindly informed me that they will r< 
no more of me than my health and inclination may dictate, and, 
this assurance, I accept the office, and promise to render all the a 
ance in my power. Called, as I am, without preparation to this cl 
it will not be expected that I should submit a formal address, 
elaborate and eloquent addresses of my predecessors have conf.-i 
importance and influence on the Society, but I shall confine my oil 
more especially to its immediate necessities, and to methods for . 
plying its wants. As soon as I can have an opportunity for cocsu. 
tion with the officers and friends of the Society, I will lay before y 
some suggestions in regard to these subjects. 

Gentlemen, 1 cannot allow the present moment to pass without s 
tribute, on my part, to the memory of your late illustrious Presnl 
It was my privilege to be acquainted with Gov. Andrew. For c 
sistency of character, unswerving patriotism, integrity of heart ; 
kindness of disposition, I know no brighter example. When we l!; : . 
of the place which he occupied in society, and in the hearts of ', 
countrymen, removed, too, in the zenith of his usefulness, and ;•' 
time when we can least afford to spare him, we cannot but feel i\ 
this dispensation of Divine Providence is indeed mysterious. But (>'■ 
knows what is best for us, and we would bow in humble submission 
His Holy Will. Men die, but institutions live. Gov. Andrew is dc;i 
The clayey tenement has indeed fallen, but how little of such men c 
perish ! His voice is indeed silent, but posterity will accord him 
immortality which history will cherish and humanity admire, a pi 
among those philanthropists and patriots whose noble labors and v, 
thy designs shall live when monuments of marble shall have cruml 1 
into dust. We shall much miss his wise counsels and endeavors 
advance the objects of our association, but our loss, we doubt not, 
his unspeakable gain. lie has been removed to a higher and h>." 
life, far beyond the convulsions and disappointments of time, to tlr 



estial fields, whose verdure is ever green, whose bloom is evcrlast- 
,.*, and whose fruits are immortal — to those happier realms, where 
. cloud shall ever dim the vision of his faith, no changeover mar the 
ruition of his hopes — 

" Where rivers of pleasure flow o'er the bright plain 

And the noon-tide of glory eternally reigns." 


Gentlemen: — In connection with the remarks that I had the privi- 
lege to make at the time of my election, I have now to submit the 
following, as the result of my reflections, in regard to the present 
condition of the Society, the importance of its work and its imperative 
necessities, and to suggest some plans for increasing its income and 
enlarging the sphere of its future influence and usefulness. 

First, let us acknowledge the debt of gratitude we owe to the 
i Hinders of the Society, especially to those gentlemen, who, by gra- 
tuitous services, have watched over and sustained it to the present 
time. By their self-sacrificing exertions it has acquired an honorable 
position among the institutions, not only of our commonwealth and 
country, but in foreign lands. It numbers among its members the 
names of many warm friends and distinguished men, through whom 
and the co-operation of sister associations, it is constantly receiving 
and dispensing information of the most desirable character. For a 
period of twenty-three years the Society has been zealously engaged 
in the acquisition of the most important documentary knowledge. It 
iias rescued from the shades of oblivion a large amount of rare ma- 
terials most valuable to toe antiquary, historian and biographer ; 
and it is believed that its collection of scarce books, pamphlets and 
manuscripts will compare favorably with any other similar institution, 
of its age, in the United States. By the Report of Mr. Sheppard, the 

I . AD D. R E S S . man, at the annual meeting-, January, 1868, it appears that th 
;..;■• nearly eight thousand volumes of book.-,, and more than tw< : 
tw i thousand pamphlets, many of which if lost, he states, could \ 
be replaced. 

To provide against such a possible disaster, and for bettor . 
commodations, my honored predecessors have made suggestion': 
their annual addresses'. Should a fire occur and destroy our lil 
nays Dr. Lewis, " the biographical memoirs and other publican 
and documents conveying the history of the various families of K<j 
'England from the clay of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers until n< 
could not be restored." "Without more ample accommodations f 
your library/' says Governor Andrew, " rare books and manuscri; ! 
will serve but for little use." 

To secure these treasures from such a contingency is a matter - 
grave consideration, involving an obligation on the part of those \vl 
possess power and position, in a word, on the enlightened generosir, 
of all liberal men, to use their influence to secure this end. Thi 
shall they preserve the history of their native land, the memory > I' 
their fathers, and perpetuate the record of their own descent down tin 
long lapse of generations to come. 

In regard to the operations of the Society, I would respectful!; 
recommend that in view of the imperative necessities for more ample 
and safe accommodations, and with the anticipation of an increase ui 
our funds by legacies, donations and memberships, an application 1 : ' 
made to the legislature for an act allowing the Society to hold a large t 
amount of property than it can now hold by its present charter. 
' ) would also suggest the propriety of establishing a fund, as soon 
as circumstances will permit, for the publication of rare manuscript 
and historical works. This proposition is made with the hope thai 
the friends of the Society may find it agreeable, in making up their 
bequests to public institutions, to leave money for this special purpose. 
like those of the Barstow, Towne and other trusts. 

i am also of the opinion that some special arrangement might l 
made by which a division of labor would be of much value. For the 
purpose T would suggest that the usefulness of our Society may 1 
greatly advanced by dividing the field of historical inquiry into sec 


tions or departments. It is a maxim of universal application, that a 
concentration of effort is necessary to the achievement of great results. 
The field of local and family history, which it is the object of this So- 
ciety to cultivate, is exceedingly large. It reaches over abroad terri- 
tory, and embraces a great variety of subjects. Xo one member can be 
supposed to have the inclination or the leisure to push his investiga- 
tions into all the departments of historical study which lie within the 
scope of the Society's appropriate work. But there are persons un- 
doubtedly, in the ranks of our large membership, who have both the 
taste arid leisure, and who would take a pride in developing a single 
department, if it were committed to their special supervision. Let a 
given subject be committed to one of our associates who may have a 
taste for that particular field of inquiry, and let him make himself 
familiar with all its historical resources. If his department were, 
for instance, the local history of one of the New England States, 
he should aim to know every book that has ever been printed on 
the history of that State or any part of it, in any of its subdi- 
visions whatever, and he should aim to obtain, if possible, copies 
fur our library. He should also extend his inquiries to all exist- 
ing manuscripts, which can possibly be found ; he should ascertain 
the historical value of them, and in whose possession they are, and, if 
advisable, use his influence to obtain their publication, or, when prac- 
ticable, secure the original or a copy for the archives of this Society. 
1 can imagine that labors thus directed would, in the space of a few 
years, greatly increase the historical treasures of our library, and 
in various other ways extend the influence and usefulness of this 

I do not propose to designate the departments that should be formed, 
or to elaborate the subject, but I merely throw out this hint, with the 
hope that should the suggestion meet the approbation of the mera- 
I'Crs, the scheme maybe developed under the direction of the Society, 
and be presented for our consideration and action in a practical form. 

As a further means of advancing the objects of the Society, let us 
seek to affiliate with us, not only those whose taste and inclination 
lead them to the acquisition of historical knowledge, but those who 




. p : lie benefactors arc disposed to give of their substance f . 
up and sustaining the institutions of New England. 
Wo have now two hundred and fifty members. Why shouL] 
not have a thousand? Let each member procure another and 
double our present number. For one I will pledge myself to pi 
I wQiity. Let a general effort be made, and let these, as well as . 
dent members, as far as practicable, take life-certificates by the j 
merit of thirty dollars each. This would constitute no incon ' 
fund, from which a permanent income would be derived for years i 
wc shall have ceased from our labors. 

Let our members also take an active interest in the circulation 
the publications of the Society, not only by subscribing themseh 
but by inviting their friends to do the same. 

The Historical and Genealogical Register, published under the 
rection of this Society, is now in its twenty-second volume. T. 
magazine is full of most interesting historical matter, interesting 
every part of New England, and to all persons of historical tastes, 
wider circulation of this periodical would subserve the interests 
history, and enable us to make it more valuable from year to year. 
To enlarge its sphere of usefulness, this Society must have in 
appropriate accommodations, more members and more funds, 
whom then can wc appeal for aid, more hopefully, than to the enterpv 
ing and liberal citizens of New England, so well known for their ; 
lanthropic deeds in formino* and sustaining; the institutions of • 
land? We would, therefore, solicit gentlemen to become associa:* 
with us, and thus by a co-operation of their efforts and their fm; 
add to the ability and increase the efficiency of the Society. Esj 
dally would wc invite the merchant princes of Boston, alike dist 
guished for their enterprise and contributions in behalf of benevoh 
and worthy objects, to unite with us in efforts to sustain the pre- 
high character of our institution and to make it more and m 
worthy of the patronage of an enlightened community. "Merclia' 
have been," says a celebrated divine, " in the order of Provide: 
and the progress of civilization, the princes and honorables of ' 
earth. The history of the development and improvement of the r. 
of man, is, in some sense, a history of the activity and useful^ 



merchants." Our own national history is intimately associated 
commerce. The merchant lias been a pioneer in the progress of 
lization. No class more readily appreciates the value of a good 
■ ct. None possesses more general intelligence, sound judgment 
] moral worth, and to none is Massachusetts more indebted for acts 
public and private munificence than to the merchants of Boston 
. 1 its vicinity. 
(ientlemen, it is our good fortune to live in an age of high progres- 
sive civilization — an age pregnant with mighty moral and political 
vents. Never before have the energies of good men been so conccn- 
raied in efforts for the diffusion of knowledge, the relief of suffering, 
> reward of labor and the multiplication of the blessings and 
iinforts of mankind. We live, too, in a country of amazing pro- 
irtions, containing boundless fields for human development and 
:appiness, extending, expanding and strengthening with its growth; 
uibracing almost every variety of soil and climate, capable of pro- 
ducing most of the products of the habitable globe, and whose 
■[.illation, ere some now living shall go down to their graves, will 
; all human probability exceed two hundred millions of souls ; a 
ountry whose thriving villages and populous cities spring up as by 
v/hantment — whose commerce, manufactures and internal improve- 
rs whose institutions, civil, literary and religious, whose military, 

• val and moral power, whose genius, people and prosperity, arc the 
under and admiration of the world. 

Tin's Society was instituted for the preservation of the history of 
w people, and for its transmission to future generations. This is' 

uoble design. History enlarges the field of human knowledge. 

t teaches posterity i6 imitate the examples of the good, and to avoid 

o practices of the bad — " to hold, as it were, the mirror up to na- 

ic>, to show virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, and the 

' "i"y age and body of the time." 

Our New England history embodies the laws, piety and patriotism of 
*r fathers — the intelligence, enterprise and progress of the age — and 

! be a guide to our children and our children's children, long after 

• shall have passed from the scene. 

"History," says Macaulay, "is but the grand development of 


ill A D DRESS. 

God's grand plan." The importance of history is thus 
described in the last address of your lamented President, 
worthy of being* repeated on this occasion. "History t< 
human life. It elevates a nation. It inspires the humaD race. 
that excites human emotion, all spiritual as well as all materia] 
ore found in its domain. All of knowledge we can. gather abou: 
predecessors, their lives, their thoughts, their achievements, 
daily practices, their worship, their civil government, and th 
lation — and all that we can garner up, methodize and transmit { 
future, belonging to the life, character and history of our own i 
tend, not only to enlarge the formal stock of common learnim , 
preserve the treasures of human experience and thought, to din' 
them among men, and to increase, for countless generations, 
absolute wisdom of mankind." 

And who is there among us that cannot appreciate the irnpori 
of our work—- who does not desire to preserve sacredly the n ' 
examples of our ancestors, to instruct, animate and guide us and ■ 
children — who that would not cherish the memories of the found 
and conservators of American Liberty, of those champions, who, i 
ing their mission with their blood, purchased the independence, exit- 
ed the freedom, preserved the government and perpetuated the unl 
.of these States ? And what son of New England does not feel an :: 
tercst in the history of the Pilgrim Fathers, their characters, th 
sufferings, their religion ? Who would not treasure up with niulyi 
gratitude the memories of these pioneers of American civilization 
these heralds of religious freedom? Who would not garner up ; 
priceless heritage the influence of that prayer, reverberating down li. 
long line of coming generations — that first prayer on the ever-mem 
rable Sabbath morn, when 

" Amidst the storm they sang, 

And the stars heard, and the sea ; 

And the sounding aisles of the dim woods rang 

To the anthems of the free." 

" It is not too much to say that in the first prayer from the soil 
the new world, ascending from so feeble a brotherhood, amid a w 
erness so desolate, were lodged the seeds of a new civilization : 

A D D It E S S ; 


i. unkind, the elements of all freedom for all nations, and the power 
:hich in its turn shall regenerate all the empires of* the earth. " 
British Quarterly Beview, 1845.) 

(icntlemen, the forecroincc considerations and sucre'estions are made 
with great deference to your riper experience and better judgment. 
They are offered, however, as the convictions of my own mind and for 
the purpose of co-operating with such ability as I possess. True, we 
are a society, but we are also individuals, and as such in our individual 
characters and circles we can do much. Let us feel the responsibility 
which rests upon us. Let us mature plans for the accomplishment 
of our objects, and let us execute them with an energy that knows no 
failure and a perseverance that never tires. 

" ^WM 


'•• ■■if r uurmg inc. 

For admission to the Society the candidate must be recommended b 

1 ■ t of Directors, and voted in as a member at a regular meetii 

'itie fee lor matriculation is three dollars. Resident membership 


Boston, Wednesday, January 1, 1868. — The twenty-third annual meeting 
held at the rooms of the society, 17 Bromfield Street, at 3 o'clock, P.M. lis 
absence of the vice-presidents, Dr. Winslow Lewis was culled to the chair. 

Mr. John H. Shcppard, the librarian, reported that during the year I8f>7. 
whole number of volumes added to the library amounted to 2-13, and of pamphlet.- " 
Several valuable manuscripts, photographs, &e., had also been received. A 1; 
number of the Journals, Resolves and Laws of Massachusetts, published ami; 
by the Province, between the years 1720 and 1800, had been procured by the lihn 
committee, and substantially bound in sixteen volumes. These documents are ■ 
rare, and of great historical value. The donations during the last month wen 
volumes and 3 pamphlets. The whole number of volumes in the library is 7 
and of pamphlets 23,732. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, corresponding secretary, reported that tune per.- 
had accepted membership as corresponding, and fifty -five as resident members, ihn 
the past year. He had also received many communications on questions of liui; 
and local history, all ol' which had been promptly answered. 

Mr. William B. Towne, the treasurer, reported that during the past year V 
ordinary receipts had paid the ordinary expenses, leaving a small balance in 
treasury from this source ; that the permanent funds had been increased £Gl'.i * 
principally by sums received for life-memberships,* and now amount to £530 1.'- 
mostly invested in Government securities. 

Mr. William 13. Trask, the historiographer, reported that during the six v.: 
that he had held this office, there had been 131 deaths of members. Biogranai 
-sketches of one hundred deceased members had been prepared by him, or at ■ 
request. These have been printed in the Register, leaving thirty that are in \ 
prepared for the press, but which it is his desire to make more complete before i 
are printed. 

The whole number of deaths since the organization of the Society, about tweu;; 
three years, has been, as near as he can ascertain. 276. During the year 1807, twea: 
two members Slave died. The average number of deaths annually while ho 1. 
held the office, had been about 22. 

Colonel A. D. Hodges, chairman of the trustees of the Bond fund, made a ver 

* The payment of thirty dollars by himself or others will constitute any resident or corresponding • 
' ' the Society a life member thereof, and entitle him, without further expense, to all the rights of a res. 
niK r during life. 

.ndcil by a member in writing, be approri 

. requires the payment annually of 


.-. that about £200 was in the bar.'].-} of the committee from proceeds of the sale 
. Dr. Jj md\s History of Watertown.* 

. . Townc, tin chairman of the trustees of the Barstow fund, reported that 101 

, : .::! • h id been bound from the income of this fund during the past year, leaving 

Mil. -Jo of the income unexpended, This fund consists of jslOUO, given to the >ci- 

- In l6(i2-3 by the late John liarstow, Esq., of Providence, K. I., then a vice 

nt of the society for that State, the income of which is devoted to the binding 

Iiuii. Charles B. Hall, one of the trustees of the Townc Memorial fund, reported 

; it the income has accumulated during the past year, and the fund now amounts 

: 1319.35. This was the gift of Sir. Wm. B. Townc, the treasurer, of ;< 1000 

:i finally, the income of which is to bo devoted to the publication of a memorial 

\ I mi ■ of deceased members when the society shall deem it expedient. 

Mr. John Ward Demi, chairman of the publishing committee, reported that the 
. :.';. publications of the society during the past year were the New England Histori- 

' and Genealogical Register, and one reprint from it, viz., the annual addles:; of 
::.'• president of the society, the late ex-Governor Andrew. 

The twenty-first volume of the Register has been completed, under the editorial 
rare of the Kev. Elias Xason, and the first number of the twenty-second has boon 
l~~wL under the charge of Col. Albert Ll. Hoyt.f 

Mr. Win. Reed Deane, chairman of the committee on lectures and essays, reported 
that there had been sixteen papers road before the society the past year, several of 
which have been published, and others will be printed. 

Mr. William II. Whitmore, chairman of the committee on heraldry, reported that 

• third volume of the Heraldic Journal had been issued during the year ISG7, 
• iited by Mr. William S. Appleton. Many pedigrees have been published during 
the existence of the Journal, which it is confidently believed will be of great service 
t > the future historian and genealogist. About sixty coats of arms have been en- 
slaved for the last volume, and a greater number have been carefully described. 

I - rip t ions on tombstones have been copied in Newport and Providence, K. I., 
'' mcord, Mass., Burlington, N. J., and Philadelphia, Pa., and a lares addition thus 
made to the number of families known to have used coat-armor. Much a ttention has 
;, en given to the genealogy of the families which received titles during the colonial 

The committee has found no evidence to weaken, but rather facts to confirm the 
Ulief hitherto expressed, that the use of armorial bearings in this country before 
1750, was p proper and authorized one. Several instances have occurred during the 
year, in which seals used by early- immigrants have been identified as belonging to 
l;tiiiilies allied to them : and it is expected that the more the inquiry is pressed the 
aijre value will be attached to these proofs. The committee has, from the first, been 
anxious to collect and verify coats-of-arms, rather than to expose errors in their use. 

II ■■ fact is unquestionable that many persons have ignorantly assumed arms to which 
' • ;• had no right, but it has seemed best to correct this error chiefly by publishing 

; t'ightand ignoring the wrong. So far as the influence of the society extends it 
frill continue to be given in support of careful criticism and for the extension of his- 
t'.'ncal information. 

In England the two magazines devoted to this subject, the Herald and Genealogist 
"no the Miscellanea llcraldica it Gcnealogiea, have continued to be issued and have 

This fund consists of the proceeds from the sale of Bond's Genealogies and History of Watertoicn, 
■-■ balance ut the edition of which in sheets, was bequeathed by the author to the Society (Register xm. 1274; 
>'• 1— 3; and cover Oct. lSoD). The money received from the sales is to be invested, and the income used 
: io purchase i f loc tl histories and genealogies. The book is a thick octavo, of 109-1 closely printed pages, 
- • [' n-traits and maps. Besides the historical matter, which is interesting and valuable, there are gecea- 
-es of a great number of families. The following are some of the larger genealogies: Allen, Dai rd, 
-- Bigelow, Briscoe, Bond, Bnvman, Bovlston, Bridge, Brisht, Browne, Chester, Child, Coolidu'e 
• ergksworth), Cutler, Cutting, Di.x, Easterbruok, Eddy, Eyre, fc'iske, Flags, Fuller, Goddard, Gold- 
; Cove, Hagar, Hammond, Harrington, Harris, Hastings, Hoar, Hubbard, Hyde, .lennisou, Jones, 
■ ill, Lawrence, Learned, Liverm >re, Mason, Mixter, .Morse, Noreross, Oldham, Bark. Park hurst, Peirce, 
•s- (VVhiti, Abbott, .1 -wett, So .oner, Tillinghast, Qui -icy, appendii es to Phillips). Saltonstall.S mders m, 
: --r, Sherman, Smith, Spring. Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Ik-llnws, Johnson, liedimHon, Sparhawk, Newcomb, 
■■'■■'■„ M-ae, Stratton, Tarbdl, Thornton, Ui-ham, Warren. Wehin-'ton. White. Whitmore. Whitney, \\ hit- 

Abbott, .' "v st, So .oner, Tillinghast, Qui -icy, append 
vin, Smith, Spring. Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Ik-llnws, ,1 

ton, Tarbdl, Thornton, Upham, Warren, Wel.ington, Whit 
■• ■..-. Woodward and Wyman. 

1 i Xkw Ksolvnd Historical axd Gkxkalooioai. Rlmsteh is published quarterly, at tl 
'-< 1' Bromtield street. Bach number is embellished with a steel portrait, and contains 9G ] 
'- L J irly volume of nearly 400 pages. Each volume contains a carefully prepared Lid--.-*., j. i: .- t 
', v* w, * u - ,5 encourage the work, will please address William B., treasurer, Boston. Subscription 
I •" .*, Three Debars a year. 

i, Svo., 


A P P E X D I 

,.,■ :-■.;! articles of interest to Americans. From Mr. W. S. 
■■■■■■■ iveJ a number of publications which have been duly distril 
!i . 1 that tho interchange of information on genealogical aih 
' ! i writers and cur own, is yearly becoming- more frequent. The i •■■•' 
.,n i .'••ui' learned associat :, Mr. Joseph L. Chester, ha.3 undoubtedly 
c { 1 1 this result, and the committee has repeatedly had occasion to acknov 
-,.,;,.- ,.!' hi- services. 

The committee repeated its annual request to members that they will forw; < 
[t ,\ ■ ;;,!,• ; of eoats-of-arms which they meet with, and thus assist in com] 1 
:, -k undertaken by it. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Shifter, chairman of the nominating committee, re] 
li-t cf candidates for officers the ensuing year, all of whom were unaniiu 

On the announcement of the election, Dr. Lewis, in a very cordial manner, • 
coined the president elect. Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, to the chair, on ass 
which, he delivered the address which is printed in the preceding pages. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, of Walthani, offered resolutions, that ]\Jr. Willia i 
Trask, who for the past six years has held the office of historiographer, has, 
the numerous papers which he has prepared and read at our meetings, i 
departed members of this association, laid the society under obligations v.l 
cannot be repaid : that the society expresses its profound regret that he has '■ 
obi'uj d by ill-health to decline a re-election ; and that it indulges the hope tli: 
release from these labors may tend to improve his health and prolong his useful!! 

On motion of Mr. David Pulsifcr, of Boston . the thanks of the society were pres : 
to Mr. William B. Towne and theliev. Eiias Xason for their valuable services upon 
Historical and Genealogical Register, for the past two years, the latter as editor 
the former as business manager, which services have been without compensation. 

On motion of Mr. A\ m. 11. Whitmore, the directors were instructed to pre]' 
petition to the city government, requesting the publication of the epitaphs ren ami 
in the graveyards within the city, a manuscript copy having been already prepai 

Also, on motion of Mr. Whitmore, it was voted that the" directors be imtra ' 
to assist in any efforts made to obtain a more suitable place for the Suffolk Pr ■ 
Records. A committee of five was appointed to co-operate with the directors in ! 
therance of the object proposed, viz. : Mr. Francis B. Hayes, Dr. Winslow Lewis, 11 
F. W. Lincoln, Jr., Mr. Wm. II. Whitmore, Hon. Charles Hudson. 

It i a matter of great moment that the Probate office and Registry of Deeds si ) 
be in a cafe as well as a more commodious building, not only as containing the o. • 
of all real property in Suffolk county, but also as being a repository of histori 
matter which could never be replaced in case of loss by tire. The contiguity oi 
tall-Museum building renders their situation dangerous, although the present la 
offices were intended when built to be fire-proof. 


' Boston, Thursday, January 10. — A special meeting was held in the society 
rooms, at three o'clock, P.M., the president, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the eh 

The president then made an address to the large number of members present, < 
the future work and present needs of the society. 

It was voted that the thanks of the society be presented to the Hon. Marshall !' 
Wilder for hi^ appropriate and suggestive address, and that a copy of it be requc?: 
for publication. His address is printed in the preceding pages. 

* Besides the directors in the list of officers appended to this report, the board consists of the folk 
directors ex-o/flcio : namely, the president (Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, of Dorchester), the past pros 
(it-v. Juseph B. Felt, LL.D., of Salem, Hou. William Whiting-, A.M., of Ro.xbury, Samuel G. Drake. ■ 
of Uoston, Coi. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury, and Winslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., of Boston), the - i 
(U-.v. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., and Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., both of Boston), the treasurer (\\ ill 
'J'.avik', of Brookline), the historiographer (Rev. Dorus Clarke, of Waltham), the librarian (John II- : 
e ir 1. A.M., of Boston), the chainneu of the several standing committees (John Ward Dean, of Boston, 
■tie Kidder, of Boston, Jeremiah Colburu, of Boston, William Reed Deuue, of Brookline, and Willla 
Vi Liunure, of Boston). 


mmittec consisting of Messrs. William 15, Townc, John Ward Dean, Jeremiah 
i n'l, I). P. Corey and William Whitman, was appointed to superintend the 
'.-• uf the address, and its distribution to the members of the society. 
was also voted that a committee be appointed to take into consideration that 

: «,f the President's address which relates to the creation of departments for 
. i] historical purposes, and to report a plan to the society. The Rev. Edmund 

- liter, the Kcv. Lucius E.. Paige, D.D., and William B. Trask were appointed 

: i tmnittce. 

\ mimittee of five was appointed to take measures for increasing the circulation 

i hi- .New England Historical and Genealogical Register, namely, Messrs. Charles 

. Tattle. Ebenezer W. Peirce, Abner (J. Goodeli, Jr., John Clark and Edward 

K. rster. 

■ lion of the President's address which relates to petitioning the Legisla- 
tor power to hold a greater amount of property, was referred to the directors, 

til full powers. 






Neio Hampshire. 


Mode Island. 


New York. 




District of Columbia. 

New Jersey. 





Oh io. 


Hon. MARSHAL! P. WILDER, of Dorcl : >r. 

-■. Hon. George B. Ui ton, of Boston. 

Hon. Israel Washrurn, Jr., of Portland. 
Hon. Samuel D. Bell, LL.D., of Manchester. 
Hon. IIamvdlx Cutts, A.M., of Brattleboro'. 
Usher Parsons, A.M., M.D., of Providence. 
Prof. Calvin E. Stove, D.D., of Hartford. 
Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo. 
Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago. 
Rt. Lev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport. 
Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D., of Milwaukee. 
Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington. 
S. Alofsen, of Jersey City. 
Hon. John H. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore. 
William Duane, of Philadelphia. 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., of St. Louis. 
Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D.. of Crawfordsville. 
Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading. 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston. 

Recording Secretary. 

Edward Sprague Rand, Jr., A.M., of Boston. 


William B. TWne, of Brookline. 


Rev. Dorus Clarke, A.M., of Waltham. 


John H. Siietpard, A.M., of Boston. 

Directors, Standing Committees, and Trustees. 

Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston. 
Joseph Palmer, A.M., M.D., of Boston. 
John M. Bradbury, of Boston. 
Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston. 
William B. Trask, of Dorchester. 

Publishing Committee. 
John Ward Dean, of Boston. 
William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Bom 
William S. Appleton, A.M., of Bom< 
Rev. Elias Xason, A.M., of X. Bill s 
J William B. Towne, of Brookline. 
j Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
Trustees of the Bond Fund and the Cash- \ Col. Albert II. Hoyt, A.M., of Bom 

man Genealogical Fund. 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury. 
Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
Thomas Waterman, of Boston. 

Trustees of the Barstoio Fund and the 

Toicne Memorial Fund. 
William B. TWne, of Brookline. 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury. 
Hon. Charles B. Hail, of Boston. 

Committee on. Lectures and Essays. 
William Reed Deane, of Brookline. 
Rev. W. Gilbert, A.M., of Longwood. 
Hon. Chas. Hudson, A.M., of Lexington. 
David Pulsifer, A.M., of Boston. 

Committee on Finance. 
Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
Hon. George W. Messinger, of Bos:< '■ 
Hon. George C. Richardson, of Bostcr. 
John W. Candler, of Brookline. 

Committee on the Library. 
Jeremiah Colburn, of Boston. 
John K. Wiggin, of Boston. 
Deloraine P. Corey, of Boston.. 
Col. Albert II. Hoyt, A.M., of Bosto: 

Committee on Herat dry. 
William H. Whitmore, A.M., of BoM 
AbnerC. Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Sal 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., of BoM 

Capt. G, II. Preble, U.S.N. CharlestOTvn. | William S. Appleton, A.M., of BosteJ 


A 1)1) RESS 


tESiutXT of Tin: 

Hcfo-tiTqiaiib Ijistorit-^nicaloairal Sncttfi), 






r;. THF**" 

m "■ ■ ' ft r 


-~-i-^ •"■ >. ^ 

18 6 9. 


A D D R E S S 



|lcfo-(!;nTjf;iiitr |) 4 i^nx-6cnc;iljj0ical Sfldtfg, 





*-— -Li}' L A (3 

33 OSTOX : 


Gentlemen of the Society : — 

J am deeply sensible of the honor conferred in calling me to the 
chair of this institution again. I should have been gratified had 
some other gentleman received your kind suffrages. But it accords 
with my tastes as well as with my principles, to " work while the 
day lasts, " and I therefore bow with grateful submission to your 

By the various reports which have just been presented it will be 
seen that the society is steadily progressing in the acquisition of 
members, of valuable historical material and in favor with the public. 
While we rejoice in the present healthful state of our association, let 
us ever bear in mind the obligations we are under to those gentlemen 
who have so generously and faithfully carried forward the society to 
its present flourishing and promising condition. 

But we cannot stop here. The wants of the society, the demands 
of the age, require more active, more general and more decisive efforts 
to place it on a higher level, on a broader and more permanent basis 
of usefulness. 

This is a New-England society. On its roll of officers and members 
are some of the most distinguished and honored gentlemen and scholars 
of the land, who are united with us in efforts for the acquisition and 
perpetuation of the history of our fathers. The objects and purposes of 
our association belo'ng not to Massachusetts alone, or to any one of the 
states in their separate capacity, but to New-England as a unity. Her 
people are all of the same stock ; their education and character are of 
the same type, and their history is interwoven at every stage of its 
progress. The purpose of this society, to develope the local and family 
history of New-England, reaches from the first planting of the little 
colony at Plymouth to the latest settlements in the forests of Maine, 
and there is not a family that has been reared on New-England soil, 
or an incorporated community within her borders, that is not the proper 
subject of our studies, and that ought not on the other hand to be 
personal! y interested in our aims. 


The work before us is vast in its proportions, reaching through n. 
than two centuries of time, embracing 1 the dead of the past and • 
living of the present ; and though it is inexhaustible in its natui 
have made a. noble beginning in the twenty-three years since thi 
ganization of this society. A very large part of the local and I 
histories that adorn our shelves, and that have contributed so is 
to our stores of historical knowledge, have been created within t! 
period, The spirit of investigation is now thoroughly alive. Co : 
butions in this department of history come flowing in to us near'- 
every day. Our rooms are visited by persons not merely -from tl. 
remotest parts of this state, but from every state in Xew-Engla: ! 
and indeed from every part of the Union, to carry on their investi; 
tions and to obtain that information which they can find no win 
else. Our sources of information on local and family history : 
already far richer than those offered by any other library or institu- 
tion in this country. 

Our rooms are the focus to which all interest in these subjects nat- 
urally tends, and from which in turn it diverges and goes forth int 
every part of our adopted field. It is our desire and our policy i i 
open our doors freely to every earnest investigator, who comes to is 
properly accredited, to carry on his important work. We wish t 
encourage the acquisition of historical knowledge, and the prepara- 
tion of historical works throughout every part of New-England, an 1 
among all ranks and conditions of men. 

The accumulation of works on our local history has been far mor • 
rapid and extensive than we could have anticipated when this society 
was established. And the accumulation must of necessity go on in 
an increased ratio in the future. The bulk of our material will un- 
doubtedly expand more than four-fold in the next twenty years. 

But, gentlemen, we have already come to a serious obstacle to our 
progress. We have no suitable building, where our invaluable col- 
lections can be properly preserved, and where they can be made ac- 
cessible and useful to the student of history. We have more than 
twenty thousand pamphlets, rich in historical facts, absolutely sealed up, 
and laid aside ; and on my right hand and on my left, as you see. arc 
masses of books, crowded together, pile on pile, upon which the tan- 
talized eye of the student may gaze, but which he has no power to 
bring to his use. 

The time has therefore arrived, gentlemen, when the possession oi 
a library-building has become an imperative necessity, and cannot 
be longer delayed without serious detriment to the progress of our 
noble work. In my last address I endeavored to enforce the im- 
portance of this subject, a subject which had been urged also with 
earnestness by my predecessors in office. The funds for this object 


are to be derived through the generosity of the liberal sons of 
New-England, and I cannot for a moment doubt that there arc among 
•;r members, and among those who are not members, many, who 
uld esteem it both an honor and a precious privilege to make con- 
tributions to this sublime work; men who would justly regard them- 
selves as unworthy of their inheritance, if they were not willing to 
make sacrifices for gathering up and perpetuating the history of their 
fathers. The history of our fathers! Whose heart does not rise in 
gratitude to Heaven that we are their children, that their blood flows 
in our veins ! What a debt we owe for the priceless blessings we 
now enjo} T ! Truly, their works do follow them ; truly, no people under 
the sun were ever blessed'with such civil, religious and educational 
privileges as ourselves. These are the fruits of the tree planted by 
our fathers. These are the fruits of the tree reared by their sacrifices 
and labors, watered by their tears and blood. 

'Wonderful as is the onward march of the expanding West, power- 
ful as she must continue to be in the councils and destinies of this 
nation, she must ever trace her progress and greatness to the influence 
of New-England principles in the formation of her character, to those 
principles of truth and justice and human right which have made and 
sustained our government, which will ever constitute the true glory 
of the American republic, and which shall yet revolutionize the world. 
Well was it remarked by Mr. Motley in a late speech, " When you 
can take the Rocky and Alleghany ranges out of our mountain sys- 
tem ; when you can take the Hudson and the Ohio and the Missouri 
rivers out of our river system ; when you can take a living man's heart 
out of his anatomical system and bid him go on rejoicing without it; 
then, and not till then, can you take New-England out of the political 
and social system of this country. ,} 

Think for a moment of the mighty results arising from the emigra- 
tion of that little band from the old world. Think of their small be- 
ginnings. What a, contrast with the present ! There is no terri- 
tory so broad, no continent so vast, no region so remote, that the influ- 
ence of New-England has not readied it. The enterprise of our fathers 
which first brought them to our shores, now touched by the genius of 
their sons, not only vibrates through old ocean's bed, but leaps, as it 
were, with one bound across the western world, binding together by 
the wonderful achievements of science and the golden links of com- 
merce, a people whose progress casts into the shade the examples 
of history, and whose rapidly reduplicating millions shall surpass in 
enterprise and intelligence and power the proudest nations of the 

While we would not exult in our pride of country, in the triumphs 
of industry, literature, science and patriotism, with which our history 


so signally abounds, yet wc cannot but look forward with inti 
tcrcst on the manifest indications of a still more glorious future, v, 
those principles which have made our nation what it is shall ext 
to the remotest ends of the earth. 

Standing as we do to-day in the midst of the grandest developi 
of national resources which the world ever witnessed, it behoove-; 
of the present age to remember the virtues and heroism and sa> 
of our fathers, who laid the foundations for this unexampled march 
civilization. It behooves us to provide by every means in our p 
for the acquisition, and for the preservation and perpetuation of 1:. 
history, and the lessons it teaches, to the latest period of time. 

To do this is the peculiar and appropriate office of this societv 
History shall descend from generation to generation. The grav< 
tablet, yea, the towering column itself shall perish and be ground t 
powder by the tooth of time, but the historic record shall still exi<!, 
to tell with undiminished interest the story of the past : 

" When rust shall cut her brass, v,-hcn time's strong haud 
Khali bruise to dust her marble palaces, 
Triumphant arches, pillars, obelisks, 
* ****** 

Historians' books shall live." 

Said Mr. Everett, "There is no way by which knowledge can b 
handed down, but by being learned over again ; and of ail the science, 
art and skill in the world, so much only will survive, when those \vh 
possess it are gone, as shall be acquired by the succeeding genera- 
tion." How important, then, that we treasure up the history of both 
the present and the past, that it may be transmitted to those who 
shall come after us ! The incidents of New-England history should I 
as familiar to ourselves and to our children as household words. 

"Our lips should tell them to our sons, 
And they again to theirs, 
That generations yet unborn 
May teach them to their heirs." 

In view, gentlemen, of the statement which I have made touching 
the crisis at which we have arrived in the progress of our work, the 
large accumulation of books, of pamphlets and manuscripts, which, 
with our present accommodations, cannot be arranged for use ; and in 
view of our future growth when our material shall expand to four- 
fold its present extent, and that we may carry out the objects of the 
society as expressed in the second article of our constitution, " to col- 
lect, preserve and disseminate the local and general history of New- 
England, and the genealogy of New-England families/' I would, 
therefore, respectfully recommend the appointment of a committee. 
whose duty it shall be to take such measures as may be deemed ad- 
visable for the early purchase or erection of a building suitable foi 
the purposes of this society. 



Boston, Wednesday, January 6, 1869.— The twenty 'fourth annual meeting was 
held at the rooms of the Society, No. 17 Bromfield street, this afternoon, at three 
o'clock, the President, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. The record of 
the last meeting was read and approved. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., the corresponding secretary i reported that 
eighty members had been added to the society during the past year by written 
acceptance of membership ; seventy-six of whom are resident, and four corresponding 
members. He had received many communications from persons desiring informa- 
tion on historical subjects ; to all of which replies had been sent, in most eases giving 
the needed information. 

Win. \\. Towne, Esq., the treasurer, reported that the receipts of the contingent 
fund, which embraced the admission fees and annual assessments of members, includ- 
ing a small balance brought from last year's account, amounted to £925.50 ; that the 
ordinary expenses of the society had been £.854.28, leaving a balance in the treasury, 
from this source, of §71.22 ; that the funds during the same period had been increased 
$759.40, principally by sums received for life memberships 1 and the income of 
investments belonging to permanent funds, and that the cash assets of the society 
now amounted to £6,120.00. 

The historiographer reported that seventeen members of the society had died dur- 
ing the year ; necrologieal sketches of thirteen of them had been read at the meet- 
ings, and three others were prepared. Two of the deceased members were vice-presi- 
dents of the society, and others were gentlemen of distinction in their spheres of life. 
Mr. William. 15. Trask, late historiographer, has read several biographical sketches of 
deceased members during the year ; one hundred and twenty-one of those prepared 
by him have been printed in the Register, and fifteen others are partially prepared 
and will probably be printed during the present year, in pursuance of the plan of the 
society to publish biographical notices of all deceased members. 

John 11. !5heppard, Esq., the librarian, reported that the whole number of books 
received by gift since the last annual meeting, is 297. The number purchased dur- 
ing the year is 53. The number of bound books belonging to the society at the 
beginning of this period was 7,657. The whole number in the library at this time is 
8,007 volumes. The number of pamphlets reported January 1, 1808, was 23,732. 
The number received since that period is 1,173. The whole number now in the 
library is 2-1,905. Several manuscripts, photographs and valuable newspapers have 
been received during the year. 

_ Mr. Sheppard made some appropriate remarks on retiring from the office of libra- 
rian, which he had held since 1861, being a period of eight years. The library had 
been kept open earlier and later than the regulations required. lie spoke also of 
the need of more room and better conveniences for the arrangement of the books, 
and of the pamphlets, which are in a great degree laid aside in bundles and masses. 
He desired to express his grateful sense of the kindness he had experienced from 

1 The payment of thirty dollar- by himsp 

'or others will constitute any resident or correspond- 
ing member of the society a life member thereof, and 
ail the rights of a resident member during lite. 
For admission to the society the candidate must be recommended by a member in writing, be 

outers win constitute any resiuent or correspond 
of, and entitle him, without further expenses, to 

. .,. ........ -.-.on to the Society tile Ciimmiun-uiusii 

approved by the board of Directors, and voted in a- a member at a regular n.. . 

The tVe> for matriculation is three doiiars. Resident membership requires the payment 
annually of two dollars. 


the members of rhe society, and of the endearing friendships lie had Horn 
memory of which in the future, wherever his lot might be cast, would h 
oasis in the desert of life. 

On motion of Dr. Winslow Lewis, it was 

R, solved, — That the thanks of tin's society are hereby tendered to John II. S! 
pard, Esq., for his faithful services as librarian of this society for a period oi 
years, and the assurance of our best wishes for ids future health and happine.-., 
we furthermore express our cordial hope, that he will still favor us with his v. , 
able presence and valuable services. 

Resolved, — That in consideration of his valuable services he be invited to u-< 
desk in the library, so long as lie may be pleased to do so. 

Mr. William R. Deane, chairman of the committee on " Papers and h- 
reported, that on 

Jan. 1, 1S68.— The President, the lion. Marshall P. "Wilder, addressed the soci« ? . 
on its " present needs and future work." 

Feb. 5. — The Rev. Calvin E. Stowe, D.D., of Hartford, Ct., read an interest!: . 
and learned paper on the " Talmud,'' 

March 4. — The Rev. James If. Means, of Dorchester, read a valuable paper cut il 1 
the " First Home Missionary Society." 

April 1. — The Rev. John A. Vinton, of Boston, read an essay on-the " Rev. John 
Wheelwright and his times." 

May 6.— The Rev. Benjamin F. DeCosta, of New-York, read a critical, histori 
paper on " Ticonderoga." 

July 1. — The Rev. F. W T . Holland, of Rutland, Yt., read an interesting paper 
the "Rutland Insurrection." 

Sept. 2. — The Rev. John A. Vinton, of this city, read a valuable paper on : ; 
" Authenticity of the Wheelwright deed of 1029." 

Oct. 7. — The Rev. Dr. Cornell, of this city, read " Notes on the Character of Mr. 
Matthew Newkirk, of Philadelphia," a deceased member of this society. 

Nov. 4. — John H. Sheppard, Esq., the librarian, rend an interesting paper on hi 
''recent visit to localities of historical interest in England." 

Dec. 2. — The Rev. William Chauncy Fowler, LCD., of Durham, Conn., read a 
valuable and instructive paper on " Local law in Connecticut historically con i- 

Several of the foregoing papers have been printed, and others will be published. 

Mr. John Ward Dean, chairman of the publishing committee, reported that the 
twenty-second volume of the Historical and Genealogical Register 1 had been complete ! 
since his last report was made, and that one number of the twenty-third volume I 
been issued. Col. Albert II. Iloyt, a member of the publishing committer, hi: 
edited the last and will edit the current volume. He has performed his te. 
with great ability, and has devoted much labor to its performance. 

The Register has been found a valuable auxiliary to the society in its endeavors to 
"collect, preserve and disseminate the local and general history of New-England 
families;" and to "rescue from oblivion the decaying records" of our country. 
Every day makes more apparent the importance of a publication, like this, to glean 
in the neglected fields of historical research. It has been well said by a member of 
this society that, " History is made up of the deeds of individuals, and sometimes 
the best insight into the motives and consequences of those deeds is gained from the 
humblest narratives." 

Some accessions have been made to the subscription list, during the year, chiefly 
through the eilbrts of the committee appointed last winter and of the members i^t the 
Register Club who have been active in presenting its claims to persons of antiquarian 
tastes, yet the list is still small ; and the publication would entail a heavy expense 
upon the society if the editor and treasurer did not contribute their services gratui- 
tously. The latter gentleman has made a careful estimate of the cost of the edition 
printed, and has ascertained that if those concerned in the publication of the Regis! 
were adequately paid for services now rendered gratuitously, each volume would 
cost more than double the price now charged to its subscribers. His estimate doe- 
not include the labor oi" contributors who communicate articles to the work, allot 

1 Tin: Xr.w-F.Nei.Axn IIistoiucal and Gknkai.ocjioal Ekoistkk is published quarterly 
at the rooms of the society, 1? lironilield street. Kadi number is embellished with one or mon 
6tei»l jiori raits, ami contains '.v. paijes, svo. ; making a veto ly \ olume of nearly -lew pases, l-'arh 
volume contains a carefully prepared index. Sub-eri'ption, $:J.(X> per year. Those wiio wish to 
encourage the work, will pl'eu?e address William it. Towne, lisq., Treasurer, 


h are furnished "without compensation, and many of which are the result of 

* of research. 
i'l.e other publications of the society (luring the past year have been the annual 
* of the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, and the commemorative ad- 
.'- of the Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., on the late Hon. John A. Andrew, who died 
;,. holding the office of president of this society. Both addresses have been 
lilv commended. That ot Col. Wilder has been distributed in pamphlet form to 
: , 'life and resident member, and has also been printed in the Register. The ad- 
-"- of the Kev. Mr. Nason was printed, by subscription, in the same elegant style 
w iiieh the Shakspcare Tercentenary and the Eulogy on Everett appeared. It is a 
•:'iv tribute to the memory of one whom nut only our society, but our nation, 

Hon. George "W. Messinger, in behalf of the trustees of the Towne Memorial fund, 
», ;>oned that the income has accumulated during the past year, and that the fund 

• V amounts to Sl,4~3.s>2. This fund was originally a gift of £1000, from Mr. 
, . 11. \). Towne, the treasurer, which sum was to be placed in the hands of trustees, 

: ., principal and the interest to be kept separate and apart from the other receipts 
• the society, and the income to be devoted to the publication of a memorial volume 
: deceased members whenever the society should deem it expedient. 
Mr. Frederic Kidder, one- of the trustees of the Bond fund, reported that there 
>• - on hand .$228.58, derived from the sale of Bond's History of "Watertown. 1 

Mr. Towne, the chairman of the trustees of the Barstow fund, reported that 382 

\ lames had been bound from the income of this fund during the past year, leaving 

£75.96 of the income unexpended. This fund consists of 8 1000, given to the society 

. i 1SG2-3 by the late John Barstow, Esq., of Providence, R. I., then a vice-president 

, .'the society for that State, the income of which is devoted to the binding of books. 

C. >Y. Tuttlc, Esq., chairman of the committee appointed at the last annual 

eting of this society to devise measures for extending the circulation of the Regis- 

. reported that, in the opinion of the committee, the most feasible plan for 

■ iring a wider circulation, as well as a more permanent one, is to cause the Regis- 

t r to be taken by all the members of the society; and that the committee recoin- 

: end that all members of this society be requested to subscribe for the Register ; 

j at the annual assessment on members hereafter elected, be live dollars, and that 

- ;eh new members be entitled to the Register. 

William IT. Whitmore, A.M., chairman of the standing committee on heraldry, 

lied that, during the past year, various matters have been referred to it by the 

mmittee of publication, whieh have been carefully considered. It lias been 

•' iught advisable to keep the Register free from all erroneous or doubtful claims to 

ts-of-arms, so far as the editorial responsibility extended: and hence this com- 

ttee has been invited to examine the engravings and descriptions before they were 

ibhshed. It is with pleasure that we add that our genealogists are much more 

n fill in claiming coats-of-arms fur American families than heretofore. 

During 1SG8, as for three years previously, the committee lias published the 

tfc Journal, and has thus contributed to the purposes of the society. Owing 

the pressure of other duties the members of the committee are now obliged to 

■ase publishing this Journal, but if the standing committee be continued, oppor- 

■ l'ies will doubtless be found to print communications in the Register. 

During the past year, also, the subject of American heraldry has been brought 

fore Congress, by a proposition to tax all use of coats-of-arms. Feeling that tax- 

• '-. >n was in a measure' a recognition of such arms, one member of this committee 
-"epared a statement in which' it was urged that no hasty legislation should take 

i - tee. This document has been circulated in pamphlet form, and it has also been 

1 This fund consists of the proceeds from the sale of Bond's Genealogies and TTistory of Water- 

' i, the balance of the edition of which, in sheets, was bequeathed bV the author to the Society 

'tiih r, xiii. •.'74; xiv. 1—:!: and cover Oct. 1SJ59). The money received from the .-ales is to he 

•• -tea, and the income used for the purchase of local histories and genealogies. The book is a 

'-. octavo, of low closely printed pages, with portraits and maps. Besides the historical mat- 

: '■ which i- interesting and valuable, there are genealogies of a great number of families. The 

••'Wing are some of the larger genealogies: Allen. Barnard, I'.emis, Bigelow, P.riseoe, Bond, 

'■••man, Bovlston, Bridge, Browne, Chester, Child, Coolidge (Wicglesworth), Cutler, Cutting, 

■ *. Lasterbrook, Eddy, Eyre, 1-Mske. Flagg, fuller, Goddard, Collision?, Cove, llagar, Hani- 

!, Harrington, Harris, Hastings', Hoar, Hubbard, Hyde, Jenuison, Jones, Kimball, Law- 

• Learned, Li verm ore, Mason, .Vlixter, Morse, Xoreross, Oldham, l'ark, Barkhurst, Pcirce, 

(White, Abbott, Jewett, Spooner, Tillinghast, Quincy. appendices to Phillips), Salton- 

Nmderson, Sanger, Sherman, Smith, Spring, Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Bellows, Johnson, 

srton, Sparhawk, Newcomb, Pratt), Stone, St rat ton, Tarbeil, Thornton, Uphara, Warren, 

" ^gton, "White, Whitiuore, Whitney, Whittemore, Woodward and Wyman, 


reprinted in the Register. It seems by no means clear, that our Government ! 
b.-t interfere in regard to the use of coat-armor, but certainly it ought n«>t to • ■. 
it.- sanation, to an indiscriminate appropriation of English coats-of-arms. 

In closing this brief report, the committee would state that the subject of Amerii 
j . rv 'ins attracted considerable attention in England. The recent \vork> 
heraldrv j such as Boutell's and Cussans', have conceded that our rules arc v 
fannied, and our proofs of authenticity satisfactory. To those who rcrnen 
t>ne of English critics, up to a recent date, this recognition will be an evidence 
the strength of our case. Believing that a careful examination of early example . 
the use of coat-armor in New-England will prove of the greatest service tu : 
genealogist, we would urge the members of the society to send us information . 
all the armorial seals, inscriptions or paintings, which they may see. 

The Kev. Edmund F. Shifter, A.M., chairman of the nominating committee, re- 
ported a list of candidates for officers the ensuing year, all of whom were unani- 
mously elected. 1 

On the announcement of the re-election of the President, he proceeded to delivi 
the address which is printed in the preceding pages. At its close the llev. Edmund 
F. Shifter offered the following resolution. 

Resolved, — That a committee be appointed to consist of eleven members, of which tl ■ 
President of this Society shall be the chairman, to be denominated the building com- 
mittee, whose duty it shall be to take immediate measures for procuring the mi 
and for the purchase or erection of a building suited to our present and prospective 
wants, with power to fill vacancies and to add to their number, if at any time t u : 
glial! deem it expedient, and report their doings to this Society. 

This committee consisted of the Hon. "Marshall P. Wilder, the Hon. George D. 
Upton, Winslow Lewis, M.D., Gen. Wm. Sutton, M. Penman Ross, Esq., CharL - 
0. Whitmore, Esq., Wm. B. Towne, Esq., Nathaniel Whiting, Esq., the Hon. Ed- 
ward S. Tobey, the Hon. George C. Bichardson, and the Hon. Otis Norcross. 

A vote of thanks was then tendered to the President for his valuable address, a 
o copy was requested for publication. It was also voted that the proceedings 
this meeting be published, with the address, in pamphlet form, and a copy thercui 
furnished to the members of this Society. Wm. B. Towne, Esq., Col. A. 11. Ho. : . 
Frederic Deane Allen, Alvah A. Barrage, and Robert M. Bailey, Esqrs., were ap- 
pointed a committee to carry into effect this vote. 

The society then took up the report of the committee on the proposed changes in 
the Constitution, but on motion of the Rev. Mr. Shifter, the further consideration of 
the same was postponed to January 20th, inst., at 3 o'clock, P.M., to which time 
the meeting was then adjourned. 

1 Besides the directors in the list of officers on the last page of this number, the board con - : I 
of the following directors ex-orllcio .■ namelv, the president (Hon. Marshal! P. Wilder, of Dor- 
chester), the past presidents (Rev. Joseph B. Felt, L.L.D., of Salem, lion. William Whiting, A.M., 
of Koxburv, Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of Boston, Col. Almon D.Hodges, of Roxbury, and Winslow 
Lewis, A.M., M.D., of Boston), the secretaries (Kev. Edmund F. 8 latter., A.M., and Edward s. 
Band, Jr., A.M., both of Boston), the treasnrer(William B. Towne, of Brookliue),the historiogra- 
pher (Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Waltham), the librarian (Mr. W r illiam J. Foley, of Boston), '' ! 
chairmen of the several standing committees (.John Ward Dean, of Boston, Henry Edwards, 
Esi|., of Boston, Jeremiah Colburu, Esq., of Boston, Mr. William Reed Deane, of Brookline, a:. ! 
William 11. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston). 


•Benjamin Vinton French, Braintree. 


Edmund Bachelder Dearborn, Boston. 

William Blake Trask, Dorchester. 

Thomas Bellows Wynian, Jr., Charlestown. 


John Ward Dean, 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, 


Isaac Child, 

lion. George W. Messinger, 

William Blanchard Towne, 






♦Hon. Calvin Fletcher, Indianapolis, Lid. 


•Nathaniel Chauncey,A.M. PhiIadelpMa,Pa. 
Edward FranklinEverett,A.M.,C/iarfcs^)to?i. 
Samuel T. Parker, South Reading. 


*Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D., Boston. 
William Appleton, Boston. 

Hon. John Israel Baker, Beverly. 

William Emerson Baker, Boston. 

*Hon. Samuel Dana Bell, LL.D., 

Manchester, N.II. 
George Baty Blake, Brookline. 

George D. B. Blanchard, Maiden. 

John Merrill Bradbury, Boston. 

Jonathan Brown Bright, Waltham. 

Charles Chauncy Burr, • Newton. 

Alvah Augustus Burrage, Boston. 

John "Wilson Candler, Brookline, 

•Thomas Chadbourne, M.D., Concord, N.II. 
John dimming?, Jr. Woburn. 

William Heed Deane, Brookline. 

Abner Cheney Goodcll, Jr., A.M., Salem. 
William Whitwell Greeriough, A.B., Boston. 







., AM., 








Hon. Charles Bin-ley. 71 
Wellington La Garonn Hunt, 
Martin M. Kellogg, 
Frederic Kidder, 
John H.Kimball, 
Amos Adams Lawrence. A.M., 
Winslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., 
Hon. Frederic Walker Lincoln, Jr 
Hugh Montgomery, 
James Bead, 

Hon. George C. Richardson, 
John Wingate Thornton, A.M., 
Hon. George Bruce Upton, 
Rev. John Adams Vinton, A.M., 
John Wright Warren, M.D., 
Kchemiah Washburn, 

Henry Austin Whitney, A.M., Boston. 

Hon. Marshall Piukney Wilder, Dorchester. 
Hon. Moses Thompson Willard, M.D., 

Concord, N. H. 


Ebenczer Alden, A.M., M.D., Randolph. 
William Summer Appleton, A.M., Boston. 
Henry B. Humphrey, Thomaston, Me. 

Manning Leonard, ' Soiithbridge. 

Joel Munsell, Albany, .V.'}'. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, Boston. 

Andrew Henshaw Ward, Newton. 


Jeremiah Colburn, Boston. 

♦George J. Fiske, Boston. 

Rev. Richard Manning Hodges, Cambridge. 
Samuel Holden Parsons, Middlctown, CI. 
Edward Sprague Rand, A.M., Boston. 

Thomas Spooner, Reading, Ohio. 

Elbridge Wason, Brookline. 

Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., Chicago, III. 
Edward C.Wilson, Brookline. 


James Madison Bcebe, Boston. 

George Chandler, M.D., Worcester. 

Peter Hobart, Jr., Boston. 
Rev. Thos. R. Lambert, D.D., Charlestown, 

John Hannibal Sheppard, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. Edmund F. Skitter, A.M., Boston. 

lion. Ginery Twichell, Brookline. 

John Gardner White, A.M., Boston. 


Lcdvard Bill, New York. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A.M., Boston. 
Lev. Jas. Howard Means, A.M., Dorchester. 
Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., Billerica. 


Hon. Alexander H. Bullock, LL.D., 


Jonathan French, Boston. 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston. 

Joseph Harrison Ward, Boston. 

Nathaniel Whiting, Watcrtown. 

\ Charles 0. Whitmore, Boston. 

\ Hon. Otis Norcross, Boston. 

! David Parsons Holton, M.D., New York. 
j Samuel Hidden Wentworth, A.M., Boston. 

Henry Truman Beckwith, Providence, R.I. 
j Albert Harrison Iloyt, A.M., Boston. 

j John Greenlcaf Whittier, A.M., Amesbury. 
I Edward P. Burnham, Saco, Me. 

j *Gco. Wolff Fahnestock, Philadelphia, Pa. 
j John Parker Towne, A.B., Edgerton, Wis. 
j Hon. Alvah Crocker, Fitchburg. 

: Hon. Win. A. Buckingham, Norwich, Ct. 
| Rev. Pliny H. White," Coventry, Yt. 




-' rm 

Hon. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Dorchester. 


New- Hampshire, 


District of Columbia. 
New- Jersey. 


Hon. George B. Ufton, of Boston. 
Hon. Israel Washburn', Jr., Portland. 
Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of Concord. 
Hon. Hampden Cutis, A.M., of Brattleboro*. 
Hon. Jon.v R. Bartlett, of Providence. 
Hon. William A. Buckingham, of Norwich. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo. 
Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago. 
Rt. Rev. Henry W. Leo, D.D., LL.D.. of Dave 
Hon. Increase A. Laphara, LL.D., of Mi' vaukee. 
Hon. George P. Fisher, of Washington. 
S.. Alofsen, Esq., of Jersey City. 
Hon. John II. 13. Latrobe, of Baltimore. 
William Duane, Esq.. of Philadelphia. 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., of St. Louis. 
Rev. Joseph F. Tattle, D.D., of Crawfordsville. 
Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston. 

Recording Secretary. 

Edward Sfrague Rand, Jr., A.M., of Boston. 


William B. Towne, Esq., of Brookline. 

Assistant Treasurer. 

Mr. Harry H. Edes, of Charlestown. 

Hi storiographer. 

Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Waltham. 


Mr. William J. Foley, of Boston. 

Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston. 
Mr. John M. Bradbury, of Boston. 
Charles W. Tuttlc, A.M., of Boston. 
Mr. William B. Trask, of Dorchester. 
Col. Albeit Ii. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Fund and the Cush- 

man Genealogical Fund. 
Col, Almon D. Hodges, of Roxbury. 
Mr. Frederic Kidder, of Boston. 
Mr. Thomas Waterman, of Boston. 

Trustees of the Barstow Fund and the 

Towne Memorial Fund. 
William B. Towne, Esq., of Brookline. 
Col. Almon J). Hodges, of Roxbury. 
Hon. Charles B. Hail, of Boston. 

Committer on Lectures and Essays. 
Mr.William Reed Dcane, of Brookline. 
Rev. W. Gilbert, A.M.. of Longwood. 
Hun. Chas. Hudson, A.M., of Lexington. 
Capt. G. JL Preble, U.S.N. Charles town. 

Publishing Committee. 
Air. John Ward Dean, of Boston. 
William II. Whitmore, A.M., of B iston. 
William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 
William B. Towne, Esq.. of Brookline. 
Col. Albert 11. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston. 

Committee on Finance. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., of Boston. 
Hon. George W. Messimier, of Boston. 
Hon. Charles B. Hall, of Boston. 
Geo. Wm. Bond, Esq., of W. Roxbury 

Committee on the Library. 
Jeremiah Colburn, Esq., of Boston. 
Mr. John K. Wiggin, of Boston. 
Mr. Deloraine P. Corey, of B >ston. 
Mr. Charles S. Fellows, of Bast >n. 

Committee on Heraldry. 
William II. Whitmore, A.M.. of Boston 
Aimer C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem. 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., of B iston. 
William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston. 


. . . • 


- r OF TJ 

I oftiein, ; 

;. MEhTIXG, JASUAliY 5, 1870, 

.<■'■■'i aj:; 





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Hcitt-(£ncfhnb Jptstcrrir, (Genealogical J?qx'u% 








18 7 0. 


Gentlemen of the Soctety- 

I tender you my heart-felt thanks for this renewed expression of your 
esteem. I would gladly be relieved from further official duty, but I feel 
bound by a sense of gratitude as well as of obligation lo conform to your 
wishes, and will therefore accept the honor conferred. While I make these 
acknowledgments, 1 frankly confess that I accept of this appointment for 
the special object of carrying out the intention of this society, to secure 
f»r itself a building with suitable accommodations, and in some measure 
commensurate with the importance of its objects and designs. 

The committee charged with the duty of reporting on a suitable location 
and of raising funds for the accomplishment of the same, have had the sub- 
ject continually in mind, and in their behalf I beg to state that we have 
confident hopes that both may be realized the present year. 

Before entering on any extended remarks, I desire to call your attention 
to the excellent arrangement and condition of the library, under the efficient 
care of our diligent librarian. By the reports which have just been 
submitted, it appears that we now have eight thousand three hundred 
books, and twenty-six thousand pamphlets, many of which are of the 
most valuable character. These are increasing rapidly, and even at the 
present time constitute a library in the Historical, Genealogical department 
unsurpassed by any other in our country. To preserve these, to provide 
room for further acquisitions, and for t]m accommodation of our large and con- 
stantly increasing number of members, is the imperative duty of the society. 
Our attention has so often been called to this subject that it may seem 
superfluous to allude to it again. But the time has come when in my jucV- 
inent no further delay can be sanctioned. The time has arrived when abso- 


!u:< necessity, public sentiment and personal obligations, demand tliat i 
ivurk he done, and that it bo done quickly. 

Mv own observations, gentlemen, during the past year, as well a.- i 
reports which have been made to-day, suggest the great obligation w< 
tinder to the directors, and other officers, for the sound judgment ;; 
watchful care with which they have administered the affairs of the so '• 
and especially its financial department. The policy of limiting our expen- 
tu res, whatever may be our wants, strictly and firmly to our current inc 
cannot be too highly commended. This I believe to be sound, both 
principle and practice, and I trust we shall never depart from it at an 
future period. 

I desire also to express our grateful acknowledgments to the Editor - 
the New-England Historical axd Genealogical Register, and li- 
able corps of assistants, and to the contributors to that invaluable magazii« . 
And, here, I would also state, that all the labor connected with this publica- 
tion, both editorial and financial, is done without any pecuniary emolument ; 
and when I assure you that, three thousand dollars a year would be an in- 
adequate remuneration for the gratuitous service which a few members <>: 
the .society are giving to this work, you will agree with me in the high appre- 
ciation of their praiseworthy labors. These gentlemen are making thi* 
sacrifiee, for the simple purpose of embalming, for all time, historical main ;• 
which has never before been in print, and which, if not rescued, must soon 
perish under the corroding tooth of time. J am sure, therefore, you will 
not think I am asking too much, in requesting all of my fellow associate- to 
aid these gentlemen by becoming subscribers, if you are not already such. 
to this exceedingly valuable and important work. It is the organ of this 
society, and will bring to your tire-sides, four times in the year, the monthly 
proceedings of the society, and historical information relating to New- 
England, which can be obtained from no other source. Let every member, 
then, become responsible for a copy, either for himself or for some public 
library, where this magazine ought to be, and thus render essential aid to 
this important department at a small personal sacrifice on his own behalf. 

Gentlemen, the world moves on, and we must move with it. Perpetual 
change, perpetual improvement, is the battle-cry of our age, and he who is 
not ready to move forward with it, will surely be left by the wayside. On:; 
age is alike distinguished for its remarkable activity, its startling enterprise, 
its noble achievements. In all that pertains to intelligence in art, science, 

A D D R E S S 

and literature — in everything which pertains to the comfort, happiness and 
culture of the human family, the present is infinitely superior to any or all 
that have preceded it. Never before have we enjoyed such privileges for 
the acquisition and diffusion of knowledge. "We seem to have come forth from 
the relative obscurity of the darker ages, and to have arisen with the dawn 
of a brighter and more glorious day. We begin to see where we are, to 
comprehend what we are doing, and to anticipate in some measure the 
destiny which awaits this grand triumphal march of christian civilization. 
Could those who have gone before us have seen what our eyes have been 
permitted to behold ; could they have traced, as we now do, this onward 
advance to the benign influences of their early examples ; could they have 
witnessed, as we have done, these remarkable results, this advancement to 
higher and higher degrees of excellence, how would their hearts have 
rejoiced hi view of this continual approach towards the utmost boundary of 
human attainment. 

It has been said of late that the industrial, commercial and other great 
interests of New-England are on the decline; that her political position 
in the community of states, must hereafter be of a secondary character. 
AA e are not among those who are willing to believe in this decadence of her 
prosperity or of the influence of her institutions. AA T e believe in the blessings 
which flow from well-directed industry, the supremacy of the laws, and the 
benign results of civilization, virtue and truth. New-England men are too 
often charged with extolling her importance and merit?; but while we would 
acknowledge the rising greatness of our western and other states, empires 
though they may be, still we would be just to ourselves in sustaining her 
honor, and perpetuating the virtues of her sons. How has she encouraged 
and fostered every effort for the spread of the gospel — for the diffusion of 
knowledge — for the extension of human freedom — for the support of con- 
stitutional authority — for the progress of internal improvements and the 
development of national resources. How has she sent her sous, as pioneers 
to colonize by her enterprise, to utilize by her industry, to enrich by her 
wealth, and to build up by her example new states for the diffusion of the 
piety, patriotism and principles of her fathers — and so, in the future as in 
the past, wherever their feet shall be planted, however dense the forest, 
however distant the shore, there her churches, school-houses and benevolent 
institutions shall rise, the blessed harbingers of future good. But whatever 
rank may be assigned by Providence to New-England in the future, in 


fi ADD R ESS. 

ilie calendar of states, her name will forever be cherished by ■_■ • 
millions for the good she has already done. The lustre of her ren 
never be tarnished. The light of her example can never be darkened. ■ 
the language of her great expounder, " The past is at least secuiu .'* 

Whenever I reflect on what New-England lias done for the world, w). 
she has done for the cause of education, religion, eivH polity, and for 
amelioration of the ills that flesh is heir to, the blood courses more fired \ 
my veins, and my heart rises in gratitude to the Giver of all good, that ! 
permitted me here to be born — here to live. Here let me die.' 

Trace for a moment some of the incidents of her history. Look at X< 
England, presenting examples of genius, enterprise and benevolence uu 
passed in the annals of the world. 

A\ no was it that drew the lightning from the fiery cloud and held it i . 
his hand ! 

AVho was it that laid the mystic wire dry shod, from continent to coi ii- 
nent, in the almost fathomless abyss of the mighty deep ! 

AVho was it that taught the electric spark, with tongue of fire and quirk 
as thought, to speak all the languages of the globe! 

AVho was it that brought the heaven-born messenger, Lethean-sleep, to 
assuage all human suffering, and to blot from memory the cruel operations 
of the surgeon's knife ! 

AVho planted the first free school on this continent, if not the first free 
school in the world — the free school, that tree of knowledge, whose fruits 
are freedom of thought, freedom of speech, freedom of worship — that tree 
whose leaves are, literally, for the healing of the nations ! 

AVhose sign manual appears at the head of the signers of that immortal 
Declaration of American Independence — who were they that fell where 
yonder column rises — and who were the volunteers that rushed first to the 


defence of the Capitol in the late fearful crisis ! 

AVho were the men who conceived the idea, and laid the plan for the 
greatest missionary enterprise on our western shores: going forth with the. 
ensign of the cross in one hand, and the flag of our nation in the other, to 
the distant islands of the sea! 

AVho were the men on this hemisphere, that first stood forth, as the almo- 
ners of human freedom and equal rights, boldly declaring, with their li ve- 
in their hands, like Paul on Mars Hill, that God "made of one blood all 
the nations of men " ! 

A D D 11 E S S . 

By whose bold adventure, untiring energy, and wonderful despatch, was 
our western continent spanned by the iron tracks of tin,' Pacific road ! 

And who is he, that has been so lately honored with princely burial at 
Westminster Abbey among sovereigns and illustrious men, and whose 
remains, by order of her majesty the queen of Great Britain, are now 
under royal convoy to his native land, in testimony of his noble benefac- 
tions to mankind ! Were not these New-England men ? Were not these 
— all these beneficent acts and achievements — the result of New-England 
mind, New-England culture, New-England genius? 

It is our duty to treasure up these events and incidents, and to trans- 
mit them to future generations. It is these which have elevated our insti- 
tutions as shining lights — whose beneficent rays have penetrated the dark- 
est recesses of the earth — and whose golden record shall gleam with 
brighter and brighter effulgence, on the historic page. 

But while we rejoice in this record, we cannot but deplore the loss of 
much valuable history in the past. How much is lost every day, which 

" like the snow-falls in the river, 

A moment white — then melts forever." 

How many men of worth in the ranks of merchants, artizans, and the 
various departments of industrial and professional life have passed from the 
stage of action, to whom the city of Boston is indebted for the eminence 
and prosperity to which she has attained, and of whom, so far as history is 
concerned, no record on its page has ever been made. It is the purpose of 
our Society not only to preserve the history of the illustrious men and 
deeds of New-England, but to make a record of the lives and services of 
all her sons who have in their vocation been instrumental in promoting 
the welfare of mankind. 

History is the great source from which we derive instruction and reproof. 
History erects Iter beacon lights to warn the mariner of the rocks and 
quicksands that endanger his voyage — history iloats on the river of life 
seeds of noble deeds and virtuous example, which shall germinate on its 
banks, producing glorious harvests down the long line of its shores to the 
ocean of eternity. And how grateful the reflection that the principles which 
have made us what Ave are, must ever control the destiny and happiness not 
only of our own republic, but of all free republics. Let us then treasure 
up these precious memorials of our fathers, that the virtues of the great 
and good may be wielded for the benefit of our children and our children's 

g ADD 11 E S S . 

children — and thus let us hold up the mirror to each succeeding age, thn.i 

:t!l recorded time. 

" Lives of great men all remind us, 
"VYe can make our lives sublime, 
And, departing, leave behind us 
Footprints on the sands of time." 

Let therefore no particle of valuable history be lo p *. The grains • f 
Band make the mountain. The incidents of history pile up those hA'\ 
pyramids of thought and example, from whence the historian, with telesco] i 
eve, circles not only round the broad horizon of the present, but stretch • 
with iar reaching glance back over the misty landscape of the past — 

" Sees the world as one vast plain, 
And one boundless reach of sky." 



The society held its annual meeting at its roorns, 17 Bronifield Street, Wednesday, 
January 5, 1870, at three o'clock, P.M. ; the president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, 
in the chair. 

The records were read and approved, and then the society proceeded to the trans- 
action of the business of the monthly meeting. 

The board of directors recommended and the society elected 17 resident members. 

Tiie librarian, Mr. William J. Foley, announced that the donations received since 
the meeting in December amounted to 167 bound volumes, and 187 pamphlets ; and 
that he had also received a package of papers, letters and documents connected with 
the family of Lougier de Tassy. These MSS. were presented by Mr. Isaac Pitman, 
of Soinerville, Mass. Of the volumes presented, 102 were the gift of Mr. John II. 

The corresponding secretary, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., reported that 
during the last month he had received letters accepting membership from the follow- 
ing named gentlemen, viz. : — The Rev. James Pillsbury Lane, of Andover ; the Rev. 
John Gree'nleaf Adams, of Lowell ; William Mason Cornell, LL.D., of Boston ; the 
Hon. Roger Avcrill, of Danbury, Ct. ; J. L. Newton, Esq., of Boston ; Joseph L. 
Bates, M.D., of AYorcester; the Rev. Samuel R. Slack, of Boston ; N. B. Chamber- 
lain, Esq., of Boston ; and Sidney C. Bancroft, Esq., of Peabody. 

The historiographer, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., read biographical sketches of 
Mr. Nathaniel W. Coffin, and Johnson Gardner, M.D., lately deceased members. 

The business of the annual meeting was then taken up. 

The librarian reported that the number of bound volumes received since the last 

annual meeting, January Oth; 1S09, is 317 

To which add the number of volumes on hand as per last annual report, 8007 

Total volumes, 8,32-1 

The number of pamphlets on hand January, 1869, was - 21,905 

Received since that time, __-_-___ 1,170 

Total pamphlets, 20,075 

Several files of newspapers have come into possession of the society during the 
year by gift. Among these may be named "The Boston Daily Advertiser" from 
June, 1806, to March, 1809, inclusive, and "The Daily Evening Transcript" for 
180G, 1807 and 1808, lor which valuable present we are indebted to our highly re- 
spected associate, Mr. Waterman. Six photographs, all of them fine specimens of 

qp i 



ihat art with medallion portraits in bronze, of General Washington and Ex-G 
An hvw , now serve to adorn the library. As heretofore reported, the portraits 
proented tu the society by Messrs. J. Otis Wetherbee and W. A. Brigham, of 1! -- 
ton. One of the photographs was the gift of the late Dr. S. I). Townsend, , 
gives? :i view of t; Boylston and Treinoni streets, Boston, as they appeared in 18(10, '' 
the original of whicli was drawn from the recollection of Dr. T. in 1805-0. 'J'j„ 
other photographs bring clearly before ns the old homestead of Major- General An- - 
mas Ward and the old tavern stand of Capt. Levi Pease, both situated in Shrews- 
bury, Mass. ; the old homestead of the late Capt. Clap, Willow court, Dorchester, 
Mass. ; also that of the Rev. Peter Whitney, of North borough, Mass., the histori 
of the county of Worcester, presented by Mr. \V. A. Brigham. To Mr. Samuel 
C. Clarke, the society is indebted lor the gift of a charming photographic picture 
of the " House built by William Curtis 1033-9, and still standing near the Boy Is ton 
station on the Boston & Providence Railroad, in the occupation of Isaac Curtis, his 
lineal descendant in the seventh generation.' 1 

Books and pamphlets have been received from the following named societies ail 
individuals, during 18G ( J : — 

Society of Antiquaries, London, 

State Historical Society of Iowa, 

City of Boston, 

Town of Dorchester, 

Minnesota Historical Society, 

American Antiquarian Society, 

State of Massachusetts, 

Massachusetts Society for the Prevention 

of Cruelly to Animals, 
Trustees of Boston Public library, 
Essex Institute, 
City of Chelsea, 

Corporation of Harvard University, 
Town of Woburn, 
Town of Melrose, 
Maine Historical Society, 
Government of Nova Scotia, 
Massachusetts Historical Society, 
State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 
Department of Agriculture, 
Trustees of Dr. Williams's Library, London 
Rhode Island Historical Society, 
Middlebury, Vt. Historical Society, 
Smithsonian Institution, 
New- Hampshire Historical Society, 
New-Jersey Historical Society, 
The Franklin Society, Chicago, 
Boston Society of Natural History, 
Free Public Library of Worcester, 
Long Island Historical Society, 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
Trustees of Harvard University Medical 

Mr. John B. Newcomb, 
Mr. Lean Dudley, 
J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., 
Samuel G. Drake, A.M., 
Rev. Richard M. Hodges, 
Mr, Alfred Mudge, 
Mr. Win. H. Montague, 
Mr. E. Payson Boon, 
William P'rescott, M.D., 
Mr. D. P. Corev, 

Mr. Robert Clarke, 
Mr. Samuel C. Clarke, 
Messrs. C. E. Keith. 6c Co., 
Mr. George Mountfort, 
Mr. Ledyard Bill, 
Jonathan Tenner, A.M., 
Hon. James Barrett, LL.D., 
Francis K. Brown, M.D., 
James P. Andrews, M.D., 
Mr. Harlow E. Woodward, 
Mr. Geo. S. Lewis, 
Asa Millett, M.D., 
Mr. James F. Hunnewell, 
Mr. Lemuel Pope, 
Frederic De Peyster, LL.D., 
Charles P. Chapman, Esq., 
Mr. Samuel Porter, 
John Langdon Sibley, A.M., 
Mr. John Jordan, Jr., 
Gen. Samuel Andrews, 
Benson J. Lossing, Esq. 
Wm. Smith Ellis, Esq., 
Rev. John Lawrence, 
Mr. Franklin B. Dexter, 
Ebenezer A Idem M.D., 
Henry Wheatland, M.D., 
Messrs. David Clapp & Son, 
Hon. G. Washington Warren, 
Messrs. Kurd & Houghton, 
Mr. Joel Munsell, 
Hon. Lucius M. Boltwood. 
Mr. W. T. R. Marvin, 
Rev. F. C. Ewer, D.D., 
Mr. Adam F. Greene, 
Mr. Wm. J. Foley, 
Hon. Solomon Lincoln, 
Miss C. Augusta May, 
Rev. Wm. S. Perry, D.D., 
Rev. Eugene Vetromile, 
Mr. Wm. A. Brigham, 
Wm. Otis Johnson, M.D., 
Hon. Nath'l B. Shurtlcff, 
Mr. Wm. W. Wheildon, 



Rev. Edmund F. Slaftcr, A.M., 

Mr. Henry A. Homes, 

Mrs. Jarcd Sparks, 

Her. Dorus Clarke, D.D., 

Mr. Robert C. Ingraham, 

Mr. Moses F. Fowler, 

Hon. It. C. Winthrop, 

Hon. David Suns, 

Mr. E. A. Simonds, 

Mr. Frederic Kidder, 

Mr. John T. Gilman, 

Mr. Samuel F. McCleary, 

Hon. W. B. Stokes, 

T. B. Wyman, Esq., 

Miss Martha A. Quincy, 

Mr. John II. Dexter, 

Arthur Li verm ore, Esq., 

Mr. J. M. Bancroft, 

Messrs. Gould & Lincoln, 

Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., 

Mr. Nathaniel II. Morgan, 

Mr. John K. Wiggin, 

Mr. Thomas Lang, 

Mr. Win. F. Boole, 

Mr. F. A. II oiden. 

Mr. J. Otis Wetherbee, 

Mr. J. B. Bright, 

Hon. Henry P. Haven, 

Mr. E. II. 'G oss, 

Hon. James I). Green, 

Mr. D. C. Coles worthy, 

Hon. Ginery Twitchell, 

Mr. John G. Locke, 

Hon. J. S. T. Stvanahan, 

Hon- Emory Washburn, 

Mr. Thomas Bradlee, 

Mr. Wm. Parsons Lunt, 

Mr. Francis Bush, Jr., 

George II. Snelling, Esq., 

Mr. Alanson Haw lev, 

Wm. H. Whitmore,'A.M., 

John GouGjh Nichols, F.S.A., 

Mr. John P. Pearson, 

Mrs. Salmon Perry, 

Mr. K. B. Stratford. 

John H. Sheppard, Esq., 

G. A. Somerby, Esq., 

A. T. Goodman, Esq., 

Rev. A. II. Quint, D.D.,. 

Joseph G. E. Larned.Esq., 

Orange Judd, A.M., 

Edward Doubledav Harris, LL.B., 

Col. A. D. Hodges, 

Rev. E. F. Duren, 

Mr. Erastus Worthington, 

Mr. Edmund L Baker, 

Mr. J. E. Trowbridge, 

Hon. Albert Fearing, 

Wm. S. Apple ton, A.M., 

Mr. Justin Winsor, 

Mr. J. F. Souther, 

Mr. Ira B. Peck, 

Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, 

Winslow Lewis, M.D., 
Col. T. W. Higginson, 
Mr. II. D. L. Sweet, 
Mr. Geo. Win. Bond, 
Mr. Elijah T. Fletcher, 
Mr. Elijah 1'. Robinson, 
Mr. Isaac Pitman, 
Mr. F. J. Parker, 
Mr. II. G. Cole, 
Thomas C. Araory, Esq., 
Mr. Amos Otis, 
John T. Wait, Esq., 
Mr. Abbott Lawrence, 
Joseph G. Martin, M.D., 
Samuel Burnham, A.M.., 
Mr. E. N. Leslie, 
Rev. Samuel Cutler, 
Mr. Nathaniel Paine, 
Samuel A. Green, M.D., 
Capt. Chas. A. Ranlett, 
Rev. F. A. Whitney, 

Charles Cowlev, Esq., 

Hon. Hiland Hall, 

George H. Moore, LL.B., 

Mr. Wm. B. Trask, 

Rev. James II. Fitts, 

Hon. E. P. Walton, 

Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M., 

Solomon Townsend, M.D., 

L. K. Haddock, Esq., 

John Ward Dean, A.M., 

Rev. John A. Yinton, A.M., 

Mr. Leonard J. Thomas, 

Mr. Jonathan French, 

Rev. Caleb I). Bradlee, 

Mr. Thomas Waterman, 

Mr. George E. Emery, 

Miss H. A. Bainbridge, 

Col. Albert II. Hoyt, 

Rev. B. F. De Costa, 

Brvt. Maj. Gen. M. C. Meigs, 

Mr. Augustus Parker, 

Mr. Lilley Eaton, 

Mr. H. W. Bryant, 

Mr. Joseph W. Ballard, 

Mr. Samuel II. Congar, 

Mr. Frederick P. Ingalls, 

Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., 

Mr. Wm. R. Dcane, 

Rev. Edwin M. Stone, 

Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N., 

Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., 

Mr. J. E. A. Smith, 

Capt. Wm. F. Goodwin, U.S.A., 

Wm. Endicott, Jr. Esq., 

Mr. Arthur Gilman, 

Mr. James W. Trask, 

Rev. Joseph M. Finotti, 

Maj. Gen. James A. Cunningham, 

Major John Morrisscy, 

Mr. George Coolid^e, 

Col. George II. Johnston, 

Wm. B.Townc, Esq. 

12 P R C E E D I N G S . 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., chairman of the committee on the library, reported : ; • 
t!i<- I* >oks and pamphlets which have been re-bound and repaired, at the expen.-» ; 
the " Barstow Fund," have enabled us to place upon our shelves many vului . • 
which heretofore have not been accessible. 

The historiographer reported that the whole number of the members of the s »c!< i 
whose decease has come to his knowledge within the year 18C9, is 28. Of this i.u:u- 
ber 4 died in the year 1803. 

Names of members of the Society who died in 1SG9, with places and dates oft!,. ;• 
death : — Hon. Thomas Tolinan, Boston, June 20th. John Goodwin Locke, Ksq., I; ..- 
t hi, July 22d. Dr. John Wright Warren, Jamaica Plain, Mass., Jan 4th. Maj. Win 
Rogers, Hyde Park, Mass., Jan. 15th. Rev. John Orr, Melrose. Mass., Jan. 2/ith. 
Hon. Thomas M. Hayes, Boston, Feb. 1st. Joseph Richardson, Esq., Boston, t\ >. 
24th. David Thomas Valentine Esq., New- York city, Feb. 20th. Hon. G< 
Folsora, Rome, Italy, March 27th. Henry James Prentiss, Boston, April -Jv i 
Rev. Pliny H. White, Coventry, Vt., April 24th. Thomas Sherwin, Esq.,Bisr i . 
July 21th. Joshua Stetson, Esq., Boston, July 25th. Prof. Charles Dexter Clew- 
land, Philadelphia, Pa., August 18th. Hon. William Sherman Leland, Bost >n, 
July 20th. Joshua Victor 11. Clark, Onondaga, N. Y., June 18th. Nathaniel \\\ 
Coffin, Esq., Dorchester, Mass., Aug. 26th. Rev. John 1). Sweet, Somerville, Maw., 
Aug. 7th. Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt, LL.D., Salem, Mass., Sept. 8th. G cargo 
Peabodv, LL.I)., London, Eng., Nov. 3d. Rev. Joseph A. Copp, D.D.. Chelsea. 
Mass., Nov. 7th. Johnson Garduer, M.D., Pawtucket, R. I., Dec. 12th. ll.ui. 
Nathaniel G. Upham, LL.D., Concord, N. H., Dec. 11th. Hon. Levi Reed, Li,: 
Abington, Mass. William Winthrop, Esq., .Malta, July 3d. 

lie has prepared or caused to be prepared, and has read before the society, memoirs 
of 18 of its deceased members, also a memoir of Miss Frances Manwaring Caulkins, 
who was not a member of the society. These memoirs will be found in the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

None of the officers of the society have died during the past year. 

Several of the members who have died during the year 1809, were distinguished 
in their different spheres in life, and among them was perhaps the most eminent 
philanthropist who has adorned this or any other age. 

It only remains for the historiographer to tender his sincere thanks to those gen- 
tlemen who have kindly aided him in his work, and especially to Mr. John \V. 
Dean, whose knowledge of the history and membership of the society is eneyclu- 
psediari, and whose attentions have been incessant. 

Mr. William Reed Dcane, chairman of the committee on papers and essays, re- 
ported as follows : — 

Jan. G, 1809. The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, addressed the society 
on its progress, and wants. 

Feb. 3. Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Esq., of Salem, read an elaborate and valuable 
paper " On Psalmody and Hymnody in New-England," including some notices 
of the hymn-writers in Europe during the early period of our history. 

March 3. The president read an interesting paper giving an account of his late 
tour as far south as Jacksonville, Florida ; and the Rev. William Mountford read an 
able and eloquent paper " On Modern Rome and what it suggests to an American."' 

April 7. The Hon. Lorenzo Sabine, of Boston, read a valuable paper " On East- 
port, Me., during the ' Embargo ' and ' Non-Intercourse ' of 1807 to 1815.'' 

May 5. Col. A. D. Dodges, of Boston, read the first part of a paper on the 
4i Dorr Rebellion." 

June 2. The Rev. E. Sumner Atwood, of Salem , read a very carefully prepared paper 
" On the part which the town of Needham took in the revolutionary war ; " and 
the Rev. George E. Day,D.D.. Professor of the Hebrew Language and Biblical The- 
ology in Yale College, addressed the meeting in regard to his visit a few years since 



to Leyden, and the results of his investigations there, in company with the Rev. 
Dr. Dexter, concerning the residence and burial place of the Rev. John Robinson. 

Sept. 1. Col. A. D. Hodges read a second chapter of his entertaining history of 
the "Dorr Rebellion." 

Ocl. 6. Col. A. D. Hodges read the concluding chapter of his paper on the 
" Dorr Rebellion." 

Nov. 3. The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge, read a very amusing and 
.interesting paper giving an account of a trial for witchcraft in Cambridge at an 
early date. 

Dec. 1. Thomas C. Amory, Esq., of Boston, read a very elaborate and interesting- 
paper " On our Old New-England Homes," giving a history an., description of a 
number of the oldest dwellings in New-England. 

Mr. Albert II. Iloyt, in behalf of the committee of publication, reported that since 
the last annual meeting of the society the committee have caused the president's 
address, and the usual reports presented at that time, to be printed in a pamphlet 
form and distributed among the members. 

They have also published the April, July and October numbers of volume 23, and 
the January number of volume 24, of the New-England Historical and Genealogical 
Register. 1 

This periodical continues to be consulted by a large class of students by whom it 
is now pri/.ed, as it has been from the first, as a convenient medium for the preserva- 
tion and distribution of interesting and valuable historical records. Next to our 
library, in its importance to the society, stands the Register, and it is ^fc to affirm 
that it has afforded such aid to multitudes of investigators of our early history as 
they could not have obtained, otherwise, without the expenditure of much time, 
patience, labor and money. 

The Register has entered prosperously on its 21th year, in new and handsome type. 
A work of this kind has become a necessity, and should this periodical continue to 
live and to prosper, even if it does not materially improve in its quality, it must soon- 
come to be regarded as the most valuable historical series so far undertaken. While 
the publications of all other societies are, more or less, of a local character, the 
Register is unlimited in its range, though chiefly confined, at present, to the com- 
paratively unexplored treasures of New-England history. 

For many years to come we shall find abundant matter here with which to fill our 
pages; but it is thought advisable to continue to open our columns to contributions 
from sources outside of New-England, so far as they tend to illustrate her history. 
Indeed we cannot properly draw an historical line which shall be coincident with 
the territorial boundaries of New-England; for the early political and social \i[c of 
the several colonics was so interwoven, that the history of each supplements and ex- 
plains that of every other. Hence we should take a very narrow view of our early 
history if we were to confine ourselves closely to the limits of New-England, if 
this is true of the past, it will be much more obviously true in the future ; for already 
representatives of New-England families are to be found scattered all over this conti- 
nent, wherever enterprise may lead, or New-England thrift can find a foot-hold. 

During the past two years we have furnished to our readers, without extra charge, 
236 extra pages, and two well executed portraits of New-England historical writers, 
or, what is equivalent to three numbers of the ordinary size, and at a eost, per vol- 
ume, far below what is charged by publishers generally for historical works. 

i The Xew-Exglaxd Historic at. and Genealogical Register is published quarterly 
at the rooms oft- lie society, 17 liromtield street. Each number is embellished with one or more 
steel portrait-, and contains 1M» pages, ho.; making a yearly volume of nearly 4eo pages. Kach 
volume contains a carefully prepared index. Subscription, $:>,0U per year. Those wilo wish to 
encourage the work, will please address William B. Towne, Esip, Treasurer . 


The Register is self-supporting ; but it is so only because tbc publishing conn ' 
tee render their perviees gratuitously. This free service cannot, however, be e.\;.. .- 
<d to continue much longer, even if the work should be kept at its present standa: 
much less, if in quantity and quality of matter, and thoroughness of editorial - 
vi ion, it should be brought nearer to the ideal which your committee have in mm 

The subscription list has not materially increased during the past year, and n 
systematic efforts have been made to that end. As no work of this kind is .-]. 
perpetuating, efforts must be continuously made to keep our subscription list full up 
to the present number, if we would have the means to publish it at the present rates, 
and in its present size and style. 

Bat we need to increase the size of the w...k so that we may have room enough 1 1 
publish the mass of valuable, but perishable, material which is rapidly accumulating 
on our hands. Original manuscripts and records of great value are almost dail) 
tendered to us, upon the condition that we will publish them in one number un 1 
promptly, but most of this matter we arc compelled to decline for want of space. 
And so the matter thus declined goes back to private portfolios, and eventually, ud 
we may fear, much of it will go t j the paper mill. 

\Yc need a very considerable increase of subscribers. How can we obtain them? 
A large number of the members of the society do not subscribe. Undoubtedly many 
of these would do so, if the subject were properly brought to their attention. Much 
also might be accomplished by liberal and judicious advertising, as is done by the 
publishers of other periodicals. "With a greatly enlarged subscription we shall have 
the means to increase the size of the work, and for advertising, which in turn 
would bring more subscribers. 

"Wc make this appeal for your active exertions to increase our list of subscribers, 
because, during its twenty-three years of existence, the Register has done much — 
more than some, perhaps, full}" estimate — to give character and standing to tins 
society. Especially is this true where the influence of our members is less directly 
felt, and where the society is known chiefly through the Register, which is our only 
efficient organ of communication with the public. Hence the society owes it to itself 
to make special efforts to put the Register on a secure footing. 

And not only do we need more space for the publication of matter now at our dis- 
posal, but we earnestly desire to obtain facilities for opening our columns to that 
large class of writers who are busily exploring at the very foundations of our com- 
monly received history, and daily showing us how much of error and misconception 
have entered into the whole structure. Scores of able minds are now zealously en- 
gaged in this direction, and, as here and there, long buried treasures are unearthed, 
and the doors of state and private archives unlocked, we may confidently expect that, 
at no distant period, the entire history of our early colonial life, social, political, and 
adventurous, will be recast. We hope to see such a history in the Register ; so that 
along with its thousands of pages of names and dates shall go a complete and truth- 
ful narrative. 

Cave us the means to publish such a history in the Register, and we shall not fail 
to find competent writers. 

It has become necessary, also, that this large series of volumes should be properly 
indexed. This index should contain not only the names now published with each 
successive volume, but also a full index of subjects. This will require time, labor 
and money. It is very desirable that this work should be entered upon during the 
current year. 

It is probable that every subscriber to the Register will desire to obtain such an 
index, and that many copies could easily be disposed of to societies, public libraries, 
and to individuals, not as vet subscribers. 



We ask your subscription to this volume, and such further aid aB individually you 
may be disposed to give towards its preparation. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported, that during 
the past year he had received letters of acceptance from one hundred and one gentle- 
men as resident members; from five as corresponding members, and one as an 
honorary member. In nil one hundred and seven new members have been added 
to the society since the last annual report. lie took that opportunity to state 
that soon after he was first called to the office of corresponding secretary three 
years ago, he issued a blank form with a series of questions to be answered by all 
new members, and returned to him for preservation in the archives of the society. 
Man}* of these returns have been full and satisfactory, and contain important per- 
sonal information, which it is highly desirable to have, but which cannot be obtained 
from any other source. It has been suggested that, at some future day, it will be 
desirable and expedient to publish a volume of biographical notices of the members of 
this society. It is obvious to remark, that should this suggestion be carried out, the 
material for the essential facts of these narratives will be obtained from the archives 
of the society, and their fulness, and especially their accuracy, will depend upon the 
completeness and fidelity of these returns. There are many facts and dates which 
no one can supply except the person to whom they relate. As many of the personal 
statements by our members have been exceedingly meagre, and some of them wholly 
deficient, we Avouid suggest to our. associates the propriety of supplying these defi- 
ciencies at an early date. All letters containing such information will be careful ly 
arranged, bound in volumes, and placed in the archives of the society. 

The following are the names of those who have become members during the year 
1860 :— 

Edward Tobev Barker, Charlestown. 
The Hon. John R. Bartlctt, A.M., 

Providence, R. I. 
Arthur French Towne, Brookline. 

The Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., 

Concord, N. II. 
Albert Boyd Otis. A.B., Boston. 

Jona. Tenney, A.M., cor., Albany, N. Y. 
Edward Irving Dale, Boston. 

Elihu Oliver Lyman, cor., 

Mulberry Corners, Ohio. 
The Rev. David Greene Haskins, A.M., 

David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.]]., LL.B., 

Nathan II. Daniels, Boston. 
Eliphalet W. Blatchford, • Chicago, 111. 
The Rev. Carlos Slafter 5 A.M., Dedham. 
The lion. Stephen N. Stockwell, Boston. 
Frank Wayland Reynolds, West Roxbury. 
E. P. Cutler, Jr., * Boston. 

Arthur Livcrmore, A.M., Lowell. 

Ulysses Simpson Grant, hon., 

Washington, D. C. 
The Rev. Eugene A. Yetromille, D.D., 

Bangor, Me. 
Francis Minot Weld, A.B., Boston. 

Hiram Burr Crandall, A.B., Boston. 
George Craft, Brookline. 

George Edwin Emery, Lynn. 

Benjamin Baker Davis, Brookline. 

Charles W. Raisbeek, Boston. 

Benjamin Franklin Burgess, Boston. 

The Hon. Albert Fearing, Boston. 

William Warren Tucker, .A.M., Boston. 
The Rev. Francis S. lloyt, A. 31., cor., 

Delaware, Ohio. 

A. W. Levering, 
John D. Towie, 
Peter Butler, 
Edward Lawrence, 
William Thomas, 
J. M. Ballard, 
Nathaniel Thayer, A.M., 
Ambrose Eastman, A.M., 
Augustus Parker, 
Ebenezer B. Loring, 
Charles Cowley, 
James L. Little, 



James Adams, Jr., 


The lion. George Horatio Kuhn, Boston. 
Eben D. Jordan, Boston. 

John Foster, Boston. 

William Hyde, A.M., Ware. 

Walter C. Greene, Boston. 

Charles Augustus Stearns, Boston. 

Samuel Henry Gookin, Boston. 

J. 0. Aver, Lowell. 

Henry Augustus Rice, Boston. 

William Pope, Brookline. 

James A. Dupee, Boston. 

Francis Bush, Jr., Boston. 

Aaron C. Baldwin, A.B., Boston. 

Francis Bassett, A.M., Boston. 

John B. Lewis, M.D., Hartford, Ct. 

The Hon. Edwin Holmes Bugbce, 

Ki Hi ugly, Ct. 
Nathan Duriec, M.D., Fall River, Ct. 



The If >n. Roland G. Usher, Lynn. 

j:,,'„rt Clark, cor., Cincinnati, Ohio. 
M ij ii,'„i-r Daniels, Mill'ord, N.1I. 

Hi. Excel. Marshall Jewel!, Hartford, Ct. 
'I'm: 1 1 .n. Amasa Walker, LL.D., 

North Brookficld. 
Klhrnlire Henry Goss, Melrcse. 

II. M. Clarke, Boston. 

The lion. Alexander IT. Holley, 

Lakeville, Ct. 
The Hon. Benjamin Douglas, ' 

Middletown, Ci. 
Richard P. Spencer, Deep River, Ct. 

Daniel Denny, Bost<.;i 

Col. Joshua Winslow Peirce, 

Portsmouth, X. jr 
The lion. Frederick Smyth, 

Manchester, X. ]J 
Isaac Boyden Chace , Fa 11 Rive* 

James W. Sever, A.M., B ,>u,u. 

Gen. George Bernard Drake, Button. 
John Locke Alexander, A.B. M.T)., 

Charles Henry Guild, East Somervil! 
The Hon. Benjamin A. G. Fuiler, A M 


Henry P. Haven, 

.siineoii E. Baldwin, A.M., 

New-Haven, Ct. 
The lion. Peter Harvey, Boston. 

Sidney C. Bancroft, Pea body. 

The Rev. James P. Lane, A.M., Andover. 
'J'iie Rev. John Greenleaf Adams, Lowell. 
Wm. Mason Cornell, LL.D., Boston. 
The Hon. Roger Averill, Danbury, Ct. 
J. L. Newton, Boston. 

Joseph L. Bates, M.I)., Worcester. 

The Rev. Samuel R. Slack, Boston. 

X. B. Chamberlain, Boston. 

William P. Haines, Boston. 

George Bigelow Chase, A.M., Boston. 
Charles Dudley Homans, A.B. M.D., 


New-London, Ct. Charles William Freehand, 


Joseph G. E. Earned, New-York. N. V. 
Cis M. Humphrey, A.M., ' Boston 
TheRev.Snml F. Upham, A.M., Bo^on. 
Warren Everett Eaton, A.B., 

George Stevens, A..M, Lowell. 

Tlie lion. Francis Jowett Parker, Boston. 
Charles Candee Baldwin, rur., 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Arthur Mason Knapp, A.M., Boston. 
Henry Hart, Saybrook, Ct. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, Hanover. 

The Hon. Richard A. Wheeler, 

Stonington, Ct. 
Henry Oliver Perry, South port, Ct. 

"William Hamersley, Hartford, Ct. 

The treasurer, William B. Towne, Esq., reported that the receipts of the contin- 
gent fund, which embraced the admission fees and annual assessments of members. 
including a small balance brought from last year's account, amounted to the sum of 
£1,353.77; that the ordinary expenses of the society had been $1,271.48 — leaving a 
balance in the treasury from this source of $82.29 ; that the funds during the same 
period had been increased $902.44, principally by sums received for life-member- 
ships, 1 and the income of investments belonging to permanent funds, and that the 
cash assets of the society now amounted to $7,023.04. 

The Hon. Chas. B. Hall, in behalf of the trustees of the Towne Memorial fund, 
reported that the income had accumulated during the past year, and that the fund 
now amounts to $1,550.99. This fund was originally a gift of $1,000 from Mr. 
Wm. B. Towne, the treasurer, which sum was to be placed in the hands of trustees, 
the principal and interest to be kept separate and apart from the other receipts ol 
the society, and the income thereof to be devoted to the publication of a memorial 
volume of deceased members, whenever the society should deem it expedient. A 
volume will be commenced the present year. 

Wm. B. Towne, Esq., chairman of the trustees of the Barstow fund, reported 
that 210 volumes had been bound from the income of this fund during the past year, 
leaving $0.81 of the income unexpended. This fund consists of $1,000 given to the 
society in 1802-3 by the late John Barstow, Esq., of Providence, II. I., then a vice- 
president of the society for that state, the income of which is devoted to the binding 
of books. 

' The payment of thirty dollars by himself or others will constitute any resident or correspond- 
ing member of tlio society a life member thereof, ami entitle him, without further expenses, to 
nil the rights of a resident member during life. 

Fur admission to the soeietv the candidate must be recommended bv a member in writing, be 
approved by the board <>f Directors, and voted in a< a member at a regular meeting. 

I'lie fee for matriculation is five dollars. Resident membership requires the payment annually 
of three dollars. 



Mr. Frederic Kidder, in behalf of the trustees of the Bond fund,* reported a bal- 
ance from account of last year of $28.58 ; that there had been collected, during the 
year 1SG9, interest on Government bonds, $14.40, and from sales of Bond's history 
and genealogies of Watertovrn, $30.00; that the trustees had paid fur the purchase 
of books, during the same period, $30.00; leaving a balance, to be carried to the 
account for 1870, of .< ie.98. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in behalf of the directors, reported that the subject 
referred to them, relating to the observance of the 25th anniversary of the incorpora- 
tion of this society, which will occur on the 18th day of March next, was duly con- 
sidered by the board, and it was decided by them, that an address be delivered on 
that occasion, " on the history, and future work of the society ; " and the following 
committee was appointed to make the necessary arrangements, viz : — 
' The iron. Marshall P. Wilder, of Boston. 
The Hon. liiland Hall, of Bennington, Vt. 

Winslow Lewis, M.D., of Boston. 
The Hon. John R. Bartlett, of Providence, 11. 1. 
The lion. George B. Upton, of Boston. 
The lion. Charles II. Bell, of Exeter, N. II. 

William B. Towne, Esq., of Boston. 
The Hon. E. E. Bourne, of Portland, Me. 

Charles W. Tattle, Esq., of Boston. 
Charles J. Iloadley, Esq., of Hartford, Ct. 
The committee extended a unanimous invitation to the Bev. Edmund F. Slafter, 
of Boston, to deliver the address, and the invitation has been accepted. 

Mr. William B. Towne, chairman of the committee on nominations, then submit- 
ted a report : whereupon the society proceeded to ballot, and the nominations 
presented by the committee were adopted. 2 (See page 28.) 

On the announcement of the re-election of the president, he proceeded to deliver 
the address which is printed in the preceding pages. 

Votes of thanks to the president for his eloquent address, and to the officers for 
their services, were then passed. 

The various reports were accepted, and, together with the president's address, 
were referred to a special committee of publication, viz. : Messrs. A. II. Iloyt, A. A. 
Barrage, Bradford Kingman, II. II. Edcs, and J. F. Williams. 

The meeting then dissolved. 

1 This fund consists of the proceeds from the sale of Bond's Gnicalnr/tes and Jlistory of Water- 
town, the balance of the edition of which, in sheets, was bequeathed by the author to the Society 
{Register, xill. ~Ti : xiv. 1—:; : and cover, Oct. is.V.t). The money received from the sales is to be 
invested, and the income used for the purchase of local histories and genealogies. The book is a 
thick octavo, of 1014 closely printed pages, with portraits and maps. Besides the historical mat- 
ter, which i> interesting and valuable, there are genealogies of a srreat number of families. The 
following are some of the larger genealogies: Allen, Barnard, Bemis, Bigelow, Briscoe, Bond, 
Bowman, Boylston, Bridge, Brjwne, Chester. Child, Coolidge (Wiggleswo'rth), Cutler, Cutting, 
DLx, Easterbfook, Eddy, Eyre, Fiske, Flagg, Fuller, Goddard, Goldstone, Gove, Hagar, Ham- 
mond, Harrington, Harris, Hastings, Hoar, Hubbard, Hyde, Jennison, Jones, Kimball, Law- 
rence, Learned, Livermore. Mason, Mixter, Morse, Xorcross, Oldham, Bark, Bafkhurst, Peiree, 
Phillips (White, Abbott, Jewett, Spooner, Tilllnghast, Quincy, appendices to Phillips), Salton- 
Ptall, Sanderson, Sanger, Sherman, Smith, Spring. Stearns (Stone, Talbot, Bellows, Johnson, 
Beddington, Sparhawk, Xewcomb. Pratt), Stone, Stratton. Tarbell, Thornton. Upham, Warren, 
Wellington, White, Whitmoro. Whitney, Whittemore, Woodward and Wyman. 

2 Besides the directors in the lLt of officers on the last page of this report, the board consists 
of the following directors er-ntfcio : namelv, the president ( Hon. Marshall 1'. Wilder, of Boston), 
the pa-t presidents (Hon. William Whiting, A.M., of Boston, Samuel G.Drake, A.M., of Boston, 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, .if Boston, and Winslow Lewis, A.M., M.D., of Boston), the secretaries 
(Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., and Samuel H. Wentworth, A. 31.. both of Boston), the treasurer 
( William B. Towne, of Milford, X. EI.,) the historiographer (Bev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston), 
the librarian (Mr. William J. Foley, of Boston), the chairmen of the several standing committees 
(John Ward Dean, of Boston. Henrv Edwards, Esq., of Boston, Jeremiah Colburn, Esq., of 
Boston, Mr. William Peed Deane. of "Mansfield, and William II. Whitmore, A.M.. of Boston), 
and by virtue of former sen ices, Mr. Frederic Kidder, of Melrose, the Bev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, 
A M., Hon. George W. Messinger, John II. SUeppard, A.M., Joseph Palmer, M.D., and Edward 
S. Band, Jr., A.M., all of Boston. 


treasurer's account. 



SStillfom J). (To but, fLnzsnm, in Recount {:'/ 


,1.111. 1. Balance brought from last year's account, 

Dee. 51. Amount received for admission Fees and Assessment of Members, 

12 J 


1SG9. To Balance from account of last year, 
Investment in former years, . 
Dec. 31. Interest collected tliis year, 

" Sale of Books for the year 18G9, 



1SG9. To Balance from account of last year, 

Original donation, . 

July 1. Interest on $800 Government Bonds, G mos. at G per cent, in gold, 

" Premium on the above at 3GJ; per cent, advance, .... 

" Dividend on 2 shares of stock in Boston & Providence R. II. Co. 

Dec. 31. Interest on $800 Government Bonds, G mos. at G per cent, in gold, 

" Premium on the above at VJ\ per cent, advance, .... 

" Dividend on 2 shares of stock in the Boston & Providence R, R. Co. 





Jan. 1. 

May 1. 

Nov. 1. 

Dec. 31. 

Jan. 1. 

July 1. 
Dec. 31. 


To Amount from account of last year, 

Original donation, . . 

Interest on $1000 Gov't Bonds, G mos. at 6 per cent, per aim. in gold, 
Premium on the above 38} per cent, advance, .... 

■ Interest on $1000 Gov't Bonds, mos. at 6 per cent, per ann. in gold, 

Premium on the above, 30 per cent, advance, 

Interest of J. C. B. & Co. 






To Amount from last year's account, 231.44 

Investment in former years, 3100.00 

Interest on $3100 Government Bonds, mos. at C per cent, gold, . . . 93.00 

Premium on the above, 3G.\ per cent, advance, 33.71 

Interest on $3100 Gov't Bonds, G mos. at G per cent 93.00 

Premium on the above, VA per cent, advance, 18.13 

Cash for Life Memberships at $30 each 600.00 


treasurer's account. 


ilci.u-i!'ngkmL> Historic, c5cnraIogic:il Sfoaetir. 



By Expense Rent of Rooms, 
" Insurance, . 

" Librarian, . 

" Care of Rooms and Repairs, 

" Printing and Stationery, 

" Advertising and Postages, . 

" Freight and Expresses, 


Dec. 31. Balance carried to account for 1S70, . 





By 1 5-20 Government Bond, 1807. No. 84027, 
1 5-20 " " " 47903, 

1 5-20 " " " 67603, 

Raid for the purchase of Books, 
Balance to account for 1670, 



By 1 5-20 Government Bond, 1801. No. 40215. 
1 5-20 " " " 249SG, 

1 5-20 " " " 24987, 

1 5-20 " •' " 249SS, 

2 shares stock in Boston & Providence R. R. Co. . 

Binding 210 Volumes of Books, .... 
Balance to new account, 

272. OS 



By 1 5-20 Government Bond, 1802. No. 9SS5, 
1 5-20 " " " 98SG, 

Balance to new account, . 




By 1 5-20 Government Bond, 18G5, 
1 5-20 " « " 

15-20 " " 1607 

15-20 " ■« " 

15-20 " « 1601 

1 O. C. k F. R. Railroad 7 per cent. Bond, due in 1 

Premium on the above, 

Interest on the above, 4 mos. 23 days, . 

Balauce to account for 1870, .... 


No. 93373. 












treasurer's account. 



Contingent Fund, 
Bond Fund, . . 

Barstow Fund, . 
Towne Memorial Fund, 
Building Fund, , . 

Cash Assets, January l, 1870. 







Government Securities at par, 
O.C.&F. E. Railroad Bond, 
2 shares B. & P. R. E. Co. at par, 
Trustees of Bond Fund, 
Deposit in Washington Bank, 


$4900 u i 

1". . 
20(i • i 


Cash Assets, Jan. 1, 1SG9, 
Increase in 18C9, 



This certifies that I have examined the foregoing account of the Treasurer, and find it 
correctly cast and properly vouched. 


Chairman Finance Committee. 



Article I. — The society shall be called The New-England Historic, 
Genealogical Society. 

Article II. — The objects of the society shall be to collect, preserve, 
and disseminate the local and general history of New-England, and the 
genealogy of New-England families. 

Article HT. — The society shall be composed of resident, correspond- 
ing, honorary and life members. 

Article IV. — Resident, corresponding, and honorary members, having 
been nominated by the board of directors, shall be elected by ballot, at 
any stated meeting, by a majority of the votes cast. 

Article V. — Every person elected a member of the society shall become 
such by signifying his acceptance to the corresponding secretary, in writ- 
ing; and any member may withdraw from it, at any time, by certifying his 
intention of so doing to the recording secretary, in writing, and paying all 
dues to the treasurer. 

Article VI. — Each resident member shall pay into the treasury, on his 
admission, the sum of five dollars, and after the year of his admission an 
annual tax of three dollars. Any member neglecting or refusing to pay 
his assessments for two years, shall forfeit his membership, unless the board 
of directors shall otherwise order. 

Article VII. — The payment of thirty dollars, in addition to his admis- 
sion fee, shall constitute any resident or corresponding member a life-member 
of the society ; life-members shall be free from assessments, and entitled to 
all the rights and privileges of resident members. 



Article VIII. — The officers of the society shall he a president ; .'.>..• 
viiv-prcsitlent for each of the New-England States; one honorary vir«- 
piv>ident for each of such of the other states, as the society may ilrtt-r- 
mine; a corresponding secretary ; a treasurer ; a recording secretary; : 
hKiurio'Tapher ; a librarian; and a hoard of directors. They shall hoM 
office one year, or until their successors are elected. 

Article IX. — No person shall be eligible as a corresponding memlu-r 
who resides in any of the New-England States; and the membership of 
corresponding members coming into New-England to reside, shall cea-e 
three months after such change of residence. 

Article X. — The president, the past presidents, the secretaries, the 
treasurer, the librarian, the historiographer, the chairmen of the several 
standing committees and of the boards of trustees, those who have served 
seven years as directors, and five persons chosen by the society for the 
purpose, shall constitute the board of directors. 

Article XL — The society shall meet in the city of Boston, for the 
transaction of business, on the first Wednesday of every month, except the 
months of July and August, and except when such Wednesday is a legal 
holiday, and at such other times as the society or the board of directors 
shall appoint. The meetings in January, April and October shall be con- 
sidered quarterly meetings, and at all meetings of the society, resident 
and life members shall only be entitled to a vote. 

Article XII. — The officers of the society shall be chosen by ballot, at 
the January meeting, by a majority of the votes cast ; and any vacancy occur- 
ring may be filled at any subsequent monthly meeting in the same manner. 

Article XIII. — By-Laws of the society may be made or amended by a 
vote of three-fourths of the members present, and voting, at any regular 
meeting, notice of the same having been given in writing, at a previous 
meeting of the society, and entered upon the records. 

Article XIV. — No alteration shall be made in this constitution, except 
at a quarterly meeting of the society, on the written recommendation, then 
presented, of at least five members, and by a vote of three-fourths of the 
members present, and voting ; notice of the proposed alteration having 
been given in writing at a previous monthly meeting and entered on the 

BY-LAWS. 23 

BY-LA "W" S _ 

Dulles of Members. 
Article I. — It shall be the duty of the members of the society to 
obtain historical and g-encalog-ical information by collecting- books, 
pamphlets, documents, records, journals and papers, ancient and 
modern, and to deposit the same in the archives of the society. 

Written Communications. 
Article II. — All written communications shall be deemed the pro- 
perty of the society, unless the right to such be specially reserved in 
writing by their authors or depositors. 

The Library. 


Article III. — The library shall be open for the free use of all the 
members of the society ; and any person, not a member, may be per- 
mitted to use the same, having- first presented to the librarian satis- 
factory testimonials, and entered his name on the journal. 

The manuscripts shall not be taken from the library except by vote 
of the board of directors first had and obtained in each instance ; 
but copies thereof may be made under such restrictions, as to publi- 
cation, as the board may prescribe. 

The books and pamphlets shall be kept for reference, and shall not 
be taken from the library except in extraordinary cases, and with ilio 
consent of the librarian and one of the committee on the library, 
and for such time and under such rules as may be made by said com- 
mittee, and furnished in writing 1 to the librarian. 


Article IY. — The assessments of each current year shall be due at 
the annual meeting- in January. 

Elections to Jtfcmbcrsliip — icJicn void. 
Article V. — Elections to membership that are not accepted within 
one year from the date thereof shall be void, unless otherwise ordered 
by the directors. 

Quorum in Board of Directors, etc. 
Article YI. — The board of directors and the standing- committees 
shall severally determine what number of members shall constitute a 
tpiorum of their respective bodies. 




Order of Proceedings at Public Meetings. 
Article VII. — The order of proceeding's at public meetings of t! . 
society shall be as follows : 

2. The reading of the records of the preceding meeting. 

2. The report of the librarian. 

3. The report of the corresponding secretary. 
A, The report of the historiographer. 

5. The election of members. 

G. The reading of papers and essay's. 

1. The transaction of unfinished business. 

S. The transaction of other business. 

Motions to he in Writing. 

Article VIII. — All motions or resolutions, offered at any meeting 
of the society, shall, on the request of the presiding officer, be sub- 
mitted in writing. 

Life Fund. 

Article IX. — All moneys received for life-membership shall be in- 
vested from time to time by the treasurer, with the approval of the 
committee on finance, and kept invested in good securities, and 
shall be called the life fund : the income thereof may be used for 
current expenditures, but the principal shall remain intact. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, dc. — who are eligible. 
Article X. — The honorary vice-presidents shall be chosen from the 
members of the society residing in the states which they represent ; 
vice-presidents shall be chosen from the resident or life-members in 
their respective states ; all other officers, standing committees and 
trustees shall be chosen from the resident or life-members. 

Corresponding Secreta ry. 

Article XT. — It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary 

to conduct the general correspondence of the society ; to place on 

file till letters received ; to enter the names of members systematically 

in books kept for the purpose, and to issue certificates of membership. 

Article XII. — It shall be the duty of the treasurer to take charge 
of all moneys belonging to the society ; to collect all fees and taxes; 
to pay all bills against the society when approved by the board of 
directors; to keep a full account of receipts and expenditures in a 
book belonging to the society ; to invest the funds of the society, 
with the consent and approval of the board of directors ; and, at the 
annual meeting, to make a full and detailed report in writing, and at 
such other times as may be required by said board. 

BY-LAWS. 25 

Recording Secrela ry. 
Article XIII. — It shall be the duty of the recording secretary to 
make a full and explicit record of all the proceedings of the society, at 
its meetings ; and the minutes so made shall be read at the succeeding 
meeting for the correction of errors, and afterwards be entered as the 
permanent record of the society in a book kept for that purpose. 


Article XIV. — It shall be the duty of the historiographer to collect 
and preserve materials for a history of the society ; to prepare biogra- 
phies of its deceased members for publication, and deposit the same 
in the archives of the society. lie ma} T read at the stated meetings 
such of the biographies, or such parts of them, as he may deem ad- 


Article XV.— It shall be the duty of the librarian to take charge of 
the books, pamphlets," manuscripts, and all other property belonging 
to or deposited in the library ; to classify and arrange the books and 
pamphlets for the convenient use of the members ; keep a correct 
catalogue of the same ; enter all donations in a book, kept for that 
purpose, with a sufficient description thereof, the date of their recep- 
tion, and the name of the donor, and in behalf of the society make 
acknowledgment of the same by letter; to purchase books, when 
authorized by the board of directors, to whom he shall be responsible 
fur the proper discharge of his duties. lie shall have the care of the 
rooms, and make all necessary preparations for the meetings, of the 

Board of Directors. 
Article XVI. — It shall be the duty of the board of directors to 
superintend and conduct the prudential and executive business of the 
society; to authorize all expenditures of money; to fix all salaries ; 
to receive and act upon all resignations and forfeitures of membership ; 
and to see that the constitution and by-laws are duly complied with. 

Standing Com initiees. 
Article XVII. — The society, at the annual meeting, shall choose 
five standing committees, to consist of five members each, who shall 
hold monthly meetings for the transaction of business, viz. : — 

1. On the library. 

2. On finance. 

3. On papers and essays. 

4. On heraldry. 

o. On publication. 


Committee on (lie Library. 

Article XVIII. — It shall be the duty of the committee on the libra: 
to solicit donations of books, pamphlets, and manuscripts for ; 
society, such as local, genealogical or family histories, biograi ; i 
travels, journals, histories of corporations, and of military expeditio: 
arid all works that may illustrate the geography, topograph}", or ;, 
animal, vegetable, and mineral products of the country. 

The committee may, with the written consent of the board of din 
tors, make donations and exchanges of duplicate copies of books .-. 
pamphlets, and they shall make a full record of all donations" and i ■■.. 
changes in a book kept for the purpose ; and, at the annual mcctin ', 
shall submit in writing a detailed report of their proceedings. 

Committee on Finance. 
Article XIX. — It shall be the duty of the committee on finance-— 
of which the treasurer shall be, ex-oficio, a member — to examine from 
time to time the books and accounts of the treasurer; to audit his 
accounts at the close of the year, and to report upon the expediency 
•of proposed expenditures of money. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 
Article XX. — It shall be the duty of the committee on papers and 
essays to make arrangements for the reading of historical papers and 
.essays at the meetings of the society. 

Committee on Heraldry. 
Article XXL— It shall be the duty of the committee on heraldry 
to collect and preserve information in regard to heraldry in its relation 
to New-England families, and to make reports from time to time, and 
deposit them, either in print or manuscript, in the archives of the 





• Benjamin Vinton French, 

Kdmund Bachelder Dearbora, Boston. 

William Li. ike Trask, Dorchester. 

Thomas Bellows Wyman, Jr., Charlestown. 

John Ward Dean, Boston. 

Col. Almon D. Hodges, Roccbury. 

*John Barstow, Providence, R. /. 

L aac Child, Boston. 

Hon. George W. Messingcr, Boston. 

William Blanchard Towne, Brookllne. 

*IIon. Calvin Fletcher, Indianapolis,' Ind. 
Rev. Aloiizo H. Quint, D.D., Neio-Bcdford. 


* Nathaniel Chmmcoy, AM. Philadelphia, Pa. 
Edward Franklin Evcrett,A.M.,C7ia/76sfo«m. 
Samuel T. Parker, South Reading. 

♦Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.l)., Boston. 
William Appleton, Boston. 

Hun. John Israel Baker, Beverly. 

William Emerson Baker, Boston. 

MI on. Samuel Dana Bell, LL.D., 

Manchester, N. II. 

Gcorcrc Baty Blake, 

George D. B. Blanchard, 

John Merrill Bradbury, 

Jonathan Brown Bright, 

Charles Chauncy Burr, 

Alvali Augustus Barrage, 

John Wilson Candler, 

•Thomas Chadboumc, M.D., Concord, X. 11. 

John Cummings, Jr. Wobitm. 

William Head Deane, Brookline. 

Aimer Cheney Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. 

William Whitwcll Grccnough, A.B., Boston. 

Hon. Charles Bingley Hall, 

Wellington La Garonn Hunt, 

Martin M. Kellogg, 

Frederic Kidder, 

John It. Kimball, 

Amos Adams Lawrence, A.M 

Window Lewis, A.M., M.D., 

Hon. Fred. Walker Lincoln, Jr. 

Hugh Montgomery, 

James Read, 

Hon. George C. Richardson, 

John Wingate Thornton, A.M., 

Hon. George Bruce Upton, 

Rev. John Adams Vinton, A.M 

♦John Wright Warren, M.D., 

Nehcmiah Washburn, 

Henrv Austin Whitnev, A.M., 

Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wildci 

lion. Moses Thompson Willai 





Boston . 













Concord, X. II. 
Ebonzer Aldcn, A.M., M.D., Randolph. 

William Sumner Appleton, A.M., Boston. 

Jersey City, X. J. 



A.M., Comb rid qe. 

Middleiown, Ct. 

Henry B. Humpnrey, 
Manning Leonard, 
Joel Munsoil, 
Benjamin B. Torrey, 
Andrew Hcnshaw Ward, 

Thomaston, Me. 


Albany, X. Y. 




Salomon Alofsen, 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 

*George J. Fiskc, 

Rev. Richard M. llod-es. 

Samuel II. Parsons, A.M.. 

Edward Sprague Rand, A.M., Boston. 

Thomas Spooncr, Reading, Ohio. 

Elbridge Wascn, Brookline. 

Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D , Chicago, III. 

Edward C. Wilson, Brookline. 


James Madison Bcebe, Boston. 

George Chandler, M.D., . Worcester. 

Peter Hobart, Jr., Boston. 
Rev. Thos. R. Lambert, D.D., Charlcstown. 

John Hannibal Sheppard, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A M., Boston. 

lion. Ginery Twichcll, Brookline. 

John Gardner White, A.M., Boston. 


Ledvard Bill, New- York. 

Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A.M., Boston. 
Rev. Jas Howard Means, A.M., Dorchester. 
Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., Billerica. 


Henrv Truman Beckwith, Providence, It. I. 
Hon.'Wm. A. Buckingham, LL.D., 

Norwich, Ct. 
Hon. Alex. II. Bullock, LL.D., Worcester. 
Edward Pavson Burnhani, Saco, Me. 

Hon. Alvali Crocker, Fitchburg. 

-Geo. Wolff Fahnestock, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Jonathan French, Boston. 

David Parsons Holton, M.D., Xeic- York. 
Albert Harrison Hoyt, A.M., Boston. 

Hon. Otis Norcross, Boston. 

John Parker Towne, A.B., Edgerton, Wis. 
Charles W. Turtle, A.M., Boston. 

Joseph Harrison Ward, Boston. 

Samuel Hidden Wentworth, A.M., Boston. 
*Itev. Plinv H. White, Coventry, Vt. 

Nathaniel Whiting, Watertown. 

Charles 0. Whitmore, Boston. 

John Greenleaf Whittier, A.M., Amesbury. 


Hon. Francis La-sett, Boston. 

Rev. Eliphalet W. Blatchford, Chicago, III. 
Benjamin F. Burgess, Boston. 

Peter Butler, Boston. 

Rev. James Freeman Clarke, D.D., Boston. 
Hon. Albert Fearing, Boston. 

John Foster, Boston. 

Hon. Alexander II. IIollv, Salisbury, Ct. 
Charles D. Homans, A.M., M.D., Boston. 
Eben D. Jordan, Boston. 

George II. Kuhn, Boston. 

Edward Lawrence, Charlcstown. 

James L. Little, Boston. 

Capt. Geo. Henrv Preble, U.S.N. Charlestoivn. 
Col. James W. Sever, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. Carlos Slafter, A.M., Dcdham. 

Nathaniel Thayer, A.M., Boston. 

William Thomas, Boston. 

William W. Tucker, A.M., Boston. 

Cyrus Woodman, A.M., Cambridge. 

{UriniiS of tin: new-exglaxd historic, genealogical society 


\1 ^^ ichusctts 


,V ic-IIampshi 




yen- York. 
Dist. «/' Col. 
New- Jersey. 

rhellox. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Boston. 
Tlie lion. George B. Lnox, of Boston. 
4i Hon. Israel Wasiihuux, Jr.. of Portland. 
" Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of Concord. 
" Hon. Hampden CVtts, A.M., of Brattleboro'. 
'• Hon. John R. Bautlltt, A.M., of Providence. 
" Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
The Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo. 
" J Ion. John Went worth, LL.D., of Chicago. 
" lit. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D.. of Davenport. 
" Lion. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D.. of Milwaukee. . 
" Hun. George P. Fisher, uf Washington. 

S. Alofsen, Jilsq., of Jersey City. 
" Hon. John II. B. Latrobc, of Baltimore. 

William Duane. Esq., of Philadelphia. 
" Rev. William G. Elliot, D.D., of ISt. Louis. 
" Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville. 
" Hon. Thomas Spoon or, of Reading. 

Corresponding Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston. 

Recording Secretary. 

Samuel Hidden Wentwortii, A.M., of Boston, 


William B. Towne, Esq., of Milfbrd, N. II. 

Assistant Treasurer. 
Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., of Boston. 
Hi storiographer. 
The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Lofton. 
Assistant Historiographer. 
Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston. 
Mr. William J. Foley, of Boston. 


The Hon. Gconre B. Upton, Boston. 
The Hon. YA\s\S. Tobey, A.M., Boston. 
Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston. 
Mr. William B. Trask, Dorchester. 
Albert II. Hoyt, A.M., Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond Fund and of the 

Cushman Genealogical Fund. 
Col. Almon 1). Hodges, Roxbury. 
Mr. Frederic Kidder, Melrose. 
Mr. Thomas Waterman, Boston. 

Trustees of the Barstow Fund and of the 
Tow ne Memorial Fund. 

William B.Towne, Esq.,Milford,N.II. 
Col. Almon I). Hodges, Roxbury. 
Hie Hun. Charles B. Hall, Boston. 

Commit tec on Papers and Essays. 

Mr. William Reed Deane, Mansfield. 
•Mm Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. 
. <• Rev. 1. N. Tarbox, D.D., Boston. 
lh<-' Hon. (.'has. Hudson. A.M., Lexington. 
< l I't. G. 11. Preble, L.S.N. .Charlestown. 

Committee on Publication. 
John Ward Dean. A.M.. Boston. 
Albert II. Hoyt, A.M., Boston. 
William II. Whitmore, A.M.. Boston. 
WilliamS. Appleton, A.M.. Boston. 
William B. Towne, Esq., Milford, N.H 

Committee on Finance. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., Boston. 
The Hon. Geo. W. Messimi'er, Boston. 
The lion. Charles B. Hall, ""Boston. 
Geo. Win. Bond. Esq., West Roxbury- 
Pereival Lowell Everett, Esi 


Committee on flo 




Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston. 
ThcRev. Edmund F. Slafter.A .M., Boston 
Wm. Otis Johnson, A.M., M.D.. Boston. 
Mr. DeloraineP. Covey, Boston. 
James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlestowri, 

Committee on Heraldry. 
William II. Whitmore, A.M., Boston. 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.AL, Boston. 
William S. Appleton, A.M., Boston. 
Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., Boston. 


TPT? nnxr if* pen it ? p wit nT?8-> 

and Tin: OTiii:u 


New-Enqland Histoeio, Genealogical Society, 

JANUARY 7, 1874. 








New-Eitglaed Histoeio, Genealogical Society, 

JANUARY 7, 187-1. 

B S T N : 



r-. ^ 


Such studies have a value far beyond that at which they are \ 
estimated. the "first commandment with promise," which requires i ! 
individual to "honor" his immediate parents with grateful assiduity willi 
they live, and with grateful commemoration when they are gonr, is a 
commandment for communities and racks to honor ale that was good in till i : 
progenitors; and i have full faith that while the new-england race sham, 
honor the virtues of its ancestry, its days shall be long in the land.— lcvnunt 
Bacon, D.D. 



His ancestors will be negligent of ins posterity ?"— The Rev. Frederick Freeinn 
in History of Cope Cod, vol. i. p. 219. 

David Clapp & Son, Printers. 

p 12025 



New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, 


The Hun. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Boston, Massachusetts. 


The Hon. George B. Upton, of Boston, . . . Mr isachusetts. 

The Hon. Israel Washburn., Jr., LL.D., of Portland, Maine. 

The Hon. Ira Perley, LL.D., of Coucord, . . . New-Hampshire. 

The Hon. Hampden Cutis, A.M., of Brattleboro', . Vermont. 

The lion. John R. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, . Rhode Island. 

The Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich, Connecticut. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 

The Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D., of Buffalo, . . New- York. 

The Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, . Illinois. 

The Rt. Rev. Henry W. Lee, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa. 

The Hon. Increase A. Lapuam, LL.D., of Milwaukee, . Wisconsin. 

The Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, District of Columbia. 

William A. Whitehead, Esq., of Newark, . . . New-Jersey. 

The Hon. John II. B. Latrobe, of Baltimore, . . Maryland. 

William Duane, Esq., of Philadelphia, . . . Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville, Indiana. 

The lion. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, . . . Ohio. 

. Corresponding Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, 


Recording Secretary. 
David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, . Massachusetts. 

Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., of Boston, 

The Rev. Dora's Clarke, D.D., of Boston, 



Librarian, and Assistant-Historiographer. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, .... Massachusetts. 


The Hon. George B. Upton, Boston. John Cummings, Esq., Woburn. 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston. John Foster, Esq., Boston. 

Charles Levi Woodbury, Esq., Boston. 

Directors ex-officio. 
The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Boston. Frederic Kidder, Esq., Melrose. 
The Rev. Edmund F.Slafter, A.M., Boston. The Hon. Thos. C. Amory, A.M., Bo>ton. 
Benjamin Barstow Torrky, Esq . , Boston . Samuel G . D rake, A.M . , Boston. 
David G. IIaskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge. Col. Almon D. Hodges, Boston. . 
The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston. Winslow Lewis, M.D., Boston. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. William B. Trask, Esq . , Boston. 

Albert II. LIoyt, A.M., Boston. Jeremiah Colburx, A.M., Boston. 

James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlestown. Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., Boston. 
William B. Townk, A.M., Milford, N. II. William Henry Whitmore, A.M., Boston. 
The Bev. C. D. Bradlee, A.M., Boston. Samuel A. Drake, of Melrose. 

Committee on Publication. 
Albert IT. Hoyt, A.M., Boston. William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. IT. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. The Rev. L' cius R. Paige, D.D., Canibridgeport. 
Geo. II. Preble, U.S.N. , Boston. Harry H. Edes, Boston. 

Committer, on the Library. 
James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlestown. The Rev. Edmund F.Slafter, A.M., Boston. 
Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston. Deloraine P. Corey, Esq., Maiden. 

Prof. Charles P.Otis, A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Finance. 
William B. Towxe, A.M., Milford, N. II. The Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., Boston. Percival L. Everett, Esq., Boston. 

The Hon. John A. Buttrick, Lowell. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 
SamUel Adams Drake, Melrose. W illiam S. Gardner, A.M., Boston. 

Frederic Kidder, Esq., Melrose. Albert B. Otis, LL.B., Boston. 

The Rev. 1. N. Tarcox, D.D., Boston. The Rev. \V . F. Mallalieu, A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Hera/dry. 
The Hon. Tnos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston. Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston. 
Abxer C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. William S. Appleton, A.M., Boston. 
George B. Chase, A.M., Boston. 

Trustees of the Bond and of the Cushman Funds. 
Col. Almon D. Hodges, Boston. Frederic Kidder, Esq., Melrose. 

Trustees of the Tuione and of the Barstow Funds. 
William B. Towne, A.M., Milford, N. II. Col. Almon D. Hodges, Boston. 
The Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston. 


Gentlemen of the Society: 

In assuming the duties of tlic chair for another year, I thank 
vou most sincerely for your continued confidence, and for your kind 
appreciation of the services which I have been able o render in be- 
half of our institution. 

But while I congratulate you on the prosperity of the society, on 
the increasing* interest manifested by our members, on this large 
attendance, and especially on the presence of so many with whom I 
have long been associated in official duties, I am reminded that all 
are not here. During the past year, death has entered our ranks 
and taken from us a larger number of active members than in any 
other year since I have had the honor of occupying this place. 
Whiting, Sheppard, Burnham, Tileston, were removed in quick 
succession. Bourne, Johnson, Moore, Curtis, Jones, Wakefield 
and others who took a more or less prominent part in our pro- 
ceedings, have also joined the great procession of the dead. We 
mourn their loss, but rejoice in the record we have preserved of their 
lives and labors. 

Nor would I fail to notice in this connection, the decease of one, 
although not a member of this society, with whom it has been my 
privilege to be associated in other institutions. His life and labors 
enter into the history of this country, and his death may properly be 
regarded as one of the most afflictive that has occurred during the 
last year. I refer to the death of Professor Louis Agassiz, the 
illustrious philosopher and naturalist, renowned throughout the 
world as one of the great scientific lights of modern times, whose 
genius, acquisitions, and plans for the promotion of science have 

embalmed his memory as one of tlie greatest projectors and . 
thropists of this age. These lessons of mortality should prom- • 
to work with such strength as we have while our own day shall I 

As a nation, we have been prosperous. The storm of financial •! 
trust and failure has not been so general or so severe as was ant 
pated, and its fury is well nigh spent. AVe have been saved : 
war with Spain; and, by the treaty of Washington and arbitral: 
at Geneva, the differences between the United States and En-. ! • 
have been amicably adjusted, under the guidance of wise statesium 
on both sides, and the relations of the two most free, enlightened an 
powerful nations of the globe have been settled in the interests . ■: 
truth and justice. 

Coming nearer home, I would also recognize as among the mo-i 
gratifying circumstances of the past year, the erection of new build- 
ings on the grounds made desolate by the Great Boston Fire, on ;],■• 
night of t\ic 9th and the morning of the 10th of November, 1872, 
when seven hundred and seventy-six Laildings, including hundreds of 
the most elegant stores and commercial temples in the country, am] 
covering sixty-five acres in the heart of the city, were suddenly laid in 
ashes. Nobly, indeed, have our merchants and other large losers 
borne this dreadful calamity : not with fortitude only, but, with the 
enterprise and energy so characteristic of Boston, they have covered 
most of the burnt district with structures more elegant, and. extensive 
than the former buildings. 

The society is in a very prosperous condition, and we have reason 
to congratulate ourselves upon what has already been accomplished. 
It is in extensive correspondence with similar associations and histor- 
ical students at home and abroad, and is constantly receiving valua- 
ble contributions of books, pamphlets and historical relies, thus 
affording cheering evidence of the sympathy of friends and the 
patronage of the public. 

The Historical and Genealogical Register has been regularly pub- 
lished during the past year, and was never in a more nourishing con- 
dition than at the present time. This series of twenty-seven volumes 
of historical and genealogical facts is a monument of the industry 
of its contributors, of its successive publishing committees and edi- 
tors. It is a publication unique in this country ; and it is everywhere 
accepted as one of the leading mediums of intercourse between hi— 
torical students. Many of its historical and genealogical articles 
are the result of exhaustive research, and great care is taken to make 

i:- biographical sketches full, accurate and impartial. As monu- 
ments to the dead, they are vastly more enduring than the work 
(.}' the artisan or sculptor. They are of inestimable value to surviv- 
ing friends and relatives, and will be increasingly valuable to the 
generations that shall fellow them. 

Our hooks, pamphlets and manuscripts, are being consulted 
1'iv a large number of people each year, and their intrinsic value, 
;ts helps to historical and genealogical study, arc becoming more 
and more appreciated. Their arrangement and classification, with 
a catalogue of the whole, I am happy to say, is still in progress ; 
but I have heretofore spoken with so much freedom and earnestness, 
it is not necessary now to press the subject upon your attention. 

The contributions during the past year, were probably of greater 
value than those of any former year as will be seen by reference to 
the reports on the library presented this day. The whole number 
of books, pamphlets, manuscripts, maps, broadsides, &c. , receiv- 
ed during the past year amounted to over twenty-t»"0 thousand. Of 
the publications named, more than thirty arc from the pens of our 
own members. 

Among the donations which ought to be especially noticed on this 
occasion, is that large and extremely valuable collection known as 
the Knox Manuscripts, numbering about fourteen thousand, pre- 
sented by our associate member, Hear Admiral Henry Knox Thatch- 
er, for which we cannot be too grateful. These have been properly 
arranged, and as soon as it is practicable, will be bound. 

This extensive collection of materials for American history covers 
the period of the revolutionary war, the formation of the federal 
constitution, and the organization and establishment of our national 
government : a period of twenty years, second to no other in our 
annals in interest and importance, and in which General Knox 
bore a prominent part, both in the cabinet and in the field. 

Besides his military papers, it embraces his correspondence with 
many of the first characters of his time. Washington corresponded 
with him upon the most intimate and friendly footing to the close of 
his life. Here are also the letters of Greene, Lincoln, Wayne, 
Lafayette, Steuben, and others of the American generals ; while 
the numerous letters of Chastellux, Liancourt, and other officers 
of Kochambeau's army, evince the warmth and genuineness of the 
friendship with which he was regarded by our gallant French allies. 
One of his chief correspondents was Col. Henry Jackson, a play- 



mate of his youth unci a life-long friend, whose letters are full of i • 
est in"* details of the events in and around Boston during j{, J( 
absence with the army and in the war-office. The general^ i 
letters to his wife, to his brother and to Jackson, present faithful ; 
hires of the men and events of the time and are of the utmost in; 
and value. The proposed federal constitution and its adoption . 
here amply discussed by Ivufus King, Stephen Higginson and \ 
thaniel Gorham. The original articles of capitulation at Yorktowj 
having the signature of Cornwallis, and of Symonds, the naval coin- 
mandcr, and the first draught of the institution of the Society of th< 
Cincinnati, are among the treasures of this collection. 

In addition to these matters of general interest, there is a nu - 
of material bearing upon the history of that part of Maine included 
in the Muscongus or Waldo patent, which came eventually into 
Knox's possession. 

Students of American history must consult these papers for the 
new light they throw upon some of the most critical periods. The 
campaign of Trenton and Princetc*i ; the distress and extreme priva- 
tions of the army at the close of the war, culminating in the famous 
" Newburgh addresses ;" Shays's insurrection ; the exciting strug- 
gle over the adoption of the federal constitution in Massachusetts ; 
and the Indian troubles on our frontier; all these and many other 
important chapters of our history can be rendered more complete 
and instructive, by having recourse to this most interesting mass oi 
historical documents. 

Another donation, from Henry F. Walling, Esq., of Cambridge. 
deserves to be gratefully acknowledged. This is the gift of about 
two hundred maps of New-England towns and counties, which arc 
especially useful in local and genealogical studies. Some of these 
are quite rare, and have been heretofore difficult to obtain. They 
make our collection in this department one of superior excellence. 
Nor must I forget the numerous other donations of photographs, en- 
gravings, and historical relics, which have been given us during the 
past year, among which should be mentioned the large, rare and valu- 
able collection of St. Memin's portraits, presented by Jonathan 
Mason, Esq., of this city. 

While we acknowledge with gratitude the liberality of our mem? 
bers in contributing to our funds, as well as to our historical collec- 
tions, we would urge them to continued exertion for the promotion oi 
the objects we have in view. On our list of members arc enrolled 

:!) ■ names of several hundred persons residing in almost every state 
;,!i'! territory, who have been elected such on account of their 
Interest in American history. Among these there are, doubtless, 
many who can aid us more than they have heretofore done, and 
would do so if a field of labor were suggested to them. Why 
not resolve, here to-day, that during the coming year each one of us 
will present to this society a book, or pamphlet, or manuscript, or 
some memorial of historic value, — something that lias been handed 
down from former generations, or something embodying the fruits of 
our individual research. There are, probably, in many of our 
old town-depositories, and in private families, such treasures, trans- 
mitted from former generations, of little value or use to their owners, 
but rich in the materials of history ; and, if brought together here, 
would be exceedingly useful to the society, and secure from the 
danger of destruction. Now, if each member would make it a duty 
to search after these neglected treasures, brum- them to light, and 
place them where they can be used and appreciated, 1 have no doubt 
the result would be surprising to the members themselves. Let each 
member also see to it, that a copy of every book or pamphlet 
published in his neighborhood be sought for and placed in our 

When we reflect upon what has been done by comparatively mod- 
erate exertion to enrich our library, it is believed that much more 
may be done by vigorous effort, in which every member should be 
glad to take a part.. It is an interesting fact that the old account 
hooks and diaries of the farmer, the merchant and the mechanic be- 
come exceedingly valuable with age. In these are often to be found 
important facts of local history, recorded no where else. Though 
they may be the record of apparently unimportant acts or events at 
the time, yet thc)< may be connected with others of great public in- 
terest, In other words, with so large a number of members, we 
ought to make corresponding exertions and produce results of the 
most gratifying character. Thus we should excite an interest in the 
community at large to aid us in our noble work, and thus create an 
enthusiasm which wotdd urge our society forward with an energy 
and power surpassing all past efforts. Nor is this all. Let each 
member, in dispensing his wealth to public institutions, remember 
the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, in whose archives 
a record of his life will be preserved. 


It affords us great pleasure to recognize the increasing intcn t 
manifested by kindred institutions, in this and other states, for 
promotion of historical research. When we reflect upon the short 
period that has transpired since the formation of the first historical 
society in this country, and upon what has already been accomplished 
by such institutions, we surely have cause for gratitude to those who 
laid their foundations. With one exception, all of them have been 
established during the present century. The first was the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, organized January, 1791 ; the second, the 
New- York liistorical Society, established in 1804 ; the third, the 
American Antiquarian Society, established November, 1^12. These 
institutions are widely known for the value of their collections and 
publications, and as the great pioneers in American history. 

Time does not permit me to speak in detail of the labors and 
publications of the large number of state and local societies in this 
country, several of which have accumulated very extensive and valu- 
able collections of historical treasures ; but, as some evidence of the 
increasing interest in collecting and preserving materials for national 
history, I will refer to the principal societies which have been estab- 
lished in New-Eni' land, in addition to the three already named : 


The Essex Historical Society, Salem, Mass., June, 1821. This is now the Essex 
Institute, which was formed in 1848 by the union of that society and the Essex Nat- 
ural History Society. 

The Maine Historical Society, Portland, April, 1822. 

The Rhode Island liistorical Society, Providence, July, 1822. 

The New-Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, May, 1823. 

The Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, incorporated May, 1825. 

The Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier, incorporated November, 1838. 

The Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, Dorchester, Mass., January, 

The Middlebury Historical Society, Middlebury, Yt., November, 1813. 

The New- England Historic, Genealogical Society, Boston, January, 1815. 

The Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton, 1854. 

The Prince Society, Boston, May, 1858. 

The New-Haven Historical Society, New-Haven, Ct., 1862. 

The Old Residents' Historical Association of Lowell, 18G8. 

The New-London County Historical Society, New-London, Ct., October, 1871. 

The Nashua Historical Society, Nashua, N. II., April, 1870. 

During t]ic past year, I had the pleasure of representing this 
society at the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the 
Essex Institute in Salem, on Alarch 5 ; at the semi-centennial of 
the New- Hampshire Historical Society in Concord, May 2:1; at 
tiie bi-ceutennial of the town of Dunstable, N. II., Oct. 27, in 


connection with the Nashua Historical Society ; and at the centennial 
Tea Party, held in Faneuil Hall, Boston, Dec. 10. The proceed- 
ing on these several occasions, and the reports from states and 
kindred associations, evince the growing interest manifested in 
New-England history, and in the genealogy of our people. 

The various centennial celebrations commemorative of the destruc- 
tion of the tea in Boston harbor, in 1773, should have a place in our 
records, not only on account of the influence of that event on the wel- 
fare' of our own country, but for the sake of the principles involved, — 
principles which have contributed to the building up of all governments 
vested in the hands of the people. True, this transaction was not of a 
legal or loyal character, and, while we would not applaud any unne- 
cessary infraction of law, yet there are times that so try men's souls 
that patience ceases to be a virtue. Such was the occasion when 
Samuel Adams uttered those memorable words in the Old South 
Church : r This meeting can do nothing move to save the country." 
And when we look upon this proceeding in t]m clear reflective light 
cf history, can we not see that it was in the direct line of that won- 
der-working Providence which was to make on. nation the pioneer 
of free republics ? And may we not say, they could have done 
nothing better to save the country? And how would these sons 
of freedom have rejoiced, could they have foreseen the influence of 
their acts on the destiny of nations, and the welfare of mankind ! 
Xo other event 'in American history, if w t c except the landing of the 
pilgrims, or the Declaration of Independence, has been fraught with 
such momentous issues, or with such salutary effects on the moral and 
political condition of mankind. From the seed planted on that day 
sprang up the tree of liberty, under whose wide-spreading branches 
we believe the nations of the earth are ultimately to repose in peace 
and safety. 

And here allow me to remind you of the centennial celebration, 
commemorative of the first century of our national existence, which 
is to take place in Philadelphia, in 1876. On this occasioii an 
international exhibition of the industries of all nations will be held, 
which without doubt will surpass in extent and interest anything of 
the kind which has occurred in our age. On this our nation's one 
hundredth birth-day anniversary, she invites the rest of the world to 
participate, and to bring its products into friendly comparison with the 
genius, industry and enterprise of our people. But what is far more im- 


portnnt, she intends to commemorate on this occasion, the triumph . •: 
freedom and justice, on the very spot where our fathers declared " that 
these united colonics arc, and of right ought to he, tree and independ- 
ent states." • In the ceremonies of this national jubilee the whole peo- 
ple arc to unite, and thus, by the record of this event, to transmit t . 
future generations a memorial of the grandest development of na- 
tional prosperity which the world has ever witnessed, — a memorial 
consecrated to the progress of American independence, American 
enterprise, and American civilization. Let me, therefore, urge upon 
you individually and collectively to do what you can to promote the 
success of this noble undertaking. 

And have we ever, my friends, sufficiently appreciated the value 
of American history? History is the revelation of that Divine 
Providence which has for its ultimate end the elevation of the human 
race to the highest degree of usefulness and perfection. "History 
is the great painter, with the world for canvass, and life for a figure."' 
When we consider the brief period of our existence, as compared 
with those nations which have grown grey with centuries, and 
mark the progress of art, science and civilization ; when we con- 
sider the influence of our own country, as seen in its bearings on 
the moral, social and political condition of the world, and in all 
that pertains to the highest interests of mankind, who does not feel 
the importance of treasuring up and perpetuating these precious 
memorials, for the benefit of those who are to follow us. 

When I reflect upon the privileges which wc enjoy in this enlight- 
ened age of discovery and progress, upon the growth of our country, 
its influence and its destiny, my heart throbs with fervent desire 
that my life may be prolonged to sec the further development of 
its greatness : to sec the rich harvest which mankind are to reap 
from the precious seeds sown by our fathers on American soil. How 
amazing our progress ! How stupendous the results ! How benign 
its example on the nations of the earth ! 

Think of the past ages rolling on in their ceaseless course without 
the light of our new civilization, and without the benefit of our free 
institutions, until America stood, as it were, waiting to become the 
herald of civil and religious freedom to the world ! 

Look at the history of the Eastern world. What mean those deep- 
toned mutterings' winch shake it to its very centre? What means this 
yearning- of nations that have groaned and travailed for centuries, as 


manifested by China and Japan, for a higher civilization ? What these 
revolutions and uprisings in France, Spain and other countries, — this 
( verlasting unrest and discontent, — which like the spirit of Banquo will 
jm;i "down/' Why, manifestly the throes of that natural instinct ; 
that inherent spirit of man which demands equality of right and 
equality of opportunity ; that spirit of American liberty which has 
n-one forth and walks at noon-day before the nations of the earth. 
Yes, my friends, that day has already dawned, when the sun of 
righteousness is to illumine all nations, kindred and people, not only 
with the civil freedom which we enjoy, but with the knowledge of that 
freedom which maketh "free indeed." How strikingly has this been 
illustrated by our modern World's Fairs, where the industries of all 
nations were represented in one grand arena of friendly rivalry ; and 
in our Christian Alliances, where men of divers faith and nationality 
confessed themselves as disciples of one Master, God over all ! 

When we compare the past with the present, who can doubt that 
the cause of civil and religious freedom is ultimately to be commen- 
surate with the entire globe? Who that compares our institutions 
of education and science with the past, — the discoveries and inven- 
tions, and the thousand evidences of progressive and higher civili- 
zation, — can doubt that America in the future, as in the past, is to be 
one of the great agents in the hands of God for elevating the condi- 
tion of mankind? When I reilect on the progress of society and the 
inarch of improvement under the salutary influences of her institu- 
tions, my heart overflows with gratitude to the worthy men who 
laid the foundations of those social and benevolent institutions 
which have placed us in the front rank of nations in point of privi- 
lege, progress and power. When I look back to the past history of 
our country, and forward to the future, I am overwhelmed with the 
thought of her rising greatness, and I am inclined to adopt the lan- 
guage of the Rev. Dr. Parker of London, who, confessing his una- 
bated love for old England and her institutions, said, "America is 
more than a continent. In territory, in resources, in possibilities, 
it is little short of a world. America, in my opinion, is on the 
point of laying her hand on the supremacy of the world." Whatever 
views may be entertained by others on this subject, we ought to de- 
voutly acknowledge the goodness of that guiding hand, which has 
preserved and prospered our nation to this time. We ought earnestly 
to desire, too, that the same power will purity, exalt, and preserve us 
for ages to come. 


But what shall wc say of the great future that awaits America ': 
"Who can predict the resistless course of those immutable principle.- 
of justice in the centuries that will follow ? Who can predict wl 
the future influences of this great republic may be, when h.« 
vast unoccupied territory, greater in extent than our present 
etates, shall be opened up for cultivation; when it shall be settled 
with a free, industrious, intelligent and virtuous population ; when 
the school house and the church, the spelling book and the Bible shall 
everywhere be recognized as the primary sources of intellectual and 
moral culture ! 


The annual meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society was held in the Society's House, No. 18 Somerset street, on "Wed- 
nesday, January 7, 187-1, at half-past two o'clock in the afternoon. 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, took the chair. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, recording secretary pro tempore, read the record 
of the proceedings at the previous meeting, which was approved. 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., chairman of the nominating committee chosen 
in November last, reported a list of officers and committees for the year 1874. 

Mr. Tuttle and Gen. Edward W. Ilinks were appointed it committee to 
collect, sort and count the votes, who reported that the above-named list of 
candidates were unanimously elected. 

The lion. Marshall P. Wilder having been reelected president, then 
addressed the society. [The president's address and the list of officers for 
the current year will be found in the preceding pages.] 

The following reports were then submitted : 

Re poet of the Librarian. 

The whole number of bound vol nines in the library, as 

reported last year, was .... 10,408 

Additions during. the year 1873, . . . . 1,036 j 

Whole number of volumes at the present time, . . 11,534 

The number of pamphlets reported last year, . . 34,338 

Additions during the year 1870, . . . 2,404 

Whole number of pamphlets at the present time, . 36,834 

During the last year many valuable donations have been received. Of 
the "Knox Manuscripts," numbering about fourteen thousand, presented by 
Hear Admiral Thatcher, U.S.N., a particular description has been given, this 
afternoon, by the president in his annual address. Other members and friends 
have contributed single manuscripts of great value, and some collections 
have been received, one of which, the " Dunstan Manuscripts," from J. Win- 
gate Thornton, relates to a parish of that name in Scarborough, Maine, and 


numbers over one thousand documents. Admiral Thatcher has also 
seated the original of a view of West Point, of which a single <•<•;, \ I 
been made for the United States Military Academy at that place. [• 
was drawn about the month. of August, 1782, by direction of Gen. 1U>\, 
Knox, by that accomplished engineer, Maj. Peter C. L'Enfant. It n 
sents portions of the Hudson and its surroundings, as well as the plui . 
"West Point, with the few buildings then erected, the various encampin 
of the troops then quartered there and on the opposite shore, with !•'.■ 
Putnam on " the heights," covered by redoubts on the high peaks, in i!.. 
back-ground, Fort Clinton on the low ground near the precipitous river 
bank, as well as the various redoubts thrown up on both sides of the river. 
The value of the drawing can readily be appreciated. 

Special mention should also be made of the very acceptable donation .4 
Henry P. Walling, who has contributed upwards of two hundred maps, 
most of which are those of towns and counties in New-England, some of 
them being quite rare. As these maps indicate the estates and residences 
of individuals, their value, which every decade increases, as aids to re- 
searches into the local history and genealogy of our country, can scarcely 
be over-estimated. Such maps we have hitherto found it difficult to obtain. 
These, added to what were previously in the possession of the society, make 
our collection a remarkably good one. Its deficiencies, it is hoped, will he 
supplied by our members, each of whom is invited to see that all the maps 
of the towns of his nativity or residence re in this collection. 

The Historical and Philosophical Society of Virginia, and the State His- 
torical Societ) r of Wisconsin, have sent to this institution valuable collec- 
tions of books and documents illustrating the history of their several states. 
William P>. Lapham, M.D., has given a similar collection relating to l lie- 
state of Maine ; and the lion. John Boyd, of West Winsted, J. C. Hart, of 
Plainville, and Frank E. Hotchkiss, of New-Haven, have added mate- 
rially to the completeness of our series of historical works upon Connecticut. 
Mr. Boyd has given a complete set of the annual catalogues of Yale Col- 
lege from the commencement of their publication in pamphlet form in 1617 
to 187o, with the exception of a single year, 1826, besides other rare books 
and pamphlets relative to that college. The librarian has endeavored to 
collect as many of the annual and triennial catalogues of the various col- 
leges in the United States as possible, and he has the pleasure of acknow- 
ledging the cooperation of the oilicers of many of these institutions. A com- 
plete set of the annual registers of the United States Military Academy at 
West Point has been presented by Capt. Robert II. Hall, U.S.A. The 
deficiencies in the society's sets of the registers of the United States Navy, 
and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, have been nearly supplied by dona- 
tions fnan Holmes K. Oflley and Rear Adm. John L. Worden, U.S.N. Our 
series of Army Registers is still very imperfect. From the Hon. Silas N. 
Martin, of Wilmington, N. C, Prof. William S. Wvman v of Tuscaloosa, 


\h.. and the Rev. Joseph M. Finotti, of Arlington, Mass., have been re- 

| v ,.iX valuable collections of confederate money. The Rev. Mr. Finotti 

/.., presented specimens of other paper money, both American and Euro- 

, ,|,. Capt. George II. Preble, U.S.N., has presented his collection of 

<•;.. seals and arms of the several states and territories of the Union, 
which fur some years he has been perfecting. He has also given a large 
; jiuting of the Landing of the Pilgrims, by Corne, a marine painter of 
... -an- repute in the early part of this century. 

From the Hon. Ebenezer Jackson, of Middletown, Ct., has been received 
for preservation, a relic of the revolutionary war, being a bullet extracted 
from the person of his grandfather, the brave Gun. Michael Jackson, who 
was wounded, Sept. 2o, 17 70, in the attack on Montressor's Island. His- 
toric and famil} r relics have also been presented by the lion. Samuel A. 
Turner, of South Scituate, Mrs. William Stuart Appleton, of New-York 
rity, Miss D. L. Dix, Hon. Peter Harvey, and others. Mr. Turner's gift 
was a spoon and a pair of shoe buckles of colonial times; Mrs. Appleton's 
was a fragment of the " Star-Spangled Banner " of Fort McIIenry ; Miss 
Dix's was a piece of the Charter Oak; and Mr. Harvey's was a bible used 
in his youth by the Hon. Daniel Webster, and said by his son Fletcher to 
be the first which that eminent statesman ever owned. 

Jonathan Mason, of this city, has presented a copy of the valuable St. 
Memin Collection of portraits, consisting of 7 GO medallion portraits of 
-American men and women, mostly distinguished personages, engraved from 
drawings from life by M. St. Memin during his exile in America between 
1793 and 1814, and faithfully reproduced in photograph. 

James W. Black has presented a series of 49 large photographic views 
of the Burnt District of Boston, which was devastated by the Great Fire 
of November, 1872. 

The Hon. William A. Richardson, Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, 
D. C, has presented photographic copies of the certiheate of deposit and 
the bond for fifteen and a half million dollars, representing the money re- 
ceived for the Alabama claims, also photographic copies of important confede- 
rate documents, besides a number of works issued by his department. The 
Hon. Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, and the Hon. Columbus Delano, 
Secretary of the Interior, have also made important donations. From sev- 
eral of the bureaus in the different Departments of the general government 
oliicial publications have been received ; and from Rear Admiral Charles 
H. Davis, U.S.N., manuscript histories of the steamer Merrimac as an 
bnited States and confederate vessel. 

The largest number of volumes contributed by one person is 2GG, from 
Joseph Warren Tucker, of Boston; and the largest number of pamphlets, 
400, from Mrs. Edward A. Newton, of Pittsfield. Mr. Tucker's donation 
comprised nearly a complete set of the public documents of the city of Rox- 
bury, besides the directories and publications of many other cities. Mrs. 


Newton's gift contained some rare historical works. The late Nath 
Curtis, whose sad fate is fresh in the memory of us all, and the h.-i; 
of the Rev. Joseph Allen, D.D., also made valuable contributions to 
library. The Hon. Joseph B. F. Osgood, a nephew of the Rev. J, 
Barlow Felt, LL.D., the second president of this society, has nearly c >i • 
pleted for us a set of Ids uncle's publications. 

One book has been dedicated to the society and one medal has b< imi 
struck in its honor during the year. I believe these are both first instance -. 
The book is by our respected member, the Rev. Joseph M. Finotti, . : 
Arlington, and is entitled " Bibliotheca Catholica Americana." The medai 
is one of the " Memorial Series " of Mr. Wood, of New- York. It com- 
memorates this and a kindred society. It is thus described in the "Ameri- 
can Journal of Numismatics:" " Obverse: Within two circles, a fac-siuiilc 
of the seal of the Boston Numismatic, Society [on which is represented the 
rare New-England Three-pence, a Pine Tree, the early symbol of Massa- 
chusetts, and three hills, representing those on which Boston was built: 
Fort Hill, Beacon Hill and Copp's Hill, and, Instituted I860.] On the 
outer circle, " Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant, 1878 ;" on the inner, " Boston 
Numismatic Society. Incorporated 1870." Reverse: Fac-simile of the 
Seal of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, — a Shield on 
which is a Pine Tree, representing New-England, surrounded by a belt 
bearing the motto, "InMemoriam Majorum ;" at the sides, " Inc. 18-1-3 ;" 
above, a hand issuing from the clouds holding a volume of Records ; the 
whole encircled by the name of the society. On the outer edge, " Twin 
Delvers in the Garden of History;" below, " (Isaac F. Wood's Memorial 

The length which this report has already reached, will prevent oilier 
donors- and gifts from being mentioned specially, though many of them are 
deserving of it. It may, however, be safely asserted that the donations re- 
ceived the last year will compare favorably in value with those of previous 
years. A list is appended. John Ward Dean, 


Names of Donors of Books, Pamphlets, etc., during the Year 


The Hon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. Boston, Mass., 

The Rev. Solon Albee, A.M., Middlebury, Vt., 

George II. Allan, New- York, N. Y., 

The lion. Stephen Minot Allen, Boston, Mass., 

Willard Spencer Allen, East Boston, Mass., 1 

The Rev. Joseph Allen, D.D., the heirs of, Northboro', Mass., 7 

The American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass., 1 

The American College of Heraldry, New-York, N. Y., 9 

The American News Company, New-York, N. Y., 12 









Bound Pamph 
vols. lets. 

William Sumner Appleton, A.M., 

| ••;•;> Walker Bacon, 
|! vid M. Balfour, 
> :ru r . General Joseph K. Barnes, 
li .moo Granville Barrows, M.D., 
,1 ,» pli Whitney Bars tow, M.D., 
Samuel Bassett, 
Annuel Bute holder, 
Philip Battell, A.M. 

j he Hon. Lucius Manlius Boltwood, A.B. 
Alfred Booth, 
The City of Boston, 
The Boston Numismatic Society, 
Lc Baron Botsford, M.D., 
Leonard Crocker Bowles, 
The Hon. John Boyd, xY.B., 
John Merrill Bradbury, 
The Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, A.M., 
William-G ray B rooks , 
The Rev. William Henry Brooks, D.D., 
John Coffin Jones Brown, 
'Joseph 0. Brown, 

The Hon. Win. A. Buckingham, LL.D., 
Samuel Burnham, A.M., 
Lewis W . Burnham, 
Edwin W. Buswell, 
Cornelius Soule Cartee, A.M., 
The Chicago Public Library, 
George W. Chi Ids, 
David Clapp, 
James B. Clapp, 
William Smith Clark., A.M., 
The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., 
Robert Clarke, 

Xehemiah Cleaveland, LL.D., 
1 h-nry II. Clements, 
Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
Deloraine Prendre Corey, 
The Rev. William Mason Cornell, M.D. 

D.D., LL.D., 
Crocker & Brewster, 
Nathaniel Curtis, A.M., 
The Rev. Samuel Cutler, 
Abram Edwards Cutter, 
Charles II. S. Davis, M.D. , 
The Hon. Edward Swain Davis, 
The Rev. George Edward Day, D.D., 
Jeremiah Dean, 
John Ward Dean, A.M., 
Charles Beane, LL.D., 

Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 

Washington, D. C, 


Boston, Mass., 


Flushing, N. Y. 


Chelsea, Mass., 


Cambridge, Mass., 



Middlebury, Vt., ' 


Hartford, Ct., 


Springfield, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


St. John, N.B., * 


Boston, Mass., 


West Winsted, Ct., 



Ipswich, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Hanover, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


New- York, N. Y., 


Washington, D. C, 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Charlestown, Mass., 


Chicago, 111., 


Philadelphia, Penn., 



Boston, Mass., 



Boston, Mass., 


Amherst, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Cincinnati, Ohio, 


Westport, Ct,, 


New- York, N. Y., 


Boston, Mass., 



Maiden, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 



Boston, Mass., 



Charlestown, Mass., 



Meriden, Ct. 


Lynn, Mass., 



Hartford, Ct., 


Boston, Mass., 



Boston, Mass., 



Cambridge, Mass., 



•n Grant Deblois, 

The llcv. Benjamin Franklin DeCosta, 

The Hon. Columbus Delano, 

The Delaware Historical Society, 

.Mrs. Harriet A. Do Sails, 

Franklin Bowditch Dexter, A.M., 

John II. Dexter, 

MissD. L. Dix, 

Patrick Dona hoe, 

Samuel Adams Drake, 

Dean Dudley, 

Daniel Steele Durrie, 

Flnathan F. Durrie, 

The lion. John Eaton, * 

Henry Edwards, 

The Essex Institute, 

Co!. Frank M. Etting, 

Thomas W. Field, 

The Ilev. Joseph M. Finotti, 

The lion. Hamilton Fish, LL.D., 

George Fisher, 

Capt. Lucius Floyd, 

The Hon. Samuel Alfred Foot, LL.D., 

Capt. Robert Dennett Forbes, 

Charles D. Forestall, 

J. Smith F u they, 

Wendell Phillips Garrison, A.B., 

The Georgia Historical Society, 

Oliver Gerrish, 

Elbridge Henry Goss, 

The Hon. William Gould, 

Arthur C. Gould, 

Sylvester C. Gould, 

Samuel Abbott Green, M.D., 

Miss Sarah A. Green, 

Reuben Aldridge Guild, A.M., 

The Rev. Charles P. Hale, 

The Hon. Samuel Holden Parsons Hall, 

Capt. Robert H. Hall, U.S.A., 

Miss G. Haliburton, 

John R. Ham, M.D., 

J. C. Hart, 

Samuel Hart, 

Charles Henry Hart, 

Edward Doubleday Harris, 

Joseph Harridan, Jr., 

Harvard University, 

The Hon. Peter Harvey, 

David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., 

L. Ilayden, 


Boston, Mass., 
New-York, N. Y., 
Washington, D. C. 
Wilmington, Del., 
London, Eng., 
New-Haven, Ct., 
Boston, Mass., 
Trenton, X. J. , 
Boston, Mass., 
Melrose, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Madison, Wis., 


i . 












Bangor, Me., 



Washington, D. C, 



Boston, Mass., 



Salem, Mass., 


Philadelphia, Perm., 


Brooklyn, L. I., 






Washington, D. C, 



Boston, Mass., 



Winthrop, Mass., 


Geneva, X. Y r ., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


West Chester, Pa., 


New York, N. Y., 




Savannah, Ga., 


Portland, Me., 


Melrose, Mass., 


Windham, Me., 


Boston, Mass., 



Manchester, N. II., 




Boston, Mass., 




Newbury port, Mass., 




Providence, R. I., 



Auburn, X. Y., 


Binghamton, N. Y., 


West Point, X. Y r ., 


Boston, Mass., 




Dover, N. II., 



Plainville, Ct., 



Hartford, Ct., 


Philadelphia, Penn., 


Saratoga, X. Y., 


Philadelphia, Penn., 


Cambridge, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Washington, D, C, 



,i .1,1, Lord Hayes, A.M., Boston, Mass., 

. , K, v. Heury A. Hazen, Pittsfield, N. JI., 

. M m. J. E. Hilgard, Washington, 1). C, 

I"i;i IIi>torical and Philosophical Society 

ol Ohio, Cincinnati, Ohio, 

lite Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Perm., 
. ' •• Historical and Philosophical Society 

of Virginia, 
Charles Jeremy lloadly, A.M., 
I- me Smith llomans, 
Ili-nry Augustus Homes, A.M., 
flic Hon. Samuel Hooper, A.M., 
Frank E. Hotchkiss, 
Albert Harrison Iloyt, A.M., 
Luther Prescott Hubbard, 
Brig. Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys, Chief 

vi' Engineers, U.S.A., 
James Frothingham Hunnewcll, • 
Prof. Chester Huntington, A.M., 
The Rev. Elijah 13. Huntington, A.M., 
Daniel Thomas V. Huntoon, 
The Indiana Asbury University, 
Edward Jarvis, M.D., 
Frederic Kidder, 
Bradford Kingman, 
Lafayette College, 
I nomas Lamb, 
Thomas W. Lane, 
William Berry Lapham, M.D., 
The Rev. George A. Latimer, 
Heorge A. Leavitt & Co., 
The Rev. Samuel Lee, 
John W. M. Lee, 
Joseph Leeds, 
The Rev. George Leonard, A.M., 

Richmond, Ya., 

Hartford, Ct., 
New- York, N. Y., 
Albany, N. Y., 
Boston, Mass., 
New-Haven, Ct., 
Boston, Mass., 
Greenwich, Ct., 

Washington, D. C, 
Chariestown, Mass. , 
Clinton, N. Y., 
Stamford, Ct., 
Canton, Mass., 
Newcastle, Ind., 
Boston, Mass., 
Melrose, Mass.., 
Brookline, Mass., 
Easton, Penn., 
Boston, Mass., 
Manchester, N. II., 
Augusta, Me., 
Wilmington, Del., 
New- York, N. Y., 
New-Ipswich, N. II. , 
Baltimore, Md., 
Philadelphia, Penn., 
East Marshfield, Mass. 

The lion. Fred'k Walker Lincoln, A.M., Boston, Mass., 

The Hon. Solomon Liucoln, A.M., 

David Philip Lindsley, 

J. B. Lippincott & Co., 

Prof. Joseph Lovering, A.M., 

Luther Rawson Marsh, 

The Hon. Silas Nelson Martin, 

Charles Martin, M.D.. U.S.N. , 

William Theophilus 11. Marvin, A.M. 

Robert Means Mason, 

Jonathan Mason, 

The Massachusetts Board of Health, 

The Massachusetts Historical Society, 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Boston, Mass. 

The Massachusetts Soc. of the Cincinnati, Boston, Mass. 

Ilingham. Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Philadelphia, Penn.. 
Cambridge, Mass., 
New-York, N. Y., 
Wilmington, N. C, 
Cambridge, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 


































William Gordon Means, 

The Rev. James Howard Means, A.M., 

The Hon. Theron Metcalf, LL.D., 

The Minnesota Historical Society, 

Henry Mitchell, 

Williarn Henry Montague, 

George Henry Moore, LL.D., 

Jonathan Fiske Moore, 

0. W. Morris, 

The Hon. Edward Strong Moseley, A.M., 

George Mountfort, 

Alfred Mudge, 

Eugene II. Munday, 

Joel Munsell, 

Edward W. Nash, 

The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., 

The New-Hampshire Historical Society, 

The New- Jersey Historical Society, 

The New- York Genealogical and Biogra 

phical Society, 
The New-York Historical Society, 
The New- York Observer, 
The New- York State Library, 
Mrs. Edward A. Newton, 
The North Church and Society, 
Norwich University, 
Cyrus Nowell, 
Oberlin College, 
Holmes E. Ollley , Chief Clerk of the Navy 

Gen. Henry Keinble Oliver, A.M., 
Henry Onderdonk, 

The Hon. Joseph Barlow Felt Osgood, 
The Rev. Lucius Robinson Paige, D.D., 
George Taylor Paine, 
Nathaniel Paine, 
The Paient Right Association, 
Prof. Jonathan Pearson, A.M., 
Thomas E. B. Pegues, 
Gen. Ebenezer Weaver Peirce, 
Augustus Thorndike Perkins, A.M., 
Amos Perry, 

The Rev. William Stevens Perry, D.D., 
William Frederick Poole, A.M., 
Major Ben. Porley Poore, 
Asa Potter, 

Capt. George Henry Preble, U.S.N. , 
The Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott, M.D., 
Thomas Prince, 
The Public Library of the City of Boston, 




Boston, Mass., 


Dorchester, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


St. Paul, Minn., 



Boston, Mass. j 


Boston, Mass., 


New-York, N. Y., 



Boston, Mass., 


New-York, N. Y., 


Newburyport, Mass., 



Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Philadelphia, Peun., 


Albany, N. Y., 



New- York, N. Y., 


North Billerica, Mass., 



Concord , N. H. , 


Newark, N. J., 


New-York, N. Y., 
New- York, N. Y\, 
New-York, N. Y., 
New-York, N. Y., 
Pittsfield, Mass., 
Salem, Mass., 
Northfield, Yt., 
Portland, Me., 
Oberlin, Ohio, 

Washington, D. C, 
Salem, Mass., 
Jamaica, N. Y., 
Salem, Mass., 
Cambridge, Mass., 
Providence, R. I., 
Worcester, Mass., 
New- York, N. Y., 
Schenectady, N. Y., 
Oxford, Miss., 
Freetown, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Providence, R. I., 
Geneva, N. Y'., 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Washington, D.C., 
Boston, Mass., 
Charlestown, Mass., 
Concord, N. II., 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 















KdwardR. Purple, 

Samuel S. Purple, M.B., 

The Kev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D., 

]». Kavenel, Jr., 

The Register Club, 

The Republic, 

The Rhode Island Historical Society, 

The Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., 

The Rev. Henry J. Richardson, 

'1 he Rev. Chandler Robbing, D.D., 

The II on . G eorge Maxw ell Robeson , A . M . , 

Ilosea Robinson, 

The Robinson Female Seminary, 

The lion. John Rodman Rollins, 

The Royal Historical Society, 

The Rev. Moses Thurston Runnels, A.M., 

John Brooks Russell, 

Daniel Waldo Salisbury, 

Alfred Sandham, 

Edward H. Savage, 

Thomas E. Sawin, 

The Rev. David Sherman, D.J)., 

The Rev. Edmund Farwell Slafter, A.M., 

Lloyd P. Smith, 

Prof. Eugene A. Smith, Ph. D., 

Charles Perrin Smith, 

Samuel Smith, 

The Smithsonian Institution, 

The Society of Antiquaries, 

St. Andrew's Lodge, 

Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, 

S. E. Staples, 

The State of Massachusetts, 

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 

The State Historical Society of Iowa, 

Charles A. Stearns", 

James Aaron Stetson, M.D., 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone, 

The Rev. John S. Sumner, S. J., 

George Winslow Thatcher, 

The Rev. Win. Makepeace Thayer, A.B., 

The Rev. James B. Thornton, 

John Wingate Thornton, A.M., 

Frederick W. Tilton, 

The Rev. Charles II. Titus, 

Lieut. Edward II. Totten, U.S.A., 

Brig. Gen. Edward D. Townsend, U.S.X. 

Henry Elmer Townsend, M.I)., 

William Blake Trask, 

The Trustees of Hingham Library, 

New-York, N. Y., 




New-York, N. Y., 


New Bedford, Mass., 


Charleston, S. C, 


Boston, Mass., 



Washington, D. C, 


Providence, R. I., 


Washington, D. C, 



Lincoln, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 



Washington, D. C, 


Portland, Me., 


Exeter, N. 11., 


Lawrence, Mass., 


London, England,, 


Sanborn ton, N. II., 



Washington, D.C., 



Boston, Mass., 



Montreal, CAY., 



Boston, Mass., 


Wendell, Mass., 



Maiden, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Philadelphia, Penn., 


Tuscaloosa, Ala., 


Trenton, N. J., 


Worcester, Mass., 

Washington, 1). C, 

London, England, 


Boston, Mass., 

Trenton, N. J., 

Worcester, Mass., 


Madison, Wis., 



Iowa City, Iowa, 
Boston, Mass., 
Quincy, Mass., 
Providence, R. I., 
Georgetown, D. C , 
New-York, N. Y., 
Franklin, Mass., 
Oak Hill, Me., 
Boston, Mass , 
Andover, Mass., 
Boston, Mass , 
West Point, N. Y., 
Washington, I). C, 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Hingham, Mass., 












Boston, Mass., 
Medford, Mass., 
South Scituate, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Crawfordville, Ind., 
Rochester, N. Y., 
University of Virginia P. 0. 
Washington, D. C, 
Worcester, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 
Montpelier, Vt., 
Winchester, Mass., 
Washington, D. C, 
Newton, Mass., 
Charlestown , Mass., • 
Boston, Mass., 
Boston, Mass., 






Joseph Warren Tucker, 

Tufts College, 

The Hon. Samuel Adams Turner, 

Charles Wesley Tuttle, A.M., 

The Rev. Joseph Farrand Tuttle, D.D., 

The University of Rochester, 

The University of Virginia, 

The United States Patent Office, 

Roger F. Up ham, 

The Hon, George Bruce Upton, 

Vermont State Library, 

The Rev. John Adams Vinton, A.M., 

Gen. Francis Amasa Walker, A.M., 

The Rev. Israel Perkins Warren, D.D., 

The Hon. G. Washington Warren, A.M. 

Mrs. James Sullivan Warren, 

Thomas Waterman, 

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Waterman 

Henry Fitz Gilbert Waters, A.B., 

The Rev. John Lee Watson, D.D., 

The Rev. Edward H. Welch, S. J., 

Miss C. Q. Wendell, 

The Western Reserve College, 

A. S. Wheeler, 

Mrs. Lydia R. Whiting, 

The Rev. Frederick A. Whitney, A.M., 

William Henry Whitmore, A.M., 

Daniel Bodwell Whittier, 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, 

Alexander Williams, 

The Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.l)., 

Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 

Joseph E. Woods, 

Rear-Admiral John L. Worden, U.S.N. 

Prof. Theophilus A. Wylie, A.M., 

The lion. Thomas H. Wynne, 

The Hon. Edward Young, 

John L. Alexander, Boston, 1 manuscript, ISO I, with stamp. 

The Rev. Joseph Allen, D.D., Xorthborough, heirs of, 4 manuscripts. 

Mrs. Frances A. A. Appleton, Rending, 1 framed photograph. 

William Appleton, Boston, 1 tabular pedigree. 

Mrs. William Stuart Appleton, New-York, N. Y., 1 relic ; 1 photograph. 

Joseph Ballard, Boston, 1 file of newspapers. 

John M. Bancroft, New-York, N. Y., I manuscript. 

Samuel Batehelder, Cambridge, 12 broadsides ; 30 newspapers. 

James Wallace Black, Boston, 4!) photographs. 

Mrs. John M. Bradbury, Ipswich, 1 relic. 

Otis Clapp, Boston, the ballots which elected the Hon. Charles Sumner to the 

United States Senate in 1851. 
Thomas A. Clark, Worcester, 1 framed photograph. 

Sandvvich, Mass., 



Salem, Mass., 



Orange, N. J., 


Boston, Mass., 


Portsmouth, N. 11., 


Hudson, Ohio, 


Brooklyn, N. Y., 



Boston, Mass., 


Brighton, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 


Boston, Mass., 



Boston, Mass., 


Boston, ? lass., 



Cambridge, Mass., 



East Boston, Mass., , 


Annapolis, Md., 


Bloomington, Ind., 



Richmond, Va., 



Washington, D. C, 



,! rvmiali Colburn, A.M., 1 broadside. 

|».uiiul Clement Colesworthy, Boston, 1 map. 

I'rlel Crocker, Boston, 1 photograph. 

v ithaniel Curtis, A.M., 1 map. 

\'„ njaiuin B. Davis. Brookline, 1 piece sheet music. 

i:,,;r Admiral Charles Henry Davis, U.S.N. , Washington, D. C, 2 manuscripts. 

< ij»t. Elias E. Davison and William S. Giidden, Boston, 1 piece ancient sculpture. 

II, i ; rv IJarton Dawson, 8 proclamations, etc. 

jho Delaware Historical Society, Wilmington, Del., 1 engraving. 

Miss D. L. Dix, Trenton, N. J., 1 piece of Charter Oak ; 1 photograph ; 1 broad- 
bide ; 1 newspaper. 

John J. Dixwell, Jamaica Plain, 3 photographs. 

Harrison Ellery, Boston, 1 engraved portrait, framed. 

Oil. Frank M. Etting, Philadelphia, 1 broadside. 

The Hun. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., Boston, 1 manuscript. 

The Rev. Joseph M. Finotti, Arlington, 17 confederate bills ; 9 specimens of Cana- 
dian, llaytien and other paper money ; 2 specimens. 

Arthur B. French, Boston, 1 tabular pedigree. 

C. M. Gale, Concord, X. II., 1 specimen of China printing ; 2 newspapers. 

Gray and Danforth, Boston,- iiles of New-York and Boston newspapers. 

Miss Sarah A. Green, Newbury port, 1 portrait, framed. 

Curtis Guild, Boston, 1 file newspapers. 

Miss G. Haliburton, Boston, 2 manuscripts ; 2 photographs ; 1 collection of news- 
paper cuttings. 

J. C. Hart, Plainville, Conn., 1 manuscript. 

Frank E. Hotehkiss, New-Haven, Conn., 1 map. 

Miss Rebecca B. Howe, Boston, 1 manuscript. 

Albert Harrison Hoyt, A.M., Boston, 1 engraving. 

John Codman Ilurd, Boston, 4 tabular pedigrees ; 5 manuscripts ; 1 drawing ; 
5 Hungarian bonds. 

The Hon. Ebenezer Jackson, Middletown, Conn., 1 revolutionary relic. 

Frederic Kidder, Melrose, 1 map. 

George C. Longlcy, Maitland, Ontario, Canada, 2 early newspapers. 

Charles Martin, M.D., U.S.N. , Cambridge, 2 newspapers. 

The Hon. Silas Nelson Martin, Wilmington, N. C., 1069 confederate bills. 

The Rev. C. M'Cready, West Rathgar, near Dublin, Ireland, 1 tabular pedigree. 

The Hon. Edward Strong Moseley, A.M., Newburyport, 1 ancient tabular pedigree. 

John B. Newcomb, Elgin, Illinois, 2 colonial bills. 

Charles E. Noyes, Boston, 3 continental bills. 

William John Potts, Camden, X. J., 1 manuscript. 

E. Pierce, Boston, 1 map. 

Capt. George Henry Preble, U.S.N. , Boston, 1 painting, Corne's Landing of the 
Pilgrims ; 2 framed photographs ; 5 photographs ; 1G broadsides. 

The Hon. William Adams Richardson, LL.D., Washington, D. C, 4 photographs. 

Thomas E. Sawin, Wendell, the Sawin Manuscripts; 1 circular ; 2 photographs. 

Clifford Stanley Sims, Prescott, Canada, 1 tabular pedigree. 

Albert J. Smith, Boston, 2 files of newspapers containing Frye's Reminiscences of 
Old Boston. 

Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, U.S.N. , Winchester, Mass., the Manuscripts 
of Gen. Henry Knox ; 1 original drawing of West Point, 1782. 

John Wingate Thornton, A.M., Boston, the Dunstan Manuscripts (1172) ; 1 
manuscript ; 2 maps ; 1 broadside. 

William Blake Trask, Boston, 7 newspapers. 


Joseph Warren Tucker, Boston, 1 map; 1 computing telegraph . 
The Hon. Samuel Adams Tucker, South Scituate, 09 manuscripts ; 2 col 
The Rev. Eugene Vetromile, D.D., Eastport, Me., 1 Indian almanac. 
Prof. William S. Wyman, A.M., Tuscaloosa, Ala., 33 confederate bills ; 

rate postage stumps ; 3 confederate bills. 
Henry F. Walling, Cambridge, 205 maps. 
Charles C. P. Waterman, Sandwich, 1 chart. 
Henry F. Waters, Salem, 1 manuscript with armorial seals. 
Daniel Bodwell Whitticr, Boston, 1 illuminated lithograph pedigree, fa- 
Isaac F. AVood, New-York city, 2 medals. 

jnial relic 
•10 confc-di 


Report of the Committee ox tiie Library. 

The annual report of the committee on the library lias again an excellenl 
preface in that presented by the librarian, in which may be found full 
details of acquisitions made during the past year, which, if less numerous 
than those in the year preceding, equal them in value. The development 
of the collection of books, pamphlets and other materials, has been, as 
usual, not rapid but satisfactory and encouraging, and, at the same time, 
calls for continued remarks that can, indeed, never become inappropriate- 
Constant and even increased effort is needed in gathering and arranging 
the printed matter necessary for the success and usefulness of this instil u- 
tion, — one that will grow more indispensable as its stores increase. In such 
effort we have simply to keep in mind that this library is nut one for tin- 
circulation of general literature. It is and should be much more, — a 
great dictionary for reference in all matters of New-England's local 
history, both public and private, and concerning the lives of any of New- 
England's people. As in any dictionary that we consult, omissions and 
imperfections seriously impair its value, and fulness, especially on minor 
points, increases its usefulness, so especial 1 / is it the case with this library 
in which information is sought on very many subjects little, known and 
difficult of illustration or definition. 

. ^Ve need here, — not to gratify bibliomania, but to serve real use, — all at- 
tainable record of public affairs in every town of the six states; every 
genealogy or biography, it matters not how small; every report, address, 
sermon, or obituary. In the acquisition of these is a difficulty, but not a 
great one if well met. The society, as a body, may not overcome it, but mem- 
bers who are now scattered through nearly all these towms can accomplish a 
great deal of good service. Some remark of this sort may have been made 
before in these reports, but there may be excuse for even a repeated request 
if members will not ascertain how the historical materials of their native 
or adopted towns or cities are represented here, and how these materials 
can be rendered complete. The lapse of each decade renders such service 
less easy. The high price of paper stock during the war caused the de- 
struction of a great many pamphlets regarded as of little historical value. 


i:, 1 estimated, singly, this may have been true), but which, in supplying de- 
5 l.-jcies in this library, would have proved themselves worth far more than 
■ '. ir owners realized. 

A suir^estion has been made that members may, according to taste or 
, tsiveiiience, collect for the ultimate use of this society, not only town or 
,-if\ publications, but almanacs of different sorts, or any minor works that 
Hi- •lively and complete become of available value; and especially that all 
members be asked to collect the brief biographical sketches, obituaries, pri- 
vate memorials and other pieces of personal history that appear in our 
different newspapers or publications, or among families. 

It is also proposed that the society might, — I could say should, — provide 
scrap-books, so called, in which unbound materials thus collected might be 
-■■cured. If duplicate of the materials could be had, one series of these 
books might hold its contents arranged in chronological order, and a second 
in alphabetical order. It will readily occur to every one that during a 
single year the scattered local publications in New-England contain a large 
amount of biographical matter relating to esteemed persons that seldom 
appears in any other form, that can most readily be secured by persons in 
whose neighborhood it is issued, and that collectively will be here of great 
value. The department of biography in this library is already of fair pro- 
portions, but it requires great development, and the mode that has been 
indicated may secure no unimportant part of the desired result. And the 
object is too worthy to be neglected : it is not to gain means for gratifying 
mere curiosity, but to preserve, as is difficult in other ways to preserve, a 
record of lives and life-work of which the memory should not die. There is a 
common saying,- worth occasional thought, that those who affect to consider 
an ancestry of little value, are quite likely to prove themselves persons 
whom posterity will have small reason to remember. And there is some- 
where a blessing pronounced for those who cherish the m.mes and the good 
report of those who have been dear. 

At the last annual meeting some remarks were offered relating to the 
department of British genealogy and topograph}", and the great increase 
that it needs. Little change has occurred since that time. 

During each year in the history of the society, its members have pro- 
duced valuable works. During 1673 many gifts of such works have been 
made to the library. Among them are the " Bibliographia Catholiea Ameri- 
cana," by the Rev. J. M. Finotti ; " The Symmes Memorial," by the Rev. 
J. A. Vinton ; "A Sketch of the Life and a List of some of the Works of 
John Singleton Copley," by Mr. A. T. Perkins ; " Contributions for the 
Genealogies of the Descendants of the First Settlers of the Patent and 
City of Schenectady, from 16G2 to 1800," by Prof. J. Pearson; "The 
Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, 1 7:20-1730," by Mr. C. J. 
lloadly; The "Appleton Genealogy," and "Description of Medals of 
Washington " in the author's collection, by Mr. W. S. Appleton; "Life- 


Boats, Projectiles, and other means for Saving Life," by Capt. R. B. Fun,, 
'• Historic Sketches" of Old Colony towns, by Gen. E. W. Peirce ; - 1! - 
torical Sketches of Towns in Plymouth and Barnstable Counties, Ma- -..'" 
by Mr. Dean Dudley; "Memoirs of the Marstons of Salem," etc., 1>\ i 
Rev. J. L. Watson, D.D. ; "Notice of the Library of the American Antigua- 
rian Society," by Mr. Nathaniel Paine; "Address at the Dedication of ;\. 
Town Hall, Brookline, Mass.," by the Hon. Robert C. YVmthrop ; "Gen. 
Washington's Head-Quarters at Cambridge," by Mr. Charles Deane ;" Anni- 
versary Sermon," July, 1S7-J, by the Rev. James II. Means, Dorchester; 
" Relation of Virginia," by Henry Spelman, 1 GO'. 1 , from Mr. James F. Ilunnc- 
well ; ; * Gazetteer of Massachusetts," by the Rev. E. Nason ; " Historic Fields 
and Mansions of Middlesex," by Mr. Samuel A. Drake; " History of tlie 
Montreal Young Men's Christian Association," by Mr. Alfred Sandham ; 
" Address at the Quarter Centennial Celebration of the American Pomo- 
togical Society," by the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder; "An Essay on the 
Origin of the Names of Towns in Massachusetts," " Record of the Descen- 
dants of Andrew Belcher," and the " Dalton and Batcheller Pedigree," by 
Mr. William 11. Whitmore ; " The Work of the Spirit," by the Rev. Samuel 
Cutler ; the " Lapham Family Register." by William B. Lapham, M.D. ; 
" Claiborne's Rebellion," by Stephen M. Allen, Esq.; "Sketch of the Life of 
the Rev. Thomas Bradbury Chandler, D.D.," by Col. Albert II. Hoyt ; the 
" Burning of Falmouth, Me.," by the Hon. William Goold ; " Sketch of the 
Life of John II. Sheppard," by Mr. John Ward Dean; " The Alchemy of 
Happiness of Mohammed al Ghazzali " [a translation], and "The "Water 
Supply of Constantinople," by Mr. Henry A. Homes. 

During l87o several members have presented works published by them 
in previous years, among whom are Mr. Francis W. Bacon, Dr. C. II. S. 
Davis; Capt. G. II. Preble, U.S.X., the Rev. W. M. Cornell LL.D., the 
Rev. B. F. De Costa, the Rev. J. F. Tuttle. D.D., the Rev. W. M. Thayer, 
and the Rev. E. B. Huntington. Besides the works mentioned above, 
members of the society have contributed many articles to the Register. 

Sufficient evidence has been given of the activity, variety and value of 
the labors of members, and of the additions they have made to the library 
and publications of the society, showing that the society, as a body, is doing its 
share towards the increase of historical literature of different sorts. Members 
and others can find full and good use for the library in its greatest possible 
development ; and let that be promoted by the best ability of every one. 
There are many valuable collections of books in New-England, and this 
one around us is by no means least in its deserts ; and there are many so- 
cieties to form and to use the collections, and scope and opportunity exist 
for each. 

Jas. F. Hunnewell, 

for tlie Committee. 



Report of the Committee on Publication. 

In accordance with a vote of the society the committee caused the pro- 
, - liii^s of the last annual meeting to he printed and distributed. Two 
« iitions, numbering in the aggregate two thousand copies, were required to 
;::■•• i the demand. It is believed that a general distribution of this pamphlet 
;. attended with benefit to the society. And in this connection it may be 
worthy of consideration, whether the value and influence of this annual pub- 
lication would not be enhanced by an appendix containing a synopsis, at 
least, of the proceedings at our monthly meetings for the next preceding 
year. This could be done at a trifling additional cost. 

It is thought proper to ask the society to consider also the advantages and 
practicability of issuing an annual volume to contain the proceedings of the 
t iciety in full: that is, to include all the papers and essays, the remarks 
or discussions elicited by them, and the biographical sketches and more ex- 
tended memoirs of deceased members. 13 y this means we should be able to 
bring this class of valuable matter into a more compact and accessible shape 
than it can be when, as now, it is dispersed through the pages of the llis- 
tokicalaxd Genealogical Registee, where for want of room it is usu- 
ally much abbreviated, and its publication often greatly delayed. 

The Register 1 has been issued regularly during the past year, and, so far 
as the committee can judge, is fulfilling the promises made to the public when 
it was first established, in 1847. For the information of such as are not ac- 
quainted with this publication, we append a statement of its plan and scope 
in the language of our current prospectus. 

The design of the work is to gather up and place in a permanent form the 
scattered and decaying records of the domestic, civil, literary, religious and 
political life of the people of the United States, and particularly of New- 
England; to rescue from oblivion the illustrious deeds ana virtues of our 
ancestors; to perpetuate their honored names, and to trace out and preserve 
the genealogy and" pedigree of their families. To this end the Register 
contains: — 

1. Biographies, accompanied with steel engravings, of distinguished men. 

-• Genealogies of American families. 

3. Transcriptions of important papers from church, town, county, and court 

records; deeds, writs, wills, ecc. 
•1. Historical memoranda, as from interleaved almanacs, family Bibles, old 

account books, &c. 

•'. Inscriptions from ancient burial places, and from ancient coins. 
'•• Bibliography; especially of rare American books, pamphlets, ser- 
mons, &e. 

'This periodical is published quarterly, under the direction of the New-England His- 
toric, Genealogical Society, at No. 15 Somerset Street, Boston, on the iiirit day of January, 
April, JltIv and October, at #3 per annum in advance. 


7. Heraldry: a record of the armorial bearings used by American fain 

at an early date. 

8. Old ballads and poems, with illustrative notes. 

9. Ancient private journals and letters throwing light upon Amorl- . 


10. Notices of new historical works, and others upon kindred and suhsMi 


11. Current events in the country; centennial celebrations, &c. 

12. Proceedings of historical and other learned societies. 

13. Necrology of members of the New-England Historic, Genealojj 


14. Notes and queries respecting curious historical and antiquarian <j 

tions, old buildings, music, costumes, coins, autographs, &c. 

15. Obituary notices. 

The whole contains an original and varied mass of information, histori- 
cal, archaeological, genealogical and aesthetic, invaluable to the student of hi • 
tory, the man of letters, and the lover of his country and of the honored 
names of those who founded it. A carefully prepared, index of names and 
subjects accompanies every volume. 

Although the Register has but just entered upon its twenty-eighth year, 
it is believed to be the oldest historical and genealogical magazine in the 
world. Since it was begun several other publications of a kindred character 
have been instituted. Of these, three are published in the United States, 
but outside of New-England. They are conducted with ability, and each 
in its chosen sphere is doing an important and useful work. Their institu- 
tion and continuance furnish gratifying evidence of a growing public taste 
for and interest in publications of this class. It is to be hoped that they 
will be sustained. 

Naturally and reasonably enough, however, we feel a deeper interest in 
the Historical and Genealogical Register than in any other periodical of its 
class, — not only for what it has accomolishecl, but for what, if properly 
managed and generously fostered, it may become in the future. It has 
passed the period of experiment and is permanently established. It has 
been the means of bringing together many important historical documents, 
a large mass of genealogical matter, and a multitude of interesting and 
valuable facts in the history of this country. For the last six years its size 
has been swelled by extra pages, to the extent sometimes of fifty or more in 
a volume above the number promised to subscribers; yet we find we make 
scarcely any appreciable inroad upon the excellent material, original or 
compiled, always at hand. 

So far the Register has been chiefly devoted to the history of New-Eng- 
land and the genealogy of families of New-England origin ; but it has al»> 
published many articles embracing portions of the history of other parts of 
the Union, that have never before been printed. All such contributions are 
gladly welcomed. 


F.riorts have been made, and with a fair degree of success, to improve the 

' mical appearance of the Register. In this the committee have had 

: , cordial cooperation of our excellent printers, Messrs. David Clapp & 

S ■ i . 

I he first number of the current volume, now being distributed, will be 
: md "really improved in dress over any former issue. It is printed in 
. w, and, fur the most part, larger type, and on a superior quality of paper. 
i in price to subscribers remains the same. It is thought best to sell a 
limited number of copies of each issue. 

The number just issued contains several articles of more than ordinary 
interest and importance, for which we are indebted to the generosity of 
contributors who have made great research, and expended no inconsidera- 
te sums of money in obtaining the materials for their preparation. To 
these and to former contributors the committee desire to express their great 

Ir is intended to further developc that part of the Register devoted to 
die proceedings of historical and other learned societies in*the United States ; 
and all such societies are invited to aid us by "promptly forwarding reports 
of their transactions, either in manuscript or in print. By this means 
we hope to make this publication still more an accepted medium of 
information and communication for all interested in such matters. 

As we have previously stated, all the proceeds derived from subscriptions 
or from the sale of the Register are devoted to its improvement, printing 
and distribution. Nothing is expended for editorial or other care and labor 
involved in the publication. Every subscriber and member of the society 
who shall help to extend its circulation will contribute to its improvement. 

A desire has been expressed that we should publish in the Register as 
fast as possible the most important portion of the valuable manuscripts in 
the possession of the society. We refer especially to the Knox and Han- 
cock papers. There can be no doubt that the publication of these papers 
would greatly aid historical students and writers throughout the country, 
and that they ought not to be suffered to remain too long in an imprinted 
form. It would seem proper and desirable that when they or any portion 
of them are published, it should not be in detached and miscellaneous forms, 
but as a collection and under the auspices of this society. Two or three 
volumes a year might be edited and printed, if sufficient funds were provid- 
ed from subscription, or from the avails of a general publishing-fund, 
which we hope will not long remain among the possibilities of the future. 1\\ 
however, it should seem best in the judgment of the society to print, cer- 
tain portions of these papers in the Register, the committee will cheerfully 

Albert II. IIoyt, 

for tltc Committee' 


Table of Contents of the Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. xxvii. ] 

Abbot, Ephraim, necrology of. 
Addresses of— 

Marshall. I*. Wilder before the New-Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society; be- 
fore the New-Hampshire Society. 

Robert C. Winthrop before the Mass. His- 
torical Society. 
Algiers, tribute paid to. 
• American Philosophical Society, its origin. 

Anti-slavery agitation in Maryland, early. 
Appleton, records of John and family. 
Armor, ancient, noticed by Appleton. 
Arms of the United States. 
Arms, see coats of. 
Arts, works of, lost in the great fire of 1872 in 

Autographs of 

T. B. Chandler, Joseph May, John IT. 

Sheppard, William Willis. 

Baldwin, John, of Stonington, and other Bald- 
win families in early colony limes. 
Batch eller and Dalton pedigree. 
Battle of Camden., 17S0, the list of killed, 

wounded, &c. 
Belcher Family, notes on. 
Bidwell, Adonijah's Journal. 
Bidwell, genealogical notes. 
Biographical and genealogical information 

derived from the U. S, Navy and Naval 

Academy Registers. 
Biographical sketches of— 

Ephraim Abbot. 

Cyrus K. Aldrkh. 

Robert Anderson. 

Edward Arnold. 

Lord Baltimore. 

Ephraim Barber. 

Martin Behaim. 

Andrew Belcher. 

Jonathan Belcher. 

Adonijah Bidwell. 

Elizabeth S. Bigger. 

Nehemiah Bourne. 

Nathaniel Bouton. 

William Brattle. 

John Brooke. 

E. L. Bulwer. 

Theophilus Burrill. 

William Chadbome. 

Edward R. S. Canby. 

Philip Carteret. 

Thomas B. Chandler. 
- George T. Chapman. 

Stephen Chase. 

"William Claiborne. 

John Clarke. 

Jeremiah Clough. 

Samuel Coulson. 

Tench Coxe. 

Richard Cranch. 

"William Crawford. 

Jacob Crown in shield. 

Manasseh Cutler. 

Bobert Cutler. 

Ebenezer Pale 

Jonathan Dickinson. 

David Dunster. 

Munton Enstburn. 

Lillev Eaton. 

Christ. 1>. Ebeling. 

Bobert Elliott. 

John Emott. 

William Fairfax. 

Stephen T. larwcll. 


Jeremiah Flanders. 

John Flanders. 
Samuel a. foot. 
James Freeman. 
Samu< 1 Freeman. 
Simon Girty. 
Nathaniel Gookin. 
Mary Gould. 
Edward Gove. 
Samuel Grant. 
Bobert Hale. 
Mary J. Haines. 
Samuel UaU. 
Thaddeus M. TIarris. 
Henry Harrod. 
John IJaskins. 
Nathaniel Uealey. 
Nathaniel Henchman. 
Mary llerrick. 
George Higginson. 
Noah lluburt. 
Priscilln Ilobart. 
Benjamin Hodges. 
Thomas Holds. 
Henry Benj. Humphrey. 
Jeremiah )'. Jewett. 
Samuel Johnson. 
Samuel Johnson, 2d. 
William Samuel Johnson. 
Ichabod G. Jordan. 
George Keith. 
John Konkapot. 
Asa Lane. 
Edmund J. Lane. 
Jabez Lane. 
John Lane. 
Joshua Lane. 
Samuel Lane. 
Thomas W. Lane. 
Jeremiah Lee. 
Thatcher Lewis. 
Francis Lieber. 
Levi Lincoln. 
Christopher Lippitt. 
Joshua A. Lowell. 
Frederick Madden. 
Benjamin Marston. 
Benjamin Marston, 2d. 
Benjamin Marston, Lid. 
John Marston. 
John May. 
Joseph. Mav. 
David Melvin. 
Eleazar Melvin. 
Nellie B. Merriam. 
Andre Miehaux. 
Samuel L. Mitchell. 
Samuel Moody. 
Ezekiel Morrill. 
John Murray. 
Ephraim Nute. 
Anne S. (Jrne. 
James L. Orr. 
Joseph Palmer. 
Thomas Phillipps. 
Isaiah Potter. 
Jededia'u Preble. 
Joseph Priestley. 
George F. Putnam. 
James Head. 
John Rogers. 
Gustavus II. de Rosenthal 
Edward Russell. 
Alpheus Sanford. 
Martha B. Scott. 
Samuel Seabury. 
John Sheppard. 
John H. Sheppard. 
William Sherman. . 

ptirkinsham Smith. 

Mi>, - MaildMl. 

( imrlcs L. d'A. Ternay. 
Nathaniel Thayer. 
J. ,-. ph I'. Varnum. 
Philip L. Van Rensselaer. 
Kdward Vaughan. 
Wilhird V( ren. 
Alexander II. Vinton. 
Natlianiel "Ward. 
Kliza 1). Wheldon. 
choree Whitetield. 
William Willis. 
Paint; Wingnte. 
John Winslow. 
Clarence Winthrop. 
.James Wintlirop. 
Jrremiah If. Woodman. 
Charles II. Woodwell. 
MHhu Yale. 
Births and Baptisms, see Kecords. 
('.;--!■!!, note on the family, 
i; . ■',. Notices — 

Adams's Address before the Phi Beta 

Kappa Society, IS?:'.. 
A Desire for Heaven: a Sermon by C. 1). 

Alabama Claims, by Caleb Cushing. 
Allen and Witter Genealogy,by A.W.Allen. 
Anti-Slavery Opinions before the year 1800, 

by William F. Poole. 
American Antiquarian Society, a brief 

Notice of the Library. 
Andrews, Genealogy of the Family of .John 

and Mary, who settled in Farniington, 

Conn., in 1G40. 
Benson Family of Newport, It. I., and 

other families from England, by W. P. 

P.ibliographia Catholica Americana. 
Bibliography of the American Indians. 
Bishop Fastbnrn, Memorial Discourse of, 

byA.H. Vinton. 
Boone, Daniel, the Pioneer of Kentucky. 

byJ.S. C. Abbott. 
Boston. Old Landmarks and Historic Per- 
sonages of, by S. A. Drake. 

Story of the Great Fire of 1S72. 

Long Wharf .Corporation Centennial. 

Bowers, .Mrs., a History of the Family of 

her name, and her Johnson, Stewart and 

Wilson Ancestors. 
Bristol Co. 1 directory for 1872, by D. Dudley. 
Brewster's Rambles about Portsmouth, 

Brookline, Proceedings at the Dedication 

of the Town Hall. 
Buckingham, Genealogy of the Descendants 

of Thomas, of Milford, Conn., by F. W. 

Catalogues of Colleges, &c., 1S72-3, Annual 

and Triennial. 
Chandler, Genealogy of the Descendants of 

William of Roxbury, by George Chandler, 

of Worcester. 
Chapman, Kcv. G. T.. D.D., a Sermon in 

Memory of, bv Geo! D. Johnson. 
Charlestown, Mass., Proceedings at the 

Dedication of the Soldiers' Monument in 

Christ All in All, a s'crmon preached by C. 

D. Bradlee. 
Classical Culture and Phillips Exeter 

Academy — an address delivered at the 

dedication of the new Academy building, 

&c, by Andrew P. Peabody, in 1872. 
College Courant, New-Haven, a Weekly 

.Journal devoted to the Higher Educa- 
tion, &c. 
Columbus and the Geographers of the 

North, by B. F. DeCosta. 
Columbus, Ohio. Its Historv, Resources 

and Progress, bv Jacob II. Sunder. 
Connecticut. Historical Notes on the 

Constitution of the Slate, 1069-1818; 


Journal of the Constitutional Convention 

at Hartford, 1SI8. 
Connecticut Colouv. the Public Records of, 

from 1717 to 172oj by Charles J. Uoadly. 
Copley, John s., a Sketch of the Life of, 

and a list of some of his works, by A. T. 

Crawford, William, account of his Expedi- 
tion to the North-West in 17S2, his awful 

death. &c, by C. W. ttutteriield. 
Dale, Ebenezer, necrology of. 
Dartmouth, The, a magazine published by 

the senior class of Dartmouth College. 
Diary of Lieut. Paul Lunt in the Revolu- 
Eaton, Lilley, necrology of. 
Engravings, see Illustrations. 
Farewell Sermon, by C. D. Bradlee. 
Fishing Tourist. Angler's Guide and 

Reference Book, bv Charles Efalloclc. 
Flag of the United States, by G. 11. Preble. 
Foot, Samuel A., Autobiography of, his 

Speeches, &e. 
Freetown, Mass., a brief sketch of, by E 

W. Peirce. 
French, a Pedigree of the Descendants of 
■ William, who came to New-England' in 

10:55, and died in Billerica, Mass." 
Grammar of The Latin Language, by 

George K. Bartholomew. 
Haskell, Genealogy of the Descendants of 

Mark of Beverly, Lc, by P. Derby. 
Henrico Parish, Virginia, History of, by 

R. A. Brock. 
History, M. E. Thalheimer's Manual of 

Hubbard, Genealogy of the Descendants of 

George, by L, P.Hubbard. 
Indian Bibliography, by Field. 
Iowa, The Annals of, "a Quarterly, by the 

State Historical Society. 
Kenelm Chillingly, a 'novel, by Lord 

Lexington, Ky., History of, by G. W. 

Long Wharf Corporation. Centennial of. 
Lyman, Genealogy of the families of Great 

"Britain and America, by L. Coleman. 
Marshtield, Mass., sixty years ago, by 

George Leonard, 1872. 
Minnesota Historical Society's Collection*. 

Vol. I. 
New-Hampshire. Documents and Records 

relating to the Province, Vol. VI., 174D- 

New-York Observer's Jubilee Year-Book. 
Norsemen of the West, or America before 

Columbus, by 11. M. Ballantine. 
Old New-England Traits, by George Lunt. 
Penn Monthly, Vol. IV. 
Rambles'about Portsmouth— second edition 

of Vol. I. 
Rhode-Island Historical Society, Proceed- 
ings of. 
Runnels and Reynolds Family Genealogy, 

by M. T. Runnels. 
Science and Industry, Annual Record of, 

for 1872, by Spencer F. Baird. 
Sims Family Genealogy, by C. S. Sims. 
Stability of the Moral Law. Geo. C. Lor- 

rimer's Flection Sermon, 1873. 
Standish, Miles, J. S. C. Abbot's Biography 

Star-Spangled Banner and National Songs, 

by Stephen Salisbury. 
Suiiiner, Increase, Evarts Scudder's Memo- 
rial Record of. 
Trowbridge, Genealogy of the Descendants 

of Thomas of New-Haven, Conn., by F. 

AY'. Chapman. 
United States. R. Frothingham's Rise of 

the Republic; Public Debt and the Na- 
tional Banking Laws, by Win. A. Rich- 
"\ irginia. Calendar of State Papers, by Dr. 


Palrm •• Relation of Virginia, Henry by 
Spelman, UK«). 
War of lsltf in the North- West, by "William 

S Hatch. 
Washington',! Head Quarters in Cam- 

bruise, by Charles Deane. 
Way. Samuel -A.V Will ami seven codicils. 
Wesleyan University, a revised edition of 

it- Alumni Record. 
White, Genealogv of (he Descendants of 
Thomas of Marblehead, liv Perley Derby. 
Wilmington, X. <:.. Past, Present and Fu- 
ture : Annual report of its municipal offi- 
cers, vear ending Jan. 10, ls7~. 
Winchester, Conn., Anna!.-; and Family 
Record of, with exercises of the Centen- 
nial Celebration, 1.371, bv John Boyd. 
Witter Genealogy, by A. W. Allen. 
Yale College, obituary notices of the gradu- 
ates, LS7l\ No. 31, of the record; Cata- 
logue of the Divinity School; Address at 
the laying of the cornerstone of Divinity 
Hall ; Semi-Centennial anniversary of the 
Divinity School. 
Boston Ministers, Poem on. 
Boston Massacre. 

Boston Great Fire of Nov 9-10, 1872, noticed. 
Boston Marine Insurance Company. 
Bourne, Nehemiah, and family history. 
British Flag in civil war; a Query. 
Bulkeley Genealogy. 
Bunker Hill Battle, many soldiers from Ilollis, 

N II.; officers in the battle. 
Bushueli Genealogy. 


Canterbury, X. II. .Letters missive to theChurch 
in Hampton, 1750. 

Cape Breton Expedition. 

Champernoun, Francis, the will of. 

Chandler, Thomas j>., his memoir. 

Charlestown First Church Records. 

Chest brought over in the Mayflower. 

Church Records, see Records." 

Claiborne, Memoir of William and his Rebel- 
lion in Maryland. 

Clock-maker, an early one. 

Coat of Arms — 

Bachiler; Belcher; Bourne; New-London 
co., Conn., Hist. Soc. ; City of Richmond, 
Ya.; Sanford. 

Columbia and Washington, vessels fitted out 
by Boston merchants, 17S7, ami the river 
Columbia discovered. 

Connecticut Soldiers' Petition in 1778, an an- 
cient town record of. 

Correspondence with William Bentley, of 

Confession of Faith of church members. 

Cranch, Richard, and his family. 

Crawford. William's, Expedition in the Revo- 

Creed of the Church in Westerly; of Benjamin 

Currier, epiery concerning Samuel of Haverhill 
and his descendants. 

Cutler, Manasseh, who purchased Ohio. 

Dale, Kbenezer, necrology of. 

Dalton and Batchcller Pedigree. 

Deane, Thomas, of Boston, his descendants. 


Deerlield, Mass. Church Records. 

De Wolf, note on. 

D<- Ternav, Charles L. D'A., memoir of. 

Diary of— 

John May, Paul Lunt, "William Willis. 
Donors to the Library of the X. E. Hist. Gen. 

Dunster and Wade Families. 
Dutch Surnames. 

Early Settlers of Rowley, Mass. ; of Stratford. 

Eaton, Lilley, necrology of. 

Emery, John, Sen., error in regard to, corrr ct< cl 
by Bradbury. 

Endecott, information in regard to tin 

English Episcopal Church; Schools; Willa re- 
lating to American families. 

Episcopal Denomination, notices of, &c. 

Epitaphs of— 

Belcher, Bourn. Chase. Dc Ternav, Dow, 
Green, Have., Heath, Herbert, Jol.n>on, 
Marston, .Morton, North, Rives, Stanyan. 
Weare, Winslou , Yale. 

Errata, Vols. XXVI. and XXVII. 

Essex, officers of this frigate in 1S01. 

Exeter Phillips Academy, names of its Princi- 

Expedition to Cape Breton. 

Falmouth, burning of by the British squadron. 

Farwell, Stephen T., necrology of. 

Fire, notice of the large one in Boston; Port- 

Flanders, Genealogy of a family of. 

Fleet of Admiral de Ternay. 

Fleet and Henchman's connection with Mother 
Goose's Melodies, &c. 

Fludd, note on the family. 

Franklin Family Letters. 

Franklin Park, a note on. 

Freeholders of Rowley 

Freeman, .lames, the first clergyman in the 
United States to publicly assume the name 
of Unitarian. 

French War. 

Frost homestead in Kittery, Me. 

Genealogical Notes and Errata. 

Genealogy of families of— 

Applctou, Baldwin, Barber, Batchelkr, 
Belcher, Bidwell, Bourne, Calvin. Chand- 
ler, Clarke, Crane, Dale, Dalton, Deane, 
Dunster, Eaton, Eliot, Emery, Flagg, Flan- 
ders, Foote, Francis, Franklin, Frost. Gey- 
er, Haydcn, Hayes, Heley, Hiliiard, Hub- 
bard, Humphrey, Lane, Lee. L< land. Lewis, 
Lippitt, Marston, May, Mecom, Mould, 
Norton, Parsons, Rogers, Russell, Sand- 
ford, Scott, Sheppard, Sherman, Spooner, 
Thayer, Wade, Washburn, Webster, Whit- 
tingham, Winslow, Winthrop. 

Gerrymander, notes on the. 

Gleanings by Whitmore. 

Grave-yard Inscriptions, see Epitaphs. 

Griswold Genealogy. 

Hall. Samuel, necrology of. 
Hanipton Falls and the Rev. Paine Wingate. 
Harrod, Henry, necrology of. 
Harris, query in regard to. 
Harvard College, public exhibition in, 1795. 
Hassam, note on the family. 
Hayden Genealogy corrected. 
Healey and Wingate, note. 
Herrick Genealogy, a new edition in prepara- 
Hijrginson and Sherman in Leicester, Eng. 
Hillsboro', X. H.,a Congress held therein 1774 

and 1775 
Historical and Genealogical Register, Original 

Subscription Li^t deposited with the So- 
Historical Relics in Trenton, N. J. 
Historical Societies, proceedings of— 

American Antiquarian Society. 

Connecticut Historical Society. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Massachusetts Historical Society. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Soci- 

New-England Society of New-York. 

New-England Society of Orange, N.J. 

New-Hampshire Historical Society. 

New-Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New-Jersey Historical Society. 

New-London Historical Society. 

Ohio Hist, and Philosophical Society. 


| vmrtsylvania Historical Soc.itj. Massachusetts III ^t. Society, President Win- 

I'uciinuuck Valley Memoria. Association throp's historical sketch of. 

Mass.). Melvin's Journal. 

I.'i ule Island Historical Society. Mirldlebury College, marriages of graduates. 

\'< -riuont Historical Society. ' Military Rolls, &e. 

H.'i.:::. passages in the life of Priscilla Morris, Capt. Charles, a list of his company in 

^ Thomas). 1717. 

jj , . X. 11., historical sketch of. Morton — Spoflbrd, queries. 

II s'l, Town Records; of. Mother Goose's Melodies. 

!l niisihroy, Henry P»., necrology of. Mould, note on the family. 

ii mtnigion Genealogy, a second edition to be Mudge, Genealogical note. 

published. Murray,. John, the first preacher of the doctrine 
ii'.:.' -::',, frigate, note relating to the one at of universal salvation in America. 

Hell Gate. 

Nantucket, list of Vessels belonging there in 
Illustrations— 1607. 

Chandler, Portrait of T. B. and signature. Navy and Naval Academy Registers a source 

May, Portrait of Joseph, and signature. of Biographical and Genealogical inforrua- 

Richmond, (Va.) city seal. turn. 

Sheppard, Portrait of J. H., and signature. Necrology of Members of the New-England 

Willis, Portrait of William, and signature. Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Winsiow Ancient Chest. Needle women of Boston. 

In : pendonce, Centennial of Declaration of. New-England Emigration to New-Jersey. 

Indians. New-England Guards, Longevity of. 

Irving's grave. New-England Historic, Genealogical Society— 
Isluim, query in regard to Robert. Address of President Wilder. 

Annual Reports. 
Jersiaise Society, note on. Donations to Library, 

.ii •■•. i tt, Jeremiah P., necrology of. Life members added. 

Johnson, Rev. Samuel, of Conn., Memoir of. Necrology of members. 

Journals oY— Officers for 1873. 

John May, Adonijah Bidwell, Eleazer Mel- Proceedings. 

\ in. New-Je>-.sey early settled by New-England fam- 
Junto, Rules of Dr. Franklin's. ilies 


Kittcry, que*y concerning the name of. Northern! and Wigglesworth, note. 

Knapp, Genealogy of the family commenced. Notes and Queries. 
Knox Papers. 

Ohio, settlement of. 

Lane. Genealogy of the descendants of William. Old South Church of Boston identified with the 
i eland, note in regard to Patience. popular love of liberty. 

Letters from — 

Richard Bache (1700), Stephen Bachiler Palmer, Joseph, necrology of. 

(KW), John Barber (1755), Jonathan Belch- Parsons. Queries relating to Philip of Enfield, 

er (1748), Jeremy Belknap (1705), William Ct. 

Bentley (1788), Town of Canterbury, N. 11. Pass to travel in New-England in 1G38. 

(1750), Thomas B. Chandler (1705)*, (1785), Peirse, Nath'l, of Halifax, X. S., his -rave. 

James F. Clarke £1873), Tench Coxe (1700), Petition of Connecticut Soldiers in the Revolu- 

Jacob Crowinshield (lt>02), Thomas W. tion. 

Davids (1S70),G. B. Emerson (1873), Josiah Phillipps, Sir Thomas, necrology of. 

Flagg (1783, 1780), Benjamin Franklin Poetical lines. 

(17b0), (1780) .James Freeman (1704), (1700), Poetical Prognostics. 

(1807), Thaddeus M. Harris (1700), John Pomeroy, Richard, Query in regard to him. 

Konkapot, Jr. (1803), John Leverett (1710), Portland Fire noticed. 

(17J0), Levi Lincoln (IsOJ), Benjamin Mars- Portraits see Illustrations. 

ton (1717), (1710), (1732-3), (1777), (1770), Portsmouth, X. H., Early Records. 

(17— ),(17Si), (17,01), (1702), John May (1770), Postal cards origin of. 

(1780), Jane Mecom (178G), Samuel L. Potter, Isaiah, note concerning. 

Mitchell (1805), Mad. Park (175C), George Prebles in England. 

Parkis (1000), William Priestley (1701), Presbyterian Church in Westerly, It. I., Records 

John Smith (1801), Edmund Toppan (1705), of the. 

Joseph B. Varnum (180;?), James Winthrop Prestwich's Respublica. 

(1700), Fletcher Yetts (18J7), Anne Young Prince's Subscribers, brief memoirs of. 

(1720). Proceedings, see Hist. .Societies. 

1.' xington alarm of battle. Progress of Civilization in the 10th century. 

1 effingwell Genealogy, soon to be published. Public Records of Connecticut. 
Light-house on Baker's Island. 

Lippitt, Genealogy of a Rhode Island family. Quakers, relating to. 
Losses to the departments of Literature and 

the Fine Arts, occasioned by the great tire Read, James, necrology of. 

in Boston, 1872. Rebellion of Claiborne. 

Lothrop Genealogy in preparation. Records of— 

Louisburg Fortress, a. description of, &c. Appleton Family: Canterbury Church; 

1- ant, note concerning the English Town of. Charlestown 1st Church; Deerrield, Mass. 

Church; Frauklinand Mecom Family; Hull, 
Madden, Sir Frederick, necrology of. Mass., 'Town : Middlebury College, Mar- 

Maine Hist. Society, proceedings of. riages; Portsmouth, X. 11., Town; Wes- 

Marriuges, see Records. terlv Presbyterian Church. 

M urston Family of Salem. Religious Newspaper, the lirsi in Boston. 

M irtin. Genealogy of the IF 1 familv prepared. Revolution, American. 

-Maryland and Virginia colonial history. Richmond Citv, Va., seals of. 

May, John's Letters and Journal. Rives .Mrs. Wm. C, liberality of. ' 

May, Joseph's Memoir. Bobbins Genealogy commenced. 
Massachusetts Genera.! Hospital and Asylum Rowley families, early, 
j tor the Insane. Russell, note relating to Jason and wife. 


Kussell and Phillips, error in Bond's Water- United States, note on Tribute paid to the Bar- 
town c< rrected. bary Towers. 

Sable Islanc Discovery, &c. Wade and Dunster Families. 

Suft'ord and Morton, note. Washburn, note in regard to the family. 

Sulem, Pastors of Churches in 1732; shipping Washington, Thornton's Life of; Anecdote < r , 

of. Hi- Lineage; The first child named for him. 

Fait M in es in the Valley of Arkansas, White Weathercock of the Old Hanover Street 

and Bed Bivcrs. Church, history of, to the present time. 

Scott, Martin B., necrology of. Whitefield opposed by the Episcopalian denom- 
Seals of— ination of christians. 

Dorchester, England. Whitten, Query in regard to the parentage • 

Richmond, Va. Rebecca. 

Soars, Joshua's Will. Wigglesworth and Northern!, note. 

Shapleigh, Stileman, Martyn, Cutts, Truewor- Wilcoxson, note. 

thy and Jose families "of New-Hampshire Wilder's Addresses at the annual meeting of 

and Maine. the Hist. Gen. Society; Semi-centennial 

Sheppard, John II., Memoir of. Anniversary of the X. JJ. Hist. Society. 

Sherman, Genealogy of the Plymouth family. Willis, William, Memoir of. 

Sherman and Iligiri'nson in Leicester, Eng. Wills of— 

Shipbuilding. Baldwin, Bourne, Champernoun, Crane, 

Smith, Buckingham, necrology of. Flagg, Hayes, Marston, Martyn, Milles, 

Sparhawk mansion, hiding place of Loyalists, Newgate, Phillips, Preble, Prebyll, Rain- 

he. borow, Sears, Stileman, Thomas, Wade, 

StandJsh and Clayborne compared. Yearaans. 

Stone, EHas, query in regard to his descendants. Wingate and Ilealey, note. 

Stratford. Conn., Early settlers of. Winslow Monument of three brothers. 

Stratton,Hezekiah, information of him wanted. Winslow's Historical Sketch of the Massachu- 
setts lli^t. Society. 

Tobacco in England. Witchcraft Papers. 

Tripoline Slave. WoodwelJ, CJiarles II., necrology of. 
Tripolitan War. 

Yale College notice of. 

Unitarianism and Universalism, the earliest Yale, Elihu, note concerning him. 

preachers of, in America. 


Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays. 

Nine papers were read at our monthly meetings during the past year, 
namely : 

In February, on "The Early History of Dartmouth College in Connecti- 
cut," by the Ilex. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D. ; in March, on " Clerical life 
in New-Hampshire an hundred years ago, as illustrated by the diary of the 
Kev. Timothy Walker, of Rumford (now Concord), in 1764," by Joseph 
B. "Walker, Esq. ; in April, on "Incidents in the history of Woodstock, 
Connecticut," by the Rev. W. M. Cornell, LL.D. ; in May, on "Some of the 
Losses to Literature and the Fine Arts by the Great Fire in Boston. Novem- 
ber, 1872," by A. T. Perkins, Esq. ; in June, on " The Swedes on the Delaware 
and their Intercourse with New-England people" (this was illustrated by 
some ancient documents), by Frederic Kidder; in July. .on "Three historic 
flags and three September victories," by Capt. Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N, 
(who illustrated his remarks by the flags of the Bon Homme Richard, the 
Enterprise, and Fort Mc Henry) ; in September, on "The progress of 
manufacture in the household, as detailed in the steps taken to produce an 
outer garment for the writer, three-score years ago," by the Hon. Amasa 
Walker ; in November, on *• The Transfer of Ireland to English Owner- 
ship," by the Hon. Thomas C. Amory ; in December, on "The elements of 
poetry in the history of Portsmouth, N. II., and the Piscataqua," by John 
L. Hayes, Esq. 

Frederic Kidder, 

for the Committee. 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary. 

The correspondence of the year has related mostly to inquiries regarding 
lm-al or family history, in which many interesting and intricate questions 
lave been jDropoimded for solution. While it could not he expected that 
wo should enter into any extended investigations of the historical subjects 
thus brought to our notice, we have in most instances been able to point 
out the proper authorities, and sources whence the desired information could 
Ik- obtained. 

Letters accepting membership in the society have been received from 
sixty gentlemen, and entered upon our files. One honorary, seven cor- 
responding, and fifty-two resident members have been added to the society 
during the year. 

Honorary Member. 
The Hon. Nathan Clifford, LL.D., Jus. Supreme Court, U. S., Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Corresponding Members. 
John-Randolph Bryan, Columbia, Ya. 
James-S. Grinnell, Washington, D. C. 

Charles Hughes, Montreal, Canada. | 

John-Jordan Latting, A.M., New- York, N. Y. 
The Rev. William-Stevens Perry, S.T.D., Geneva, N. Y. 
The Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R.H.S., Grampian Lodge, Forest 

Hill, Surrey, Eng. 
John-Brooks Russell, Washington, D. C. 

Resident Afembers. 
Theodore-Parker Adams, A.B., Boston, Mass. 
Warren-Prescott Adams, Boston, Mass. 
Oliver Ames, North Easton, Mass. 
Francis-Walker Bacon, Boston, Mass. 
Josiah- Whitney Barstow, A.B., M.D., Flushing, N. Y. 
Benjamin-Edward Bates, Boston, Mass. 
Isaac-Chapman Bates, Paris, France. 
The Rev. Charles-Robinson Bliss. A.B., Wakefield, Mass. 
Richard Bliss, junior, Cambridge, Mass. 
.The Rev. Ellery-Channing Butler, Beverly, Mass. 
AN illiam-Tolman Carlton, Boston, Mass. 
The Hon. William Claflin, LL.D., Newton, Mass. 
The Rev. Sereno-Dickinson Clark, A.B., Temple, N. II. 
The Hon. George Cogswell, A.M., M.D., Bradford, Mass. 
The Hon. Samuel-Leonard Crocker, A.M., Taunton, Mass. 
Francis Dane, Boston, Mass. 
Samuel-Adams Drake, Melrose, Mass. 
Robert-Henry Eddy, Boston, Mass. 
John-Brooks Fenno, Boston, Mass. 
Donald-Fraser Grant, Maiden, Mass. 
General Edward-Winslow Ilincks, Cambridge, Mass. 
John-Codinan Hard, A.M., Boston, Mass. 


Walter-Lloyd Jeffries, Boston, Mass. 

Lt. Col. James-Hemphill Junes, U.S.M., Charlestown, Mass. 

Nafian-Cooley Keep, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

Wih 'am- Berry Lapham, A.M., M.D., Augusta, Me. 

Francis-Henry Lee, Salem, Mass. 

John-Allen Lewis, Boston, Mass. 

George-Edwin Lincoln, Cambridge, Mass. 

Samuel-Pierse Long, Boston, Mass. 

The Hon. Aaron-Claflin Mayhew, Milford, Mass. 

William- Gordon Means, Andover, Mass. 

John-Todd Moultou, Lynn, Mass. 

Nathaniel-dishing Nash, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. Charles-Pomeroy Otis, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

George-Taylor Paine, Providence, R. 1. 

William-Albert Parker, Ret. Capt. U.S.N., Boston, Mass. 

John-Phillips Payson, Chelsea, Mass. 

Frederic-Beecher Perkins, Boston, .Mass. 

Benjamin-Belcher Russell, Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. Edward-Grenville Russell, A.M., Cambridgeport, Mass, 

Nathaniel-Foster Saiford, A.B., Milton, Mass. 

Frederick-Coleman Sanford, Nantucket, Mass. 

The Rev. John-Turner Sargent, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

Samuel-Elwell Sawyer, Gloucester, Mass. 

Francis Skinner, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Joseph Adams Smith, LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

Alexander Starbuck, Waltham, Mass. 

George-Luther Thayer, Boston, Mass. 

Benjamin- Holt Ticknor, A.M., Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

The lion. James-Madison Usher, West-Medford, Mass. 

Jolm-Boynton Wilson, Charlestown, Mass. 

It will be observed that, the bulk of the resident members arc of Massa- 
chusetts. This arises naturally from the fact that the nominations are 
made mostly by those, who are constant frequenters of the library, 
who are familiar with the working of the society and are consequently 
more often reminded of its value and importance in the development of 
the-family and local history of New-England. But it is greatly to be 
desired that our membership should be enlarged from the more distant 
portions of the field, which it is our special aim to cultivate. The citizens 
of all the New-England states arc equally concerned in our objects, and will 
likewise be equally benefited by our achievements. We may safely say. that 
there is a large number of persons in Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont. 
Connecticut and Rhode Bland, of commanding in the community 
in which they live, of strong New-England instincts, of large and generous 
sympathies, who would esteem it a privilege, as it would be an honor, to 
make some personal contribution to render accessible the history of which 
they, their ancestors and their kindred form no inconsiderable part. Our 
members in these several states would do a good service to the cause, to 
which they have pledged their influence and their good-will, by recommend- 
ing by written communication, addressed to the corresponding secretary. 


i tbJc persons residing within their state, having first ascertained, in all 

, ;.-.•-. that the persons so recommended are ready, on their election, to accept 

., honor and the responsibilities of membership in the society. It would 

. well to add fifty or a 1. .indued new members in this way from the iive 

,1 !!■■>, which we have named. As local and family history is our specialty, 

: . .. -eomplish all we desire, we must have our representatives wherever the 

U- rial of that history exists. We can hardly estimate the impulse that 
would be given to historical investigation by such a wide-spread membership. 
1 1 wou,ld react favorably upon the historical societies in the several New- 
K:ijland States. We all have a common interest, and the achievements in 
unv special line of investigation become the property of all. It is true that 
many of the active and leading members of the several state societies are 
members of this, but it would undoubtedly advance the interests of all, if 
this number were greatly increased. 

The corresponding secretary is happy to state that the personal informa- 
tion returned by the new members in the blanks furnished them, is much 
fuller and more satisfactory of late than in former years. This is exceed- 
ingly important, as it will render the biographical memoirs to be prepared 
a? some future day far more accurate and complete. The returns of some 
of the members have been meagre and imperfect, and any personal narra- 
tive that may hereafter be prepared, must of necessity in their case be defi- 
cient and unsatisfactory. 

Blanks will be furnished on application, and the returns made will be 
c.irefully filed, and deposited in the archives of the society. 

Edmund F. Slafter, 

Correspond iny Secretary. 

Report of the ITistoriografher. 

Necrology for 1873. 

The figures at the left indicate the date of admission to the society. 

1850. Joseph Moulton, of Lynn, born Feb. 7. 1798; died Feb. 10, 1*7.'}. 

1817. James-Brown Thornton, of Scarboro', Me., born Sept. 20, 1794; 

died Feb. 13, 1873. 
1855. The Rev. Joseph Allen, D.D., of Northborough, born An--. 15, 
1790; died Feb. 23, 1873. 

1818. The Rev. Zedekiah-Smith Barstow, D.D., of Keene, N. II., born 

Oct. 4, 1790; died March 1. 1873. 
18G1. Sir Frederick Madden, F.S.A., of London, Eng., born Feb. i G, 1801 • 

died March 8, 1873. 
18G8. Henry-Veazey Ward, of Boston, born Sept. 2G, 1809; died March 

14. 1873. 
18G1. Eliphalet Jones, of Boston, horn Aug. 31, 1797 ; died March 17,1873. 
18G0. Charles-Stephens Lynch, of Boston, born Oct. 8, l*0<'>; died April 

5, 1873. ' 


1847. Stalham Williams, cf Utica, N. Y., born Oct. 5, 1773; died April 

8, 1873. 
1817. George Gibbs, of New-Haven, Conn., born July 8, 1817 ; died 

April 9, 1873. 
1854. 7?he Hon. John-Romeyn Brodhead, LL.D., of New- York, N. Y., born 

Jan. 2, 1814; died May C, 1873. 
1871. The Hon. Oakes Ames, of North Easton, born Jan. 10, 1804; died 

May 8, 1873. 
1858. The Hon. Joseph Howe, of Halifax, N. S., born 1804; died Juno 

1, 1873. 
1815. The Hon. John Prentiss, A.M., of Keene, N. II., born March 21, 

1778 ; died June 6, 1873. 
1870. The Hon. Edmund-Pitt Tileston, of Boston, born Aug. 17, 1805; 

died June 7, 1873. 
1858. Francis-Alfred Fabens, LL.B;, of Saucelito, Cal., born July 10, 

1814; died June 16, 1873. 
1857. Samuel Burnham, A.M., of Cambridge, born Feb. 21, 1833; died 

June 22, 1873. 
1SG1. John-Hannibal Sheppard, A.M., of Boston, born March 17, 1780 ; 

• died June 25, 1873. 
1852. The Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., of Boston, born March 3, 

1813; died June 29, 1873. 
18G7. Joseph L. Henshaw, of Boston, born May 1 6, 1 822 ; died July 8, 1873. 
1SGG. Henry-Lin sley Hobart, of Northfield, Minn., born Dec. 15, 1841; 

died July 23, 1873. 
18GS. William-Otis Johnson, M.D., of Boston, born Feb. 14, 1825 ; died 

Aug. 17, 1873. 
18GG. The Hon. Edward-Emerson Bonnie, LL.D.. of Kennebunk, Me., 

born March 17, 1707; died Sept. 23, 1873. 
18G0. Oliver-Brastow Dorrance, of Boston, born 1804 ; died Oct. 23, 1873. 
1847. The Rev. Samuel-Brazer Babcock, D.D., of Dedham, born Sept. 

1807 ; died Oct. 25. 1873. 
1864.. John-Gough Nichols, F.S.A., of London, Eng., bom 1806; died 

November 13, 1873. 
18G3. Nathaniel Curtis, A.M., of Boston, born May, 1708; died Nov. 22, 

18G2. Charles- Whitlock Moore, of Boston, born March 29, 1801 ; died 

Dec. 12, 1873. , 
18G8. Anson-Parker Hooker. M.D., Cambridge, born Sept. 29, 1820 ; 

died Dec. 31, 1873. 

Additions to Previous Years. 

1855. Samuel-Hayes Cougar, of Newark, N. J., born Dec. *10, 170G; died 

July 20, 1872. 
18G8. Thomas-Temple Rockwood, of Holliston, born June 5, 1812 ; died 

Oct. 11, 1872. 
18G8. Thomas Richardson, of Boston, born Auj}-. 31, 170G; died Dec. 10, 


Memoirs of the following deceased members of the society, prepared by 
the historiographer and his assistant, Mr. Dean, or at their request by 
others, have been submitted to the society. 


,. William-Powell Mason, A.M., who died in Boston, Dec. -1, 18G7, 

aged 70. 
. 1. Henry Ilarrod, F.S.A., co. Norfolk, Eng., who died Jan. 21, 1871, 

aged 53 years 
3 -V';. Nathaniel Whiting, who died iiiTVaiertown, Nov. 18. 1871, aged 69. 
1*71. Ebenezer Dale, who died in Boston, Dec. 3, 1871, aged 59 years. 
S -•;;. Sir Thomas Fhillipps, F.S.A., who died in Cheltenham, Eng., Feb. 

6, 1872, aged 79 years. 
,-'•'.. Samuel-Hayes Cougar, who died in Newark, N. J., July 20, 1S72, 

aged 75 years. 
jsoS. Thomas-Temple Rockwood, who died in Holliston, Oct. 11, 1872, 

aged 60 }" ears. 
]>!.'). Horatio- Gates Somerby, who died in London, Eng., Nov. 14, 1872, 

aged G7 years. 
] ■• '.8. Thomas Richardson, who died in Boston, Dec. 1G, 1872, aged 7G. 
i v"e>. Joseph Moulton, who died in Lynn, Feb. 10, 1873, aged 75 years. 
J S55. The Rev. Joseph Allen, D.D., who died in Northborough, Feb. 23, 

1873, aged 82 years. 
1S18. The Rev. Zedekiah-Smith Barstow. D.D., who died in Keene, 

N. H., March 1, 1873, aged 82 years. 
1861. Sir Frederick Madden, F.S. A., who died in London, Eng., March 

8, 1873, aged 72 years. 
• 1803. Henry- Veasey Ward, who died in Ouchy, Switzerland, March 15, 

1873, aged C3 years, 
i • til. Eliphalet Jones, who died in Boston, March 17, 1873. aged 75. 
1 SGO. Charles-Stephens Lynch, who died in Boston, April 5, 1873, aged 47. 
lce}7. .George Gibbs, who died in New Haven, Conn., April 9, 1873, 

aged 57 years. 
1871. The Hon. Oakes Ames, who died in North Easton, May 8, 1873, 

aged 69 years. 
1858. The Hon. Joseph Howe, who died in Halifax, N. S., June 1, 1873, 

aged GO years. 
IS 18. The Hon. John Prentiss, A.M., who died in Keene, N. II., June 6, 

1873, aged 95 years. 
1870. The Hon. Edmund-Pitt Tileston, who died in Boston, June 7, 

1873, aged G7 years. 
1857. Samuel Burnham, A.M., who died in Cambridge, June 22, 1873, 

aged 40 years. 
1866. Henry-Linsley Hobart, who died in Northfield, Minn., July 23, 

1873, aged 31 years. 
1866. The Hon. Edward-Emerson Bourne, LL.D., who died in Kenne- 

bunk, Me., Sept. 23, 1873, aged 7G years. 

From the above statement it appears that the total number of deaths of 
the membership of the society in 1873, which have come to our knowledge, 
h twenty-nine, and that the number of memorial sketches read by the historio- 
grapher and his assistants is twenty-four. One member, Stalham Williams, 
"f I tica, N. Y., who died last year, lacked six months only of being one 
hundred years old, having lived to the greatest age of any of our members. 
All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Dokus Clarke, 



Report of the Treasurer. 

The total income in 1873, derived from annual assessments, admission 
fees, the income of the life fund, and the estimated income of the library 
fund, including a balance of $31.13 from the account of 1872, amounts 
to $2,755.4. . The ordinary expenses have been £2,718.50, leaving a bal- 
ance in the treasury of $36.91. During the same period the sum of $300 
has been received for life-memberships, and added to the life fund in accord- 
ance with the by-laws of the society. A list of the life-members added 
during the past year is hereto appended. 

Benj. B. Torrey, 

Abram-Edmands Cutter, Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Henry-Davenport, Roxbury, Massachusetts. 
Robert-Henry Eddy, Boston, Massachusetts. 
Hon. John-Plummer Healy, A.M.. Boston, Massachusetts. 
Lt. Col. James-Ilemphill Jones, U.S.M.C., Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Rev. Willard-Francis Mallalieu, A.M., Boston, Massachusetts. 
Ira-Ballou Peck, Wonsocket, P. I. 
Alfred Boor, Salem, Massachusetts. 
Bickfcrd Pulsifer, Charlestown, Massachusetts. 
Nathaniel-Foster Safford, lUilton, Massachusetts. 
Samuel-Ei well Sawyer, Boston, Massachusetts. 
Paymaster-Joseph Adams Smith, U.S.N., Charlestown, Massachusetts. 

Report on the Bond Fund. 
In the report of the trustees of this fund, made at the annual meeting in 
1872, a history of the origin and purpose of the fund was given, and members 
are respectfully referred to that report for information on the subject. 

During the last year there have been received from the sales of books? 
$27.20; for interest, £22.05, making the receipts for the year $49.85. 
The expenses during the year have been for work in assorting sheets 
$2.37 ; for printing portraits, $3.00 ; for binding fifty copies of Bond's 
"Watertown, $25.00, making a total of $30.37. The fund now amounts to 
$138.05, of which $394.82 is placed at interest, and $43.83 is in the hands 
of the undersigned. 

Almon D. Hodges, 

for the Trustees. 

Report on the Towne Memorial Fund. 
From the nature of the case there must necessarily be great sameness in 
the annual reports on this fund. There are new members added each year 
to the society, and for their information as well as for that of transient mem- 
bers, it seems necessary from, year to year to reproduce the same facts. We 
therefore state that this fund had its origin in a gift to the society of $1000 


ton years since by William B. Towne, Esq., which sum was iu be 

I ] : , xd in the hands of trustees, the principal and the interest to be kept 
r.Ktiate, and apart from the other funds of the society, and the in- 
come thereof to be devoted to the publication of memorial volumes of 
deceased members, whenever the society should deem it expedient ; 
that in the year 187) the donor added another $1000, subject to the 
f,:ne conditions; that the income has been permitted to accumulate, and 
that the fund now amounts to the sum of $3, 33 1.9 9. 

Charles B. Hall, 

for the Trustees. 

Report on the Barstow Fund. 

Some men unconsciously build monuments to themselves while living. 
We are led to this remark by the foundation of this fund. In 1SG0, 18C2 
nnd 18G3 John Barstow, Esq., of Providence, R. I., then vice-president of 
this society for that state, established this fund by a gift of $1000, the in- 
come of which is devoted to the binding of books. During the past year 
there have been bound from the income of this fund 148 volumes, mak- 
ing a total of 1792 volumes bound from this income during the eleven 
years of its existence. It is intended to have each volume inscribed 
thus, " Bound at the expense of the Barstow Fund." And as readers 
use the library they are reminded of the munificence of the donor, and an- 
nually as we come together and recount the good work this fund has 
wrought, the memory of the founder is revived, and an addition made to that 
monument which is to make his memory and fame perpetual. 

Wm. B. Towne, 

for the Trustees. 

Report on the Cushman Fund. 

This fund consists of receipts from the sale of the Cushman Genealogy, 
the remainder of the edition of which was bequeathed to the society by the 
author, the Hon. Henry W. Cushman, of Bernardston, Mass. 

During the year there have been received from sales, $3.00, which added j 

to $17.50, the balance remaining in the hands of the trustees at the 
beginning of last year, amounts to $20.50. This sum is now in their 
bands. Frederic Kidder, 

for the Trustees. 

A letter from Rear-Adm. Thatcher, U.S.N., accompanying the original 
of Maj. L'Enfant's view of West Point, described in the president's address 
and the librarian's report, was then read. Col. A. D. Hodges exhibited the 
drawing and made some remarks upon its character and value, and closed 
by offering the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : 



Resolved, Tha the thanks of the society he presented to Rear-Ai i 
Henry Knox Thatcher, U.S.N., for tliis very valuable and interesting i] 
ing of West Point and its environs made in 1782, and that the secretary 
requested to furnish him with a copy of this resolution. 

The [(resident read a letter addressed to him by Mr. Benjamin B. Davis. . / 
Brookline, stating that Mr. James Wallace Black, of Boston, had offered i 
furnisl gratuitously two photographs of each member of* the society, one f.. r 
preservation by the society and the other for the member's own use, and thai 
he (Mr. Davis) would present the necessary albums for preserving them. . 

It was voted to accept these liberal offers, and to present the thanks of 
the society to Messrs. Black and Davis. 

It was announced that cards had been left with the librarian for member-, 
all of whom are urgently requested to avail themselves of this privilege. 

The president also read a letter from Mrs. Isabella James, of Cambridge, 
accompanying an elegant large-paper copy of her recently issued work, the 
Potts Memorial. The volume was exhibited to the meeting, and after re- 
marks by the president and others, on motion of the Rev. Mr. Shifter the 
thanks of the society were voted to Mrs. James. 

A sumptuous folio volume, entitled " Boston Past and Present, being an 
Outline of the History of the City as Exhibited in the Dives of its Promi- 
nent Citizens," which had recently been received by the society, was exhibited. 
It was stated that only a limited edition had been printed, at one hundred 
dollars a copy. The Hon. Thomas C. Amory made some remarks upon the 
character of the work, and offered the following resolution, which was unani- 
mously adopted : 

Jiesolccd, That the thanks of the society, to the unknown donor, be placed 
on record for this elegant volume, which pays a fitting tribute to the memory 
of our honored dead, and illustrates the worth of many among us who are 
favorably known in our community. 

Mr. John P. Payson, of Chelsea, presented an ancient surveying instrument 
which he obtained some years ago from the Misses Clifford of Exeter, N. II., 
who informed him that their grandfather received it from John Tufton Mason, 
and that he had told them it was sent to this country by Capt. John Mason, 
the patentee of New-Hampshire. The thanks of the society were voted to 
Mr. Payson, and he was requested to write out the history of the instrument. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Davis presented a copy of the words and music, repro- 
duced by him from memory, of the "Ode to Washington," sung in 1780 
in the presence of Gen. Washington, at the Old State House, Boston, his 
father being one of the chorus singers. By request, Mr. Davis, who is 
nearly eighty years of age, sang a few verses, which were received with 
marked favor. 

The thanks of the society were voted to the president for his address. 
It was voted, also, that the address, reports and other proceedings of the 
meeting, be referred to the committee on publication, with instructions to 
cause the same to he printed and distributed. 


Foit the Year Ending December 31, 1873. 




Jan. 1. 
Dec. 31. 


Balance brought from last year, . . 

Amount received for Admission Fees and Assessments of Members, 

Amount of income from Life Fund, 

Estimated Income from Library Fund, ...... 







1873. To Balance from account of last year, 

Jan. 1. Deposit in Savings Bank, 

Dec. 31. Savings Bank Dividend, 

" Sale of Books for the year 1873, . 


1S73. To Balance from Account of last year, 

Jan. 1. Original donation, 

Dec 31. Interest on $800 Government Bonds, 1 year, at G per cent, in gold, . 

" Premium on the above, at 10 3-S per cent, advance, .... 

" 2 Dividends on 2 shares of stock in the Boston & l'rovidence E. K. Co. 







Jan. 1. 

Dec. 31. 


To Amount from Account of last year, $01.00 

Original donations, 2,000.00 

Investment of Income, 1,000.00 

Interest on $1,000 Sangamon Co. 111. 8 per cent. Registered Bond, No. 30, 80.00 

Interest on $1,00(3 Mich. Cent. R. R. 8 per cent. Bond, No. 1125, one year, SO.OO 

" on $1,000 O. & L. C. Sinking Fund, S per ct. Bond, No. 130, one yr. 80.00 


Jan. 1. 

Dec. 31. 


To Amount from last year's account, 

Investment in former years, . 

Interest on $1,000 O. C. & F. R. R. R. Bond, No. 803, one year, at 7 per ct 
" on $2,000 Mich. Cent. R. R. 8 per cent. Bonds, one year, 
" on $3,000 O. & L. C. R. R. 8 per cent. Sinking Fund Bonds, 
" on $1,000 Sangamon Co. 111. S per cent. Reg. Bond, No. 30, 

Cash for Life Memberships, from the Treasurer, .... 


24i i. CO 







i;y Expense, Care of Rooms and Repairs, 
Insurance, .... 
" Librarian and assistant, 

•« Printing and S ationery, 
" Advertising ana Postage, 

" Freight and Expresses, 

•' Fuel, Gas and Water, 

FvC 31. Balance carried to account for 1871, 



1,3 lb. 00 








By Deposit in Roxbury Savings Bank, 
Binding and Portraits, 
Balance in the hands of Trustees, 





i 5-20 Government Bond, 1861. 

No. 40215, 

1 5-20 " " 


1 5-20 " " " 


1 5-20 " " 

2498-8, - 


2 Shares Stock in Boston & Providence R. R. 
Binding 148 volumes of Books, . 
Balance to account for 1874, 






By 1 Michigan Central R. R. 8 per cent. Bond, No. 1125, 
1 0.& L.C. Sinking Fund 8 per cent. Bond, No. 130, 
1 Sangamon County, 111., Registered 8 per ct. Bond, 30, 
Balance to account. for 1674, 







By 1 O. C. k F. R. Railroad 7 per cent. Bond, No. 803, due in 1S77, 
1 Michigan Central R. R. 8 per cent. Bond, No. 1126, 
1 " " " " " 1127, 
3 O. & L. C. R. Railroad 8 per cent. Sinking Fund Bonds, Nos. 1.' 
1 Sangamon Co. 111. 8 per ct. Registered Bond, No. 39, 
Income for the year 1873, carried to expense account, 
Balance to account for 1874, 

13S, and 139, 






Expense Account, 
Bond Fund, . , 

Rarstow Fund, 
Towne Memorial Fund, 
Lite Fund, . 

Cash Assets, January 1, l>74. 





Govorniuent Securities at par, 

O. C. & F It. Railroad 7 per ct. Bond, 

2 Shares B. & P. R. It. Co. at par, 

3 M. C. R. R. 8 per cent. Bonds, 

4 O. & L. C. S per cent. Bonds, 
2 S. Co. 111. 8 per cent. Bonds, 
Roxbury Savings Bank, 
Trustees of Bond Fund, cash, 
Trustees of Barstow Fund, cash, 
Trustees Towne Memorial Fund, casl 
Balance of Life Fund, cash, 
Balance of Expense Account, 

-SI K).fr 








Cash Assets, Jan. 1, 1S73, $12,330.00 

Increase in 1873, irrespective of Building or Library Fund, 000. si 

This certifies that 1 have examined the foregoing Financial Statement, and iind it 
correctly cast and properly vouched. 

WM. 15. TOWNE, 

Chairman of the Finance Committee. 



nnv \ I \ 1? Q 1 1 A T I ^ W II D c p 
1 1 U A . i\J A \\ ci J i A LL r, W J L U c K 


j-(£n(ilanl) Historic, (Ikncalogital ^orirli) 

JANUARY 3 . 1877, 


With Lists of Present Members, and of Officers 
from 1845 to 1877. 



\\ <> S r O N : 






With Lists of Present Members, and of Officers 
from 1345 to 1877. 





Let it not be thought that we are working for ourselves alone, nor for those only who are 
now living ; but let us remember that thousands yet unborn will bless the pious hands that 
rescued from oblivion or destruction our precious records. Nor is it to New England only 
that we devote our labor and our ell'orts. The star of empire has risen in the western sky, 
and its trail of light streams across the continent, touching the rock of Plymouth upon the 
Atlantic coast. — lion. William Whiting, LL.D. 


Officers and Committees for the year 1877 ....... 

Address of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder . 

Election of Officers and Committees ........ 

Addresses and Resolutions on presenting the Portraits of the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder. Col. Almon D. Hodges, the Hon. George 
B. Upton and Col. Albert IT. Hoyt 

Presentation of Autograph Letters, viz., of George Washington by Rear- 
Adm. Henry Knox Thatcher, U.S.N., and of Benedict Arnold by 
the Hon. Joseph W. Lawrence ....... 

Report of the Committee on the Preservation of Revolutionary Documents 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary . . . . . 

Report of the Historiographer ......... 

Report of the Treasurer ......... 

Report of the Librarian . . . 

Report of the Committee on the Library ...... 

Report of the Committee on Publication ....... 

Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays ..... 

Report of the Committee on Heraldry ....... 

Report of the Trustees of the Barstow, Bond, Cushman and Towne Funds 

Members of the Society, January 1, 1877 : 







Life-Members ...... 

Resident Members ...... 

Honorary Members 

Corresponding Members . . . . . 

Additions since January 1 

Deaths since January 1 .... 

Officers and Committees of the Society, from 18-45 to 1877 : 

I. Officers 

II. Directors ....... 

III. Standing Committees . 

IV. Trustees of Funds ..... 
Notice to Members of the Society . 













New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

18 7 7. 

Hon. MARSHALL P. WILDER, of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Hon. Israel "Washburn, Jr., LL.D., of Portland, 
Rev. Asa D. Smith, D.D., LL.D., of Hanover, 
Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Bennington, 
Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, . 
Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, . 
Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
Hon. John A. Dix, LL.D., of New-York, 
William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, 
William Duane, Esq., of Philadelphia, 
Edwin A. Dalrymple, D.D., of Baltimore, 
Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, 
Hon. Silas N. Martin, of Wilmington, 
Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Cincinnati, 
Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville, 
Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, . 
Rt. Rev. William I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, 

Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, 

Recording Secretary. 
David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, . 

Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., of Boston, 

Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, .... 

John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 


New Hampshire. 



Rhode Island. 


New York. 

New Jersey. 



District of Columbia. 

North Carolina. 









Hun. George 0. Richardson, Boston. Hon. John Cummings, Woburn. 

lion. Charles Levi Woodbury, Boston. John Foster, Esq., Boston. 

Hon. James Walker Austin, A.M., Boston. 

Directors ex-qfficio. 
lion. Marshall P. Wilder, Boston. Rev. Dolus Clarke, D.D., Boston. 

Col. Almon D. Hodges, Boston. Hon. Tnos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. Boston. William B. Trash:, Esq., Boston. 
David G. Raskins, Jr., A.M., Cambridge. Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston. 
Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Esq., Boston. Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., Boston. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. William IT. Whitmore, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. Samuel Cutler, Boston. Charles W. Tittle, A.M., Boston. 

James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Charlestown. Albert H. IIoyt, A.M., Boston. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., Boston. Frederic Kidder, Esq., Melrose. 

Rev. CD. Bradlee, A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Publication. 
John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston. Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston. 

Albert H. IIoyt, A.M., Boston. William B. Trask, Esq., Boston. 

Henry F. Waters, A. B., Sale in. 

Committee on Ike Library. 
James F. Hunnewell, Esq., Boston. Deloraine P. Corey, Esq., Maiden. 
George T. Littlefield, Esq., Boston. Prof. Charles P. Otis, Ph. D., Boston. 
Henry W. Holland, LE.B., Cambridge. 

Committee on Finance. 
Henry Edwards, Esq., Boston. Addison Child, Esq., Boston. 

Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston. A. A. Burrage, Esq., Boston. 

B. B. Torrey, Esq., Boston. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 
Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston. Aleert B. Otis, A.M., Boston. 

Rev. I. N. Tarbox, D.D., Boston. William C. Bates, Esq., Newton. 

Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 

Committee on Heraldry. 
Hon. Thos. C. Amory, A.M., Boston. Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston. 

AbnerC. Goodell, Jr., A.M., Salem. George B. Chase, A.M., Boston. 
Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., Boston. 


Gentlemen of the Society : 

I cannot express too strongly my sense of gratitude for this 
repeated testimony of your confidence in appointing me to preside 
over your deliberations for another year. I shall perform my du- 
ties, prompted by the deep interest I feel in the objects of the Soci- 
ety, with the best strength that a gracious Providence shall bestow 
upon me. The state of my health, although I have reason to thank 
Cfod for much improvement of late, will be a sufficient apology for 
limiting my present remarks to a few brief words. 

I am happy to congratulate you, as I have for several years past, 
on the steady and successful progress of the Society in all its depart- 
ments. The reports of the several officers and committees soon to 
be offered will bear testimony to this. 

The library has been steadily increasing in the number of its 
volumes, in valuable manuscripts and rare autograph letters ; and 
v -e are also gradually accumulating a collection of curious relics 
"ighly important to the illustration of the different epochs of our 

Our gallery of portraits is also increasing. We have the por- 
traits of several colonial worthies, by Smibert, Copley and other 
distinguished painters, besides some of more modern date. An 
( llort lias been made to place upon our walls portraits in oil of those 
V -1'0 have held office in the Society, or who have otherwise contri- 
buted to its success. A year ago we possessed only two, namely, 
those of Charles Ewer, Esq., its first president, and the Rev. YVil-. 


iiaui Jenks, D.D., for several years chairman of its publishi 
committee. Last year the portrait of your president was added 
to the collection, which to-day is exchanged for one of larger size 
and higher cost ; while three others are presently to he added 
to it, namely, those of Col. Almon D. Hodges, a former president, 
the Hon. George I). Upton, a vice-president, and Col. Albert H. 
Hoyt, for eight years editor of the Society's periodical, the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

The financial affairs of the Society have been administered, as in 
years past, with the strictest regard to economy, a principle of the 
greatest importance in all institutions, but especially in a Society 
like this ; and from this principle I hope we shall never depart. The 
rule which we have adopted is a good one, never to spend a dollar 
that is not already in the treasury. This is the secret of financial 
independence, the sheet-anchor of success. No other method can 
secure the public confidence. No other method ought to suc- 
ceed. During the past year we have had a signal testimony of con- 
fidence in the administration of the Society, by a generous testa- 
mentary bequest. John M. Bradbury, Esq., of Ipswich, one of our 
active members, who died on the 21st of March last, left by will to 
the Society the sum of two thousand dollars, and other securities 
which may somewhat increase the amount. We hope that others 
will follow this noble example, and make testamentary gifts to the 
Society. An income of a thousand dollars a year is greatly needed 
to enable us to put into the library rare and valuable historical 
works, which are much wanted. 

The year which has just completed its circuit will always be a 
marked one in the history of our country. It is the centennial year 
of our national existence. It has been celebrated by thousands of 
municipalities all over the land. It has quickened the interest of our 
whole people in our local and family history. It has recounted the 
services of our fathers in their struggles to lay the foundations of 
the republic. It has told over again, in greater fulness and truer 
proportions, the story of their aspirations, their sufferings and their 


achievements, which thus enlarged and perfected, has enriched and 
endeared to us the record of our national history. Monuments of 
brags, and marble, and "of solid granite, have sprung up in every 
part of the land, to mark the spots where noble deeds were done, 
and to embalm the memory of those who performed them. And not 
more important, though more impressive to the eye, was the gather- 
iu<v on the banks of the Schuylkill of the industries of the whole 
world, the fabrics and the handicraft of the nations, to be examined, 
compared, criticized and admired by millions of our own population 
and thousands from other countries. All this, my friends, marks 
an era in our national history, and, in my judgment, is a harbin- 
ger of that higher attainment to which the whole civilized world 
is gradually advancing. 

The principle on which the Society is administered is a good one ; 
the field of local and family history is a broad and noble one ; let 
us cultivate it with assiduity and perseverance ; let us turn neither 
to the right hand or to the left; and as time goes on, the result of 
our labors will be the diffusion of an historical taste, the encour- 
agement of an ennobling study, and the accumulation and pre- 
servation of historical material, which is now daily yielding to the 
wasting power of decay. 

By the report of the historiographer it will be seen that the num- 
ber of deaths the past year has been unusually small, only twenty- 
three members having during the year passed from their labors on 
earth, while in 1875 we were called to mourn the loss of thirty- 
eight. There has been a corresponding decrease in the deaths of 
officers of the Society and those who have held office, only four of 
these having died in 1876 ; namely, two officers, William B. 
Towne, Esq., vice-president for New Hampshire, and the Hon. 
Henry P. Haven, vice-president for Connecticut; and two past 
officers, Salomon Alofsen, for eight years honorary vice-president 
for New Jersey, and the Rev. Samuel II. Riddel, who held the 
offices of recording and corresponding secretary, and who deserves 
to be remembered for the efficient services rendered the Society as 



an officer in its early clays. Many of our deceased members have 
a national reputation as authors, while others have honored oth< r 
walks of life. 

With hearts full of gratitude for the loving kindness which has 
spared our lives to the present time, and committing our way unto 
Him who is rich in mercy to guide our steps, let us commence the 
new year with renewed hope and enterprise ; and should, any of 
us be called to lay down our work, let us feel assured that others 
will take it up and carry it on through all coining time. We may 
die, but our institution shall live, and as time advances will he- 
come dearer and dearer to the hearts of our New England people. 

P E OCEEDI In t G S . 

The annual meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society was held in the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, 
Massachusetts, on Wednesday, January 3, 1877, at three o'clock in the 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, took the chair. 

The recording secretary, David G. Haskins, Jr., Esq., read the record 
of the proceedings at the last meeting, which was approved. 

Frederic Kidder, Esq., chairman of the nominating committee chosen in 
Octoher last, reported a list of officers and committees for the year 1877. 

The Hon. George Cogswell, of Bradford, and Rowland Holmes, M.D., 
of Lexington, were appointed a committee to receive and count the ballots ; 
who reported that the candidates nominated were unanimously elected. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, having been reelected president, then 
addressed the Society. 

The President's address and the list of officers and committees will be 
fouud in the preceding pages. 

On the conclusion of the President's address, portraits of several officers 
of the Society were presented, in behalf of their respective donors. 

'Edmund T. Eastman, M.D., chairman of a committee appointed by the 
Board of Directors to present these portraits, addressed the Society as 
follows : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen : 

It is well remembered by the members then present, that a year 
ago the Society voted to request our President to sit for his portrait. A 
few months later, Mr. Edward D. Marchant, an eminent artist of Phila- 
delphia, painted and presented to the Society a portrait, which was for- 
mally accepted with thanks for the valuable gift. Subsequently permis- 
sion was given to the family of the President, who preferred the home- 
look of this portrait, to exchange it for one larger and more costly, also 
painted by Mr. Marchant. The latter now hamrs upon our walls, <dvin<r 
us all great pleasure and satisfaction. 

By the side of this portrait are others by the same artist, of former oili- 


cers of the Society, furnished at the suggestion of the Board of Direct.!., 
which will severally be noticed. 

It has been made my duty as well as honor to call attention to the por- 
trait of one of our late vice-presidents, the Hon. George B. Upton, present- 
ed by our much esteemed member, William Parsons, Esq., too modest to 
be here himself or to send a letter, presenting this fine portrait of his loved 
and valued friend, of whom he once said to me, " Though not the mo-t 
learned man, he was amply qualified to fill almost any official position in 
the state or nation." 

Not to detain the Society longer, I beg leave, Mr. President, to offer the 
following resolution : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Society be presented to William Par- 
sons, Esq., for his interesting and valuable gift of a portrait of the late 
lion. George Bruce Upton. 

David G. llaskins, Jr., Esq., of the same committee, then called atten- 
tion to the portrait of Col. Almon D. Hodges, who filled the office of 
president of the Society from 18<39 to 1SG1, in the following remarks : 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Society: 

The pleasant duty has been assigned to me of announcing to you 
the gift of another portrait. It is that of a gentleman who is too widely 
known in the community and in this Society to require an introduction 
from my lips ; a gentleman who for many years has been a member of our 
Society, and has filled the highest oilice in its gift. 

He has to-day added another obligation to the debt of gratitude which 
we already owe him by the gift of a portrait of himself, which lie has sent, 
accompanied with the following note : 

Boston, Mass., G Dec. 1S7G. 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, President N. E. Hist. Gen. Soc. : . 

My Dear Sin, — In compliance with its request, I beg leave to present 
to -the Society of which you are president, a portrait of the undersigned, by 
Mr. E. D. Marchant, of Philadelphia. 

A 7 ery respectfully and truly your friend, 

Almon D. Hodges. 

On motion of Mr. llaskins, the following resolution was unanimously 
adopted : 

Resolced, That the cordial thanks of the Society be tendered to Mr. 
Almon I). Hodges for his compliance with our request in presenting to the 
Society a portrait of himself. 

II. II. Edes, Esq., also of the same committee, followed by presenting 
the portrait of Col. Hoyt, which he prefaced with these remarks : 


.1/r. President: 

I rise to perform a most agreeable duty devolved upon 
me as the last secretary of the late Register Club by the death of our hon- 
ored associate, Mr. Towne, who for ten years presided over the delibera- 
tions and administered the finances of the Club. 

Jt is well known that from 18G5 to 1874 the financial responsibility of 
publishing the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register was 
assumed by a few gentlemen, who in the summer of ISO 1 associated them- 
selves under the name of the Register Club. During seven of those ten 
years the Register was edited by Mr. Albert II. Hoyt, and with such marked 
ability that it soon attained a rank in the periodical literature of the coun- 
try which it had never before enjoyed. Mr. Iloyt's aim was "to make the 
publication worthy of the patronage and confidence of historical students 
and experienced genealogists ; to make it thorough and accurate ; to ele- 
vate its literary character ; to improve its typography and dress ; and to 
keep its pages free from personal and party animosities/' His efforts were 
crowned with such complete success, that before surrendering to the Society 
the responsibilities which they had assumed with its consent, the members 
of the Register Club felt that Mr. Iloyt's long and faithful services not 
only to the Register, but to the Society, should be formally recognized. 
They accordingly took measures to procure his portrait, to be presented to 
this Society and hung in its gallery, feeling that in thus honoring him they 
did honor to themselves and to the corporation whose servants they were. 

I have the pleasure, Mr. President, in behalf of the Register Club, to 
oner for the Society's acceptance a portrait of Mr. Hoyt, which was painted 
by Mr. Marchant, of Philadelphia. 

After the close of Mr. Edes's remarks, the Rev. Edward G. Porter of 
Lexington offered this resolution, which was adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Society are hereby tendered to the mem- 
bers of the "Register Club" for the valuable and acceptable gift of a por- 
trait of Mr. Albert II. Hoyt, who for eight years was the editor of the 
New-England Historical and Genealogical Register, and for eight years has 
been a director of this Society. 

Some of the members suggested that an effort should be made to procure 
the portraits of the other presidents of the Society, namely, the Rev. Joseph 
R. Felt, LL.D., the Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., Sam'l G. Drake, A.M., 
Winslow Lewis, M.D., and the Hon. John A. Andrew, LL.D. The Presi- 
dent replied that the directors had already determined to make such an 

Rear-Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, who some years ago presented to 
the Society the invaluable manuscripts of his grandfather, Gen. Henry 
Knox, of the Revolution, read a letter that he had recently found among 


his papers, from General Washington to Gen. Knox, and which he now 
presented to the Society. It was written April 1, 1780, from Mt. Vernon, 
while Washington was waiting for official notice that he had been elected 
to the office of President of the United States, and expresses his feelings on 
the anticipation of assuming that otlice. The delay caused by the want ol 
a quorum in Congress, is thus referred to : 

" 1 feel for those Members of the new Congress, who, hitherto, have given 
an unavailing attendance at the theatre of business. For myself, the delay 
may be compared to a reprieve ; for in confidence I can assure you — with 
the world it would obtain little credit — that my movements to the chair of 
Government will be accompanied with feelings not unlike those of a cul- 
prit who is going to the place of execution ; so unwilling am I in the even- 
ing of a life nearly consumed in public cares to quit a peaceful abode for 
an ocean of difficulties, without that competency of political skill, abilities 
and inclination which is necessary to manage the helm." 

It was announced that the letter would be printed in the next number of 
the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

The Hon. George Cogswell, of Bradford, whose father was a surgeon 
under Gen. Knox, to whom this letter is addressed, spoke of the high char- 
acter in which his father held that patriot, and of the confidence which 
Washington reposed in him. On Dr. Cogswell's motion, thanks were voted 
to Admiral Thatcher for his gift. 

The Rev. Mr. Shifter, on behalf of the Hon. Joseph W. Lawrence, of 
St. John, N. B., then presented an autograph letter bearing date of 1705. 
lie remarked that sharp contrasts were always interesting. He woidd pre- 
sent to the acceptance of the Society a very rare autograph of one whose 
fame differed from that of the great Washington more than that of any 
other man whose history is connected with our revolutionary struggle. The 
letter which he held in his hand was an autograph of Benedict Arnold. He 
read a part of it, but when he came to a passage in which a third person 
was called the same " shuffling scoundrel as ever," with an intonation and 
emphasis that made the epithets apply to Arnold himself, he remarked that 
he would read no further. This letter, he continued, has indeed no lustre 
of its own, but in our invaluable collection of autographs it will be a good 
background, an admirable foil to set off the brilliancy of the others. He 
moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Lawrence for the valuable gift, which passed 

Rear- Admiral Thatcher then stated that he also had a letter of General 
Arnold, which he would present to the Society. It is written on a sheet of 
cartridge paper from the camp at Watertown to a lady, accompanying a 
gift to her of a package of ladies' dresses. 



( Lirles Carleton Coflm, Esq., chairman of the committee appointed at the 

in, ■ tin" to take measures towards the preservation and printing of the 

. ,. nts relating to the Revolutionary war, in the state house, reported 

• ,! the committee had had an interview with His Excellency Gov. Rice, 

.,':;; heartily entered into their plans and wishes. It was not thought best, 

'■ v.rwr. after an examination of the documents, to ask the legislature at the 

, . ;jt time to print them. The Governor assured the committee that 

•'. . v should be preserved, arranged, and placed in the care of the Secretary 

: State, or some competent official, so that at a more favorable time 

;'.• v might be printed. The report was accepted. 

Report of the Corresponding- Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Corresponding Secretary, submitted his 
report, as follows : 

Besides the ordinary correspondence, letters accepting membership in the 
Society have been received from fifty-two gentlemen, and entered upon our 
tiles. One honorary, nine corresponding, and forty-two resident members 
luve been added to the Society during the year, whose names are herewith 

Honorary Member. 
Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., Middletowu, Conn. 

Corresponding Members. 

Spencer Bonsall, Philadelphia, Penn. 
Joseph- Andre-Cassimir Conte, Marseille, France. 
William-Gilbert Davies, A.M., New York, N. Y. 
The lit. Rev. Alexander Gregg, D.D., Galveston, Texas. 
John-Scribner Jenness, A.M., New York, N. Y. 
Divie-Bethune McCartee, A.M., Tokio, Japan. 
llervey-Charles Pechell, Maresheld Park, Sussex, Eng. 
George-Archie Stockwell, A.M., M.D., Port Huron, Mich. 
The Rev. Charles-Trelawny-Collins Trelawny, A.M., Ham, Plymouth, 

Resident Members. 

George-Hay ward Allan, New York, N. Y. 

John-Farwell Anderson, Portland, Me. 

George-Lowell Austin, Cambridge, Mass. 

Edwin-S. Barrett, Concord, Mass. 

Augustus-Ramsay Bayley, Cambridgeport, Mass. 

Charles- Yose Bemis, M.D., Medford. Mass. 

The Rev. Joshua-Langley Bodfish, Boston, Mass. 

Joseph Burnett, Boston, Mass. 

Julm-IIaskell Butler, A.B., Somerville, Mass. 

R.-G.-F. Candage, Boston, Mass. 

Herbert-Schaw Carruth, Dorchester, Mass. 

John-Bear-Doane Cogswell, A.B., LL.B., Yarmouth Port, Mass. 


Nathan Crosby, A.M., Lowell, Mass. 

Reuben-Rawson Dodge, Wilkinson ville, Mass. 

Eugene-Francis Endicott, Chelsea, Mass. 

Arthur- Green wood Fuller, Boston, Mass. 

James-Freeman-Dana Garfield, Fitchburg, Mass. 

Frederick-Lewis Gay, Cambridge, Mass. 

George-Augustus Gordon, A.M., Lowell, Mass. 

Charles-Pelham Greenough, A.B., LL.B., Quincy, Mass. 

Armand Guys, Boston, Mass. 

Christopher-Ainory Hack, Taunton, Mass. 

George- Warren Hammond, Boston, Mass. 

Ralph Ilaskins, Boston, Mass. 

Simon-William Hatheway, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. Charles- Wells Hayes, A.M., Portland, Me. 

The Rev. Stephen-Hobbs Hayes, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Charles-Wells Hubbard, Weston, Mass. 

Francis-Henry Manning, Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. Charles-Pinckney-Holbrook Nason, A.B., Chelsea, Mas^ 

Frederic-Russell Nourse, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Stephen-Minot Pitman, Ph.B., Medford, Mass. 

Alexander-8. Porter, Boston. Mass. 

Samuel-Hammond Russell, Boston, Mass. 

Joscph-IIeber Smith, M.D., Melrose, Mass. 

Oliver-Bliss Stebbins, Boston, Mass. 

Clark Swallow, East Bridge water, Mass. 

Fred Tebbets, Milford, Mass. 

Henry-Charles Thacher, Yarmouth Port, Mass. 

Charles-Russell Train, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. John Weiss, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

George-Thompson Wiggin, B.S., Hyde Park, Mass. 

Report of the Historiographer. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the Historiographer, then presented his annual 
report on the necrology of the Society. 

Necrology for 1876. 

The figures at the left indicate the date of admission to the society; % indicates Corresponding 
member; * Resident member; f Life member. 

1870. David Snow,f benefactor, born in Orleans, Mass., Nov. 30, 1700; 

died in Boston. Jan. 12, 1870. 
1870. George- Williams Pratt, A.M.,* born in Boston, May 27, 1802 ; died 

in Boston, Jan. 1-1, 1876. 

1858. Gen. John-Steele Tyler, A.M.,f born in Guilford, Vt., Sept. 20, 

179G; died in Boston, Jan. 20, 1876. 
1868. Hon. Beamish Murdoch, D.C.L..I born in Halifax, N. S., Aug. 1, 

1800; died in Lunenburg, N. S„ Feb. 0, 1876. 
1855. Hon. William-Bradford Reed, LL.D4 born in Philadelphia, Penn., 

June SO, 1806; died in New York, Feb. 18, 1876. 

1859. Joshua-Perkins Converse,* born in Woburn, Mass., Dec. 16, 1814- ; 

died in Woburn, March 16, 1876. 


• ' ;. John-Merrill Bradbury,f benefactor, born in Newburyport, Mass., 

Oct. 29, 1818; died in Ipswich, Mass., March 21, 1876. 
I '.'. Williarn-Elkanah Doggett,+ born in Freetown, Mass., Nov. 20, 

1820; died in Palatka, Florida, April' 3, 187G. 
1 (,'J. Nathan Durfee, A.M., M.D.,f born in Fall River, Mass. (then 

Freetown), June 18, 1799 ; died in Fall River, April 6, 

: ~>2. Wiliiam-Blanchard Townc, A.M.,f Vice-President for N. II., born 

in Bow, N. II., Oct. 12, 1810; died in Jamaica Plain, Boston, 

April 10, 1876. 
!>G9. ■ IIod. Henry-Philemon Ilaven.f Vice-President for Connecticut, 

born in Norwich, Conn., Feb. 11, 1S15; died in New London, 

Conn., April 30, 1876. 
;- '.7. Rev. Williani-Buell Sprague, D.D., LL.D.,$ born in Andover, 

Conn., Oct. 16, 1795 ; died in Flushing, L. I., May 7, 1876. 
'•">. Rev. Samuel-Hopkins Riddel, A.M.,* born in Bristol, Me., Jan. 2, 

1800; died in Des Moines, Iowa, June 1, 1876. 
]• JO. Charles Campbell, A.B.,$ born in Petersburg, Va., May 1, 1807; 

died July 11, 1876. 
S858. Rev. Frederick-William Chapman, A.M.* born in Canfield, Trum- 
bull Co., Ohio, Nov. 17, 1806; died in Rocky Hill, Conn., 

July 21, 1876. 
1855. William-McCrackan Latkrop, A.M.,* born in West Springfield, 

Mass., Nov. 18, 1806; died in Hamilton, Mass., Aug. 24, 

3 876. 
18G1. Addison-Weld Champney,J born in Brooklyn, N. Y., May 24, 1839 ; 

died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 22, 1876. 
1870. Daniel-Franklin Child, f born in West Roxbury, then Newton, May 

10, 1803; died in Boston, Oct. 18, 1876. 
3-357. Salomon Alofsen,| born in Amsterdam, Netherlands, Nov. 22, 

1808; died in Amsterdam, Neth., Oct, 19, 1876. 
13G5. Abel Ball, M.D.* born in Northboro', Mass., Dec. 4, 1810; died 

in Philadelphia, Nov. 3, 1876. 
i 34. Joshua-Putnam Preston,* born in Boston, June 20, 1808; died in 

Boston, Dec. 10, 1876. 
1875. Daniel- Augustus Rogers,! born in Boston, Aug. 24, 1835; died in, 

or near, Ashtabula, Ohio, Dec. 20, 1876, 
1874. John-Haven Dexter,* born in Marlboro', Mass., Sept. 15, 1791; 

died in Boston, Dec. 31, 1876. 

Supplemental Necrology. 

1858. Charles-Douglas Cleveland, M.D.* born in Royalton, Vt., Sept. 25, 
1818; died in Boston, Nov. 20, 1875. 

The Historiographer would acknowledge his obligations to those who 
have kindly aided him in the preparation of memorial sketches of deceased 
Members. The whole number of sketches prepared and presented to the 
• >ciety is thirty-six, of which a list is appended. Some of them have been 
printed in the Register, and others will appear in future numbers. 




1857. Jasper-Hazen York, M.D., of Dover, N. 11., died April 7, 1871, a^ed 58 vr 

1 ino. 10 days. J '" 
IS55. fit. Rev. Henry-'Washington Lee, D.D.. LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa, di- ; 

. Sept. 26, 1874, aged 59 yrs. 1 mo. 26 days. 
I860. Hon. James Gregory, of Marblehead, Mass., died Oct. 7, 1871, aged 77 yi- 
11 mos. 10 days. 


1860. Col. Thomas-Hicks AYynne, of Richmond, Va., died Feb. 21, 1875, a^ed U:> 

yrs. 1 mo. 
1S57. Enoch-Carter Rolfe, M.D., of Boston, died March 27, 1875, aged 62 yrs. 11 

mos. 11 days. 

1851. John-Wells Parker, of Boston, died June 3, 1875, aged 66 yrs. 1 mo. 12 dav 

1846. Samuel-Gardner Drake, A.M., of Boston (an original member and ex-pre-i 

dent), died Jan. 14, 1875, aged 76 yrs. 8 mos. 3 days. 

1847. Hon. Charles- Wentworth Upham, A.M., of Salem, Mass., died June 15 

1875, aged 73 yrs. 1 mo. li days. 
1873, Francis Dane, of Boston, died July 30, 1875, aged 55 yrs. 11 mos. 23 days. 

1857. \Y T inslo\v-Lewis, M.D. (an ex-president), of Boston, died Aug. 3, 1875, a"t t] 

76 yrs. 26 days. 

1863. George-Baty Blake, of Boston, died Aug. 6, 1875, aged 67 yrs. 2 mos. 22 days. 
1871. James-Edward Root, of Boston, died Sept. 20, 1875, aged 58 yrs. 1 mo. 3 (Is! 
1845. Hon. Gurdon Trumbull, of Hartford, Conn., died OcC8, 1875, aged 65 yrs] 

8 mos. 17 days. 
185S. Charles-Douglas Cleveland, M.D., of Boston, died Nov. 20, 1375, a^ed 

57 yrs. 1 mo. 26 davs. 
1859. Hon. Henry Wilson, LL.D., of Natick, Mass. (Vice-President of the United 

States), died Nov. 22, 1875, aged 63 yrs. 9 mos. 6 days. 

1848. Thomas-Preston Gentlee, of Manchester, Mass., died Dec. 22, 1875, aged 

59 yrs. 6 mos. 22 days. 

1864. Philip-Henry Stanhope, D.C.L., of London (fifth earl of Stanhope), died 

Dec. 24, 1875, aged 70 yrs. 10 mos. 24 days. 


1870. David Snow, of Boston, died Jan. 12, 1876, aged 76 yrs. 1 mo. 12 davs. 
1870. George-Williams Pratt, A.M., of Boston, died Jan. 14, 1876, aged 73 yrs. 
7 mos. 18 days. 

1858. Gen. John-Steele Tyler, A.M., of Boston, died Jan. 20, 1876, a fed 79 yrs. 

3 mos. 22 days. 

1868. Hon. Beamish Murdoch, D.C.L., of Halifax, N. S., died Feb. 9, 1876. aged 

75 yrs. 6 mos. 8 days. 

1855. Hon. William-Bradford Reed, LL.D., of New York, died Feb. IS, 1876, 
aged 69 yrs. 7 mos. 18 days. 

1859. Joshua-Perkins Converse, of Woburn, Mass., died March 16, 1876, aged 01 

yrs. 3 mos. 
1853. John-Merrill Bradbury, of Ipswich, Mass., died March 21 , 1876, a fed 57 yrs. 

4 mos. 21 days. 

1865. William-Elkanah Doggett, of Chicago, 111., died April 3, 1876, aged 53 yrs. 

4 mos. 6 davs. 

1869. Nathan Durfee, A.M., M.D., of Fall River, Mass., died April 6, 1876, aged 

76 yis. 9 mos. 18 days. 

1852. William-Blanchard Towne, A.M., of Milford, N.H. (Vice-President for New 

Hampshire), died April 10, 1876, aged 65 yrs. 5 mos. 29 days. 
1869. Hon. Henry-Philemon Haven, of New London, Conn. (Vice-President for 

Conn.), died .April 30, 1876, aired 61 yrs. 2 mos. 19 days. 
1847. Rev. William-Buell Sprague, D.D., LL.D., of Albany, N. Y., died May 7, 

1876, aged 80 yrs. 7 mos. 1 day. 
1845. Rev. Samuel-Hopkins Riddel, A.M., of Tamworth, N.H. , died June 1, 1876, 

aged 76 yrs. 5 mos. 

1860. Charles Campbell, A.B., of Petersburg, Va., died July 11, 1876, aged 69 yrs. 

2 mos. 10 days. 


;»>. Key. Frederick-William Chapman, A.M., of Rocky Hill, Conn., died July 21, 

1876, aged 69 yrs. 8 mos. 4 days. 
KO. Daniel-Franklin Child, of Boston, died Oct. 18, 1876, aged 73 yrs. 5 mos. 

8 days. 
!-.".?. Salomon Alofson, of Arnhem, Netherlands, died Oct. 19, 1876, aged 67 yrs. 

10 mos. 27 days. 
:• '). Abel Ball, M.D., of Boston, died Nov. 3, 1876, aged 65 yrs. 11 mos. 
,-'.1. Joshua-Putnam Preston, of Boston, died Dec. 10, 1876, aged 68 yrs. 5 mos. 

20 days. 

It will be seen by the above record, that the number of deaths, among 
the members of the Society, for the year, so far as is known to us, is twenty- 
three. Of these there were two vice-presidents, six corresponding members, 

veil life members, and eight resident members. The number of deaths is 
less by fifteen than the year preceding. The united ages of the twenty- 
three members deceased is fifteen hundred fifty-seven years, one month, 
twenty-one days, being an average of sixty-seven years, eight months and 
twelve days, a little short of the three-score years and ten of which the 
Psalmist speaks as the age of man. Compared, however, with the record 
of deaths in 1875, the average longevity is less by four years, five months 
and three days. 

Report of the Treasurer. 

The Treasurer, Benjamin B. Torrey, Esq., presented the following report : 

The total income for the year ending December 31, 187G, derived from 
annual assessments, admission fees, the income of the life-fund, and the 
library-fund, including a balance of $11.63 at the beginning of the year, 
amounts to . $2,955.73 

The ordinary expenses have been 2,692.94 

Leaving a balance in the treasury . . . . $262.79 

During the year the sum of $120 has been received for 
life-membership and added to the life-fund. 

A list of life-members added during the past year is hereto appended : 

Life- Me idlers in 1876. 

John-Coffin- Jones Brown, Boston, Mass. 
Darius-Daniels Farnum, Woonsocket, R. I. 
Francis-Henry Manning, Boston, Mass. 
Ebenezer-Coolbath Miiliken, Boston, Mass. 

Annexed hereto is a detailed statement of the financial affairs of the 



Jan. 1. To Balance brought from last year, $11. ci 

Dec. 81. Amount received for Admission Fees and Assessments of Members, &c. 1 ,, 

Amount of Income from Life Fund, i 

" " " Library Fund, Dy^.i , 


1870. To Balance from Account of last year, 
Jan. 1. Deposit in Savings Bank, .... 
Dec. 31. Savings Banks Dividends, .... 
" Sale of Books for the year 1&7G, 

28 .45 




1870. To Balance from Accoun fc of last year, 

Jan. 1. Original Donation, 

Dec. 31. Interest, on $800 Government Bonds, 1 year, at 6 per cent, in gold, . 

" Premium on the above, 

" 2 Dividends on 2 shares of stock in the Boston & Providence It. E. Co. 



4c. 00 




Jan. 1. 

Dec. 3i. 


To Amount from Account of last year, . $755.23 

Original Donations, 2,000,00 

Investment of Income, • 1,000.00 

Interest on $1,000 Sangamon Co. 111. 8 per cent. Registered Bond, No. 3G, 80.00 

Interest on $1,000 Mich. Cent. R. R. 8 per cent. Bond, No. 1125, one year, 80.00 

" on $1,000 O. & L. C. Sinking Fund 8 per cent. Bond No. 130, one yr. 80.00 


Jan. 1. 

Dec. 31. 


To Amount from last year's Account, 517.71 

Investment in former years, 8,000.00 

Interest on $1,000 O. C. & F. R. R. R. Bond, No. 803, one year, at 7 per cent. 70.00 

" on $1,000 Detroit and Bay City 8 per cent. Bond, .... 80.00 

" en $2,000 Mich. Cent. R. R. 8 per cent. Bonds, one year, . . 160.00 

" on $3,000 O. & L. C. R. R. 8 per cent. Sinking Fund Bonds, . 240.00 

" on $1,000 Sangamon Co. 111. Registered Bond, No. 30, . . 80.00 

Cash for Life Memberships, from the Treasurer, 120.00 





Uv Expense, Care of Room:- and Repairs 

<< Insurance, ... 

«• Librarian and Assistant, 

" Printing and Stationery, . 

«< Advertising and Postage, 

«' Freight and Expresses, . 

«« Fuel, Gas and Water, 

« Miscellaneous, . 

Dec 31. Balance carried to account for 1877, 



By Deposit in Roxbury Savings Bank, 

l'aid for Books, 

Balance in the hands of Trustees, . 


' 13.70 


By 1 5-20 Government Bend, 1861, No. 40215, 
1 5-20 " " " 24986, 

15-20 « " " 24987, 

1 6-20 " " " 249S8, 

2 Shares Stock in Boston k Providence R.R. Co. 
Binding 119 volumes of Books, 
Balance to account for 1S77, .... 



By 1 Michigan Central R. R. 8 per cent. Bond, No. 1125, 
1 O. k L. C. Sinking Fund 8 per cent. Bond, No. 13G, 
1 Sangamon Co. 111. Registered S per cent. Bond, 3G, 

D. Clapp k Son, for Printing, 

Balance to account for 1877, 








By 1 O. C. k F. R. Railroad 7 per cent. Bond, No. 803, due in 1577 
2 Michigan Central R. R. 8 per cent. Bonds, Nos. 1126 and 1127, 
1 Detroit and Bay City 8 per cent. Bond, No. 117, 

3 O. k L. C. R. Railroad 8 per cent Sinking Fund Bonds, Nos 
1 Sangamon Co. 111. 8 per cent. Registered Bond, No. 39, 
Income for the year 1876, carried to expense account, 
Balance to account fur 1877, . 

137, 138 and 139 





Dec. 31. Amount reported last year, $12,742.16 

Added to Fund in ls76, 125.00 

Interest on $10,000 Detroit and Bay City 8 per cent. It. It. Bonds, . . 800.00 

Interest on $2,000 Macon Co. 111. Registered 8 per cent. Bonds, . . . ICO.OO 

Interest on Note of $500 at 7 per cent 35.00 



Dec. 31. To balance from account of last year, $9.50 

" Deposit in Roxbury Sayings Bank, 50.16 

«' Savings Bank Dividends, 2.77 

" Sale of Books for 1S7G, 3.00 



Assets, Jan. 1, 1S77. 

Expense Account, cash, $202.79 

Bond Fund, , 580.50 

Barstow Fund, 1,025.22 

Towne Memorial Fund, - 3,982.23 

Life Fund, 8.637.74 

Library Fund, 12,867.16 

Cushman Fund, 65.43 





By 10 Detroit & Bay City 8 per cent. R. R. Bonds, Nos. 107 to 100, 13G to 141 and 145, $10,000.00 

2 Macon Co. 111. 8 per cent. Bonds, If os. 108 and 109, 2,000.00 

.Vote on demand, . * . 500.00 

Income for the year 1876 carried to Expense Account, 995.00 

Balance on hand, 307.16 



Dec. 31. 

By Deposit in Roxbury Savings Bi 
Balance in the hands of Trustees, 







Government Securities at par, 

O. C. & F. R. Railroad 7 per ct. Bond? 

2 Shares B. & P. Railroad Co. at par, 

3 Michigan Central Railroad S per ct. J 

4 O. & L. C. Railroad 8 per ct. Bonds, 
11 Detroit and Bay City 8 per ct. Bond 
2 Sangamon Co. 111. 8 per ct. Bonds, 
2 Macon Co. 111. 8 per ct. Bonds, 
Note' receivable, .... 
Roxbury Savings Bank, 
Trustees of Bond Fund, cash, 
Trustees of Barstow Fund, cash, . 
Trustees of Towne Memorial Fund, cash, 
Balance of Life Fund, cash, . 
Balance of Library Fund, cash, 
Balance of Cushman Fund, cash, 
Balance of Expense Account, 

TS, J 

AX. 1, 18 

This certifies that I have examined the foregoing Financial Statement, and find it 
correct and properly vouched. 

Chairman of the Finance Committee. 



Report of the Librarian. 

John Ward Dean, A.M., the librarian, presented his annual report, a,i 
follows : 

The whole number of bound volumes in the library, as reported 

last year, was 13,577 

Additions during the year 187 G ...... 3G2 

Whole number at the present time 

The whole number of pamphlets reported last year was 
Additions during the year . . 

Whole number at the present time 
Whole number of volumes and pamphlets 




The largest donors of volumes are William B. Trask, Esq., Col. Albert II. 
Hoyt, Iv ear-Admiral George Henry Preble, U.S.N., and Jeremiah Colburn, 
Esq. The largest donors of pamphlets are Messrs. David Clapp & Son, 
William 13. Trask, Esq., and the Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., president 
of Wabash College. 

A larger proportion than usual of the books presented have belonged to 
the specialties to which the library is devoted. 

Names of Donors of Boohs, Pamphlets, fyc, during the year 1876. 

The Albany Institute, 

Arthur-Martincau Alger, LL.B. 

George-Henry Allan, 

Salomon Alofsen, 

The American Antiquarian Society, 

The American Journal of Numismatics, 

The American Unitarian Association, 

"William-Sumner Appleton, A.M. 

The Astor Library, 

lion. William-J. Bacon, LL.U. 

Nelson-M. Baker, 

Kev. Samuel-C. Baldridge, 

David-Miller Balfour, 

George-W. Barber, 

Surgeon-Gen. Joseph-K. Barnes, U.S. A 

Mrs. Francis Bassett, 

Samuel Bassett, 

Col. Jedediah-H. Baxter, U.S.A. 

Hon. William- Worth Belknap, A.M. 

Hon. Charles-Henry Bell, A.M. 

Albany, N. Y. 
Taunton, Mass. 
New York City 
Arnheim, Netherlands 
Worcester, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
New York City 
Utica, N. Y. 
La Fayette, N. Y. 
Friendville, 111. 
Charlcstown, Mass. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Washington, J). C. 
Portsmouth, N. II. 
Chelsea, Mass. 
Washington, D. C. 
Washington, D. C. 
Exeter, N. II. 









.: --U. Bell, 

- ; .. Maj.-Gen. Il.-W. Benham, U.S.A. 
< irlcs Bliss, 
I'iit' B iston Atlienceum, 
i v Boston Provident Association, 
1 !♦• City of Boston, 
. . 1 1 t.s ton Public Li bra ry , 
,! r!m-Alonzo Boutelle, 
Mrs. John-Merrill Bradbury, 
Kev. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A.M. 
I rands- W . Brewer, 
Jonathan- Brown Bright, 
'j he Brookline Thursday Club, 
(Ion. John-Marshall Brown, A.M. 
Joseph-O. Brown, 
R iberdeau Buchanan, 
Edwin-W. Buswell, 
The Bureau of Education, 
Aaron-Davis Capen, 
R< >bert-Boodey Caverly , 
James-R. Chadwick, M.D. 
lion. Zachariah Chandler, 
Rev. Frederick- W. Chapman, A.M. 
George-Bigelow Chase, A.M. 
,1 >thara-G. Chase, 

Col. Joseph-Lemuel Chester, F.R.H.S. 
The Claremont Manufacturing Co. 
David CJapp &■ Son, 
Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D. 
Rev. George-F. Clark, 
Robert Clarke & Co. 
William-Smith Clark, LL.D. 
William Clogston, 
Jo?eph-II. Coates & Co. 
' 'harlcs-Carleton Collin, 
Jeremiah Colburn,' A.M. 
Tlie Concord Public Library, 
J. -Warren Cotton, 
Bun. Charles Cowley, 
Hon. Nathan Crosby, A.M. 
Rev. Samuel-Breck Cruft, A.M. 
H-J. Cundall, 
Rev. Samuel Cutler, 
A! .Tarn- Edwards Cutler, 
Rev. Edwin- A. Dalrymplc, D.D. 
Charles-H.-S. Davis, M.D. 
Hon. George-L. Davis, 
Charles Deane, LL.D. 
John- Ward Dean, A.M. 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Wakefield, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Woburn, Mass. 


Ipswich, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Waltham, Mass. 



Brookline, Mass. 


Portland, Me. 


New York City, 


Washington, D. C. 


Boston, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 



Boston, Mass. 


Lowell, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 


Rocky Hill, Ct. 


Boston, Mass. 


Springfield, Mass. 


London, Eng. 


Claremont, N. II. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Mcndon, Mass. 


Cincinnati, Ohio, 


Amherst, Mass. 


Springfield, Mass. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Concord, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Lowell, Mass. 



Lowell, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Charlottctown, P. E. 1. 


Boston, Mass. 


Charlestown, Mass. 


Baltimore, Md. 



New York City, 


North Andover, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 




Books. T 


Rev. Benj .-Franklin De Costa, 

Edward Denham, 

The Department of the Interior, 

Gen. John- Waits De Peyster, 

Hon. Charles Devens, LL.B. 

Melvil Dewey, A.B. 

Franklin-Bowditeh Dexter, A.M. 

George Dexter, 

Rev. Henry-Martyn Dexter, D.D. 

Samuel- A dams Drake, 

William Duane, 

Rev. Robert-P. DuBois, 

Dean Dudley, 

EInathan-F. Durcn, 

J.-F. Earwaker, M.A., F.S.A. 

Edmund-T. Eastman, M.D. 

Justin-W. Eaton, 

George-M. Elliott, 

George-E.. Emery, 

R v. Samuel-Hopkins Emery, 

The Essex Institute, 

Mrs. Hcnry-L. Eustis, 

Charles-Henry Fiske, A.B. 

Thomas-B. Flint, 

Waldo Flint, 

William-James Foley, 

Capt. Robert-Bennett Forbes, 

lion. Gustavus-V. Fox, 

Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D. 

Isaac-K. Gage, 

Wendell-Phillips Garrison, A.B. 

The Georgia Historical Society, 

Oliver Gerrish, 

Rev. Samuel-L. Gerould, 

Jobn-T. G ilia an, 

Elbridge-IIcnry Goss, 

Sylvester-C. Gould, 

The Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, 

Hon. James-Diman Green, A.M. 

Samuel- Abbott Green, M.D. 

The Town of Groton, 

Charles-Henry Guild, 

Hon. Eugene Hale, A.M. 

Miss Georgiana Haliburton, 

Prof. Edward- Window Hall, A.M. 

Capt. Robert-H. Hall, U.S.A. 

Hun. Samuel-H.-P. Hall, 

John-R. Ham, M.D. 

Edward Hamilton, 

New York City, 


New Bedford, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 


New York City, 


Worcester, Mass. 


Amherst, Mass. 


New Haven, Ct. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Melrose, Mass. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


New London, Pa. 


Boston, Mass. 


Bangor, Me. 


Manchester, Eng. 


Boston, Mass. 


Wakefield, Mass. 


Lowell, Mass. 


Exeter, N. 11. 


Taunton, Mass. 


Salem, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Weston, Mass. 


Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Milton, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Charlestown, Mass. 


Fisherville, N. H. 


Orange, N. J. 


Savannah, Ga. 


Portland, Me. 


Gofistown, N. II . 


Boston, Mass. 


Melrose, Mass. 



Manchester, N. II. 


Boston, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Groton, Mass. 


Somerville, Mass. 



Ellsworth, Me. 


Boston, Mass. 


Waterville, Me. 


West Point, N. Y. 


Bingham ton, N. Y. 


Dover, N. II. 



Greenfield, Mass. 






.» 11. Harrison, 

Davenport, Iowa, 


! .;.'.s-Honry Hart, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


j : ,f. Samuel Hart, 

Hartford, Ct. 


v.- - Mary-Davies Haskins, 

Cambridge, Mass. 



. Charles Hawley, D.D. 

Auburn, N. Y. 


J ; ri-Lord Hayes, A.M. 

Boston, Mass. 


1 ,. Samuel-H. Hayes, 

Boston, Mass. 



V .. llenry-A. Hazen, 

Billerica, Mass. 


;> :haniel-J. Herrick, 

Lawrence, Mass. 



H.imilton-A. Hill, 

Boston, Mass. 


Charles-Jeremy Hoadly, A.M. 

Hartford, Ct. 


Luiher-L. Holden, 

Boston, Mass. 


Davi 1-Parsons Holton, M.D. 

New York City, . 


C.-U". Horton, 

Peekskill, N. Y. 


Albert-Harrison Hoyt, A.M. 

Boston, Moss. 



Hon, Charles Hudson, A.M. 

Lexington, Mars. 


Hrig.-Gen. Andrew-A.Humphrey, Ch 


of Engineers, U.S.A. 

Washington, D. C. 


F.l ward-Rupert Humphrey, LL.D. 

Boston, Mass. 



,1 •,'ir's-F. Hunne^ell, 

Charlestown, Mass. 



Sudbury, Mass. 


1 1 iiicl-Thomas-Vose Huntoon, 

Canton, Mass. 


Walter-Lloyd Jeffries, A.B. 

Boston, Mass. 


Frederick-R. Jenkins, 

Boston, Mass. 


J <hn-Scribner Jenness, 

New York City, 


Nahum Jones, 

Warwick, Mass. 


Prof. John Johnston, LL.D. 

Middletown, Ct. 


Mrs. Il.-W.-O. Kellogg, 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Frederic ladder, 

Melrose, Mass. 


Sarnuel-T. Kidder, 

Andover, Mass. 


Bradford Kingman, 

Brookline, Mass. 


Hon. Frederick Kinsman, 

Warren, Ohio, 


Pit. Rev. Wilham-Ingraham Kip, 

D.D., LL.D. 

San Francisco, Cal. 


Rev. Charles-E. Knox, 

Blooinfield, N. J. 



lion, John-Jay Knox, 

Washington, D. C. 


William-Berry Lapham, M.D. 

Augusta, Me. 



Abbott Lawrence, LL.B. 

Boston, Mass. 


Prof. Leslie-A. Lee, A.M. 

Brunswick, Me. 



The Town of Leicester, 

Leicester, Mass. 


Francis-H. Lincoln, 

Boston, Mass. 


(•-urge Lincoln, 

Hingham, Mass. 


The Literary and Historical Society, 

Quebec, Canada, 


'•' n w-Thonias Littlefield, 

Charlestown, Mass. 


Mrs. Henry G. Loring, 

Brookline, Mass. 


<' ^n-Jacob Loud, A.M. 

Weymouth Landing 



J.-B. Lippincott & Co. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


Charles Martin, M.D. , U.S.N. 

Norfolk, Va. 



Hon. Silas-Nelson Martin, 

Wilmington, N. C. 



liookj. l»:i 


The Maryland Historical Society, 
The Massachusetts Coniruandery of the 

Loyal Legion of the United States, 
The Mass. Historical Society, 
The Mass. Horticultural Society, 
The Mass. Medical Society, 
The Mass. Soldiers' Fund Association, 
The Mass. School for Feeble Minded 

The Mass. State Board of Health, 
Miss Josephine May, 
Divie-Bethune McCartee, 
The Mercantile Library, 
Frank-W. Miller, 
The Minnesota Historical Society, 
William-Henry Montague, 
George-Henry Moore, LL.D. 
George Mountfort, 
Euoeh-Redington Mudge, 
Joel Munseil, 

Hon. Henry-Crude Murphy, A. 13. 
Rev. Artemas-Bowers Muzzey, A.M. 
Rev. Elias Nason, A.M. 
John-Bearse Newcomb, 
The New Jersey Historical Society, 
Cyrus Nowell, 
Horatio-Smith Noyes, A.M. 
Thomas-W. Odell, 

The Old Residents' Historical Association 
Albert-Boyd Otis, A.M. 
Prof. Charles-Pomeroy Otis, Ph.D. 
Dr. Andrew-J. Ourt, 
Peter-S. Palmer, 
Nathaniel Paine, 
J).- Williams Patterson, 
Hervey-Charles Pcchell , 
Benjamin Peirce, 
Hon. Henry-L. Pierce, 
The Pennsylvania Historical Society, 
Augustus-Thorndikc Perkins, A.M. 
Frederick-Beecher Perkins, 
The Perkins Institution for the Blind, 
Hon. Amos Perry, 
Rt Rev. Win. -Stevens Perry, D.D. 
Mrs. H.-E. Peyton, 
James-B. Pond, 

William-Frederick Poole, A.M. 
Major Ben-Perley Poor, 
The Portland Library Association, 

Baltimore, Md. 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Tokio, Japan, 


New York City, 



Portsmouth, N. 11. 


St. Paul, Minn. 


Boston, Mass. 


New York City, 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Albany, N. Y. 



Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Billerica, Mass. 


Elgin, 111. 

Newark, N. J. 


Portland, Me. 


Newton, Mass. 


Dayton, Ohio, 


> i 


, Lowell, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Harrisburg, Pa. 


Pittsburgh, N. Y. 


Worcester, Mass. 


Newark Valley, N.Y. 



Maresficld Park, Eng. 


Washington,!). C. 


Washington, D. C. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Providence, R. I. 


Davenport, Iowa, 


Jersey, Channel Islands, 


Boston, Mass. 


Chicago, 111. 


Washington, D. C. 


Portland, Me. 



j! u. Juscph-Whitcomb Porter, 
}; ;i r- Admiral Geo. -Henry Preble, 
i; :i. Renj. -Franklin Prescott, A.B. 
1 "• « kiiza-Susan Quincy, 
i:,v. Alunzo-Hall Quint, D.D. 
«'•,'. Charles-Augustus Ranlott, 

;» miel Ravenel, Jr. 
lion. Geo.-Maxwell Robeson, A.M. 
1 '. -P. Robinson, 
John Rogers, 
J. Rothschild, 
Gcorge-P. Roweli & Co. 
Benjamin-B. Russell, 
Prof. Edward-E. Salisbury, LL.D. 
Sampson, Davenport & Co. 
Frank-L. Sargent, 
Edward-H. Savage, 
L.-W. Schmidt, 
Gideon-Delaplaine Scull , 
Lt. Clinton-B. Sears, U.S.A. 
William Senter, 
Hon. William-P. Sheffield, 
Stephen Shcpley, 
Rev. J.-F. Shipman, 
John- Langdon Sibley, A.M. 
Nathaniel- A. Silloway, 
Albert Smith, M.D., LL.D. 
Benjamin-G. Smith, 
Elbridge Smith, 
Samuel Smith, 
Thomas-C. Smith, 
The Smithsonian Institution, 
Edwin-Miller Snow, M.D. 
The Society of Antiquaries, 
Rev. Samuel-J. Spalding, D.D. 
Sainuel-E. Staples, 
Alexander Starbuck, 
The State of Massachusetts, 
Hon. Lcwis-H. Steiner, M.D. 
Thomas-B. Stock-well, 
Rev. Edwin-M. Stone, 
Hon. William-S. Stryker, Adj. Gen. 
Rev. Increase-Niles Tarbox, D.D. 
Hon. Benj. -Franklin Thomas, LL.D. 
Rev. Augustus-C. Thompson, D.D. 
John-Wingate Thornton, A.M. 
Rev. Charles-II. Titus, 
George Tolman, 



Burlington, Me. 


U. S. Navy, 



Epping, X. 11. 


Boston, Mass. 

Dover, N. II. 


Billeriea, Mass. 


Chicago, 111. 


Charleston, S. C. 


Washington, D. C. 


Boston, Mass. 



Paris. France, 


New York City, 


Boston, Mass. 


New Haven, Ct. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


New York City, 


London, Eng. 


West Point, N. Y. 


Portland, Me. 


Newport, R. I. 


Fitchburg, Mass. 



Jewett City, Ct. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Peterboro', X. II. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Norwich, Ct. 


Worcester, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 


Providence, 11. 1. 


London, Eng. 


Newburyport, Mass. 


Worcester, Mass. 


Waltham, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Frederick, Md. 


Providence, R. I. 


Providence, R. 1. 


Newark, X. J. 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston. Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Concord, Mass. 




Joseph-M. Toner, M.D. 

William-Blanchard Towne, est. of, 

William-Blake Trask, 

William- W. Tucker, 

Alfred-T. Turner, 

Hon. Samuel-Adams Turner, 

Charles- Wesley Tattle, A.M. 

Rev. Joseph- Farrand Tuttie, D.D. 

Prof. Moses-Coit Tyler, A.M. 

The U. S. Coast Survey, 

The Vermont State Library, 

Charles-Harrison Vilas, M.D. 

Henry-Edward Waite, 

Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D. 

Elbridge Wason, 

Albert Welles, 

The Town Clerk of Wenham, 

Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D. 

William-W. Wheildon, 

William-G. Whilden, 

Capt. Ambrose-H. White, 

William-Henry Whitmore, A.M. 

Rev. Frederick-Aug. Whitney, A.M. 

Hon. Marshall- Pinckuey Wilder, 

James-F. Williams, 

Hon. Joseph Williamson, A.M. 

Frederiek-S. Winston, 

Hon. Robert-Charles Winthrop, LL.D. 

The Wisconsin State Historical Society, 

Hon. Samuel-Thomas Worcester, A. 13. 


l'.t ■>. 

Washington, D. C. 




Milford, N. H. 


Boston, Mass. 

c r> 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Scituate, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 




Crawfordsville, 111. 



Ann Arbor, Mich. 



Washington, D.C. 



Montpelier, Vt. 




Madison, Wis. 


West Newton, Mass. 


Portland, Me. 


Brooklino, Mass. 



New York City," 


Wenham, Mass. 


Chicago, 111. 



Concord, Mass. 



Charleston, S. C. 



Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 


Brighton, Mass. 



Boston, Moss. 



St. Paul, Minn. 




Belfast, Me. 


New York City, 


Boston, Mass. 




Madison, Wis. 


Nashua, N. II. 





Arthur-M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton, Mass., 2 pewter communion plates. 

Thomas-Hewson Bachc, M.D., Philadelphia, Penn., 2 maps. 

Joseph Ballard, Boston, Mass., 1 iile newspapers, 1 MS. 

Mrs. Francis Bassett, Portsmouth, 1 bust lion. John Davis. 

Charles- J.-F. Binney, Boston, Mass., specimens confederate paper, &c. 

Mrs. John-M. Bradbury, Ipswich, Mass., 4 early newspapers. 

Hon. Benjamin-H. Bristow, Washington, D. C.,233 specimens of confederate paper 

James-S. Buck, Milwaukee, Wis., several early newspapers. 
Harvey Carpenter, Boston, G broadsides. 
George-B. Chase, A.M., Boston, Mass., 1 file newspapers. 
Hon. John T. Clark, Boston, 1 heliotype. 
Hon. Samuel-C. Cobb, and Hon. John-T. Clark, Boston, J piece old Elm on Boston 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston, 9 early letters. 
Mrs. Lucretia-T. Coolidge, Dorchester, 1 daguerreotype. 

H.-J. Cundall, Charlottetown, Pr. Ed. Island, 1 abstract Meteorological Register. 
Rev. Edwin-A. Dairy tuple, D.D., Baltimore, Md., broadside. 


! , r linand-J. Dreer, Philadelphia, 1 engraving. 

, : v-K. Emery, Exeter, N. II., 5 maps. 

>'".-. II. -L. Eustis, Cambridge,- Plans Boston Estates. 

j; ., \WC. Flagg, Moro, 111., Newspaper cuttings. 

J i!ai S.-U. Fogg, M.D., South Boston, MSS. Records. 

1! n. Benjaniin-Apthorp-Gould Fuller, A.M., Boston, framed roll, Boston Sea 

Chester Guild, Boston, 1 lithograph. 

l; L v. David-Green Haskins, A.M., Cambridge, Mass., 11 MSS. 
Mr-. Mary-Davies Haskins, Cambridge, Mass., 1 newspaper. 
Nathaniel-J. Herrick, Lawrence, Mass., 3 broadsides. 
II nry-A. Homes, LL.D., Albany, N. Y., 2 maps. 
James-H. Howe, Webster, Mats., 1 early newspaper. 
Gcorge-R. Howell, Albany, N. Y., 1 newspaper article. 
Albeit-H. Hoyt, A.M., Boston, 1 broadside. 

Lieut. Col. James-H. Jones, U.S.N. , 1 portrait, 1 revolutionary relic. 
William Lawton, New Rochelle, N. Y., 1 map. 
Mrs. Henry- G. Loring, Brookline, Mass., 1 portrait. 
Jnhn-J. Loud, A.M., Weymouth Landing, Mass., 1 file newspapers. 
W.-W. Low, U.S.N. , Shanghai, China, 2 Chinese newspapers, 
lion. Hugh-D. McLellan, Gorhain, Me., 1 portrait. 
James-B. Metcalf, New York, N. Y., 1 family chart. 
Rev. Artemas-B. Muzzey, A.M., Cambridge, Mass., 2 curiosities. 
Theodore- A. Neal, Boston, 1 MS. 

Joel-W. Norcross, Lynn, Mass., 2 lottery tickets, framed. 
Prof. Charles-P. Otis, Ph.D., Boston, 1 file newspapers. 
Henry-A. Page, Boston, 1 file newspapers. 

Rev. Lucios-R. Paige, D.D., Cambridge, Mass., 3 years files of newspapers. 
Stephen- Whitney Phoenix, New York, N. Y., 2 sheet pedigrees. 
Rear-Adm. George-Henry Preble, U.S.N. , Newspaper cuttings. 
Bickford Pulsifer, Charlestown, 1 chart. 
Miss Eliza-S. Quincy, Boston, 1 bust Gen. Mitchell. 
J .-II. Stickney, Baltimore, Md., 1 engraving. 
Edward Strong, M.D., Boston, 10 heliotypes. 
John-Wingate Thornton, A.M., Boston, 1 map. 
George Tolman, Concord, Mass., circulars Concord Celebration. 
William-B. Towne,'A.M., Estate of, Milford, N. H., 1 broadside. 
Charles-H. Townsend, New Haven, Ct., I heliotype. 
William-B. Trask, Boston, 4 broadsides, 32 early newspapers. 
Rev. Eugene Yetromile, D.D., 90 coins. 
Thomas Warner, Cohocton, N. Y., 2 medals. 
Hcnry-Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.B., Salem, 1 MS. 
Alonzo-S. Weed, 1 lithograph. 
Hon. Richard- A. Wheeler, Stonington, Ct., Newspaper cuttings. 



Report of tut: Committee on the Library. 

James Frothingham Hunnewell, Esq., chairman, submitted the followhi" 
report : 

The Committee on the Library for the past year can report a fair de- 
gree of prosperity. The increase of the collection, although perhajis 
moderate or slow, has been steady. While many institutions and compa- 
nies have been obliged to show reduced or impaired resources, this SocJetv 
has coutinued to yield its usual, and even somewhat increased, returns to 
its members. The past year has not been one in which large gains could 
be expected, where gains must be chiefly by gifts. The committee has, in 
previous reports, made suggestions of the needs of the library, and to these, 
without additions now, reference is once more made, with the hope that 
when opportunity comes they will lead to action. Those who use the 
library for reference or study are aware of deficiencies in it, — deficiencies, 
let it be added, that present excellent openings for appropriate donations. 
The committee, or the librarian, will be very glad to furnish any informa- 
tion desired by those who wish to make useful contributions. 

The report of the librarian gives the statistics of the collection in his 
charge, especially for the year 187G. To his report this committee has the 
pleasure of directing attention for some account of works by members of 
the Society presented to the library since the last annual meeting,- — works 
that, as usual, show the variety and value of the subjects occupying their 
attention, and that add not a little to the sum of useful literature. 

In regard to the working library owned by the Societv, further informa- 
tion can be had from the Card Catalogue that, it is expected, will hereafter 
be found in the main room. In regard to the large mass of newspapers 
and pamphlets not yet arranged, the committee trust that the means of the 
Society will, before a long time, admit of the employment of the labor abso- 
lutely required for placing them in order, and by which the really valuable 
portions can be rendered accessible. 


Report of the Publishing Committee. 

The chairman of this committee, John "Ward Dean, A.M., made the fol- 
lowing report : 

The committee respectfully report that the New-England Historical and 
Genealogical Register has been regularly issued during the year. The 
October number completed the thirtieth volume of this periodical, the pub- 
lication of which was begun in the year 1817. It is now the oldest histo- 
rical and antiquarian magazine published in this country. 

The committee have the satisfaction of reporting also, that all the expenses 
of the Register for the year 1870 and the previous years have been paid 

.. {lie subscriptions and sales of the Register for those years, and that a 

. of $7.8-1 lias been carried to the account of the year 1877. 
pursuant to the order of the Society, the committee have also caused 
• ?;,; Proceedings at the last annual meeting to he printed and distributed. 

The discourse delivered by the Hon. Charles II. Bell, on the occasion of 
t '■;.■• dedication of the Society's House, was printed soon after its delivery, 
it remained in sheets till the present year, when an account of the pro- 
, dings was prefixed, together with a description of the House by the 
K ,v. Edmund F. Shifter, and the whole bound in pamphlet form, except a 
limited number in cloth intended for presentation to historical societies and 
public libraries. 

Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays. 

The chairman, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., presented the following 

Eight valuable papers have been read before the Society by the gentle- 
men hereinafter named, and upon the topics mentioned in connection with 
ihcir names respectively : — Capt. John S. Sleeper, of Boston, upon ''Piracy 
in the West Indies;" the Rev. Abijah P.Marvin, of Lancaster, Mass., 
upon the "Massacre at Lancaster, in King Philip's "War, 1676;" Bvt. 
Maj.-Gen. Henry W. Benham, U.S.A./ upon the " Laying of Ponton 
Bridges, in the Battle of Chancellors ville, Va. ; " George AY. Ware, Jr., Esq., 
of Belmont, upon a "• Tour in Spain;" Henry W. Holland, Esq., of Cam- 
bridge, upon ''William Dawes, in connection with Paul Revere's famous 
Midnight Bide;" the Rev. Elias Nason, of North Billerica, Mass., upon 
'•The Law of Progress under the Light of History;" the Hon. James W. 
Austin, of Boston, upon "New England in the Pacific;" William C. 
Bates, Esq., of Newton, Mass., upon the " Life and Revolutionary Ser- 
vices of Col. Joseph Ward ; " and by Sidney Brooks, Esq., of "Boston, upon 
'* Harwich, and Incidents in the History of Cape Cod." 

Report of the Committee on Heraldry. 

The Hon. Thomas- C Amory, the chairman, being absent, his report was 
submitted through Augustus T. Perkins, Esq., a member of the committee, 
as follows: 

The services of the Committee on Heraldry have been less frequently in 
request the past year; but they have placed themselves at the disposal of 
their associates needing their aid. Whenever information in our department 
may be desired by persons residing at a distance from libraries containing the 
standard authorities, we think it should be understood that for the cost of 
copying, where of any length, abstracts can be procured. A small annual 
appropriation for the purchase of new works upon our subject is recom- 

mended, and the new edition of the General Armory of Sir Bernard B 
now in preparation, should be purchased when published. 

The descriptive list of the seals attached to the Jeffries Papers found 
under the garret floor of Faneuil Hall, which appears in the Registki: 
for January, has attracted attention. Anion" late contributions to heral- 
die literature, is a collection of the arms of the several states, many ol 
them interesting from the historical incidents or local characteristics thev 
suggest. The work would have possessed an additional value for future 
generations if more of what is now known in relation to the circumstances 
attending their selection accompanied the shields. The history of the arm:, 
of Massachusetts will be remembered as one of peculiar interest. Present 
tendencies being towards centralization and obliteration of state lines im- 
pairing what were once regarded as important bulwarks of republican insti- 
tutions, whatever serves to remind us of their meaning has its use. After the 
bitter lessons of our recent past, these emblems, it is to be hoped, will never 
again be displayed tattered and stained in hostile ranks in internecine war- 
fare, but in' that more generous rivalry which contributed at Philadelphia to 
render memorable our centennial jubilee, long wave over the victories of 

Report of the Bond, Baestow, Cushman and Towne Funds. 

Col. Almon D. Hodges, chairman of the Trustees of these funds, reported : 

That, during the last year, there was received on account of the Bond 
Fund, from the sales of books $31. 50, for interest $28.45; making the 
total receipts for the year $50.95. Six books have been purchased from 
the income at an expense of $13.70. The fund now amounts to $580.50, 
of which $539.20 is placed at interest, and $41.30 is in the hands of the 
Trustees, but will be deposited in the Institution for Savings in Roxbury 
before the 15th instant. 

The income of the Barstow Fund last year was $08. G2, which, with the 
balance unexpended in January last, $G3.G5, amounts to $132.27, of which 
$107.05 has been expended for binding 119 volumes, leaving a balance of 
$25.22 to be carried to the account of 1877. The fund is $1000.00. 

The receipts on account of the Cushman Fund were $3.00, and the fund 
is now $05.43, of which $52.93 is placed at interest, and $12.50 is in the 
hands of the trustees. 

The income of the Towne Memorial Fund was $240.00, of which $13.00 
was expended for printing under the direction of the late chairman, William 
B. Towne, Esq., the founder of the fund, leaving a balance of $227.00, 
which, with $3000.00 invested and $755.23 on hand in January last, 
amounts to $3982.23. 

The financial statement reported by the treasurer at this meeting will 
furnish information as to the securities in which the several funds are 



JANUARY 1 , 1877. 

Note.— In this List of Members, the dates of admission to the respective kinds of membership 

;:iven at the left of the names. To these dates are added, in parentheses, in the list of life 

• rs, the dates of admission to the Society as resident or correspondent members. 

i in: present residences are given when known to us, or, otherwise the last known residences, 

•'.,-•• at the time of admission. Corresponding members were, for a few years after the in- 

-n»<»ration of the Society, elected within as well as without the limits of New England. The 

.11 ike was soon abandoned, and now residents of New Ihigland are not constitutionally eligible 

corresponding members, and the elections are also restricted to a small number. 


(R. 1870.) 

3 870. 

(It. 1870.) 


(R. 1870.) 


(IV. I860.) 


(R. 1846.) 
(R. 1853.) 
(R. I860.) 
(R. 1873.) 


(R. 18G2.) 


(R. 1852.) 


(R. 1863.) 


(R. 1850.) 
(R. 1871.) 
(R. 1869,) 
(R. 1865.) 


(R. 1871.) 


(R. 1S70.) 
(R. 1851.) 


(R. 1857.) 


(R. 1872.) 


(R. I860.) 


(R. 1869.) 
(R. 1870.) 


(R. 1873.) 
(R. 1855.) 


Alvin Adams, WatertOwn, Mass. 
James Adams, Jr., Charlestown, Mass. 
Samuel Adams, Milton, Mass. 
Simeon-Pratt Adams, Charles town, Mass. 
Ebenezer Aldeu, M.D., Randolph, Mass. 
Hon. Stephen-Merrill Allen, LL.B., Duxbury, Mass. 
John-Locke Alexander, A.M., M.D., Boston, Mass. 
Oliver Ames, North Easton, Mass. 
Holmes Aunnidown, New York, N. Y. 
William-Turell Andrews, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
William Appleton, Boston, Mass. 
William-Sumner Appleton, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
Samuel Atherton, Boston, Mass. 
lion. Roger Averill, Danbury, Conn. 
Abraham Avery, Boston, Mass. 
Walter-Titus Avery, A.B., New York, N. Y. 
Josiah- Giles Bachelder, Brookline, Mass. 
Hon. John-Israel Baker, Beverly, M'ass. 
William-Emerson Baker, Boston, Mass, 
Byron-Anastasius Baldwin, Erie, Penn. 
Simeon-Eben Baldwin, New Haven, Ct. 
Elisha Bassett, Boston, Mass. 
Alfred-Hubbard Batcheller, Boston, Mass. 
Benjamin-Edward Bates, Boston, Mass. 
Alexander Beal, Brookline, Mass. 


1871. (R. 1871.) James-Henry Beal, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1865.) Aaron-Heywood Bean, BostoD, Mass. 
18G8. (It. 1855.) Henry-Truman Beckwitli, Providence, R. I. 

1872. (R. 1870.) Albert-Decatur-Spaulter Bell, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (It. 18G8.) lion. Charles-Henry Bell, A.M., Exeter, N. JI. 

1871. (R. 1870.) Austin- Williams Benton, Brookline, Mass. 

1872. (R. 1872.) Quincy Bicknell, Hingham, Mass. 
1867. (C. 18GG.) Ledyard Bill, New York, N. Y. 

1863. (It. 1805.) George-Dana-Boardman Blanchard, Maiden, Mass. 

18G9. (R. 1869.) Eliphalet-Wickes Blatchford, Chicago, 111. 

187<>. (It. 1805.) Cornelius-Newton Bliss, New York, N. Y. 

1872. (It. 1872.) Horace-Denison Bradbury, East Cambridge, Mass. 

18G7. (R. 1856.) Rev. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1803. (R. 1850.) Jonathan-Brown Bright, Waltham, Mass. 

1870. (It. 185G.) Hon. Edward Brooks, A.M., Medford, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) John- Woods Brooks, Milton, Mass. 

1870. (R. 18G7.) Hon. Haydn Brown. West Newbury, Mass. 

187 G. (It. 1808.) John-Collin-Jones Brown, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (It. 1869.) Hon. Edwin-Holmes Bugbee, Killingly, Conn. 

18G8. (R. 18G8.) Hon. Alexander-Hamilton Bullock, EL.D., Worcester, 


18C9. (R. I860.) Benjamin-Franklin Burgess, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (It. 1858.) William-Alvord Burke, Lowell, Mass. 

18G8. (R. 1868.) Edward-Payson Burnham, Saco, Maine. 

1863. (It. 1863.) Charlcs-Chauncey Burr, Boston, Mass. 

18G3. (It. 1855.) Alvah- Augustus Burrage, Boston, Mass. 

18G9. (It. 1869.) Peter Butler, Quincy, Mass. 

1863. (R. 1858.) John-Wilson Candler, Brookline, Mass. 

1870. (R. 18GG.) Dexter-Harrington Chamberlain, W. Roxbury, Mass. 

18GG. (R. 1858.) George Chandler, M.D., Worcester, Mass. 

1870. (It. 1863.) Nathaniel-Gates Chapin, Brookline, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1869.) George-Bigelow Chase, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1868.) Jotham-Gould Chase, Springfield, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Benjamin-Pierce Cheney, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1851.) Addison Child, Boston, Mass. 

18G0. (R. 1846.) Isaac Child. Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) Gardner Chilson, Mansfield, Mass. 

1873. (It. 1873.) Hon. William Clallin, LL.D., Newton, Mass. 
1870. (R. \m{).) Col. William- Warland Clapp, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 18G2.) Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston, Mass. 
1875. (R. 1875.) David-Oakes Clark, Milton, Mass. 

1872. (R. 1871.) Rev. George-Faber Clark, Mendon, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1869.) Henry-Martyn Clarke. Boston. Mass. 

18G9. (R. 1859.) Rev. James-Freeman Clarke, D.D., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1855.) Hon. James- Wilson Clark, Framingham, Mass. 

1870. (It. I860.) Hon. Samuel-Crocker Cobb, Boston, Mass. 

1872. (R. 1872.) Ethan-Nelson Coburn, Charlestown, Mass. 

1870. (P. 1870.) Hon. Gerry- Whiting Cochrane, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1863.) Robert Codman, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) William-Edward Collin, Boston. Mass. 

1871. (R. 1874) Hon. George Cogswell, A.M., M.D., Bradford, Mass. 


j -''."i. (R. 18(57.) Jeremiah Colburn, A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

' ,;-it. (K. 1870.) Elisha-Slade Converse, Maiden, Mass. 

, - ; i. (R. 1871.) James-Cogswell Converse, Boston, Mass. 

1*71. (R. 1871.) James-Wheaton Converse, Boston, Mass. 

!>; l. (R. 1863.) Deloraine-Pendre Corey, Maiden, Mass. 

1s7j. (R. 1856.) Rev. William-Mason Cornell, M.D., D.D., LL.D., 

Boston, Mass. 

1 <7<), (R. 1809.) Hon. Charles Cowley, Lowell, Mass. 

IS71. (R. 1869.) George Craft, Brookline, Mass. 

1-7:;. (R. 1673.) Hon. Samuel-Leonard Crocker, A.M., Taunton, Mass. 

)<G3. (R. 1802.) Hon. John Curamings, Woburn, .Mass. 

1-71. (R. 1806.) Rev. David-Quinby Cushman, A.B., Bath, Maine. 

1>7<). (R. 1809.) Rev. Samuel Cutler, Boston, Mass. 

I,s73. (R. 1861.) Abram-Ed wards Cutter, Charlestown. Mass. 

1*72. (R. 1S03.) lion. Charles-Chase Dame, Newburypart, Mass. 

1871. (R, 1809.) Major George Daniels, Milford, N. H. 

1873. (R. 18-30.) Henry Davenport, Boston, Mass. 

1*75. (R. 1875.) Hon. George-Lucie n Davis, North Andover, Mass. 

1859. (R. 1850.) John-Ward Dean, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1858. (R. 1815.) Edmund-Bachelder Dearborn, Boston, Mass. 

J>7'». (R. 1870.) John-Newton Denison, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) lion. George-Parkman Denny, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R, 1870.) Oliver Ditson, Boston, Mass/ 

1870. (R. 1853.) Hon. Josiah Dunham, South. Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1808.) Harry-Herbert Edes, Charlestown, Mass. 

1873. (R. 1873.) Robert- Henry Eddy, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) William Endicott, Jr., Boston. Mass. 

18G2. (R, 1859.) Edward-Franklin Everett, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

1S70. (11. 1803.) Percival-Lowell Everett, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (11. 1870.) Ezra Farnsworth, Boston. Mass. 

1876. (R. 1807.) Darius-Daniel Farnnm, Woonsocket, R. I. 

1*70. (R. 3 870.) Ebenezer-Trescott Farrington, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Alfred Fawcctt, Boston, Mass. 
1871. (R, 1871.) Warren Fisher, Jr., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1808.) Hon. Charles-Lewis Flint, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) John-Smith Fogg, Weymouth, Mass. 
1809. (R. 1809.) John Foster, Boston, Mass. 

1875. (R. 1875.) Hon. Gustavus-Vasa Fox, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1809.) Charles-William Freehold, Boston, Mass. 
1808. (R. 1808.) Jonathan French, Boston, Mass. 

1872. (R, 1870.) Prof. William Gammell, LL.D., Providence, R. I. 

1870. (R, 1870.) Nathan-Bourne Gibbs, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) William-Taylor Glidden, Boston, Mass. 

1*03. (R. 1802.) Abner-Cheney Goodell, Jr.. A.M., Salem, Mass. 

1*70. (R. 1809.) Samuel-Henry Gookin, Boston, Mass. 

1*70. (R. 1858.) Samuel-Abbott Green, A.M., M.D.. Boston, Mass. 

1*71. (R. 1870.) lion. William Greene. A.M., East Greenwich, R. I. 

1803. (R. 1845.). William- Whitwell Greenough, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. I860.) Charles-Henry Guild, Somerville, Mass. 
1*03. (R. 1800.) Hon. Charles-Bingley Hall, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1808.) Hon. Ililand Half LL.D., North Bennington, Vt. 


1870. (R. 1870.) George- Warren Harding, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Leonard-Bond Harrington, Salem, Mass. 

1872. (R. 1870.) Caleb-Fiske Harris, A.M., Providence, R. I. 
1870. (R. 1870.) James Haughton, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1855.) Franklin Haven, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R, 1871.) Ezra Hawkes, Chelsea, Mass. 

1873. (R. 1852.) Hon. John-Plumer Healy, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 
1875. (11. 1858.) Hon. Francis-Brown Hayes, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1870.) John Heard, Boston, Mass. 

1872. (R. 186-1.) Col. John-Trull Heard, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1870.) John Hill, Stoneham, Mass. ' • 
1870. (R. 1850.) William Hilton, Boston, Mass. 

18GC. (R. 1850.) Peter Hobart, Boston, Mass. 

1850. (R. 1852.) Col. Almon-Danforth Hodges, Boston, Mass. 

18G5. (R. 1805.) Rev. Richard-Manning Hodges, A.M., Cambridge, 


18G0. (R. 18G0.) Hon. Alexander-Hamilton Holly, Salisbury, Conn. 

18G8. (R. 1808.) David-Parsons Holton, M.D., New York, N. Y. 

1860. (R. 18G0.) Charles-Dudley Romans, A.M., M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (11. 1870.) William-Stevens Houghton, Boston, Mass. 

18G8. (R, 1866.) Col. Albert-Harrison lloyt, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1863.) Francis-Josiah Humphrey, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Horatio-Hollis Hunnewell, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 18G8.) James-Frothingham Hunnewell, Charlestown, Mass. 

1803. (R. 1861.) Wellington-La-Garonne Hunt, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.1 Francis Jaques, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Francis-Marshall Johnson, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1.870.) Samuel Johnson, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Frederic Jones, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1866.) Rev. Henry Jones, Bridgeport, Ct. 

1873. (R. 1873.) Col. James-Hemphill Jones, U. S. Marines, Charles- 

town, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Josiah-Moore Jones, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1865.) Nahum Jones, Warwick, Mass. 
18G0. (R. 1869.) Eben-Dyer Jordan, Boston, Mass. 
18G3. (R, 1863.) Martin-M. Kellogg, New York, N. Y. 
1870. (R. 1851.) Edward Kidder, Wilmington, N. C. 
18G3. (R, 1840.) Frederic Kidder, Melrose, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1850.) Henry-Purkett Kidder, Boston, Mass. 
18G3. (R. 1853.) John-R. Kimball, Woburn, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1863.) Carmi-E. King, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Franklin King, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) James-Reynolds Knott, Boston, Mass. 

1869. (R. 1869.) Hon. George-Horatio Kulm, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) Thomas Lamb, Boston,- Mass. 

1866. (R. 1865.) Rev. Thomas-Ricker Lambert, D.D., Charlestown, 


1875. (R. 1875.) William-Thomas Lambert, Charlestown, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1865.) Williams Latham, A.B., Bridgewater, Mass. 
18G3. (R. 18 17.) Amos- Adams Lawrence, A.M., Brookline, Mass. 
I860. (R. 18G0.) Edward Lawrence, Charlestown, Mass. 







1 870. 

R. 1871.) William-Richards Lawrence, M.D., Brookline, Mass. 

K. 1870.) William Lawton, New Rochclle, N. Y. 

R. 1863.) Gen. Henry Lee, A.M., Brookline, Mass. 

R. 1853.) Manning Leonard, Southbridge, Mass. 

R. 1847.) Hon. Frederic- Walker Lincoln. A.M., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1845.) Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A.M., Hingharn, Mass. 

R. 1869.) James-Lovell Little, Boston, IMass. 

R. 1872.) Hon. Isaac Livermore, Cambridge, Mass. 

R. 18C7.) John-Jacob Loud, A.M., "Weymouth, Mass. 

R. 1870.) Ariel Low, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1870.) Abraham-Thompson Lowe, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1866.) Henry Lyon, M.D., Chaiiestown, Mass. 

R. 1871.) John-Emery Lyon, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1868.) Sylvanus-Jenkins Macy, New York, N. Y. 

R, 1868.) Rev. Willard-Francis Mallalieu, D.D., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1S7G.) Francis-Henry Manning, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1868.) Hon. Silas-Nelson Martin, Wilmington, N. C. 

R, 1870.) Nathan Matthews, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1859.) John-Joseph May, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1873.) Hon. Aaron -Claflin Mayhew, Milforcl, Mass. 

R. 1855.) Rev. James-Howard Means, D.D., Dorchester, Mass. 

R. 1871.) Charles Merriam, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1875.) Ebenezer-Coolbroth Milliken, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1861.) Hugh Montgomery, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1871.) Levi-Parsons Morton, New York, N. Y. 

R. 1871.) Edward-Strong Moselcy, A.M., Newbnryport, Mass. 

R. 1805.) Alfred Mudge, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1871.) Hon. Enoch-Rediugton Mudge, Boston, Mass. 

R, 1857.) Joel Munsell, Albany, N. Y. 

R. 1873.) Nathaniel- dishing Nash, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1847.) Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., North Billerica, Mass. 

R. 1850.) Theodore-Augustus Neal, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1853.) Gen. Josiah Newhall, Lynniield, Mass. 

R. 1871.) Lyman Nichols, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1808.) Hon. Otis Norcross, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1870.) Benjamin-Franklin Nourse, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1850.) Samuel-Bradley Noyes, A.M., Canton. Mass. 

II. 1870.) Rev. David-Temple Packard, A.M., Brighton, Mass. 

R. 1873.) George-Taylor Paine, Providence, R. I. 

R. 1862.) Samuel-Trask Parker, Wakefield, Mass. 

R. 18C5.) Francis Parkman, LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1847.) William Parsons, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1871.) Samuel-Russell Payson, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1808.) William-Smith Peabody, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1868.) Hon. Asahel Peck. Montpelier. Vt. 

R. 1853.) Ira-Ballou Peck, Woonsocket, R. I. 

R. 1803.) Augustus-Thorndike Perkins, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1870.) William Perkins, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1870.) George-Has well Peters, Boston, Mass. 

R. 1870.) William-Cowper Peters, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

R. 1806.) Henry-White Pickering, A.M., Boston, Mass. 





R, 1870.) 
R. 1871.) 
R. 1852.) 
R. 1874.) 
R. 1871.) 
R. 1871.) 
R. 1853.) 
R. 1870.) 
R. 1870.) 
R. 1650.) 
R. 1864.) 
R. 1857.) 
R. 1858.) 
R. 1869.) 
R. 1870.) 
R. 1875.) 
R. 1863.) 
R. 1871.) 
R, 1871.) 
R, 1870.) 
R. 1851.) 
R. 1870.) 
It. 1868.) 
R. 1871.) 
R. 187 0.) 
R. 1871.) 
It. 1870.) 
It. 1873.) 
R. 1865.) 
R. 1871.) 

R. 1873.) 
It. 1870.) 
It. 1871.) 
R. 1869.) 
R. 1861.) 
It. 1868.) 
R. 1870.) 
It. 1870.) 
R. 1870.) 
R. 1873.) 

R. 1870.) 
C. 1861.) 

It. 1870.) 
It. 1870.) 
It. 1871.) 
R. 1870.) 
It. 1870.) 
(It. 1869.) 

Hon. Henry-Lillie Pierce, Boston, Mass. 

Avery Plumer, Boston, Mass. 

Alfred Poor, Salem, Mass, 

Lemuel Pope, Hingham, Mass. 

Rear- Admiral George-Henry Preble, U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Jonathan Preston, Boston, Mass. 

"William-Gibbons Preston, Boston, Mass. 

Bickford Pulsifer, Charlestown, Mass. 

Thomas-Dennie Quincy, Boston, Mass. 

Thomas-Dennie Quincy, Jr., Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Alonzo-Hall Quint, D.D., Dover, N. II. 

Edward-Sprague Rand, A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

Edward-Sprague Rand, Jr., A.M., Boston, Mass. 

Hon. Alexander-Hamilton Rice, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 

Henry-Augustus Rice, Boston, Mass. 

Lewis Rice, Boston, Mass. 

Albert-Lewis Richardson, Boston, Mass. 

Hon. George-Carter Richardson, Boston, Mass. 

Nathan Bobbins, Arlington, Mass. 

Royal-Elisha Bobbins, Boston, Mass. 

John-Parmelee Robinson, Boston, Mass. 

Hon. John-Rodman Rollins. Lawrence. Mass. 

Joseph-Samuel Ropes, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

Matthias-Den man Ross, Boston, Mass. 

Stephen-Preston Rubles, Boston, Mass. 

Prof. John-Daniel Runkle, A.M., Ph.D., Boston, Mass. 

Edward Russell, Boston, Mass. 

Nathaniel-Johnson Rust. Boston, Mass. 

Nathaniel-Foster Safford, A.B., Milton, Mass. 

Edwin-IIolbrook Sampson, Boston, Mass. 

Hon. George-Partridge Sanger, LL.D., Cambridge, 

Hon. Samuel-Elwell Sawyer, Gloucester, Mass. 
Benjamin Scwall, Boston, Mass. 
Benjamin Shrove, Salem, Mass. 
Rev". Carlos Slafter, A.M., Dedham, Mass. 
Rev. Edmund-Parwell Slafter, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
Hon. Jacob Sleeper, Boston, Mass. 
Rev. Asa-Dodge Smith, D.D., LL.D., Hanover, N. II. 
Benjamin-Greene Smith, Cambridge, Mass. 
Col. Henry Smith, Boston, Mass. 
Lieut. Com. Joseph-Adams Smith, LL.B., Paymaster 

U. S. Marines, Charlestown, Mass. 
William-Brown Spooner, Boston, Mass. 
Thomas Spooner, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
David-Dunlap Stackpole, Boston, Mass. 
TimothyAYadsworth Stanley, New Britain, Conn. 
Daniel-Baxter Stedman, Boston. Mass. 
Hon. Caleb Stetson, Boston, Mass. 
Benjamin-Franklin Stevens, Boston, Mass. 
George Stevens, Lowell, Mass. 


!>7»>. (R. 1867.) Alexander Johnston Stone, M.D., St. Paul, Minn. 

I>7!. (R. 1871.) Alexander Strong, Boston, Mass. 

1-7". (R. 1847.) Gen. William Sutton, Peabody, Mass. 

\*r>. (R. 1871.) Cyrus-Henry Taggard, Boston, Mass. 

!>71. (R. 1871.) John-Gallison Tappan, Boston, Mass. 

1^-73. (R. 1873.) George-Luther Thayer, Boston. Mass. 

]-;:». (R, 1869.) Nathaniel Thayer, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

i>7<>. (R. 1870.) Albert Thompson, Boston, .Mass. 

|s71. (R. 1805.) Edwin Thompson, Boston, Mass. 

1*72. (R. 1870.) Leonard Thompson, Woburn, Mass. 

1*74. (K. 1871.) George-Newton Thomson, M.D., Boston, IMass. 

1870. (11. 1855.) George-Quincy Thorndike, A.M., Newport. R. I. 
186:3. (R. 1844.) John- Wingate Thornton, A.M.. LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R, 1871.) Supply-Clap Thwing, Boston, Mass. 
1>7<). (R. 1870.) Minot Tirrell, Weymouth, Mass. 
1*70. (R, 1868.) lion. Edward-Silas Tuber, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) William-Cleaves Todd, A.M., Boston. Mass. 
1864. (R. 1804.) Benjamin-Barstow' Torrey, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1807.) Hon. Ebenezer Torrey, Fitchbunr, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1869.) Arthur-French Towne, Boston, Mass. 
18C8. (R. 1807.) John-Parker Towne. A.B., Edgerton, Wis. 

1870. (R. 1870.) Thomas-Davis Townsend, Boston, Mass. 
1858. (R. 1851.) William-Blake Trask. Boston, Mass. 
1 S69. ( R. ] 800.) William- Warren Tucker, A.M., Boston. Mass. 
18i 1. (R. 1871.) Nathaniel-Wing 'Punier, West Newton, Mass. 
1868. (R. 1805.) Charles-Wesley Tnttle, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1800. (II. 1803.) Hon. Ginery twitchell, Brookline, Mass. 

1872. (R. 3 805.) Gen. Adin-Ballou Underwood. A.B., Newton, Mass. 
1*75. (R. 1800.) Hon. Roland-Greene Usher, Lynn. Mass. 

1871. (R. 1800.) Rev. Eugene Vetromile, D.D., Eastport, Me. 

1863. (R. 1803.) Rev. John- Adams Vinton, A.M.. Winchester, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1870.) Thomas-Crane Wales, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1803.) Hon. Samuel-Hurd Wallev, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1864. (R. 1804.) Andrew-Henshaw Ward. Bridgwater, Mass. 
1868. (P. 1858.) Joseph-Harrison 'Ward. Melrose, Mass. 
1*72. (R. 1870.) Hon. George-Washington Warren. A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1872. (R. 1871.) Moses-ConatU Warren, Brookline, Mass. 
1874. (R. 1874.) Eli Washburn, Bridgwater, Mass. 
1803. (P. 1801.) Nehemiah Washburn, Brookline, Mass. 
1805. (R. 1805.) Elbridge Wason, Brookline, Mass. 
1874. (R. 1870.) William-Holcomb Webster, A.M., Washington, D.C. 
1870. (R. 1868.) Aaron-Davis Weld, Boston, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1809.) Hon. Francis-Minot Weld. A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) William-Fletcher Weld, Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1870.) Rev. Joshua-Wyman Wellman. D.D., Maiden, Mass. 
1805. (R. 1851.) Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., Chicago, 111. 

1870. (R. 1870.) Philip-Henry Wentworth, Boston, IMass. 
1868. (R. 1808.) Samuel-Hidden Wentworth. A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Capt. Ambrose- Haskell White, Boston, Mass. 
1800. (R. 1858.) John-Gardner White, A. 31., Cambridge, Mass. 
1870. (R. 1858.) Hon. Joseph White, LL.D., Williamstown, Mass. 



18G8. (R. 1863.) Charles-Octavius Whitmore, Boston. Mass. [Mass. 

1870. (R. 185-3.) Rev. Frederick-Augustus Whitney, A.M.. Allston, 

1863. (R. 1856.) Henry-Austin Whitney, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1868. (R. 1868.) John-Greenleaf Whittier, A.M., Amesbury, Mass. 

1863. (R. 1850.) Hon. Marshall-Pinckney Wilder, Dorchester, Mass. 

(R. 1863.) 
1865. (R. 1865.) Edward-Chase Wilson, Brookline, Mass. 

1863. (R. 1863.) Hon. Moses-Thompson Willard, M.D., Concord, N.II. 

1872. (R. 1855.) Hon. Robert-Charles Winthrop, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 

1872. (R. 3850.) Joslma-Huntington Wolcott, Boston, Mass. 

1869. (C. 1855.) Cyrus Woodman, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1870.) John Wooldredge, Lynn, Mass. 

1871. (R. 1871.) Eben Wright, Boston, Mass. 

1870. (R. 1808.) John-Harvey Wright, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1858. (R. 1850.) Thomas-Bellows Wyman, Charlestown, Mass. 


1852. Hon. diaries Adams, North Brookiield, Mass. 

1873. Theodore-Parker Adams, A.B., Boston, Mass. 
1875. Waldo Adams, Boston, Mass. 

1875. Arthur-Martin eau Alger, LL.B., Taunton, Mass. 

1876. George-Hay ward Allan, New York, N. Y. 
1875. Charles-Willard Allen, Boston, Mass. 

1806. Rev. Ephraim- Williams Allen, A.B., Haverhill, Mass. 

18G5. Frederick-Dearie Allen, Boston, Mass. 

1861. George-Ellis Allen, West Newton, Mass. 

1875. Justin Allen, A.B.. M.D., Topsfield, Mass. 

1861. William Allen, A.M., East Bridgewater, Mass. 

1865. Azel Ames, M.D., Wakefield, Mass. 

1875. John-Davis Ames, Biughamton, N. Y. 
1855. Thomas-Coffin Amory, A.M., Boston, Mass, 

1876. John-Farwell Anderson, Portland, Me. 

1872. John-Forrester Andrew, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1874. Hon. James- Walker Austin, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1875. Hon. Edward Averv, Boston, Mass. 

1868. George-Whitfield Avery, M.D., Hartford, Ct. 

1873. Francis-Walker Bacon, Boston, Mass. 

1864. Hon. John-William Bacon, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1867. Lewis-Brooks Bailey, Boston, Mass. 

1868. Robert-M. Bailey, Boston, Mass. 

1871. Edmund-dames Baker, Boston, Mass. 

1865. George-William Baldwin, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

18 08. Hon. John-Dennison Baldwin, A.M., Worcester, Mass. 

1864. David-Miller Balfour. Charlestown. Mass. 

1874. John-Nathaniel Barbour, Boston, Mass. 

1869. Edward-Tobey Barker, Charlestown, Mass. 

1870. George-Lyman Barr, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
1876. Edwin-Shepard Barrett, Concord. Mass. 

I860. Hon. John-Russell Bartlett, A.M.', Providence, R. I. 

1872. Samuel Batchelder, Cambridge, Mass. 


1-7";. Phineas Bates, Jr., Boston, Mass. 

1~7L William-Carver Bates, Newton, Mass. 

1-71. Frank- Forbes Battles, Lowell, Mass. 

; -;.». James-Monroe Battles, Lowell, Mass. 

1 -> 7 1>. Augustus-Ramsay Bayley, Cambridgeport, Mass. 

1S75. Rev. Charles-Cotesworth Beaman, Boston, Mass. 

1-71. Alanson- Wilder Beard, Boston, Mass. 

}m;s. John-James Bell, A.M., Exeter, N. II. 

1 -;s. Charles- Vose Bemis, A.B., M.D., Medford, Mass. 

1874. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Henry- Washington Benham, U.S.A., Boston, Mass. 
1870. Hon. Edmund-Hatch Bennett, A.M., Taunton, Mass. 

1870. Thomas- Williams Bicknell, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1SG7. William-Emery Bicknell, Boston, Mass. 

1864. George-Brooks Bigelow, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1SG8. John Bigelow, Boston, Mass. 

1870. James- Wallace Black, Boston, Mass. 

1871. Francis-Everett Blake, Boston, Mass. 
1873. Richard Bliss, Jr., Cambridge, Mass. 

1864. Ilalsey-Joseph Boardman, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1876. Rev. Joshua-Langley Bodfish, Boston, Mass. 

18GS. George- William Bond, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1855. John-Alonzo Boutelle, Woburn, Mass. 

1875. Hon. John Boyd, A.M., West Winstcd, Ct. 
1875. Joseph-Russell Bradford, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1875. Henry- Willard Bragg, A.B., Charlestown, Mass. 

1850. Samuel-James Bridge, San Francisco, Cal. 
1858. Richard Briggs, Brookline, Mass. 

1871. Horn John-Miner Brodhead, M.D., Washington, D. C. 

18T5. Sidney Brooks, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1851. William-Gray Brooks, Boston, Mass. 

1870. Calvin Brown, Civil Engineer, U.S.N., Mare Island, Cal. 

1871. David-Henry Brown, A.B., West Medford, Mass. 
18G8. John-Marshall Brown, A.M., Portland, Me. 
187G. Joseph Burnett, Boston, Mass. 

1872. Randall- Gardner Burrell, Boston, Mass. 
1SG0. Rev. Solon- Wanton Bush, A. 15., Boston, Mass. 
187G. Jolm-IIaskeli Butler, A.B., Boston, Mass. 
1870. Hon. John-Adams Butt rick, Lowell, Mass. 
1870. Williani-Pelby Cabot. Boston, Mass. 

1876. Rufus-George-Frederick Candage, Boston, Mass. 

1873. William-Tolman Carlton, Boston, Mass. 

1874. Alfred-Gowen Carter, Woburn, Mass. 
1876. Herbert-Schaw Carruth, Boston, Mass. 
1864. Edward-Montague Cary, Milton, Mass. 

1S70. Rev. Alexis Caswell, D.D., LL.D., Providence, R. I. 

1867. Robert-Boodey Caverly, Lowell, Mass. 

1875. Benjamin- Allen Chace, Fall River. Mass. 

1869. Isaac-Borden Chace, Fall River, Mass. • 

1870. Dudley-Richards Child, Boston, Mass. 
18G6. David Clapp, Boston, Mass. 

1871. Ebcnezer Clapp, Boston, Mass. 

4 4 




187.1. John-Calvin Dodge, A.B., Cambridge, Mass. 


Reuben-Rawson Dodge, Wilkinsonville, Mass. 

I860", lion. Benjamin Douglass, Middletown, Cfc. 

1874, Otis DrurV, Boston, Mass. 
1854. Dean Dudley, Boston, Mass. 

1860. James-Alexander Dupee, Brookline, Mass. 

1875. William-Bullard Dm ant, A»M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 
1800. Ambrose Eastman, Boston, Mass. 

1858. Edmund-Tucker Eastman. M.D., Boston, Mass/ 

1860. Warren-Everett Eaton, Charlestown, Mass. 

1866. Henry Edwards, Boston, Mass. 

1875. Janus G. Elder, Lewiston, Me. 

I860. Harrison Ellery, Boston, Mass. 

1875. Hon. George-P. Elliott, Billerica, Mass. 

1875. Warren Emerson, Boston, Mass. 

1860. George-Edwin Emery, Exeter, N. II. 

1870. Otis Clapp, Boston, Mass. 

1875. John-Taylor Clark, Boston, Mass. 

1867. Samuel-Curtis Clarke, Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

1873. Rev. Sereno-Dickinson Clarke, A.Ik. North Somerville, Mass. 

1871. Thomas- William Clarke. A.B., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1871. William-Smith Clark, LL.D., Amherst, Mass. 
1862. Ogden Codman, South Lincoln, Mass. 

1866. Charles-Carleton Coffin, Brookline, Mass. 

Edward-Russell Cogswell, A.M., M.D., Cambridgeport, Mass. 

J Ion. John-Bear-Doane Cogswell, A.B., LL.B., Yarmouthport, Ms. . 

William-Ogilvie Comstoek, Greenfield, Mass. 

1872. Henry Cook, Boston. Mass. 

1874. Joseph-Jesse Cooke. Providence, R. I. 

1850. Austin-Jacobs Coolidge, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1864. William-Wade Cowles, Boston, Mass. 

1866. Samuel-Walley Creech, Jr.. Boston, Mass. 
1855. Uriel Crocker', Boston, Mass. 

1876. Hon. Nathan Crosby, A.M., Lowell, Mass. 
1857. Daniel-Bates Curtis, Boston, IMass. 

1867. Rev. Christopher Cushing, D.D.. Boston, Mass. 
1872. Lawrence-Brown Cushing, Newburyport, 
1860. Elisha-Pomeroy Cutler, Jr., Boston," Mass. 

1870. William-Richard Cutter, Lexington, Mass. 

1860. Edwin-Irving Dale, Boston, Mass. 

1861. Abram-Aimis Dame, Boston, Mass. 

1871. Albert-Forster Damon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

1871. Daniel-Edwin Damon, Plymouth, Mass. 

1868. Moses-Grant Daniell, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1860. Benjamin-Baker Davis, Brookline, IMass. 

1868. Charles-Henry-Stanley Davis, M.D., New York, N. Y r . 

1868. Hon. Edward-Swain Davis. Lynn, IMass. 

1845. Charles Deane, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

1872. Stephen-Grant Deblois, Boston. IMass. 
1874. Elias-Hasket Derby, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Henry-Martyn Dexter, D.D., Boston, IMass. 


I. Charles Endicott, Detroit, Mich. 

V.. Eugene-Francis Endicott, Boston, Mass. 

' I. George-Munroe Endicott, Canton, .Mass. 

'.">. Eon. Coustantiue-Canaris Esty, A.M., Framingham, Mass. 

;2. Charles-Sumner Fellows, Chicago, 111. 

."». John-Brooks Fenno, Boston, Mass. 

'7. Rev. Joseph-Maria Finotti, Arlington, Mass. 

17. Rev. James-Hill Fitts, Topsfield. Mass. 

-8. John-Samuel-Hill Fogg, M.D., South Boston, Mass. 

.0. William-James Foley, Boston, Mass. 

o. Capt. Robert-Bennett Forbes, Milton, Mass. 

'>. Edward-Jacob Forster, M.D., Charlestown, Mass. 

IS. Moses-Field Fowler, Boston, Mass. 

802. Samuel-Page Fowler, Danvers, Mass. 

803. Rev. William- Chauncey Fowler, LL.D., Durham Centre, Ct. 
SCO. Henry- W. French, Boston, Mass. 

847. Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D., Charlestown, Mass. 

8G0. Theophilus -Clinton Frye, Lawrence. jNImss. 

870. Arthur-Greenwood Fuller, Boston, Mass. 

809. Benjamin-Apthorp-Gould Fuller, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

803. Henry-Weld Fuller, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

858. Thomas Gaffield, Boston, Mass. 

870. James-Freeman-Dana Garfield, Fitchburg, Mass. 
8G7. Hon. William-Sewall Gardner, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
87G. Frederick-Lewis Gay, Boston, Mass. 

859. Charles-Frederic Gerry, A.M., Hyde Park, Mass. 

871. Marcus-Davis Gilman, Montpelier, Vt. 
x~'2. Joseph-Beale Glover, Boston, Mass. 

870. Delano-Alexander Goddard, A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

872. Hon. William Goold, Windham, Me. 

870. George-Augustus Gordon, A.M., Lowell, Mass. 
809. Elbridge-Henry Goss, Melrose, Mass. 

871. Henry-Augustus Gowing, Boston, Mass. 

874. Rev. George-William Green, Boston, Mass. 

855. Hon. James-Diman Green, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

870. Charles-Pelham Greenough, A.B., LL.B.. Quincy, Mass. 

870. Charles-Edward Grinnell, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

S00. Henry-B. Groves. Boston, Mass. 

870. Armand Guys, Boston, Mass. 

870. Christopher-Ainory Hack, Taunton, Mass. 

807. George-Silsbee Hale, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

875. Josiah-Little Hale, A.M., M.D., Boston, Mass. 

808. Theodore-Poole Hale, Boston, Mass. 

808. Alonzo-Adams Hamilton, Boston, Mass. 
870. George- Warren Hammond, Grafton, Mass. 

870. John- Wilkes Hammond. A.M.. Cambridgeport, Mass. 

807. Hon. Benjamin- Winslow Harris, LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

809. Hon. Peter Harvey, Boston, Mass. 

809. Rev. David-Greene Haskins, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

809. David-Greene Haskins, Jr.. A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

870. Ralph Hawkins, Boston, Mass. 


18G7. John-Tyler Hassam, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1875. Walter Hastings, Boston, Mass. 

1876. Simon- William Hathaway, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1874. John-Milton Hawkes, M.D., Hyde Park, Mass. 
1853. Elias-S. Hawley, Buffalo, N. Y. 

187G. Rev. Charles- Wells Hayes, A.M., Portland, Me. 

1876. Rev. Stephen-Hobbs Hayes, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. Hon. Rowland Hazard, A.B., Peace Dale, R. I. 

1875. Rev. Henry-Allen liazen, A.M., Billerica, Mass. 

1870. Hon. Learned Hebard, Lebanon, Ct. 

1871. Charles-Amasa Hewins, Boston, Mass. 

1868. Col. Thomas- 'Went worth Higginson, A.M., Newport, R. I. 
1870. Clement-Hugh Hill, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1865. Edwin-Judkins Hill, Boston, Mass. 

1870. Hamilton-Andrews Hill, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1873. Bvt. Maj.-Gen. Edward- Winslow Hincks, Milwaukee, Wis. 
1867. John-Emory Hoar, A.M., Brookline, Mass. 

1870. Luther-Loud Holden, Boston, Mass. 

1850. Rev. Frederick-West Holland, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

1875. Henry- Ware Holland, LL.B., Cambridge, Mass. 

1875. Howland Holmes, A.M., 31.1)., Lexington, Mass. 
I860. Robert Hooper, Boston, Mass. 

.1862. Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

1860. Prof. Eben-Norton Horsford, A. 31., Cambridge, Mass. 

1874. Frank-Edwin Hotchkiss, New Haven, Ct. 

1876. Charles- Wells Hubbard, Weston, Mass. 

1858. Josiah Woodbury Hubbard, Boston, Mass. 
1855. Hon. Charles Hudson. A.M., Lexington, Mass. 

1860. Edward-Rupert Humphreys, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 

1871. Franklin Hunt, Boston, Mass, 

1872. Daniel-Thomas- Vose Huntoon, Canton, Mass. 

1873. John-Codman Hurd, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1875. Rev. Charles-Lewis Hutchins, A.M., Medford, Mass. 

1859. Col. William-Vincent Hutchings, Boston, Mass. 
1871. Hon. William Hyde, Ware, Mass. 

1873. Walter-Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1866. Rev. Henry-Fitch Jenks, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1863. Samuel Jennison, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1861. Hon. Harvey Jewell, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1869. Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., Hartford, Ct. 
1865. Nahum Jones, Warwick, Mass. 

1862. George- Washington Jonson, Gas})ort, N. Y. 

1860. Hon. James-Munroe Keith, A.B., Boston, Mass. 

1870. Martin-Parry Kennard, Brookline, Mass. 
1855. Samuel-Smith Kilburn, Boston, Mass. 

1864. Henry-C. Kimball, Stoughton, Mass. 

1863. Abner- Augustus Kingman, Boston, Mass. 

1861. Bradford Kingman, Brookline, Mass. 

1875. Beverly-Oliver Kinnear, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1870. George-Brown Knapp, A.M., Auburndale, Mass. 

1874. Capt. Samuel- Richardson Knox, U.S.N., Everett, Mass. 













] >:>:>. 








• 18G2. 









18 GO. 









1 858. 



18 GO. 









Rev. James-Pillsbury Lane, A.B., Bristol, II. I. 

William-Berry Lapham, A.M., M.D., Augusta, Me. 

Abbott Lawrence, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

William-Hathaway-Clarke Lawrence, Boston, Mass. 

Francis-Henry Lee, Salem, Mass. 

Klisha-Clarke Leonard, New Bedford, Mass. 

John-Allen Lewis, Boston, Mass. 

George Lincoln, Hingham, Mass. 

George-Edwin Lincoln, Cambridge, Mass. 

Lemuel Little, Cambridge, Mass. 

George-Thomas Littlefield, Charlestown, Mass. 

Ephraim Lombard, Boston, Mass. 

Samuel-Pierse Long, Boston, Mass. 

Eleazer-Burbank Loring, Boston, Mass. 

Nathaniel-Phillips Lovering, Boston, Mass. 

William Makepeace, Boston, Mass. 

William- Rufus Mann, Sharon, Mass. 

Charles Martin. M.D., Medical Director, TJ.S.N., Norfolk, Va. 

George-Henry Martin, Bridgewater, Mass. 

Theophilus-Rogers Marvin, A.M., Brookline, Mass. 

Jonathan Mason, Boston, Mass. 

Lyman Mason, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

William-Frederic Matchett, Boston, Mass. 

Frederick- Warren- Goddard May, Boston, Mass. 

Hon. Hugh-Davis McLellan, Gorham, Me. 

Y\ r illiarn- Gordon Means, Boston, Mass. 

Hon. John-George Metcalf, M.D., Mendon, Mass. 

Hon. Asa Millett, M.D., Bridgewater, Mass. 

Thomas Minns, Boston, Mass. 

Bobert-Gibson Molineux, Boston, Mass. 

William-Henry Montague, Boston, Mass. 

Rev. John-Hopkins Morison, D.D., Milton, Mass. 
John-Todd Moulton, Lynn, Mass. 

George Mountfort, Boston. Mass. 

Rev. Artemas-BoM'ers Muzzey, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

Cheever Newhall, Boston, Mass. 

Sereno-Dwight Nickerson, A.M., LL.B., Brookline, Mass. 

John-Oscar Norris, B.S., Melrose, Mass. 

Frederick-Russell Nourse, Boston, Mass. 

Charles-Edward Noyes, Boston, Mass. 

George Noyes, Boston, Mass. 

Horatio-Smith Noyes, A.M.. Newtonville, Mass. 

James-Ripley Osgood, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

Albert-Boyd Otis, A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

Charles-Pomeroy Otis, A.M., Ph.D., Boston, Mass. 

William-Hussey Page. M.D., Boston, Mass. 

Rev. Lucius-Robinson Paige, D.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

Nathaniel Paine, Worcester, Mass. 

Rev. Edwards-Amasa Park. D.D., Andover, Mass. 

Augustus Parker, Boston. Mass. 

David McCaine Parker, M.D., Boston, Mass. 


18G9. Hon. Francis-Jewett Parker, Newton, Mass. 

1873. Francis-Vose Parker, Boston. Mass. 

1873. Capt. William- Albert Parker, U.S.N., East Boston, Mass. 

1873. John-Phillips Payson, Chelsea. Mass. 

1875. Thomas-Bellows Peck, A.B., Melrose, Mass. 

18G0. Gen. Ebenezer- Weaver Peirce, Freetown, Mass. 

1873. Frederic-Beecher Perkins, Boston. Mass. 

1873. Horatio-Nelson Perkins, A.B., Melrose, Mass. 
I860. Hon. Henry-Oliver Perry. Southport, Ct. 
1850. William Pierce, Charlesrown. Mass. 
187G. Stephen-Minot Pitman. Ph.B., College Hill, Mass. 
18G8. Hon. Luke-Potter Poland. LL.D.. St. Jolmsbury, Vt. 
187G. Alexander-Svlvanus Porter, Brookline, Mass. 

1870. Rev. Edward-Griffin Porter, A.M., Lexington, Mass. 

1874. Hon. Joseph- Whitcomb Porter, Burlington, Me. 
1850. Eleazer-Franklin Pratt, Boston, Mass. 
1848. David Pulsifer, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1871. Rev. George Punchard, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1875. Hon. John- Phelps Putnam, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1858. Hon. Josiah Quincy, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1853. Capt. Charles-Augustus Ranlett, Billerica, Mass. 

1874. Charles-Andrew Reed, A.B., Taunton, Mass. 
18G9. Frank-Wayland Reynolds, Boston. Mass. 

1875. Rev. Grindall Reynolds, A.M., Concord. Mass. 
1875. Albert-Louis Richardson, Last Woburn, Mass. 
187L Benjamin-Heber Richardson, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

1857. Hon. William-Adams Richardson, LL.D., Washington, D. C. 

1870. Sidney-Smith Rider, Providence, R. I. 

1874. John Rogers, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1871. John-Prentice Rogers, Boston, Mass. 

1870. Charles-William Romney, Boston, Mass. 

1859. John-Codman Ropes, A. 15., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 
18G0. John Ruggles, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1873. Benjamin-Belcher Russell, Boston, Mass. 

1873. Rev. Edward-Grenville Russell, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

3 870. Rev. Ezekiel Russell, D.D., Holbrook, Mass. 

18GG. George Russell, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

187G. Samuel-Hammond Russell. Boston, Mass. 

1859. Hon. Lorenzo Sabine, A.M.. Boston, Mass. 

1871. Daniel-Waldo Salisbury, Boston, Mass. 

185G. Hon. Leverett Saltoustall, A.M., LL.B., Newton, Mass. 

1873. Frederick-Coleman Sandibrd. Nantucket, Mass. 

1855. Aaron Sargent, North Sotnerville, Mass. 

1859. Hon. John Sargent. Cambridge. Mass. 

1859. Rev. John-Turner Sargent, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

18G0. William-Augustus Saunders, Cambridge, Mass. 

1859. George-O. Sears. Boston, Mass. 

1855. Philip-Howes Sears, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

18G3. Charles- Augustus- Billings Shepard, Boston, Mass. 

1875. Stephen Shepley, Fitchburg, Mass. 

1869. Rev. Thomas-William Silloway, Boston, Mass. 


:•'/!. George-Arthur Simmons, Boston, Mass. 

i -;.'.. Charles- Wesley Slack, Boston, Mass. 

1 - ■':•. Rev. Samuel-Rugbies Slack, Weymouth, Mnss. 

I ■■;<>. Daniel-Denison Slade, A.B., M.D., Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

1*7". Hon. John-Sherburne Sleeper, Boston, Mass. 

1*»X Elijah Smalley, Boston, Mass. 

\>'u». George- Gircller Smith, Boston, Mass. 

i> ;•>. Thomas-Carter Smith, Boston, Mass. 

|.s7«>. Winfield-Scott Smith, Washington, D. C. 

\s\\%. Gustavus-Adolphus Somerby, Boston, Mass. 

] 670- Arthur-John-Clark Sowden, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1m.iI. Rev. Samuel-Jones Spaulding, D.D., Newburyport, Mass. 

1MJ9. Richard-Pratt Spencer, Deep River, Ct.- 

1*74. Henry- Harrison Sprague, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1S71. Clinton-Warrington Stanley, A.B.. Manchester, N. II. 

1^73. Alexander Starbuck, Waltham, Mass. 

1<sG9. Charles-Augustus Stearns, Boston, Mass. 

1858. Josiah-Atherton Stearns, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1*76. Oliver-Bliss Stebbins, Boston, Mass. 

1^7*». Lebbeus Stetson, Somerville, Mass. 

1854. Rev. Moses-Parsons Stickney, A.M., Bethel, Vt 

3S74. Amos Stone, Everett, Mass. 

1875. lion. EbenrFrancis Stone, A.M., LL.B., Newburyport, Mass. 
18G7. William Stowe, Boston, Mass. 

1865. Austin Sumner, Boston, Mass. 

1861. Hales- Wallace Suter, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1870. Clark Swallow, East Bridge water, Mass. 

1874. Hon. Charles-Francis Swift, Yarmouth Port, Mass. 

1863. Rev. Increase-Niles Tarbox, D.D., West Newton, Mass. 

1868. John- Watson Taylor, Newton, Mass. 

1874. Rear-Admiral William-Rogers Taylor, U.S.N., Newport, R. I. 

1876. Fred Tebbits, Milford, .Mass. 

1870. William Temple. East Woburn, Mass. 
187-3. Benjamin-Holt Ticknor, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1803. Rev. William-Phillips Tilden, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1874. Rev. Hemau-Rowlee Timlow, A.M., Hamden, Ct. 

1875. Samuel-Everett Tinkham, B.S., Boston, Mass. 
1857. George-Thomas Thacher, Boston, Mass. 

187G. Henry-Charles Thacher. Yarmouth Port, Mass. 

1874. Peter Thacher, A.M., West Newton, Mass. 

1871. Rear-Admiral Henry-Knox Thatcher, U.S.N., Winchester, Mass. 

1857. David Thayer. M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1872. Rev. William-Makepeace Thayer, A.B., Franklin, Mass. 

1858. Strong-Benton Thompson, Boston, Mass. 

1865. Samuel-Lothrop Thorndike, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1868. Hon. Ariel-Standish Thurston, Elmira, N. Y. 

1872. George Tolman, Concord, Mass. 

1871. Henry-Elmer Towiisend, A.M., M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1874. Ebenezer-Bancroft Towne, North Raynham, Mass. 

1876. Hon. Charles-Russell Train, A.M., Boston, Mass. 
1871. Joseph-Warren Tucker, Boston, Mass. 



1875. Arthur- Webster Tufts, Boston, Mass. 

1875. Prof. Benjamin-Franklin Tweed, A.M., Cambridge, Mass. 

1870. James-Humphreys Lpham, Dorchester, Mass. 

1873. Hon. James-Madison Usher, West Medford, Mass. 

1871. Rev. Alexander-Hamilton Vinton, D.D., Boston, Mass. 
1857. Peter-Ebenezer Vose, Dennysville, Maine. 

1875. Henry-Edward Waite, "West Newton, Mass. 

1875. Henry Walker, A.Ik, Boston, Mass. 

1874. Joseph-Burbeen Walker, A.B., Concord, In. H. 

1870. George-Washington Ware, Jr., A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 
1SG5. Franklin-Cooley Warren, Boston, Mass. 

1875. John-Collins Warren, A.Ik, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1864. Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., Portland, Me. 

1871. Charles-Cotesworth-Pinckney Waterman, Sandwich, Mass. 

1865. Edward-Stanley Waters, A.M., Chicago, 111. 

1872. Henry-Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.B., Salem, Mass. 
1875. William-Crowninshield Waters, Boston, Mass. 
1875. Rev. John Weiss, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1875. William-Gordon Weld, Boston, Mass. 

1853. Hiram Wellington, A.M., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 

1875. William-Low Weston, Dan vers, Mass. 
1867. Jeremiah-Otis Wetherbee, Boston, Mass. 
1809. Hon. Richard- Anson Wheeler, Stonington, Ct. 
I860. George- William Wheelwright, Boston, Mass. 
1870. William- Willder Wheildon, Concord, Mass. 
1857. William- Wirt Whitcomb, Boston, Mass. 

1857. Hon. George White, A.M., LL.B., Newton Lower Falls, Mass. 

1867. William Whitman, Boston, Mass. 

1854. William-Henry Whitmore, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

1874. George-Augustus Whiting, Boston, Mass. 

1876. George-Thompson Wiggin, B.S., Hyde Park, Mass. 

1857. lion. Ezra Wilkinson, A.M., Wrentham, Mass. 

1875. William-Henry Wilder, Brookline, Mass. 

1858. Alexander Williams, Boston, Mass. 

1868. James-Fouques Williams, Boston, Mass. 
1874. Hon. Joseph Williamson, A.M., Belfast, Me. 

1860. Rev. Edmund-Burke Willson, A.M., Salem, Mass. 
1873. John-Boynton Wilson. Charlestown, Mass. 
1870. Almerin-Henry Winslow, Chicago, 111. 

1861. Hon. Charles-Levi Woodbury, Boston, Mass. 
1S67. Charles Woolley, Waltham, Mass. 

1867. Erastus Worthington, A.B., LL.B., Dedham, Mass. 



i <\: t . Hon. George Bancroft, LL.D., D.C.L.. Washington, D. C. 

|- \2. Sir John Bernard Burke, LL.D., Dublin, Ireland. 

K:>. lion. Nathan Clifford, LL.D., Just. Supr. Court, Washington, D. C. 

is*;:). Rev. Edwin-Augustus Dalrymple, D.D., Baltimore, Md. 

jsij'J. Gen. Ulysses-Simpson Grant, LL.D., President of the United 

States, Washington, D. C. 

|*G2. Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D., Portland, Maine. 

!-7G. Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., Middletown, Ct. 

]s7.k Rear- Admiral Joseph Smith. U.S.N., Washington, D. C. 

ls55. Hon. Peleg Sprague, LL.D., Boston, Mass. 

1*54. Russell Sturgis, A.M., London, England. 

18G1. M. Louis-Adolphe Thiers, Paris, France. 


1855. John-Stevens Abbott, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

185G. Henry Adams. Peoria. 111. 

1858. William-Henry Allen. LL.D.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

1847. Rev. Horatio Alger, A.M., Marlboro', Mass. 

1857. Samuel-Austin Allibone, LL.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

LSio. Ellis Ames, A.B., Canton, Mass. 

1847. Hon. John Appleton, LL.D., Bangor, Maine. 

LS17. Hon. John-James Babson, Gloucester, Mass. 

1857. William Bache, Bristol, Pa. 

1845. Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Ct. 
1870. Hon. William-Johnson Bacon, LL.D., Utica, N. Y. 
1800. George- W. Bagby, Richmond, Ya. 
LSGD. Charles-Candee Baldwin, A.M., LL.B.. Cleveland. Ohio. 

1846. Hon. Henry Barnard, LL.D., Hartford, Ct. 
18GL Hon. Joseph-Hartwell Barrett. Washington, D. C. 

1847. Rev. William Barry, A.M., Chicago, 111. 
1855. Hon. Thomas-Wells Bartlev. Mansfield, Ohio. 
1800. Rev. Henry- Ward Beecher,' A.B., Brooklyn, N. Y. • 
1SG1. Rufus-R. Belknap, Brooklyu, N. Y. 
1850. Rev. Henry-Whitney Bellows, D.D., New York, N. Y. 
1850. William-Cushing Binney, Amesbury, Mass. 

1857. John-Lauris Blake, Orange, N. J. 
1850. Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D.. Taunton, Mass. 
1874. Rev. George-Beatson Blenkin. A.M., P>oston, England. 
1*04. Rev. Robert Bolton, Lewisboro', N. Y. 
1846. Hon. Lucius-Manlius Bolt wood, A.B.. Hartford, Ct. 
18G0. Joseph-Blackburne Bond. Yarmouth, N. S. 
1^70. Spencer Bousall, Philadelphia, Pa. 
1817. Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D.D., Concord, N. H. 

1858. Edward-Eaton Bowen, New York, N. Y. • || 


1 859. 


Henry-Chandler Bowen, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Thomas Bradley, Jamaica, N. Y. 

Hon. George-Arnold Bravton, LL.D., Warwick, R. I. 

Rev. Charles Breck, D.D., Wellsboro', Pa. 

James-Carson Brevoort, LL.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Robert-Alonzo Brock, Richmond, Va. 

Linus-Pierpont Brocket, A.M., M.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Asa- Warren Brown, Cincinnati, ( >hio. 

Rev. Frederick Brown, A.M., F.S.A., Beckenham, Kent, England. 

Jo! in- Dickson Brans, A.M., M.D., New Orleans, La. 

John-Randolph Bryan, Columbia, Va. 

William-Cullen Bryant, LL.D., Roslyn, N. Y. 

James-Smith Back, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Edward- Dawson Buckman, Bristol, I'a. 

Rev. William-Ives Budington, D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Joseph-Edmund Bulkley, New York, N. Y. 

Edward Burgess, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Charles-Ira Bushnell, New York, N. Y. 

Prof. James-Davie Butler, LL.D., Madison, Wis. 

Amos-B. Carpenter, Waterford, Yt. 

Prof. George-Loveil Cary, A.M., Meadville, Pa. 

L'abbe Henry-Kamond Casgrain, Riviere Ouelle, Canada. 

Hon. Melien Chamberlain, IjI^.B., Chelsea, Mass. 

Samuel-Trowbridge Champnev. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. Seth Chandler, Shirley, Mass. 

Franklin Chase, Tampico, Mexico. 

Richard-Stephen Charnock, F.S.A., London, Eng. 

William Chauncey, New York. N. Y. 

Col. Joseph-Lemuel Chester. F.R.H.S., Bermondsey, London, Eng. 

Rev. Richard-Manning Chipman, A.B., Jewett City, Conn. 

Hon. llovey-Kilbnrn Clarke, Detroit, Mich. 

Robert Clarke, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

C.-H. Cleveland, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Rev. Lyman Coleman, D.D., Easton, Penn. 

Rev. Chauncey Colton, D.D., Cumberland, Md. 

Jose]jh-Andre-Casimir Conte, Marseilles, France. 

Rev. John Cordner, D.D., Montreal, Canada. 

Peter Cooper, New York, N. Y. 

Gilbert Cope, West Chester, Penn. 

Capt. Augustus- Whittemore Corliss, United States Army, Camp 

McDowell, Arizona. 
William Cothren, A.M., Woodbury, Conn. 
Andrew-Fuller Crane, Baltimore, Md. 
Hiram-P. Crozier, New York, N. Y. 
Hon. Caleb Cushing, LL.D., Madrid, Spain. 
Rev. James-Royal Cushing, Waquoit, Mass. 
William-Theodore Cushing, Rochester, N. Y. 
Jacob-M. DaCosta, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hon. John Daggett, A.M., Attieboro', Mass. 
Amzi-Benedict Davenport, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Rev. Thomas-William Davids, Colchester, England. 

I " i t . 


3 -OS. 


; -:r,. William-Gilbert Davie?, A.M., New York, N Y. 

I s.*,i. Kcar-Adm. Charles-Henry Davis, LL.D., U.S.N. , Washington, D. C. 

M7. Hon. George-Thomas Davis, LL.B., Portland Me. 

Rev. John-Bathurst Deaue, A.M., F.S.A., Bath, England. 

Rev. Benjamin-Franklin DeCosta, New York. N. Y r . 

Frederick DePeyster, LL.D., New York, N. Y. 

Gen. John-Watts DePeyster, Tivoli, N. Y. 

!*!S. William-Leverett Dickinson, Jersey City, N. J. 

187 1. Hon. John- Adams Dix, LL.D., New York, N. Y\ 

1863. Benjamin-Homer Dixon, K.N.L., Toronto, Canada. 
1815. Joseph Dow, A.M., Hampton. N. IT. 

18-19. Benjamin Drake, New York, N. Y. 

1854. Lvman-Copeland Draper, LL.D., Madison, Wis. 

1855. William Duane, Philadelphia, Pa. 

1859. Daniel-Steele Durrie, Madison, Wisconsin. 

18G1. William-Ewing DaBois, Philadelphia, Pa. 

18G1. Rev. Robert-Patterson DnBois, A.M., New London, Pa. 

1856. George- Anson Dudley, Ellenville, N, Y. 

1858. William Dudley, Madison, Wis. 

1855. E vert-Augustus Duyckinek, A.M., New York, N. Y r . 

1870. Lev. Benjamin-Woodbrid^e Dwiglit, Ph.D., Clinton, N. Y. ' 

1817. Rev. Tryon Edwards, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1859. Rev. William-Greenleaf Eliot, D.D., LL.D., St. Louis, Mo. 
1807. William-Smith Ellis, Charlwood, Surry, England. 

1870. Prof. Conrad Engelhardt, Sec. R.S.N. A., Copenhagen, Denmark. 

1861. Greggs-Joseph Parish, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. 

1859. Rev. Frederick- Augustus Farley, D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1860. Rev. Henry-Martin Field, D.D., New York, N. 1. 
18G8. Osgood Field, London, England. 

18G3. Hon. George-Purnell Fisher, A.B., Washington, D. C. 

18G5. Benjamin Fish, New York. N. Y. 

1864. James-Dean Fish, New York, N. Y. 

1860. Henry Flanders, A.M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1858. Francis-Brinley Fogg, Nashville, Tenn. 
1851. William-Coleman Folger, Nantucket, Mass. 
181G. Hon. Elial-Todd Foote, M.D., New Haven, Ct. 

1859. Rev. Oetavius-Brooks Frothhigham, A.M., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Rev. William-Henry Furness, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
J.-Smith Futhey, West Chester, Pa. 
Erastus-Emmons Gay, Burlington, Iowa. 

1855. Ebcu Goodwin, New York, N. Y^. 

1858. Seth-Hastings Grant, New York, N. Y. 

187G. Rt. Rev. Alexander Gregg, D.D., Galveston, Texas. 

1859. Isaac-John Greenwood, A.M., New York, N. Y. 
1853. Rev. William Grigson, Whinburg, Norfolk, Eugland. 
1873. James-S. Griunell, Washington, D. C. 

1855. Elijah-Middlebrook Haines, Waukegau, 111. 

18GG. Andrew-Mack Haines, Galena. 111. 

1870. Hon. Robert-Safford Hale, LL.D., Elizabethtown, Essex Co., N. Y. 

1861. Benjamin- Homer Hall, A.B., Troy, N. Y. 

1818. Rev. Edwin Hall, D.D., Auburn, N. Y. 




1848. Hon. Sarnuel-Holden-Parsons Hull, Biugliamton, N. Y. 

18G1. N.-E.-S.-A. Hamilton, London, England. 

1855. Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, LL.D., Hampden, Me. 

18G2. Rev. George-Grout Hapgood, D.D., Norwich, N. Y. 

1855. Samuel-Bickerson Harman, Toronto, Canada. 

1870. Rev. Robert- William Harris, D.D., Astoria, N. Y. 
18GG. Charles-Henry Hart, Philadelphia, Pa. 

1858. David Harter, Crawfordsvi.lle, Ind. 

1855. Samuel-Foster Haven, A. M., Worcester, Mass. 

1874. Rev. Horace-Edwin Hayden, Brownsville, Pa. 

1859. Rev. John-Healy Heywood, A.B., Louisville, Ky. 
1852. Alfred Hawkins, Quebec, Canada. 

1846. Charles-Jeremy Iloadly, A.M., Hartford, Ct. 

18G8. Austin- Wells Holden, Glen Falls, N. Y. 

1861. Frederic-Augustus Holden, Washington, D. C. 

1859. John-Singleton Boline, Brooklyn, 2s. Y. 

18G7. Henry-Augustus Homes, LL.D., Albany, N. Y. 

18G0. Franklin-B. Hough, M.D., LL.D.. Lowville, N. Y. 

1855. Joseph-Jackson Howard. LL.D., F.S.A., Blackheath, London, Eng. 

18GG. George-Rogers Howell, Southampton (L. L), N. Y. 

184G. John-Andrews Howland, Providence, R. I. 

18G9. Rev. Francis-Southack Hovt, D.D., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

1S5G. Prof. Fordyce-Mitchell Hubbard, D.D.. Chapel Hill, N. C. 

1846. Edwin Hubbard, Chicago, 111. 

1873. Col. Charles Hug lies, Montreal, Canada. 

18 GO. Thomas Hughes. F.S A., Chester, England. 

1802. Thomas Hughes, A.B., London, England. 

1858. Benjamin-Peter Hunt, Philadelphia, Pa. 
1876. Johu-Scribner Jenness, A.M., New York, N. Y. 

1859. William-Edwin Johnston, M.D., Paris. France. 
1852. Hon. Horatio-Gates Jones. A.M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1855. John Jordan, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1856. William-Henry Kelley, Washington, D. C. 
18G2. George Kent, A.M., Washington, D. C. 

1855. Rev. Addison Kingsbury, D.D.. Zanesville, Ohio. 

1871. Rt. Rev. William-Ingraham Kip. D.D., LL.D., San Francisco, Cal. 
18G4. Prof. Jared-Potter Kirkland, M.D., LL.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 
184G. Rev. Daniel Lancaster, A.M., New York, N. Y. 

1873. John-Jordan Latting, A.M., New York, N. Y. 

18G4. Hon. John-Hazlehurst-Bonneval Latrobe, Baltimore, Md. 

1854. Hon. Elias-Warner Leavenworth, LL.D., Syracuse, N. Y. 

1855. Joseph Leeds. Philadelphia, Pa. 

18G3. Charles-Godfrey Leland, A.M., Philadelphia, Fa. 

1875. James-McPherson Lemoyne, Quebec, Canada. 

1859. Rev. Abiel Abbot Livermorc. D.D., New York, N. Y. 

1858. James-Spear Loring, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1851. Benson-John Losing, LL.D., Dover Plains, N. Y. 

1847. Hon. Jacob-Hersey Loud, Plymouth, Mass. 

1859. Mark-Antony Lower, Lewes, England. 
1869. Elihu-Oiiver Lyman, Mulberry Corners, Ohio. 
18G3. Henry Maine, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


) -:.:>. 

I. -GO. 



Is GO. 










18 GO. 












3 847. 


















Brantz Mayer, Baltimore, Md. 

John McAllister, Philadelphia, Pa. 

John Allister McAllister, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Divie-Bethune McCartee, A. 31., Tokio, Japan. 

Prof. David Masson, LL.D., London, Eng. 

John Meigs, Nashville, Tenn. 

George-Henry Moore, LL.D., New York, N. Y. 

Prank Moore, New York, N. Y. 

Charles-Cambrault Moreau, New York, N. Y. 

Jolm-Bostwick Moreau, New York, N. Y. 

Hon. Napoleon-Bonaparte Mountfort, New York, N. Y. 

George-Goundry M linger, Rochester, N. Y. 

Hon. Henry-Crude Murphy, A.B., Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Jolm-Bearse Newcomb, Elgin, 111. 

Stephen-Buttrick Noyes, A.B., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

EdmUnd-B. O'Callaghan, M.D., LL.D.'. New York, X. Y. 

Henry Onderdonk, Jr.. A.M., Jamaica (L. I.), N. Y. 

Rev. Samuel Osgood, D.D., New York. N. Y. 

Horatio-Nelson Otis, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Henry-Delavan Paine, M.D., New York, N Y. 

Martvn Paine, M.D.. LL.D.. New York, N. Y. 

Hon.' Benjamin Parke, LL.D., Parkevale, Pa. 

Commodore Foxhall-Alexander Parker, U.S.N., Boston, Mass. 

D.-Williams Patterson, Newark Valley. N. Y. 

Rev. George-Herbert Patterson, A. 31., Suspension Bridge. N. Y. 

James-Bertrand Payen-Payne, D.C.L., South Kensington, London, 

Edward Peacock, F.S.A., Bottesford Manor, co. Lincoln, England. 
Prof. Jonathan Pearson, A.M., Schenectady, N. Y. 
David-Harlow Pease, Norwalk, Ohio. 
Hervey-Charles Pechell, Maresfield Park, Sussex, Eng. 
Samuel-Clarke Perkins, A.M., Philadelphia, Pa. ' 
Rt. Rev. William-Stevens Perry, D.D., LL.D., Davenport, Iowa. 
Samuel- Wright Phelps, Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Stephen-Whitney Phoenix, New York, N. Y. 
Rev. George-Washington Porter, D.D., Constableville, N. Y. 
Hon. Elisha-Reynolcls Potter, A.B., Kingston, R. I. 
William-John Potts, Camden, N. J. 
John-Patrick Prendergast, Dublin, Ireland. 
Rev. Samuel-Irenaus Prime. 1 ).!)., New York, N. Y. 
Rev. Alfred-Porter Putnam. D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Daniel Ravenel, Charleston. S. C. 
Hon. John-Meredith Read. A.M., Athens, Greece. 
John-Howard Redfield, Philadelphia, Pa. 
James-Bardwell Richards. A.M., Harlem, N. Y. 
Charles-Benjamin Richardson, New York, N. Y. 
James Riker, Waverley, Tioga County, N. Y. 
Augustus-Dodge Rogers, Salem, Mass. 

Rev. Charles Rogers, LL.D., F.R.H.S., Grampian Lodge, Forest 
Hill, Surrey, England. 
1861. Prof. Israel-Daniel Rupp, Philadelphia, Pa. 


1873. John-Brooks Russell, Washington, D. C. 

1872. Prof. Truman-Henry Safford, A.B., Chicago, 111. 

18C0. W.-Noel Sainsbury, London. Eng. 

1872. Alfred Sandhaui, Montreal, Canada. 

1864. Benjamin Scott, F.R.A.S., London, England. 

1875. Gideon-Delaplaine Scull, Ilounslow Heath, London, Eng. 
1847. Hon. Charles-Frederick Sedgwick, A.M., Sharon, Ct: 

1859. John-Gilmary Shea, LL.D., Elizabeth, N. J. 
1845. Rev. Henry-Olcott Sheldon, Beria, Ohio. 

1860. Stephen- Vaughan Shipman, Madison, Wis. 

1847. Prof. Benjamin Silliman, M.D. ; LL.D., New Haven, Ct. 

1861. Clifford-Stanley Sims, Prescott, Canada. 
1857. Richard Sims, London, England. 

1870. Rev. Nelson Slater, A.M., Sacramento, Cal. 

1870. Hon. Charles-Perriu Smith, Trenton, N. J. 

1863. George Smith, M.D., Upper Darby, Pa. 
1857. Henry-M. Smith, New York, N. Y. 
1861. John-Jay Smith, Philadelphia, Pa. 

1871. James-Ross Snowden, A.M., Philadelphia, Pa. 

1864. Alden-Jeremiah Spooner, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
1861. Ephraim-George Squier, A.M., New York, N. Y. 
1863. John-Austin Stevens, New York. N. Y. 

18-17. Matthew-Adams Stickney, Salem, Mass. 

1859. Henry-Reed Stiles, M.D., Brooklyn. N. Y. 

1870. George-Archie Stockwell, M.D., Port Huron. Mich. 

1845. Rev. Henry-Gookin Storer, A.M., Oakhill, Me. 

1847. Rev. Benjamin-Lincoln Swan, A.M., Oyster Bay (L. I.), N. Y. 
1869. Jonathan Tenney, A.M.. Albany, N. Y. 

1848. Samuel-White Thayer, M.D., Burlington, Yt. 

1876. Rev. Charles-Trelawny-Collins Trelawny, A.M., Ham, near Ply- 

mouth, England. 

1851. Rt. Hon. and Most Rev. Richard- Chenevix Trench, D.D., Arch- 

bishop of Dublin, Primate of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland. 

1853. Philo-Mallory Trowbridge, Woodbury, Ct. 

1852. Thomas-Rutherford Trowbridge, New Haven, Ct. 

1860. John Tucket t, London, England. 

18-17. Hon. Samuel-Adams Turner, South Scituate, Mass. 

1858; Hon. William-Henry Tuthill, Tipton, Iowa. 

1867. Rev. Joseph-Farrahd Tuttle, D.D., Crawfordsville, Ind. 

1854. Rev. John Waddington, D.D., London, Eng. 

1855. Townseud Ward, Philadelphia, Pa. 

1859. William-Edward Warren, Newburgh, N. Y. 

1846. Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

1872. Rev. John-Lee Watson, D.D.. Orange, N^J. 

1845. Samuel Webber, A.M., M.D.. Charlestown, N. II. 

1861. James-Caruahan Wetmore, Washington, D. C. 

1846. Henry Wheatland, A.M., M.D., Salem, Mass. 
1855. Samuel Whitcomb, Springfield, Yt. 

1854. Henry White, A.M., New Haven, Ct. 

1855. William- Adee Whitehead, A.M., Newark, N. J. 
1846. Thomas-Edwin Whitney, A.M., Shirley, Mass. 

. r )7 

:-',}. Bernard-Bernus Whittemore, M.D., Nashua, N. II. 

: - ,.-. Orlando-Williams Wight, A.M., Rye, N. Y. 

!^;l>. John-Fletcher Williams, St. Paul, Minn. 

m. Hev. Samuel Wolcott, D.D., Cleveland, Ohio. 

: -7.*;. Isaac-Francis Wood, New York, N. Y. 

i «.'»:». Hon. John Wood, Quincy, 111. 

I s ,:;. Ashbel Woodward, M.I)., Franklin, Ct. 

! -'',;.'. Thomas Wright, A.M., London, Eng. 

I. Life Members. 
1S77. (R, 1807.) James-Monroe Battles, Lowell, Mass. 
1^77. (R. 1871.) George-Thomas Littlefield, Charlestown, Mass. 
!S77. (R. 1870.) Charles-William Romney, Boston, Mass. 
!s77. (II. 1877.) Edward-Preston Usher, A.M., Lynn, Mass. 
1>77. (11. 1875.) William-Gordon Weld, Boston, Mass. 

II. Resident Members. 

1877. John-Gould Anthony, Cambridge, Mass. 

]>77. George-Shattuck Cashing, Boston, Mass. 

lf>77. Bennett-Franklin Davenport, M.D., Boston, Mass. 

1877. Henry Deering, Portland, Blaine. 

1877. William-Henry Emery, Boston, Mass. 

1877. John-Williams Leatherbee, Boston, Mass. 

1877. Edward-Preston Usher, A.M., Lynn, Mass. 

Is77. Samuel- Wall is Winslow, Boston, Mass. 

IV. Corresponding Members. 
1877. Hon. Joseph-Wilson Lawrence, St. John, N. B. 
1877. Rev. Edward-Duiiield Neill, A.B., Minneapolis. Minn. 

I. Life Members. 
18G3. (R, 1803.) William Appleton, Boston, Mass. 
1371. (R. 18G8.) Hon. Silas-Nelson Martin, Wilmington, N. C. 

II. Resident Member. 
1870. Rev. Alexis Caswell, D.D., LL.D., Providence, R. I. 

III. Honorary Member. 
1875. Rear- Admiral Joseph Smith, U.S.N.. Washington, D. C. 

IV. Corresponding Members. 
1851. Rear-Adm. Charles-H. Davis, LL.D., U.S.N., Washington, D. C. 
1859. William-Edward Warren, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Page 40, line 5, Rear-Adm. George-Henry Preble, U.S.N. , has been assigned to the command 
of the South Pacific Station. 

Page 4U, line 10 fruni bottom, read Paymaster Joseph-Adams Smith, LL.B., U.S.N., Asiatic 




[The residence given is that at the date of election.] 


-Charles Ewer, of Boston, Mass Jan. 1815 to Jan. 1850 

*Rev. Joseph-Barlow Felt, LL.D., of Boston, Mass " 1650 to " 1853. 

*Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., of Roxbury, Mass " 1853 to " 1656' 

*Saruuel-(iardner Drake, A.M., of Boston, Mass " 1858 to "' 1850 

Col. Almon-D-anforth Hodges, of Roxbury, Mass " 1850 to " 18G1 

*Winslow Lewis, M.D., of Boston, Mass " 1801 to " 1606 

*Hon. John-Albion Andrew, LL.D., of Boston. Mass " 1866 to Oct. 1867 

Hon. Marshall-Pinckmy \N'ilder, of Boston, .Mass " 1808. 


*Lernuel Shattuck, of Boston, Mass Jan. 1815 to Jan. 1850 

Rev. Lucius-Robinson Paige, D.D., of Cambridge, Mass " 1850 to " 1851 

*IIon.Nathaniel-BradstreetShurtlclF.M.D., of Boston, Mass. " 1851 to " 1853 

*Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston, Mass " 1853 to " 1858 

*Hon. William Willis, LL.D., of Portland, Me Feb. 1855 to " 1859 

*IIon. Noah Martin, M.D., of Dover, N. II " 1855 to " 1859 

*Rev. John Wheeler, D.D., of Burlington, Vt " 1855 to ,k 1S59 

•Hon. Wm.-Read Staples, LL.D., of Providence, R. I - £ 1855 to " 1659 

*Hon. Nathaniel Goodwin, of Hartford, Ct. . - " 1855 to May 1855 

Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., of New Haven, Ct Aug. 1855 to Jan. 1859 

Hon. Francis Brinlev, A.M., of Boston, Mass Jan. 1858 to " 1859 

Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington, Mass kt 1859 to " 1601 

Hon. John Appleton, LL.D., of Bangor, Me " 1859 to " 1805 

*IIon. Samuel-Dana Bell, LL.D., of Manchester, N.II " 1659 to July 1668 

Henry Clark, of Poultney, Yt " 1859 to Jan. 1607 

* John Barstow, of Providence, R.I " 1859 to Mar. 1804 

*Rev. Frederick- William Chapman, A.M., of Ellington, Ct. " 1859 to Jan. 1605 

*Rev; Martin Moore, A.M., of Boston, Mass. . . . . . . " 1801 to " 1806 

*Usher Parsons, M.D., of Providence, R. I Sept. 1601 to Dec. 1603 

Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of Portland, Me Jan. 1805. 

Rev. Calvin Ellis Stowe, D.D., of Hartford, Ct " 1805 to Jan. 1809 

*Hon. George-Bruce Upton, of Boston. Mass " i860 to July 1874 

*Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., of Brattleboro', Vt " 1807 to April 1675 

*Hon. Ira Perlev, LL.D., of Concord. N.II . . il 1809 to Feb. 1874 

Hon. John-Russell Bartlett, A.M., of Providence, R. I " 1809. 

*Hon. William-A. Buckingham, LL.D., of Norwich, Ct... " 1809 to Feb. 1675 

Hon. George-C. Richardson, of Boston, Mass " 1875. 

*Williain-Blanchard Towne, A.M., of Milford, N. II M 1875 to April 1670 

Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Bennington, Vt June 1675. 

*IIon. Henry-Philemon Haven, of New London. Ct Jan. 1*70 to April 1670 

Rev. Asa-D." Smith, D.D.. LL.D., of Hanover, N. II " 1877. 

Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, Ct " 1877. 

* Deceased. 


Honorary Vice-Presidents. 

Millard Fillmore, LL.D., Buffalo, N. Y Feb. 1855 to Mar. 1874 

L L'\vis Cass, LL.D., of Detroit, Mich " 1855 to June L8G6 

i. Klijah I] ay ward, A.B., of Columbus, O " 1855 to Sept. 1804 

. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111 " 1855 to Jan. 1876 

■ k . Juhn-Lauris Blake, D.D., of Orange, N. J Jan. 185'; to July 1857 

• . ;i. Samuel Breck, of Philadelphia, Pa " 1856 to Sept. 1862 

tsuan-Ferris Streeter, A.M., of Baltimore, Md " 185G to Aug. 1804 

' a m! Kidder, of Wilmington, N. C " 1850 to Jan. 1803 

* . i. Thomas Smyth, D.D., of Charleston, S.C " 1850 to " 1803 

*jj i>. Ballard Smith, A. B., of Cannelton, Ind " 1650 to Oct. I860 

i ; us \\ oodman, A.M., of Mineral Point, \\ r is " 1850 to Jan. 1604 

'i:t.liev.Uenry-\VashingtonLee,D.D.,LL.D.,Davenport,Ia. " 1850 to Sept. 1«74. 

• \n lirw Randall, of San Francisco, Cal " 1856 to July 1650 

r li .n. Joseph-CourtenHornblower. LL.D., of Newark, N. J. " 1858 to June lb04 

-If v.. Win. Darlington, M.D., LL.D., West Chester, Pa. " 1863 to April 1603 

■ Nathaniel Chauncey, A.M., of Philadelphia, Pa June 1863 to Feb. 1865 

s il 'a. Increase-Allen Lapham, LL.D., of Milwaukee, Wis. Jan. 1864 to Sept. 1675 

i! :i. George-P. Fisher, A.B., of Washington, D.C " 1804 to Jan. 1873 

»> d >mon Alofsen, of Jersey City, N.J " 1605 to " 1873 

ii m. John-H.-B. La t robe, of Baltimore, Md " 1865 to " 1876 

\\ illiam Duaue, of Philadelphia. Pa " 1600. 

lk-v. William-G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, Mo.. . . " 1607. 

Rev. Joseph-F. Tattle, D.D., of Crawibrdsville, lud " 1868. 

! i >n. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, O " 1868. 

ll.n. William- A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, D.C. " 1873. 

William-A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, N.J. " 1873. 

ll.n John-A. Dix, LL.D., of .New York, N. Y " 1875. 

Jit. Rev. William-I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. " 1675. 

R< v. Edwin-A. Dalrymple, D.D, of Baltimore, Md '.. . " 1870. 

' 11 >n. Silas-N. Martin, of Wilmington, N. C. " 1870 to Jan. 1877 

Lymau-C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, Wis " 1670, 

Corresponding Secretaries. 

'Samuel-G.Drake, A.M., of Boston Jan. 1815 to Jan. 1650 

*11 on. Nathaniel-B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston " 1850 to " 1851 

*Samuel-G. Drake, A.M., of Boston " 1851 to '* 1658 

"Rev. Samuel-Hopkins Riddel, A.M., of Boston " 1658 to " 1859 

John- Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 1859 to " 1802 

Rev. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A.M., of Roxbury " 1802 to " 1805 

Rev. Ilenry-M. Dexter, D.D., of Roxbury. " 1805 to " 1807 

Rev. Edmund-F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston " 1607. 

Recording Secretaries. 

.1 ►hn-Wingate Thornton, A.M., of Boston Jan. 1815 to Mar. 1610 

*Rev. Samuel-H. Riddel, A.M., of* Boston April 1610 to Jan. 1851 

* Charles Mayo, of Boston Jan. 1651 to " 185G 

Hon. Francis Brinley, A.M., of Boston " 1850 to " 1857 

David Pulsifer, A.M., of Boston " 1857 to Aug. 1857 

John- Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston Aug. 1^57 to Jan. 1858 

Rev. Wm.-M. Cornell, M.D., D.D., LL.D., of Boston.... Jan. 1858 to " 1859 

Mev. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A.M., of North Cambridge.... " 1859 to " 1802 

K lward-Franklin Everett, A.M., of Charlestown. . . . " 1602 to " 1603 

EJward-Sprague Rand, Jr., A.M., of Dedham " 1803 to " 1670 

Samuel-H. Wentworth, A.M., of Boston " 1870 to " 1673 

David-G. Hawkins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge " 1673. 


"W illiam-IIenry Montague, of Boston Jan. 1845 to Jan. 1651 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston " 1851 to " 1855 

Johu-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 1855 to " 1857 


Isaac Child, of Boston Jan. 1857 to Jan. 

*Hon. George- Washington Messinger, of Boston " 1800 to 4 ' 

nVilliam-Blanchard Towne, A.M., ofMilford, N. H " 1801 to " 

Benjaniin-Barstow Torrey, of Boston " 187 1 . 


* Joseph Palmer, M.D., of Boston Jan. 1850 to Jan. 

William-B., of Dorchester " 1862 to k ' 

]> ev . Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston " 1808 to " 

|> ev . Samuel Cutler, of Boston " 1875. 


John-Wingate Thornton, A.M., LL.B., of Boston April 1815 to Jan. 

Edmund- iiachelder Dearborn, of Boston Jan. 18 10 to ll 

David Falsi fer, A.M., of Boston Jan. 1849 to Jan. 

Thomas-Bellows Wyman, Jr., of Charles town tk 1851 to " 

William-Blake Trask, of] )orchester " 1*52 to Aug. 

Rev. Luther Farnham, A.M., of Boston Aug. 1854 to July 

Thomas-B. Wyman, Jr., of Charlestown Sept. 185G to Jan. 

Edward Holden, of Roxbury Jan.' 1858 to ki 

William-Blake Trask, of Dorchester " 1859 to " 

* John-Hannibal Shcppard, A.M., of Boston " 1801 to " 

William-James Foley, of Boston tk 1809 to " 

James-F. Jlunneweli, of Charlestown " 1871 to " 

John- Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 1872. 


•Charles Ewer, of Boston Jan. 1815 to Jan. 

* Lemuel Shattuck, of Boston. . - " 1845 to " 

•Sainuel-G. Drake, A.M., of Boston " 1815 to " 

John-Wingate-Thornton, A.M., of Boston " 1815 to Mar. 

William-H. Montague, of Boston " 1845 to elan. 

•Rev. Samuel-H. Riddel, A.B., of Boston April 1846 to " 

•Rev. Joseph-B. Felt, LL.D., of Boston Jan. 1850 to 4i 

Rev. Lucius-R. Paige, D.D.. of Cambridge '. . . . " 1850 to " 

*Hon. Nathaniel-B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston " 1850 to " 

*Samuel-G. Drake, A.M., of Boston " I<s51 to " 

•Charles Mayo, of Boston " 1851 to " 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston " 1851 to " 

*Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., of Roxbury " 1853 to ; ' 

•Hon. Timothy Farrar/LL.D., of Boston " 1*53 to " 

John-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 1855 to " 

Hon. Francis Brinley, A.M., of Boston " 1856 to " 

David Pulsifer, A.M., of Boston " 1857 to Aug. 

Isaac Child, of Boston " 1857 to Jan. 

John-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston Aug. 1857 to " 

Hon. Francis Brinley, A.M., of Boston Jan. 1858 to " 

•Rev. Samnel-H. Riddel, A, M., of Boston " 1858 to " 

Rev. Wm.-M. Cornell, M.D., D.D., LL.D., of Boston.... " 1858 to " 

Col. Almon-D. Hodges, of Roxbury " 1859 to " 

Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington " 1859 to " 

John-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston. . . 7 " 1859. 

Rev. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A.M., of North Cambridge " 1859 to Jan. 1807 

•Hon. George- W . Messinger, of Boston " 1800 to " 1801 

•Winelow Lewis, M.D., of Boston " 1801 to Aug. 1875 

•Rev. Martin Moore, A.M., of Boston " 1801 to Jan 1806 

* William-B. Towne, A.M., of Brookline " 1801 to April 1*70 

•John-H. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston July 1801 to June 187;) 

Edward-F. Everett. A.M., of Charlestown Jan. 1862 to Jan. 1863 

•Rev. Joseph-B. Felt, LL.D., of Salem " 1862 to Sept. 1869 

•Hon. William Whiting, LL.D., of Roxbury " 1862 to June 1873 

Samucl-G. Drake, A.M., of Boston " 1802 to June 1875 




















IS 00 








Vhn »n-D. Hodges, of Roxbury Jan. 

mi-U. Trask, of Dorchester " 

. ri ■ Kidder, of Boston " 

. .s.iii Colburii, A.M., of Boston " 

|!i iui-Kci'd Dearie, of Brookline. . : " 

»,] - j)h Palmer, M.D., of Boston " 

* I i ri. ( !eorge-YV . Messinger, of Boston " 

•J,.}iii Barstow, of Providence, R. 1 " 

ird-Sprague Rand, Jr., A.M., of Dedham " 

... Horatio Alger, Jr., A.B., of Cambridge Aug. 

. v. !l« nry-M. Dexter, D.D., of Roxbury.. Jan. 

William 11. Whitinore, A.M., of Boston Feb. 

J; \ . Frederic- W. Holland, A3!., of Cambridge May 

};. v. Washington Gilbert, A.M., ol West Newton Aug. 

•Hon. John-A. Andrew, LL.D., of Boston Jan. 

* lion. George-Bruce Upton, of Boston " 

jicv. Edmund-F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston " 

•John-Merrill Bradbury, of Boston " 

Charles- Wesley Turtle, A.M.. of Boston " 

!i..n. Marshall-P. Wilder, of Boston " 

LYv. Dor us Clarke, D.D., of Boston " 

William-J. Foley, of Boston " 

1 lenrv Edwards, of Boston " 

Col. Albert-H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston " 

!:• v. Caleb-Davis Bradlee, A .M., of Boston " 

" Hon. George- W. Messinger, of Boston " 

Hon. Edward-S. Tobcy, A.M., of Boston " 

Sumiel-Hidden Wentworth, A.M., of Boston " 

Benjamin-Barstow Torrey, ol Boston " 

rlaines-F. Hunnewell, of Charlestown " 

•Samuel Burnham, A.M., of Cambridge " 

J i Hi. John Oummings, of Woburn " 

John Foster, of Boston " 

David-G. Llaskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge ■ " 

Hon. Thomas-C. Amory, A.M., of Boston " 

Hon. Charles-Levi Woodbury, of Boston .*.... " 

Samuel-Adams Drake, of Melrose " 

Hon. George-C. Richardson, of Boston " 

Kev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston " 

1 lenry Edwards, of Boston April 

Hon. James-W. Austin, A.M., of Boston Jan. 

Committee on Publication. 

'Charles Ewer, Esq., of Boston Mar. 

•Hon. Nathaniel-B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston " 

•Rev. Samuel-H. Riddel, A.M., of Boston " 

"David Hamblen,- of Boston Jan. 

nVilliain-Thaddcus Harris, A.M., of Cambridge Feb. 

*Rev. Joseph-B. Felt, LL.D., of Boston Jan. 

*Hon. Nathaniel-B. bhurtleff, M.D., of Boston .' " 

Rev. Lucius-R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge " 

Charles Deane, LL.D. , of Boston " 

John- Winimte Thornton, A.M., of Boston " 

* William-T. Harris, A.M., of Cambridge " 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston Oct. 

* Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston Nov. 

William-B. Trask, of Dorchester April 

* Charles Mayo, of Boston Oct. 

*Rev. William Jenks, D.D., LL.D., of Boston " 

Lyman Mason , A .M. . of Boston " 

John-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston Dec. 

* William-Reed Deane, of Brookline " 

•Lemuel Shattack, of Boston " 





1S02 to June 


1802 to 



1802 to Jan. 


1802 to 




1803 to 



1801 to 


IS 07 


1804 to Jan. 


1805 to 



1800 to Oct. 


1800 to 


Is 74 


180? to Jan. 





1809 to 



1809 to 





1801) to 


1 1870 

1870 to 



1870 to 





1871 to Jan. 







1871 to 







1817 to 



1617 to 

• . 


1617 to 



1619 to 



1819 to 



1850 to 



1850 to 



1850 to 



1651 to 



1851 to 



1651 to 



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1852 to 

* . 


1653 to 

. i 


1853 to 




1851 to 



1854 to 




Rev. Alonzo-Hall Quint, D.D., of Jamaica Plain Oct. 1855 to Oct. 

James-Spear Loring, of Boston " 1855 to " 

Hon. Francis Br i nicy, A.M., of Boston " 1856 to " 

Charles-Henry Morse, of Cambridgeport, " lb50 to " 

William-H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston " 1850 to Nov 

* Hun. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston " 18.37 to Oct 

William-B. Trask, of Dorchester " 1858 to " 

Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington Nov. 1601 to " 

Rev. EliasNason, A.M., of Exeter, N. II "" 1SGI to " 

*George-Win<jate Chase, of Haverhill " 1861 to " 

William-H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston Oct. 1862 to Nov 

William-S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston " 1863 to " 

Rev. Henrv-M. Dexter, D.D., of Roxbury " 1801 to Oct. 1 M 

Rev. Elias jNiason, A.M., of North Biilerica " 1865* to " In 

William-B. Towne, A.M., of Brookline Nov. 1805 to April K 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston Oct. 1807 to Oct. 18< 

Col. Albert-H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston " 1807. 

Charles- W. Tattle, A.M., of Boston Nov. 1872 to Nov. 

Rear- Adin. George- Henry Preble, U.S. Navy " 1872 to Oct. 

Rev. Lucius-R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge " lb73 to " 

Harry-IIcrbert Edes, of Charlestown " 1873 to " 

Jeremiah Colbm n, A.M., of Boston Oct. 1874. 

William-B. Trask, of Boston " 1876. 

Henry-Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.B., of Salem Jan. 1877. 

Committee ox Donations and Exchanges. 

James-Spear Loring, of Boston May 1850 to Jan. 

Charles- James- Fox Binney, of Boston " 1850 to lk 

*Hon. Amasa Walker, LL.D., of North Brookfield Jan. 1852 to " 

*John-Good\vin Locke, of Boston " 185:2 to " 

James-Spear Loring, of Boston k< 1853 to " 

Committee on tue Library. 

Isaac Child, of Bjston Jan. 1852 to Jan. 

*Artemas Simonds, of Boston " 1852 to Oct. 

Thomas-B. Wyman, Jr., of Charlestown Jan. 1850 to Jan. 

Char!es-li. Morse, of Cambridgcport " 1850 to " 

William-H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston " 1850 to " 

William-B. Trask, of Dorchester " 1850 to " 

Rev. Luther Farnham, A.M., of Boston " 1850 to July 

Dean Dudley, of Boston Oct. 1850 to Jan. 

Rev. Caleb-t). Bradlec, A.M., of North Cambridge Jan. 1857 to " 

^Sylvester Bliss, of Roxbury " 1857 to " 

* Thomas- Jefferson Whittemore, of Cambridge " 1858 to " 

William Makepeace, of Boston " 1858 to " 

IJ.orace-Gr. Barrows, M.D., of Boston " 1858 to " 

Fdward-S. Baud, Jr., A.M., of Dedham " 1858 to " 

Edward Holden, of Roxbury "' 1858 to " 

Rev. .Alonzo-H. Quint, D.D., of Jamaica Plain " 1859 to ki 

*Samuel Burnham, A.M., of Jamaica Plain " 1850 to " 

*Thomas Waterman, of Boston " 1859 to " 

John-Gardner White, A.M., of Boston " 1859 to " 

"William-B. Trask, of Dorchester " 1859 to " 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston " 1801 to " 

*Rev. James Thurston, A.M., of Belmont " 1861 to " 

William-S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston \. " 1801 to " 

*John-iI. Sheppard, A.M., of Boston " 1861 to " 

Jeremiah Colbarn, A.M., of Brookline " 1862 to " 

*Rev. Abner Morse, A.M. , of Boston " 1802 to May 

Richard Brig^s, of Brookline " 1863 to Jan. 

Edward-Rupert Humphreys, LL.D., of Boston " 1861 to " 

George Mountiort, of Boston " 1801 to " 




185 1 



..-Kimball Wiggin, of Boston Jan. 1806 to Jan. 1870 

.",j„,..l\ Corey7 of Maiden " 1807 to " 1871 

t-H.'Hoyt, A.M., of Boston " 1808 to " 1869 

-. Fellows, of Boston " 1869 to " 1870 

:..). t'olev, of Boston " 18(>y to Sept. 1869 

linund-F."Slaftcr, A.M., of Boston " 1870 to Jan. 1875 

.Otis Johnson, M.D., of Boston " 1870 to " 1872 

.--i I Innnewell, of Charleston n " 1870 to " 1871 

. i iavid-G. Haskins, A.M., of Cambridge " 1871 to " 1872 

rrv-llerbert Edes, of Charlestown " 1871 to " 1874 

sr<-F. Hunnewell, of Charlestown " 1872. 

raine-Pendre Corey, of Maiden " 1872. 

j : f. Charles-P. Otis, A.M.. Ph.D., of Boston " 1874. 

... fe-T. Littlcfield, of Charlestown : " 1875. 

lb 'ay-Ware Holland, LL.B., ot Cambridge " 1877. 

Committee on Finance. 

< :.n. Samuel Andrews, of Roxbury Jan. 1852 to Jan. 1856 

* I (avid Hamblen, of Boston " 1852 to Nov. 1855 

* Samuel Nicolson, of Boston " 1856 to Jan. 1857 

•CI. Samuel Swett, A.M., of Boston " 1856 to " 1657 

•Nathaniel Whiting, of Watertown " 1856 to " 1*57 

* i ! in. < leorge-W. Alessinger, of Boston " 1856 to " 1857 

John-W. Dean, A.M., of^Boston " 1850 to «' 1857 

J .lm-Wells Parker, of Roxbury " 1857 to " IS5* 

Charles-Henry Morse, of Cambridgeport " 1857 to " 1858 

William Makepeace, of Boston " 1857 to " 1858 

•Thomas- J. Whittcmore, of Cambridge " 1857 to " 1858 

Naae Child, of Boston ' " 1857 to ' : 1800 

•Sylvester Bliss, of Roxbury. '* 1858 to " 1859 

William-Emerson Baker, of Boston " 1858 to " 1801 

*Jacob-Quincy Kettelle, A.B.,of Boston " 1858 to " 1859 

Charles-Benjamin Richardson, of Boston " 1858 to Nov. 1858 

William Makepeace, of Boston " 1859 to Jan. 1860 

Jeremiah Colbnrn, A.M., of Boston " 1859 to " 1802 

'Thomas- J. Whjttemore, of Cambridge " 1859 to " 1803 

* William-B. Towne, of Brookline. " 1860 to April 1870 

•Hon. George-W. Messinger, of Boston " 1800 to April 1870 

John-Tisdale Bradlee, of Boston " 1801 to Jan. 186 1 

• Prederic Kidder, of Boston " 1862. to " 1869 

* John-Merrill Bradbury, of Boston " 1803 to " 1807 

John-Wilson Candler, of Brookline " 1864 to " lb(>9 

Hon. George-C. Richardson, of Boston " 1807 to " 1809 

Henry Edwards, of Boston " 1869. 

Hon. Charles-B. Hall, of Boston " 1809. 

< leorge- William Bond, of West Roxbury " 1869 to Jan. 1871 

Percival-Lowell Everett, of Boston " 1870 to " 1877 

Hon. John-A. Buttriek, of Lowell " 1871 to " 1876 

Benjamin-B. Torrey, of Boston. " 1871. 

Hun. Edward-S. Tobey, A.M., of Boston " 1870 to Jan. 1877 

Addison Child, of Boston " 1877. 

Alvah-A. Burrage, of Boston " 1877. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. 

•Rev. Martin Moore, A.M., of Boston Mar. 1800 to Jan. 1801 

Rev. Lucius-R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge " 1860 to " 1801 

* William-Reed Deane, of Brookline. . " 1860 to June 1871 

Rev. Frederic- W.Holland, A.M., of Dorchester " I860 to Jan. IS65 

Thomas Cushing, A.M., of Boston " 1800 to " 1864 

Rev. Washington Gilbert, .A.M., of West Newton Jan. 1861 to " 1870 

John-Gardner White, A.M., of Boston " 1861 to " 1864 

Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington " 1801 to " 1872 


Rev. Edmund-F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston Jan. 

Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Walthani " 

David Pulsifcr, A.M., of Boston " 

Rear-Adm. George-Henry Preble, United States Navy . " 

John-Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 

Rev. Increase-Niles Tarbox, I). I)., of West Newton " 

*Samuel Burnhani, A.M., of Cambridge " 

Frederic Kidder, of Melrose " 

lion. William-S. Gardner, A.M., of Newton " 

David-G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge " 

Albert-B. Otis, A.M., of Boston " 

Samuel- A dams Drake, of Melrose " 

Rev. Willard-F. Mallalieu, D.D., of Boston " 

Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston " 

Abram-E. Cutter, of Charlestown " 

Wiliiain-C. Bates, of Newton " 

Arthur-M. Alger, LL.B., of Taunton " 

Committee on Heraldry. 

William-Henry Whitmore, A.M., of Boston Feb. 

Abner-C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem " 

Rev. William-Stoadley Bartlet, A.M., of Chelsea " 

Augustus-T.. Perkins, A.M., ofBoston " 

W illiam-S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston '" 

Edward-S. Rand, Jr., A.M., of Boston Jan. 

Hon. Thomas-C Amory, A.M., of Boston ' ; 

George-B. Chase, A.M., of Boston " 

"Walter-Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., of Boston " 

1801 to Jan. 


180.5 to " 


160? to '• 

]-. i 

1868 to " 

1 -• 

1670 to " 

1-' I 


1871 to June 


1872 to Jan. 


1872 to " 


1872 to " 



1874 to Jan. 


1671 to " 



1870 to Jan. 




1801 to Jan. 



1864 to Jan. 



1864 to Jan. 


J 870 to " 






The Bond Fund. 

Col. Almon-Danforth Hodges, of Roxbury July 1S59. 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston " 1859. 

John- Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston " 1850 to Jan. 1803 

*Thouias Waterman, of Boston Jan. 1803 to " 1871 

The Barstow Fund. 


* William-B. Towne, of Brookline May 1802 to April 1876 

Col. Almon-Danforth Hodges, of Roxbury " 1802. 

John-Tisdale Bradlee, of Boston " 1802 to Jan. lSGi 

Hon. Charles-B. Hall, of Boston Jan. 1865. 

The Towne Memorial Fund. 

William-B. Towne, of Brookline Jan. 1864 to April 1876 

Col. Almon-Danforth Hodges, of Boston " 1804. 

lion. Charles-B. Hall, of Boston " 1805. 

The Cushman Genealogical Fund. 

Col. Almon-Danforth Hodges, of Roxbury Jan. 1806. 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston " 1600. 

♦Thomas Waterman, of Boston " 1800 to Jan. 1671 

Note. — Members who have not furnished biographical memoranda, or who have 
facts to add to those already on file with the society, are requested to send sketches 
of their lives as early as convenient to the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Corresponding 
Secretary, Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., who will furnish 
blanks for the purpose when desired. 



■ i ' ; - ~}(: i-i a i i p n 7 f! iwp 



mttt p-KinT m-th JTTQTnPTP H-Ttjt 1 a tooth at SnnirT'V 
l\ U HlblUriiu LrrjJNjjALUu.LOA.Li jouuJlL.I. i, 

JANUARY 7. 1880. 


T H t. 


B S T N : 

M . 1> C C C . I. X X X . 





i ;•: 






C H i <- - 



m. r>ccc. LXXX. 


N i:\v-Exgland Historic, Genealogical Society. 

18 8 0. 

The Hon. MARSHALL P. WILDER, Ph. D., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

The Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of Portland, 
, . e Hon. Joseph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord, 
i ! e Hon. Uiland Hall, LL.D., of Bennington, . 
The Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, 
I Lc lion. John R. Baktlett, A.M., of Providence, 
i he Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, 


New Hampshire. 

Venn on t. 


Rhode Island. 


Honorary Vice-Presidents. 
Ilis Excellency, Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., President of the United States. 

William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark, 

William Duake, of Philadelphia 

The Rev. Edwin A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of Baltimore, 
i he Hon. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington 
i'he lion. Thomas Spooner, of Cincinnati, 
The Hun. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 

Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfordsville, 
Lymax C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, 
The Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa. 
The Rev. G. Eliot, D.D., LL.D., of St. Louis, . Missouri. 
The Rt. Rev. William I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, California 

New Jersey. 



District of Columbia, 





Corresponding Secretary. 
The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, 


Recording Secretary. 
David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, . . Massachusetts. 

Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, .... Massachusetts. 

I he Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Jons Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, . . . . Massachusetts. 


The Hon. George C. Richardson, Boston ; The Hon. Nathaniel Foster Sm , 
A. 15., Milton; The Hon. James W. Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Wo 
A.M., Cambridge; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge. 

Directors ex-oficio. — The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., Boston: Tlu- ; 
Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; David G. Raskins, Jr., A.M., Cam!)] 
Benjamin Barstow Torrey, Boston; John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston ; J 
Samuel Cutler, Boston; Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston; Henry Edww 
Boston; The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston ; The lion. Tuos. C. Amory, A..' 
Boston; William B. Trask, Boston; Frederic Kidder. Melrose; William 
Whitmore, A.M., Boston ; Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., Boston; Albert H. lb 
A.M., Cincinnati, 0.; The Rev. Caleb D. Bradlee, A.M., Boston; James 
Hunnewell, Boston ; The Hon. John Cummings, Woburn ; John Foster, Bostoi 


Henry Edwards, Boston, Chairman; The Hon. Charles B. Hall, Boston; T! 
Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston ; The Hon. Alvah A. Burrage, Boston ; Addisj 
Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey, Boston, ex o^lcio. 


John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston, Chairman; The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D.. 
Cambridge; The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; Jeremiah Colli:;'.. 
A.M., Boston ; William B. Trask, Boston ; Henry H. Edes, Boston ; Henry 1. 
Waters, A.B., Salem. 


John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston, Chairman ; The Rev. Henry A. IIazen, A.M.. 
Billerica; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge; William B. Trask, Boston; 
Daniel T. V. IIuntoon, Canton; Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 


The Hon. Thomas C. Amory, A.M., Boston, Chairman ; Abner C. Goodell, Jr. 
A.M., Salem; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston; George B. Chase, A.M., 
Boston ; Walter Lloyd Jeferies, A.B., Boston. 


Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., of Boston, Chairman; William B. Trask, Boston; 
Deloraine P. Corey, Maiden ; WillardS. Allen, A.M., Boston ; John T. Hassam, 
A.M., Boston ; John Ward Dean, A.M., Boston, ex-q_Uicio. 


The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Boston , Chairman ; The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, 
D.D., Newton ; The Rev. David G. Raskins, S.T.D., Cambridge; William 0. 
Bates, Newton ; Charles C. Coffin, Boston ; The Rev. Artemas B. Muzzev, A.M., 






Gentlemen of the Society: 

Most sincerely do I thank you for your confidence and respect 

. infested for a long course of years in selecting me as your pre- 
siding officer; and I beg to assure you that I will bring to the per- 
formance of my duty all the strength and ability which I possess. 

Through the merciful providence of Him who healeth our broken 
h»nes, and hath preserved our lives to the present time, 1 am cna- 

!< <1 once more to stand before you, and to discharge the duties which 
yon have so kindly and repeatedly imposed upon me. 

1 would not, however, disguise the fact that my health has been 
impaired in some degree, but I have reason to bless the Lord for 
gradual improvement, and to hope for the time when it may be more 
fully established.* Under these circumstances you will not expect 
from me an able or elaborate address, and I shall content myself 
with only such remarks as I may deem necessary for the occasion. 

Happy indeed am I to be here, and once more to join hands and 
hearts in the prosecution of the noble work for which our Society 
was established. But while we rejoice in what has been accom- 
plished by the efforts of many industrious and useful co-workers, we 
arc constantly reminded of those who have ceased from their labors 
find have passed from time into eternity. 

* On the 21st of March, 1S79, our venerable President fell on passing from the hall of the 
'■ preventatives in the state House, where he had heeu to promote the passage of a 1 > i 1 1 to 

S our Agricultural College. His thigh bone was fractured, and this annual meeting of 
i-'fi Society was the first that he was able to attend after the accident. 



In Memokiam. 

During the past year we have to record the cleat!) of thirty-: 
members, somewhat more than the usual average number. 

Special notice of these from time to time has been taken in \ 
reports of our historiographer, the Lev. Samuel Cutler. Several 
them have occupied places of distinction and renown. I tie:, 
it proper to allude to two of them again in this address. I roii . 
especially to the Hon. John Adams Dix, LL.D.. of New York, 
and to the Hon. Caleb dishing, LL.D., of Massachusetts, wit! 
both of whom it was my privilege to be personally acquainted. 

General Dix, at the time of his death, was an Honorary Vice- 
President of this Society. Few men have held more offices ofhonui 
and trust, or discharged their duties with greater fidelity. From tin 
time when he joined the army in 1^12 to the close of his long life, 1: 
was seldom out of office either in state or national affairs. lie wa> 
United States minister to France, where he discharged the function* 
of his office with signal ability and courtesy. In all the relations ol 
life, both public and private, he was highly esteemed for his integrity 
and patriotism. His famous order during the late civil war will ever 
be held in grateful remembrance by every lover of his country. When 
Secretary of the Treasury, hearing that i\\e captain of the revenue 
cutter at New Orleans was about to turn her over to the State 
authorities, he sent the following despatch to a special agent : 
"Treasury Department, Jan. 29, 18G1. Tell Lieut. Caldwell to 
arrest Capt. Breshwood, assume command of the cutter and obey 
the order through him. If Capt. Breshwood after arrest undertake- 
to interfere with the command of the cutter, tell Lieut. Caldwell to 
consider him as a mutineer, and treat him accordingly. If any one 
attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot 1" 

The Hon. Caleb Cashing was one of the master minds of the 
present age. In his long public service he was eminent as a jurist, 
statesman and scholar, and an accomplished diplomatist and a brave 
soldier. For nearly fifty years he has been considered one of the 
most profound and learned men that our country has produced. 
His political sentiments did not always harmonize with those of his 
State, but he lias ever been considered a true lover of his country, 
and a wise counsellor wherever her honor lias been at stake. Ho 
held numerous offices in the nation and his native state, and was 

entrusted with several important missions to other countries. He 
was minister to China, and to Spain, and was Counsel for the United 
States in the Arbitration at Geneva on tha Alabama claims, in which 
he distinguished himself in an extraordinary manner. lie had mar- 
vellous intellectual powers and a wonderful capacity for the acquisi- 
tion of knowledge, and a wise discretion in the use of it. lie will 
long be remembered as one of the great men of the age. and will be 
much missed in our public affairs. 

Among those who have been taken from us, there are others 
that are entitled to special remembrance ; but as the historiographer 
has so appropriately spoken of them in his reports, I refrain from 
any further allusion to them. 

These are not lost to memory, or to a just appreciation of their 
services in our cause, and I count it among the pleasant remini- 
scences of life to have enjoyed the acquaintance and friendship of 
several who have been taken from us. They have gone before, but 
we trust they are now enjoying the rewards of well spent lives in 
those blest abodes where death can never enter, and where the ties 
of friendship can never be broken — 

" In the fair land that spreads hencath the slope 
01' the eternal hills, 
Where nothing dies, 
Where nothing fades, 
But all is without ending or decay." 

And now permit me again to congratulate you on the flourishing 
condition and continued prosperity of our Society. Our roll of mem- 
bers is constantly increasing bv the addition of distinguished anti- 
quarics and students of history in our own and other lands. The 
enlargement of our numbers increases the facilities for the prosecu- 
tion of our work. Our library is becoming daily more and more 
valuable by the accession of rare books, pamphlets, manuscripts, 
autograph letters and curious historic relics, many of them not to be 
found in other collections, which are moreover of great importance 
as illustrating the different epochs in the history of our country. 
Among those to be especially noticed are the Knox Manuscripts. 
This vast collection of original papers has been in the charge 
of a committee for arrangement, and more than fifty large folio 
volumes were some months ago completely filled, and the committee 
were prepared to report. Fortunately an addition of more than 
four hundred valuable manuscripts has been recently found and 


added to the collection. These have since been arranged, 
the work having been completed, the committee will soon ma 
report to the Society. 

There is a steadily increasing interest in the specialties of 
Society — -local and family history, on which our hard-world 
Librarian, John Ward Dean, A.M., is bestowing particular at; 
tion. This increasing interest is shown by a greater number 
visitors from all parts of the land, who make use of our library, a: 
also by the greater expense and labor which are bestowed upon bo<>'; 
upon these subjects. The town histories and historical discour.*< 
recently published are more carefully prepared, more elegant!-, 
printed, and illustrated by engravings of a higher order. The san 
may be said of family histories. A remarkable example is tla- 
"Whitney Family of Connecticut," by S. Whitney Phoenix, Esq., 
of New York city, a member of our Society. This is one of the most 
sumptuous genealogies yet issued in this country, and probably in 
any country. It makes three large quarto volumes of nearly oik 
thousand pages each, and is printed in the highest style of the typo- 
graphic art. The whole edition of more than five hundred b 
intended by the author as presentation copies. 

I desire to notice especially "The Genealogies and Estates of 
Charlestown, Mass.," by Thomas Bellows Wyman, in two large vol- 
umes. This work is of peculiar interest to us ; first, because it was 
written by a member and former officer of our Society ; and second, 
as it introduces a new feature into town histories — the history oi 
estates. Mr. Wyman for more than thirty years was most zealously 
engaged in collecting the materials for these volumes. lie died 
soon after he had commenced the work of printing ; but, fortunate- 
ly, the editorial labor was placed in the hands of our associate, Mr. 
Henry II. Edes, who is entitled to great praise for the good taste, 
sound judgment and critical care he has manifested in the perform- 
ance of his duty. Says Col. A. II. Hoyt, our member, these vol- 
umes "in extent and importance can properly be compared with 
only two other works of a similar character in New England, 
Savage's r Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New 
England,' and Bond's 'Genealogies and History of Watertown.' " 

I think it proper also to mention the three Reports of the Boston 
Record Commissioners which have been published, and the fourth 
now in press, which is to contain the early records of Dorchester. 

'- commission is the result of a petition from litis Society, of 

narv, 1875. The Commissioners arc William II. Whitmore, 

V.M., and William S. Appleton, A.M., both of whom are members 

• tliis Society, and who are entitled to honorable notice for the able 

inner with which they have discharged the duties assigned them. 

Library Accommodations . 

The first annual meeting of the Society held in this House was in 
1 S 7 2 . The opinion was then entertained by the officers and our 
snore active members, that this building would answer our purpose 
without enlargement for the period of twenty years. Eight years 
have now elapsed, and up to this time the progress in occupying all 
the rooms has been more rapid than coidd then have been reasonably 
anticipated. We have not yet utilized all our vacant space. But 
nevertheless there is but little left. And the question of enlarging 
our borders must soon occupy our serious attention. The rapid 
irrowtli of our membership, the enlargement of our library by gift 
and by purchase, will in a short time render the acquisition of more 
room for the accommodation of our books indispensable. I do not 
here propose any plan for the acccomplishment of this object. 
W c own a space in the rear of this building, now unoccupied, 
which will enable us to make a very important addition to our 
present available room. Whether this or some other method of 
obtaining more room shall be adopted, is a matter that must 
soon be considered. I would therefore recommend that the directors 
at an early day take such measures as they may deem advisable in the 
premises. And permit me to say that I doubt not, as prosperity now 
reigns with us again, we may have many among our eight hundred 
members and other liberal citizens who will be happy to aid us with 
contributions for so desirable an object, thus increasing our facil- 
ities for the prosecution of our work of preserving and perpetuating 
the memories of the past, and diffusing the principles of human 
right, justice and truth which have sustained our government in all its 
trials, and must always be the supports of a free republic. May 
not these considerations induce our friends to make donations or 
bequests to our Society in the distribution of their wealth for be- 
nevolent objects. Especially let not the Xcw England Historic, 
Genealogical Society be forgotten by our members, who will thus en- 
roll their names as benefactors to our cause, perpetuate the lineage of 


their families, live in the memory hereafter, and receive the grati 
of their descendants ; for, as Longfellow says, ''Time has a Do., 
day book on which he is continually recording illustrious name,. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Registi 

The Register has been regularly and promptly published a- 
the last thirty-three years ; and it affords me great pleasure 
state that it successfully pursues its noble work, and is won] 
sustained by the patronage of the public. This is one of the m 
useful, valuable and interesting periodicals of our day, and is cai 
inn out the designs of its benevolent founders in Slithering im a: 
preserving much that would otherwise be destroyed by the tootli > 
time. It is a storehouse in which is deposited a vast amount of !/;■ 
torical and genealogical information. 

This publication is intended to contain not only all that can 1 
known of our New England of the past, but what is of paramov.! 
importance it records from year to year, as from living lips, the rn - 
important events and transactions of our times. "It is," says a write; 
"a thoroughly live periodical, and the organ of a live Society, a:, : 
ought to circulate in every intelligent household." Another write; : 
" The volumes of the New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter are an honor to the hard working members of the Society, a min 
of information which no student of history can afford to neglect. 
Says another: "I cannot let an opportunity pass without giving 
testimony to the inestimable value of the labors of the Society, ami 
to the priceless worth of the treasures contained in the Register." 

The Biographical and Genealogical Department of our Society i- 
constantly increasing, and becoming more an object of attraction. 
This is as it should be, and affords a gratification that is duly appre- 
ciated by the public. Biography is the flower, the essence, of his- 
tory. The records of good men and their worthy deeds are the 
great incentives which control human action. 

To have no other record than the scrap of a newspaper, no other 
memorial than a gravestone, with perhaps only the initials of the 
christian name, with which to transmit to posterity the line of a use- 
ful and honored ancestry, is an unpardonoble omission of duty to 
the memory of those who have made us what we are. No. No« 
Let there be some "footprints on the sands of time," so that pos- 
terity may know from whence we came, what we have done to make- 


■ • world better, what we have done to promote the progress of those 
( >i ilcs which are to culminate in the perfection of our race, 
[n this connection permit me to say, I give a most cordial greet- 

• t to the Boston Memorial Association, which has just been es- 
t Mi- lied for the further ornamentation of our Parks and Public 

• rounds by memorial works of art, for the perpetuation of the 
isit-inories of illustrious men and the record, of memorable events, 
,= nil I crave for it the generous support of all who feel an interest in 
the history and renown of the good city of Boston. 

The Boston Antiquarian Club, also just formed, has a similar 
object in some respects. It is intended to arouse an interest in the 
antiquities and history of Boston, and to preserve the records and 
memorials of its past. I commend this institution also to the public. 

During the past year we have added to our city ornamentations 
a statue in front of City Hall, and another in Park Square, to both 
of which avc give a hearty welcome. Welcome to that of Josiah 
Quincy, the patriot son of a patriot sire, the eminent and enter- 
prising magistrate, the wise counsellor, the energetic public servant, 
the honest man ! Welcome to the Emancipation Group, forever to 
remind the passer by that the foul blot of slavery has been wiped 
from our national escutcheon never to appear again ! Welcome to 
the statue of Samuel Adams, the son of liberty, the hater of tyranny, 
the stern and inflexible patriot, that is soon to be erected in sight of 
Faneuil Hall, whose walls once resounded with the stirring eloquence 
of his patriotic words ! Welcome to those works of art which 
are hereafter to adorn our city as memorials of illustrious men, 
memorable events, great principles and great results, which shall 
contribute to the fame of Boston, the glory of our country, and the 
welfare of mankind ! 

Let the Arch of Triumph rise to commemorate the march of free- 
dom on these western shores. Let our market places, public squares 
and buildings be adorned with these memorials of genius, patriotism 
and philanthropy. Thus shall we cherish for generations to come the 
virtues and heroism of our fathers who laid the foundations of this 
republic, the men who laid down their lives for its defence, and the 
benefactors who planted our institutions, and the genius which has 
brought relief to suffering humanity. This will elevate the taste of 
the community, and move the heart to imitate such praiseworthy 
deeds and examples of moral worth. 


This subject has not, hitherto, sufficiently engaged the atl • 
of the public, nor have we duly considered the mission of m 
earth. How transeendantly sublime his position, exalted abo\< 
creatures, and for whom all nature labors ! How almost suo 
man his powers of mind ! How insatiable his thirst fur knowL 
sounding the depths of science and philosophy, controlling • 
forces of nature, gathering up the issues of time, solving the pi 
km of life, yearning for an eternal existence beyond the lo^ 
Well was it said, "we touch heaven when we lay our hand 
human being." We cannot understand it, but this we know, 
has a soul to exist through the ages of eternity. Truly may we 
in the words of Pope, "the proper study of mankind is man." 

There is a spirit in man capable of eternal progress ; resour . 
infinite and inexhaustible are constantly inviting him to move on i:, 
his researches, until he shall have become master of all element-, 
and have brought them into subjection to his will. 

I have spoken to you frequently of the importance of our genealo- 
gical researches in tracing out, recording, and transmitting to tlio.- 
who may follow us, the genealogy of our members, so that their 
descendants may perpetuate their line through coming time, with 
the names of those who have been blessings to the world. Tnu 
we may find, in some instances, characters whose lives we won!! 
not imitate, hut the general rule prevails that the blood of the an- 
cestry tells on posterity. We are not of those who believe in tin 
' sentiment of the poet when he says, 

Thy ancient but ignoble blood 

Has coursed through scoundrels ever since the Hood." 
Let us treasure up the bright examples of worth which have made 
our country what it is. The genealogical as well as the biographical 
department of our Society is in fact becoming more interesting ami 
useful every year, and is daily giving assistance to those engaged ir 
these researches. These sources will aid us in the preparation ui 
our Memorial Volumes, furnish important information, and enable 
the Society henceforth to record correct sketches of the lives and 
characters of deceased members, that posterity may avail themselves 
from authentic resources of information on which they can depend. 

In my last address I referred to the biographies of deceased mem- 
bers, to be printed at the charge of the Towne Memorial Fund, tiic 


l volume of which was then in preparation under the charge of a 
•miuittce appointed for the purpose, with J. Gardner White, A.M., 

Secretary. Though the printing of the work has only recently 

snmenced, there has been no unnecessary delay. The committee 

}, jve found it difficult to obtain information with regard to some of 

early deceased members of the Society, because of the lapse of 
[ime during which their contemporaries have died, rendering it diffi- 
cult for anything more than the barest statistics to be found. Fail- 
ure of some of the writers to produce the promised memoir, caused 
in some cases by death or illness, in others by inability to obtain 
expected information, has hindered the publication ; but the com- 
mittee have begun to print, and the work will go forward as steadily 
and vigorously as possible. The work will be furnished to members 
at a small discount from the actual cost, so that any member who 
chooses can be benefited by the fund. Those who wish to sub- 
scribe for copies are advised to hand their names to the secretary, as 
the money received for this volume will be added to the income of 
the fund, and used in defraying the cost of a second volume. 

Importance and Influence or History. 

Few arc fully aware of the importance of history in recording 
events as they transpire, or of its influence in promoting the welfare 
of mankind. Living as we do in this world of wonders, witnessing 
the mighty events which are shaping its destiny, and which are to cul- 
minate in the greatest good for the human race, is it not marvellous 
that there has been so little interest in this most delightful and useful 
study? Gratifying as is the interest now manifested in historical 
research, we ought not to stop here. Why should not all our cities 
and populous towns have their historical societies ? They would be 
valuable adjuncts to the town libraries, would imbue our young 
people with a love' of history, and give them the knowledge which 
all should possess of their country and kin. I commend this 
subject to the consideration of the public generally. History is the 
mirror in which we may see the form and features of the past, the 
monitor of good for the future. History is one of the choicest 
blessings of civilization. It strengthens local attachments, promotes 
the Jove of kindred and home, opens the heart to sympathy and 
moral influences, widens the range of thought and ministers to the 
happiness and advancement of our race ; in a word, it conveys one of 


the most refined and pure pleasures that the human mind can enj 
furnishing illustrations worthy of imitation through all time. 

" There is a history in fill men's lives, 
Figuring the nature of the times deceased, 
The which observed, a man may prophesy 
With a near aim of the chance of things 
As yet not come to life. * * * * *" 

And when the battle of life is on the wane, how its voices sti 
charm us with bright examples of virtue, patriotism, philanthron. 
and renown ! How consoling the reflection that when we shall have 
passed off the stage of existence, there may be a record of us left 
on earth ! 

I rejoice most heartily in the increased interest now manifesto 1 
in the study of history, and especially that which relates to our own 
ancestry and country. The discovery of this western hemisphere 
was indeed a momentous event ! In the words of Mr. Everett. 
" Another world ! twin sister of the ancient world, a boundless thea- 
tre for human enjoyment and action, with a population animated by is 
higher spirit of humanity to be reproduced and perfected in the west." 

When the Scandinavians, Leif and Thorwald, moored their little 
ships on our northern shores, they were the precursors of this great 
event. When Christopher Columbus dropped his anchors in our 
tropical sea, it was an unparalleled epoch in the history of the world ; 
but the landing of our Pilgrim Fathers on Plymouth Pock, guided 
by the star of empire like that which stood over Bethlehem, 
O, memorable deed ! there to promote the grandest extension of 
human rights and of Christian civilization that mankind has ever 
witnessed — there to erect a living monument whose summit should 
overlook the world, and whose every side should proclaim in solemn 
eloquence to the end of time, Fkeedom of Conscience, Equal 
Eights and Good Will to Man ; the Shekinak of the future 
greatness and glory of our blessed land : — 

" The hope and home of Liberty." 

How astonishing the influences which have resulted from this event, 
and its consequent bearings on the welfare of the human race — in- 
fluences which have swayed the fate of nations, and which will con- 
tinue to light up the dark corners of the earth with the blessings of 
our free institutions, while religion and philanthropy shall have a 
place in the heart of man ! Look, for instance, at the influence of 

, :ern civilization on the empire of Japan, a nation whose 
i and early history are involved in obscurity. It is only about 
-.-live years since Commodore Perry anchored his squadron 
!. ; , • Day of Yeddo to negotiate a treaty with its government. 
{ |. but a few years since Japan, with a population three-fourths 
• ! ir fr e as that of the United States, became intimately associated 
, ;li us. Until this time she was considered as a far-off nation, 
■ ;;j.tst an isolated land, veiled in mystery, one of the most unknown 
:. 1 inaccessible countries of the world. Now, by the wonderful 
Siievernents of science and the golden ties of commercial inter- 
i tirse, she is brought within eighteen days of our shores, and is 
. .,-iT to embrace everything in science, literature, religion and civil 
ii »Iity that may contribute to the happiness of her people and the 
t (cvation of the nation ; and it is not too much to say that no oriental 
i 'e possesses such eminent capacity or a greater desire for improvement, 
1 whatever opinions may be entertained in regard to Americaniz- 
ing Japan, there can be no doubt that the government and the most 
enlightened portion of the population desire to avail themselves 
of our civilization. The marvellous waking up of this people and 
'heir desire to keep abreast with the times, and to avail themselves of 
the benefits of western civilization, constitute one of the most remarka- 
ble phenomena in modern history. Said Mr. Mori, her represen- 
tative to the United States and late envoy to China, now to England, 
"The march of modern civilization in Japan has already readied the 
heart of the nation ; the English language following suppresses the 
use both of the Japanese and Chinese. Our intelligent race are 
eager to grasp the principal truths from the precious treasury of 
western science and art and religion. Our meagre language is 
doomed to yield to the domination of the English tongue." Japan 

already boasts of her institutions, modelled on our example, and is 


making large appropriations for the promotion of educational and 
industrial interests. "It is education," said Mr. Mori to me on his 
first visit to Boston, "it is education that makes a people great and 
powerful, and I look to the institutions of New England as an illus- 
tration of what may be done in Japan."' Actuated by these influences 
Japan is rising, and will we believe ultimately take her place among 
the enlightened nations of the earth. Fortunate was it {"or his 
country that Mr. Mori came to New England for information. 
Fortunate, indeed, that he consulted such men as Presidents 




Woolsey, Stearns, Hopkins, Eliot, McCosh and Seelye, S 
tary Boutwelh, and Professors Henry, Murray and Northi 
as to the elements which have made our nation so prosp( i 
and powerful, all uniting in the opinion that civil and religion 
freedom, free schools and Christianity were the foundation stones i , 
which this republic has been reared. Japan has already erected an 
Agricultural College at Sapparo, built and put in operation und< 
the supervision of President Clarke of our own college, over which, 
by order of the -Mikado, he installed a President and three Profes- 
sors, all graduates of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. She 
has a large experimental farm, the superintendent of which is also a 
graduate of our Agricultural College, where have been introduce-] 
the best products and implements of the United States. The desire 
for agricultural improvement has for some time been a noticeable 
feature, the mayor of Yeddo having informed me several years since 
that he had large orchards devoted especially to the cultivation of our 
American fruits. So the leaven works ; both Japan and China have 
sent their sons in large numbers to be educated in our institutions, 
and, were it not for the opposition and persecution manifested in 
some quarters of our country to the Chinese, we should have more 
of them. The subject of erecting an Agricultural College in 
China is seriously contemplated, and I doubt not that before many 
years the work will be accomplished. 

It is general education that has raised our country to its present 
elevated position in the eyes of the world, and history will continue 
to repeat this lesson. How aptly did our old friend Thomas Greene 
Fessenden, fifty years ago, poetize. this sentiment. 

" Survey the globe through every zone, 

From Lima to Japan, 

In lineaments of light 'tis shown 

That culture makes the man. 

The best man has, had, hopes, can have, 

Past, promisee! or possessed, 

Are fruits which culture gives or gave 

At intellect's behest." 

If such are the influences of civil and religious freedom, of free 
schools, free thought and free worship, what may we not reasonably 
look forward to in the future ? How comparatively recent the arrival 
of the Mayflower, a period not three times as long as the lives ot 
some who are still living — and how amazing the results which have 
followed the immigration of this little band to our wild New England 



, I How marvellous the progress of improvement since the 

; ujent of our country scarcely two hundred and sixty years ago ! 

• a magnificent, almost inconceivable advance, should the future 

mmensurate with the past ! and yet we have no reason to doubt 

.! it may not be more astonishing when the inspired gospel of 

nee and civilization shall have accomplished their mission on 

:h. When I reflect on the feeble condition of these colonists, 

I contrast it with the magnitude, wealth and resources of our 

untry at the present time, I am led to exclaim, Verily, Plymouth 

I! k is the grandest monument the world contains ! 

We have much to learn of the early history of our country ; but 
:: • investigations of our historical students will ultimately bring to 
.; Jit all that can be known, and henceforth Ave trust we shall be 
:i!jle to preserve in our archives a correct record of important events, 
■ >veries and acquisitions, so that every honored name, every 
; -red spot and every memorable deed may be remembered and 
herished in the history of our land. 

A very wide field for research is open to us in the old i 

world, whose cities, temples, monuments and works of art, buried 
and unburicd, are affording, through the reports of modern explorers 
and travellers, important information in regard to the people, customs 
and refinements of nations whose records have been lung lost, and of 
which we have known but little heretofore. Among these, the dis- 
coveries in Cambodia, to which I alluded in my last, are of the most 
remarkable character. Says Mr. Vincent, a late traveller, "Nothing 
has occurred so startling, or which has thrown so much light on Eastern 
art, as the discovery by Mohout and Bastian of the ruined cities of 
Cambodia — cities containing palaces and temples as splendid and 
stupendous as any in Egypt, Greece or Rome," and that beyond a 

tew fabulous records and legends of the Chinese, there is no authen- , 

tie narrative relative to this once powerful but now degraded country 
— once so powerful, it is said, that its army contained 70,000 war 
elephants, 200,000 horsemen and 600,000 foot soldiers, and to 
whom twenty kings paid tribute. One of its temples, Nagkon Wat, 
in the city of Angkor, although it follows neither Egyptian, Assyrian, 
Greek or Saracenic architecture, in style, beauty, solidity of con- 
struction, elaborate sculpture and painting, has no superior, nor 
any rival standing at the present day. The first view of it was 

almost overwhelming. Think of a temple 800 feet long, GOO wide, 


with its central pagoda rising to the height of 250 feet, its corridors - 
halls supported with more than 1500 huge columns, each a moi 
or single piece of stone, its walls sculptured with more than 100, 
separate figures, and its gallery of sculptures with over half a n, 
of continuous pictures cut in low relief — and you will have an i 
of Nagkon Wat temple of Budha. But who built this magnific, • 
temple? Was it some of the lost tribes of Israel, as suggested ':. 
Mohout? Was it built 1000 years before Christ, as some supp ■.,- 
or some years after his advent? And where are the descendants i : 
this once highly polished people, who had the genius to design :i: 
the skill to erect such a structure, and of which there is no crediU 
tradition ? These are questions that remain to be answered ; but ': 
is believed that these mysteries will ere long be solved, and throw 
much light on the history of those days. The natives themselves 
can give no information upon the subject, one replying, "It must 
either have sprung up from the ground, or been built by giants or 
perhaps by angels." Of this old city of Angkor, two and a halt 
miles long and two and a quarter miles broad, he says it is sur- 
rounded by three walls, the outer one twenty feet high and ten feci 
broad. This was known to a Portuguese historian in 1600, but was 
lost sight of from that time to 1800, two hundred and sixty years, 
when it was again brought to notice by our modern discoverers, as 
though it had never been heard of before. Ruins of other cities, 
temples, monuments, palaces and statuary, of great beauty and 
interest, with inscriptions and language which no philologist can 
decipher, are to be found through the whole valley of Makong river, 
to the very borders of China, many of which, exterior and interior, 
have been taken possession of by the roots of trees, while the shrubs 
and wild grass form a jungle in the court yards where once the proud 
monarchs of that land revelled in pomp and luxury. "A richer 
field," says Mr. Vincent, "for Oriental research nowhere exists than 
in Cambodia." 

We have much to learn in regard to the history of this western 
hemisphere. Thanks to the enterprise of our modern explorers, the 
investigations of scientists and archaeologists, sustained by the patron- 
age of enlightened nations, we are constantly receiving information 
which will settle satisfactorily many questions which have hitherto 
perplexed us. The explorations on this continent are attracting the" 
renewed attention of the world ; the magnificent architectural remains 



• • ■ 

> ,utb America, in Mexico and in Yucatan, supposed by learned 

'.,:.- to be the cradle of the world's civilization on this continent, 

! whose ancient cities possess public buildings, monuments and 

[litcctural remains that would compare favorably with those of 

i cc or Rome — together with those in North America, especially 
she villages, buildings, towers and ancient ruins left by the Cliff- 
' . Hers in the canyons of the Colorado, Montezuma and the Mancos, 
■ tiilt on the verge of yawning chasms, five hundred feet to one 

! -and feet above the bottom, some of which measure from two 
hundred to four hundred feet in circumference — the vast number 
of Mounds from Yucatan and Mexico on through the valleys of 
Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi, and west of the Rocky mountains 
to Oregon and T\ r ashington, some of which measure from 400 to 
1200 feet in circumference, and from 20 to 90 feet in height, 
with structures, sepulchres, human remains and household utensils 
within, and with broad plateaus and huge forest trees on the top, 
containing one or more acres, supposed to have been prepared for 
temples, are wonders indeed. They are no longer mythical and 
fabulous, but are well authenticated matters of history. Where 
these people came from, and whither they have gone, or whether 
they were preceded by any other races in the United States, is not 
yet positively known. These and the relics left by them, together 
with researches in regard to the civilization of the Mayas, the Xahuas, 
the Pueblos, and other races that once inhabited our vast continent 
thousands of years perhaps before modern civilization reached our 
Atlantic shores, are subjects which may well command a strong 
interest with the students of history : and, although science may 
never be able to determine how long man may have inhabited this 
continent, these researches arc constantly adding to our knowledge 
of long by-gone centuries. 

Among these, especially to be noticed, are the recent explorations 
at Chichen Itza, in Yucatan, by Dr. Le Plongeon, to whom I 
alluded last year, whose original memoirs were presented to the 
American Antiquarian Society by his friend, Mr. Stephen Salis- 
bury, Jr., of Worcester, by whom they were published. These 
arc of the most interesting character, and contain photographs and 
drawings made on the ground at Chichen Itza and other places, of 
temples, palaces, monuments, columns, statues and inscriptions of 
rare interest ; among which is the photograph of the famous statue of I 


Chaac-Mol, one of the greatest of the Itza monarchs, which Dr. I. 
Plongeon found buried in the earth at some distance from the pi 
and intended to bring to the United States, but was intercepted b\ 
the Mexican government, who removed it, with considerable display 
on its way, to the city of Mexico, where it may now be seen in th 
Museo National do Mexico. Of the memoirs of Dr. Le Ploimeon. 
Professor Short, author of "The North Americans of Antiquity," 
a most useful book embracing an account of the discoveries and 
opinions of the most eminent explorers and learned archaeologists, 
from Stephens down to the present time, thus speaks: "In these 
pages we are impressed with the fact that the darkness which so 
long enveloped the antiquity of Yucatan is soon to be displaced by 
the noonday of scientific investigation." 

During the last year one of our members, has published a tract, 
which I have read with great interest. It covers a new field of 
inquiry, and in my opinion is of peculiar historical importance. 
Within the last twenty years, several hundred copper implements, 
of a pre-historic character, have been discovered in the territory 
lying more or less directly upon the borders of Lake Superior. They 
were evidently constructed from the native copper found so exclu- 
sively in that region. The opinion of the archaeologists has not been 
clear as to who were the makers of these implements. Some have 
supposed that they were not made by the American Indian found here 
on the first arrival of Europeans, but by a superior race, in an ad- 
vanced stage of civilization, antedating the Indian by some hundreds 
of years. The Rev. Mr. Slafter, the author of the tract to which I 
have referred, has shown, by a critical survey of the reports of the 
early voyagers to our Atlantic coast and the lake region, both 
French and English, particularly the former, that these implements 
were fabricated by the Indians, and were in use by them when 
they were first visited by Europeans. Our thanks are due to the 
author of this tract for his careful investigation, and the publication 
in an English translation of the passages from the early voyages of 
the French, settling a question of so much interest to the antiquary 
and the historian. 

Without discussing at length, the time when man first appeared on 
this continent — whether he was a descendant of Noah, Shem, Ham, 
or of the Jews as different archaeologists are attempting to prove, or 
from whence he came — whether our New World is as old as Dr. 


j • -licock and Prof. Agassiz supposed it might be from their exa- 

. Ltion of tertiary remains, alluvial deposits and fragmentary bones, 

., from 14,000 to 35,000 years, or as some archaeologists believe 

• -till greater age — we leave to those who prefer the Old to the New. 

Ssil'lice it to say that, from the investigations of explorers, scientists, 

.,: 1 linguists, the opinion prevails that our continent may be coeval 

with the old world, and have, at a very early period, received its 

population from it, that it may have been inhabited thousands of 

years before the Northmen or Columbus reached our shores, that its 

people were not indigenous on our soil, or the result of evolution 

from a lower order of creation. 

Highly interesting, instructive and valuable as these developments 
live to the consecutive history of the world, we confess to a partiality 
for the history of our own nation, and especially the record of the 
wonderful achievements of our age in which New England has par- 
ticipated so conspicuously. . Had we been told fifty years ago that 
we should cross the Atlantic in nine days, leap our continent to the 
Pacific in a less period of time, that we should send the lightning 
with our messages around the globe, and stranger still that we 
should converse audibly at the distance of hundreds or thousands of 
iniles, we should have thought it as impossible as to have talked 
with the inhabitants of the moon. How marvellous these acquisi- 
tions, this conquest of mind over matter I Even before the inventor 
has closed the rivets of his new machine, he hears the click of 
another leading him on to still greater advances. These, however, 
we believe, are only. the initiatives of equally astonishing develop- 
ments to come hereafter — the scintillations of those great lights of 
science which, like the light of divine revelation, are to illumine the 
world, and guide us on toward the ineffable perfection of Him who 
is the source of all light, and who said in the beginning, "Let there 
be light !" and there' was light. 


And now a few words more in relation to our own country, and I 
will bring this address to a close. 

I have heretofore, with few exceptions, confined my addresses to 
the business operations of our Society ; but I deem it proper, as a 
historical fact, to record the return of prosperity throughout our 
land. Years of depression and depreciation of values have sorely 


afflicted us. These were the natural results consequent upon i 
late civil war, the greatest known in history, and the necessary 
in the resumption of specie payments. But now that our governm- 
redeems lier pledges in coin, the confidence of our people is resto 
the dark forebodings of the future are gone, and the hum of indu- 
try and rejoicing arc heard from one end of our land to the oth 
in the bright anticipations of the future. 

Our country was never in a more promising condition. Our v 
fields of the west and south are producing more and more abundant- 
ly, the genius of our industries is successfully competing with tli 
skill of the world, our products are in demand for foreign supplii . 
and the balance of trade is hundreds of millions of dollars in oui 
favor on the national ledger. This is the land in which we live, 
land teeming with mines, grains, textile fibres and fertile soils, a 
land producing almost all the products of the habitable globe, a 
land where want is scarcely known, whose granaries are treasure- 
houses upon which the world may draw, and to whose enterprise, 
growth and influence none dares to fix limits. 

From such a history as the past, may we not reasonably look 
forward to the future with unbounded hopes of future greatness. 
True, our country has passed through conflicts, crises, revulsions 
and the terrible ordeal of the greatest civil war on record, events 
which would have shaken the kingdoms of the old world to their 
very centre, but like the fabled bird rising from the flames un- 
harmed, she has come out of the fire soaring triumphantly in the 
firmament of progress and power. And wc fondly hope she is to 
go on still to prosper, in all that makes a nation great and glorious, 
until our whole continent may be covered with free and happy 
States, bound together under a republican government in an 
Imperial Union that never can be broken. 

" A union of lakes and a union of lands, 
A union that none can sever, 
A union of hearts and a union of hands, 
Around the flay; of our union forever." 

Speaking of this country, said Dean Stanley, "It is a part of history 
of which, for whatever reason, Englishmen are strangely ignorant 
until their imagination has been touched by the actual sight of that 
vast continent, with its inspirations, suggestions, and recollections. 
We feel that we are in the presence of one of those constellations 
which mark only those great creative epochs in the history of na- 


Certain it is, from very early time a sense of a vast and mys- 
nr destiny unfolding in a distant future, has taken possession 
minds both of Americans and Englishmen." And again, 
jj looking upon the tumultuous, foaming waters of Niagara 
-, and the brilliant sky-ascending spray above, he says : "That 
; c.lnmn glittering in the moonlight, seemed an image of the 
ire of American history — of the upward heaven-aspiring destiny 

h should emerge from the distractions of the present."' 

So may it be ! So may our blessed country continue to prosper, 

._; still higher in the scale of human excellence, of wealth, pow- 

• and virtue ! And could we with prophetic vision pierce the veil 

seh shuts out the future, methinks we might see a white-robed 

:i'_r, with out-spread wings, beckoning us forward and pointing 

i :jt the paths to Immortal Renown. O my country ! Let thy broad 

• unant forever wave in peace throughout our borders. Let thy 

j ruud argosies of commerce whiten every sea, and let thy sons and 

uighters go forth with the glad news of freedom and salvation 

I i the advancing millions that are to inhabit this land. 

O my country, my country ! a glorious destiny awaits thee ! The 
; -t is but the harbinger of still greater results in the future. Go on 
j rospering and to prosper, until the song of jubilee shall arise in 
[H-ans of praise from every tongue, people and nation to Him who 
f . roueht our fathers to these shores and made us Free. 


The animal meeting of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
'Society was held in the Society's House, IS Somerset Street, Boston, 
•] Wednesday. January 7, 1SS0, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. 

The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph. D., took the chair. 

The recording secretary, David G. Haskins, Jr., A.M., read the record of 
the previous meeting. 

The Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., chairman of the nominating commit- 
t< c, reported a list of officers and committees for the year 1880. 

Rear Admiral George Henry Preble, U. S. N., and the Hon. Charles 
Adams, of North Brookfield, were appointed a committee to receive and 
• unit the ballots, who reported that the candidates nominated were unani- 
nioiisjy chosen. 

President Wilder having been reelected, then addressed the Society. 

On motion of Charles Carleton Coffin, Esq., the hearty thanks of the 
Society were presented to president Wilder, for his able, eloquent and 
comprehensive address. The president made a happy response, lie 
then called the Rey. Mr. Slafter to the chair, and retired, the mem- 
bers rising as a tribute of respect. " His presence," says the Boston 
Daily Advertiser in reporting these proceedings, "was one of the most 
agreeable features of the meeting. He and the Society are to be con- 
gratulated on his recovery, and it is to be hoped that his enthusiasm and 
interest in historical pursuits may long be spared for his own sake as well 
as an example for younger men." 

The president's address and the list of officers and committees will be 

found in the preceding pages. 

The annual reports were then read. 

26 - 

Report of the Corresponding Secretary. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., the corresponding secretary, sul 
milted liis report as follows: 

During the past year, besides the usual correspondence relating to hi 
torical subjects, letters accepting membership in the Society have been r< 
ceivcd from forty-two gentlemen, and entered upon the files. One hoi 
orary member, four corresponding members and thirty-seven resident m< u 
hers have been added to the Society during the year, whose names ar« 
herewith appended. 

Honorary Member. 

The Most Hon. the Marquis of Lome, Governor-General of Canada, 

Corresponding Members. 

The Rev. Samuel-Chenery Damon, D.D., Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

William Dean, Esq., London, England. 

The Rev. Moses Harvey, A. I)., St. John's, Newfoundland. 

The Hon. El Conde de Premio-Real, Quebec, Canada. 

Resident Members. 

William-Henry Allen, Boston, Mass. 

Frederick-Fanning Aver, A.B., Lowell, Mass. 

Robert-Maurice Bailey, Boston, Mass. 

David-Moore Balch. S.B., Salem, Mass. 

The Rev. William Barrows, D.D., Reading, Mass. 

William-A. Bowdlear, Boston, Mass. 

Amos-Josiah Boyden, S.B., Foxborough, Mass. 

Joseph- Willard Brown, A.M., West Medford, .Mass. 

Arthur Codman, Bristol, R. I. 

The Hon. Joseph-Hayden Drummond, LL.D., Portland, Me. 

Jonathan Edwards, A.B., M.D., New Haven, Ct, 

Henry-Edwin Fales, Esq., Milibrd, Mass. 

The Rev. Luther Farnham, A.M., Boston, Mass. 

Jolin-Whittemore Farwell. Waltham, Mass. 

Albert-Alonzo Folsom, Boston, Mass. 

William-Eaton Foster, A.M., Providence, R. I. 

Frederic-Gregory Forsyth, Portland, Me. 

Charles-Bailey Gookin, Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. George-Zabriskie Gray, D.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

Alfred-Henry Hersey, Hingham, Mass. 

The Rev. Ephraira-Orcutt Jameson, A.B., Medway, Mass. 

Augustine Jones, A.M., LL.B., Lynn, Mass. 

James .Morrison, A.M., M.D., Quincy, Mass. 

The Hon. Asa-Porter Morse, Cambridge, Mass. 

Grenville-llowland Norcross, A.B., LL.B., Boston, Mass. 


William-Henry Odiorne, Esq., Cambridgeport, .Mass. 

.! ,tncs-Willnrd Preston, A.M., Boston, .Mass. 

f);ui:i-15oardman Putnam, A.M., M.D., Boston, Mass. 

Irii-Leavitt Sanderson, 31.1).. Jersey City, N.J. 

Kdward-Naman Sheppard, New Haven, Ct. 

Samuel Snow, A.B., LL.B., Cambridge, Mass. 

The Uev. Anson Titus, Jr., Weymouth, Mass. 

"William-Henry Wardwell, Newton, Mass. 

Daniel-Bodwell Whittier, Boston, Mass. 

Royal Woodward, Albany, N. Y. 

Isaac-C. Wyman, Boston, Mass. 

The Rev. Francis-Nicoll Zabriskie, D.D., Wollaston Heights, Mass. 

Report of the Historiographer. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, presented his annual 
report on the necrology of the Society. 

The historiographer reports the whole number of deaths during the year 
1879, so far as has come to his knowledge, to be thirty-two, which is about 
the average during the live years he has been in the office. The sum of 
their ages is twenty-three hundred forty-nine years, live months, and twen- 
ty-five days, an average of seventy-three years, iive months, and two days; 
being one year, one month, and nine days, above the average of the deaths 
dining the iive years. Of the thirty-two we number one honorary vice- 
president, one honorary member, seven corresponding, twelve life, and 
eleven resident members. 

The following tabulated statement will show the number of deaths, of 
average ages, of memorial sketches written for each year, and of supple- 
mental necrology. 



Average Age. 




Years. Mos. Days. 

1:1 1 15 





07 8 1 2 





72 2 11 





76 1 14 





73 5 2 




Average of five years ; 

72 3 23 



Adding the supplemental necrology of sixteen, eight of whom died within 
the five years, and eight previous to 1875, we have the total number of 
deaths one hundred and sixty-five. 

The united ages of the sixteen, not included in previous reports, is nine 
hundred ninety-one years, five months and eighteen days, an average of sixty- 
one years, eleven months and eighteen days. 

From these comparative statistics, the thought is suggested, that as < 
Society increases in the number of its members, the blessing of proloij". 
life has also been added. 

Necrology for 1879. 

The figures at the left indicate the date of admission to the Society; * indicates R 
dent member; f Life member; % Corresponding member. 

1847. The Hon. Caleb dishing, LL.D..J" born in Salisbury, Mass., Jun. 

17, 1800; died in Newburyport, Jan. 2. 1879. 
1870. Deacon Samuel Adams,")* bom in Ipswich, Mass., March 11, 170] ; 

died in Milton, Mass., Jan. 3, 1879. 
1851. William-Gray Brooks,'* born in Portland, Maine, Oct. 12, 180";; 

died at North Andover, Mass., Jan. G, 1879. 
18G7. Rev. Joseph-Maria Finotti,* born in Ferrara, Italy, Sept. 2], 

1817; died at Central City, Col., Jan. 10, 1879. 

1872. Samuel Batchelder,* 4 born in Jaffrey, N. II., June 8, 1784; died at 

Cambridge, Mass., Feb. 5, 1879. 
18G9. The Hon. George-Horatio Kuhn.f born in Boston, Mass., Dec. 1 1, 

1795; died in Boston, Feb. 22, 1879. 
1855. Col. Brantz Mayer.J born in Baltimore, Md., Sept. 27,1809; where 

• he died Feb. 23, 1879. 
18G8. Theodore-Poole Hale, Esq., 5 * born in llollis, N. II., April 27, 1810; 

died in Boston, March 1, 1879. 
1855. Samuel Whitcomb.$ born in Hanover, Mass., Sept. 14, 1792; died 

in Springfield, Yt., March 5, 1S79. 
1870. David-Dunlap Stackpole,f bom in Portland, Maine, Aug. 2, 1811; 

died in Boston, March 11, 1879. 
1870. The lion. John-Adams Buttrick,* born in Stetson, Maine, April 14, 

1813; died in Lowell, Mass., March 31, 1879. 
1875. The Hon. John-Adams Dix, LL.D..I- honorary vice-president, born 

in Boscawen, N. II., July 28, 1798; died in New York city, 

April 21, 1879. 

1873. Samuel-Pierce Long.* bom in Portsmouth, N. II., Jan. G, 1797; 

died in Boston, April 2-1, 1879. 
18G8. The Hon. Asahel Peck. LL.D.,f born in Royalton, Mass., Sept. 

1803; died in Jericho, Yt,, May 18, 1879. 
18G2. Samuel-Trask Parkerj born in Pembroke, N. II., Sept. 20, 1811; 

died in New York, June 2, 1879. 

1874. Commodore Foxhall- Alexander Parker, U S.N.,$ born in New 

York city, Aug. 5, 1821; died at Annapolis, Md., June 10, 

18G9. The Hon. William-Pickering Haines.* LL.D., born in Canterbury, 

JN T . II., Feb. 22, 1811 ; (lied in Biddeford, Maine, July 2, 1879. 
1859. Peter Hobart.f born in Boston, Nov. 19, 180G; where he died 

July 15. 1879. 
18G3. Gustavus-Adolplius Somerby. Esq.,*born in Newbury, Mass., Tsov. 

2. 1821; died at Framingham, Mass., July 24, 1879. 
187G. John-Scribner Jenness, A.M.,$ born in Deerfield, N. II., April G, 

1827; died at Newcastle, N. II., Aug. 10, 1879. 
1870. Benjamin Sewall.f born in Hallowell, Maine, Jan. 29, 1790; died 

in Weston, Mass., Oct. 12, 1879. 


;.. Austin Sumner,* born in Southbridge, Mass., Oct. 21, 1815; died 

in Boston, Oct. 14, 1879. 
\ -",:>. Walter Hastings,* born in Townsend, Mass., Dec. 9, 1814; died in 

Boston, Oct. 28, 1870. 
1-7-* The Hon. Isaac Livermore,f born in Waltham, Mass., Nov. 21, 

1707; died at Pittsfiekl, Mass., Nov. 0, 1870. 
1817. The Rev. Calvin Durfee, D.D.,$ born in Pittslield, Mass., Oct. C, 

1707; died at Williamstovvn, Mass., Nov. 21, 1879. 
Io70. William-Turell Andrews, A.M., f born in Boston, Dec. 24, 1794; 

where he died Nov. 24, 1870. 
I8aG. The Rev. William-Ives Budington, D.l).,-t born in New Haven, 

Conn., April 21, 1815 ; died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 20, 1870. 
]s7C. Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., an honorary member, born in Bristol, 

Maine, Aug. 23, 180G; died at Staten Island, N. Y., Dec. 3, 

18C0. George-William Wheelwright* born in Newburyport, Mass., Sept. 

10, 1813; died at (Jamaica Plain) Boston, Dec. 1G, 1870. 
1850. Jonathan-Brown Bright, f born in Waltham, Mass., April 23, 1800; 

where he died Dec. 17, 1 879. 
1874. Eli Washburn, Esq., f born in Hanover, Mass., March 18, 1817; 

died in Bridgewater, Dec. 21, 1870. 
1871. Gen. Josiah Newliallf born in Lynniield, June G, 1704; where he 

died Dec. 26, 1870. 

Supplemental Necrology. 

1847. William Chauncey, A.M..t born in Amherst, Mass., Jan. 31, 1793; 

died in New York city, June 20, 1870. 
1840. Benjamin Drake, M.D., % bom in New York city, Feb. 14, 1805; 

where he died Jan. 11, 1871. 

Memorial Sketches written in 1870. 

The preceding record of deaths gives the place, the date of birth and 
of death. The following record of memorial sketches gives the place of 
residence, the date of death, and the exact age of the member at the time 
of his decease. 

While the whole number of deaths, which have come to our knowledge, 
during the last five years, is one hundred and sixty-five, the nura 1 er of 
memorial sketches which have been prepared is one hundred and seventy- 
one. The index to thirty-four of these memorials, for 1870, is as follows: 


1817. William Chauncey, A.M., of New York city, where he died Jan. 20, 1370, 

aged 77 years, 4 months, 20 days. 


1649. Benjamin Drake, M.D., of New York city, where he died Jan. 11, 1871 , 
aged 65 years, 10 months, 27 days. 






1847. The Hon. Caleb Gushing, LL.T)., of Newburyport, Mass., died Jan. 2, 1-- 

aged 78 years, 1 1 months, 15 days. 
1870. Deacon Samuel Adams, of Milton, Mass., died Jan. 3, 1879, aged 87 N 

9 months, 22 days. 
1851. William-Gray Brooks, of Boston, died Jan. G, 1879, aged 73 years, 2 moi ; ■ 

24 days. 
1807. The Rev. Joseph-Maria Finotti, of Central City, Colorado, died Jan. in 

1879, aged 1 years, 3 months, 19 days. 

1872. Samuel Batchelder, of Cambridge, Mass., died Feb. 5, 1879, aged 91 yi 

7 months, 28 days. 

1869. The Hun. George-Horatio Kuhn, of Boston, died Feb. 22, 1879, aged &3 

years, 2 months, 8 days. 
1855. Col. Brantz Mayer, of Baltimore, Md.,died Feb. 23, 1879, aged 69 years, : 

months, 26 days. 
1863. Theodore-Poole Hale, Esq., of Boston, died March 1, 1879, aged 63 years, 10 

months, 4 days. 

1855. Samuel Whitcomb, of Springfield, Vt., died March 5, 1879, aged 86 year-, 

5 months, 21 days. 

1870. David-Dunlap Stackp ile, of Boston, Mass., died March 11, 1879, aged 67 

years, 7 months, 9 days. 
1870. The Hon. John-Adams Buttrick, of Lowell, Mass., died March 31, 1S79, 
aged 65 years, 11 months, 17 days. 

1875. TheTlIon. John-Adams Dix,, of New York city, died April 21, 1879, 

aged 80 years, 8 months, 21 days. 

1873. Samuel-Piersc Long, A.M., of Boston, died April 21, 1879, aged 82 years, 

3 months, 18 days'. 
1863. The Hon. Asahel Peck, LL.D., of Jericho, Vt., died May 18, 1879, aged 75 

years, 8 months. 
1862. Samuel- Trask Parker, of Wakefield, Mass., died June 2, 1879, aged 61 

years, 8 months, 13 days. 

1874. Commodore Foxhall- Alexander Parker, U.S.N. , of Annapolis, Md., died 

June 10, 1879, a^ed 57 years, 10 months, 5 days. 

1869. The Hon. William- Pickering Haines, LL.D., of Biddeford, Me., died July 

2, 1879. aged 68 years, 4 months, 10 days. 

1859. Peter tlobart, of Boston, died July 15, 1879, aged 72 years, 7 months, 26 days. 
1663. Gustavus-Adolphus Somerby, Esq., of Buston, died July 21, 1879, aged 57 

years, 8 months, 22 days. 

1876. John-Scribner Jenness, Esq., A.M., of New York city, died Aug. 10, 1879, 

aL r ed 52 years, 4 months, 4 days. 

1870. Benjamin Sewall, of Boston, died Oct. 12, 1879, aged 89 yrs., 8 mos. , 13 days. 
1865. Austin Sumner, of Boston, died Oct. 14, 1879, aged 63 yrs., 11 mos., 23 ds. 
1878. Waiter Hastings, of Boston, died Oct. 28, 1879, aged 64 years, 10 months, 

19 days. 
1872. The Hon. Isaac Livermore, of Cambridge, Mass., died Nov. 9, 1879, aged 81 

years, 11 months, l8days. 
1847. r -The Rev. Calvin Durfee, D.D.,of Williamstown, Mass., died Nov. 21, 1879, 

aired 82 years, 1 month, 15 davs. 

1870. William-Tuvell Andrews, AM'., of Boston, died Nov. 24, 1879, aged 81 

years, 11 months. 

1856. The Rev. William-Ives Budington, D.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., died Nov. 29, 

1879, aged 61 years, 7 months, 8 days. 
1876. Prof. John Johnston, LL.D., of Middletown, Conn., died Dec. 3, 1879, aged 
73 years, 3 months, 10 days. 

1860. George- William Wheelwright, of Boston, died Dec. 16, 1879, aged 66 years, 

2 months, 27 days. 
1850. Jonathan- Brown Bright, of Waltham, Mass., died Dec. 17, 1879, aged 79 

years, 7 months, 24 days. 
1874. Eli Washburn, Esq., of Bridgewater, Mass., died Dec. 21, 1879, aged 60 

years, 9 months, 3 days. 

1871. Gen. Josiah Newhall, of Lynnfield, Mass., died Dec. 26, 1879, aged 8b ' 

years, 6 months, 20 davs. 


Report of the Treasurer. 
The- Treasurer submitted the following report for the year ending Dec. 
:. 1879. 


I'.jincc January 1,1879 . ■ $19.18 

r. eived Admission Fees and Assessments . 1,119.82 

« From Life Membership Fund . . G50.00 

" Library Fund .... 995.00 

" Bradbury Fund .... 227.26 

" Sever Fund .... 158.47 

« « Bond Fund 44.47 



Care of House and Repairs .... $434.36 
Salaries of Librarian and Assistant . . 1,419.76 

Printing and Stationery ..... 358.20 

Postage 169.GS 

Express . . . . . . . . 51.04 

Fuel, Gas and Water 121.15 

Miscellaneous 125.29 


Purchase of Books 353.27 

Binding Knox Manuscripts 150.00 


Balance to new account .... $31.45 

Towne Memorial Moid. 
Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 

Sale of Books . • ' ' 

Income in 1S79 ...... 

Present amount of Fund 

Life Membership Fund. 
Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 
Four Life Members in 1879 

Present amount of Fund .... $9,297.74 




. 120.00 



Library Fund. 
Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 . . . $13,067.10 
Repairs on House . . . 90.32 

Paid for shelves in Library, &c. . 113.71 
Subscription refunded . . . 100.00 


Present amount of Fund 

Bradbury Fund. 
Present amount of Fund .... 

Sever Fund. 
Present amount of Fund .... 

Bar stow Fund. 
Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 . 
Income in 1879 
Donation from Edward Russell, Esq. 

Paid for binding 172 books in 1879 

Present amount of Fund 

Bond Fund. 
Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 
Received for books sold in 1879 . 

" " Interest .... 

Paid for binding and printing plates 

|- of Income of 1878 for purchase of books 

I " " 1879 " " 

Present amount of Fund .... $703.21 

Cushman Fund. 

Amount of Fund January 1, 1879 . . . $50.97 

Received for books sold in 1879 . . . . 9.00 

" " Interest ..... 2.02 




. $2,500.00- 




CI. 00 








. 9G.70 



. 13.35 


. 22.56 



Present amount of Fund . . . . $61.99 

Total of Funds $36,221.18 


>— United States Bonds, 1881 . 
•; V_ui Central Railroad Bonds 

u-burg & L. C. 11. R. Bonds . 
I I), troit & Bay City R. R. Bonds 
S . iinon County 111. Bonds 
'. . ,:\ County 111. Bonds 
I J.vk-on, Lansing & Saginaw R. R. Bond 
,: NVw Kngland Mortgage Security Bonds 
; Shares Boston & Providence Railroad 
:', Shares Austin City Water Company 
Iii>tttution for Savings, Roxbury and vicinity 
C.i-h and Cash Funds .... 













B. B. Torrey, 


Boston, January 1, 1880. 

Having examined the foregoing financial statement, and the securities, I 
hereby certify that I found them correct and properly vouched. 

Henry Edwards, 

Chairman of the Committee on Finance. 

Report of the Librarian. 

John Ward Dean, A.M., the librarian, made his annual report as follows: 

The whole number of volumes in the library, as reported last 
year, was ....... 

Purchases during the year 1879, .... 

Donations """".... 

Whole number of volumes at the present time, 

The whole number of pamphlets reported lust year, 
Purchased during the year, ..... 

Donations " *■ " " 

Sold by Committee, ...... 

Whole number at the present time, 

Whole number of volumes and pamphlets, . 








Since the present librarian has held his position, there have been added 
to the library, by donation alone, more than two thirds as many volumes 
and five sixths as many pamphlets as it then contained. The number of 
volumes in 1872 was 9,214, while the donations since amount to G,347. 


The pamphlets then numbered 28,115; subsequent donations have 1, 
23,481. In addition to this there has been a considerable increase of i 
library, within a few years, by purchases. 

Our collection of American town histories, genealogies and biogi 
is constantly increasing by the addition of new works as they are issu< I 
of old hooks in which the library was deficient, as opportunities to proem 
them have presented themselves. Many books in our specialties have hi 
published during the year. The most important of these have been procun i 
for the library. The income of the Sever Fund, the first dividends :, 
which have been received since the last annual meeting, has been of much 
assistance. The income from the Bond Fund is also increasing. These 
two funds are specially assigned for the purchase of books. Appropriations 
have also been made by the directors for the same purpose. 

Some of our members make it a rule to present at least one volume to 
the Society during each year. Their example is recommended to others. 
Last year President Wilder invited natives and residents of the several New 
England towns to copy the records of those towns, or procure copies of 
them, for our library. This invitation is repeated. I would also advise 
them to see that our collection of books and pamphlets concerning the towns 
in which they are interested is made as complete as possible. They can at 
least add one title. Graduates of colleges and academies are asked to help 
complete our collection of catalogues and other pamphlets relating to them. 

A list of the donors is annexed, which is printed at the end of the Pro- 

After the report of the librarian was read, the donation of the portraits 
of Isaac Addington and his wife, painted early in the last century, from 
Dudley Richards ChiJd, Esq., was announced. His letter is printed at the 
end of these Proceedings. 

Frederic Kidder, Esq., presented in behalf of David Pulsifer, A.M., a 
copy of Downame's "Christian Warfare," folio, London, 1634, which con- 
tains this entry on the verso of the title-page: "This Booke was bought 
by me in Dorchester in old England in the year 1634. Joseph Andrews: 
my Age was then 36." There are other manuscript entries in the book. 
This Joseph Andrews died at Hingham, Mass., Jan. 1, 1G80. He was son 
of Tho.nas Andrews, of that town. 

Col. James II. Jones, U. S. Marines, presented two autograph manuscripts 
of William Dampier, the navigator, one entitled " Proposals for making a 
very advantageous Voyage to the South Seas," and dated "July 10th 
1702"; the other a letter dated " Kiusale August ye Gth 1703," and en- 
dorsed in another hand " Kinsale G Aug. 1703. From Capt. Dampier, 
scheme of what he proposed to do." It gives the details of a proposed ex- 
pedition to the Pacific coast of South America. 

. . II. Snelling, A.M., presented valuable documents relating to the 
'. „f the city of .Boston. 
\ \Dto of thanks was presented to the several donors. 

Report of the Committee on the Library. 

Ilrnrv VY\ Holland, LL.B., the chairman of the committee, reported that 

r.-tilar had been sent to persons preparing family histories in order to 

,' ; :i list of such investigators, with a view of offering it for publication 

Register. Early in the year the Stebbins Genealogy, the first work 

; the kind known to have been printed in this country, was reprinted under 

:)..- i-nnetion of the Directors, the expense having been mostly repaid by 

* ;!<•-. A few copies arc still for sale by the Society. The committee have 

■ <] to be constructed a suitable casein which the card-catalogue is placed 
■ r (he convenience of examination. A large number of shelves have been 
,:.;■!- d. in the form of alcoves, both for the arrangement of pamphlets and 
I i ;','! volumes. Considerable work in arranging pamphlets and bound vol- 

■ has been accomplished by employing assistance for this special service. 
A collection of obituaries has been and mounted ready for consul- 
usion. A number of Magazines and other matter have been sold, and 

• i-cral exchanges have been made. Beside the expense of the shelving, 
ti ere have been expended about three hundred and fifty dollars for books. 
I !;■ re remains much work to be done in completing the arrangement of the 
hooks and pamphlets, and it is important to make large additions to our 
collection of biographies, and family and local histories. 

Report of the Committee ox Heraldry. 

Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., in behalf of the committee, reported as 

^ our committee in the past as in previous years have responded to all 
inquiries in their department. "We have cheerfully aided all who have ap- 
plied to us for help in ascertaining their prescriptive right under established 
rules to heraldic devices, as also in prosecuting other genealogical inves- 
tigations at home and abroad. Our acquaintance with the leading authori- 
ties and access to them in public and some private libraries enable us often 
to determine difficult questions, or supply missing links for inquirers to use 
for themselves. We have begrudged no time or toil to satisfy the laudable 
desire to know more of their progenitors, realizing how precious knowledge 
of this sort may prove to their coming generations. It has involved in some 
instances much correspondence, but we cherish too holy a sense of the value 
to families of knowledge of their history to esteem it an ungrateful task. 

^\ e are happy to record the addition to our stores of a considerable num- 
ber of pedigrees not only of our own New England names but of families 



in New York, Virginia, the Carolinas and other parts of the country, 
were presented to the Society by Mr. Forsyth of Portland, in bcliaij 
Browning of Philadelphia, who had prepared them for another pun, 
concluded to place them here. Some of them are to be found in < m ; 
ister or can be traced from Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. Mam 
known to be in print, and several that arc in print embrace individti 
branches that are not. Our Society is so well known throughout lj 
and sets of the Register are so frequently to be found in pu! .:,• 
ries, that we can hardly say too much to invite contributions to our coll* 
of family histories in print or manuscript to be preserved in our arch! 
Scions of New England stock are to be found in the remotest s< 
of the union, and as they prosper and multiply their descendants will 
interested to learn their connecting links with their parent stems. We I. 
to have speedily prepared for the Register a list of the pedigrees in t: 

The recent publication of a new edition of the General Armory of .'- 
J. Bernard Burke is an event noteworthy to all whose progenitors can:- . 
America, from the land of the rose, shamrock and thistle. Many of i 
families from whom they derive are represented in the volume by t!.- 
heraldic bearings. Several names of note here and at earlier period.* 
the mother country, however, are not included. As the work takes i 
rightful place in all our public libraries, many will avail themselves u 
future editions or the supplements from time to time appended, to L;r> ■ 
their arms recorded when sanctioned by the Heralds' College or long use i 
their ancestors. The book is a monument of patient labor by one \\h > 
stands unrivalled as an oracle of family lore, and whose graceful use of it 
in so many delightful publications for the general reader, evinces his ad- 
mirable fitness for his honored office as Ulster King of Arms. 

The committee appended a list and description of a number of seals in 
the collection of the Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, which will be printed in 
the Register. 

Report of Committee on Publication. 

John Ward Dean, A.M., chairman, reported as follows: 
The thirty-third volume of the New England Historical and Gcnealogi 
Register has been completed during the year, and the first number of the 
thirty-fourth volume has been issued. The committ e have the satis>facti< :i 
of stating that all the expenses of the Register for the year 1ST'.' havo 
been paid, and that a balance of $10G.59 remains on hand, which, with tb 
uncollected subscriptions and the money received from the sales of back 
numbers, will be used in defraying the expenses of the current year. Tlu-y 
would earnestly request the members of the Society to assist in extending 


, Irculation of the Register among their friends and others interested 
;:„ objects, and thus increase its usefulness.* 
i committee was directed at the last annual meeting, as usual, to cause 

proceedings at that meeting to be printed and distributed. This was 
.... early in the year. 

Report of the Committee on Papers and Essays. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., the chairman, made the following report: 

The committee have procured eleven papers to be read before the Society 
in the year 1879, by the following gentlemen, and upon the following sub. 
j* cts, namely : — 

In February, the Rev. Charles C. Beaman, of this city, read a paper 
on " The Early Movement for Popular Public Lectures, Debates, and Art- 
Exhibitions in Poston." 

In March, the Rt. Rev. Abbot Martin read a paper on "Life among the 
Indians in Dakota Territory." 

In April, the Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D., of Harvard College, read 
" Notes of a Tour in Russia." 

In May, Augustine Jones, A.M.. of Lynn, read a " Sketch of the Life of 
Nicholas Upsall." 

]n May, at a special meeting, Justin Winsor, A.M., of Harvard College 
Library, read a paper, with illustrations, " On the Early Maps of America." 

In June, Charles TV". Tuttle, A.M., of Boston, read a paper on u The 
Conquest of Acadia by the Dutch, in 1G74." 

In September, the Hon. John B. D. Cogswell, LL.B., of Yarmouth, Mass., 
read a paper on " Timothy Ruggles, the Tory Chief." 

In October, the Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of North Billerica, Mass., read 
a paper on the " Life of Sir Henry Vane." 

In October, at a special meeting, Mr. Frederic Gregory Forsyth, of Port- 
land, Me., read a paper on " Social Organization." 

In November, the Rev. George Z. Gray, D.D., of Cambridge, Mass., 
read a paper entitled '.'Two Days on and Near the Sussex Coast, England." 

In December, the Rev. William Barrows, D.D., of Reading, Mass., read 
a paper on th.3 " Northmen in New England." 

Report of the Committee on Memorials. 
J. Gardner White, A.M., the secretary, reported as follows: 
During the past year the committee have kept quietly but persistently at 
work in the business assigned to their charge. 

* The Xew England Historical and Genealogical Register is published quarterly by the 
Society, at its House, 18 Somerset street, Boston, Mass., in January, April, July and Octo- 
ber. Price, $'3 a year ; single numbers 75 cts. Each number contains at least 96 octavo 
pages and a portrait on steel. It is the oldest historical periodical in the United States. In 
it will be found a great variety of valuable and interesting matter concerning the History, 
Antiquities, Genealogy and Biography of America. See President Wilder' ss address, ante, 
p. 10. 


Repeated efforts have been needed in many cases to stimulate to r< 
long promised memoirs which awaited some date or fact, without wliii 
author felt he could not deliver the manuscript. Delay in securii 
dates, inability to procure desired information, illness, or other causes i: 
dent to the preparation of such a considerable number of biographies, I 
delayed the publication of the Society's first memorial volume. 

The work has necessarily devolved largely upon the secretary and <•! 
man, but the committee have met on several occasions to attend to nece 
duties, and some of the members have been active in preparing niem<>i: 
which could not otherwise be obtained, while others have given valuab] 
time and experience to the business details of the volume. 

The form and composition of the work have been decided upon, and dj 
contract for printing has been made. No illustrations, by portrait or other- 
wise, will appear, but a severe simplicity and elegance will characterize lie 
appearance of the book. 

While obtaining materials for the first volume of the series, an almost 
sufficient amount of manuscript for another has been collected, so that the 
committee can, if required, after the completion of that volume, proceed at 
once with the next publication of the Towne Memorial Fund. 

On motion of Mr. Dean, it was 

Voted, — That the committee on publication be requested to print with the 
president's address, abstracts of the various reports offered at this meeting, 
for the Annual Proceedings. 


No. 172 West Canton Street, 

Boston, December 30, 1870. 
The Hox. Marshall' P. Wilder, 

President of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Dear Sir: 

I take pleasure in presenting to the New-England Historic, 
Genealogical Society, two ancient portraits for future preservation in a 
safe place. They are (1) Hon. Isaac Addington, and (2) Madam Elizabeth 
(Norton), his wife. 

They are supposed to have been taken about the year 1714, but the 
artist who painted them is not known. They have probably descended 
through Elizabeth (Wainwright) Davenport, Mary (Dudley) Cotton, Paul 
Dudley Richards and Elizabeth (Richards) Child to Dudley Richards 
Child. They have hung in the house at the corner of Hollis and Wash- 
ington streets, over eighty years, until the death of Mrs. Elizabeth Child, 
who died December loth, 1878. They are in their original frames and 
nothing has been done to them except cleaning, strengthening and new 
stretcher frames. ' Sketches of the lives of the subjects accompany this 

I also present to the said Society an ancient Eire Bucket, which is in- 
scribed ''Peter Johonnot — 1760," and which formerly belonged to Peter 
Johonnot, Distiller, who lived on Orange street, near Harvard street, 
Boston, and died in 1809. It is one of three similar fire buckets bearing 
the same inscription, which were preserved for many years in the above- j 

mentioned house. 

I remain your obedient servant, ] 

Dudley Richards Child. 

Isaac Addington 

Was bom Jan. 22, 1641-5, in Boston, and died in the game town, March 19, 
1714-15. lie was bred a surgeon. In 1GS5 he was a Deputy in the Massachusetts 
General Court, and was chosen Speaker of the House. In 1686 he was chosen an 
assistant. He opposed the administration of Andros, and on his deposition in 1689, he 
was chosen Clerk of the Committee of Safety, and held the office till 1090, when he was • 




made Secretary under the Provincial Government. lie was a judge of the C 
Common Pleas from 1093 to 1702, and then was created Chief Justice, holding I 
office nearly a year. He held various other offices, among them Judge of Prob ■ 

lie married first, Elizabeth, dau. of Griffith Bowen. She died March 2, 171*2-13, 
arid he married, Nov. 19, following, Mrs. Elizabeth (Norton) Wainwright, v,i. . 
survived him, lie left no issue. 

Elizabeth Norton 

Was born about 1G55, and was the daughter of William Norton of Ipswich, by 
his wife Lucy, daughter of Emanuel and Lucy (Winthrop) Downing. She was a 
sister of the Rev. John Norton of Ilingham, and a niece of the Rev. John Norton 
of Boston, whose widow gave the land for the Old South. She was also a niece of 
the celebrated Sir George Downing, Bart., and of his sister, Mrs. Anne Bradstrect, 
the second wife of Gov. Simon Bradstreet. Gov. Winthrop was her great uncle. 

She married first, Col. John Wainwright, who died July 30, 1703 ; and by who?,: 
she had several children, among them Addington Davenport, and Lucy, wife of 
Paul Dudley. She married second, Nov. 19, 1713, the Hon. Isaac Addington. of 
Boston, whom she survived. She died in Roxbury, Nov. 22, 1742, in her 88th 



The following are the names of persons who have been kind enough to 
present books or pamphlets to the Library during the past year. The 
thanks of the Society are here renewedly tendered to the numerous donors 
for these valuable gifts. Many of them have filled gaps that needed to he 
lilled, and all of them will be useful to the investigators who resort to us 
for information. We beg to say to our members and our friends that for 
the coming year we hope they will be still more bountiful. Any historical 
hooks will be gratefully received. If they happen to be duplicates of what 
wc already have, we can exchange them for what we have not. We would 
particularly ask the gift of Biogkapiiies or Memoirs. We should be glad 
to have every book of this class which has ever been printed in this country. 
Let any reader of this, who has a volume of this class, old or new, large or 
small, for which he has no further use, be assured that it will be most wel- 
come to our shelves. "We hope our members and others will take a pride 
in making this department of the library as complete as possible. 

John Ward Dean, 


Acton Patriot, Acton, Mass. 

F. G. Adams, Topeka, Kansas, 

John L. Alexander, A.M., M.D. Belmont, Mass. 

Arthur Martineau Alger, LL.B. Taunton, Moss. 

William Allen, A.M. Boston, 

Willard S. Alien, A.M. East Boston, 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, 
Annual Reports from 1G2 cities and towns. 

The lion. Henry B. Anthony, LL.D. Providence, R. I. 

Mrs. William Appleton, Boston, Mass. 

William Sumner Appleton, A.M. Boston, Mass. 

George W . Avery, .M.D. Hartford , Conn. 










Lyman H. ,3agg, A.M. 
John R. Baker, 
Charles C. Baldwin, 
David M. Balfour, 


New York, N. Y. 
Philadelphia, Pcnn. 
Cleveland, Ohio, 2 

Charlestown, Mass. 

4 2 


John M. Bancroft, 

Surg.-Gen. General Joseph K. Barnes, 

George W. Barber, 
Frederick W. Barry, 
Thomas E. Bartlett, 
Samuel Bassett, 
J.I. Bates, 
James M. Battles, 
The Rev. John Wickliffe Beach, A.M., 


B. 11. Beedharn, 
Stephen Berry, 

Thomas W. Bicknell, A.M. 

Charles J. F. Binney, 

Frank W. Bird, 

Francis B. Blake, 

Samuel L. Boardman, 

The Hon. Lucius M. Bolt wood, A.B. 

C. L. Bonne}', 
City of Boston, 
Boston Atbeneeum, 

Boston Port and Seaman's Aid Society, 

Boston Public Library, 

Amos J. Boy den, 

The Rev. Caleb D. Bradlee, A.M. 

Jonathan Brown Bright, 

Robert Alouzo Brock, 

L. W. Brodhead, 

A. C. Brown, 
Ammi Brown, M.D. 
John Coffin Jones Brown, 
.Bunker Hill Monument Association, 
Bureau of Education, 

Bloomfield, N. Jersey 




Washington, D. C. 


Milwaukee, "Wis. 


Boston, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Braintree, Mass. 


Lowell, Mass. 


Yonkers, N. Y. 


Kimbolton, Eng. 


Portland, Maine, 



Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Muss. 



Boston. Mass. 


New Haven, Conn. 

Chicago, 111. 

Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Foxboro', Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 

Watcrtown, Mass. 


Richmond, Virginia, 



Delaware Water Gap, 


New York city, N. Y. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Charlestown, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 



The Rev. Augustine Caldwell, 

Rufus. G. F. Candage, 

Nahuai Capen, LL.D. 

The Rev. C. C. Carpenter, A.M. 

Charles II. Carmen, 

Jlosea Ballou Carter, 

George Bigelow Chase, A.M. 

Dudley Richards Child, 

Edwin 0. Chi Ids, 

George W. Chi Ids, 

E. Herbert Clapp, 

The Rev. Dor us Clarke, D.D. 

F. W. Clarke, 
Robert Clarke, 

Ipswich, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 2 

Boston, Mass. 
Peabody, Mass. 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1 
East Hampstead, N. H. 1 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Newton, Mass. 1 

Philadelphia, Penn. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 2 

Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 




ll ,n. Williain Smith Clark, LL.D. 
I » ,. Cleveland, 
i .:]o Carleton Coffin, 

I! Cughill, 

rclJ iiahColburn,A.M. 
/ ;,;i J. Cooke, 

:• r Benjamin Franklin Cummings, 
;.;:-. Caleb A. Curtis, 
i.;..- Rev. Samuel Cutler, 
AbramJE. Cutter, 

Book 3. 





Amherst, Mass. 



Chicago, 111. 


Boston, Mass. 


New York city, N. Y 


Boston, Mass. 




Providence, R. I. 


Salt Lake city, Utah, 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Charleston, Mass. 


Mrs. Caroline II. Dall, 

Henry A. Dairy mplc, 

Benjamin F. Davenport, M.D. 

John Ward Dean. A.M. 

Miss Harriet Brewer Derby, 

George Dexter, A.M. 

William Dewey, 

1). Homer Dixon, K.N. L. 

Herman Doane, 

Robert Dodge, 

Charles II. J. Douglass, 

Francis Samuel Drake, 

Dean Dudley, 

Gen. W. W.Dudley, 

James A. Dupee, 

Hczekiah Earle, 

John Parsons Earwaker, M.A., F.S.A, 

Prof. Daniel C. Eaton, LL.B. 

The Pvev. Richard Eddy, 

Henry Edwards, 

William H.Egle, M.D. 

Harrison Ellery, 

Z. Stiles Ely, 

The Rev. George R. En.tler, 

Essex Institute, 

The Rev. Luther Farnhan , A.M. 

Francis E. Faxon, 

Cyrus Felton, 

William E. Foster, A.M. 

David G. Francis, 

Selectmen of Gardner, 

Wendell Phillips Garrison, A.B. 

The Rev. Samuel L. Gerould, A.B. 

Matilda Goddard, 

George A. Gordon, A.M. 

El bridge II . Goss, 

Georgetown, D. C. 
Nashua, N. II. 
Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Salem, Mass. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Philadelphia, Penn. 
Toronto, Canada, 
Eastham, Mass. 
New York city, N. 1 



Providence, R. I. 


Roxbury, Mass. 


Wakefield, Mass. 


Richmond, Va. 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 

Manchester, England, 


New Haven, Conn. 


College II ill, Mass 


Boston, Mass. 

Harrisburg, Penn. 


Boston, Mass. 


New York city, N. 



Franklin, N. Y. 



Salem, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Marlboro', Mass. 


Providence, R. I. 



New Y r ork city, N. 



Gardner, Mass. 


Orange, N. J. 


Gofistown, N. 11. 


Cambridge, .Mass. 

Lowell, Mass. 



Melrose, Mass. 



Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, 
The Rev. George Z. Gray, D.D. 
George II. Green, 
Samuel A. Green, M.D. 
Charles H. Guild, 
L. A. Guild, 

Frank W. Ilackctt, A.M. 

S. P. Hadley, 

John R. Ham, M.D. 

Prof. Edward Winslow Hall, A.M. 

The Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D. 

The Hon. Walter Harriman, A.M. 

Mrs. Caroline Gray Ilaskins, 

Harvard College Library, 

John T. Hassain, A.M. 

John Lord Hayes, A.M. 

George W. 11 ay ward, 

The Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M. 

Miss Harriet E. Ilenshaw, 

Charles R. Hildeburn, 

The Rev. Edwin R. Hodgman, A.M. 

Richard Manning Hodges, M.D. 

The Rev. Frederick W. Holland, A.M. 

David Parsons Holton, M.D. 

Henry A. Homes, A.M. 

George R. Howell, 

Albert Harrison lloyt, A.M. 

The Hon. John W. Hoy t, 

The Hon. Douglass S. Hubbard, 

Luther P. Hubbard, 

William Wheeler Hubbell, 

The Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M. 

Walter H. Hughes, 

Gen. A. A. Humphries, Chief of U. S. 

D. R. Humphries, 
Daniel T. V. Huntoon, 




Boston, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Lansing, Mich. 



Boston, Mass. 



Somerville, Mass. 


Bethlehem, Conn. 


Portsmouth, N. 11. 



Lowell, Mass. 


Dover, N. II. 


Waterville, Maine, 


North Bennington, Vt. 


Warner, N. H. 


So. Framingham,Mass 


Cambridge. Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Eastot), Mass. 


Billcrica, Mass. 


Leicester, Mass. 

Philadelphia, Penn. 


Westford, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 



New York city, N. Y. 


Albany, N. Y. 


Albany, N. Y. 


Cincinnati, Ohio, 


Cheyenne, Wyoming, 


Boston, Mass. 

New York city, N. Y. 

New York city, N. Y. 

Lexington, Mass. 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


Washington, D. C. 


Boston, Mass. 
Canton, Mass. 


Miss Caroline R. Jackson, 

Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B. 

Charles S. Johnson, 

William F. Johnson, 

George F. Jones, 

Col. James 11. Jones, U. S. Marines. 

Boston, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Washington, D. C. 
Frederick City, Md. 
Boston, Mass. 
Charlestown, Mass. 

Kansas State Historical Society, 
B. J. Kendall, 

Topeka, Kansas, i 

Enosburgh Falls, Vt. l 


\aeky Historical Society, 
I J I). Kitchel, 

l v. n of Lancaster, 
>jaa W. Lane, 
jlliain B. Lapham, M.D. 
V.,i'iain II. C. Lawrence, 
.' . . un Lawton, 
Francis II. Lcc, 
Mk< Sarah M. Lee, 
William II. Lee, 
Francis II. Lincoln, 
Crawford £. Lindsey, 
Ling Island Historical Society, 
William Parsons Lunt, 
Town Clerk of Lynn, 

J. Hill Martin, 

The Rev. Abijah P. Marvin, 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Massachusetts Charitable Association, 

Massachusetts Historical Society, 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 

Massachusetts Medical Society, 

Massachusetts State Board of Health, 

James E. Mauran, 

Silas P. Maxim, 

John A. McAllister, 

The Ilun. George VV r . McCrary, 

Maj. Gen. George B. McLellan, LL.D. 

Mercantile Library Association, 

George 0. Merriam, 

Lieut. Frank Michler, U.S.A. 

Minnesota Historical Society, 


Thomas II. Montgomery, 

George II. Moore, LL.D. 

Robert Morriss, 

The Hon. Leopold Morse, 

The Hon. Edward S. Moseley, A M. 

George Mountfort, 

Alfred Madge, 

Gilbert Nash, 

The Rev. Charles P. II. Nason, 
Charles A. Nelson, A.M. 
State of New Hampshire, 
New South Wales Intercolonial Inter- 
national Committee, 
New York State Library, 



Faniph- c^lla- 

lets. Deou3 

Lexington, Ky. 


New York city, N. Y. 


Lancaster, Mass. 


Manchester, N. II. 


Augusta, Me. 

IG 3 

Boston, Mass. 


New Rochelle, N. J. 


Salem, Mass. 


Norwich, Conn. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Fall River, Mass. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Boston, Mass. 


Lynn, Mass. 


Bethlehem, Penn. 



Lancaster, Mass. 


Boston. Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Newport, R. I. 


South Paris, Me. 


Philadelphia, Penn. 


Washington, D. 0. 


Newark, N. J. 


San Francisco, Cal. 


Boston, Mass. 



West Point, N. Y. 


St. Paul, Minn. 


Marlboro', Mass. 


Philadelphia, Penn. 


New York city, N. Y. 


La Grange, Kentucky 


Boston, Mass. 


Newburyport, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 



Boston, Mass. 



Weymouth, Mass. 

1 1 

Chelsea, Mass. 


Somerville, Mass. 


Concord, N. II. 



Albany, N. Y. 



Cyrus Nowell, 
Samuel B. Noyes, x\.M. 
Numiematic and Antiquarian Society, 
Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, 

Estate of James C. Odiorne, A.M. 

Fitch E. Oliver, M.D. 

Prof. Charles P. Otis, Ph.D. 

Henry A. Page, 

The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. 

George T. Paine, 

Henry D. Paine, M.D. 

The Rev. Edwards A. Park, D.D. 

Commodore Foxball A. Parker, 

Samuel D. Partridge, 

William S. Pattee, M.D. 

Darius Peck, 

The Rev. Stephen D. Peet, D.D. 

Augustus Thorndike Perkins, A.M. 

Tne Hon. Amos Perry, A.M. 

The Rt. Rev. William Steven3 Perrv, 

Philadelphia Mercantile Library, 
Henry Phillips, Jr. 
S. Whitney Phoenix, A.M., LL.B. 
Mrs. Charles Pickering, 
The Hon. James S. Pike, 
Wellington Pool, 
William P. Poole, A.M. 
Prof. Louis Pollens, 
Rear Admiral Preble, U.S.N. 
El Condc de Premio-Real, 
George P. Putnam's Sons, 






Portland, Me. 


Canton, Mass. 



Philadelphia, Penn. 


Montreal, Canada, 



Framingham, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 

Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 




Cambridge, Mass. 



Providence, R. I. 


New York City, N. 



Andover, Mass. 


U. S. Navy, 


Boston, Mass. 


Quincy, Mass. 


Hudson, N. Y. 


Clinton, Wisconsin 



Boston, Maes. 


Providence, R. I. 



Davenport, Iowa, 

Philadelphia, Perm. 
Philadelphia, Penn. 
New York city, N- Y. 
Boston, Mass. 
Calais, Maine, 
Wenham, Mass. 
Chicago, 111. 
Hanover, N. II. 
Brookline, Mass. 
Quebec, Canada, 
New York city, N. Y. 

Quebec Literary and Historical Society, Quebec, Canada, 

George W. Ranck, 

Paui K. Randall, 

George B. Reed, 

Dexter Richards, 

M. L. Roberts, 

Thomas L. Rogers, 

Royal Historical Society, 

Royal University of Norway, 

Z. Paul Ry lands, F.S.A. 

The Hon. Nathaniel Foster Safford, 

Edwin H. Sampson, 

Ira Lcavitt Sanderson, M.D. 

Lexington, Ky. 
Cortland, N. Y. 
Boston, Mass. 
Newport, N. H. 
New Haven, Conn. 
Boston, Mass. 
London, Eng. 
Christiana, Norway, 
Thelwall, Eng. 

Milton, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Jersey City, N. Y. 




,. Knoch Sanford, A.M. 
.!!:•.! Turner Sargent, 
:-i Mitchell Sargent, 
: Clinton B. Sears, U.S.A. 
I \ Sharpe, 
< sjmw, M.D. 
. 1. 1-,... ••ion Sibley, A.M. 
Hon. Charles W. Slack, 
Kev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. 
.; - ..nian Institution, 
.< iion. Isaac Smucker, 
Hon. J. V. C. Smith, 
>>:heran & Co. 
•::i;el E. Staples, 
H. Stickney, 
. • Hon. Isaac Story, 
II. Tilley, 

i -.- Rev. Anson Titus, Jr. 
rge Tolman, 
illiam Blake Trask, 
fred T. Turner, 

.e Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D. 
f. Moses Coit Tyler, A.M. 

t'nited States Patent Office, 
Mrs. Henry Upham, 

Suite of Vermont, 

K- tate of the Rev. John A. Vinton, 

Moses C. Warren, 

C. II. Washburn, 

William II. Waterman, 

Edwin F. Waters, 

James S. Watson, 

The Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D. 

Western Reserve College, 

Henry Wheatland, M.D. 

J. Gardner White, A.M. 

Thellon.Marshall Pinckney Wilder 

Juhn Fletcher Williams, 

Edward Winslow, 

Wisconsin Historical Society, 

Isaac F. Wood, 

E. M. Woodward, 

Lewis Woodward, 

Worcester Society ot Antiquity, 

Town Clerk of Worcester, 

Miss Kate P. Wormeley, 

The Hon. Carrol D. Wright, 

Richard Wynkoop, 







Kaynham, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Portland, Me. 


West Point, N. Y. 


Seymour, Conn. 


Boston, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Washington, D. C. 


Newark, Ohio, 



New York city, N. Y. 


London, Eng. 


Worcester, Mass. 


Baltimore, Md. 


Somerville, Mass. 


Newport, R. I. 


Weymouth, Mass. 


Concord, Mass. 


Boston, Mass, 




Boston, Mass. 


Crawfordsville, Ind. 



Ann Arbor, Mich. 


Washington, D. C. 


Boston, Mass. 




A.M. Winchester, Mass. 




Boston, Mass. 


Racine, Wis. 


New Bedford, Mass. 


Boston, Mass. 


Uffington, West Va. 


Chicago, 111. 


Hudson, Ohio, 


Salem, Mass. 


Cambridge, Mass. 



, Ph.D. Dorchester, Mass. 


St. Paul, Wis. 



Jamaica Plain, Mass 


Madison, AVis. 



New York city, N. Y 


Ellisdale, N. J. 


Westminster, Md. 


Worcester. Mass. 


Worcester, Mass. 


Newport, R. I. 


Beading, Mass. 


New York city, N. Y. 1 


^rcgfocnt'ji $D&t*egg to tlje Council 


new- england 
Historic Genealogical Society 

14 JANUARY, 1889 


jPrtjsfDcnt'g SlDtite&s to tljc Council 



Historic Genealogical Society 

14 JANUARY, 1S89 



N T E. 

By a vote of the Council, passed 11 February, 1889, the Address 
of the President, to the Council, upon the reorganization of the Society 
under the new By-Laws, was referred to the Committee on Printing 
and Stationery, with full powers ; but at the request of the President, 
who expected that the Committee on Donations would complete his 
account of the Funds and Cabinet of the Society, the printing has 
been deferred from time to time. 

No such report, however, having yet been presented by the Com- 
mittee on Donations, and the facts set forth in the Address having 
been collected with considerable labor, it is now laid before even* 
member of the Society, since it is important that its statements should 
be preserved, in a convenient form, for future reference. 


Committee on Printing and Stationery. 

Boston, May, 1892. 



For the Year 1889. 


ABNER CHENEY GOODELL, Jr., A.M., of Salem, Massachusetts. 

WILLIAM ENDICOTT, Jr., A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

JOSEPH WILLIAMSON, A.M., of Belfast, Maine. 

JOSEPH BURBEEN WALKER, A.B., of Concord, New Hampshire. 

JAMES BARRETT, LL.D., of Rutland, Vermont. 

WILLIAM GAMMELL, LETT, of Providence, Rhode Island. 

EDWIN H. BUGBEE, of Killingly, Connecticut. 

3&ccortjmtj iSccrrtarg. 

DAVID GREENE HASKINS, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

CoiTcspontimtj JSccrctart). 

FRANCIS HENRY BROWN, M.D., of Boston, Massachusetts. 


BENJAMIN EARSTOW TORRE Y, of Boston, Massachusetts. 


JOHN W 7 ARD DEAN, A.M., of Medford, Massachusetts. 

%\)t Council. 

Ex Offuiis. 


Term Expires 1892. 

ANDREW PRESTON PEAP.ODY, D.D., LL.D., of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL, A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
ROBERT CHARLES WINTHROP, Jr., A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Term Expires 1891. 

WILLIAM CLAFLIN, LL.D., of Newton, Massachusetts. 
HENRY AUSTIN WHITNEY, A.M., of Milton, Massachusetts. 
JOHN TYLER HASSAM, A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Term Expires 1890. 
WILLIAM BLAKE TRASK, A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
GRENVILLE HOWLAND NORCROSS, EL. B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
FRANK ELIOT BRADISH, A.B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 


14 January, 1889. 

Gentlemen of the Council: 

At the outset of a new departure in the career of our 
Society a review of the main events in our progress to 
this time would seem to be desirable even for those 
who have been intimately concerned in its management 
hitherto, and doubly proper for those of us who now for 
the first time assume a share of the responsibility of 
directing its affairs. 

I shall not therefore apologize for calling your atten- 
tion to the pecuniary and numerical growth and condi- 
tion of this institution before I proceed to point out the 
changes ^vhich have been effected in our organization by 
the adoption of a new code of by-laws, and the steps 

which, in pursuance of my official duty, I feel constrained 

to recommend to you as necessary to be taken by this 

board in order to execute the will of the Society as cx- 

pressed in the new code. On this head, however, I shall j 

be brief. 

Starting a little more than fort v-f our years ago as a 

„ n History of 

voluntary association of five gentlemen " interested in the Society : 

genealogical inquiries and in family history," for the 
sole and express object of collecting and preserving " the 
Genealogy and History of early New England Families," 
this little company, together with a few associates subse- 
quently admitted, was incorporated, foil)' months later, 



under the name originally adopted by the association and 
which our Society still bears, for a purpose slightly en- 
larged from the professed object of the founders ; namely, 
" of collecting, preserving, and occasionally publishing 
genealogical and historical matter relating to early New 
England families, and for the establishment and main- 
tenance of a cabinet." 

In this corporate form it has continued to grow with- 
out any change in its organic law (except such as has 
been effected by two acts enabling it to hold additional 
property, real and personal) until to-day it embraces a 
resident membership of more than seven hundred and 
fifty persons (including three hundred and fifteen life 
members) besides two hundred and fifty corresponding 
members in this and foreign countries. 

— -itsfinan- The financial growth of the Society has kept pace with 

rial growth . . . „ . c 

to 1861; its numerical expansion, ror the lirst year or our cor- 
porate existence the Treasurer's cash accounts show a 
total of 8110 received, and an expense account of 886.03. 
The next year the receipts, including sundry cash dona- 
tions, were 8200.97, and the expenses 8187.64. Passing 
over an interval of ten years or more, we find the ex- 
penses, in 1857, more than doubled, or 8382.01. The 
next year the expenses amounted to 8604.44, and in the 
year following (1859) to 8767.04 (including an " old 
debt" of 8158), and again in 1861, to 8873.68, includ- 
ing 8180, which had been received from six life members 
in commutation of their annual assessments and had 
been improvidently applied to current expenses, but which 
was now recovered and made the foundation of the Life- 
membership Fund, of which I shall say more hereafter. 

— to 1871; A leap through another decade brings us to 1871, for 

which year we find the expense account again more than 
doubled ; or a total of 81,634.70, against an income, from 
admission fees and assessments and from the Life Fund, 
of 81,656.02 ; indicating a total paying membership of 
between five hundred and six hundred. Another decade 


ssed. and the reports for the year 1881 show the ex- —to 1881; 

. ,-nso account again more than doubled; or 83,411.09 

against an income from all sources (except from the 

Register), for the year, of 83,409.65. The increase of 

receipts and expenses from this last date has not been 

such as to wan-ant the belief that this geometrical ratio 

is to continue, although the corresponding income for the 

past year has increased, in round numbers, to nearly —to 1889. 


You may have noticed that from the accounts of 1881 The 
I made special exception of the receipts and expenses on 
account of the New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register, and you probably have observed that the finan- 
cial business of this publication appeared, for the first 
time, in the Treasurer's annual report of 1887. This 
may have led some of you to infer that the old arrange- 
ment, by which all pecuniary responsibility for the publi- 
cation of our valuable quarterly was assumed by a club 
voluntarily organized with the consent of the Society, 
had continued up to the year preceding that report. 
This, however, is not the case. The Register club was —owned by 
dissolved by mutual agreement in the autumn of 1874, lc '^ oue >- 
since which time the financial responsibility for the 
publication of the Register has devolved wholly upon the 
Society. It is due to our vigilant Treasurer to say that 
he has invariably held that the important fiscal transac- 
tions pertaining to this branch of the Society's business 
should appear in his books and be shown in the annual 
statement ; but the complications of that business, and 
other obstacles which he encountered, were so formidable 
that, to surmount them, required some considerable per- 
sistency, and an amount of labor which he could not be- 
stow in one continuous effort. I am happy to report — its 
that he has now succeeded in reducing the business to a and earnings 
system, and, beginning with the year 1886, his books con- f^^the 
tain all the entries necessary to a proper understanding Treasurer, 
of the Society's receipts and payments on account of the 


Register. The balance of this account appears not to be 
large either way, at present ; but I think the whole sub- 
ject worthy of the special attention of the Council, and 1 
shall make some recommendation relative to it. 
Total income While the income for general purposes, exclusive of a 
donation of 6250 from Dr. Tarbox, the year last past, 
is 8-1,314.66, including interest on moneys raised by con- 
tribution for specific purposes but not yet applied, and 
the profit from investment of funds not devoted to 'spe- 
cific objects, we have derived other income from funds 
given for the promotion of specific objects which swells 
the total receipts to 85,249.47, — only about one third of 

which is derived from admission fees, annual assessments, 

and income of the Life-membership Fund. 

History of The growth of these funds ("which to-day amount to a 

the Society's ° 

funds. " total of nearly 670,000) I deem sufficiently interesting 
to warrant my dwelling upon it here. Almost from the 
beginning, small donations appear from time to time 
entered in the Treasurer's books ; thus, in 1845, 1 find a 
gift to the Society of 85 ; and in 1846, a threatened 
deficiency of ^Cj.j was avoided by contributions to that 
amount among the members. In 1847, 838 appear to 
have been contributed as a donation; in 1850, 83; in 
1851, 691.70; in 1852, 810; in 1855, 673; and, in 
1857, 820, — making a total, for the first fourteen 
years, of 8305.70, if 1 have read the record correctly. 

Bond Fund. In the year 1859 the Society received a testamentary 
gift, from Dr. Henry Bond, of Philadelphia, of eight hun- 
dred copies, in sheets, of his work entitled " Genealo- 
gies and History of Watertown," together with other 
manuscripts and printed matter. I have not been able 
to find any record which shows that this legacy was in 
any manner qualified. It has always been treated as 
an unconditional gift, and was set apart as a fund by 
a vote of the Society, according to which the income of 
the proceeds of the sales of these sheets bound into 
volumes is to be applied one eighth to increasing the 


ftmil, and tlic remainder to the purchase of books of 
local history and genealogy, reserving a sufficient amount 
to defray the expense of binding and preserving the 
manuscripts bequeathed to the Society by the testator. 

This fund now amounts to 8868.46 in money ; besides 
which we have seven hundred or eight hundred of the 
volumes remaining in sheets, from which, unfortunately, 
some fourteen signatures (or 224 sheets") are said to have 
been lost or destroyed, either during their removal to this 
house, or since they were placed in the cellar. I have a 

proposal from a competent printer to supply these miss- 
ing sheets, and to bind the whole, at an expense not ex- 
ceeding the amount on hand belonging to the fund ; and 
since the book is now rare, and is in demand at the price 
of 89 or 810 per copy, I recommend that you authorize 
the completion and sale of these volumes, which, at one 
half the price I have named, would increase the fund to 
between 88,000 and 84,000. 1 

This legacy in point of time was the first of the series 
of funds from which the Society derives income which it 
applies to particular uses. 

Next comes the Barstow Fund. This originated in Barstow 
September, 1860, in a gift from John Barstow, of 
Providence, R. I., a former vice-president of the So- 
ciety, of two shares of the Boston and Providence Rail- 
road Company of the par value of 8100 each, from 
the sale of which we realized 8400. A further donation 
in May, 1862, of 8300 cash, and still another of 8500 
cash, in March, 1863, both from the same source, brought 
the fund up to 81,200, the amount at which it still stands 
on our books. I have not been able to find any record 
of the form of this gift ; but I presume that it was uncon- 
ditional, since it was funded by the vote or acquiescence 
of the Society, and the income devoted to the binding of 

1 On clearing the cellar, in 1889, the missing signatures were found, by 
which the expense of making up the edition is greatly lessened. 


Towne The Towne Memorial Fund, which comes next in 

Fund. chronological order, was established by the late William 

B. Towne, who was for some time Treasurer, and long 
an active and zealous member of our Society. On the 
6th of January, 1864, he gave to the Society the sum 
of 81,000, in accordance with a previous promise, con- 
ditioned upon the raising of an equal amount, during 
the year 18G3, by the payment of fees for life-member- 
ship, — which by a vote of the Society, Oct. 3, 1855, 
had been fixed at 850, and reduced to 830 by another 
vote four years later. The tender of this gift was made 
in a letter to the Corresponding Secretary, dated Dec. 
31, 1803, in which the wish is expressed that the 
amount be placed "in the hands of trustees, and kept 
separate and apart from the ordinary receipts of the 
Society, and thereby made a permanent fund, the income 
thereof to be used for the preservation of memoirs of 
deceased members." To this fund, which was accepted 
by a vote of the Society upon the terms proposed by 
the donor, another 81,000 was added by the founder, 
March 18, 1870. By the addition of accumulated income 
to the principal, this fund once reached nearly the sum 
• of 85,000. From this it has shrunk at the present time 
to 84,539.68, after defraying the cost of five volumes of 
the Memorial Biographies of Deceased Members, printed 
in accordance with the design of the founder. 

Assuming the wish of Mr. Towne, as expressed in the 
letter to which I have referred, to be tantamount to a posi- 
tive direction or injunction, which I think is a fair legal 
interpretation of the instrument, the appointment of trus- 
tees to succeed those who were originally appointed with 
the approbation of the founder, would seem to rest with the 
courts. There is, at least, a doubt of the donor's inten- 
tion to leave this matter wholly at the discretion of the 
Trustees: Society, without supervision. I therefore recommend 
desirable.' this subject to your attention, and suggest that it might 

perhaps be well to apply to the Legislature for an Act to 



, siaMc the Finance Committee, together with the Treas- 
urer anil their successors in office, to hold, as trustees, this 
or any other fund given in trust for the benefit of the 
Society, upon the death of the original trustees, or upon 
their resignation, and with their consent and the consent 
of the Society. By this means all the property held for 
the Society's use will be made to appear on the Treas- 
urer's books of account. I will add, in passing, that this 
fund and the Kidder fund, to which I shall refer again, 
are the only funds which are not clearly to be held and 
managed by the Society, immediately, without the inter- 
vention of trustees. 

Some time in the year 1861 (I have not been able to Cushman 
ascertain precisely when), the Society received as a 
legacy from the late Hon. Henry W. Cushman, of 
Bernardston in this State, the remainder of an edition of 
the Cushman Genealogy prepared by him and published 
at his expense. This bequest was coupled with conditions 
as to arranging and preserving certain memorials, and as 
to indexing, etc., which I think have not been complied 
with ; at least, I have received no definite information on 
that point from the Librarian. These books from time to 
time have been turned into cash, — the amount of the 
fund, by the Treasurer's last report, being 8120.71. 

Next in order, comes the Bradbury Fund. In March, Bradbury 
1876, our late associate John M. Bradbury, of Ipswich, 
bequeathed to us 82,000, in cash, I am informed, and 
twenty-five shares in the corporate stock of the Austin 
City Water Co., in the State of Nevada, of the par value 
of 8500 each, which the Treasurer estimates is now a 
fair valuation of the whole twenty-five shares. This con- 
stitutes the principal of this fund of 82,500, the income of 
which has been applied to the general expense account, 
but whether by the will of the testator or by order of 
the Directors, can only be certainly ascertained by in- 
spection of the original will or of an authentic copy. 

The Sever Fund was founded by Mrs. Anne Elizabeth Sever Fund 


Parsons Sever, widow of the late Coi. James Warren 
Sever, of this city, a former member of our Society. 
She bequeathed to this Society 85,000, for the purchase of 
books, it is said, for our library. This money was paid 
into the treasury, Oct. 8, 1878 ; and the income lias 
been applied according to what is understood to be the 
will of the testatrix. 
Alden Fund. On the 7th of June, 1881, the executor of the last will 
of the late Ebenezer Alden, M.D., of Randolph, in this 
State, enclosed to the Treasurer of this Society a check 
for 81,000, dated June 8, 1881, as a bequest from the 
testator, to constitute " a permanent fund, to be safely 
invested, the income to be expended for the benefit of 
the library, especially in preparing catalogues." This 
bequest was accepted according to its terms ; and the 
principal of the fund remains intact, though the income 
appears to have gone into the general income account, 
instead of being applied to the specific purpose indicated 
by the testator. I presume this was done by authority 
of the Board of Directors, but for what reason I am 
unable to say, — perhaps with the design of ultimately ap- 
propriating it, to the expense of cataloguing, which ex- 
• pense thus far has not been formally distinguished from 
the ordinary incidental expenses of the Society. 
Russell Fund. The Russell Fund was established in 1883, under the 
will of Mary W., wife of Mr. Edward Russell, of Boston. 
The testatrix died March 28, 1875 ; but there being an 
intervening beneficiary for life, our Society did not re- 
ceive the legacy until Aug. 2, 1883, after the termination 
of this life interest, when the husband and executor 
paid into our treasury 83,000, " to constitute," according 
to the terms of the will, " a fund, the income of which 
to be used for the purchase of English county histories 
and genealogies for the library of the Society." This 
fund still remains at 83,000 ; and the income has been 
applied from time to time, in accordance with the will of 
the testatrix. 



The Latham Fund dates from 1884. The executor of Latham 
{],o last will of Williams Latham, late of Bridgewater, in ' U1K ' 
tiiia Stale, in a letter dated May 13 of that year, com- 
municated to the Treasurer- of the Society the information 
that his testator had bequeathed to us $1,000, u to he 
kept as a permanent fund, and the income thereof to he 
applied as said Society may determine ; also my pamph- 
lets, hound and unbound." Some time subsequently 
during the year, this legacy was paid over, and still con- 
tinues of the original amount, and the income has gone 
into the general account. 

The three funds last enumerated, 1 have been enabled 
to describe definitely by the courtesy of the Treasurer, 
who since 1876, when he came into full authority in his 
office, has kept, convenient for reference, the original 
correspondence and other papers relating to the moneys 
that have come to his hands. 

This concludes the list of funds derived from single 
benefactors and immediately possessed by the Society. 
There yet remains another bequest, which is held by 
trustees appointed by the testator, and not by the So- 
ciety : I mean the Kidder Fund, to which I have already Kidder 
referred, which was bequeathed, in trust, for our benefit, ^und. 
to three trustees, by our late associate Mr. Frederic 
Kidder, of Melrose. The principal of this fund consists 
of five shares of the Cabot Manufacturing Company, of 
the par value of 8-500 each ; and though the legal title 
and the exclusive management of the trust resides in the 
trustees, the actual custody of the funds has been con- 
fided to the Treasurer, who attends to the collection of 
the dividends. The fund was established for the pur- 
chasing, for our library, by the trustees, of books upon 
English and American history, biography, and genealogy, 
to be always kept within the library. 

You will have inferred from what I have said that I 
have not gathered all the important facts relating to the 
endowments with which our Society has been favored, 



and that I have had some difficulty, even, in discover!:— 
what I have exhibited here. 
Terms of I need not, therefore, urge upon you the propriety of 

ought to be having the exact language of every instrument under 
which we receive benefactions, whether in trust or other- 
wise, evidenced by transcripts and vouchers duly authen- 
ticated, and methodically and accurately recorded in a 
book or books kept for the purpose ; and that tin's system 
be applied to past as well as future transactions. 

— committee A committee, 1 think, should take this matter in hand, 

for that 

purpose. and complete, by reierence to the proper sources of in- 
formation, the imperfect sketch I have here prepare! ; 
and to such a committee I promise to give all the 
information at my command. This committee's report 
should be printed with our proceedings, so as to in- 
form every member of the Society of the condition of our 

Other funds. There remain three other considerable funds, upon a 
foundation quite different from those I have just de- 

Life-member- scribed. The oldest of these is the Life-membership 

5 ip Fund, of the origin of which I have already given an 

account. This fund now amounts to 811.367.74, and 
the income derived from it last year was 8705. It 
was a wise policy which directed the setting apart of the 
sums paid in commutation of annual dues, and investing 
them for a permanent income. 

Old Building I 11 1870 and 1871, through the exertions of my prede- 
cessor, ably seconded by his friend Mr. George B. Upton, 
and by our late associate the founder of the Towne Memo- 
rial Fund, and others, subscriptions to the amount of nearly 
815,000 were procured for the erection and fitting up 
of this building. This amount, except a trifling balance, 
was expended for the purpose fur which it was sub- 
scribed ; and at the annual meeting of 1872 it was 
resolved to start another subscription, " to establish a 

Librarian fund the income of which to be appropriated to the 
payment of a salary of a librarian, and to such other 



purposes as may be necessary for the efficiency and 
prosperity of the Society." 

Accordingly, the same book in which subscriptions 
had been entered to the Building Fund was used for a 
new subscription, which, I understand, was started with- 
out a heading (that being subsequently written in), but 
with the understanding that it was for the general pur- 
pose declared at the annual meeting. This fund now 
amounts to 812,763.13 ; and the income derived from it —present 


last year, and which was placed to the general expense 

account, was $877.04. Good faith with the contributors — ought 

to this fund requires that it should remain a permanent invested 3 - 

investment ; but the large discretion which the Society - 

enjoys in the emplo} 7 ment of the income justifies our —income 

continuance of the practice hitherto followed of using used, 
it for the general expenses. 

The last fund which I present to your notice is New 

l>uiIdin fT 

the present Building Fund, which now amounts to Fund : ° 
824,930.39. This was procured by subscription from 
numerous contributors, chiefly during the year 1885. I 
have n t been shown the subscription paper ; l but it has 

been generally understood that the purpose of these con- —object of 

? . tiie fuil(1 - 

tributions was to enable this Society to obtain more com- 
modious quarters, either on this site or elsewhere. At first 
the late Board of Directors were inclined to favor the ex- 
tension of our present house, or the purchase of the prop- 

1 Its beading is as follows : — 


Subscription for the 

Enlargement of tiie Society's House, and other Expenses. 

Bostox, May 15, ISS-i. 
The rapid growth of this Society, the great increase in the number of 
its books and historical documents, amounting to nearly twenty thousand 
bound volumes and sixty thousand pamphlets, in all nearly eighty thou- 
sand, imperatively demand the immediate enlargement of our book ac- 
commodation. The proposed enlargement will nearly double its present 
capacity, and will cost, it is estimated, twenty thousand dollars. 

We, the undersigned, therefore agree to pay to the Treasurer of this 
Society, for the said enlargement, the following sums set by us against 
our respective names. 


— doubt 
the present 

— iicome 
how applied. 

erty adjoining on the south ; but after purchasing the 
stables in the rear, at an expense of $3,500, it was deemed 
best not to decide in favor of the present location until 
the effect which the erection of the new Court House 
would have upon our real estate could be ascertained. 

A reference to the halt to which we were thus 'brought 
in the matter of increasing our accommodations was 
made by my predecessor in his posthumous address ; and 
since then no serious determination to enlarge the pres- 
ent building has been evinced by the Directors. This 
money, therefore, remains unemployed for the purpose 
for which it was raised. Seeing that it was drawing a 
very low rate of interest at the bank where it was de- 
posited, I represented to the Directors the propriety of 
investing this fund where it would give us better returns. 
This course, which had been repeatedly recommended by 
the Treasurer before I held this chair, was agreed to by 
the Directors ; and 820,000 of the amount was invested 
by a special committee, in the debenture bonds and 
mortgages of the Showalter Mortgage Co., — 810,000 in 
each, at six and seven per cent, respectively. 

The income from this investment, and from the in- 
vested balance deposited at small interest (which to- 
gether constitute what is known as the Building 
Fund 1 ), has been applied, as 1 stated in my annual 
address, " to the general purposes of the Society under a 
liberal interpretation of the intention of the donors, 
which has been construed to warrant any necessary 
outlay for the better arrangement and preservation of 
our library and cabinets, which are confessedly the only 
purposes for which a new building or the enlargement of 
our present house is required." 

While I should not hesitate to use the income of this 

fund for any legitimate purpose of the Society, I deem it 

particularly applicable to such repairs and alterations of 

our real estate, and to the rent of such premises tempo- 

1 Since known as the Wilder Subscription Building Fund. 



rani? occupied by us under lease, as may be necessary 
f,., r our better accommodation so long as the question as 
to the purchase or erection of a new building or the 
< xtension of this house remains undetermined. Indeed 
it would be perfectly proper to apply any part of the 
principal to either of these objects. Until the expendi- 
ture of all the income from this fund is demanded by 
our necessities, however, I recommend that a certain 
proportion of the income be regularly added to the prin- 
cipal, to keep the original amount of the subscription 
good against possible loss or depreciations in the securi- 
ties, or reduction of the premiums on reinvestment. 

I find that the rule has not been invariably observed Other do- 

.,., , . . , r nations to 

to fund donations received without condition, though 1 be funded : 
have not been able to ascertain the reason for this dis- 
crimination. I have already spoken of several small 
donations received by the Society, to the year 1859. I 
find, since that time, several other donations, either of 
money or of property to be converted into money, of 
more considerable amounts, which appear to have gone 
into the current-expense account. Thus, in 1863, Rev. 
John A. Vinton appears to have given the Society four —Vinton's 

le°acy. i 

hundred volumes which were " not to be sold for two 
years." I have not been able to ascertain the precise 
terms of this donation, nor whether or not the books 
have been sold, or, if sold, what has been done with the 
proceeds, or, indeed, whether the books have or have not 
actually come into our possession. Eight other money —other 
gifts (including one of 6500 and another of 6300, in a legacies, 
total of 61,305.10) appear either in the records of the pro- —total. 
ceedings of the Society, the Directors' records, or in the 
Treasurer's books. All these seem to have gone into 
the general expense account. It may be worth your 
while to consider the propriety of recovering these 
amounts and turning them into a general fund, to be 
kept open for increase by future similar gifts, thus serv- 
ing to perpetuate the names of our benefactors, as well 


as to show the extent of their bounty, and to prevent am- 
mistake as to the amount of our ordinary revenues, to 
which these do not properly belong. 

Our As- a rule, I believe our investments are safe and un- 

usually profitable, — none of them, except our stables in the 
rear of this house, and 83,000 in the bonds of the New Eng- 
land Mortgage Security Co. (which pays five per cent). 

Money on bringing less than six per cent. Of our uninvested money, 

de P osit: 83,982.50 are in four savings-banks, and 80,938.08 are 
on deposit in four national banks. I suppose these 
deposits might be safely invested, so that together with 
the amount invested at five per cent (which could be 

— to be reinvested) the new investments would add about 8500 to 

invested. -, . r , M • i 

our annual income, lhere is, however, no urgent occa- 
sion for acting in this business, which I lay before you 
for your deliberate consideration, and for your action some 
time in the future, recommending that the security of our 
investments be sought, rather than large returns of profit. 
Better The need of increased accommodations for our library 

daT/ons" " aiK ^ our cabinets, and for the general work of the Society, 
required. j s extremely urgent ; but I have no doubt that by a 
thorough sifting of our collection of books, pamphlets, 
Kelie how anc ^ newspapers, we shall be able to exclude much 
obtained tor ma terial which is not pertinent to the objects which we 

the present. ■ L J 

were incorporated to promote, and that, by a judicious 
rearrangement and extension of our shelving, and the 
improvement of our cellar, including the excavating of 
the earth enclosed between the foundations of our L, 
or safe, we shall have ample space for the convenient 
arrangement of our library, and for its accumulations for 
at least five years to come. 
C ost n f I have taken pains to ascertain the probable cost of 

enlarging ^ excavation I have referred to, and the masonry 

the cellar, ' J 

etc - necessary to complete a room in our cellar absolutely 

fire-proof and of the size of our present safe, and I have 
found that it will not exceed 8500. To this another 
8150 should be added for shelving, hanging a fire-proof 


,] or, and gas-fitting, and for building a brick parti- 
r ni-wall so as to exclude the dust and danger of fire 
from the furnace, in a part of the cellar which has 
hitherto been packed with boxes, pamphlets, unbound 
sheets of Bond's Watertown, and other valuable publica- 
tions, which have been literally buried in, and much 
damaged by, dust and ashes. Upon the completion of 
the two rooms thus obtained, we shall have so enlarged 
our accommodations under this roof that we shall no 
longer need to pay the rent of the room in Pemberton 
Square, which we felt forced to hire on a two years' 
lease, as a receptacle for the overflow of our collection of 
miscellaneous books, pamphlets, newspapers, and manu- 
scripts. It has been suggested that perhaps these sub- 
terranean quarters would be too damp for any useful No fear of 
purpose ; but I am satisfied that this fear is entirely 
groundless. The committee charged with the duty of 
removing the deposits in the cellar to the room in Pem- 
berton Square have assured me that the cellar is as dry, 
at all seasons of the year, as any other part of the build- 
ing. Indeed, they found the loose papers which for 

some years had been accumulating on the cellar floor to 
the depth of several inches, as dry at the bottom as at 
the top; and as this rubbish extended overall the sur- 
face of that portion of the cellar which I recommend 
should be parted off from the furnace-room proper, we 
have every reason to believe that no danger need be ap- 
prehended from dampness. By the proposed excavation, 
the present cellar will have an air space beyond its 
western wall instead of a bank of earth as now ; and the 
rear wall of our building, which will be the western wall 
of the new compartment, already extends below the level 
of the proposed excavation, as a bank wall, forming the 
eastern side of our stable. It is therefore a wall above 
ground, and no more liable to cause condensation of 
moisture than either of the walls of our house, which are 
also of brick and rather more exposed to the weather. I 



predict iliat the temperature of this vault or fire-proof 
will be very uniform throughout the year; and since it i., 
on the side of a hill composed of gravel or clayey drift 
through which the water readily percolates to a lower 
level, will be quite as dry as our cellar and the other 
cellars and basements in the neighborhood, which J am 
informed are remarkably free from damp. 
The , . The foundation of the wall of the L, so far as can be 

foundation : 

judged by outward inspection, is excellent — long granite 
stringers, placed lengthwise, supporting the brick work, 
which extends four or five feet beneath the level of the 
yard ; and in the centre of the wall a brick arch, now 
filled in, enables the workmen to pierce the wall with 
safety for the removal of the earth, thus avoiding the 
necessity of wheeling it through the cellar. I have 
caused this part of the foundation to be exposed for your 
■—how ^ inspection, by a trench dug at a right angle to the wall. 


To protect this trench from the wash of the rain, and 

from the snow, which usually is pretty deep at this sea- 

— preparation S011 f (] 1C year, I caused a shed to be built over it, an- 
made. J 

ticipating your approval of this stretch of authority, 

which can do no harm since the structure is not a fixture 
and docs not involve any injury to our building ; and if 
you do not approve of it, it can be removed at my ex- 
pense. I invite you to examine the exposed foundations ; 
and if you concur with me in the desirability of the 
proposed alterations, I would recommend that you take 
steps, as early as possible, to have the work begun while 
contractors are not at their busiest, seeing that this 
work will not be delayed by any condition of weather, 
and could probably be done during the winter for consid- 
— expense erably less than during the warm weather. For this I 

how defrayed. J ° 

recommend the appropriation of $500 out of the princi- 
pal of our Building Fund. 
Committees Since the work of reducing our collection for the li- 
and cabinet: hrary and cabinet involves the necessity of first ascertain- 
ing the number and nature of the books, pamphlets, news- 


, 4'h.t.s, and articles belonging to the cabinets, etc., which 
.,.• actually possess, I would recommend an apportion- 
ment of the labor among several committees. It seems to —to report 
m e proper that a committee should be charged with the newspapers, 
iliitv of reporting' to the Council, lists, in full detail, of etc - an<i , 

uu v J ° ' recommend 

the periodicals and newspapers belonging to the Society, what shall be 
1 . . excluded. 

with a recommendation as to which of them should be 
preserved as part of our library or cabinet, and which 
of them should be excluded ; and what disposition 
should be made of the latter. This work is sufficiently 
onerous for one committee, and therefore I would re- 
commend that another committee have charge, in like Another 
manner, of the subject of bound books and pamphlets on books, 
not published periodically, broadsides, engravings, and etc * 

Upon the report of these committees, respectively, the Council to 
Council can further commit to them the business of report of 
assorting, binding, or otherwise putting together such of committees 
these books, etc., as shall be deemed worthy of preserva- 
tion and as arc in need of such treatment. 

From the reports of these committees, the Council Rules to he 
will be enabled to deduce reasonable and practical rules JoVthe 8 "* 
for the admission and exclusion of books, which will be fulure - 
a permanent guide to the standing committee on the 
Library, if such a committee should be appointed. 

I surmise hat the labor of searching out and bringing The cabinet: 
together the disjecta membra of the cabinet and the 
preparation of a complete list of the donations we have 
received in other things than money and securities will 
give ample employment to one committee. The report — committee, 
of such a committee if exhaustive, as it should be, will 
doubtless prove of the greatest interest, and will lead to 
further action, perhaps, in regard to the donations of 
Messrs. Vinton, Cushman, Bond, and others, — the state 
of which is obscure, both in relation to the terms of the 
gifts, and our compliance therewith, and the action that 
lias been taken by the Society towards putting them 



to profitable use. 1 therefore recommend this further 
division of duty. 

I have thus laid before you, broadly, the condition of 
this Society, making only such recommendations as 
seemed pertinent to the subjects most important to be 
promptly attended to in the general management of its 
affairs, or which I thought it more convenient to make 
on certain subjects while they were before us, than to 
recur to them later. 
Express By the By-Laws certain duties are expressly imposed 

and implied " . ~* ., , ,, 

duties of the upon the Council; whereas others, more numerous and 


equally necessary, are implied in the general authority 
conferred upon the board. 

Appointment By Chap. IV. Art. 2, of the By-Laws we are required to 
oarapTier" appoint, annually, a Historiographer and an Editor of 
Publications. The former of these officers has hereto- 
fore been chosen by the general vote of the Society ; and 
we have been fortunate in having that office ably filled 
by our late lamented associate Rev. Dr. Tarbox. 

The appointment of a worthy successor has been to 
me a subject of no little solicitude ; and feeling sure of 
your approval, I took the liberty to invite our associate 
— Mr. Hill Mr. Hamilton A. Hill to allow me to propose his name 
mended. 1° y ou f° r the vacancy. He was then holding the post 
of Corresponding Secretary, which office he had conducted 
with conspicuous industry and ability ; and I trust his 
accession to this board will not be deemed a circum- 
stance affecting Ids eligibility to a place for which I 
think you will agree with me he is pre-eminently qualified. 
The propriety of filling this vacancy soon must be ap- 
parent to all, and I beg you will not hold me censurable 
for the course 1 have pursued, which I admit was pre- 
sumptuous. While, unless otherwise ordered, the Presi- 
dent is required to nominate all committees, I do not 
understand that he has the like authority with other 
officers. 1 disclaim the idea that my action in this 


matter is a valid precedent, and only defend it on the 
w,.-ore of urgency. I have promised, as a condition of 
his acceptance of this post, that a committee shall he 
appointed to aid Mr. Hill in collecting materials for the 
delicate and comparatively laborious work he has under- 
taken, and which is now considerably in arrears. 

I come now to the second officer to be appointed by Editor of 
you. Iii the report of the committee on revision of the Publications 
Bv-Laws I find the following paragraph, which I commend 
to your special consideration : — 

tions : 

" Your Committee have provided also for the appointment 
of an Editor to take charge of all the publications of the 
Society, in order to secure uniformity of style and method in 
editorship. They have made this office distinct from that of 
the Librarian, in order that the duties of the two may be 
performed by separate persons, in case at any future time it 
should appear that these combined duties are too onerous for 
one person. Under the new Code, however, it is competent 
for one person to bold both offices, although the accounta- 
bility for the two will be distinct and separate, as it should 
be, when the difference in their functions is considered." 

I have given this subject the most earnest and careful —to bo 


consideration, arid I cannot avoid the conclusion that from 
the separation of functions provided for by the commit- A )rarian - 
tec should begin at once. Indeed, so thoroughly am I 
convinced of the wisdom of the policy of starting rights on 
our new career, especially in this particular, that I should 
feel that all hope of keeping up the enthusiasm of reform 
was forever precluded by any other course. 

The consideration which weighs most heavily against Mr. Dean's 
this purpose is the fact that it will be difficult to find a quaHflca- 
successor to the present editor equally well qualified for 
the duties of that office. Thoroughly equipped as lie is 
with an extensive and accurate knowledge of the biblio- 
graphy of the subjects treated of in the Register, and 
familiar as he is with the contents of all the published 
volumes, lie, of all men, it seems to me, is best qualified, 


both in the respects just mentioned and because of his 
long practice (in this very work) in the art of editing, to 
carry on the publication with gratification to himself, 
with -profit to the subscribers, and with credit to the 
Society. Again, no other member of our Society, 
perhaps, has an equally exact and full knowledge of the 
personal history of the members, living and dead, who 
have been or will become the subjects of memorial 
biography in the work which I believe has now 
readied its sixth volume. It was therefore with great 
regret that I learned that Mr. Dean had, after mature 

— liis ]>rcfcr- deliberation, signified his preference for the office of 

ence for the T /" . , - 

Librarian- Librarian, and that the .Nominating Committee had 

sup ' presented his name for that office in accordance with his 

expressed wish. Still, he fully understands the purpose 

of the Society to regulate the library according to a 

— increased system which can only be fully developed after the most 
office this thorough overhauling and minute investigation, which he 
- ear: is aware cannot be accomplished without great manual 

labor, that will require the constant supervision or co- 
operation of the Librarian. He is also aware that prob- 
ably during the current year the Librarian will be more 
exercised with perplexing questions and controversies, and 
. have more to think of and act upon, than in any previous 
year. Notwithstanding this, he has bravely assumed the 
risk, stipulating for no favors, and no abatement of those 
exactions that would be insisted upon in dealing with any 
other man, the most vigorous and enterprising. 

— incompati- We have therefore to consider his employment for the 

bility of the 
two offices. 

next year fully assigned in the office to which he has 
been elected. I am so thoroughly convinced that he 
could not find time to attend to any other duty, while 
faithfully, steadily, and energetically pursuing the duties 
of Librarian, that I could not consent to proceed a step 
further with the work of reform which is expected of us, 
if, through your indulgence, his willingness to continue 
the arduous duties of Editor should be made a pretext 


j r imposing upon him cares and labors beyond his 
.♦ivnirth- He will freely confess to you, doubtless, as lie 
[.; s to me, that his late serious illness was due to over- 
work and anxiety; and I for one should positively refuse 
t i assume the consequences of rendering his situation 
doubly burdensome. On this matter I feel very earnest 
suid decided, for I know that the librarianship for the 
next year is all the burden that he or any other man 
ought to be expected to bear. The march of improve- 
ment must go on, and it must be attended with all the 
inevitable incidents. No excuse on account of other Duties 

• r -i must be 

duties or employments can possibly be accepted for lail- vigorously 

ure to co-operate cheerfully and with alacrity in the work * ,el 
which will all the sooner come to a satisfactory conclu- 
sion, by being harmoniously and vigorously conducted. 

Much, therefore, as I regret Mr. Dean's decision, I 
accept the unwelcome but unavoidable result, tbc ces- 
sation of his editorial labors, with this solace, — that, 
knowing what will be expected of him, I assume he has 
deliberately prepared himself for the encounter, and that 
we shall find him exercising all his executive powers to 
carry out the plans of the Council for promoting the 
usefulness of the library, and for establishing a much- 
needed system for its conduct and growth. 

I therefore recommend that a committee be appointed Committee 

to report the name of a competent person to take the iJ f ^ to r ose 

office of Editor of Publications, who will manage it with- 

out performing any other function in the service of the 


I find that the Editor of the first volume of the Regis- Salary of 
ter received a salary of 81,000, and that in 1857 Mr. n '°°°- 
Drake, then Editor, received 8-500 for his services that 
year. Since the duties of the new office embrace the 
preparation of all our publications, including the Regis- 
ter, I think there should be no diminution of the salary 
originally allowed to the Editor of the Register ; and I 
therefore recommend that you establish for the new 

the Secre 


office a salary of 81,000 pur annum, to be paid regularly 
in equal monthly instalments. 
Librarian's By Chap. X. Art. 4, of our By-Laws, provision 

Assistants '■.*„, . " r . 

is made for the appointment by the Council of one or 
more assistants to the Librarian. I recommend that 
in the selection of these assistants care be taken that 

— should in penmanship they he sufficiently neat and expert to 
penmen; De of assistance to the Secretaries. The Recording 

to assist Secretary's labors are largely increased by the assign- 
ment to him of the duty of recording the doings of the 
Council. His books are models of neatness and accu- 
racy ; and since he cannot be expected to do all the labor 
of recording, for which, however, he will be solely re- 
sponsible, it is proper that at least one person in the paid 
service of the Society should he able to assist him in the 
mechanical part of his work in a. manner satisfactory to 
him and to the Council. This will apply also to the 
Corresponding Secretary. I would suggest, therefore, 

— committee that of the committee appointed by you to select a proper 

assistant, the two Secretaries as well as the Librarian 
be members, to act with as many others (if any) as you 

— the Treas- deem it proper to join. The Treasurer and the Historio- 
toriooTapher" grapher, both having need of more or less clerical assist- 
interested. ance, are also interested in the matter of this selection ; 

and it might be well, perhaps, to leave the matter with 
those five gentlemen, with the understanding that the 
appointment of such a person by the Council upon their 
recommendation does not release them from responsi- 
bility for the proper performance of their duties in their 
respective departments. I have made this recommenda- 
tion not without some misgiving as to the policy of re- 
quiring any other duty of the Assistant Librarian than 
those prescribed in Chap. X. Art. 4, of the By-Laws. 
Another plan I am by no means clear that it would not be the wise 

suggested : . . , «. x-m 

— a general course to appoint, under the provision ot Chap. XllJ. 
clerk to be Art. 8, of the By-Laws, a person with the qualifications 

appointed by . i 

the Council. I have indicated, in which case the appointee could act 


;;! jependently of all direction, except of the Council (or 

.-..■l, officers as the Council should designate), and be 

,, >tricted to such duties as the Council should assign to 

; . i. In such case it is evident that a committee smaller 

and differently constituted might be intrusted with the 

choice of such a person,- — perhaps a standing committee Standing 

on the selection of subordinate officers to be appointed on subordi- 
nate officers. 

Uv the Council. 

This whole matter I submit for your present considera- 
tion, and for your action at some future meeting of the 

By the first article of Chap. XIII. of the By-Laws the Quorum of 

. . tiie Council. 

Council are required, among other things, first, to " deter- 
mine their own quorum ; " second, to u fix all salaries ; " 
third, to " authorize all expenditures of money, drawing 
upon the Treasurer, from time to time, for such sums as 
may be required;" fourth, to " provide all engraved or 
printed blanks, and books of record." 

The first of these directions you have already complied 
with to-day ; and since the Treasurer has some bills 
which are overdue, it may be well to-day to choose a Fj nanco 
committee on accounts, or of Finance, with full authority Committee, 
to approve bills, or report them to the Board, at their 
discretion, so that we may resume payments, which I 
understand have been suspended since the annual mcet- 
mg. As to the fourth requirement of this article, it is 
expedient that we lose no time in complying with it. I 
therefore recommend the appointment, forthwith, of a 
committee on Printing and Stationery, whose duty it Committee 
shall be to provide the articles enumerated in Art. 1, ing and 
Chap. XIII. of the By-Laws according to their discre- Stationer >'- 
tion as to form and style of execution, as also to provide 
all postage-stamps, envelopes, paper, and all other articles 
of stationery used by the Society or any of its officers, 
and, except as otherwise ordered, to make and control 

all contracts for printing the Society's publications and j 

for procuring the materials therefor ; with the power to 


employ such agents and establish such regulations in 
respect to the use of said articles as they may deem pru- 
dent and for the interest of the Society, — said commit- 
tee from time to time making requisition on the Council 
for the money needed for said purposes, and duly ac- 
counting to the Treasurer for the expenditure of the 
same ; and to have the charge and custody of all the 
stationery of the Society, and of all materials purchased 
by them or their order ; also of all engravings on- steel, 
copper, or wood, and all lithographic stones and photo- 
graphic plates or negatives belonging to the Society, — 
of which they shall cause to be made a perfect inventory, 
— and shall also cause them to be properly arranged 
and stored in a convenient receptacle, under lock and 
key, and shall not suffer them to pass out of their cus- 
tody, or the custody of some person or persons specially 
authorized by them or by the Council ; and except in the 
case of stationery to be used for the purposes of the 
Society, shall cause a permit to be duly entered for the 
taking or loan of each article, with name and date, in a 
book to be kept for that purpose, and a written receipt 
.taken for such article and kept on file until the same is 
returned ; said Committee also to have exclusive au- 
thority in relation to the binding of all manuscripts, 
books, pamphlets, and other matter, whether published 
by or belonging to the Society. . 
Record I will add that, seeing the obvious necessity of making 

already seasonable preparation for recording the proceedings of 

ordered. . the Society and the doings of the Council, I took the 
responsibility of requesting the Becording Secretary to 
order new books of record uniform in size with those 
heretofore used, and at the same time gave orders for 
books of similar shape and binding for the Treasurer. 
There are many blank forms to be prepared, and station- 
ery to be procured, which will be required for immediate 
use ; and the adoption of measures to this end ought not 
to be delayed. 



I believe I have now brought to your attention all 
matters of pressing moment, and have asked your action 
, r,on the choice of all officers and agents specially men- 
tioned in our By-Laws. It must not be assumed, I think, 
that the Society has intended to change the methods or Former 
to dispense with the officers and committees heretofore 
employed under the old By-Laws, except in those cases 
wherein such intention is clearly manifest, either in the 

ystem -of 


on — 

report of the committee on the revision of the By-Laws or Committees 

in the Code itself. It will therefore devolve upon us to Publication, 
appoint a committee on Publication, a committee on HeraHry S ' 
Memorials ; a committee on Heraldry ; a standing com- Library, 

~ ° Papers and 

mittee on the Library ; and a committee, on Papers and Essays. 

These committees, in whole or in part, may be pro- Provisional 
posed and their respective functions defined by such for papers 
committee or committees as you shall appoint. With an essays ' 
regard to the last, however, I would recommend that, 
pending their appointment, you make some provisional 
arrangement for negotiating with the gentlemen who 
have been approached, by our late committee on Papers 
and Essays, to entertain and instruct us at future stated 
meetings. I have been informed that several gentlemen 
have been thought of for this purpose, some of whom 
have agreed to address us. One of these, Hon. Henry Essays 
Barnard, as I have learned to-day, has in preparation a offered, 
paper, which cannot fail to be very interesting, on the 
origin and history of the New England Primer. 

Other committees will be needed, I conceive, for carry- 
ing out our work methodically, thoroughly, and expedi- 
tiously. I suggest that a discreet distribution of duties Division of 

labor among 

among several committees would be the best means of committees. 

effecting this work satisfactorily, and at the same time 

would afford us an opportunity for enlisting the services 

of a larger number of our members, and particularly of members 

the younger men, who I am persuaded need only an t( ? be ? m " , 

. . J ployed and 

invitation, to become eventually most active and yalu- encouraged. 



able agents in promoting the growth and increasing the 
usefulness of the Society. 

I would recommend that you appoint the following, 
besides the committees just enumerated and the special 
committees on the Library and Cabinet and the com- 
mittee to assist the Historiographer, which I have also 
proposed : — 


A committee on the Society's House. 

,, ,, Publications. 

,, ,, the Society's Records. 

,, ,, tbe sale and exchange of books, pam- 

phlets, and papers. 

,, ,, the purchase of library furniture and 

the providing of shelves. 

,) ,, to prepare and report to the Council 

rules for tbe use of the Library and 

,, ,, the roll of members and the transfer of 


,, ,, the extension of this house, or the 

erection of a new building. 

,, ,, to extend the circulation of the Reg- 


Finances of 
the Register 
how best 

to increase 
of the 


I embrace this opportunity to comment further on the 
publication of the Register in accordance with the prom- 
ise previously made. It seems to me that the financial 
affairs of this publication should be- managed solely by 
the Committee on Printing and Stationery, and the 

It will, of course, devolve upon that committee to 
revise the present list of subscribers and distributees, 
which, together with the management of the finances of 
all the publications, will be quite enough work for these 
gentlemen to perform. 

A systematic endeavor should be made to increase the 
circulation of the Register ; and this must be effected by 
the ordinary agencies usually employed for this purpose, 
including advertising, and regular, persistent, and ear- 



• i -{ solicitation. It would seem, therefore, desirable that 

, v landing committee be appointed to take charge of this 

business exclusively, and to incur such expense therein 

as the Council may authorize, by appropriation, upon a 

report by this committee of the amount that they may 

deem needful for the purpose. 

The charge of sending out our publications should be One person 
. ' 11111 i , t0 sen( l uut 

intrusted to some one person, who should be required to publications: 

keep exact entries of the names and directions of the 
distributees, and of the kind of publication sent, and of 
the date and manner of delivery. Of this work, which 
is chiefly manual, the Editor should be relieved, so that 
he will have nothing to divert him from his strictly edi- 
torial pursuits. When any publication to be distributed —to pay 
is irregular, and to be paid for by the taker, the distrib- to the S 
uter should keep an exact list of sales, and promptly Treasurer - 
return the money received by him to the Treasurer, or 
to such persons as the Treasurer may designate. 
At the last stated meeting of the Society a special Committee 

... -ii^ , i • n .on Town 

committee was provided lor, to represent this bociety in Records. 
a movement looking to the printing of town records by 
the several towns, the duty of appointing which I think 
devolves upon the Council : I recommend that you act 
upon this matter to-day. 

On the subject of the formation of the committees I 
have enumerated and of defining their several functions, 
I will not now dwell, but I will cheerfully communicate President 
my views thereon, at length, at a future meeting of the explain Ws 
Council, or to any committee that you may choose to )l iews f? 

- j j Council or 

intrust with the duty of considering whether any action a committee. 

thereon is desirable, and, if so, what that action shall 


I have purposely deferred all reference to another very Committee 
important committee which has not hitherto come in the K^jarch^ 
regular order of appointments. I refer to the Committee 
on English Research, under whose auspices Mr. Waters 
has done very valuable service for American genealogy, 

more of our pride and interest in future. I recommend 
that it be continued as it is at present constituted. 

This covers all that I have to offer to-day, and far more 
than I at first intended. I have been led to be more 
full and particular from the conviction, which has grown 
upon me, that some of those of you who, though long 
enough members of this Society, have had but slight 
acquaintance with its interior workings would feel the 
need of all the information I could impart, and would 
not expect me to assume that they were ready to act 
understand ingly on some of the intricate matters which 
I have endeavored to explain to you, without a pretty 
thorough exhibition of our past career, our general aims, 
and the reason for the changes that have been proposed. 

and has thrown new light on the transatlantic origin of 
the peculiar people who have had such a remarkable 
career on this new continent, and to whom the atten- 
tion of the wisest men of the Old World is being directed 
with an interest more profound and general than ever 
— continu- This committee is now fully adopted as a part of the 

ancerecom- „ . 

mended. machinery 01 our bociety, and will, 1 predict, engage 


\^> :/ 




■ ■■•■■ ■■: 






alemctovj? *Urtn*css 




new- england 

Historic Genealogical Society 

22 June, 1S92 






\ I 


Slnitattj) Press : 
John Wilson and Son, Cambridgj 




For the Year 1892. 

ALNER CHENEY GOODELL, Jr., A.M., of Salem, Massachusetts. 

Uice43 residents. 

BENJAMIN APTHORP GOULD, LL.D., of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 

JOSEPH WILLIAMSON, A.M., of Belfast, Maine. 

JOSEPH BURBEEN WALKER, A.M., of Concord, New Hampshire. 

JAMES BARRETT, LL.D., of Rutland, Vermont. 

KLISHA BENJAMIN ANDREWS, D.D., LL.D., of Providence, Rhode Island. 

EDWARD ELBRIDGE SALISBURY, LL.D., of New Haven, Connecticut. 

2£rcortmig JSecrctarg. 

GUSTAVUS ARTHUR HILTON, LL.B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Covrrspontjfnrj Secrttatg. 

HENRY HERBERT EDES, of Boston, Massachusetts. 



BENJAMIN BARSTOW TORREY, of Boston, Massachusetts. 


HENRY WINCHESTER CUNNINGHAM, A.B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 


%\)i Council* 

Ex Officiis. 




Term Expires 1S03. , 

GRENVILLE IIOWLAND N ORG ROSS, LL.B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
HENRY PICKERING WALCOTT, M.D., of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
EZRA HOYT BYINGTON, D.D., of Worcester, Massachusetts. 

Term Expires IS 04. 

WILLIAM CLAFLIN, LL.D., of Newton, Massachusetts. 
JOHN TYLER HAS SAM, A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
HENRY WILLIAMS, A.B., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Term Expires, 1895. 

ANDREW PRESTON PEABODY, DD., LL.D., of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 
HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL, A.M., of Boston, Massachusetts. 
BENJAMIN GREENE SMITH, of Cambridge, Massachusetts. 



HAMILTON ANDREWS HILL, A.M Boston, Massachusetts. 

lEtutor of Publications. 
JOHN WARD DEAN, A.M Medford, Massachusetts. 

22 JUNE, 1S92. 

Benjamin Apthorf Gould, LL.D Vice-Presidcn!. 

G. Arthur Hilton, LL.B Recording Secretary. 

Henry II. Edes Corresponding Secretary. 

Henry W. Cunningham, A.B Librarian. 

Andrew P. Peabody, D.D., LL.D. \ 
Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M. 
Benjamin G. Smith 
Henry Williams, A.B. 
Grenville H. Norcross, LL.B. 
Henry Pickering Walcott, M.D.y 


Mr. Hamilton Andrews Hill retired also from the office of Historiog- 
rapher on the first of July, following. 





It will doubtless meet your expectations as well as 
accord with the wishes of the Council, if, on behalf of 
the retiring administration, I improve this occasion to 
briefly render an account of our stewardship. 

The system of management of the affairs of our By-Laws 
Society which went into operation on the second day of [he^resent^ 

January, 1889, was so generally believed to be an im 
provement upon the previous system that it was adopted mously ap- 
without dissent. By a provision of the old By-Laws, or 
Constitution, as some of those rules were called, all who 
had served seven years on the Board of Directors Permanen- 
became ij>so facto Directors for life. This provision was ofd Board of 
found by experience to be objectionable in two respects ; Directors 
first, in that it constantly diminished the relative infra- old By-Laws 
ence of newly-elected directors ; and second, in that it able. 
kept the control of the administration in the hands of 
persons whose active interest in the Society declined 
with increasing years. Hence, practically, under that 
system it was found on the one hand that the relations 
between the main body of the Society and those who 
administered its affairs were growing more distant, inso- 
much that reform was almost hopeless, and on the other 
hand, by the easy sufferance of the Board of Directors 
the whole management had drifted into a few hands so 


The rule 
changed by 
the new 

of the Coun- 
cil changed 
every year. 

reports of 
the Council. 

lays before 
the new ad- 
a statement 
of its finan- 
ces, and of 
the needs of 
the library. 

Difficulty of 
getting at 
the facts. 

Further in- 
into the do- 
nations re- 

of the 
Address to 
the Council 
on 14 Janu- 
ary, 1889, 
postponed : 

burdened with routine duties as to be unwilling or 
unable to undertake any considerable work of improve- 
ment. * 

As soon as the new By-Laws took effect, all this was 
changed. Of the ifteen Councillors which constitute the 
government as now organized, nine go out of office every 
year unless re-elected, three more go out the next year, 
and the rest at the end of the third year. Thus the 
Society has the power at any Annual Meeting by a change 
of administration to redress any grievance or institute 
any reform, while enough Councillors hold over each 
year to continue the traditions of the Board, to prevent 
the interruption or failure of unfinished business, and to 
protect the Society from the unjust demands of out- 
siders with whom we may have had dealings. 

The doings of the Council have been reported to you 
annually, and hence what I shall now offer in retrospec- 
tion will be but a recapitulation of former statements. 

At the outset of the new departure, I felt it my duty, 
in an Address to the Council, to lay before them a State- 
ment of the condition of the Society respecting its finances 
and the condition of its library and library accommoda- 
tions as well as its future work, with the view of eliciting 
the opinion of the Board in regard to the best course to 
pursue. The imperfect condition of the records greatly 
increased the labor of preparing this statement, and not- 
withstanding my search for information outside of the 
records was pressed as far as it could be without indeli- 
cacy, I found it impossible in the time at my command to 
give a complete account of the Donations received by the 
Society. I therefore recommended that the investigation 
be still further prosecuted by a proper committee. This, 
however, was never done, and hence the printing of 
this statement (which I had requested might be deferred 
until after its details could be verified by comparison 
with the Committee's report) was not attempted until 

As a copy of this Statement, under the title of " Presi- —printed in 
dent's Address to the Council," is in the hands of every L dy ' 
member of the Society, I will not extract from /it here 
more than a single passage, which I may he pardoned 
for quoting, since it explains the reason for the policy 
we have adopted of conferring upon Committees a large 
share of the regular work of the Society. On page 33 
you will find the following : — 

" I suggest that a discreet distribution of duties among Distribu- 

several committees would be the best means of effecting this T '"!- 

° duties re- 

work satisfactorily, and at the same time would afford us an commended 

., „ v ,. ,, . « i , o therein. 

opportunity ior enlisting the services ot a larger number ot 

our members, particularly of the younger men, who I am 

persuaded need only an invitation to become eventually most 

active and valuable agents in promoting the growth and 

increasing the usefulness of the Society." 

It was my good fortune to have all my suggestions to Harmony 

the Council cordially approved, and the work I proposed PreJuent '° 

promptly begun. In accordance with my recommenda- f i, n<1 tho 

tion to the last Board of Directors, some progress had President's 


already been made in clearing out the cellar of the dations ap- 
Society's House, which had long been the receptacle of a r^ard to 
vast accumulation of books, pamphlets, and newspapers. ^""3 Jjj® 
The greater portion of these was in boxes, piled from Society's 

House : 

floor to ceiling. No account of the contents of these 
packages had been preserved, but presumably they em- 
braced, much that was valuable. The stacks being 
separated by narrow passages and standing on waste 
paper and other inflammable rubbish, which littered the 
whole floor nearly to the furnace, consent to have this 
accumulation removed and examined was finally obtained, . 
in view of the imminent danger from fire which could 
only be avoided by such a change. 

The new administration were not unwilling to listen —to provide 

room for the 

to a proposal to find within the Society's House the library with- 
accommodation for the library which their predecessors n 0U se. 



had been looking for in a contemplated extension in the 
rear or by the purchase of an adjoining estate. Before 
deciding on any plan, however, it was thought best to 
know approximately what further accommodation was 
Preliminary needed. This could only be done by making an invent- 
question as ory f a ]| our literary collections, from which to cull 

to need of J J 

furtherroom what were undoubtedly worth preserving, and thus to 

taking a ascertain what proportion, if any, should be eliminated 

veSorrof 1 " as not germane to the purposes of the Society. This 

the Society's wor fc was most faithfully and thoroughly accomplished, 

and I have heard of no adverse criticism on it, save 

the suggestion that as every piece of paper not a mere 

mmpMets waste fragment was duly catalogued, more expense 

and papers nac ] ocen incurred than was necessary. But since the 


catalogued, total outlay for this work, continued through more than 

twenty months, was comparatively small, and since the 
catalogues will forever conclusively remove all doubt 
as to the wisdom of parting with the literature dis- 
posed of, I am sure the expense will never be grudged, 
especially as there was no further payment on account 
of managing the library, — the Library Committee, which 
serves gratuitously, having had charge of the library 
during the whole time. 
Useless In deciding where to draw the line of exclusion of 

eliminated, useless literature, most of the material was so obviously 
unsuitable for the Society's use that there were but tw o 
questions particularly embarrassing ; one concerning the 
newspapers and the other the periodicals. Of the 
former, our collection embraced 1414 different titles, 
comprising 186 bound and 683 unbound series, more or 
less complete. The project of perfecting these hies 
Impractica- could not be entertained for a moment. The cost of 
keeping collecting and binding would exceed our whole income, 
files of anc i if completed, the 1414 sets could not be stored in 


our building without excluding everything else. It was, 
therefore, deemed best to retain past and present files 
of but two current daily nowspa}>ers besides the files of 



papers the publication of which began before the year 
1800. At the same time a plan was adopted of preserv- 
ing for ready reference, by cutting out, pasting in 
scrap-books and indexing, all biographies and obituary 
notices, historical articles and publications of mar- 
riages and deaths, in one at least of the current 

Of the periodical pamphlets, there were but two con- North Am- 
cerning the exclusion of which there was any hesitation, view^nd 

These were the "North American Review " and the " Chris- Christian 


tian Examiner." Both sets were incomplete and had the only 

serials ex- 
been rarely referred to. Indeed, the latter, which was eluded. The 

the gift of our honored associate, Mr. William B. Trask, sc^hicom- 

had never been unpacked. The committee charged with {Jo^s bulky 

the sale aud exchange of books, therefore, seeing that the ari(] , can be 

D ' ° replaced at 

"Review" comprised over four hundred numbers, and the any time, if . 
" Examiner " between eighty and ninety volumes, decided 
that the shelf-room occupied by them was more valuable 
to us than the books, and so both of the sets were dis- 
posed of. The "Examiner," after having been completed, 
was eventually returned to the donor, and the " Review" 
was sold at a price at which — or a little more probably — 
it can be replaced by another set, if desired. In dis- 
posing of all other literature, a liberal course was 
pursued, the aim being to place it gratuitously where it 
would be useful in completing imperfect sets in other 
libraries, especially those most easily accessible to the 
members of the Society, or to exchange it for books 
useful to us. 

When our collections had been thus sifted, there ap- Result of 
peared no necessity of enlarging our Building for some books 3 : room 
years at least, provided the walls could be so strength- ?. noi ?.? n for 

" ' i o the library 

ened as to bear the weight of a library upon the upper in our pre- 

a r- i • . i , . -, sent build - 

iioor. Upon consulting with expert architects and en- ing. Walls 
gineers it appeared that the strengthening of the north- e & a 
ern wall was desirable, whether the upper hall were to 
be used as a library or only, as heretofore, for the meet- 


Library nigs of the Society. Accordingly that work was ordered 

removed to 

third floor, and completed, lour strong buttresses supporting iron 
beams to take the ends of floor joists running through 
the building were erected on independent foundations 
and securely tied to the walls. The gallery supports 
were also strengthened. During the progress of this 
work, the plan of removing the library to the upper 
hall was developed, approved by the Council, and soon 
afterward completed. The objection of possible want of 
light and ventilation had already been met by the build- 
ing of the new skylight which replaced the insufficient 
opening in the roof that had been so long a source of 
trouble and expense from its imperfect construction and 
leaky condition. 

Plan for ^ p ] an f or fitting up the old library room on the 

fitting the l & 1 j 

second floor second floor conveniently for the meetings of the Society 
ings. Why had long been discussed, and estimates of the cost had 
wasnoTcar- Deen obtained; but owing to the causes which even tu- 
ned out. ally compelled the resignation of a majority of the 
Council, that work has not been prosecuted. The shelf- 
room of this lower hall, however, was estimated to be 
sufficient to relieve the library proper of all books only 
occasionally referred to, and thus to make room for such 
accessions as the library would ordinarily receive during 
the next ten years. 

Small ex- j close this brief sketch by the statement, which can- 

pen so 01 the J ' 

changes. no fc f a Q to interest you, that the expense of all these 
changes, including the cataloguing of books, pamphlets, 
and newspapers, which has been deemed properly charge- 
able to the Building Fund (since this work is necessarily 
incident to the particular object for which that fund was 
raised), has reduced the principal only $3,924.01, — 
leaving unexpended the sum of 821,006.38. 
The Build- The Building Fund, as transmitted to the present 
Showalter administration by the former Board of Directors, was 
Investment. clliefly i nvcs t e d in the securities of the Showalter Invest- 
ment Company. The unfortunate failure of that com- 



Jan. 1887. Jan. 1802. 

Towne Memorial Fund .... $3,963.28 .... $5,417.47 

Barstow Fund 988. G2 .... 1,200.00 

Life Membership Fund .... 11,217.74 .... 12,717.74 

Bond Fund 859.46 .... 1,078.47 

Of the first of these Funds it is only fair to remark, 
however, that the increase is due to accumulation of 
income during a suspension of the publication of our 
Memorial Biographies. This was the result of an effort 
to restore the principal of the Fund, which had been 
improvidently encroached upon before it came under our 
management. Of the last, or Bond, Fund it is equally 
fair to add that it has been virtually many times multi- 
plied by the recovery of the pages believed to have been 
lost. The Society is thus enabled to offer for sale the 
entire edition completed, which at the current price 
should bring not less than 610,000. 

This increase of the Funds just enumerated will be 
made more obvious by a statement of the total amount 

nany to make good its promises is known to you all, and Present 

* £ t rt t us of 

therefore I am sure you will be pleased to learn that, of ourinvest- 
the 610,000 in mortgages negotiated to us but not guar- Company!' 1 
antced by the Company, 85,960 have already been recov- 
ered in actual cash, and $900 more is sure to be paid to 
us next September. We have also obtained a perfect 
title to land mortgaged to us for 6165, and have begun 
to foreclose two other mortgages amounting to 61,825. 
The only loss on these securities, actually ascertained 
thus far, besides the unpaid interest, is 6150, caused by 
selling for 61,200 cash a mortgage of the nominal value 
of 61,600, and paying 850 more as commission for the 
transaction. This certainly is not discouraging. 

All our other Funds have steadily increased under the All other 
management of the Council. The respective amounts increased. 6 
of these Funds as they stood when I was first called to 
this Chair, and as they footed up at the end of the last 
fiscal year, are as follows : — 


'olal cain. 

Total in- 

Gain since 

Average an- 
nual in- 
crease of 
our funds ; 
rate during 
the last five 

Legacies re- 
ceived by 
the Society 
during our 

Rolls of 

completed ; 
an arduous 
work ac- 
with great 
pains. The 
need of an 
accurate list 
of numbers. 

of gain, which is $3,384.58; all but about 8050 of which 
has accrued since the organization of the Council. It is 
also a cause of congratulation that at present the amouui 
of all our Funds is §77,641.37 as against 808,807.50, the 
amount shown by the General Balance-sheet of Decem- 
ber 31, 1888, immediately before the present administra- 
tion came into power. This gain of 88,773.87, it should 
be remembered, is over and above the sum expended upon 
the Society's House and library. From the foundation of 
the Society to the decease of President Wilder, the average 
annual increase of our funds was 82,580.20. It is there- 
fore a circumstance which should cause no regret, either 
on the part of the retiring administration or of the 
members of the Society, that under the new regime the 
average has grown to 83,142.80, which is 18 per cent 
more than the previous rate. 

The legacies, which during the last three and a half 
years have either reached the treasury or become certain 
by the final probate of the will of the testator, amount to 
811,000. This is exclusive of the legacy of 810,000 from 
the late Mrs. William Sumner Appleton. 

There is another subject, the presentation of which 
1 have reserved for the close of the summary of the 
doings of the retiring administration. I refer to the 
actual and fitting conclusion of their labors, — the prepa- 
ration and publication of the Rolls of Membership. In 
the preface of this admirable work you will find a his- 
tory of the undertaking and some account of the difficul- 
ties which the Committee on the Rolls encountered in 
their task. I feel it my duty, in justice to the Council 
and in gratitude to those who have had the work in 
charge, to impress upon you my own conviction that had 
it been postponed and left to other hands, the Society 
might never have been able to identify many of its mem- 
bers. But now, through the indefatigable industry of 
Messrs. George Kuhn Clarke, Henry Herbert Edes, and 
Francis Henry Brown, we have printed Rolls of Mem- 


rs and Officers, if not perfect, as nearly so, I believe, 
. .-; it is practicable to make them; and in method of 
arrangement and of reference and style of execution they 
present a model of excellence. 

My task is accomplished. It is not for me to advise Conclusion. 
:.< to the future, further than I have done in former com- 
munications to the Society and to the Council. For my 
associates as well as for myself, however, I cannot with- 
hold an expression of good wishes to all the gentlemen 
with whom we have been associated, and of an ardent 
hope that the objects for the promotion of which our 
Society was founded may be steadfastly pursued through 
all changes and vicissitudes, as the guiding star of our 
endeavor. And further, I cannot resist the impulse to 
adopt as a reflection which may conduce to the realiza- 
tion of this hope, and as the final sentence of this fare- 
well address, the never inapposite words of Solomon, in 
his eulogy of wisdom : " Her ways are ways of pleasant- 
ness, and all her paths arc peace." 


I>LLIYFR1.1> lit FORE TilE 

New-England Historic GenealogiGal So( 



APRIL 19, 1895, 





Kew-Enalnncl Historic GenealoniGiil Socleti 

APRIL 19, 1895, 





and CURTIS GUILD, Esq., and a poem by OLIVER B. STEBBINS, Esq. 




At the stated meeting of the New-England Historic Genoa- 
logical Society, held on 6 December, 1893, on motion of Oliver 
Bliss Stebbins, Esq., it was 

Voted: That the Council of the Society be requested to 
consider the expediency of, and. if deemed desirable, to propose 
to the Society, some plan for the celebration of the Society's 
jubilee, or fiftieth anniversary, which occurs sometime in the 
ensuing year. 

The Council deemed it prudent to await the completion of 
the extension of the Society's building, 18 Somerset street, for 
which plans were already in preparation ; but, that the propo- 
sition might not slumber, the Council, at its session on '1 April, 
1804, on motion of John Ward Dean, A.M., 

Voted : That the Treasurer, David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., 
and the Secretary be a committee to consider the question of 
celebrating the fiftieth anniversary of the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society. 

At the session of the Council held on 31 December, 1801, 
this committee made a verbal report, when the Council added 
Messrs. Charles Carleton Collin, A.M., and Capt. Albert Alonzo 
Folsom to the committee. 

At the session of the Council in February, 1805, this com- 
mittee reported : 

That the Society celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of its 
incorporation, 18 March, 1S45, by an oration at the Old South 
Meeting House in Boston, on 10 April, 1805. 

That the lion. Charles Carleton Collin, A.M., be invited to 
deliver the oration. 


That the Society appoint a committee, with full powers, to 
complete the arrangements, including invitations to the Governor 
of the Commonwealth and leading citizens, a dinner, and such 
other exercises as the committee may deem expedient. 

This report the Council by unanimous vote accepted and 

This action being' reported to the Society, at its stated meet- 
ing, 6 February, 1805, it was accepted, and it was 

Voted: To adopt the recommendation of the Council regard- 
ing the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Society's 
incorporation, except as to date, which is left to 'the determina- 
tion of the committee. 

Voted: That the Hon. Charles Carleton Coffin, A.M., be 
invited to deliver the oration. 

Voted: That a committee of five be appointed, by the chair, 
to determine the day for the celebration, and to complete all 
necessary arrangements, with such other exercises as they may 
deem expedient. 

The chair appointed as this committee Capt. Albert Alonzo 
Folsoin, Clta'tDiian ; Hon. Thomas Weston, A.M., Benjamin 
Barstow Torrey, Esq., Oliver Bliss Stebbins, Esq., Myles 
Standish, A.M., M.D. 

The committee duly organized, completed its arrangements 
for commemorative exercises in accordance with the vote of the 
Council, and issued the following announcement: | 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 

Boston, March 25, 1805. 


You are cordially invited to attend the Fiftieth Anniversary 
of the formation of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, to be held at the Old South Meeting House (Wash- 
ington street) on the 19th day of April, at ten o'clock. 

Hon. Charles Carleton Coffin will give an address. Brief 
speeches may be expected by representatives of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, the Bostonian Society, the American 
Antiquarian Society, the Pilgrim Society of Plymouth, and 


fiftieth axxiversaiiy oration. 5 

It is very desirable that all the resident members of the 
Society should be present upon this interesting anniversary. 

The Committee of Arrangements hope to have the pleasure 
of seeing you upon that occasion. 

Albert A. Folsom, 
Thomas Westox, 
Bexjamin B. Torrey, 
Oliver B. Stebdins, 
Myles Staxdish, M.D., 

The exercises in observance of this Commemoration were 
held in the Old South Meeting House, Boston, on the morning 
of Friday, 19 April, 1895, the Hon. William Claflin, Ex- 
Governor of Massachusetts and President of the Society, occu- 
pying the chair. On the platform with the President were 
seated the Rev. Alonzo Ames Miner, D.D., Chaplain of the day; 
the Hon. Charles Carleton Collin, A.M., the Orator of the occa- 
sion ; Oliver Bliss Stebbins, Esq., the Poet of the observances; 
Curtis Guild, Esq., President of the Bostonian Society; the Hon. 
George Frisbie Hoar, LL.D., Senator of the United States: 
Capt. Albert Alonzo Folsom, Chairman of the Committee of 
Arrangements, and the Recording Secretary of the Societv. 
In the large audience were' man}' gentlemen and ladies dis- 
tinguished as citizens in the fields of literature, art, politics, 
and religion. 

The President in opening the exercises briefly rehearsed the 
work of the Society thus far in its career. 

The Rev. ' Alonzo Ames Miner, D.D., invoked the divine 
blessing. The Hon. Charles Carleton Coffin, A.M., delivered 
the oration, and Oliver Bliss Stebbins, Esq., read a poem. 

The Hon. George Frisbie Hoar presented the salutations of 
the American Antiquarian Society, in the absence of the Hon. 
Stephen Salisbury, its President; and Curtis Guild, Esq., Presi- 
dent of the Bostonian Societv, tendered the congratulations 
of that Society. 

Letters were read from Charles Francis Adams, Esq., Presi- 
dent of the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Rev. Lucius 


Robinson Paige, D.I), (now in his ninety-fourth year), the oldest 
member of the Society, and others, regretting their unavoidable 

At their conclusion, the President closed the meeting with 
an expression of congratulation on its success. 

It was noteworthy that the speakers were all resident 
members of the Society. 


Recording Secretary. 





coming generations. 

It seemed to the Council especially fitting and proper to hold 
its semi-centennial anniversary on this day, so sacred in the 
annals of American history. It is the purpose of the Society 
to keep alive the memory of the events which led to the 

Gentlemen of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society : 

This Society was founded by men who felt a deep interest in 
history and genealogy, especially the history and genealogy of 
New England, which they thought should he preserved for 
public use now, and for all coming time. The Society began with 
small resources, and its members were few ; but they persevered 
in the work, conscious that the object was most worthy, and 
that, in time, the public would rally to its support. The labor 
has been arduous, and those who have long toiled in this labor 
-have not sought pecuniary reward. They have performed their 
duty faithfully, as they loved the work. Most valuable scrviecs 
have been rendered by the various committees from year to 
year. They deserve and they receive the grateful thanks of 
the members who use the library in the Society's house or at 
their homes. 

By slow degrees the Society's funds have increased, enabling 
it to secure a valuable and convenient location. More room was 
needed for the storage of books and for its public meetings, 
and to meet this end an addition was made the past year, afford- 
ing facilities for both purposes for many years to come. The 
Council would have been glad to have covered all the estate, 
when making the change, if its funds would have justified the 

I congratulate the Society upon the results of its labors. It 
can look with confidence to the future. Its work will con- 
stantly enlarge, and it is hoped thai its members and friends 
will increase in proportion, enabling it to meet the demands of 


cS N. E. historic genealogical society. 

independence of the country. The attempt of the king's forces 
to seize the stores gathered by the patriots at Concord, out: 
hundred and twenty years ago, was a turning-point in the ioiej 
contest with the king for supremacy. Up to this time there was 
great doubt in the minds of the patriot leaders whether or noi 
the people would resist, by force of arms, the British troops, 
should the}' attempt to destroy the ammunition and other war- 
like material in various places. The light at Lexington and 
Concord settled that question then and there forever. 

" Here once the embattled farmers stood 
And fired the shot heard round the world." 

We cannot do too much towards keeping alive the memory 
of those men who gave themselves and all they held dear for 
the freedom of the country. 

It is my privilege and pleasure to present to you the Hon. 
Charles Cableton Coffin, as the orator of the day. 



By the Hon. Charles Caeleton Coeein. 



On the evening of Nov. 1, 1844, live gentlemen of this city 
organized themselves into a society for historical and genea- 
logical research. The following spring they received an act of 
incorporation from the Commonwealth. On this Patriots' Day 
we commemorate that event. 

The Society had small beginnings. The collection of material 
during the year 1845 consisted of 'twenty-four bound volumes, 
ten manuscripts, six plans, one old lease, four bound volumes of 
the "Independent Chronicle" newspaper, 1804-1811, one hun- 
dred and eighty-five pamphlets, and a wheelbarrow load of the 
sermons preached by the Rev. Dr. Joseph Eckley, pastor of 
the Old South Church. During the year thirty-seven gentle- 
men were enrolled as members. 

The gentlemen who laid the foundations of this institution 
were animated by a lofty ideal. No pecuniary gain was to come 
to them. They could not hope to receive the applause of the 
multitude. Whatever effort they might make would be for 
others' benefit. Time and money given would be for those who 
might come after them. Their successors have been men of like 
character. From such small beginning the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society has become the foremost of its 
kind in the Republic. It was founded with a noble purpose 
to make it in the highest sense a beneficent institution. Like 
the gospel of the New Testament, it was to bestow its blessings 
without money and without price. Its doors are wide open to 
all. The volumes upon its shelves are free to every one. Be- 
fore the establishment of the present magnificent Public Library 
of this city, the library of this Society was open to the public 
in the spirit of Him who, eighteen centuries ago, said, "I am 
among you as one that serveth." 

It has no endowment from commonwealth or city, no 
revenue from shareholders. It is sustained by individuals who 
annually contribute their moiety through their appreciation 


of the value of such an institution to the public, and by funds 
established by those who gave liberally while living, or re- 
membered it in their last wills and testaments. Two gentle- 
men have in that manner rendered great and conspicuous 
service: Marshall Pinckney Wilder, for many years our presi- 
dent, and William Blanchard Towne, for a long time our 
treasurer, through whose efforts liberal sums were obtained 
by subscription. During the last quarter of a century 845,125 
have been given for a building fund, and $14,075 for the 
support of the librarian. In addition Mr. Wilder, a short time 
before his death, secured a subscription of 825,400. The entire 
amount received Ivy subscription has been between 880,000 and 
890,000. This, together with the annual fees of members, 
constitute the chief, resources of the Society. With such slender 
means, with gifts of volumes and documents from individuals, 
the Society has made its library a valuable and attractive in- 
stitution, not only to the people of this Commonwealth, hut 
to the entire country. Pilgrims from all sections of the Union 
enter its doors, sit at its tables, and consult its volumes, to 
obtain information from its archives enriched with historic and 
genealogic lore, not to be found in any oilier institution in this 
Wester]i Hemisphere. 

The Society has been signally fortunate in being the recipient 
of the letters and papers of Gen. Henry Knox, given by his 
grandson, the late Rear Admiral Henry Knox Thatcher, who, 
during the later years of his life, took great interest in promoting 
the welfare of the Society. 

Among the documents are letters written by Washington, 
Lafayette, Greene, Lincoln, Wayne, Steuben, Rufus King, and 
the officers of Rochambeau's army. The manuscripts number 
between 11,000 ami 12,000, filling fifty-five massive folio vol- 
umes of priceless value. 

The bound volumes of the library number between 20,000 
and 30,000. No exact enumeration of the pamphlets of the 
Society has been made, but a conservative estimate will place 
them as exceeding 50,000. The Society is also in possession of 
a valuable collection of other manuscripts. 

The meagre funds at the disposal of the Society are utterly 
inadequate to enable the librarian to exhibit the great value of 



t lie historical treasures. It is to be Loped that ways and means 
will ere long he found to place the lore of the Society within 
reach of the public, that large-hearted men of ample fortune 
will give of their abundance to that end. 

All but one of the nearly four hundred historical societies in 
this country have been formed during this century. The Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society was organized in the year 1791, fol- 
lowed by that of New York, in 1804; Maine, in 1822; New 
Hampshire, in 1823. It was in keeping with the genius of the 
period that the men who made history during the Revolution, 
who laid the foundation of government, and brought about a 
new era in human affairs, should desire to preserve the records 
of what had been aeeomplished. The formation of historical 
societies was a natural sequence to' the founding of the Republic. 

This Society was the first to collect and publish information 
relating to the founding of American families. Individuals had 
traced their descent from English ancestors during preceding 
decades, but not till the founding of this Society had there been 
any organized means for genealogical research. Indeed, there 
had been no great desire on the part of the people of this 
country to trace their connection with English ancestors. They 
had not wholly forgotten the bitterness of the struo-cde for in- 

./ O DO 

dependence, nor the later conlliet between the two countries. 
In my boyhood the one common enemy was the hated tb red-coat," 

the "lobster" of the days of the Revolution. The thistles by 

. ... J 

the woodside waving their red tasselled plumes, wit!) their prick- 
ing bavonets, were regarded as lit representatives of the odious 
British, and we young American boys, with patriotic ardor 
remembering what our grandfathers accomplished at Bunker 
Hill and Bennington, with sticks or wooden swords charged 
upon the enemy and mowed down the bristling ranks. 

Daring the early years of the century there was little pride 
of ancestry in the American people. As a nation we wore an- 
imated by a patriotic provincialism which almost spurned an 
alliance with our transatlantic ancestry. By establishing a 
government of the people we had inaugurated a new era in 
political affairs, and were justly proud of what had been accom- 
plished. The influence of the Republic of the Western Hemi- 
sphere had made itself felt among the nations of the Old World, 


notably in the French Revolution. The American citizen re- 
joiced in his political and individual independence. He spurn cm] 
monarchy, primogeniture, and entail as repugnant to republican 
ideas. Mediaeval ideas had been cast aside, as antagonistic to 
the rights and needs of a citizen of the Republic. Why, then, 
should he concern himself about an ancestry crumbling to dust 
in foreign churchyards? 

During the last half of the century this intense individualism 
and narrow provincialism has given place to nobler ideals. To- 
day we revere, not only those who one hundred and twenty 
years ago on this 19th of April, on Lexington Common and at 
Concord Bridge, inaugurated a neAv departure in political gov- 
ernments by their resistance to tyranny, but we also honor our 
liberty -loving English ancestors who stood with Cromwell at 
Edgehill and Marston Moor, and those sturdy barons who 
compelled King John to sign his name to Magna Charta at 
Runnymede. We have cast aside the prejudices of former years 
and risen to serener heights. In these days we esteem it an 
honor to claim an alliance by lineage and language with the 
English-speaking race wherever found — a race which stands 
foremost in an advancing civilization. We rejoice that we are 
kin to a nation which has produced Chaucer, Shakespeare, 
Milton, Bacon, Newton, Scott, Burns, Dickens, George Eliot, 
and Gladstone. 

The century has, in like manner, witnessed a marvellous 
change of opinion in Great Britain in relation to this Republic. 
Until that summer morning in 1 812, when the frigate " Consti- 
tution" sent the " Guerriere " to the bottom of the sea, the 
British regarded the "Yankee" with contempt; but the con- 
tempt was succeeded by astonishment as one after another of 
England's frigates lowered its flao- to the Stars and Stripes. 
The astonishment has been changed to respect in these later 
years. A few years before the organization of this Society, 
Sidney Smith could sneering!} 7 ask, w% Who reads an American 
book?" To-day, in ever)' hamlet of England you may purchase 
at a wayside stall volumes of Emerson, Hawthorne, Longfellow, 
Whittier, Holmes, Lowell, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The 
Englishman in the closing decade of the century regards it as 
an honor to be related by kin with a people that has produced 


a Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, 
and Sheridan. Since 1865 John Bull has recognized Jonathan 
not only as a relative by kinship, but as a brother worthy of 
honor and respect. To-day there is mutual regard and hearty 
hospitality on both sides of the Atlantic. 

With this growth of respect there has come a desire on the 
part' of man)- people in this country to connect themselves 
with their ancestry in England. Since the organization of this 
Society there has been a marked development of what may 
be termed the historic sentiment, manifest by the formation 
of historical societies, and notably by the publication of 
State, town, and family histories. Nearly every State of the 
Union lias its State society. In this city of Boston the historic 
sentiment has erected tablets upon the burial-grounds of the 
Colonial period, and has been active in the preservation of the 
public buildings of that period — ■ Fan euil Hall, the Old State 
House, and this edifice, the latter largely through the munifi- 
cence and patriotism of Mary Hemenway of blessed memory. 
The writer of the Apocalypse in his ecstatic apotheosis of the 
righteous dead exclaimed, " Blessed are the dead who die in 
the Lord, for their works do follow them." Mary Hemenway 
has entered upon the larger lite, but her works are following 
her, in the Old South historical lectureship repeated in Chicago, 
Philadelphia, and Brooklyn. Through her patriotic and his- 
toric sentiment we are assembled here to-day in this building, 
dedicated evermore to human freedom. 

The growth of this historic sentiment is manifest also in the 
interest awakened throughout the country in the historic locali- 
ties already named. Last summer witnessed the coining of a 
band of pilgrims from far distant States, to receive new inspira- 
tion by standing where Samuel Adams had stood in this edifice ; 
to lino-er in Faneuil Hall, beholding the portraits of those who 
have done great things for their fellow-men ; to gaze upon the 
memorials in the Old State House ; to climb Bunker Hill, and 
hear the story of what took place there on a summer day in 
1775; to visit Lexington common, where, on this April morn, 
one hundred and twenty years ago, the minute-men dared to 
confront the red-coats, and Concord, where the men of Acton, 
with their hair powdered by Hannah Davis, that they might 


meet the British as gentlemen, marched down the hill with the 
men from Sudbury and Concord, keeping step to Luther Ulanch- 
ard's fifing of the " White Cockade," and beneath the elms of 
North Bridge fired the volley whose vibration has sent kinglv 
thrones toppling to the ground. One hundred and twenty years 
ago this morning Lord Percy's troops marched towards Lexing- 
ton to the tune of " Yankee Doodle " played in derision of the 
minute-men; to-day all the nations of Europe are marking time 
to that melody. Need we wonder, then, that men and women, ani- 
mated by a lofty patriotism, become pilgrims to these historic 
scenes? The coming summer will behold an army fifty thou- 
sand strong thronging our streets, gathering within these walls, 
ascending Bunker Hill, visiting Lexington and Concord. The 
historic sentiment in its essence must be patriotic, and the 
patriotic ever becomes historic. Because our fathers loved 
liberty above all things'else, we have Lexington and Concord, and 
this venerable edifice, with its associations. Take away the asso- 
ciations, and it would only be a pile of brick and mortal- given 
over to trade ; but now, henceforth, and forever it is to be elo- 
quent for liberty to myriads of the human race. 

The growth of the historic sentiment has been manifest in a 
remarkable degree since the close of the War of the Rebellion, 
in the publication by the Government of the Union and Confed- 
erate records ; the issuing of regimental and other histories ; by 
the preservation on the part of the Government of several of the 
great battlefields. 

In the summer of 1884 a company of ladies and gentlemen 
of this Commonwealth visited Gettysburg. At that time a 
single monument, erected by the State of Pennsylvania, to- 
gether with one erected by the Government of the United 
States, and a tablet set up by the Second Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, were the onby memorials of that conilict. A thought 
came to one of the visitors that the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts was rich enough, and should be patriotic enough, to 
aid each regiment and battery from this State engaged in that 
conilict to rear its memorial. Having been elected a member 
of the Legislature, his thought crystallized in the form of a reso- 
lution, appropriating five hundred dollars to each organization, 
which was unanimously adopted, and given validity by the 


Governor. The example of this Commonwealth has been fol- 
lowed by all the States having- troops in that battle, and to-day, 
Gettysburg, the turning-point of the greatest civil war of all 
time, is the grandest of all mausoleums, commemorating what 
was accomplished there for freedom. 

With tender regard for those who gave their lives that this 
government of the people might not perish from the earth, 
national cemeteries have been established on all the great battle- 
fields. Historic sentiment has set the white marble head-stone 
by every grave, recording the regiment of which the fallen hero 
was a member. No other nation has ever rendered such honor 
to its heroic dead. In no other country, no other age, has there 
been such a union of historic and patriotic sentiment. The age 
is not altogether given over to material things. The ilag of our 
country waves from many thousand school-houses; millions of 
bo}*s and girls have saluted it this present week with reverent 
words and patriotic song. 

The act of incorporation designates this as the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society. The live gentlemen who or- 
ganized it regarded the six States east of the Hudson as a 
domain sufficiently ample for historic and genealogic research. 
To-day the western horizon of the Society is the Pacific Ocean. 
With good reason the men who founded it, fifty years ago, 
regarded New England as sufficiently large for a society with 
such aims and objects as it then had in view. There was little 
alliance by kin with their neighbors across the Hudson. The 
ancestry of our people came chiefly from England ; the other, 
largely from Holland. With equal good reason to-day the 
domain of the Society extends to the farthest limit of the lie- 
public. The influence of New England upon this continent 
may be classified with that energy which made the Athenian 
state the vitalizing force in Grecian civilization, and with Judea 
in the Hebrew theocracy. The compact of the " I\ lay flower," 
the first bud of the new political economy in this Western 
world, expanding into the government of this State, has had 
its consummate flowering in the Constitution of the United 
States. Within the domain of this Commonwealth was inau- 
gurated the revolution which brought about the new era 
in government. From New England they who had achieved 


. independence crossed the Alleghanies, to lay the foundation of 
a new State on the banks of the Ohio, at Marietta. From that 
hour to the present time the sons and daughters of New Eng- 
land have been establishing other States, opening windows in 
the forests of Michigan, speeding the plough in Illinois and 
Iowa, making the prairies of the West the granary of the 

The genius of New England has manifested itself in establish- 
ing public schools, academies, colleges, churches, charitable and 
benevolent associations. It was a missionary to the Oregon 
Indians, the Rev. Marcus Whitman, who, in his patriotic zeal, 
made the mid-winter journey from Walla- Walla to Washington, 
suffering terrible hardship, who saved Oregon and Washington 
to the Republic. It was the sailors of the New England mari- 
time towns of Cape Cod and Cape Ann who manned the ships 
that bore the gold-seekers around Cape Horn to the Eldorado 
of the Pacific slope in '49 — sailors who abandoned the sea, 
became citizens, and made California a free State of the 

From this old Commonwealth went forth the resolute men 
who gave freedom to Kansas, and sounded the death-knell of 
slavery. Historians in these later years have recognized the 
energizing influence of New England in the civilization of the 
nation. It is the aim, therefore, of this Society to gather up 
whatever will illuminate the history of this force which has 
given such vitality to the civilization of the Republic. It is to 
be hoped that large means will be forthcoming to enable the 
Society to secure all histories of States, towns, families, and 
individuals; that within its doors, those making historic and 
genealogical research shall be able to obtain all possible infor- 

It has been the aim of this Society not only to collect but to 
diffuse information. Since Jan. 1, 1847, every three months, 
the "New-England Historical and Genealogical Register" has 
been published. Its forty-eight volumes, replete with histor- 
ical, genealogical, and biographical data, are of inestimable 
value. Coming generations will turn to them as a miser to his 
hoard of gold, as a bibliomaniac to an illuminated missal of 
the mediteval ages. The Society has been singularly fortunate 


in its editors. Among these T Lave but to mention the names of 
Samuel G. Drake, John Ward Dean, and Albert H. Hoyt. The 
first named lias passed on to the great majority, but his works 
remain. He needs no other monument than his works, which 
are to be found in every historical library of the land. Mr. 
Dean still continues hale, vigorous, fourscore years young, every 
day bestowing full information to ardent inquirers. Each re- 
turning three months the world is made richer by his contribu- 
tions. Mr. Hoyt is still active as chairman of the Committee 
on Publications. 

For more than half a century the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
has been an honored member of this organization. In behalf 
of this Society, I extend to Mr. Dean and to Dr. Paige its 
hearty congratulations, with the hope that their lives may still 
be rounded with many years. 

History is a record of events ; in its largest sense, it is the 
philosophy of human action. 'From the days of Herodotus to 
the present century historians were mainly content to chronicle 
events; in contrast, the historian of to-day traces events to 
their antecedent causes, seeks to discern their meaning, and uses 
them as a horoscope of the future. No longer is the muse of 
history a mere analyst, but she stands as a white-robed prophet, 
forecasting human destiny. 

The half-century that lias passed since the formation of this 
Society has been distinguished by great changes in political and 
civil affairs. Not the least of the notable events has been the 
extension of the domain comprising the present Republic. 
During the winter of 1844-5, while Charles Ewer, Samuel 
Gardner Drake, John Wingate Thornton, Lemuel Shattuck, and 
William Henry Montague were organizing this Society, the 
Congress of the United States was discussing the question 
of the annexation of Texas, which had revolted from Mexico 
and established its independence. On March 1, 1845, the an- 
nexation, so far as the United States was concerned, was accom- 
plished by the signature of President Tyler. The act was 
ratified by Texas the following July, and was quickly followed 
by the advance of the United States troops to the Rio Grande. 

Momentous events have come from these acts, — the war with 
Mexico, and the acquisition by the United States of a vast 


region of territory. The impelling force was tlie determination 
of a slave oligarchy to perpetuate its political power. But II • 
who guides the nations to their destiny had His own plans for 
the future of this Western world. From the days of Hernando 
Cortez, California had slumbered under Spanish and Mexican 
inertia ; but the Stars and Stripes were waving on the banks of 
the Sacramento on January 19, 1848, when James W. Marshall., 
digging a mill-race for James A. Sutter, first beheld shining- 
particles in the sandy soil and wondered what the " stuff" might 
be. In the divine plan that shovelful of earth was an all-im- 
portant agent to give direction to human affairs. With it began 
the struggle between Freedom and Slavery for supremacy in the 
affairs of the nation. For threescore years, from the adoption 
of the Constitution in 1787. by which slaves were counted in 
the basis for representation, the slaveholders had controlled the 
Government. With that shovelful of earth began the upsetting 
of their plan, and the unfolding of the divine plan for the wel- 
fare of the human race. Little did James W. Marshall com- 
prehend what would come from those shining particles of yellow 
sand — a rush of emigrants from all lands ; the rising of a great 
city; a railroad across Darien, others across the continent; a 
new departure in finance throughout the world; the greatest 
civil war of all the ages; Gettysburg and Appomattox; freedom 
and citizenship for four millions of slaves; the redemption of 
the Republic ; a new civilization. 

A half-century ago, Mexico, though our near neighbor 
geographically, in everything else was far away. The com- 
mercial relations between the United States and that country 
were. of little account. Though nominally a republic it had 
no stable government; military adventurers became despots — 
revolution succeeding revolution. From the day of its subju- 
gation by Cortez, the ecclesiastical power, under the law of 
mortmain, the hand which grasped the property of dying men, 
had appropriated to itself by far the most valuable portion of 
the real estate of that country. Being the property of the 
Church, it paid no taxes. The burden of taxation was crushing 
out the life of the nation; there could be no progress to a 
people held in subjection by an ecclesiasticism that appropriated 
to itself nearly all the revenues of the country. Buena Vista, 


Chapultepec, tlie entrance of the troops of the United States 
into the city of Mexico, the loss of nearly one-half of its do- 
mains, were humiliating events ; but out of that humiliation came 
the resurrection of a new republic, the subsequent sequestration 
of the estates of the clergy, a new constitution, the beginning 
of a reformed church, war between the clericals and patriots. 
Juarez was declared constitutional President in 1858, while 
Miramon was made President by the Church junto. In conse- 
quence of the latter seizing six hundred thousand dollars set 
aside to pay interest on bonds held in Europe, and in order to 
establish a stable government, England, France, and Spain 
united in sending an expedition to Vera Cruz. 

The Hag of this country had just been humiliated at Sumter, 
and the Southern Confederacy established. The London 
" Times" newspaper voiced the sentiment of all the adherents 
of monarchical institutions when it said that the Great Republic 
had ceased to exist. Prom its establishment in 1787, crowned 
heads the world over bad deprecated the existence of this gov- 
ernment of the people, and its influence upon other nations. 
Great Britain with indecent haste, before Charles Francis 
Adams, newly appointed Minister to that country, could cross 
the Atlantic, had. recognized the Confederates as belligerents, 


and British merchants were supplying them with arms and 
munitions of war. The ruling and mercantile classes of that 
nation, almost without exception, gave their sympathies to the 

With the humiliation of the Stars and Stripes at Sumter, with 
the landing of French troops at Vera Cruz, the dream of em- 
pire came to Louis Napoleon, Emperor of the French, who re- 
garded himself as a man of destiny, chosen by divine Providence 
to reestablish Latin supremacy in this Western Hemisphere. 

It is not probable that the historian of the future will ever be 
able to set forth all the agencies brought into play in the attempt 
to carry out the Napoleonic idea. This much, however, is know n, 
that Miramon, the exiled president of the church party in 
Mexico, by the gift of several millions in bonds to Jecker, a 
banker in Switzerland, and by the gift of several other millions to 
l)e Morny, half-brother to Napoleon TIL, by the influence of 
the Archbishop of Mexico with the head of the Church in Pome, 



to recover the confiscated estates, by awakening the ambition 
of Maximilian of Austria, as a true son of the Church, and of 
Carlotta and Eugenie, as devoted daughters of the Church, all 
unitedly encouraging the emperor to make his dream a reality. 
Maximilian was seated upon the throne of the Montezumas. 
On June 10, 1863, the soldiers of France, under Bazaine, entered 
the city of Mexico. 
*— In the United States the battle of Antietam had been suc- 
ceeded by the slaughter of Fredericksburg and the disaster at 
Chancellorsville. The British-built Confederate cruiser " Ala- 
bama" was lighting the ocean with the flames of merchant 
vessels belonging 1 to the Northern States. A great Confederate 
army was marching down the Shenandoah valley to invade 
Pennsylvania, seize Washington, the stars and bars above 
the dome of the national capitol, and carry their victorious flag 
to the city of New York. Throughout the North a great 
political party was demanding peace at any price, and Abraham 
Lincoln was being denounced as a blood-thirsty tyrant for 
having issued a proclamation giving freedom to four million 
slaves. Upon the other side of the Atlantic Mr. Roebuck, mem- 
ber of Parliament, was in Paris in conference with the emperor to 
bring about united recognition of the Confederacy, and by that 
act crush the United States. Lord Palmerston, the premier, 
determined, however, to wait a little till the Confederates had 
won a victory on Northern soil. The news came of Gettysburg, 
and that the Confederacy had been cut in twain by Grant at 
Vieksburg. Thenceforth there could be no more conferences 
between. Mason and Lord John Russell, Slidell and Louis 
Napoleon. A few months later came Appomattox, then the 
movement of an army under General Sheridan to the banks of 
the Rio Grande, the firm and courteous letter of Secretary 
Seward, and the withdrawal of the troops of France from 
Mexico. So the dream of empire faded away. Then was heard 
that volley of musketry at Orizaba, where Maximilian met his 
fate. Four years passed; then came Sedan and the gleam 
of the spiked helmet in Paris, the burning of the Tuileries, 
and out of its ashes the rising of the new Republic of France. 
To-day, Carlotta in a mad-house and Eugenie in her habili- 

ments of mourning are all that remain of the Napoleonic dream- 


To-day, Mexico is our near neighbor, feeling the thrill of a 
new life through its political and commercial relations with 
this republic. 

The half-century has also witnessed another notable event 
in this Western Hemisphere — the overthrow of monarchy in 
Brazil, and the establishment of a government of the people. 

There have been great changes in other lands. Fifty years 
ago the civilized world at times was reminded that in the far 
Orient a nation was living by itself alone, holding no commu- 
nication with the great majority of the human race — a people 
who hated Christian civilization. The geography of my boy- 
hood pictured a procession of Japanese trampling upon a cross, 
the emblem of Western civilization. Once a year a vessel 
bearing the flag of Holland was allowed to drop anchor 
in one of its seaports, but no foreigner was permitted to set 
foot upon the soil of the hermit nation ; no Japanese could 
leave the empire to visit other lands. It was reserved to 
the United States, not by force of arms, but by persistent firm- 
ness and kindness, to open the gates of the empire to the in- 
fluences of Western civilization. To-day Japan is the radiant 
queen of the Orient. 

In the historic evolution we see the sailor-citizens of Nantucket 
factors in this dramatic resurrection of a nation from a dead 
past to a new and vigorous life. It was in 1791, four years 
after the adoption of the Constitution, which made the United 
States a homogeneous political body, that a- Nantucket sea-captain, 
searching for the sperm whale, doubled Cape Horn and began 
to reap the harvest of the Pacific. The sea-captains of that island 
became explorers and discoverers, searching every nook and 
corner, bay and harbor, from the Arctic to Antarctic seas. Some 
of the vessels, doubling Cape Horn, never returned, but suffered 
shipwreck on the sunken rocks off the Japanese coasts. The 
crews, escaping to the shore, were regarded as invaders and 
hustled to prison to die a lingering death, or, if by chance surviv- 
ing hardship, were given over to a Dutch shipmaster, through 
whose kindness they might be taken to Batavia and from thence 
enabled to reach home. 

Possibly we may never know who first conceived the idea 
of compelling Japan to give asylum to shipwrecked seamen. 



It seems probable that the great movement of emigrants in 1840, 
and the unparalleled development of California, led Daniel 
Webster, Secretary of State under President Fillmore, to 
ponder the future of this Republic in its relation to the 
Orient, and take measures for fitting out an expedition which 
subsequently sailed under Commodore Perry- From the close 
of the Revolution the ships of Boston and Salem had been 
doubling the Cape of Good Hope, freighted with tea from 
Canton and silk from Nanking. Commerce with China and 
Manila was increasing. It was seen that the rise of a new 
State on the Pacific shore must inevitably lead to a great in- 
crease of trade in that direction. Commercial relations rather 
than any purely philanthropic motive doubtless animated 
the Government in sending out ship-loads of the industrial prod- 
ucts of this country as gifts to the long-slumbering nation. 
The outcome of that expedition is without a parallel in human 

From the records of all time there will not be found another 
such resurrection as that of the Empire of Japan from a dead 
past to its present vigorous national life. To-day, China with 
its four bundled millions of people bows at the feet of the 
y<3ung queen of the Client. Beyond any other nation this 
Republic lias been influential in giving direction to the course 
of civilization in the Mikado's empire. It seems prob- 
able that in the near future there must be some momentous 
change in China; that the enlightened men of that country 
must see that railroads, telegraphs, and the printing-press — 
that the living forces of Occidental civilization are more potent 
than. generations of dead ancestors to promote the well-being of 
a nation. China to-day is chained to a dead past, worshipping 
the virtues of ancestors slumbering in the multitudinous grave- 
yards dotting the vast empire. No railroads thread its valleys 
giving vitality to commerce. The lumbering junk, with its 
bamboo lateen sail, is an appropriate emblem of the long- 
slumbering empire. In Japan the whistle of the locomotive 
awakens the echoes of the matchless mountain Fujiama, piercing 
the sky with its ethereal whiteness. The locomotive, the print- 
ing-press, the public school, have given new life and [tower to 
the nation. With such an example at her doors, China must of 


necessity cast off the cerements of the dead past and rise to a 
new national life. 

Let ns not forget that it was a son of Massachusetts who, since 
the formation of this Society, was appointed Minister to China 
— Anson Burlingame. Being impressed with the future possible 
greatness of that ancient land of Sinim, lie resigned Ins American 
citizenship, and became an official of the empire, that lie might 
more effectually wield his influence in giving direction to its 
future civilization, predicting- that the time would come when the 
emblem of Western civilization — the shining cross — would be 
reared in its valleys and upon its verdure-crowned hills. Should 
such be the ultimate outcome, the future historian will trace 
the advancement back to that peaceful mission of the war-ships 
of this Republic under Commander Perry to the secluded 
nation of the Orient, to-day taking its position in the ranks of 
the most favored nations. 

The half-century that has elapsed since the formation of 
this Society lias witnessed a great change among the nations of 
Europe — the political unification of people speaking a common 
language. From 1815, after Napoleon I. became an exile to St. 
Helena, to 1859, the people speaking the Italian language were 
divided into a half-dozen petty kingdoms, ruled by Bourbons 
dominated by reactionary ideas. Then came the great men of 
modern Italian history — Victor Emmanuel, Mazzini, Cavour, 
Garibaldi ; the tumbling of puppets from their thrones ; scparat ion 
of Church and State; the rise of the people and the unification 
of the nation. Equally notable has been the coining together of 
the German-speaking people under the leadership of Bismarck. 

In no other age has there been such an advancement in 
applied science as during the half-century since the formation of 
this Society. In 1844, railways extended from Boston eastward 
to Portland : northward to Concord, N.H. ; westward to Buffalo. 
In the transmission of information, the first electric telegraph 
had just been constructed between Washington and Baltimore. 
To-day the world is belted with railways, and all lands are united 
by the telegraph. Scarcely twenty years have elapsed since the 
invention of the telephone, and now, though our friends may be 
one thousand miles away, we converse with them as familiarly 
as if they were by our side. 


One of the most notable changes of the half-century is that 
which has conic to the female sex, in education, occupation, in- 
fluence, and power. In the years preceding the present century 
the sentiment of the world, if not actively opposed to the edu- 
cation of woman, certainly did not favor her acquisition of in- 
tellectual attainments. The public school was for boys and not 
for girls. Diligent research fails to discover a sin pie instance of 
the attendance of girls in a public school prior to the beginning 
of the present century. Abigail and Hannah Adams, Dorothy 
Qiiincy, and their associates, the favored few of the Revolution- 
ary period, were taught reading, arithmetic, and their accidence 
by the parish minister, or some tutor in the family home. The 
proposition to admit girls to the public school, like many other 
things, was strenuously opposed as an uncalled for and danger- 
ous innovation detrimental to public morals. 

The second decade of the century witnessed the beginning of 
Sunday-schools. The proposition to gather the children of the 
parish in a school on Sunday, even to recite verses from the 
Bible and the hymns of Dr. Watts, was received with much 
shaking of heads by those who regarded themselves as conser- 
vators of the moral and religious welfare of the community. 

A reverend doctor of divinity in one of the suburbs of this 
city, in giving notice of a meeting to be addressed by a woman, 
informed his congregation that if they cared to hear a hen crow 
they could do so by assembling at half-past seven. 

In the historic evolution of the human race, the flashing of 
that cannon on Morris island on the morning of April 12, 1801, 
was not only the signal for the uprising of the people to pre- 
serve this government, but it was the beginning of a new era in 
the lives of the women of this country. 

The patriotic fervor of the mothers and daughters during the 
War of the Rebellion was as conspicuous as that of the fathers 
and sons. Brave and resolute were the white-robed angels of 
the hospital. To-day woman is not only the housekeeper, but 
the trained nurse, the accountant, typewriter, cashier, sales- 
woman, director of public institutions, teacher of nine-tenths 
of the pupils in the public schools, professor in the univer- 
sity, president of the college, doctor of medicine, doctor in 
philosophy, of law, of divinity, practising at the bar, preaching 


from the pulpit, legislator, mayor, manager of commercial 
affairs, supervisor of streets, and is still the lady! 

The passing years of the half-century have witnessed a mar- 
vellous development of ways and means designed to promote 
the welfare of the human race, such as the formation of associa- 
tions, societies, and organizations, humane, benevolent, char- 
itable, educational, and historic, which are based on one great, 
fundamental idea, that of brotherhood. In no other period 
have men understood as they now understand that no man 
liveth to himself alone. In no other age have they compre- 
hended as they now comprehend that they are under obligations 
to their fellow-men ; that the highest happiness is attainable 
only by bringing into sociology the ethics of the Sermon on 
the Mount. More clearly than in any former period do men un- 
derstand that the enduring monument to (heir memory is not 
the marble that may be erected above their mouldering- forms, 
but rather the benefaction that promotes the welfare of those 
who may come after them. Men who have accumulated large 
possessions of material things are beginning to comprehend 
that it is not creditable for them to pass from this life with- 
out bestowing a portion of their estate for a hospital to 
relieve human suffering, for a library, school, or college to 
advance learning, or some endowment that shall be a blessing 
to coming generations. 

The historian of the future who may write of the century 
now closing w,ill have abundant material for philosophic treat- 
ment. History in the past has been in a laro-e decree what 
kings and potentates have done; history in this century is 
an account of what the people have accomplished. Our per- 
spective on this Patriot's Day, in this historic edifice, includes 
the figures of Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, and their com- 
patriots of t 1 e Revolutionary period. The perspective of him 
who fifty years hence may stand where I am standing, and 
address the members of this Society, will include the figures of 
Webster, Everett. Choate, Winthrop, Sumner, Wilson, of this 
Commonwealth, as moulding and shaping the Republic for 
Union and Liberty. To the historian of the future, in litera- 
ture, the stars of the Elizabethan age will not surpass in lustre 
Emerson, Longfellow, Whittier, Lowell, and Holmes. A 


procession of stately figures will move across the field of his vision 
in this Republic, including Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, Sheridan. 
Farragut ; upon the other side of the Atlantic not the figures 
which sit on thrones, but the uncrowned Gladstone, Bismarck, 
and Cavour. 

The philosophic historian of the future will note that dur- 
ing the half-century now closing the principle of arbitration 
has risen like a guiding star upon the nations, and is rapidly 
becoming an illuminating force in international affairs. A 
third of a century ago, one million men in arms were mar- 
shalled to uphold this government of the people ; that end ac- 
complished, the mighty armies melted away as the dew before 
the rising sun, and the Republic, by its example, stands to-day 
before all the world as the personification of peace. Science 
and invention, by making weapons of war destructive of life 
almost to the annihilation of armies, have become the allies of the 
Prince of Peace. 

International exhibitions, parliaments of religions, applied 
science, commercial unity, all are working to a common end, — 
the universal welfare. Abraham Lincoln in his second inau- 
gural uttering the words " with malice towards none, but charity 
for all," voiced the growing sentiment of the age. 

Never in the past as to-day has the human race been so united 
in bonds of unity and brotherhood. Never before has the 
world's sentiment been marshalled as now in behalf of human- 
ity. , In no other age has there been such a reaching down 
to recover that which we had deemed as lost. Notwithstand- 
ing Europe to-day is a vast military camp with millions of men 
in armies, the spirit of the age is for peace. The Hebrew 
prophets foretold the time when the sword shall become a 
ploughshare. The poetic seers of the last half-century voice the 
growing sentiment of the hour. Longfellow in the " Arsenal 
at Springfield" hears the music of the coming ages : 

Peace ! and no longer from its brazen portals 
The blast of War's great organ shakes the skies! 

But beautiful as songs of the immortals, 
The holv melodies of love arise. 


Whittier, contemplating the course of nature beside the wind- 
ing Merrimack, discerns that "life is ever lord of death," and 
Tennyson, penning the last lines of wt In Memoriam, " and looking 
out upon the ever restless ocean, pictures the great event of 
the coming centuries : 

One God, one law, one element, 

And one far-off divine event. 

To which the whole creation moves. 

It is a historical fact thai the world to-day is animated as 
never before by the sono- first heard on earth, above the green 
pastures of Bethlehem. Notwithstanding the iniquity of the 
age, the world is vastly better at this moment than it was when 
Charles Ewer and Wingate Thornton and their associates 
founded this Society. The historic revolution of the past indi- 
cates that it will be better to-morrow than it is to-day. The 
teachings of history are in accordance with the analogy of 
nature. On this spring morning the mayllower is exhaling its 
fragrance upon the hitherto uncongenial April air; the lily will 
ere long unfold its golden petals upon the present ice-bound 
lake. From the first primordial cell to imperial man, wearing 
the likeness of the Creator, the evolution has been from lower 
to higher forms. The voice of nature, of prophecy, and history 
are in accordance with the loiminos of the world for the comino- 

o o o 

of a time when there shall be a consummate flowering of the 
human race. Grant, if you please, that this is optimistic ; but 
it is the optimism of history. During the eighteen hundred 
years that hav-e passed since the Man of Nazareth in this month 
of April rose victor from the grave, triumphant over death, 
the banner of progress has borne this inscription : 

llie Brotherhood of man ; the Redemption of the world! 




By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq. 


There is a realm unknown to mortal ken, 
Unsung by poets and unseen by men, 
So vast no region could enclose its space, 
No country compass it, no power efface. 
More populous by far then Earth's great states, 
Its hounds the world, to Earth's remotest gates. 
Within its vast expanse its people lie 
Safe from the storms of Life's adversity. 
Quietly resting in their boundless bed 
They occupy this Empire of the Dead. 

But though to living eyes this realm unknown, 
This hidden mystery may not be shown, 
The thoughts while living, actions manifold 
Of those that dwell within may yet be told. 
The silent witnesses of an age long past 
May speak in papers, ma}' show forth at last 
Upon recorded documents their deeds, 
And grow the clearer as the time proceeds. 
To aid this work and make the public see 
Ancestral facts as they were wont to be, 
This is the plan of our society. 

What changes since our record first began. 

What innovations in the Life of man 

Science and art have made. So vast the field, 

Space would forbid me to relate the yield 

Of knowledge, wisdom, and increased resource, 

In the half-century's exciting course. 

Transport your minds to fifty years ago, 

When search was difficult and progress slow. 

See Thornton, Montague. Shattuck, Ewer, and Drake, 

Who on the records our first laurels make. 

Then Andrew, Whiting, Wilder, Dorus Clarke, 

Here in our councils made distinguished mark. 



Here Wintbrop sat, whose mild and pleasant face 
And stately mien lent dignity and grace 
To our assembly. Here there also dwelt 
One who — excuse me — made his presence Felt. 
Here Paige and Slafter, Trask, and Hoyt, and Dean, 
All with us yet, time's changes here have seen 
Since the first years. Other brave workers too 
Their labors gave, the interest to renew ; 
But time forbids their many names to mention; 
Honored they are, and worthy your attention. 
May their successors prove, by constant zeal, 
Worthy the fame the founder's acts reveal. 

To rescue facts from Time's destroying tooth; 

Correct false statements and bring out the truth; 

All doubtful issues to investigate, 

And bring the facts out, ere it be too late, 

Of local bistory. Oil the family tree 

To prune the erroneous branches, and to free 

From all misstatement each tradition wrong; 

Strengthen weak points, make certain records strong — 

This is our mission. And for fifty years, 

Through Fortune's smiles or frowns, through doubts and fears, 

Our work has progressed until now, when we 

Welcome you, friends, to this, our Jubilee. 

To you we look for kindness and support ; 

Your aid we seek and your assistance court. 

With your approval duty grows less bard ; 

Cheered by your smiles and warmed by your regard 

We still go on, and are, by your applause, 

More conscious of the justice of our cause. 



I believe, Mr. President, it was Lord Brougham — no, it was 
Lord Lyndhurst — who said that Campbell's Lives added a new 
terror to death. This unexpected call adds a new terror to old 
age. It did not occur to me that I should be expected to say 
anything here to-day. But I am happy, in the absence of Pres- 
ident Salisbury, the distinguished head of the American Anti- 
quarian Society, to bring its greetings. I have been but a 
delinquent member of the Historic Genealogical Society. It 
has never been in my power before to attend a meeting. But I 
have read the " Register " from the beginning. I have no doubt 
of the value of the studies to which your members devote them- 
selves. Your name expresses two purposes. One is historic 
investigation. The other is tracing the descent of families and 
individuals from their ancestors. Both ore useful and needful. 

The chief function of this Society is to preserve and make 
clear the history of New England as it bears upon the life 
of the Republic. I suppose thai, to-day more than one-third 
of the people who live in this country are men and women 
who have no connection, either of kinship or sympathy, 
with the old England from which our ancestors came. 
The glory of English achievement is not their glory. They 
look to other ancestry and lineage. They have other ideals 
and another pride. This proportion is growing larger and larger 
every llay. Yet you and 1 mean to affirm and to hold fast to 
the fact that this country will cling to the traditions of English 
liberty and English law as they were brought over and handed 
down to us by the men Avho settled New England. Governor 
S tough ton said that " God sifted a whole nation that he might 
send choice grain over into this wilderness."' The United States, 
all *>* them that are and all of them that will be, shall forever 
and forever be the product of that seed. Your function and 
that of your fellow-societies, is to preserve and to make known 
to the youth of the land the beauty and majesty of that history. 


We sometimes smile at the labors of the geneaJogist. It 
sometimes seems as if he tried to persuade himself that lie was 
engaged in an intellectual occupation while he is giving his life 
to the lightest and the most worthless of all trilling. There 
may seem to be a certain absurdity in looking up the history of 
the twenty-two million ancestors, which it is said each of us may 
claim since the time of William the Conqueror. But I believe 
these labors are to furnish a great aid to science in ascertaining 1 
the important law of heredity. 

This life of ours is determined by two independent forces. 
We study the law of evolution. We study the rising of this 
race of ours from the animal to the human, from the vegetable 
to the animal, from the dead, inorganic matter to the vegetable. 
As we reluctantly confess that we have risen from the grass to 
the monkey, and from the monkey to the man. it seems as if 
our whole existence on this earth were a pitiful failure. It 
seems as if this new science in destroying the framework and 
setting in which imagination has painted to us the beauty and 
the glory of the great doctrine of Immortality, had destroyed 
eveiything in which we can find comfort, either in memory or 
in hope. 

Then comes in our genealogist, who, in giving us the list of 
our progenitors, shows to us the almost irresistible bias which 
seems enough to overcome the will and make the individual's 
moral quality inevitable and fatal, and banish the elements of 
freedom and choice from human history and human destiny. 

But then comes into view another truth, which the historian 
and the genealogist marries to the truth of which 1 have 
spoken. Outside of this force, there is a force which science 
cannot explain or understand — the spiritual side of man. Be- 
side the pedigree of the physical and animal life there is the 
pedigree of the spirit. We like to find it as we trace the de- 
scent of the youth of 1861, from the men and women of the 
Revolution, or the men and women of the great Puritan days 
in the inheritance of lineage and blood. But it is not confined 
to that inheritance. What has modern science to tell us of these 
forces, which burst the limitations of race, which break the 
chains of habit, and are more powerful than the inherited 
physical and moral forces of all the generations? Tell me, Mr. 



Darwin, why is it that every man and woman in this audience 
would rather die than to have his neighbors believe he has done 
a base action, even if lie will never suffer physically an atom 
thereby? Explain the patriotism of the men who fell at Con- 
cord on this anniversary we celebrate to-day? Did the spirits 
of those who fell at Marathon and Thermopylae whisper to 
their spirits? Has your doctrine anything- to tell us about that? 
Do you know that with the bias which came to you, or to me, 
from your ancestor, or mine, there came also a potent force 
speaking from the souls of the heroes of old? The genealogist 
is to tell us something about this. From what mother or father 
came the greatness of Webster and Sumner? From what father- 
hood and motherhood came the virtues that adorned those 
lives? When you have answered these things, you have solved 
the great problem of life. They have just dug up, in some of 
their researches in Greece, the bodies of three hundred and ninety 
Greek youths who fell in the battle of Chieromea, where the 
power of the democracy went down, whose fateful news cost the 
life of the aged Isocrates — 

" That dishonest victory 
At Clni'ron:ea, fatal to Liberty, 
Killed with report that old man eloquent." 

They found the bodies of these youths buried side b} r side, 
with their rings and chains about them, adorned as for a 
banquet. Judging from the formation of the bones, every one 
of them was under twenty-five years old. They found the broken 
ribs and the marks of the sword-thrust, or spear-thrust. What 
was it — perhaps the men who fought upon the 19th of April 
could have told us — what was it that led these youths to go 
as cheerfully to their deaths as to their marriage feasts? There 
is something in this about which science has not yet told us. 

There is something in this which did not come to us from the 
grass or the mollusk or the monkey. I hope t]ie scholars of 
this Society will not forget it. It is the bond which holds this 
country of ours together. Patriotism, love of home, love of 
woman, love of honor, love of justice. These are the things 
of Vfliich the 10th of April is the perpetual witness, and of 
which the mere student of the physical side of man's nature has 
nothing to say. 



President of the Bostonian Society. 

I congratulate you, Mr. President, in behalf of the Society 
which I have the honor to represent, upon the success of your 
time-honored institution, and am glad to participate in the cele- 
bration of your fiftieth anniversary. 

I need not dilate upon the importance of preserving historical 
records correctly. There is work to do in the preservation of 
correct records of the history that we are now making every day, 
as well as in the correction of errors and the supplying omissions 
in past records. The difficulties in supplying inaccuracies or 
omissions in the early history of the country that are encoun- 
tered by the historian of to-day, should prompt him to leave 
behind a clear and correct record for those who are to succeed 
him in future generations. 

The great advantage that this Society has been to the com- 
munity in the preservation of valuable historic records of our 
early colonial history and the genealogy of families, is patent to 
us all, and hits been of the greatest value to historian, student, 
and scholar. Its value has become more appreciated by the 
general public as the country lias increased in years. All honor, 
sir, to the founders of this Society, and to others of its members 
whose names you have referred to as diligent workers in its 

It is especially appropriate that this anniversary should be 
celebrated in this ediiice hallowed by associations of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. Here through this window came Warren to 
deliver his address; there, in that balcony, once stood General 
Washington; and here while citizens were listening to patriotic 
words, they heard the shouts of the " Mohawks," as the disguised 
citizens called themselves, on their way to throw the tea into 
Boston Harbor; opposite stood the house in which Franklin was 
born; but a ohort distance away, at the head of State street, 


stands the old State House, whose walls have resounded with 
the voices of Otis, and Adams, and Hancock, and where inde- 
pendence was born. From its balcony the Declaration of 
Independence was read; from its windows Washington reviewed 
the troops as they marched into Boston. State street was 
the scene of the Boston Massacre. In fact, old Boston is the 
very Mecca of the early historical scenes preceding and during 
the American Revolution. 

This history belongs not to us alone in Boston, but to the 
whole American nation. It should be the recognized duty 
of associations like ours to see that these events which are 
so important in the history of our country, and the deeds of 
those who sacrificed so much to establish this Republic, 
should be kept fresh and green in the memory of the present 
generation, and transmitted for preservation to those who are to 
succeed us. 



[From the Hon. Frederick Thomas Greenhalge, Governor of Massachusetts.} 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Executive Department, Boston, April 2, 1895. 

Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Dear Sir: The Governor is in receipt of your invitation to 
attend the fiftieth anniversary of the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society at the Old South Meeting-house, 19th April 
next; and the Governor directs me to state that it would give him 
pleasure to attend, but lie has already accepted an invitation to 
deliver an address at Acton in the forenoon of the same day, and 
is obliged to send his regrets. 

Yours truly, 

W. A. Thomas, 

Private Secretary. 

[From the lion. Roger Wolcott, LL.B., Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts, and a member 

of the Society.] 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Council Chamber, Boston, April 17, 1S95. 

Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

My dear Sir : Although I am steadily regaining my strength 
from my recent attack of pneumonia, I do not yet venture to accept 
any engagements of a public character. Otherwise I should cer- 
tainly hope to attend the services on the 19th. 

With thanks and regards, 

I am very truly yours, 

Roger Wolcott. 


[From the IIoij. George von Lcngerke Meyer, Esq., Speaker of the Massachusetts Rouse of 


Speaker's Room, State House, 

Boston, 18th April, 1895. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc. : 

My dear Captain Folsom : I expected to attend the meeting of 
your Society on the 10th, it being a holiday, but am obliged to go to 
New York this afternoon. Regretting this, 

I am yours, 

G. v. L. Meyer. 

[From the lion. "William M. Olin, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.] 

Office of tee Secretary, 

Boston, April 3, 1895. 

Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Bear Captain: I am very sorry that having accepted an invita- 
tion for the 19th, at Acton, I cannot attend the fiftieth anniversary 
of the formation of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
at the Old South Meeting-house, in accordance with your invitation. 
Please accept my thanks for your courtesy, and believe me, 

Always sincerely yours, 

Wm. M. Olin. 

[From the Hon. D. Russell Drown, Governor of Rhode Island.] 

State of Rhode Island, 
Executive Department, Providence, April 15, 1895. 

Capt. A: A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc. : 

Dear Sir : I am directed by Governor Brown to acknowledge 
the courtesy of your invitation to attend the fiftieth anniversary of 
the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, and to express his 
regret that his public engagements will not permit of his being 

Yours respectfully, 

R, W. Jennings, 

Executive Secretary. 



[From the Hon. Edward Upton Curtis, Mayor of the City of Boston.] 

Mayor's Office, City Hall, 

Boston, 28th March, 1805. 
Caft. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Dear Sir : His Honor the Mayor 1ms received the cordial 
invitation to attend the fiftieth anniversary meeting of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society ; and he regrets that his 
official duties will make it impossible for him to accept. 

Yours very truly, 

Courtney Guild, 

JMayor's Secretary. 

[From the lion. Winslow Warren, Collector of the Fort of Boston.] 

Custom House, Office of the Collector, 

Boston, April 9, 1895. 
Caft. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc. : 

Pear Sir : I regret very much that other engagements, April 
19, will prevent my acceptance of your kind invitation for that day. 
It would give me great pleasure to join with you in what will 
doubtless prove a very interesting occasion. 

I am very truly yours, 

Winslow Warren. 

[From the Rev. Lucius Robinson Paige, D.D., the first elected member of the Society, and 
the oldest living member.] 

Cambridgeport, April 17, 1895. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Dear Sir : I cordially thank you for inviting me to attend the 
approaching anniversary of the New-England Historic Genealogical 

As I was the first person elected to membership after its organiza- 
tion, it would afford me peculiar pleasure to accept your invitation; 
but the infirmities of age press so heavily that I dare not encounter 
so great fatigue. 

With sincere wishes for the continued prosperity of the Society, 
with which I have been so pleasantly associated, and from which 1 
have received so many favors for more than half a century, 

I am truly yours, 

Lucius R. Paige. 


[From the Hon. George Bewail Boutwell, LL.D., Ex-Governor of Massachusetts, Ex-Senator 
of the United States, Ex-Secretary of the Treasury, and a member of the Society.] 

Washington, D.C , 23d March, 1895. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc. : 

My dear Sir : Except for the circumstance that I have accepted 
the invitation of the town of Acton to be present at their anni- 
versary exercises of the 19th of April, I should, with great pleasure, 
accept your invitation in behalf of the New-England Historic 
Genealogical Society. 

Very truly, 

Geo. S. Boutwell. 

[From Charles Francis Adams, LL.D., President of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and 
a member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society.] 

Adams Building, 23 Court Street, 

Boston, April IS, 1895. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

My dear Captain Folsom : It had been my intention to be 
present at the meeting of the New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society to-morrow, both as a member of that Society and as repre- 
senting the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

I regret extremely to say that, at the last moment, I am called out 
of town to Newport, and I shall have to go early in the morning, 
not getting back until in the evening. 

Under these circumstances I regret extremely my enforced 
absence. Will you be so good as to explain the reason of it to 
Ex-Governor Clailm and other members of the Society. 

I remain, etc., 

Charles F. Adams. 

[From the Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, Senator of the United States, and a member of the 


United States Senate, 
Washington, D.C, March 28, 1895. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

My, dear Sir : I have received your invitation to attend the 
celebration of the semi-centennial of the Society in Boston on 
the 19th of April, and am very sorry to say that I shall not be at 
home at that time. 

Very truly yours, 

H. C. Lodge. 



[From the Hon. John [Forrester Andrew, LL.B., Ex-Member of Congress, and a member 

of the Society. 

32 Hereford Street, Boston, March 27, 1805. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Dear Sik : I thank you very much for the invitation to the 
services to be held at the Old South Meeting-house on April 19, and 
it will give me pleasure to be present on that occasion. 

Very truly yours, 

John F. Andrew. 

[From James Junius Goodman, Esoj., Vice-President of the Connecticut Historical Society, 
and a member of the Society.] 

45 West 34th Street, ISTew York, April 11, 1805. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committer, etc.: 

Dear Sir: I regret exceedingly that I am unable to accept your 
committee's very cordial invitation to be present at the fiftieth, 
anniversary of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society on 
the 19th inst. An engagement on that day prevents me. 

I am sure it will be an interesting occasion, and I hope it may 
serve as a means to increase the vigor of the Society and the en- 
thusiasm of its members in its work. 

Yours sincerely, 

James J. Goodwin. 

[From the Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D.D., a member of the Society.] 

39 Highland Street, Koxbury, Mass., 

April 2, 1805. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

My dear Mr. Folsom : At this moment I fear that I shall not 
be able to be at the Old South Meeting-house on the day of the 
battle at Lexington. If I can come I will, but I shall not be able to 
unless 1 have freed myself from some engagements. 

Truly yours, 

Edward E. Hale. 


[From Mrs. Andrew Bigelo^v, daughter of the Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wilder, LL.D., 
formerly President of the Society. 

Southboro', Mass., April 16, 1805. 
Capt. A. A. Folsom, Chairman Committee, etc.: 

Dear Sir : I regret exceedingly that my convalescence prevents 
my accepting your polite invitation to be present in person at the 



fiftieth anniversary of the Society of which ray honored father was 
an active officer for twenty years. 

Please accept ray congratulations that those members who were 
co-laborers with him, and others since enlisted, are accomplishing 
so much, not only to hold the interest of the community of to-day, 
but to perpetuate for generations to come the main objects of the 
Society- — "In Memoriam Majovum" 

Very respectfully, 

Mrs. Andrew Bjgklow. 

[From the Rev. Edward A. Rand, A.M., President of the Watertown, Mass., Historical 


Watertown, April IS, 1895. 
Cart. A. A. Folsom, Clialrman Committee, ele. : 

My dear Captain Folsom : Many thanks for invitation to the 
anniversary of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society. I 
hope to be present. The Watertown Society through me, T know, 
would like to send its congratulations on the excellent work done, 
and many wishes for a future still more abundant in usefulness. 
Yours has been a grand work. 

Heartily yours, 

Edward A. Rand. 

[Telegram received at the Old South Meetimr-house from the Hon. Joseph Wiliamson, A.M., 
for eleven years Vice-President of the Society for the State of Maine.] 

Belfast, Me., April 10, 1895. 
Regret that professional engagements detain me from the anni- 
versary to-day. 

Joseph Williamson. 

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